Bibliography, criminal biblical law; Hebrew criminal Law, bibliographie, droit pénal biblique, droit pénal hébraïque

[Home -- Accueil]
[Main Page -- Criminal Law / Page principale -- droit pénal]

last  amendment: 16 June 2012

by © François Lareau, 2001-, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
 1- Biblical Law / Droit biblique

(Geoffrey Wigoder, Encyclopedic Dictionary of Judica, New York--Paris: Leon Amiel Publisher, 1974,
p. 437)

see also, infraHebrew Law

ADAMIAK, Richard, Justice and history in the Old Testament : the evolution of divine retribution in the historiographies of the wilderness generation / by Richard Adamiak ; with a foreword by David Noel Freedman, Cleveland : J.T. Zubal, c1982, xii, 103 p., Bibliography: pp. [95]-103, ISBN: 0939738082;

BAILEY, Lloyd R., Capital Punishment: What the Bible Says, Nashville: Abingdon, 1987, 112 p.;.

BARMASH, Pamela, 1966-, Homicide in the biblical world, Cambridge (New York): Cambridge University Press, 2005, xvi, 253 p., ISBN: 0521834686 and 0521547733 (pbk.); Notes: " Revision of the author's thesis (Ph. D.)--Harvard University, 1999; Includes bibliographical references (p. 221-237) and index 1. A first case: the story of Cain and Abel -- 2. Blood feud and state control -- 3. The development of places of refuge in the Bible -- 4. Pollution and homicide -- 5. Typologies of homicide -- 6. Lex Talionis -- 7. Interterritorial law: the homicide of a foreign citizen (source: AMICUS catalogue, Library and Archives Canada); limted preview at,M1 (accessed on 1 September 2008);

BEAUCAMP, E., "Le péché dans l'Ancien Testament", Jubilee volume Ottaviani, 1972, aux pp. 299-334;

Biblical Law Cumulative Bibliography, web site, available at (accessed on 22 April 2006);

BLUMENFELD, D.L., The Terminology of Imprisonment and Forced Detention in the Bible, Ph.D. thesis, New York University, 1977;

BOUCHAT, Marie-Sylvie, La répression de la sorcellerie dans le duché du Luxembourg aux XVI et XVIIe siècles, thèse,  l'Université catholique de Louvain, 2 volumes, Louvain-la-Neuve : UCL, 1977;

BRANDMAHL, Shawn, Crime and the evolution of evil : a biblical approach to the problem of crime, Lafayette, LA : Prescott Press, 2001, ISBN: 0933451520;

BRAUNER, Ronald A., "Some aspects of offence and penalty in the Bible and the literature of the ancient Near East", (1974) 3 Gratz College Annual of Jewish Studies  9-18;

BURNSIDE, Jonathan P. (Jonathan Patrick), "Bash the Burglar? Reflections on the Tony Martin Case", (2001) number 147 Law & Justice: The Christian Law Review 122-131.

"The Tony Martin case, in which a Norfolk farmer was jailed for life for shooting dead a nocturnal burglar, sparked outrage among homeowners across England last year.  To many, he was a 'have-a-go' hero who should never have been punished.  To others he was a score-settling hothead who went too far.  The case raises important questions in the light of presumptions about the sanctity of life in Biblical law.  Does Biblical law sanction the taking of life to protect property?"

___________ The signs of sin : seriousness of offence in biblical law, London/New York : Sheffield Academic Press, c2003, xvi, 282 p. (series; Journal for the study of the Old Testament. Supplement; series 364),  ISBN:  0826462189;

CALAMAIO, "Capital Punishment and the Bible", 2004; available at (accessed on 22 November 2008);


CARMICHAEL, Calum, "Women's Offences and Biblical Law",  1998, available at (accessed on 26 August 2003);

CARBASSE, Jean-Marie,  La peine de mort, Paris : Presses universitaires de France, 2002, 127 p., (Collection: Que Sais-je),  ISBN : 2-13-051660-2; voir le chapitre1, "La peine de mort dans l'Antiquité: La Bible, Grèce, Rome";

CLARK, H.B., Biblical Law Being a Text of the Statutes, Ordinances, and Judgments Established in the Holy Bible with Many Allusions to Secular Laws: Ancient, Medieval and Modern - Documented to the Scriptures, Judicial Decisions and Legal Literature, Portland (Oregon): Binfords & Mort, xxiv, 304 p., on penal laws, crimes and punishments, see pp. 197-250; copy at University of Ottawa;

Concordances, available at (accessed on 29 June 2008);

DAUBE, David, "Direct and Indirect Causation in Biblical Law", (1961) 9 Vetus Testamentum 246-269;

___________"Error and Accident in the Bible", (1949) 2 Revue internationale des droits de l'antiquité 189-213;

___________"Matt 5: 38", (1944) 45 Journal of Theological Studies 177-187; il s'agit "Oeil pour oeil et dent pour dent";

__________Studies in Biblical Law, Cambridge, The University press, 1947, viii, 328 p., see at p. 160;

FENSHAM, Frank Charles, "Liability in Case of Negligence in the Old Testament Covenant Code and Ancient Legal Traditions", (1976) Acta Juridica 283-294;

___________ "Ordeal by battle in the ancient Near-East and the Old Testament" in Studi in onore di Edoardo Volterra, 6. Milan : A Giuffrè, 1971, at pp. 127-135 (Pubblicazioni della Facoltà di Giurisprudenza dell'Univ di Roma ; 45);  

FISHMAN, Clifford, "Old Testament Justice", (2002) 51 Catholic University Law Review 405; article to be verified for relevance (27 December 2003);

FLETCHER, George  P., The Grammar of Criminal Law: American, Comparative, and International, Volume 1 : Foundations, Oxford/New York:  Oxford University Press,  2007, xxv, 366 p.,  and see 8.2: "Biblical Guilt", ISBN: 978 0195103106; see Table of Contents at (accessed on 30 July 2007); 

__________"Punishment, guilt, and shame in biblical thought", (2004) 18  Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics, and Public Policy 343-356;

FREEDMAN, David Noel, 1922-, with Jeffrey C. Geoghegan and Michael M. Homan ; edited by Astrid Billes Beck, The nine commandments : uncovering a hidden pattern of crime and punishment in the Hebrew Bible, 1st ed., New York : Doubleday, c2000, xvii, 217 p., ISBN: 0385499868;

GAMORAN, Hillel, "The Biblical law against loans on interest", (1971) 30 Journal of Near Eastern Studies 127-134;

GREENBERG, Moshe, "The Biblical Conception of Assylum", (1959) 78 Journal of Biblical Literature 125-132;

__________"More Reflexions on Biblical Criminal Law" in, edited on behalf of the Department of Bible by Sara Japhet, Studies in Bible, Jerusalem : Magnes Press, Hebrew University, 1986, viii, 437 p. at pp. 1-17 (series; Scripta Hierosolymitana v. 31);

__________"Some postulates of Biblical criminal law" in  Frederick E. Greenspahn, ed., Essential papers on Israel and the ancient Near East, New York : New York University Press, c1991, xvii, 464 p., ISBN: 081473037X and  0814730388 (pbk.);

