Bibliography, criminal law of  Scotland; bibliographie, droit pénal de l'Écosse
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Last  amendment: 31 December 2008

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by © François Lareau, 2001-, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Scotland / Écosse

Acts of Parliament (from 1996) & Statutory Instruments (from 1997)

ALISON, Archibald, Sir, 1792-1867, Principles of the criminal law of Scotland, Edinburgh : W. Blackwood, 1832,  x, 696 p; copy at the Library of the Barreau du Québec, Montreal, library, Rayon 97, 343(411) A414p.;

___________ Practice of the criminal law of Scotland, Edinburgh: W. Blackwood, 1833, xlii, 729 p.;available at (accessed on 11 November 2007);  reprint Edinburg: Law Society & Butterworths, 1989;

___________Principles of the criminal law of Scotland ; Practice of the criminal law of Scotland, Edinburgh: Law Society of Scotland : Butterworths, 1989, 2 vols., ( Reprints. Originally published separately: Edinburgh : W. Blackwood ; London : T. Cadell, 1832 and 1833),  reprint in: London : Butterworths, 1989 (series; Scottish legal classics), ISBN: 0406179042 (v. 1); 0406179050 (v. 2) ; 0406178984 (set);

___________Remarks on the administration of criminal justice in Scotland : and the changes proposed to be introduced into it / by a member of the Faculty of Advocates, Edinburgh : W. Blackwood, 1825, 143 p. (series; 19th-century legal treatises no. 59321-59322), Microfiche no. 59321-59322; copy at the Library of the Supreme Court of Canada, Ottawa;

ANDERSON,  A.M., The criminal law of Scotland, 2nd ed., Edinburgh : Bell & Bradfute, 1904, xviii, 401 p.;

ARNELL, P., "Male Captus Bene Detentus in Scotland", [2004] The Juridical Review  251-263;

ASHTON, Christina, 1950-, and Valerie Finch, Human rights and Scots law, Edinburgh : W. Green/Sweet & Maxwell, 2002, liii, 504 p., see Chapter 5, "Rights in Criminal Law: Part I-Articles 6(2) and 7", at pp. 144 to approx. 164 and Chapter 6, "Rights in Criminal Law: Part II", at pp. 165 to approx. 185, ISBN: 0414014294;

BAYNE, Alexander, d. 1737, Institutions of the criminal law of Scotland / for the use of the students who attend the lectures of Alexander Bayne ...,  Edinburgh : Printed by Mr. Thomas and Walter Ruddimans, 1730, 191 p.;

BLAIR, William, The Scottish  justices' manual being an alphabetical compendium of the powers and duties of justices of the peace within Scotland, and of those points of law which they are most frequently called upon to decide,  Edinburgh : Thomas Clark, 1834, vii, 575 p.; note: "With an appendix of forms, statutes, &c. and a copious index."  Contents: "With an appendix of forms, statutes, &c. and a copious index."; available at,M1 (accessed on 10 March 2007);

BURMAN,  Michèle and Clare Connelly, Mentally disordered offenders and criminal proceedings : the operation of part VI of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995, Edinburgh : Scottish Executive Central Research Unit, 1999, ISBN: 0748077669;

BURNETT, John, 1763-, A treatise on various branches of the criminal Law of Scotland, Edinburgh : printed by George Ramsay and Company, for Archibald Constable and Company, Edinburgh; and for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, London, 1811, viii, 612, lxxviii, xii p.; note: Edited by Robert Craigie;

CADOPPI, Alberto, "Nulla poena sine lege and Scots criminal law: a continental perspective", (1998) 2 Juridical Review 73-88;

CARSON, W.G., "Policing the Periphery: The Development of Scottish Policing 1795-1900", (1984) 17 Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology 207-232 and (1985) 18 Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology 3-16;

CHALMERS, James, "Art and Part Liability in Homicide", (2003) 62 Greens Criminal Law Bulletin 2;

___________“Reforming the Pleas of Insanity and Diminished Responsibility: Some Aspects of the Scottish Law Commission’s Discussion Paper” (2003) 8(2) Scottish Law and Practice Quarterly  79-94;

___________"Sexual Offences in Scotland: An Agenda for Reform", (11 June 2004, issue 18) Scots Law Times 109-113; copy at the Library of the Supreme Court of Canada, Ottawa;

