Canadian Military Law/
Droit militaire canadien

updated and corrections / mise à jour et corrections:  25 June 2019
By/par © François Lareau, 1998-, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Image source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NgwDBy4PuHw, accessed 8 May 2017
Ah! Les crocodiles
 

Ah ! Les crocrocro, les crocrocro, les crocodiles
Sur les bords du Nil, ils sont partis n'en parlons plus



Part I-- JAG & DND WEB SITES


______

Other sites on military law

-Part I -- Canadian Military Law -- Miscellaneous

Blog

- Somalia Inquiry & Government Reaction
      -  1995-1997: Somalia Inquiry
      - 
Departmental Reaction to Somalia Inquiry
      -  Special Advisory Group on Military Justice and Military Police Investigation Services
          January 1997 to July 1997
     
-  The Special Senate Committee on the Canadian Airborne Regiment in Somalia (April 1997)
      - 
Report to the Prime Minister on the Leadership and Management of the Canadian Forces (March 1997)
        - 
Minister's Monitoring Committee on Change in the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces (October 1997 to 1999)
         -
Bill C-25--An Act to amend the National Defence Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts
        
(Royal Assent, 10 December 1998)
       -
2003 -- Five Year Review of Bill C-25
       - 2011 -- Second Five Year Review of Bill C-25    
         

Governments Bills 1999-2012 on National Defence Act

- Current Affairs -- Sexual Misconduct

- Court Martial Comprehensive Review 2016-2017

- JAG & DND Web Sites

- Laws, Regulations and Orders

-
Superseded Legislation

- Web Sites of Interest


Part II -- Canadian Military Law -- Bibliography
 A-B--C-D--E-G--H-L--M-R--S-Z

------

Starting here:



JAG & DND WEB SITES

SEARCH ENGINES FOR DND AND CF:  Basic--- Advanced Search --- Research Tips
CATALOGUE FOR GOVERNMENT OF CANADA PUBLICATIONS: Click Here!  
. Judge Advocate General -- Juge-avocat général

Image Source: http://news.nationalpost.com/full-comment/kelly-mcparland-ottawas-secrecy-fetish-only-added
Major-General Blaise Cathcart, the JAG, under heavy protection           -to-confusion-and-fear-of-dangerous-situation, accessed 23 November 2015.
on the day of the terrorist attack in Ottawa (22 October 2015, photo
by Ashley Fraser, Ottawa Citizen)




Casquette militaire (source video: media.forces.ca/_VIDEOS
2010/00204_legalofficer_en.mp4)

  Internet Archives of the JAG site  --              
               2013-2014
              
2003-2013 (see also  2007-11-15 (E) -- (F) --- 2006-12-15 (E) -- (F)---2006-02-23 (E) -- 2002-02-22 (F) ----2006-01-31 (E) -- (F) ----2006-01-26 (E) -- (F)
               
                and back from 1999 to 2003... 20 Mar 03 -- 20 Feb 03 -- 28 Jan 03 14 Apr 02 -- 30 May 02 --26 Jul 02 -- 27 Sep 02 --29 Sep 02 -- 2 Oct 02 -- 23 Nov 02 -- 24 Nov 02  18 Jan 01 -   2 Feb 01 -- 2 Mar 01 --18 Apr 01--
                12 May 01 -- 31 Oct 01 - 30 Nov 01 --17 Dec 01  -- 1 Mar 00-- 20 May 00 -- 19 Jun 00 --15 Aug 00 -- 19 Oct 00 -- 7 Dec 00 ---Jan 99 at (1) and (2) ---8 Feb 99 at (1) and (2) --- 2 Mar 99 at (1) and (2) --
                30 Apr 99 at (1) and (2)

Photos from the JAG web site -- archives

- updated 2002-11-30 at /web.archive.org/web/20030418091354/http://www.forces.gc.ca:80/jag/photos/default_e.asp?VIEW_BY=title

 ------------
  Nancy  Isenor                                                              Luc Boutin



  --------   
                                                                                                                                 Jerry Pitzul




- photos from the JAG Annual Report 2016-2017

 




 
 Deuxième personne à gauche: Cynthia Gaudreault        



On the left, Jay Simpson

-
On the left, Nina Han
 



. JAG Annual reports / Rapports annuels du JAG --- since 1998
 
 
---  ---
     For reports 2000 to 2017, see http://publications.gc.ca/site/eng/9.506183/publication.html