GRETASON, Mark, "Crime, Guilt and Punishment in the Old Testament", (2001) number 147 Law & Justice: The Christian Law Review 140-145;

HAAS, Peter, " 'Die he shall surely die': The structure of Homicide in Biblical law", (1989) 45 Semeia 67-87;

HOYLES, J. Arthur, Punishment in the Bible, London 1986, 159 p.;

JACKSON, Bernard S. (Bernard Stuart), 1944-, "Reflections on biblical criminal law", (1973) 24(1) Journal of Jewish studies 8-38;

KORNFELD, W., "L'adultère dans l'Orient antique", (1950) Revue biblique 92-109;

KUGELMASS, Harvey J., Lex Talionis in the Old Testament, Ph.D. thesis, University of Montreal, 1982, 254 p.;

LILLIE, W., "Towards a biblical doctrine of punishment", (1968) 21 Scottish Journal of Theology 449-461;

L'HOUR, Jean, "1976 ‘Pour une enquête morale dans le Pentateuque et dans l'Histoire Deutéronomiste", dans Morale et Ancien Testament, Centre Cerfaux-Lefort, 1976 aux pp. 29-91;

____________ "Une législation criminelle dans le Deutéronome", (1963) 44(1) Biblica 1-28;

MAON, P., P. Maon, "Responsabilité", in Supplément au Dictionnaire de la Bible (fascicule 55), ed. H. Cazelles and A.   Feuillet (Paris, 1981), 357-366?;

____________Responsabilité et culpabilité solidaires dans les très anciennes institutions bibliques, thèse Université de Louvain, France, 1964;

MAYÈRE, Antoine, "La délinquance et la réaction sociale dans l'ancien et le nouveau testament", (1980) Revue de science criminelle er de droit pénal 237 et 277;

___________"La dynamique du châtiment dans la Bible", (1983) 105 Nouvelle revue théologique 567-586;

MILLER, James E., "Sexual offences in Genesis", (2000) 90 Journal for the study of the Old Testament 41-53;

MORSE-BOYCOTT, Desmond Lionel, 1892- , The Great Crimes of the Bible, London : Skeffington, c1936,  296 p.;

MOULE, C.F.D., "Punishment and retribution: an attempt to delimit their scope in New Testament thought" in: C.F.D. Moule, Essays in New Testament
Interpretation, Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press 1982, at pp. 235-249;

NEL RUEDA URIDE, Pedro, "Les délits intentionnels et par négligence, ainsi que le droit d'asile, dans l'ancien testament", (1964) 18(1) Revue internationale de criminologie et de police technique 167-174; note: version française par André D. Schmidt); copie à la bibliothèque de la Cour suprême du Canada, Ottawa;

PRITIKIN, Martin H., "Punishment, Prisons, and the Bible: Does 'Old Testament Justice' Justify our Retributive Culture?", (2006) 28(2) Cardozo Law Review 715-778;

RÉMY, P., "Peine de mort et vengeance dans la Bible", (1967) 19 Sciences ecclésiastiques 323-350;

SALZMANN,Bertram, textes réunis par, et traduit par Jean-Marc Babut, Histoires criminelles de la Bible, Société biblique française, 191 p., (Collection; Bible insolite; 2),  ISBN: 2-85300-928-9;

Regroupe 28 passages tirés de l'Ancien et du Nouveau Testament autour de la thématique de la criminalité, qu'il s'agisse de textes abordant la tromperie, l'escroquerie, le chantage, le racket, la persécution et le meurtre. Tous les extraits, issus de la«Bible en français courant»publiée en 1997 par la Société biblique française, sont accompagnés d'une introduction." (source:, vérifié le 18 décmbre 2008) 


SCHENKER, Adrian: La plus ancienne formulation de la peine avec sursis dans l'histoire du droit. La notion de peine avec sursis dans la Bible?", (2000) 6
Zeitschrift für Altorientalische und Biblische Rechtsgeschichte 113-126;

SCOTT, Ralph W., A New look at Biblical Crime, Chicago : Nelson-Hall, c1979,  xv, 211 p., bibliography at pp. 201-205; (Contents: 1- Homicide; 2. Sexual; 3. Miscellaneous Offenses); copy at St-Paul University, Ottawa,  BS 680 C7S36N4 1979;

see also under / voir aussi sous  Israel / Hebrew Law - Droit hébraïque

TAYLOR, E.L. (Stacey) Hebdon "Retribution, Responsibility and Freedom: The Fallacy of Modern Criminal Law From a Biblical-Christian Perspective", (1981) 44(2)  Law and & Contemporary Problems 51-82;

TROCHON, Albert, Les étrangers devant la justice française et les juridictions nationales des peuples anciens et modernes, Paris, A. Marescq aîné; [etc., etc.] 1867, iv, 398 p., et voir la "Judée" aux pp. 2-4; disponible à  et (vérifiés le 25 juin 2008);

VERDAM, "On ne fera pas mourir les enfants pour les pères en droit biblique" dans Mélanges Fernand de Visscher, Bruxelles : Office international de librairie, 1949, 2 volumes, voir le volume 2, aux pp. 393-416; note: En tête du titre: Revue internationale des droits de l'antiquité, v.2-3; copie à l'Université d'Ottawa, FTX General, KJA 147 .M435 1949  v.2;

WEISS, M., "Some Problems of the Biblical 'Doctrine of Retribution' ", (1961-62) 31 Tarbiz 236-263;

WELCH, John W. (John Woodland), A Biblical Law Bibliography : Arranged by Subject and by Author,  Lewiston, N.Y. : E. Mellen Press, 1990, 339 p., (series; Toronto studies in theology ; v. 51), ISBN: 0889468915; copy at University of Ottawa, Law Library, Ref.  BS 680 .L33 Z999 1990;

___________Biblical Law Cumulative Bibliography, 2005, 210 p., available at (accessed on 21 April 2006);


WHITE, Edward J. (Edward Joseph), 1869-1935, The law in the Scriptures : with explanations of the law terms and legal references in both the Old and the New Testaments, Union, N.J. : Lawbook Exchange, 2000, xxiv, 422, [17] p; reprint of: St. Louis, Mo. : Thomas Law Book Co., 1935; other reprints; copy at the Library of the Supreme Court of Canada;

WILLIAMS, Gary R., "Purpose of penology in the mosaic law and today", (January-March 1976) 133 Bibliotheca Sacra 42-55;

ZISKIND, Jonathan R., "When Two Men Fight Legal implication of Brawling in the Ancient Near East", available at (accessed on 2 October 2004);

2. Hebrew Law / Droit hébraïque

"Opening page of Ahavah (love), one of the fourteen books of Maimonides Mishneh Torah. Italy c. 1400"
(Geoffrey Wigoder, Encyclopedic Dictionary of Judica, New York--Paris: Leon Amiel Publisher, 1974, back cover of dust jacket)

APTOWITZER, Vigdor, "Observations of the criminal law of the Jews", (July 1924) 15(1) Jewish Quarterly Review 55-118; copy at St-Paul University, Periodicals BM40 J50;

AULD, "Cities of Refugee in Israelite Tradition", (1978) 10 Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 26-40;