CHALMERS, James, Christopher Gane, Fiona Leverick, "Partial Defences to Homicide in the Law of Scotland", being Appendix E in The Law Commission, Overseas Studies, which is part of the Appendices to the consultation paper, Partial Defences to Murder, 31 October 2003, xiii, 249 p. (series; consultation paper; number 173); this study of Scottish jurists, at pp. 151-183, is available at  (accessed on 27 April 2005 and on 17 October 2007 for web.archive); see also Appendix G, "Relevant Statutory Provisions and Proposed Provisions";

CHALMERS, James, and Fiona Leverick,Criminal defences and pleas in bar of trial, Edinburgh : W. Green & Son, 2006, lvi, 414 p. ISBN:  0414015215;  

CHISWICK, Derek, "Mental Disorder and Criminal Justice" in Peter Duff and Neil Hutton, eds., Criminal Justice in Scotland, Aldershot, Hants : Ashgate/Dartmouth, c1999,  xvi, 412 p., at pp. pp. 262-283,  ISBN: 1855218909 and  1855218992 (pbk.) ; copy at the Library of the Supreme Court of Canada   KF 9220 ZC8 C75 1999;

CHRISTIE, Michael G.A., "The Coherence of Scots Criminal Law: Some Aspects of Drury v. H.M. Advocate", (2002) The Juridical Review 273 to approx 290;

CHRISTIE, Sarah, Inchoate Crimes: Incitement, Conspiracy and Attempts in Scottish Criminal Law, Edinburgh : W. Green/Sweet & Maxwell, 2001, xvii, 214 p., ISBN: 0414013905 (hbk);

___________Introduction to Scots Criminal Law,  Pearson Higher Education, 2003, 256 p., ISBN: 0582437180;

CLIVE, E.M. (Eric M.), "Drafting the Law on Sexual Offences: A Comparison of the Draft Criminal Code for Scotland and the Sexual Offences Act 2003", [2006] The Juridiucal Review  55 to approx. 68;

___________"Submission of a Draft Criminal Code for Scotland to the Minister of Justice", (2003) 7(3) Edinburg Law Review 395-398;

CLIVE, Eric and Pamela Ferguson, “Unravelling the Enigma: A Reply to Professor Farmer”, (2002) 7 Scottish Law and Practice Quarterly 81-86;

CLIVE, Eric (from CBE, Edinburgh), Pamela Ferguson (from Dundee), Christopher Gane and Alexander McCall Smith presented A Draft Criminal Code for Scotland with commentary to the Minister of Justice in August 2003; available at  (accessed on 24 September 2007); important contribution from Scotland!

CONNELLY, Clare, Criminal Law, Edinburgh: W. Green & Maxwell, 2002, xii, 105 p.;

DAVIES, Stephen J., "The Courts and the Scottish Legal System 1600-1747: The Case of Stirlingshire"  in V.A.C. Gatrell, Bruce Lenman and Geoffrey Parker, eds., Crime and the law: the social history of crime in Western Europe since 1500,  London : Europa Publications, c1980, xii, 381 p. at pp. 120-154, SBN: 0905118545;

DUFF, Peter, "Admissibility of Improperly Obtained Physical Evidence in the Scottish Criminal Trial: the search for Principle", (2004) 8(2) Edinburgh Law Review 152-176;

___________"Irregularly obtained real evidence: The Scottish solution?", (2004) 8(2) International Journal of Evidence & Proof  77-99;

___________"The Scottish criminal jury: a very peculiar institution", (1999) 62 Law and Contemporary Problems 173-201;

DUFF, Peter and Neil Hutton, eds., Criminal Justice in Scotland, Aldershot, Hants : Ashgate/Dartmouth, c1999,  xvi, 412 p.,  ISBN: 1855218909 and  1855218992 (pbk.) ; copy at the Library of the Supreme Court of Canada   KF 9220 ZC8 C75 1999;

FARMER, Lindsay, 1963-, "The Boundaries of Scottish Criminal Law", [1989] SCOLAG 9

___________Criminal Law, Tradition and Legal Order: Criminal Law: the Genius of Scots Law 1747 to the present, N.Y.: Cambridge University Press, 1997, xi, 207 p.,  bibliographical references pp. 187-201, ISBN: 0521553202 (hb);

___________“The Criminous and the Incriminating. Narratives of Guilt and Innocence in Scottish Criminal Trials”, (2000) The Juridical Review 285-304;

___________"Debatable Land: An Essay on the Relationship between English and Scottish Criminal Law", (1999) Edinburgh Law Review 32-56;

