Bibliography, criminal law of  New Zealand; bibliographie, droit pénal de la Nouvelle-Zélande
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last  amendment: 08 January 2011

by © François Lareau, 2001-, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
New Zealand / Nouvelle Zélande

1. Codification

BROOKBANKS, W.J., "Criminal Law & Procedure", (1990) 4 New Zealand Recent Law Review 300-317, see "Crimes Bill" at p. 316 where Brookbanks writes: "It should be noted that the new Minister of Justice, the Hon. Doug Graham, has expressed reservations about the need for many far-reaching changes to criminal law contemplated in the Crimes Bill";

CAMERON, Neil and Simon France, "The [Crimes] Bill in cotext"  in Neil Cameron and Simon France, eds., Essays on Criminal Law in New Zealand:  Towards Reform?,  Wellington: Victora University of Wellington Law Review in conjunction with Victoria University Press, 1990, 243 p., at pp. 1-8, ISBN: 0864473206 (series; Victoria University of Wellington (VUW) Law Review Monograph 3); also published in (1990) 20(2) Victoria University of Wellington Law Review 1-8;

CAMPBELL, I.D., "Criminal Law" in J.L. Robson, ed., New Zealand: The Development of its Laws and Constitution, 2nd ed., London: Stevens & Sons, 1967, xx, 532 p., being chapter 11, at pp. 361-388  (series; The British Commonwealth: The Development of Its Laws and Constitutions; George W. Keaton, General Editor; vol. 4:  New Zealand);

CAMPBELL, I. G. (Ian Graham), 1945-, Mental disorder and criminal law in Australia and New Zealand, Sydney; Wellington : Butterworths, 1988, xlii, 236 p., ISBN: 0409788740 (N.Z) and 0409494828 (Aus.);  copy at the Library of the Supreme Court of Canada, Ottawa, KF 9242 C35;

CATO, Charles, "Violent offending and the Crimes Bill 1989: A criticism", (1989) The New Zealand Law Journal 246-253;

CLARK, Roger S., "Criminal code reform in New Zealand?  A Martian's view of the Erewhon Crimes Act 1961 with some footnotes to the 1989 Bill", (1991) 21 Victoria University of Wellington Law Review 1-33;

COOKE, Right Hon. Sir Robin, "The Crimes Bill 1989: A Judge's Response", [1989] The New Zealand Law Journal 235-243 (July 1989 issue);

Crimes Act 1961, avaiable at (accessed on 17 October 2005); also available at (accessed on 25 October 2007);

Crimes Bill 1989, May 1989;

CRIMES CONSULTATIVE COMMITTEE, Crimes Bill 1989 - Report of the Crimes Consultative Committee: Presented to the Minister of Justice, [Wellington], 1991, 123 p., ISBN: 0477076165, see pp. 20 on clause 30 "Necessity" and the "Crimes Bill - Proposed Amendments", "30. Necessity" at 95-96 (Chairman: Mr. Justice Casey);

FINN, Jeremy, "Codification of the Criminal Law: the Australasian parliamentary experience", in Barry S. Godfrey, Graeme Dunstall, eds., Crime and empire, 1840-1940 : criminal justice in local and global context, Cullompton, Devon, UK ; Portland, Or., USA : Willan Pub., 2005, xiii, 253 p.,  at p. 224 to approx. 238, ISBN: 1843921081 and 1843921073 (pbk.); limited preview available at
vugJ&sig=3mOCu2LmRtWCilO73HS7xCiq3Zk#PPR6,M1 and
&as_brr=3&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0 (accessed on 2 March 2008);

____________"Codification of the Criminal Law: The Australasian parliamentary experience", Christchurch, New Zealand: Comparative Histories of Crime Conference, Sep 2003, 23 p.; available at (accessed on 3 February 2009);

FRANCE, Simon, "Reforming Criminal Law - New Zealand: 1989 Code", [1990]Criminal Law Review 827-828;