AVINOR, Shaul, "The Fallacy of the Conventional Theory on the Historical Development of the Concept of Criminal Liability", (2004) 15 Criminal Law Forum 411-466;

BARMASH, Pamela, 1966-, Homicide in ancient Israel, the ancient Near East, and traditional societies, Thesis (Ph. D., Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, Harvard University, 1999, iv, 420 leaves;

BAUMGARTEN, Joseph M., "The cave 4 versions of the Qumran penal code", (1992) 43(2) Journal of Jewish Studies 268-276;

BAZAK, Jacob, "Is a consequence considered 'intended' when it is foreseen as highly probable? A comparative study in Halakha and in modern criminal law", in     Jewish Law Association. International Congress (1998 : Jerusalem),  Jewish Law Association studies.  [Part]  X: The Jerusalem 1998 conference volume / edited by H.G. Sprecher, Binghamton, N.Y. : Global Publications, State University of New York at Binghamton, 282 p. (series; Jewish Law Association papers and proceedings) (series; Judaic studies (Binghamton, N.Y.)), ISBN: 1586840282;

BENNY, Philip Berger, The Criminal Code of the Jews : According to the Talmud Massecheth Synhedrin, London : Smith, Elder, 1880, x, 133 p.; Repr.: Pall Mall Gazette; copy at Saint-Paul University, Ottawa, BM 523.9 C7B45C7 188; reprint in: Clark, N.J. : Lawbook Exchange, 2005, ISBN: 1584776641;  available at (accessed on 21 May 2007); also available at (accessed on 21 August 2008);

BENZIMRA, Eliahu C., Sorekh ve-hekhrah be-dine `onshin ba-mishpat ha-`Ivry : perek be-dine 'onsin / me'et 'Eliyahu S. Ben-Zimrah, Thesis (Doctor of Law)--Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 1975, 2 volumes; Title on added t.p.: Necessity and duress in Jewish criminal law; Table of contents and summary (49 leaves) in English;

BERKOWITZ, Beth Ann, Arguments for authority: Innovations to criminal execution in Rabbinic law,  Ph.D., Columbia University, 2001, 418 p.; advisor:  David Weiss Halivni;

___________Execution and Invention: Death Penalty Discourse in Early Rabbinic and Christian Cultures, New York : Oxford University Press, 2006, xii, 349 p., ISBN: 0195179196 and 9780195179194; limited preview at and,M1 (accessed on 8 March 2008);

"Bibliographie.  The Criminal Code of the Jews, etc.  Le code criminel des juifs [...] Par Philip Berger [...]", (1880) 9 La Critique philosophique politique, scientifique, littéraire 255-256; disponible à (vérifié le 31 août 2008);

BLAU, J., "Lex Talionis",  (1916) 26 Yearbook of the Central Conference of American 1;

BLEICH, J. David, "Jewish Law and the State's Authority to Punish Crime", (1990-91) 12 Cardozo Law Review 829-858;

BLOCK, Richard A., "'Death, Thou Shall Die': Reform Judaism and Capital Punishment", JRJ 30/2 (Spring  l983), 1-10;

BRAVER, Jehudah, "Criminal Law according to the Hebrew code", (1934) 2 Kansas City Law Review 104-107;

BUSS, Martin J., "The distinction between civil and criminal law in ancient Israel" in Proceedings of the Sixth World Congress of Jewish Studies, vol 1, held at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1973,  Jerusalem : World Union of Jewish Studies, 1977 at pp. 51-62; 

CHERRY, Richard R. (Richard Robert), 1859-1923, PDFLectures on the Growth of Criminal Law in Ancient Communities, London; New York: Macmillan, 1890, xi, 123 p.; see "Lecture III.  LAW OF SEMITIC RACES -- I.  HEBREW LAW", at pp. 40-51, pdf completed on 17 December 2006; also available at (accessed on 11 November 2008);

COHEN, Boaz, 1899-1968, "The so-called Juedisches Hehlerrecht in the light of Jewish law",  Historia Judaica, vol.IV, no.2, approx. 11 p.;

COHN, Haim H., "The Elements of Jewish Penology" in World Congress of Jewish Studies. (5th : 1969 : Jerusalem), Pinchas Peli, ed., Avigdor Shinan, ed., Proceedings of the fifth World Congress of Jewish Studies, [held at] The Hebrew University Mount Scopus -Givat Ram, Jerusalem, 3-11 August, 1969, Jerusalem : World Union of Jewish Studies, 1969, 5 v., at vol. 3, pp. 191-202;

___________ "The 'defense of legality' in talmudic law", (1987) 58 Hebrew Union College Annual 251-276;

___________"Is Hanging a Mode of Execution in Jewish Law?" (Heb.), Proceedings of the Eighth World  Congress of Jewish Studies, Division C (Jerusalem: World Union of Jewish Studies, 1982), 19-28;

___________"Penal Law" in Encyclopaedia Judaica, Jerusalem, Encyclopaedia Judaica; [New York] Macmillan [c1971-72, v. 1, c1972], 16 vol., at vol. 13, pp. 222-228; note: the article is signed "H.H.C."); copy at the University of Ottawa, MRT Reference: DS 102.8 .E496 1972;

___________"The Penology of the Talmud", (1970) 5(1) Israel Law Review 53-74;

DARESTE de la CHAVANNE, 1824-1911, Études d'histoire du droit, Paris : L. Larose et Forcel, 1889, xii, 419 p., voir le chapitre 2, "Le droit israélite" aux pp. 18-51; réimpression de ce livre: Amsterdam: Éditions Rodopi, 1971;

DARROW-KLEINHAUS, S., "The Talmudic Rule against self-incrimination and the American exclusionary rule: a societal prohibition versus an affirmative individual right", (2002) 21 New York Law School Journal of International and Comparative Law 205-227;

DEMBITZ, L.N., "Robbery" in The Jewish Encyclopedia, vol. 10 at pp. 434-437;

__________"Theft" in The Jewish Encyclopedia, vol. 12 at pp. 123-124;

DERSJOWITZ, Allan M., The Genesis of Justice : ten stories of biblical injustice that led to the Ten Commandments and modern law, New York : Warner Books, 2000, xi, 273 p., ISBN: 0446524794; see contents;

DISNEY, John, 1677-1730, A view of ancient laws against immorality and profaneness : ... collected from the Jewish, Roman, Greek, Gothic, Lombard, and other laws, down to the middle of the eleventh century, Cambridge [Cambridgeshire] : printed for Corn. Crownfield and John Crownfield : and are also sold by J. and J. Knapton, 1729; concerns offences against religion and sex offences;

DRAI, Raphael, Le mythe de la loi du talion, Nouv. ed. augm., Paris : Anthropos, c1996, xi, 241 p. (Collection; Collection "Psychanalyse"), ISBN: 2717830006;

DRAPKIN, Israel, 1905-, "Crimes and punishments in ancient Hebrew laws", in Ulrich Berz, Gerd Geilen, Rolf Dietrich Herzberg, Günter Warda, eds.,  Festschrift für Günter Blau zum 70, Berlin: de Gruyter, 1985, at pp. 613-628;

