Bibliography, criminal law of  Nigeria; bibliographie, droit pénal du Nigéria
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last amendment: 25 September 2009

by © François Lareau, 2001-, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Nigeria / Nigéria

ADESIYAN, D.O. (David Odunola), 1934-1991, An accused person's rights in Nigerian criminal law, Ibadan : Heinemann Educational Books (Nigeria), 1996,  xiii, 161 p., (series; Heinemann studies in Nigerian law), ISBN: 9781293055;

ADETIBA, Sade, ed., Nigeria. Federal ministry of justice, National Conference on Criminal Justice: Restitution, Compensation, and Remedies for Victims of Crimes (Abuja, Nigeria ; 1989), Compensation and remedies for victims of crime,  [Abuja, Nigeria] : Federal Ministry of Justice, 1990, xxxiv, 347 p., (series; Federal Ministry of Justice law review series ; vol. 5); Notes: Cover title: Compensation and remedies for victims of crime in Nigeria. - Proceedings of the National Conference on Criminal Justice: Restitution, Compensation, and Remedies for Victims of Crimes held at Abuja, June 28th and 30th, 1989, and sponsored by the Federal Ministry of Justice, Nigeria. - Includes bibliographical references a    nd index), ISBN: 978243907X;

ADEWALE, Omobolaji, "National Report -- Nigeria", in Günter Heine, 1952-, Mohan Prahbu, and Anna Alvazzi del Frate, eds., Environmental protection : potentials and limits of criminal justice : evaluation of legal structures,  Freiburg im Breisgau: Edition Iuscrim; Rome, Italy : UNICRI, 1997, x, 530 p., at pp. 313-340 (series; Beiträge und Materialien aus dem Max-Planck-Institut für Ausländisches und Internationales Strafrecht Freiburg i. Br.; Bd. S  68) (series; Publication / UNICRI ; no. 56); ISBN: 3861139588 (Edition Iuscrim) and 9290780320 (UNICRI); notes: Materials presented at a workshop held at the Ninth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Cairo, 29 April-8 May 1995); available at (accessed on 18 December 2003);

AGBEDE, I. Oluwole, Legal pluralism, Ibadan, Nigeria : Shaneson C.I., 1991, xxii, 300 p.,  ISBN:  0978240035; note: Derived from the author's thesis (Ph.D.)--University of  London;

AGOMOH, Uju and and Edetaen Ojo, Directory of penal reform NGOs in Nigeria, Lagos, Nigeria : National NGOs Coalition on Penal Reform, 1998, iv, 91 p., ISBN: 9783480812;

AGUDA, T. Akinola ((Timothy Akinola), 1923-, The criminal law and procedure of the southern states of Nigeria, 3rd ed., London : Sweet & Maxwell, 1982,    lxxxiv, 1061 p. (series; Nigerian practice library), ISBN: 042124920X;

__________ Principles of criminal liability in Nigerian law / by T. Akinola Aguda. With a foreword by Adeyinka Morgan, [Ibadan] : Ibadan University Press, 1965, xxxviii, 329 p.; Based on doctoral thesis, University of London; 2nd ed., by T. Akinola Aguda and Isabella Okagbue, Ibadan : Heinemann Educational Books Nigeria PLC, 1990, 421 p. (series; Heinemann studies in Nigerian law), ISBN: 9781292970;

AIYUDUBIE, Entity F., Know your rights, [Benin City?] : Specific World-Wide,   [between 1990 and 1993], 40 p.;

AJIBOLA, Bola, General Editor and Yemi Osinbajo, Volume Editor, Unification and reform of Criminal Laws and Procedure Codes of Nigeria,Lagos : Malthouse, c1990, xii, 276 p.,  (series; Federal Ministry of Justice law review series), ISBN: 9782601497;

AJOMO, M.A., and Isabella Okagbue, eds., Human rights and the administration of criminal justice in Nigeria,  Lagos : Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, 1991, xvi, 372 p : ill   (Series: N.I.A.L.S. research series ; no. 1), ISBN: 9782353272;

AJOMO, M. Ayo, ed., Fundamentals of Nigerian law, Lagos: Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, 1989, (series; NIALS law series; 2);

AKAKWAM,  Philip A. (Philip Anaekperechi), 1965-, The relevance of customary criminal justice system in the criminal justice administration of Nigeria, Thesis, Faculty of Law, Queen's University, Kingston, Ont., 1993, vi, 191 leaves;

AKPOTAIRE, Vincent, Criminal law in Nigeria, Akure : Sylva Publications Ltd., 1999 (series; Monograph series ; vol. 1), ISBN: 9783458795;

AMUCHEAZI, E.C. (Elochukwu C.) and Olajide Olatawura, eds., The judiciary and democracy in Nigeria, Abuja : National Orientation Agency, 1998, 198 p., ISBN: 9782952001; text not consulted;

ANONYE, Iheanyi Okechuks Paschal, The responsibility of manslaughter with special reference to the Nigerian criminal law : excerpta ex dissertatione ad doctoratum in jure civile, Roma : Pontificia universita lateranense, 1996, xxi, 65 p.; note: Estr. dalla tesi di dottorato. - In testa al front.: Pontificia universitas lateranensis, theses ad doctoratum in jure civile; copy at St-Paul University, Ottawa, BQV 104 L3A56R4 1996;

ANYEBE, A.P., Customary law : the war without arms, Enugu, Nigeria : Fourth Dimension Publishers, 1985, 159 p., ISBN:  978156184X (pbk.); text not consulted;