       
    2017-2018 (E) - (F), undated, signed by Commodore Geneviève Bernatchez, tabled in the House of Commons on 3 October 2018 (Sessional Paper number 8560-421-735-03 )
    2016-2017 (E) - (F), undated, signed by Major-General Blaise Cathcart, deemed tabled in the House of Commons on 16 August 2017 (Sessional Paper number 8560-421-735-02)
    2015-2016 (E) - (F), undated, signed by Major-General Blaise Cathcart, deemed tabled in the House of Commons on 20 July 2016 (Sessional Paper number 8560-421-735-01)
    2014-2015 (E) - (F), undated, signed by Major-General Blaise Cathcart, deemed tabled in the House of Commons on 22 July 2015 (Sessional Paper number 8560-412-735-05)
    2013-2014 (E) - (F), undated, signed by Major-General Blaise Cathcart, tabled in the House of Commons on 10 October 2014 (Sessional Paper number 8560-412-735-04)
    2012-2013 (E) - (F), undated, signed by Major-General Blaise Cathcart, tabled in the House of Commons on 11 June 2014 (Sessional Paper number 8560-412-735-03)
   
    2011-2012 (E) - (F), undated, signed by Major-General Blaise Cathcart, tabled in the House of Commons on 3 June 2014  (Sessional Paper number 8560-412-735-02)

    2010-2011 (E) - (F), undated, signed by Major-General Blaise Cathcart, deemed tabled in the House of Commons on 19 March 2014 (Sessional Paper number 8560-412-735-01, 24 March 2014)
- Bill C-41, introduced in the House of Commons on 16 June 2010
- Bill C-41, dies on the order paper, Parliament dissolved 26 March 2011


  2009-2010 (E) - (F), undated, signed by Brigadier-General Blaise Cathcart, tabled in the House of Commons on 16 February 2012 (Sessional Paper number 8560-411-735-01)
- Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs tabled its report Equal Justice: Reforming Canada’s System of Courts Martial, 5 May 2009.


Cover page of chapter 1 of the 2008-2009 report
Front row, from the left: Michel Tremblay and Anthony Farris;
back row, from the left: Vihar Joshi,  Sheila Archer, Sébastien Bouchard and unidentified person
(Nous remercions Pascal Lévesque pour son aide à identifier les membres du JAG, 27 février 2018) 

2008-2009 (E) - (F), undated, signed by Brigadier-General Kenneth W. Watkin, tabled in the House of Commons on 7 June 2010 (Sessional Paper number 8560-403-735-01)
- Bill C-60 came into force on 18 July 2008
- Bill C-45 (successor of Bill C-7) died on the order paper as 39th Parliament is dissolved on 7 September 2008


   
    2007-2008 (E) - (F), undated, signed by Brigadier-General Kenneth W. Watkin, tabled in the House of Commons on 25 March 2009 ((Sessional Paper number 8560-402-735-01)
- Bill C-45 (successor of Bill C-7), introduced in March 2008

    2006-2007 (E) - (F), October 2007, signed by Brigadier-General Kenneth W. Watkin, tabled in the House of Commons on 15 November 2007 (Sessional Paper number 8560-392-735-01)
- Bill C-7, implementing the Lamer Report was tabled in the House of Commons, 27 April 2006
- Bill C-7 dies on the order paper as Parliament is prorogued on 14 September 2007
   


    2005-2006 (E) - (F), undated, signed by Major-General S.T. Pitzul, tabled in the House of Commons on 28 September 2006 (Sessional Paper number 8560-391-735-01)
    2004-2005 (E) - (F), dated 9 June 2005, signed by Major-General-S.T. Pitzul, tabled in the House of Commons on 17 June 2005 (Sessional Paper number 8560-381-735-02)



    2003-2004 (E) - (E), dated 21 May 2004, signed by Major-General S.T. Pitzul, tabled in the House of Commons on  8 October 2004 (Sessional Paper number 8560-381-735-01)
- First Independent Review ("Lamer Report") submitted to MND, 3 September 2003
- the Lamer Report tabled in the House of Commons, 5 November 2003 

    2002-2003 (E) - (F), dated 23 May 2003, signed by Majot-General S.T. Pitzul, tabled in the House of Commons on  6 June 2003 (Sessional Paper number 8560-372-735-01)
    2001-2002 (E) - (F), dated 28 May 2002, signed by Major-General S.T. Pitzul, tabled in the House of Commons on  12 June 2002 (Sessional Paper number 8560-371-735-02)
 