___________Crime and Punishment in the Ancient World, Lexington (Mass.): Lexington Books, c1989, xviii, 423 p., see "The Ancient Hebrew Criminal Law" at pp. 45-83, ISBN: 0669012793;

DU BOYS, Albert, 1804-1889, Histoire du droit criminel des  peuples anciens, depuis la formation des sociétés jusqu'à l'établissement du christianisme, Paris: Joubert, 1845, 717 p., voir les pp. 40-106; copie à l'Université de Montréal, Bibliothèque: L.S.H., Collection: Dépôt prôtégé, cote: 343.093 D818h; copie également Bibliothèque du Barreau de Montréal - Rayon 11,  34(09) D818n; disponible à,M1  (site visité le 16 août 2007); voir aussi à la p. 95 de (vérifié le 29 juin 2008);

DYKAN, P., "Nulla poena sine lege", Papers, 4th World Congress of Jewish Studies, 1967, 1, p. 268;

ELIASH, Ben Zion, "Negligent Homicide in Jewish Criminal Law: Old Wine in a New Bottle", (1988) 3 National Jewish Law Review 65-98;

ENKER, A., "Aspects of Interaction between the Torah Law, the King's Law, and the Noachide Law in Jewish Criminal Law", (1991) 12 Cardozo Law Review 1137-1156;

___________" Severing the Conjoined Twins: In Re A in Jewish Law"Conference Paper, International Society for the Reform of the Criminal Law, 2008, 10 p.;

EPSTEIN, Louis M., 1887-1949, Sex laws and customs in Judaism, New York, Bloch Pub. Co., 1948,  x, 251 p., bibliography at pp. 235-246;

FISHMAN, Clifford S., "The Mirror of Justice Lecture: 'Old Testament Justice'", (2002) 51(2) Catholic University Law Review 405-423;

FRIEDMANN, Daniel, 1936-, To kill and take possession : law, morality, and society in biblical stories, Peabody, Mass. : Hendrickson Publishers, c2002, xv, 327, ISBN:1565636414;

FUSS, Abraham M., ed., Studies in Jewish jurisprudence, New York : Hermon Press, 1976, xii, 298 p.; see  table of contents

GALINSKI, Myer, Pursue justice : the administration of justice in ancient Israel, London : Nechdim Press, c1983, xiii, 492 p.; copy at University of Ottawa;

GENAUER, M., The Treatment of Homicide in the Talmud, University of Washgington, Ph.D. thesis, 1970; 

GERSHON, M., Rape and Other Sexual Offences in the Hebrew law and in English law, LL.D. thesis, Jerusalem, Hebrew University, 1960; may be in Hebrew; not verified yet (20 August 2003);

GIONA, V., "Parallèle entre la responsabilité pénale dans le droit mésopotamien, hébreu, perse, indien et chinois", (1992) 14 Cuadernos informativos de derecho histórico público, procesal y de la navegación; cité par Stamatios Tzitsis, La philosophie pénale, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1996, 127 p., à la p. 57, note 2 (Collection "Que sais-je?";  no 3043), ISBN: 2130473490;

GOLDIN, Hyman Elias, 1881-, Hebrew Criminal Law and Procedure: Mishnah: Sanhedrin-Makkot, New York: Twayne Publishers, 1952, 308 p; copy at Saint-Paul University, Ottawa, BM 523.9 C7G65H4 1952;

GOOD, E.M., "Capital Punishment and Its Alternatives in Ancient Near Eastern Law", (1967) 19 Stanford Law Review 947-977;

GRAVES, Richard, 1763-1829, Lectures on the four last books of the Pentateuch; designed to show the divine origin of the Jewish religion; chiefly from internal evidence, 4th ed., Dublin, W. Curry, 1831, xxxi, 486 p., and see "The Penal Code of the Jewish Law conformable to its moral and religious system....", at pp. 146-160 (series; Donnellan lectures ; 1797, 1801); available at,M1 and (accessed on 18 January 2008);

GREENBERG, Moshe, "More reflections on biblical criminal law", (1986) 31 Scripta Hierosolymitana 1-17;

___________"Some postulates of Biblical Criminal Law" in Menahem Haran, ed., Yehezkel Kaufmann jubilee volume; studies in Bible and Jewish religion dedicated to Yehezkel Kaufmann on the occasion of his seventieth birthday, Jerusalem: Magness Press, Hebrew University, 1960, 114, 158, xii p.; at pp.5-28; copy at University of Toronto and University of Victoria in Toronto; article not read yet; with the same title in Essential Papers on Israel and the Ancient Near East (1991) 33; also with the same title in:  Duane L. Christensen, ed., A Song of Power and the Power of Song:  Essays on the Book of Deuteronomy, Winona: Winona Lake; Eisenbrauns; 1993 at pp.  283-300; also with the same title in: Frederick E. Greenspahn, ed., Essential Papers on Israel and the Ancient Near East, 1991;

GROSS, Joseph, "Trial by ordeal in ancient Hebrew law", (1937-38) 7 Detroit Law Review 78-102;

HALBERSTAM, Chaya, "Was Cain Innocent?  The Early Rabbis Interpret Guilt", in Matthew Anderson, Toward a critique of guilt: perspectives from law and the humanities, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2005, ix, 155 p., (series; studies in law, politics and society; 36), ISBN: 0762311894;

HARVARD UNIVERSITY, Notable Internet Resources 2003, "Jewish Law", 4 August 2003, available at  (accessed on 21 March 2004);

HEMPEL, Charlotte, "The penal code reconsidered" in Legal texts and legal issues, Leiden : E J Brill, 1997 at pp. 337-348 (Studies on the Texts of the Desert of Judah ; 23); deals with the Qumran MSS;

HIGGER, Michael, 1898-1952, "Intention in Jewish Law", in Edward M. Gershfield, ed., Studies in Jewish Jurisprudence, New York: Hermon Press, 1971, ISBN: 0872030288; copy at the University of Manitoba Libraries, Elizxabeth Dafoe Library, X381 G4 v. 1;

__________ Intention in Talmudic law, New York, 1927,  6 p. l., 15-65, [1] p., Thesis (Ph. D.), Columbia university, 1927;

INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR on the Sources of Contemporary Law: the Bible and Talmud and Their Contribution to Modern Legal Systems  (1st : 1983 : Jerusalem), Jewish law and current legal problems, edited by Nahum Rakover, Jerusalem : Library of Jewish Law, c1984, 253 p.;  notes; "Proceedings of the First International Seminar on the Sources of Contemporary Law: the Bible and Talmud and Their Contribution to Modern Legal Systems, Jerusalem, August 1983"; copy at McGill University;

JACKSON, Bernard S. (Bernard Stewart), 1944-, "An Aye for an I: the Semiotics of Lex Talionis in the Bible" in New approaches to semiotics and the human sciences : essays in honor of Roberta Kevelson, New York : P. Lang, c1998, at pp. 127 to approx. 150, ISBN: 0820438146;