GARROW, J.M.E. (James Mitchell Ellis), 1865-1935, Garrow and Caldwell's Criminal Law in New Zealand, The original text by J.M.E. Garrow, Sixt Edition by R.A. Caldwell, Wellington: Butterworths, 1981, xxxiii, 631 p., see "Introduction: History of the Crimes Act, 1961" at pp. 1-4, ISBN: 040960058X;

HANNAN, John, "Pragmatism and Principle in the Constitution of Change: The Criminal Law Reform Committee", (1988-1989) 13 New Zealand University Law Review 206-216;

The Law Commission ( established in 1985 (Law Commission Act 1985)  has published in he are of criminal procedure;

McMULLIN, The Rt. Hon. Sir Duncan, "The Work of the Law Reform Committee", (1988-1989) 13 New Zealand University Law Review 199-205;

NEW ZEALAND CRIMINAL LAW REFORM COMMITTEE, Wellington (N.Z.), 1972-1988, various reports etc.;

NEW ZEALAND, Law Commission, Mental Impairment Decision-Making and the Insanity Defence, Wellington, 2010, ISBN 978-1-877569-11-1 (series; report 120); discusses Canadian case-law; available at (accessed on 8 January 2011);

PALMER, Rt Hon G.W.R., "The reform of the Crimes Act 1961", in Neil Cameron and Simon France, eds., Essays on Criminal Law in New Zealand:  Towards Reform?,  Wellington: Victora University of Wellington Law Review in conjunction with Victoria University Press, 1990, 243 p., at pp. 9-21, ISBN: 0864473206 (series; Victoria University of Wellington (VUW) Law Review Monograph 3);  also published in (1990) 20(2) Victoria University of Wellington Law Review 9-21;

Parliamentary Debates, August 12 to September 22, 1885,  Wellington: Government Printer, 1885; see deabtes on "Criminal Code Bill", pp. 407-415; available at,M1 (accessed on 9 November 2008);

2. Textbooks and other Publications

ADAMS, Sir Francis Boyd., ed., Criminal Law and Practice in New Zealand, 2nd ed., Wellington, Sweet & Maxwell (N.Z.), 1971, lxxx, 1114 p.;

BROOKBANKS, Warren, "Insanity in the Criminal Law: Reform in Australia and New Zealand", (2003) The Juridical Review 81;

___________"Status in New Zealand of defences of provocation, diminished Responsibility and excessive self-defence with regard to domestic violence", being Appendix D in The Law Commission, Overseas Studies, which is part of the Appendices to the consultation paper, Partial Defences to Murder, 31 October 2003, xiii, 249 p. (series; consultation paper; number 173); this study by Brookbanks, at pp. 125-150, is available at (accessed on 27 April 2005); see also Appendix G, "Relevant Statutory Provisions and Proposed Provisions";

BROWN, M., "Serious offending and the management of public risk in New Zealand", (1996) 36(1) British Journal of Criminology, delinquency and deviant social behaviour 18-36;

BROWN, B.J., "Culpable Homicide, Endangerment and Aggravated Violence: New Crimes for the Times?", [1989] New Zealand Recent Law Review 299;

BURNETT, R.I.M. (Robert I.M.), Hard labour, hard fare and a hard bed : New Zealand's search for its own  penal philosophy, Wellington [N.Z.] : National Archives of New Zealand, 1995, 104 p., ISBN: 0477056997 (pbk.);

Butterworths Crimes Act 1961, Rev. 1999, 5th ed., Wellington, N.Z. : Butterworths, 1999, vi, 262 p., ISBN: 0408715510 (pbk.); spine title: Crimes Act 1961;

CAMERON, N.,  "National Monographs: New Zealand" in Cyrille Fijnault, ed. International Encyclopaedia of Laws, Criminal Law, The Hague, London, Boston: Kluwer Law International, 1993-, ISBN: 9065449374, forthcoming (as of 1 July 2002);

CAMERON, Neil and others, "The New Zealand Jury", (1999) 62 Law and Contemporary Problems 103-139;

CLARK, R.S., ed., Essays on criminal law in New Zealand; a series of lectures delivered at the Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, Sweet & Maxwell, 1971, [vi], 224 p., ISBN: 0457011904;