 
    2000-2001 (E) - (F), dated 28 May 2001, signed by Brigadier-General S.T. Pitzul, tabled in the House of Commons on  1 June 2001 (Sessional Paper number 8560-371-735-01)
    1999-2000 (E) - (F), dated 30 May 2000, signed by Brigadier-General S.T. Pitzul, tabled in the House of Commons on  30 May 2000 (Sessional Paper number 8560-362-735-01)
    1998-1999  (E & F)*, dated 4 August 1999, signed by Brigadier-General S.T. Pitzul, not tabled in Parliament as no legislation in force
     * reproduced from JAG Newsletter -- Bulletin d'actualités, Volume III, July-Sept 1999, pp. 76-92

    Research note number 1: The annual reports were also tabled in the Senate (not necessarily on same date and not the same sessional paper number, as the Senate has their own system)

    Research note 2: For the very old JAG annual reports of the 1920s see my blog of  26 December 2015 for work in progress at http://www.lareau-law.ca/military.1Blog.html (accessed 2 November 2017);   
 

JAG Annual reports / Rapports annuels du JAG --- since 1921-1940

Annual Judge Advocate Report for fiscal year ending 31 March 1921-1940




----
P. 7 of 856                                             Report starts at p. 153 of 856

in  Sessional Papers, vol. 58(9), First Session, 14th Parliament, Report of the Department of Militia and Defence, Sessional Paper 36, fiscal year finishing 31 March 1921 and presented
by the Minister of Militia and Defence to the Governor General and Commander in Chief of the Dominion of Canada on 1 November 1921, available at https://archive.org/details/n09sessionalpaper58cana (accessed 6 November 2017)


Report of the Directorate of the Judge Advocate General, which was Part of the Adjudant's General Branch
(at pp. 181 of 856 p.; p. 29 of the Departmental report)



Judge Advocate-General 

During the year ending March 31, 1921, 168 courts-martial were held in Canada, 
of which 13 were General courts-martial, and the remainder District. 

By Army Order 137 of 1920, authority was granted to the Judge Advocate-General 
at the War Office to transfer to such officers in the overseas Dominions as might be 
appointed by the respective Governors General the proceedinge of courts-martial held 
overseas for the trial of members of the Military Forces of that Dominion, and by 
an Order in Council of June 15, 1920 (P.C. 1341), the Judge Advocate-General at 
Ottawa was authorized by the Governor-in- Council to receive the oourt-martial pro- 
ceedings held overseas for the trial of members of the Canadian Expeditionary Force, 
and arrangements were made through the Overseas Detachment, C.E.F., for the 
transfer to Canada of these proceedings, which amounted to about 16,000. These 
are now at Militia Headquarters and are available for reference. 

At the beginning of the year covered by this report there were in England 14 
other ranks and one officer undergoing sentences of penal servitude and imprisonment 
awarded by the civil courts, and nine other ranks undergoing sentences awarded by 
courts-martial. Of the former two other ranks have completed their sentences and 
their cases have been disposed of, and, of the latter, one has completed his sentence 
and the case disposed of. 

The Judge Advocate-General was engaged in preparing material and giving 
evidence before the Special Committee of the House of Commons on Pensions and 
Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment during the session of 1920, and certain important 
amendments to the Militia Pension Act and the Pension Act with regard to the 
payment of pensions under both Acts were approved by the Special Committee and 
passed by Parliament. 

The Judge Advocate-General acted as legal advisor to the Overseas Ministry in 
Ottawa whilst that Ministry was winding up its affairs, and, since the Ministry has 
ceased to function, all claims of a legal nature which concern the Overseas Ministry 
are referred to this office. 

The normal number of leases and agreements which this office prepares was 
materially increased by reason of the fact that a large number of leases and agreements 
in which the Crown, through the Minister of Militia and Defence, was a party were 
cancelled owing to the fact that it was decided that all properties possible should yield 
a rental based on a fair valuation of the same, rather than a nominal rental, with the 
result that new leases or agreements in respect to these properties had to be prepared. 

Owing to the large number of retirements to pension in cases of members of the 
Permanent Active Militia consequent upon the reorganization thereof, opinions with 
regard to the interpretation of certain portions of the Militia Pension Act were 
required, and, in addition, a number of the cases had to be referred to the Deputy 
Minister of Justice, all the material and the letter of reference being prepared by the 
Judge Advocate-General. 