AREMU, L.O., "Criminal responsibility for homicide in Nigeria and supernatural beliefs", (1980) 29 International and Comparative Law Quarterly 112-131;

ASUNI, Tolani, "Nigeria"  in Adelmo Manna, Ryosuke Kurosawa and Koichi Hamai, eds., Pathways to the Management of Mentally-ill Offenders in the Criminal Justice System, Rome : United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute, [1993],  iv, 263 p., at pp. 171 to approx. 176 (series; Publication; United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute; number 48), ISBN: 9290780224;

BADAIKI, A.D., Development of customary law, Mushin, Lagos, Nigeria : Tiken Publishers, 1997, 64 p., ISBN:  9783364235; text not consulted;

BAIRAMIAN, V.R. (Vahe R.), Sir, 1900-, Criminal procedure and evidence in Nigeria : synopsis of reported judgments of the Supreme Court 1963  to 1966, Lagos, Nigeria] : [Sir A. Ademola], [1971],  xii, 68 p ;

__________Synopsis no. 2, based on decisions of the Supreme Court of Nigeria : interpretation of written law; appeals to the Federal Court of Appeal; appeals to the Supreme Court; criminal procedure and evidence; res judicata : notes, [Lagos] : Federal Government Printer, [1979], xiii, 285 p.; Notes: Based on Supreme Court cases in 1 All Nigeria law reports and monthly instalments, 1967-1977;

BAMGBOSE,  Oluyemisi, "Towards the Global Abolition of the Death Penalty: The Criminal Law in the United States and Nigeria", (2007) 13(1) East Africa Journal of Peace & Human Rights 30 to approximately 53; 

BARROW, S.V., "Nigerian Justice: Death-by-Stoning Sentence Reveals Empty promises to the State and the International Community", (2003) 17(3) Emory International Law Review 1203-1249;

BIRNBAUM, Michael, Nigeria, fundamental rights denied : report of the trial of Ken Saro-Wiwa and others, London : Published by ARTICLE 19 in association with the  Bar Human Rights Committee of England and Wales and the Law Society of England and Wales, [1995], vi, 80 p., ISBN: 1870798929;

BREITINGER, Eckhard, ed., African and western legal systems in contact, Bayreuth, W. Germany : Bayreuth University, c1989, 89 p. (series; Bayreuth African studies series 0178-0034 11), ISBN:  3927510017; text not consulted;

BRETT, Sir Lionel and McClean, Ian, The Criminal Law and Procedure of Lagos, Eastern Nigeria and Western Nigeria, London, 1963, lxxiii, 992 p.; new edition  by / by C.O. Madarikan and T. Akinola Aguda, Brett and McLean's The criminal law and procedure of the six southern states of Nigeria,  London : Sweet & Maxwell, 1982, lxxxiv, 1061 p. (series; Nigerian practice library);

BULUMO, Sigismund O,A, Akin, "Nigeria" in Donald J. Shoemaker, ed., International Handbook on Juvenile Justice, Westport (Connecticut): Greenwood Press, 1996, xv, 327 p., at pp. 220-239, ISBN: 031328895X; copy at Ottawa University, MRT General, HV 9069 .I665 1996;

CHUKKOL, Kharisu Sufiyan, Defences to criminal liability in Nigerian law : a critical appraisal,  Zaria : Printed by Ahmadu Bello University Press, [between 1980 and 1988], xiii, 135 p., ISBN: 9781250429;

___________The law of crimes in Nigeria, Zaria : A.B.U. Press, [1988], xx, 275 p., ISBN: 9781250666;

___________"The reasonable man: Does he ''exist'' under the penal code?", (1984) 12 Nigerian Law Journal 39-47;

___________Supernatural beliefs and the criminal law in Nigeria : a critical appraisal, Zaria : Ahmadu Bello University, 1981, 38 p.;

Criminal code of Nigeria : 1948 revision, [Lagos] : Government Printer, [1948], 202 p.;

Criminal Code Act, available at (accessed on 19 September 2002);

Criminal law reports of Nigeria / editor: Chief Gani Fawehinmi, Lagos : Nigerian Law Publications, 1989-, ISSN: 9782325465; Notes: To be cited as: (1989) 1 C.L.R.N.;

DAMBAZAU, Abdul-Rahman Bello, 1954-, Law and criminality in Nigeria : an analytical discourse, Ibadan : University Press Plc, 1994, xiii, 170, [55] p., bibliography at pp. 157-170,  ISBN: 9872494755;

DAWHA, Emmanuel M. K., 'Yan Daba, 'Yan Banga, and 'Yan Daukar Amarya : a study of criminal gangs in Northern Nigeria, Ibadan : IFRA : African Book Builders, 1996, v, 30 p. (series; Occasional publication (Institut francais de recherche en Afrique) ; no. 9), ISBN: 9782015474;

DEAN, W. H. (William Henry), 1907-, Evidence in Nigerian criminal law, London, Sweet & Maxwell, 1964, xv, 141 p.; notes: "Based on Bunn's Evidence in criminal cases."; "The Evidence act ... 1945" : p. 61-137;

Digest of justice and crime statistics, 1967-1978 / Bendel State, Benin City, Bendel State : Ministry of Economic Development, Statistics Division, [1981], 2, 46 leaves;

DOHERTY, Oluwatoyin, 1955-, Criminal procedure in Nigeria : law and practice, London : Blackstone, 1990, xxix, 494 p., ISBN: 1854311131 (pbk) and 185431114X;