___________“Enigma: Decoding the Draft Criminal Code” (2003) 7 Scottish Law and Practice Quarterly 68-80;

FERGUSON, Emily, None to judge, fight or plead  an introduction  to sir George Mackenzie's Laws and customs of Scotland in  matters criminal, 1678, Thesis (M.A.)--University of Guelph, 1997; check also the following title: Criminal Justice in Seventeenth-Century ScotlandUniversity Guelph University - M.A. Degree M.A. (History), 1995;

FERGUSON,  P. W., Crimes against the person, 2nd ed., Edinburgh [Scotland] : Butterworths ; Charlottesville, Va. : Lexis Law Pub., 1998,  xxii, 179 p.(series; Scottish criminal law and practice series), ISBN: 0406901791;

FERGUSON, Pamela, "Codifying Scots Criminal Law", paper submitted by Ms. Ferguson at the 19th International Conference of the International Society for the Reform of Criminal Law held at Edinburgh, Scotland from June 26 - June 30, 2005, 17 p., available at (accessed on 7 October 2005); also with the same title at (accessed on 10 November 2007);

___________"Codifying Scots Criminal Law: A Blueprint for Change", available at (accessed on 4 September 2004);

___________"Codifying Criminal Law (1): A Critique of Scots Common Law", [2004] The Criminal Law Review 39 to approx. 48;

___________"Codifying Criminal Law (2): The Scots and English Draft", [2004] The Criminal Law Review 105-119;

____________" Constructing a Criminal Code"Conference Paper, International Society for the Reform of the Criminal Law, 2008;

GANE, Christopher H. W., Charles N. Stoddart, and  and James Chalmers, A casebook on Scottish criminal law, 3rd ed., Edinburgh : W. Green/Sweet and Maxell, 2001, xlvii, 620 p., ISBN: 0414010507;

GANE, Christopher H.W., "Civilian and English influences on Scots criminal law", in Elspeth Reid and David L. Carey Miller, eds., A Mixed Legal System in Transition: TB Smith and the Progress of Scots Law, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2005, [ix], 332 p., at pp. 218-238, (series; Edinburgh studies in law; volume 1), ISBN: 0748623353;

___________"Codification of the Criminal Law in Scotland and England", in Le code Napoléon, un ancêtre vénéré?  Mélanges offerts à Jacques Vanderlinden, Bruxelles: Bruylant, 2005, at pp.439-465, ISBN: ISBN 2802718673; en souscription (forthcoming), see (accessed on 23 January 2005); notes: Actes du Colloque de commémoration du bicentenaire du Code civil Bruxelles – 19, 20 et 21 février 2004;

___________"Criminal law reform in Scotalnd", (1993) 3 Scottish Law and Practice Quarterly 101-116;

___________ "Redefining rape: The Scottish approach", (2003) 16(1) South African Journal of Criminal Justice 58-69;

___________"Scotland",  in C. van den Wyngaert, C. Gane, H. Kühne and F. McAuleys, eds., Criminal Procedure Systems in the European Community, London/Brussels/Dublin/Edinburgh: Butterworths, 1993, xxix, 428 p., at pp. 339 to approx. 382, ISBN: 0406022763;

___________"The Scottish Jury", (2001) 72 (1-2) Revue internationale de droit pénal  259-272; available at  (accessed on 15 July 2007);

___________Sexual offences, Edinburgh : Butterworths; St. Paul, Minn.: Butterworths Legal Publishers, 1992, xxi, 168 p. (series; Scottish criminal law and practice series), ISBN: 0406115206;

___________Theft and related offences, Edinburgh : Butterworth Law, [s.d.], ISBN: 0406115230;

GIBB, Alex and Peter Duff,  Criminal justice systems in Europe and North America: Scotland, Helsinki (Finland): HEUNI, the European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control affiliated with the United Nations, 2002, 112 p., ISBN 9525333108; available at; (accessed on 3 January 2003);

GORDON, Gerald H.,  The Criminal law of Scotland, 2nd ed.,  Edinburgh : Green [for] the Scottish Universities Law Institute, 1978,  lxxix, 1174 p. ; ISBN: 0414006186;

___________ The Criminal law of Scotland - First Supplement to the Second Edition Up to date to May 1, 1984, Edinburgh : W. Green & Son Ltd., 1984, ISBN: 0414006186;

___________The Criminal Law of Scotland, Second Cumulative Supplement, Edinburgh: W.Green & Son Ltd., 1992, ISBN: 0414009967;

___________The criminal law of Scotland. Vol. 1 / by Sir Gerald H. Gordon, 3rd ed. edited by Michael G.A. Christie, Edinburgh : W. Green, 2000, liv, 541 p.; cover title: Criminal Law; copy at the library of the Supreme Court of Canada, KF9220 ZC8 G67 2000;