___________ Essays in Jewish and comparative legal history,  Leiden : Brill, 1975, xiii, 288 p. (series; Studies in Judaism in late antiquity; 10), ISBN: 9004043330; Notes: Contents: Sources and problems - Reflections on Biblical criminal law - Principles and cases: the theft laws of Hammurabi - The problem of Exodus 21:22-5 (ius talionis) - The goring ox - Two or three witnesses - Testes singulares in early Jewish law and the New Testament - Liability for mere intention in early Jewish law - Foreign influence in the early Jewish law of theft - The fence-breaker and the actio de pastu pecoris in early Jewish law; available at
=o7tESEH5WRxF2sSQRaiPlYoQt34#PPA202,M1  and (accessed on 8 February 2008);

___________"Foreign Influence in the Early Jewish Law of Theft", (1971) 18 Revue internationale des droits de l'antiquité 99-116;

__________"Liability for Mere Intention in Early Jewish Law", (1971) 42 Hebrew Union College Annual 197-225; copy at Carleton University,  SER BM11.H4; copy also at St Paul University, Ottawa, Periodicals, BM 11 H43;

___________"The Problem of Exodus 21:22-5 (lus Talionis)", in B. S. Jackson, Essays in Jewish and Comparative Legal History, E.J. Brill, Leiden, 1975, xiii, 288 p. at pp. 75-107;

___________"Reflections on biblical criminal law", (September 1973)  24 Journal of Jewish Studies 8-38; with the same title in his book, Essays in Jewish and comparative legal history,  Leiden : Brill, 1975, xiii, 288 p., at pp. 25-63 (series; Studies in Judaism in late antiquity; 10), ISBN: 9004043330;

___________"Robbery", in P.J. Achtemeir, ed., Harper's Bible Dictionary, San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1985, at pp. 873-874;

___________Theft in early Jewish law, Oxford [Eng.] Clarendon Press, 1972, xviii, 316 p., bibliography at pp. 261-284; copy at University of Ottawa, Morisset Library - KL 176 .J325 1972;

JACOB, Walter, 1930-,  and Moshe Zemer, 1932-, eds., Crime and punishment in Jewish law : essays and responsa, New York ; Oxford : Berghahn, 1999, x, 139 p (series; Studies in progressive halakhah; 9), ISBN: 1571811974; copy at Carleton University, Ottawa, KBM.C74; limited preview in,M1 and (accessed on 2 March 2008);

Jewish Encyclopedia, 12 volumes, available at (accessed on 29 June 2008);

JEWISH LEGAL HERITAGE SOCIETY, THE, Bibliography on Penal Law: Punishments and Specific Crimes, available at (accessed on 15 March 2005); Bibliography on Criminal law, criminal procedure, crimes,  etc., available at (accessed on 15 March 2005); very important contribution;

Jewish Law Annual, see index at (accessed on 3 October 2004);

JOHNS, C. H. W. (Claude Hermann Walter), 1857-1920, The relations between the laws of Babylonia and the laws of the Hebrew peoples, London : Pub. for the British Academy by H. Milford, 1917, xv, 102 p.; available at (accessed on 27 July 2008);

JUNG, Moses, 1891-1960, "The Jewish law of theft", in Abraham M. Fuss, ed., Studies in Jewish jurisprudence / edited and with introduction by Abraham M. Fuss, New York: Hermon Press, 1976, xii, 298 p. (series; studies in Jewish jusrisprudence; vol. 4),  ISBN: 087203058X;

___________The Jewish law of theft with comparative references to Roman and English law, Philadelphia, The Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning, 1929, vi, 145 p.; note: Thesis (Ph. D.); available at (accessed on 28 June 2008);

KARO [CARO], Joseph ben Ephraim [Eben Haezer], 1488-1575, Code rabbinique publié en Espagne au XVI siècle, qui a fait l'objet d'une traduction méthodique en français de Sautyra [Sautayra] et Charleville, Mahir, 1814-1888 (1868, Alger) (Eben-Hezer et Hochem Hamispat); Code rabbinique; Eben Haezer tr. par extraits avec les explications des docteurs juifs, la jurisprudence de la cour d'Alger et des notes comparatives de droit français et de droit musulman, par E. Sautayra et M. Charleville, Paris, Challamel; [etc., etc.] 1868-69, 2 volumes en 1, 360 p.; notes: comprend vol. 1, Traités Ichoth et Kidouschin ; vol. 2, Traités Ketouboth, Guittin et Yiboum;

__________Jewish code of jurisprudence : Talmudical law decisions, civil, criminal and social / by Rabbi J. L. Kadushin, translator, 5th ed., New York : Jewish Jurisprudence Co., 1928-;

KENVIN, Helene Schwartz, Justice by the book : aspects of Jewish and American criminal law, New York : Women's League for Conservative Judaism, 1976, 107 p.; biblliography at pp. 101-103;

KIRSCHENBAUM, Aaron, "The Role of Punishment in Jewish Criminal Law: a Chapter in Rabbinic Penological Thought", in Martin P. Golding, 1930-, ed., Jewish law and legal theory, New York, NY : New York University Press, 1993, xviii, 578 p., chapter 22, at pp. 451 to approx. 474, (series; International library of essays in law and legal theory. Legal cultures; volume 4), ISBN: 0814730493;

KORNFELD, W., "L'adultère dans l'Orient antique", (1950) 57 Revue biblique 92-109; 

LAFONT, Sophie, "Le juge biblique", dans, sous la direction de, éd. Jean-Marie Carbasse – Laurence Depambour-Tarride, La conscience du juge dans la tradition juridique européenne, Paris, PUF, 1999, 344 p., aux pp. 19-48, ISBN: 2130499538; copie à l'Université d'ottawa, FTX General, KJC 3716 .C647 1999;

LAGARDE, Alphonse, Étude sur la législation des Hébreux, Toulouse; Société des livres religieux, 1865; disponible à (vérifié le 7 septembre 2010);

LE GENTIL, C. (Constant). Origines du droit: Essai historique sur les preuves sous les législations juive, égyptienne, indienne, grecques et romaine avec quelques notes touchant les lois barbares  et le vieux droit français, Paris: Durand, 1863,  xv, 420 p.; disponible à
&dq=droit+OR+p%C3%A9nal&lr=&as_brr=1#PPR3,M1  et (vérifiés le 26 décembre 2007);

LEMAIRE, André, "Essai sur le système pénal de l'ancien Israël", (1986) 11 Droit et cultures 110-122;

__________"La peine en droit hébraïque antique" dans La peine, Première partie: Antiquité / Punishment - First Part: Antiquity, Bruxelles: De Boeck Université, 1991, 199 p., aux pp. 51-75, (Collection; Recueils de la Société Jean Bodin pour l'histoire comparative des institutions; vol. 55), (series; Transactions of the Jean Bodin Society for Comparative Institutional History; vol. 55), ISBN: 2804115232; note 1 à la p. 51: "Cette étude reprend, en le remaniant, le complétant et le mettant à jour, notre article: 'Essai sur le système pénal de l'ancien Israël', Droit et cultures 11, 1986, pp. 110-122"; cet article dans les Recueils de la Société Jean Bpdin est très riche en références, à consulter;