EBBE, Obi N Ignatius, ed., Comparative and international criminal justice system: policing, judiciary and corrections, Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann, 1996, xviii, 224 p., ISBN: 0750696885; copy at Ottawa University, MRT General, HV 7419 .C65 1996;

___________Crime in Nigeria: An Analysis of Characteristics of Offenders Incarcerated in Nigerian Prisons, Ph.D. thesis, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, 1981, 274 p.;

__________"World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems -- Nigeria", U. S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, circa 1992, available at (accessed on 10 April 2004);

EDEKO, S. E. (Sunday Ebalunegbe), Essays on criminal proceedings in Nigeria, Agbor (Delta State, Nigeria) : Pon Publishers, 1997, xxiii, 192 p., ISBN: 978292816X; note: includes  bibliographical references (p. 189) and index; notes on author: S. E. EDEKO, LL.B. (Hons.), LL.M., Ph.D., B.L., P.O. Box 899 Ekpoma, Edo State Nigeria, e-mail:; Department of Jurisprudence & International Law, Faculty of Law, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State; see biliography;

___________Fundamental Issues in Nigerian Constitutional Law, Benin City: Anointed Tesa Printing Press, 2002, x, 233 p., ISBN: 9783281629; note: Anointed Tesa Printing Press, 24B, Nekpenekpen Street, Benin City, tel. 08023052541;



3.    THE RULE OF LAW...39
11.  THE JUDICIARY...183
14.  FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS...226"  (p. v)

___________Introduction to the Law of Evidence, Agbor (Delta State): PON Publishers, 2003, xiv, 226 p., ISBN: 9783509763; note: Printed by Anointed Tesa Printing Press, Bebin City;

1.    Introduction...1
2.    Relevancy and Admissibility...10
3.    The Doctribne of Res Gestae...18
4.    Admissions...25
5.    Confessions...35
6.    Opinion Evidence...47
7.    Presumptions...62
8.    Estoppel...71
9.    Hearsay Evidence...83
10.  Character Evidence...92
11.  Burden of Proof...100
12.  Privilege...105
13.  Wrongful Admission and Rejection of Evidence...111
14.  Documentary Evidence under Section 91 of the Evidence Act...115
15.  Similar facts Evidence...121
16.  Corroboration...126
17.  Competence and Compelability of...136
    APPENDIX: EVIDENCE ACT...143" (p. vi)

___________Introduction to the Study of Legalogy, Benin City: Anointed Tesa Printing Press, 2003, x, 281 p., see Chapter 6, "Criminal and Civil Legislation", at pp. 52-57, ISBN: 97887625;



The Meaning of Legalogy

    It is necessary to begin by proposing a definition of legalogy and its subject matter.  The word legalogy comes from a combination of two words -- 'legal' and '-logy'.  The 7th Edition of Black's Law Dictionary partly defines 'legal' as relating to law or falling within the province of law.  And the New Webster's Dictionary of the English Language defines '-logy' as the science of or study of.  Therefore, legalogy could be defined as the study or the science of law.  It could be defined as the branch of science, which falls within the jurisdiction of law.  In effect, and in its positive essence, it is the technology of law or a practical approach to the study of law.  Moreover, it is the scientific study of legal determination of human existence and a semblance of the existential determination of laws.

    In this cradle of legalogy, the course must concern itself with the positive science of law.  Accordingly, the scope of the subject covers the nature and essence of law, natural law and rights, legislation and the authority from whom legislation emanates, the privileges and immunities of the legislator from whom legislation comes, the elemental concepts of the law and the procedure for the making of legislation." (p.1 of the book)




7.   NATURAL LAW...58
[INDEX ...280]

EDEKO, E. S., and E. Unomah, Nigerian Criminal Law, Benin City: Tide Publishers, 2003, xii, 148 p., ISBN: 9783509721;


1.   Introduction...1
2.   General Defences I...5
3.   General Defences II...17
4.   Parties to an Offence...32
5.   Attempts and conspiracies...45
6.   Homicide in General...52
7.   Murder...61
8.   Manslaughter...72
9.   Robbery...89
10. Burglary...93
11. Assault...96
12. Rape...99
13. Stealing...104
14. Obtaining by false pretences...109
15. Treason...115
16. Sedition...118
17. Bigamy...122
18. Receiving stolen property...125
19. Demanding with menaces...130
20. Fraudulent false Accounting...133
21. Forgery...136
22. Corruption...141
23. Perjury...145"

EHINDERO, S.G. (Sunday Gabriel), 1946-, Police and the law in Nigeria, Jos, [Nigeria] : Ehindero (Nig.) Ltd, 1989, xxv, 158 p., ISBN:  ISBN: 9783023608, ; notes: Originally published: Lagos : Times Press, 1986;

EKPENYONG, Roselin A., "Nigeria"  in  Major Criminal Justice Systems : A Comparative Survey edited by George F. Cole, 1935-, Stanislaw J. Frankowski, Marc G. Gertz ;  foreword by Gerhard O.W. Mueller, 2nd ed.,  Newbury Park, Calif. : Sage Publications, c1987,  288 p. at pp. 71-103  (series; Sage focus editions ; vol. 32),  ISBN: 0803925964 ; 0803925972 (pbk.); Research Note: important bibliography on Nigerian criminal law at pp. 266-270;

EKUNDAYO, A.A.M., Constitutional provision of nolle prosequi : a blessing or a curse, Lagos : Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, 1988, 35 p., ISBN: 9782353116;

ELAIGWU, J.I. "The Shadow of Sharia Over Nigerian Federalism", (2003) 33(3) Publius 123-144;