___________"The Mental Element in Crime", (1971) 16 Journal of the Law Society of Scotland 282-288; copy at the library of the Supreme Court of Canada, Ottawa;

GUÉRIN, Lucien, Étude sur la procédure criminelle en Angleterre et en Ecosse, Paris, F. Pichon, 1890, 63 p.; note: "Extrait du Bulletin de la Société de Législation comparée";

HARPER, Ross,  Peter Hamilton with Paul McGuigan, A fingertip guide to criminal law, 4th ed., Edinburgh : Butterworths : Law Society of Scotland, 1999, xxxix, 278 p. ; 25 cm.

HARPER, Ross, My client My Lord a practical guide to advocacy for solicitors in the criminal court, Edinburgh: Law Society of Scotland, 1981, 61 p.;

___________A practitioner's guide to criminal procedure, Edinburgh: Law Society of Scotland, 1981, 89 p.;

___________"Scotland: The Changing Face of Criminal Jurisprudence in Scotland", (1985) 9 Comparative law YearBook 83-94; copy at Ottawa University, FTX Periodicals,  K 103 .C6 C3  1985 v.9;

HARTNOLL, Mary, "Children and the Criminal Justice System in Scotland",  in Child Offenders: UK and International Practice, London: Howard League for Penal Reform, 1995, 61 p., at pp. 31-36, ISBN:  090368327X; note : "A Report of the Howard League"; copy at the Solicitor General Canada, Ministry Library and Reference Centre/Solliciteur général du Canada, Bibliothèque ministérielle et centre de référence, HV 9145.A5 C4 1995;

HOUSTON, Robert Allan, "Courts, doctors, and insanity defences in 18th and early 19th century Scotland", (July-August 2003) 26(4) International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 339-354;

HUME, David, 1757-1838 and Benjamin Robert Bell, Commentaries on the law of Scotland, respecting crimes by  David Hume; with a supplement by Benjamin Robert Bell (edition note: The 1986 reprint / foreword by Lord Cameron ; introduction by  David M. Walker),  Edinburgh : Law Society of Scotland, c1986, 2 v., (reprint of Edinburgh : Bell & Bradfute, 1844),  ISBN: 0902023160; copy at York University, KF 9219 H85 1844A V.1 and 2; (19th-century legal treatises ; no. 84662-84679);

HUME,  David, 1757-1838, Commentaries on the law of Scotland, respecting crimes, 3rd ed., Edinburgh : Printed for Bell & Bradfute, 1829, 2 vols.;  Research Note: available in Microfiche. Research Publications, 1989. 14 microfiches. (19th-century legal treatises ; no. 43357-43370), copy at the Supreme Court of Canada Library,  Microfiche no. 43357-43370;

___________Commentaries on the law of Scotland, respecting trial for crimes, Edinburgh : Printed for Bell & Bradfute and for E. Balfour by A. Neill & Co., 1800. 2 v. ; 28 cm.; available at the Supreme Court of Canada Library in Microfiche. Research Publications, 1991. 12 microfiches. (19th-century legal treatises ; no. 59942-59953), Microfiche no. 59942-59953;

___________Commentaries on the law of Scotland : respecting the description and punishment of crimes, Edinburgh : Bell & Bradfute and for E. Balfour, 1797, 2 vols.;

HUNTER, Robert F., ed., Justice and crime : essays in honour of the Right Honourable The Lord Emslie, M.B.E., P.C., L.L.D., F.R.S.E., Edinburgh : T & T Clark, 1993, xxx, 306 p., ISBN: 0567096440 and  0567292096 (pbk.);
-- Stealing fish / the Rt. Hon. the Lord Rodger of Earlsferry
-- The interaction of obligations and crime / David M. Walker
-- "At the mouth of two witnesses" : some comments on corroboration / Gerald H. Gordon
-- Hearsay : a Scottish perspective / A.B. Wilkinson
-- Jurisdiction and criminal law in Scotland and England / P.W. Ferguson
-- Criminal events / Alexander McCall-Smith
-- Hamesucken and the major premiss in the libel, 1672-1770 : criminal law in the Age of Enlightenment / John W. Cairns
-- Controversial aspects of the law of rape : an Anglo-Scottish comparison / Pamela R. Ferguson
-- Something to declare : a defence of the declaratory power of the High Court of Justiciary / Scott Crichton Styles
-- The War Crimes Act 1991 / Mark R. Poustie and Michael G.J. Upton
-- In defence of the accused : aspects of criminal practice during the Emslie years / Charles N. Stoddart
-- George Carlyle Emslie : a personal appreciation / the Hon. Lord Grieve.