CONSEDINE, Jim, Restorative justice : healing the effects of crime, revised edition of 1995, Lyttelton, N.Z. : Ploughshares Publications, 1999, 200 p.;

Crimes update / presenter, Gerald Orchard, [Wellington]: New Zealand Law Society, [2001];

DOYLE, Michael William, Doyle and Hodge criminal procedure in New Zealand, 3rd ed. / by William C. Hodge ; with chapters on mentally disordered offenders and sentencing by Warren J. Brookbanks; with a foreword by M.J. Ruffin, Sydney : Law Book Co., 1991, xxiv, 283 p.,  ISBN: 0455210284 (pbk.); Rev. ed. of: Criminal procedure in New Zealand / Doyle. 2nd ed.1984;

GARROW, J.M.E. (James Mitchell Ellis), 1865-1935, Garrow and Caldwell's Criminal Law in New Zealand, The original text by J.M.E. Garrow, Sixth Edition by R.A. Caldwell, Wellington: Butterworths, 1981, xxxiii, 631 p., ISBN: 040960058X;

___________Garrrow  and Turkington's criminal law in New Zealand / the original text by J.M.E. Garrow Criminal law in New Zealand, Looseleaf ed. / by Gary L. Turkington ; managing editor, Stuart Coghill, Wellington, N.Z. : Butterworths, c1991-, 1 v. (loose-leaf), ISBN: 0409788430 (hbk.);

HALL, Geoffrey G., Hall on sentencing in New Zealand : a study of the principles of criminal sentencing and of the procedures relative thereto, incorporating a fully annotated text of the Criminal Justice Act 1985 and the regulations made  thereunder, and a consideration of the law and practice relating to appeals against sentence, Wellington: Butterworths ; St. Paul, Minn. : Mason Pub. Co., 1987, xxxiii, 446 p., ISBN: 0409601071;

HAY, Juliet, "Implementing the ICC Statute in New Zealand", (2004) 2 JICJ 191-210;

LAW COMMISSION [of New Zealand], Review of Part 8 of the Crimes Act 1961: Crimes against the Person, Wellington: Law Commission, 2009 (series; report 111); available at (accessed on 9 August 2010); 

McVEIGH, C.A., John Pike et al., (presenters), Criminal law & procedure after the Bill of Rights Act 1990, [Wellington, N.Z.] : New Zealand Law Society, [1995], 108 p.;

MIDSON, Brenda Rosalie and Wendy Ball, Criminal law; title on spine: Butterworths questions and answers criminal law, Wellington [N.Z.] : Butterworths, 2001, 150 p., ISBN: 0408716061 (pbk.);

MORRIS, Allison, "Youth Justice in New Zealand", in Michael Tonry and Anthony N. Doob, eds., Youth Crime and Youth Justice: Comparative and Cross-National Perspectives, Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2004, ix, 633 p., at pp. 243-292 (series; Crime and Justice; A Review of Research; Edited by Michael Tonry; volume 31), ISBN: 0226808653 and 0226808661 (pbk.); copy at the Library of the Supreme Court of Canada, Ottawa, HV 6001 C67 v. 31;

MULLINEUX, James, "A Comprehensive Crime of Fraud", (1999) 10(3) Criminal Law Forum 281-315;


NEW ZEALAND LAW COMMISSION,  Battered defendants : victims of domestic violence who offend : a discusion paper, Wellington, N.Z. : The Commission, 2000, vii, 75 p.  (series; Preliminary paper; number 41), ISBN: 1877187542 (pbk.);

___________Community safety : mental health and criminal justice issues, Wellington, N.Z. : Law Commission, [1994], vii, 167 p. (series; report; number 30); also published as Parliamentary paper E 31V;

___________ Criminal prosecution, Wellington: Law Commission, 2000 (series; Report; ISSN 0113-2334; 66), ISBN: 1877187585; also published as Parliamentary Paper E 31 AY;

_________Costs in criminal cases, Wellington, N.Z. : The Commission, 2000 (series; Report; ISSN 0113-2334; 60), ISBN: 187718747X ; also published as Parliamentary paper E 31AT;