ELIAS, T.O. (Taslim Olawale), Groundwork of Nigerian law, London, Routledge & Paul [1954], xxx, 374 p.; text not consulted;

___________The impact of English law on Nigerian customary law : a  reprint  of the 1958 Lugard Lectures, Ann Arbor, Mich. : University Microfilms International, 1981, 32 p.; note: Photocopie de l'éd. originale : Lagos, Nigeria : Ministry of Information, 1958; text not consulted;

___________The Nigerian legal system, 2d. ed., London, Routledge & Paul, 1963, 386 p.;

___________ed., The Nigerian magistrate and the offender; papers from a conference held by the Faculty of Law, University of Lagos, July, 1970, Benin City, Nigeria, Ethiope Pub. Corp. [1972], viii, 130 p. (series; Ethiope law series, no. 1);

ESO, Kayode, 1925-, Nigerian law and human rights : the Nigerian judiciary : what vision for the 21st century?, Lagos : Faculty of Law, University of Lagos, 1997, 73 p.;

ESSIEN, Obot, A., Protection of individual rights from arrest to trial in Nigeria and the U.S.: a comparative study, M.C.J. Diss., Howard University, 1972; also available in the series: William S. Hein's & Co., Inc., Legal Theses and Dissertations Microfiche Project,  number 009-00038;

FAKAYODE, Emmanuel Olawuyi, The Nigerian criminal code companion with a foreword by T. O. Elias, Benin, Nigeria : Ethiope Pub. Corp., 1977, xlii, 260 p.;

FARUK ABDULLAHI, Umar, "Inter Relations Between Common Law and Sharia Law"; paper submitted at the 20th Anniversary Conference of the International Society for the Reform of Criminal Law held in Vancouver, Canada from June 22 – June 26, 2007, available at  (accessed on 9 September 2007);  the author is a Justice of the Court of Appeal, Nigeria;

FOWLER, Irene Omoyeni, A criminal misfit, Thesis (LL.M.), Harvard law school, 1979, 43 leaves; .

GLEDHILL, Alan, "The Indian Penal Code in the Sudan and Northern Nigeria", (1960) Year Book of Legal Studies 17-29;

___________The Penal Code of Northern Nigeria and the Sudan, London, 1963, lii, 820 p. (series; Law in Africa ; no. 8);

GLOSTER, Patricia Carolyn, The Evolution of Malik I Law in Northern Nigeria, 1930-1960, Thesis (PH.D.), Columbia University, 1987. 281 p.;

HALL, Clifford, “A Defence of the Doctrine of Transferred Malice: Its Place in the Nigerian Criminal Code”, (1985) 34 International and Comparative Law Quarterly 805-818;

HEDGES, Robert Yorke, 1903-, Introduction to the criminal law of Nigeria, excluding the northern region,  London : Sweet & Maxwell, 1962, xiii, 332 p. (series; Law in Africa; number 3) ;

IBEZIAKO, E. Akudo, An outline of the defence of bona fide claim of right : illustrated with some criminal law cases,  [s.l. : s.n., pref. 1973] (London : Eastern Press), x, 116 p.;

IKE, Obiora, ed., The fantasy of human rights, Enugu, Nigeria : Catholic Institute for Development, Justice, and Peace, 1997, 325 p., ISBN:  9783313894;

INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION OF JURISTS (1952- ), Nigeria and the rule of law : a study, Geneva, Switzerland : The Commission, c1996, 239 p., ISBN: . 9290370939 (pbk.); text not consulted;

INTERNATIONAL LEGAL RESEARCH HOUSE, Burning issues in civil and criminal procedure and practice : essays in honour of Hon. Justice Omotunde Ilori Chief Judge of  Lagos State, Lagos : International Legal Research House, 1999, xlii, 415 p., ISBN: 978028656X;

JEGEDE, Oluremi, Nigerian legal bibliography: a classified list of materials related to Nigeria, 2nd ed., Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.: Oceana, 1983, ix, 332 p., ISBN: 0379208016;

JONES, Jeffrey Richard, Criminal procedure code in the northern states of Nigeria, 2nd ed. (revised to 30th June 1978), Zaria, Nigeria : Gaskiya corporation, 1987 (sic), xxxii, 347 p ;

__________Some cases on criminal procedure and evidence in the Northern States of Nigeria (1968-1969) : with  notes (May be cited as 1968 S.C.O.P.E.) / compiled and annotated by J.R. Jones, Zaria, Nigeria : Jones, 1968-69, 119, 119 p ;

KALU, Awa U., volume ed., Banking and other financial malpractices in Nigeria, Lagos : Malthouse Press, 1990, 138 p. (series; Federal Ministry of Justice law review series), ISBN:  ISBN: 9782601489; notes: Spine title: Banking & other financial malpractices in Nigeria; Papers from a seminar held at the Institute of International Affairs, Victoria Island, Lagos, Apr. 24-26, 1989;

KARIBI-WHYTE,  A. G.,  Criminal policy : traditional & modern trends, [Lagos, Nigeria : Nigerian Law Publications, 1988], xvii, 127 p. (series; Judges' series), ISBN: 9782325252;

___________ Groundwork of Nigerian criminal law, Lagos : Nigerian Law Publications, [1986], xxviii, 230 p. (series; Judges' series), ISBN: 1234525501;

___________ History and sources of Nigerian criminal law, Ibadan: Spectrum Law Pub., 1993, xxii, 281 p., (Series; Spectrum Law series), ISBN: 9782460702;