IRVINE SMITH, J., "Criminal pocedure", in An Introduction to Scottish Legal History, vol. 20, Edinburgh: Stair Society, 1958;

JONES, "The Scottish Law of Murder", (1989) 105 Law Quarterly Review 516;

JONES, M. T., "Judicial Law Making in Scots Criminal Law", (1984) 100 Law Quarterly Review 360;

JONES, Timothy H.,  "Common Law and Criminal Law: the Scottish example", [1990] Criminal Law Review 292;

___________"Towards a Good and Complete Criminal Code for Scotland", (2005) 68(3) The Modern Law Review 448-463;

JONES, Timothy H., and  Michael G.A. Christie, Scottish Criminal Law, 2nd ed., W. Green/Sweet & Maxwell, 1996, softcover, xxxi, 379 p.,   ISBN: 0414011465; (series; Greens concise Scots law); 3rd ed., Edinburgh : W. Green, 2002, xxxvi, 420 p., ISBN: 0414013670;

KAMES, Henry Home, Lord, 1696-1782, Historical law tract  4th ed., with additions and corrections, Edinburgh : Bell & Bradfute, 1817, xvi, 497 p. ; 22  (19th-century legal treatises ; no. 13844-13849)  see chapter 1, "History of the Criminal Law"; copy at the Supreme Court of Canada Library;

KEARNEY, Brian, "Juvenile Justice in Scotland -- Welfare and Rights", The International Society for the Reform of the Criminal Law – Conference, Sandton,
3rd – 7th December 2000; available at (accessed on 4 August 2004);

LAMB, Jeffrey, Sexual offences, East Kilbride (Scotland) : LexisNexis UK, c2003. - xlv, 307 p.; copy at the Library of the Supreme Court of Canada,  KF9325 L36 2003;

LAURIE, Graeme T., "AIDS and Criminal Liability under Scots Law", (August 1991) Journal of the Law Society of Scotland  312-317;

LAW SOCIETY OF SCOTLAND, THE, "Scottish Law Commission Consultation on the Draft Criminal Code for Scotland -- The Law Society of Scotland's Response", October 2004, 28 p.; available at  (accessed on 9 October 2007);

LEVERICK, Fiona, "Plea and Confession Bargaining in Scotland", (December 2006) 10(3) Electronic Journal of Comparative Law; available at  (accessed on 1 january 2008);

LOCKYER, Andrew and Frederick H. Stone, Juvenile justice in Scotland : twenty-five years of the welfare approach, Edinburgh : T&T Clark, 1998, xiii, 289 p., ISBN: 0567005283; copy at the Library of the Supreme Court of Canada, Ottawa, KF 9780 Zc8 L63;

LOUZON, Claude, Législations de santé mentale en Europe: Angleterre, Ecosse, Espagne, France, Italie, Cour européenne des droits de l'homme:  rapport d'étude au Bureau de la Psychiatrie, Direction générale de la Santé, Ministère de la Santé, Paris: La Documentation française, 1990, 319 p.;

MacDONALD, J. H. A. (John Hay Athole), 1836-1919, A practical treatise on the criminal law of Scotland, 2nd ed., Edinburgh : William Paterson, 1877; available at and (accessed on 16 July 2008);

__________ A practical treatise on the criminal law of Scotland, 5th ed. by James Walker and D. J. Stevenson, Edinburgh, W. Green, 1948, lix, 398 p.; Research Note: the library of the Supreme Court of Canada has: 2nd ed., Edinburgh : W. Green & Sons, [1877], xv, 637 p., Microfiche. Research Publications, 1990. 7 microfiches. (19th-century legal treatises ; no. 54274-54280),   Microfiche no. 54274-54280;

MacKENZIE, George, Sir, 1636-1691, The laws and customes of Scotland, in matters criminal. Wherein is to be seen how the civil law, and the laws and customs of other nations do agree with, and supply ours. By Sir George Mackenzie of Rose-haugh, Edinburgh, printed by Thomas Brown, ... anno Domini, 1678, [16], 581, [1] p.; copy at University of Ottawa; reprint: Clark, N.J. : Lawbook Exchange, 2005, ISBN:  1584776056;  the Edinburgh : Printed by James Glen, 1678 edition available at*spi?/Xcriminal+law&SORT=A&searchscope=3/Xcriminal+law&SORT=A&searchscope=3&SUBKEY=criminal%20law/1%2C66%2C66%2CC/l856&FF=Xcriminal+law&SORT=A&searchscope=3&29%2C29%2C%2C1%2C0 (accessed on 31 December 2008);