__________"Vengeance et justice dans l'Ancien Israel" dans Raymond Verdier et Jean-Pierre Poly, Textes réunis et présentés par, La vengeance: Études d'ethnologie, d'histoire et de philosophie, volume 3 [de 4] - Vengeance, pouvoirs et idéologies dans quelques civilisations de l'Antiquité, Paris: Éditions Cujas, [160] p., aux pp. 13-33, ISBN: 22254850407; note: "Ouvrage publié avec le concours du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique et du Centre Droit et Cultures de Paris X - Nanterre"; copie à l'Université d'Ottawa;

LEVINE, Samuel J., "Capital Punishment in Jewish Law and its Application to the American Legal System: A Conceptual Overview", (1998) 29 St. Mary's Law Journal 1037;

LOISELEUR, Jules, Les crimes et les peines dans l'antiquité et dans les temps modernes: étude historique, Paris: Librairie L. Hachette, 1863, xii, 392 p., voir le Chapitre I. Les Hébreux, aux pp. 7-22 (§ 1. - Institutions criminelles et pénalité; § 2. - Le supplice de la croix); disponible à et (sites visités le 29 mai 2007);

MacKEY, Rev.Virginia, Punishment in the Scripture and Tradition of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, [New York?] : National Interreligious Task Force on Criminal Justice ; New York, NY : Available from Joint Strategy & Action Committee, 1983, x, 94 p.; also published in James M. Day and William S. Laufer. eds., Crime, Values, and Religion, Norwood, N.J. : Ablex Pub. Corp., c1987, vii, 271 p., at pp. 23-110 (Chapter 2), ISBN : 0893914118;

MAY, Herbert G., "Individual Responsibility and Retribution", (1961) 32 Hebrew Union College Annual 107-120;

McKEATING, H., "The Development of the Laws on Homicide in Ancient Israel", (1975) 25 Vetus Testamentum 46-68;

MENDELSOHN, Samuel, 1850-1922, The criminal jurisprudence of the ancient Hebrews; compiled from the Talmud and other Rabbinical writings, and compared with Roman and English penal jurisprudence,  [2d ed.],  New York : Hermon Press, [1968],  270 p. copy at St-Paul University, BM 523.9 C7M45C7 1968; there is a reprint of the 1891 edition (Baltimore : M. Curlander) by Union (New Jersey): Lawbook Exchange, 2002, ISBN: 158477150X; also the following edition: The criminal jurisprudence of the Jews / by Samuel Mendelsohn ; with a new introduction by Irwin H. Haut, New York : Sepher-Hermon Press, c1991, xi, 270 p. (series; Studies in Jewish jurisprudence; v. 6), ISBN: 0872031225; copy of the 1891 edition is available at (accessed on 8 August 2008);

MIELZINER, M. (Moses), 1828-1903, Legal maxims and fundamental laws of the civil and criminal code of the Talmud, Cincinnati, 1898, 37 p.; note: Part I;

MILGROM, J., "The Missing Thief in Leviticus 5:20ff.", (1975) 22 RIDA 71-85;

MINKOWICH, Meyer, Mistake of Fact as a Defense in Criminal Law of the Talmud and English Common Law, Ph.D. thesis, The Dropsie College, 1961;

The Mishnah, translated from Hebrew with introduction and brief explanatory notes by Herbert Danby, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1933, xxxii, 844 p.; copy at the Library of Parliament, BM497.5 E5 1933;



Baba Kamma ('The First Gate')...332
Baba Metzia ('The Middle Gate')...347
Baba Bathra ('The Last Gate')...365
Sanhedrin ('The Sanhedrin')...382
Makkoth ('Stripes')...401
Shebuoth ('Oaths')...408
Eduyoth ('Testimonies')...422
Abodah Zarah ('Idolatry')...437
Aboth ('The Fathers')...446
Harayoth ('Instructions')...461" (p. x)

MONNIOT, Albert, 1862-1938, Le crime rituel chez les juifs; préface d'Édouard Drumont, Paris : P. Téqui, 1914, x, 376 p., copie à l'Université St-Paul, BM 585 M65C7 1914;

MORGENSTERN, J., "Trial by Ordeal among the Semites and in ancient Israel" in Hebrew Union College Jubilee, Cincinnati, 1925, at pp. 11-143;

MUNK, Salomon, 1805-1867, Palestine : description géographique, historique et archéologique, Paris : F. Didot frères, 1845,  704 p.; copie à la Bibliothèque nationale du Canada;

NEUFELD, E., "Self-Help in Ancient Hebrew Law", (1958) 5 RIDA 291-2298;

NEUSNER, Jacob, " 'By the testimony of two witnesses' in the Damascus document IX, 17-22 and in Pharisaic-rabbinic law", (1973) 8(2) Revue de Qumran 197-217;

Note, "Justification and Excuse in the Judaic and Common Law: The Exculpation of a Defendant Charged With Homicide", (1977) 52 New York University Law Review 599-628;

NYPELS, Jean Servais Guillaume, 1803-1886, "Bibliographie: Essai sur l'histoire du droit des peuples anciens (Inde brahmanique, Egypte, Judée), par J.-J, Thonissen, professeur à l'Université catholique de Louvain, memnbre de l'Académie royale de Belgique. Bruxelles, Bruylant-Christophe et comp. — Paris, A. Durand et Pedone- Lauriel, 1869. In-8, 2 vol. exv-247 et 316 p.", (1870-71) Revue de législation ancienne & moderne française et étrangère 93-113; disponible à,M1 (vérifié le 24 janvier 2009);

___________Bibliothèque choisie du droit criminel (droit pénal et procédure criminelle) ou notice des ouvrages utilisés à connaître, publiés dans les principales contrées de l'Europe et aux États-Unis d'Amérique, sur cette partie dela science du droit; avec l'indication des sources du droit criminel, et des notes biographiques et critiques, Bruxelles: Bruylant-Christophe, 1864, 169 p.; voir le chapitre premier, "Droit des Hébreux ou Juifs", aux pp. 7-8; copie à l'Université de Montréal; PDF  i-ii et 1-82 et 83-169;

" I. -- Sources.

    31.  La source principale et immédiate du droit mosaïque est la Bible, qui est à la fois, et le livre de la religion et le livre de la loi.  Principalement la première partie, appelée: Livre de Moïse ou la Loi.  Elle compte cinq rubriques: Genèse, Exode, Lévitique, Nombres et Deutéronome, qui forment ensemble le Pentateuque.

    Les lois écrites dans le livre de Moïse trouvaient leur complément dans les traditions qui s'étaient transmises oralement de Moïse à ses successeurs immédiats et de ceux-ci au grand Sanhédrin [le tribunal de Jérusalem] et aux Rabbins.  Ces trraditions et les commentaires écrits par les docteur hébreux, sur le Pentateuque, forment le livre appelé: Mischna, c'est-à-dire loi orale ou répétée. La Mischna [Mishnah] ]a été rédigée par écrit, vers l'an 220 avant J.-C., par le Dr JEHUDA HAKADOSCH  [Judas Hadadouch; Judah le Prince; Rabbi Yehoudah le Prince] de l'école de Tibériade; elle comprend six sections, dont la quatrième est consacrée aux obligations et au droit pénal.