__________"Reshaping our criminal law", [S.l.] : [s.n.], 1990, 65 p. (series; Idigbe memorial lectures); Idigbe Memorial Lecture delivered by the Hon. (Dr.) Justice A.G. Karibi-Whyte, on July 23rd, 1990 at the University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria; copy at Oxford;

___________"Sanctions in Nigerian customary criminal law", in Emmanuel G. Bello and Bola A. Ajibola, eds.,  Essays in honour of Judge Taslim Olawale Elias, Dordrecht ; Boston : M. Nijhoff; Norwell, MA : Sold and distributed in the USA and Canada by Kluwer Academic Publishers,  c1992, vol. 2, pp. 541-564;

KEAY, Elliot Alexander and Sam Scruton Richardson, The native and customary courts of Nigeria, London,  Sweet & Maxwell; Lagos, African Universities Press, 1966, xxxii, 381 p.; text not consulted;

LADAN, Muhammed Tawfiq, An introduction to Nigerian criminal law, [Zaria?]: The Author, c1990, ii, 80 p., ISBN: 9781250720;

MAFULLUL, Yakubu, "Homicide in Norther Nigeria: An Evaluation of Motives", (2000) 21(1) American Journal of Forensic Psychiatry 69-76; copy at Ottawa University, RA 1001 .A43, Location: FTX Periodicals;

MENSEM-DONGBAN, Monica Bolnaan, The defendant : a highlight of basic rights at a criminal trial, Jos, Nigeria : Matchers Pub., [1994], xiv, 167 p., ISBN: 9783278304;

MILNER, Alan, The Nigerian penal system,  London : Sweet & Maxwell, 1972, xl, 446 p., (Series; Law in Africa ; no. 32), ISBN: 0421145609 and

___________"Sentencing Patterns in Nigeria",  in Alan Milner, ed., African penal systems, London:  Routledge & K. Paul, 1969, xiii, 501 p., chapter 10, at pp. 261-292, ISBN: 0710061277; copy at Ottawa University, MRT General, KQC 974 ,M54 1969; note: "This chapter forms part of a larger study of The Nigerian Penal System, to be published by Sweet and Maxwell Ltd." (p. 261);

MORRIS, H.F., "How Nigeria Got Its Criminal Code", [1970] Journal of African Law 137;

NATIONAL SEMINAR ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND SECURITY ADMINISTRATION (1989 : Abuja, Nigeria) and  Bala J. Takaya, ed., Security administration and human rights : prospects for the third republic and beyond, Jos, Nigeria : Published for the Federal Ministry of Internal  Affairs, Abuja, by the Centre for Development Studies, University of Jos, [1992], xxiv, 363 p.;

NIGERIA, Digest of justice and penal organization 1990, Ibadan, 1990, non paginé; contient des statistiques criminelles  Nigeria;

NNAEMEKA-AGU, Philip, Fair hearing : the cornerstone of our adjudicative process, [Enugu] : Faculty of Law, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, [1989], 50 p. (series; Sir Louis Mbanefo memorial lecture ; 5th);

NORTHERN NIGERIA, An abstract from the Northern Nigerian Criminal Code : in Hause and English ; compiled with the authority of the Government of Northern Nigeria, London : Priory Press, 1908, 54 [i.e. 108]  p.;

NORTHERN NIGERIA,  Proclamation to establish a code of criminal law, London, Waterlow, 1904, 144 p.;

NWABUEZE, B.O. (Benjamin Obi), The machinery of justice in Nigeria, London, Butterworths, 1963,  xxi, 309 p. (series; Butterworths African law series, no 8);

NWADIALO, Fidelis, The criminal procedure of the southern states of Nigeria, Benin-City : Ethiope, 1976, xlviii, 255 p.; 2nd ed., aba Lagos : MIJ Professional Publishers Ltd., 1987, lxii, 537 p., ISBN: 9782486043;

NWANKWO, Clement,  Bonny Ibhawoh and  Dulue Mbachu, The failure of prosecution : a report on the prosecution of criminal suspects in Nigeria, Lagos: Constitutional Rights Project, 1996, 55 p., ISBN: 978294405X;

NWANKWO, Peter, Severity of punishment changes in Nigerian law: an application of Frantz Fanon's colonial model,  Florida State Univ., Diss., 1995, xv, 387 p.;

OBILADE, Akintunde O., The Nigerian legal systems, London: Sweet & Maxwell, 1979, 294 p.;

ODUMOSU, Oluwole I. (Oluwole Idowu), "Criminal law reform in Northern Nigeria : the Northern Nigerian codes", (1961) The Modern Law Review 612-615;

OFORI-AMANKWAH, E.H., Criminal law in the northern states of Nigeria, Zaria, Nigeria : Gaskiya Corp, 1986, xix, 505 p., ISBN: 9781940808;

OGBEIDE,  N. A., Criminal Code Act : 1990 incorporating criminal cases citator, Lagos (Nigéria): A. Napton ventures (legal documents) reproduction, 1996,  iv, 203 p.;

OGBU, Osita Nnamani, "Punishments in Islamic Criminal Law as Antithetical to Human Dignity: The Nigerian Experience", (June 2005) 9(2) The International Journal of Human Rights 165-182;

OGECHI. E. Anyanwu, "Crime and Justice in Postcolonial Nigeria: The Justifications and Challenges of Islamic Law of Shari 'ah", (2005-2006) 21(2) The Journal of Law and Religion 315 to approx. 348;

OGEFERE,  A.P.A., Nigerian law through the cases, Vol. 6: Criminal and penal laws of Nigeria : part one, Benin City : Uri Publishing, 1994, xiii, 198 p.;