MAYS, Richard, "The criminal liability of corporations and Scots law: the lessons of Anglo-American jurisprudence", (2000) 4(1) The Edinburgh Law Review 46-73; title noted in my research but article not consulted; the verification of the AMICUS catalogue of the National Library of Canada indicates that there is no copy of this periodical in the Canadian libraries covered by the catalogue (28 May 2004);

"[Abstract]  Corporate illegality has not yet been perceived as a major social ill in Scotland. Nevertheless, the proliferation of the corporate form in the modern era has expanded the scope of, and potential for, behaviour damaging to the wider community. It is the contention of this article that Scotland, in response to the social, economic and physical dangers of corporate crime, requires a properly constructed framework of corporate criminal liability based on ideas drawn from Anglo-American jurisprudence.  A proposal for such a framework is put forward and explained." (source:  Corporate illegality has not yet been perceived as a major social ill in Scotland. Nevertheless, the proliferation of the corporate form in the modern era has, accessed on 28 May 2004)

McCALL SMITH,  R.A.A. and D. Sheldon, Scots criminal law, 2nd ed., Edinburgh : Butterworths, 1997, xxxiii, 346 p., ISBN: 0406891192;

McNEIL, Fergus, "Desistance, Rehabilitation and Correctionalism: Developments and Prospects in Scotland", (September 2004) 43(4) The Howard Journal 420-436;

___________"Remembering Probation in Scotland", (March 2005) 52(1) Probation Journal 23-38;

MICHIE, Michael Hugh, From moral philosophy to social economy: the conservatism of Sir Archibald Alison (Alison Sir Archild, Scotalnd), Ph.D. thesis, York University, Toronto, 1991, 601 p.; 

MILL, James, "Criminal Law and Procedure in Scotalnd Compared",  (1939) 3 Journal of Criminal Law 605-618;

MITTERMAIER, Charles Joseph Antoine, 1787-, Traité de la procédure criminelle en Angleterre, en Ecosse et dans l'Amérique du nord / Trad. [de l'allemand] par A. Chauffard, Paris : E. Thorin, 1868, xci, 644p.; livre rare du grand juriste allemand Carl Joseph Anton Mittermaier; copie à la bibliothèque du Barreau de Montréal; disponible à,+en+Ecosse+et+dans+l%27Am%C3%A9rique+du+nord+%22&lr=&as_brr=3#PPR3,M1 (vérifié le 15 septembre 2008); l'édition de 1851 en allemand est disponible à,M1 (vérifié le 19 novembre 2007); aussi dispobnible à (vérifié le 18 juillet 2010);

MONCREIFF, Henry James Moncreiff Baron, 1840-1909, A treatise on the law of review in criminal cases : by the High Court and Circuit Court of Justiciary, and on procedure in criminal cases in inferior courts in Scotland, including the text of the Summary procedure act, 1864, and the Summary prosecutions appeals (Scotland) act, 1875, with full notes and cases, and an appendix containing forms, table of fees, etc., Edinburgh: W. Green, 1877; available at (accessed on 17 July 2010);

MORRIS, Allison, "Scottish Juvenile Justice: A Critique",  in Roger Wood, ed., Crime, Criminology and Public Policy: Essays in Honour of Sir Leon Radzinowicz, London: Heinemann, 1974, xxii, 650 p., at pp. 347-374, ISBN: 0435824228; copy at Ottawa University, MRT General, HV 6028 .C73 1974;

NEWMAN, "Reforming the mental element of murder", (1995) 5(2) Irish Criminal Law Journal 194;

NICHOLSON, C.G.,  "Codification of Scots law: a way ahead or a Blind Alley?", (1987) Statute Law Review 173-185;

___________Sentencing: The Law and Practice in Scotland, 2nd ed., W. Green, June 1992, app. 336 pp., ISBN: 0414 006844;

NORMAN, Andrew, "The Scottish System" in Paul Cavadino, ed., Children who kill : an examination of the treatment of juveniles who kill in different European countries, Winchester : Waterside Press in association with the British Juvenile and Family Courts Society, 1996, viii, 224 p., Chapter 8 at pp. 73-87, ISBN: 1872870295; copy at the Library of the Supreme Court of Canada, HV 9067 H6 C55 1996;