    La Mischna devint elle-même l'objet de commentaires et de gloses appelés Ghemara (1) [la Ghémare ou Gémare; Guemarah.  Ces gloses provenaient de deux écoles différentes et donnèrent naissance à deux compilations distinctes, l'une, faite à Jérusalem, vers la fin du IVe siècle; l'autre, à Sura, près de Babylone, vers l'an 520.  La réunion de l'une ou l'autre de ces gloses à la Mischna, forme le Talmud, c'est-à-dire le livre de la doctrine.  On appelle Talmud de Jérusalem ou Talmud de Babylone, selon que la Mischna y est accompagnée de la glose écrite à Jérusalem ou à Sura.  Le dernier a plus d'autorité.  Le Talmud est la seconde source du droit juridique; il est encore aujourd'hui la loi religieuse, et, dans quelques pays, aussi la loi civile des juifs.

    Le plus célèbre commentateur de Talmud, est MOSÉ-BEN-MAIMON¸dit Maimonides [Maïmonide (dit en arabe Ibn Maïmoun)], né à Cordoue, en 1155, mort en 1205, qui écrivit en arabe.  Mais son commentaire, trop philosophique aux yeux de ses correligionnaires, a joui de peu de crédit. [...]
(1) Il n'est pas sans intérêt de rappeler ici la défense faite par JUSTINIEN  (dans la novelle 146), de lire ces gloses dans les synagogues." (p. 8)

OPPENHEIMER, Aharon, "Jewish penal authority in Roman Judaea", in Martin Goodman, ed., Jews in a Graeco-Roman world, Oxford : Clarendon Press ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1998, ix, 293 p., ISBN: 0198150784;

OSTROW, Jonah, "Tannaitic and Roman procedure in homicide", (April 1958) Jewish Quarterly Review 352-370; with the same title in Abraham M. Fuss, ed., Studies in Jewish jurisprudence / edited and with introduction by Abraham M. Fuss, New York: Hermon Press, 1976, xii, 298 p. (series; studies in Jewish jusrisprudence; vol. 4),  ISBN: 087203058X;

PASSAMANECK, Stephen M., "Mayhem, Homicide, Pardon, and Forgiveness"  In  (1999-2000) 70-71 Hebrew Union College Annual 303-328;

PAULUS, A., Les Juifs avant le Messie, Paris, Bloud & Cie., 1905, 2 pts. in 1 v. 12mo. ( Science et religion. Etudes pour le temps présent);  Table des matières: Dans le pays de Chanaan 19 IV. - Condition des personnes. Le droit pénal 28 V. - La famille 40 VI; disponible à (vérifié le 4 janvier 2008);

PAULY, Jean de, 1860-1903, Code civil et pénal du judaisme. / Traduit sur l'original chaldéo-rabbinique par Jean de Pavly, Paris : E. Leroux, 1896, xii, 311 p.; copie à la Bibliothèque du Barreau de Montréal; disponible à (vérifié le 16 juin 2012);

PETERS, Edward M., "Prison  Before the Prison: The Ancient and Medieval Worlds" in Norval Morris and David J. Rothman, eds., The Oxford history of the prison : the practice of punishment in western society, New York : Oxford University Press, 1995, xiv, 489 p. at pp. 1-48, ISBN: 0195061535;

PHILLIPS, Anthony, Ancient Israel's Criminal Law, a New Approach to the Decalogue, New York: Schoken Books, 1970, viii, 218 p., ISBN: 063112280X;

___________"Another Look at Murder", (1977) 28 Journal of Jewish Studies 105-126;

___________"The Decalogue - Ancient Israel's Criminal Law", (1983) 34 Journal of Jewish Studies 1-20; also with the same title in : Christensen, Duane L., ed., A Song of Power and the Power of Song:  Essays on the Book of Deuteronomy, Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 1993, at pp. 225-246;

POOL, David de Sola, 1885-1970, Capital Punishment among the Jews: a paper read before the New York Board of Jewish MinistersNew York : Bloch, 1916, 51 p.; available at (accessed on 12 November 2007);

POUILLY, J., "L'évolution de la legislation pénale dans la communauté de Qumrân", (1975) 82 Revue Biblique 522-551;

PRÉVOST, M., "A Propos du Talion", Mélanges dédiés a la mémoire de Jacques Teneur, Lille: Université du Droit et de la Santé, 1977, vol. II., aux pp. 619-629;

RABBINOWICZ, Israel Michel, 1818-1893, Législation criminelle du Talmud, organisation de la  magistrature rabbinique, autorité légale de la Mischnah, ou, Traduction critique des traités talmudiques Synhedrin  et Makhoth et des deux passages du traité Edjoth, Paris : Imprimerie Nationale, 1876, [5], xxxvi, 231 p. ; copie à l'Université de Toronto et à McMaster University, Ontario; disponible à,M1 et (vérifiés le 26 mai 2008);

RABELLO, A. M., "The Responsibility of Minors in Jewish Criminal Law (Biblical and Talmudic Period and Notes of Comparison with Roman Law)", (1977) Acta Juridica 309-336;

RAPPAPORT, Solomon, "Le châtiment des enfants pour les fautes des parents dans l'exégèse et l'idéologie rabbiniques", (1933) 94 Revue des études juives 29-49;

RAVANEL-ABOUDRAR, Sophie, Responsabilité et aléa dans les villes de refuge bibliques, Paris: L.G.D.J., c1997,  xiv, 101 p. (Collection; Travaux et recherches Panthéon-Assas Paris II, droit, économie, sciences sociales. Droit);

ROLAND, René, De l'esprit du droit criminel aux différentes éspoques dans l'antiquité, dans les temps modernes et d'après les nouveaux principes de la science pénitentiaire, Paris : A. Rousseau, 1880, xiii, 552 p., et voir "Droit pénal des Hébreux", aux pp. 25-116; disponible à,M1et (vérifiés le 17 mai 2008);

ROSENBAUM, Stanley N., "Israelite Homicide Law and the Term 'Enmity' in Genesis 3:15", (1984) 2 Journal of Law and Religion 149;

ROSENBERG, Irene Merker, Yale L. Rosenberg, and S. Bentzion, "Murder by Gruma: Causation in Homicide Cases under Jewish Law", (2000) 80 Boston University Law Review 1017-1060;

ROSENBERG, Irene Marker and Y.L. Rosenberg, " 'Cain rose up against Abel and killed him': murder or manslaughter?", (2001) 30(1) Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law 37-70; copy at Ottawa Universuity, K 521 .G467, Location: FTX Periodicals;

ROSS, Paul L., "Lawyers and judges in Hebrew jurisprudence", (1933) 67 United States Law Review 19-26;

SCHENKER, Adrian, "La plus ancienne formulation de la peine avec sursis dans l’histoire du droit. La notion de peine avec sursis dans la Bible?", (2000) 6 Zeitschrift für Altorientalische und Biblische Rechtsgeschichte 113-126;

SCHIFFMAN, Lawrence H., Sectarian law in the Dead Sea scrolls : courts, testimony, and the penal code, Chico, Calif. : Scholars Press, c1983,  xv, 278 p. ; 23 cm., (Series:  Brown Judaic studies ; no. 33), ISBN:  0891305696 (pbk.);  0891305688 (hard); .