OGUNDERE, J.D., (Joseph Diekola), 1929-, The Nigerian judge and his court, Ibadan, Nigeria : University Press, 1994, xii, 800 p., ISBN:  9782494135 (hc) and 9782494879; not consulted;

OJUKWU, Chudi Nelson, "Attempts: The Nigerian Perspective", (2002) 13(2) Criminal Law Forum 225-244;

OJUKWU, Chudi Nelson, and Onimim E. Briggs, "Developing Justice in Developing States -- The Nigerian Experience", paper submitted at the 19th International Conference of the International Society for the Reform of Criminal Law held at Edinburgh, Scotland from June 26 - June 30, 2005, 25 p., available at (accessed on 7 October 2005);

OKAGBUE, Isabella E., Private prosecution in Nigeria : recent developments and some proposals, Lagos, Nigeria : Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, 1991, 30 p., ISBN: 9782353124;

____________The reform of sexual offences in Nigerian criminal law, Lagos: Nigerian Inst. of Advanced Legal Studies, 1991, 36 p., ISBN: 9782353256;

OKEREAFOEZEKE, Nonso, 1963-, Law and justice in post-British Nigeria : conflicts and interactions between native and foreign systems of social  control in Igbo, Westport: Greenwood Press, 2001, (series; contributions in comparative colonial studies; no. 43),  ISBN: 0313313083; text not consulted;

OKEREKE, Godpower O., The social organization of Nigerian law enforcement: its effects on police-public relations,  Oklahoma State Univ., Diss., 1992, vi, 136 p.;

OKOLI, Chijioke, "Criminal liability of corporations in Nigeria: a current perspective", (1994) 38 Journal of African Law 33-45; Copy at the Library of the Supreme Court of Canada, Ottawa;




- The pre-CAMA [pre-Companies and Allied Matters Act]...35
- The position under CAMA...37
- Some relevant provisions of other statutes...39
- The Corporate Affairs Commission...39
- Prosecution of corporations for criminal offences...40
- Position of directors...43

OKONKWO, Cyprian O. (Cyprian Okechukwa), 1934-, "Excessive self-defence manslaughter in Nigeria",  in I.A. Umezulike and C.C. Nweze, eds.; editorial advisors, Chukwuna Ene ... [ et al.],  Perspectives in law and justice : essays in honour of Hon. Justice Eze Ozobu, the Chief Judge of Enugu State, Enugu (Nigeria): Fourth Dimension Pub. Co., 1996, xxix, 320 p., at pp. 296-317, ISBN:  9781564067; title noted in my research but article not consulted yet (2 mars 2007);

OKONKWO, Cyprian O. (Cyprian Okechukwa), 1934-, and Ian McLean, Cases on the criminal law : procedure and evidence of Nigeria (excluding the North), London : Sweet & Maxwell ; Lagos : African Universities P., 1966,  xxxii, 396 p. (series; Law in Africa ; no. 19);

OKONKWO, Cyprian O. (Cyprian Okechukwa), 1934-,  & NAISH, Michael E., Criminal Law in Nigeria (excluding the North), London: Sweet & Maxwell, 1964,  xxxviii, 378 p.  (Law in Africa Series, No. 9);  there is a 2nd edition in 1980 by C.O. Okonkwo, Okonkwo and Naish on criminal law in Nigeria, London : Sweet & Maxwell, 1980, xxxiii, 389p., ISBN: 0421266104 (pbk) and 0421266007;

OKOYE, Festus, ed., Special and military tribunals and the administration of justice in Nigeria : a publication of Human Rights Monitor (HRM), Kaduna, Nigeria : Human Rights Monitor, 1997, xiv, 279 p., ISBN: 9781350458;

OKPALUBA, Chuks, 1942-,  The right to a fair hearing in Nigeria, Lagos : Shelters International, [1983?], 137 p.;

OKUNNIGA, A.A.O., Transplants and mongrels and the law : the Nigerian experiment : an inaugural lecture delivered at the University of Ife on 17th May, 1983, Ile-Ife, Nigeria : University of Ife Press, c1984, 32 p. (series; Inaugural lecture series (University of Ife); no. 62);

OLA, Christopher S. (Christopher Sunday) and O.A. Ola, Mens rea in statutory offences in Nigeria, Lagos : Malthouse, 1990, xxiii, 116 p. (studies; Studies in Nigerian criminal law and criminal science; Malthouse law series), ISBN: 9782601187;

OPARA, Victor Nnamdi, Abortion regime under the Nigerian criminal jurisprudence : a manmade disaster to human health & human rights, Thesis LL.M., University of Toronto, 2002, v, 94 leaves;

OSTIEN, Philip, "Nigeria's Sharia Criminal Procedure Codes", in Philip Ostien, compiled and edited by, Sharia Implementation in Northern Nigeria 1999-2006: A Sourcebook, Ibadan, Nigeria : Spectrum Books, 2007, in vol. 4, The Sharia penal and criminal procedures codes,  chapter 5, pp. 171-203, ISBN:  9789780298401 (v. 4)  and 9780298401 (v. 4); available at (accessed on 27 August 2009);

___________"Nigeria's Sharia Penal Codes"  in Philip Ostien, compiled and edited by, Sharia Implementation in Northern Nigeria 1999-2006: A Sourcebook, Ibadan, Nigeria : Spectrum Books, 2007, in vol. 4, The Sharia penal and criminal procedures codes,  chapter 4, pp. 3-21, ISBN:  9789780298401 (v. 4)  and 9780298401 (v. 4); available at (accessed on 27 August 2009);