NORMAND, W.G., "The Public Prosecutor in Scotland", (1938) 54 The Law Quarterly Review 345-357;

NORMAND, "Unfitness for Trial in Scotland", (1984) 7 International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 415;

RAITT, Fiona E., "Credibility and the Limits of Expert Evidence in Scots Criminal Law", (2003) The Juridical Review 29 to approx. 44;

RENTON, Robert Wemyss and Hilton Brown, Criminal procedure according to the law of Scotland, 6th ed. / by Gerald H. Gordon, assisted by Christopher H.W. Gane, Edinburgh : W. Green/Sweet & Maxwell, 1996-, loose-leaf volume;

RENTON, Robert Wemyss, Renton & Brown's Statutory offences / contributers Sir Crispin Agnew of Lochnaw ... [et al.], Edinburgh : W. Green/Sweet & Maxwell, 1999-, 1 v. (loose-leaf) ;

RIGGS, Paul Turner, Scottish Criminal Law and procedure in the Nineteenth Century (Criminal Justice, Social Change), Thesis (PH.D.), University of Pittsburgh, 277 p.;

ROSS, LOrd, " The Scottish Criminal Justice System - its Origins, its Strengths and its Future Developments", (1993) 10(2) Commonwealth Judicial Journal 9-17;

ROUSSEAUX, Xavier, "Criminality and Justice History in Europe, 1250-1850: A Select Bibliography", (1993) 14 Criminal Justice History: An International Annual  159-181;

ROWAN-ROBINSON, Jeremy, Paul Q. Watchman, and Christine R. Barker, Crime and regulation, Edinburgh : T & T Clark, 1990, xx, 315 p., ISBN: 567291502;

SANDISON, Craig Robert Kindness, Legality and the Scots common law of crimes, University of Cambridge. Faculty of Law, University of Cambridge : Ph.D. Dissertation, BLDSC number: D063134, 2 vols., approved: 18 October 1994, Classmark: PhD.19124-;

SCHUSTER, Ernest, "XII. La Grande-Bretagne.  2. L'Écosse"  dans Franz von Liszt et l'Association internationale de droit pénal, [sous la direction de], La législation pénale comparée, 1er volume: Le droit criminel des États européens, Berlin: Otto Liebmann, Paris: Pedone; Rome: Loescher et Lisbonne: Ferin, 1894, xxvi, 706 p. aux pp. 692-706; un seul volume publié; livre rare; copie à l'Université d'Ottawa; disponible à ma bibliothèque digitale sur le droit pénal comparé, sous Liszt, à; aussi disponible à  (vérifié le 31 octobre 2008);

SCOTTISH GOVERNMENT, "Scottish Government Consultaton.   The Scottish Law Commission  Report on Rape and other Sexual Offences.  Cabinet Secretary for Justice's Foreword", [2008], available at and (accessed on 27 February 2008);

SCOTTISH CONSORTIUM ON CRIME AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE, Rethinking Criminal Justice in Scotland: Report of the Scottish Consortium on Crime and Criminal Justice, 2000, 47 p.; available at (accessed on 5 April 2006);

SCOTTISH EXECUTIVE, Supporting Safer, Stronger Communities: Scotland’s Criminal Justice Plan, Edinburgh: Scottish Executive, 2004;

SCOTTISH LAW COMMISSION, Criminal law -- Art and Part Guilt of Statutory Offences -- Report of a Reference under Section 3(1)(e) of the Law Commission Act 1965, Edinburgh: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1985, v, 22 p., (series; Scot. Law Com. No. 93), ISBN: 0101955103; copy at the Library of the Supreme Court of Canada, KF384 ZC8 S36 no. 93;

___________ The Mental Element in Crime: Report on a Reference under Section 3(1)(e) of the Law Commission Act 1965 , Edinburgh: H.M.S.O., [1983], v, 49 p.,  (Series; Report; number 80); contribution importante au sujet

Scottish Law Online, available at (accessed on 15 February 2004);

SELLAR, W. David, "Forethocht Felony, Malice Aforethought and the Classification of Homicide",  in British Legal History Conference (9th : 1989 : Glasgow, Scotland) and W.M. Gordon and T.D. Fergus, eds., Legal history in the making: Proceedings of the Ninth British Legal History Conference, Glasgow, 1989, London; Rio Grande, Ohio : Hambledon Press, 1991, [viii], 216 p. at pp. 43-59, ISBN: 185285054X; copy at the University of Ottawa, General, KD 506 .B74 1989;