SCHONEVELD, J., "Le sang du cambrioleur : Exode 22:1,2" in Symbolae Biblicae et Mesopotamicae, Leiden : Brill, 1973 at pp. 335-340 (Studia Francisci Scholten Memoriae Dicata ; 4);

SCHREIBER, Aaron M., Jewish law and decision-making: a study through time, Philadelphia : Temple University Press, [1979],  xvi, 440 p. ; 29 cm.,  ISBN:  0877221200; subject: history of jewish criminal law;:

SCHWARTZ, Helene E., Justice by the Book : Aspects of Jewish and American Criminal Law,  New York : Women's League for Conservative Judaism, 1976, 107 p., bibliography at pp. 101-103, copy at St-Paul University; BM 523.9 C7S39J8 1976;

SINGER, Isodore, 1859-1939, and Cyrus Adler, 1863-1940, under the direction of (eds.),  The Jewish encyclopedia : a descriptive record of the history, religion, literature and customs of the Jewish people from the earliest times to to the present day ; prepared ... under the direction of Cyrus Adler ... [et al.] ; isidore Singer, projector and managing editor, assisted  by American and foreign boards of foreign boards of consulting editors, New York : Funk and Wagnalls, 1901-1906, 12 volumes; copy at St Paul University, Ottawa, Ref, DS 102.8 J48S5 1901; research note: see for examples, article by Mendelsohn, "Abetment", vol. 1, p. 54; Dembetz, "Acessories", vol. 1, p. 159;

SPECTOR, Theodore, "Some fundamental concepts of Hebrew criminal jurisprudence", (1924-25) 15 Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology and Police Science 317-322;

STEINMETZ, Devora, "Crimes and Punishments, Part I: Mitot Beit Din as a Reflection of Rabbinic Jurisprudence", (Spring 2004) 55(1) Journal of Jewish Studies 81-101; "Crimes and Punishments, Part II: Noachide Law, Brother-Sister Intercourse, and the Case of Murder", (Autumn 2004) 55(2) Journal of Jewish Studies 278-305; copy at St Paul University;

___________Punishment and Freedom: The Rabbinic Construction of Criminal Law Divinations: Rereading Late Ancient Religion, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008,  ISBN: 0812240685, 9780812240689;

STEINSALZ, Adin, "Criminal Law", in  The Essential Talmud Chaya Galai trans., New York : Basic Books, c1976, at pp. 163-174, ISBN: 0465020607; copy at the University of Ottawa, BM 503.5 .S8 1976;

STERN, Craig A., "Torah and Murder: The Cities of Refuge and Anglo-American Law", (2001) 35 Val. University Law Review 461; 

Studies in Jewish jurisprudence, Vol. 2, New York : Hermon Press, 1970, [315] p. in various pagings; Notes: Collection of articles originally appearing in various publications, 1911-1969;

SULZBERGER, Mayer, 1843-1923,  The Ancient Hebrew Law of Homicide, Philadelphia: J.H. Greenstone, 1915, 160 p.; NOTES: "The following lectures were read before the Dropsie college for Hebrew and cognate learning in the months of March and April, 1913." (Amicus catalogue, Library and Archives Canada); available at (accessed on 20 August 2007); also available at  and (accessed 15 June 2008);

___________"The Ancient Law of Homicide", (1914-1915) 5 Jewish Quarterly Review 127-161, 289-344, 559-614;

THONISSEN, J. J. (Jean Joseph), 1817-1891, Etudes sur l'histoire du droit criminel des peuples anciens (Inde Brahmanique, Egypte, Judée), Bruxelles, Bruylant-Christophe & comp; Paris, A. Durand & Pedone Lauriel, 1869, 2 v.; copie à l'Université de Montréal, 1-2 CCZD/C548e;
- vol. 1,
- vol. 2,,M1

__________ Études sur l'histoire du droit criminel : la peine de mort dans le Talmud, Bruxelles : impr. de M. Hayez, 1866, 77 p.; note: Extrait des Bulletins de l'Académie royale de Belgique 2e série, T. XXII, numéro 11, 1866?, à la p. 49, source: Bibliothèque nationale de France; sous le titre "La peine de mort dans le Talmud", dans Revue catholique,année 1866, à la p. 695 et à l'année 1867, aux pp. 15, 74 et 137 disponible à,M1 (vérifié le 13 octobre 2008);

___________"La Goël ou la vengeance de sang dans la législation mosaïque",  Bulletins de l'Académie royale de Belgique, 2e série, T. XX, 1865;

TRIPARD, C., Moïse ou les lois fondamentales des sociétés, l'histoire, les sciences et la philosophie d'après le Pentateuque, Paris, Jacques Lecoffre, 1858, vol. 3; disponible à (vérifié le 29 novembre 2008);

VACANDARD, Elphège, 1849-1927, Études de critique et d'histoire religieuse, Paris : J. Gabalda & cie, 1912, 3 vol.; voir "La question du meurtre rituel chez les Juifs";

VARGHA, Julius, "Defense in criminal cases with the ancient Hebrews", (1880) 1 Hebrew Review Cincinnati 254-268;

VISHNY, P.H., "The informer as a defendant in Jewish criminal procedure", in Abraham M. Fuss, ed., Studies in Jewish jurisprudence / edited and with introduction by Abraham M. Fuss, New York: Hermon Press, 1976, xii, 298 p. (series; studies in Jewish jusrisprudence; vol. 4),  ISBN: 087203058X;

WELCH, John W. (John Woodland), A Biblical Law Bibliography: Arranged by Subject and by Author,  Lewiston, N.Y. : E. Mellen Press, 1990, 339 p., (series; Toronto studies in theology ; v. 51), ISBN: 0889468915; copy at University of Ottawa, Law Library, Ref.  BS 680 .L33 Z999 1990;

WEINFELD, Moshe, 1925-, The organizational pattern and the penal code of the Qumran sect : a comparison with guilds and religious associations of the Hellenistic-Roman period, Fribourg, Suisse : Editions Universitaires; Gottingen : Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1986, 100 p., (Series; Novum testamentum et orbis antiquus; 2), ISBN: 3525539010 (Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht) and 3727803630;

WEINGORT, A., "Juge et sentence: la responabilité pénale en droit hébraïque et dans les droits du Proche-Orient ancien", (1993) 71 Revue historique du droit français et étranger 357-370;

WRIGHT, Julian H., "Modern Pardons: Lessons from the Hebrew Bible", (1992) numbers 114-115 Law & Justice: The Christian Review 109-125;

___________"Pardon in the Hebrew Bible and Modern Law", (Spring 1993) 3(1) Regent University Law Review;

"The concept of pardon has always been part of the American justice system, writes Julian H. Wright, Jr. But where did it come from? According to this article, the concept is biblically derived. Wright surveys biblical examples of pardon and compares them to specific instances of pardon in American history, various jurisprudential approaches taken by the United States Supreme Court and several philosophical approaches taken by academics. The article ends with a recommendation that a broad, unfettered pardoning power in the executive is most compatible with the Bible teaching on this issue." (source: ; accessed on 7 February 2003)

[Home -- Accueil]
[Main Page -- Criminal Law / Page principale -- droit pénal]