__________Juries in criminal trials, Wellington: Law Commission, 2001, (series; Report; ISSN 0113-2334 ; 69), ISBN: 1877187690; also published as Parliamentary Paper E 3169;

__________ Simplification of criminal procedure legislation : an advisory report to the Ministry of Justice, Wellington, N.Z. : The Commission, 2001, (series; study paper; ISSN: 1174-9776; 7), ISBN: 1877187658;

___________Some criminal defences with particular reference to battered defendants, Wellington: Law Commission, 2001, (series; Report / Law Commission, ISSN 0113-2334 ; number 73), ISBN : 1877187739;


ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT (OECD), Country Reports on the Implementation of the Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions and the 1997 Revised Recommendation; see the list of reports available at,2340,en_2649_34855_1933144_1_1_1_1,00.html and the report of New Zealand at (accessed on 5 January 2004); also published in French / aussi publié en français: Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques (OECD), Rapports par pays sur la mise en oeuvre de la convention sur la lutte contre la corruption d'agents publics étrangers dans les transactions commerciales internationales et la recommendation révisée de 1997, voir la liste des rapports disponibles à,2340,fr_2649_34855_2759409_1_1_1_1,00.html et le rapport sur la Nouvelle-Zélande à (visionnés le 5 janvier 2004);

OSNER, Nigel, 1948-, Anne Quinn and Giles Crown, eds., Criminal justice systems in other jurisdictions, London : HMSO, c1993, iv, 232 p., see Part 12, "New Zealand" at pp. 157-171, ISBN: 0113410824; note: At head of  title: "The Royal Commission on Criminal Justice"; study covers in different parts of the book: Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, The Republic of Ireland, Israel, Italy, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain, Sweden, The United States of America; based on answers to a questionnaire; areas covered for most of the countries and generally are: police investigations, evidence, prosecution, disclosure, expert evidence, pre-trial procedures, detention pre-trial (or statistics for detention in custody), juries, trial, previous convictions, appeals,training, recet changes/reforms;

PETERSSON, Sandra, "New Zealand Bibliographty of Women and the Law 1970-2000", (2001) 32 Victoria University of Wellington Law Review i-lxxxiv;

ROBERTSON, J. Bruce, Adams on Criminal Law - Student Edition, Wellington (New Zealand): Brookers, 1996 (reprint 1997), xcviii, 917 p.,ISBN: 086472215X; research note: excellent textbook on the criminal law of New Zealand;  note that there is now a 2nd ed., ISBN: 0864722826, 1132 p.;

___________ed., Essays on criminal law : a tribute to Professor Gerald Orchard / consulting editor J. Bruce Robertson, Wellington [N.Z.] : Brookers, c2004, x, 196 p.;:

SIMESTER, A.P., Warren J. Brookbanks, and Gerald Orchard, Principles of criminal law with a chapter on Culpable Homicide by Gerald Orchard, Wellington: Brooker's, 1998, lv, 686 p., ISBN: 0864722818; 2nd ed., Wellington, N.Z. : Brookers., c2002, lxxiii, 766 p.; copy at the Library of the Supreme Court of Canada, KF9220 ZE2 S56 2002;

STEPHENS, Timothy, Criminal law, 3rd ed., Wellington, N.Z. : Butterworths, 2001,  xvi, 181 p., ISBN:  0408715987 (pbk.);

TURKINGTON, Gary, Garrow and Turkington's Criminal Law,  Butterworths, ISBN: 0409 788430, one looseleaf volume;

WEBB, Patricia M. (Patricia Mary), 1920-, A history of custodial and related penalties in New Zealand, Wellington, N.Z. : Government Printer, 1982, 197 p. ISBN:    0477011969 (pbk.);

WHITE, "The Making of the New Zealand Criminal Code of 1893: A Sketch", (1986) 16 Victoria University of Wellington  Law Review  353;

WILLIAMS, Charlotte, 1944-, The too-hard basket : Mäori and criminal justice since 1980, Wellington, N.Z. : Institute of Policy Studies, 2001, ISBN: 090893551X;

YOUNG, Warren, "World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems -- New Zealand", U. S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, circa 1992, available at (accessed on 10 April 2004);

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