SHIELS, Robert S., "A Draft Criminal Code for Scotland", (2004) 68(1) The Journal of Criminal Law 50-53;

SKENE, John Sir, 1543?-1617, Laws, etc. (Regiam Majestatem) / Regiam majestatem : the auld lawes and constitvtions of Scotland ...collected furth of the register and other ... authentick bukes, fra the dayes of King Malcolme the Second, vntill the time of King James the First, of gude memorie ...,  Edinburgh : Wood, 1774, ix, 464, 123 p.;

SMITH, Barry T., "Draft Criminal Code for Scotland", (2001) SLT (News) 17; drafted by group of academic lawyers;

SMITH, Thomas Brown, 1915-, A Short Commentary on the Law of Scotland, Edinburg: W. Green, 1962, xx, 980 p., at pp. 116-238; copy at Library of Parliament/Bibliothèque du Parlement, Ottawa;

STEELE, William, A Summary of the Powers and the Duties of Juries in Criminal trials in Scotland, Edinburgh: Thomas Clark, 1833, 235 p.; available at,M1 and (accessed on 23 December 2007);

TADROS, Victor, Criminal responsibility, Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press Inc., 2005, xiv, 389 p. (series; Oxford monographs on criminal law and justice), ISBN: 0199261598, copy at the Library of the Supreme Court of Canada, K5064 T33 2005;

___________"Insanity and the Capacity for Criminal Responsibility", (2001) 5 Edinburgh Law Review 325-354;

___________"The Scots Law of Murder", September 2005, in The Law Commission, The Law of Murder: Overseas  Comparative Studies, [London: HMSO, 2005], at pp. 87-105; available at (accessed on 27 December 2005);   

___________"The Structure of Defences in Scots Criminal Law", (2003) 7(1) Edinburgh Law Review 60-79;

"One central pillar of scholarship about criminal defences concerns their structure. Three categories of defence are commonly recognised in the academic literature, and to a degree by the courts: capacity defences, justifications, and excuses. This article considers how defences should be structured and the impact that such a structure has on the content of legally recognised defences such as diminished responsibility, necessity, coercion, and provocation." (source:, accessed on 30 July 2003)

TAIT,  George,  A summary of the powers and duties of a justice of the peace in Scotland : in alphabetical order; with forms of proceedings, &c. comprising a short view of the criiminal duty, and of the greater part of the civil duty, of sheriffs and magistrates of burghs, 3rd ed., Edinburgh : Printed for Anderson & Co., and Fairbairn & Anderson ; London : Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, & Brown ; Alex Smellie, printer to the University, 1821, ix, 470 p.; available at (accessed on 14 November 2008);

TATA, Cyrus and Neil Hutton, “Scottish High Court Develops Sentencing Information System”, (1997) 8(6) Overcrowded Times 1 and 14-20;

TEMKIN, Jennifer, "A New Law on Sexual Offences for Scotland: A Comment on the Draft Criminal Code", [2006] The Juridical Review 29 to approx. 54;

WASSER, Michael, "Defence counsel in early modern Scotland : A Study Based on the High Court of Justiciary", (August 2005) 26(2) The Journal of Legal History 183-201;

This article explores the practice of those advocates who acted as counsel for defenders in Scotland in the High Court of Justiciary in the early seventeenth century. By 1587, defence counsel was confirmed as a 'right' in Scotland in every criminal court except the Privy Council. The advocates who acted as counsel were well educated and respected members of their profession, amounting to possibly forty-one per cent of the bar. They served their clients both in and out of court, and their services were vital: a defender was much more likely to be convicted if he did not have defence counsel. Their pleadings also help to illustrate the conservative nature of Scots criminal law. The way in which defence counsel developed and functioned can be seen as an example of the growing professionalization of the law and its institutions in early modern Scotland." (source: )

___________ "La peine capitale en Écosse au début de l’époque moderne: théorie et pratique", in, sous la direction de Christian Nadeau et Marion Vacheret, Histoire, philosophie et pratiques de la justice pénale, Montréal: Éditions Liber, 2005, ISBN: 2895780838;

WILSON, Anne, "Counterblast: Penal Reform in Scotland", (2005) 44(5) Howard Journal of Criminal Justice 538-540;

WRIGHT, The Development of Legal Responsibility in the Criminal Law of Scotland, Ph.D. thesis, Aberdeen University, 1954;

YOUNG, Peter John. Punishment, Money and Legal Order: An Analysis of the Emergence of Monetary Sanctions with Special Reference to Scotland, Ph.D. thesis, University of Edinburgh, 1987, 343 p.;

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