___________compiled and edited by, Sharia Implementation in Northern Nigeria 1999-2006: A Sourcebook, Ibadan, Nigeria : Spectrum Books, 2007, 5 volumes, available at  (accessed on 25 September 2009);

v. 1. Historical background, 9789780298371 and 9780298371
v. 2. Sharia implementation committee reports and related white papers, 9789780298388 and 978029838X
v. 3. Sanitizing society, 9789780298395 and 9780298398
v. 4. The Sharia penal and criminal procedure codes, 9789780298401 and  9780298401
v. 5. Two famous cases, 9789780298418 and 978029841X
[source: Hollis, Harvard catalogue]

" ... entire attempt to document the sharia implementation effort, "Sharia Implementation in Northern Nigeria 1999-2006: A Sourcebook", is available online at Vol. IV, entitled "The Sharia Penal and Criminal Procedure Codes", contains the full texts of the "harmonised" Sharia Penal and Criminal Procedure Codes prepared by the Centre for Islamic Legal Studies at ABU, annotated section by section to show variations betwen the harmonised code and all the actually enacted codes, and also between the harmonised code and the Penal and Criminal Procedure Codes of 1960. Vol. V, entitled "Two Famous Cases", contains the full texts of the records of proceedings and judgments in the Safiyatu Hussaini and Amina Lawal zina cases, together with a bibliography of Islamic authorities relied on, an essay by one of the lawyers who worked on the cases, and other materials." [Philip Ostien in correspondence with François Lareau, 22 September 2009]

OSTIEN, Philip and M.J. Umaru, "Changes in the Law in the Sharia States Aimed at Suppressing Social Vices", in Philip Ostien, compiled and edited by, Sharia Implementation in Northern Nigeria 1999-2006: A Sourcebook, Ibadan, Nigeria : Spectrum Books, 2007, in vol.3, Sanitizing society, pp. 9-75, ISBN: 9789780298395 (v. 3)  and  9780298398 (v. 3); available at (accessed on 25 September 2009);

OTU, Boel N., The social context of the penal system of Nigeria,  Florida State Univ., Diss., 1995, viii, 218 p.;

OWOADE, M. Adekunle, "Crime and the criminal laws in Nigeria", in John Ademola Yakubu, ed., Administration of justice in Nigeria : essays in honour of Mohammed Lawal Uwais, Lagos : Malthouse Press, 2000, xxv, 250 p., at pp. 101 to approx. 121 (series; Malthouse law books), ISBN: 9780230998;

___________ Law of homicide in Nigeria, Ile-Ife, Nigeria : Obafemi Awolowo University Press, 1990, xxx, 353 p., includes bibliographical references (p. 346-353), ISBN: 9781360917;

___________"The military and the criminal law in Nigeria", (1989) 33(2) Journal of African Law 135-148;

___________"National Monographs: Nigeria" in Cyrille Fijnault, ed. International Encyclopaedia of Laws, Criminal Law, The Hague, London, Boston: Kluwer Law International, 1993-, ISBN: 9065449374, forthcoming (as of 1 July 2002);

___________"The relations between the organization of the judiciary and criminal procedure in Nigeria", (1989) 60(3-4) Revue internationale de droit pénal / International Review of Penal Law 887-900; note: Colloque préparatoire, on Question III, "Les rapports entre l'organisation judiciaire et la procédure pénale", pour le XIVe Congrès de l'Association internationale de droit pénal; Preparatory Colloquium, Question III, "The relations between the organization of the judiciary and criminal procedure" for the XIVth Congress of the International Association of Penal Law;

__________ "Some Aspects of Human Rights and the Administration of Criminal Justice in Nigeria", in M. Cherif Bassiouni and Ziyad Motala, eds., The Protection of human rights in African criminal proceedings, Dordrecht/Boston : M. Nijhoff; Norwell, MA, U.S.A. : Sold and distributed in the U.S.A. and Canada by Kluwer Academic, c1995, xxiv, 47 p., at pp. 175 to approx. 190, ISBN: 0792328884; note: "Papers of a seminar organized by the International Institute of Higher Studies and held in Siracusa, Italy, July 1992";

OYEWO, A. Toriola and O.B. Olaoba, A survey of African law and custom : with particular reference to the Yoruba speaking peoples of South-Western Nigeria, Ibadan, Nigeria: Jator Pub. Co., 1999, xvii, 191 p., ISBN:  978266099X; text not consulted;

OYEWO, A. Toriola and S.A. Osunwolfe, eds., Readings in African studies, [Ibadan, Nigeria : Jator Pub. Co., 1999], viii, 162 p., ISBN:  9782660876; text not consulted;

OYEWO, A. Toriola, The concept and application of natural justice in Nigeria, Ibadan, Nigeria : Jator Pub. Co., 1997,  xx, 220 p., ISBN: 9782660116; text not consulted;

PARK, Andrew Edward Wilson, The sources of Nigerian law, Lagos, African Universities Press; London, Sweet & Maxwell, 1963, xvii, 161 p. (series; Law in Africa; no. 6); text not consulted;

PETERS, R., The Reintroduction of Islamic Criminal Law in Northern Nigeria: A Study Conducted on Behalf of the European Commission, Ibadan: Spectrum Books, 2001;

PETERS' Rudolh, "The re-Islamization of criminal law in Northern Nigeria and the judiciary : the Safiyyatu Hussaini case", in Muhammad Khalid Masud, Rudolph Peters, and David S. Powers, eds.,  Dispensing justice in Islam: Qadis and their judgements, Leiden ; Boston : Brill, 2006,  xiv, 591 p. (series; Studies in Islamic law and society; 22),  ISBN: 9004140670;  

PETERS, Rudolph, with the assistance of Maarten Barends,  Islamic criminal law in Nigeria, Ibadan : Spectrum Books ; Oxford, UK : Europe and USA distributor, African Books Collective, 2003, viii, 88 p., ISBN: 978029421X; Notes : Updated version of the report of a study conducted on behalf of the European Commission by Peters with title: The reintroduction of Islamic criminal law in Northern Nigeria, available at (accessed on 15 January 2006);

RICHARDSON,  S.S (Sam Scruton) and T.H. Williams, The criminal procedure code of Northern Nigeria, London : Sweet & Maxwell, 1963, xx, 491 p (series; Law in Africa; number 7); Note: "Criminal prodcedure code law": p. 271-476;

SADA, Ibrahim Na'iya, "The Making of the Zamfara and Kano State Sharia Penal Codes", in Philip Ostien, compiled and edited by, Sharia Implementation in Northern Nigeria 1999-2006: A Sourcebook, Ibadan, Nigeria : Spectrum Books, 2007, in vol. 4, The Sharia penal and criminal procedures codes,  pp. 22-32, ISBN:  9789780298401 (v. 4)  and 9780298401 (v. 4);  available at (accessed on 25 september 2009);

___________"Sharia Criminal Law and Its Re-introduction in Northern Nigeria", Centre for Islamic Legal Studies, Ahmadu Bello University -- Zaria; available at (accessed on 22 August 2004);

SALAMONE, F., "The clash between indigenous, Islamic colonial and post-colonial law in Nigeria", (1993) 21 Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law 15-60;

SHANI, Amidu, "The Shari'ah Conundrum  in Nigerias and the Zamfara Model : The Role of Nigerian Muslim Youth in the Historical Context", (April 2007) 27(1) Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs 117-132;

SHANI, B.M. (Baba M.), Notes on some aspects of criminal procedure in the northern states of Nigeria, Zaria, Nigeria : Abu Press, 1988, xxx, 252 p., ISBN:  9781250623;

Shari'ah Penal Code Law, 2000, Zamfara State of Nigeria, available at (accessed on 24 April 2006);

SHYLLON,  F.O., Freedom, justice, and the due process of law : an  inaugural lecture delivered at the University of Ibadan on Thursday, 15 May, 1986 / by Folarin Shyllon, [Ibadan, Nigeria] : Ibadan University Press, University of Ibadan, 1987, 22 p. (series; Inaugural lecture / University of Ibadan ; 1986);

TAMUNO, Tekena N., The responsibility for crime control in Nigeria, Ibadan : Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research, [1985], 26 p. (series; Distuinguished lecture ; no. 10);

TOBI, Niki, 1940-, Sources of Nigerian law, Lagos : MIJ Professional Publishers Ltd., 1996, xxx, 193 p., ISBN: 9782486221;

Unification and reform of Criminal Laws and Procedure Codes of Nigeria / General editor: Bola Ajibola; volume editor: Yemi Osinbajo, Lagos : Malthouse, c1990, xii, 276 p., (series; Federal Ministry of Justice law review series),  ISBN: 9782601497; notes: Conference papers; Cover title: Unification and reform of the Criminal Laws and Procedure Codes of Nigeria; Spine title: Unification & reform of Criminal & Procedure Codes;

WEIMANN, Gunnar J., "Judicial practice in Islamic Criminal Law in Nigeria—A tentative overview",  (July 2007) 14(2) Islamic law and Society 240-286;

YADUDU, A.H. (Auwalu Hamisu), Islamic law and law reform discourse in Nigeria: a comparative study and another viewpoint : a thesis, Thesis (S.J.D.)--Harvard Law School, 1985, 261 leaves; also available, Microfiche. [Buffalo, N.Y.] : Hein, [1995] -- 3 fiches (Hein's legal theses and dissertations ; v. 002-00077); thesis not consulted;

YAKUBU, J. Ademola, The dialectics of the Sharia imbroglio in Nigeria, Ibadan, Nigeria : Demyaxs Law Books, 2003, 56 p. (Series; Monograph series / Demyaxs Law Books; 4);

YAKUBU, J. Ademola and  A.Toriola Oyewo, Criminal law and procedure in Nigeria, Lagos : Malthouse Books, 2000, xvii, 281 p., (series; Malthouse law books),  ISBN: 9780231056;

YAWURI, Aliyu Musa, "On Defending Safiyatu Hussaini and Amina Lawal", in Philip Ostien, compiled and edited by, Sharia Implementation in Northern Nigeria 1999-2006: A Sourcebook, Ibadan, Nigeria : Spectrum Books, 2007, in vol. 5, Two famous cases, pp. 129-139, ISBN: 9789780298418 (vol. 5) and 978029841X (vol. 5), available at (accessed on 25 September 2009);

ZALKIND, Paola, 1981- and Rita James Simon, Global perspectives on social issues : juvenile justice systems, Lanham, Md. : Lexington Books, c2004, vii, 197 p., see "Nigeria" at pp. 135-140 and 143-144, ISBN: 0739107305; copy at Ottawa University, MRT General: HV 9069 .Z35 2004;

ZALMAN, Marvin, Cases and materials on the law of criminal procedure in the northern states of Nigeria, with a chapter on confessions by Greta Zalman,  Zaria : Ahmadu Bello University, 1969, xxvi, 618 p.;

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