The Judge Advocate-General, further, assisted the Department of Justice in a 
number of cases where actions were brought against the crown in respect of pay and 
allowances and pension. 

Pursuant to Routine Order 1736 of 1919, 44 dishonoured cheques, mess accounts, 
etc., aggregating $1,746.11 have been collected. 

The issue in March, 1920, of the new Pay and Allowance Regulations added to 
the work of this office, as owing to changing conditions, numerous amendments were 
required, most of which were submitted to this office.



 
Annual Judge Advocate Report for fiscal year ending 31 March 1922


-----------
Page 7 of 1168                                           Report starts at p. 809 of 1168

in  Sessional Papers, vol. 59(4), Second Session, 14th Parliament, Report of the Department of Militia and Defence, Sessional Paper 17, fiscal year finishing 31 March 1922 and presented
by the Department on 1 February 1923,  available at  https://archive.org/details/n04sessionalpaper59canauoft (accessed 5 November 2017)



Report of the Directorate of the Judge Advocate General, which was Part of the Adjudant's General Branch
(at pp. 845-846 of 1168 p; pp. 37-38 of the Departmental report)

(3) Directorate of the Judge Advocate-General
During the year ending March 31, 1922, 74 courts-martial were held in Canada, 
all of which were district courts-martial. This is a decrease of over 50 per cent 
compared with the number of courts-martial held during the preceding year, and 
indicates a consequent improvement in discipline. On the other hand, however, the 
numerous amendments which were made to the Rules of Procedure and the Army Act 
in the latter part of 1920 were, in a number of instances, not fully understood by 
officers who from time to time were members of courts-martial, or by officers respon- 
sible for the administration of military law in the various districts. The result was 
that a very large number of these courts-martial proceedings had to 'be returned for 
correction of technical irregularities, and, in some cases, for the quashing of the 
finding and sentences. 

Upon the Permanent Active Militia being reorganized, the need of affording 
instruction in military law and regulations relative to the maintenance of discipline 
was apparent, this being due to the fact that, during the period of the war, this 
branch of administration had been left to the care of officers specially appointed for 
that purpose, and consequently a certain proportion of officers appointed to the 
Permanent Force after the war were not sufficiently experienced in this branch of 
work. 

Pursuant to instructions received from the Militia Council, the Judge Advocate 
General prepared a short series of lectures designed to cover those questions of military 



[p. 38 starts] 

law and the maintenance of discipline which were most constantly arising, and dealing 
also with the more important points in court-martial procedure. The Judge Advocate- 
General also carried out in Military Districts one to five, short courses of instruction 
covering four days in each District. An immediate improvement in these branches 
of administration was noticed. 

The number of leases and agreements prepared in the Judge Advocate-General's 
office exceeded somewhat the number for the preceding year. It might be observed 
that, as the result of the abolition of the old printed forms of leases and agreements 
which were previously used, it is now necessary to draft a special lease or agreement 
covering each particular case, thereby minimizing, to a great extent, the number of 
claims which were formerly made on account of ambiguous clauses embodied in the 
old forms, the interpretation of which was not at all clear. 

Consequent upon the decision to amalgamate the Department of Naval Service,
the Department of Militia and Defence, and the Air Board under one head and create 
a new Department of National Defence, the duties of the Judge Advocate-General 
were considerably increased owing to his being responsible for the preliminary work 
of drafting the necessary legislation and memoranda thereon, and the numerous 
references which had to be made to the Department of Justice and the Parliamentary 
Counsel. 

During the year a considerable number of reports to Privy Council were either 
drafted in the office of the Judge Advocate-General, or referred to him for opinions 
or amendments if the same were necessary. A considerable number of matters had 
to be referred to the Department of Justice during the year, the necessary corre- 
spondence being being prepared by this Directorate. The number of requests for opinions 
and memoranda on questions arising out of the Pay and Allowance regulations, 
King's regulations, etc., was, approximately, the same as in the preceding year. 

In addition to his duties as Judge Advocate-General, this officer is a member of 
the Pensions and Claims Board, which administers the Militia Pension Act. The 
number of retirements to pension during the year under review due to reduction in 
Establishment of the Permanent Force, necessitated the preparation of a large number 
of memoranda and opinions, for which the Judge Advocate-General was responsible.

-----------


Research note: for the Naval Service 1923-1932

For Report of the Department of National Defence (Naval Service), Canada, for the fiscal year ended March 31 ..., held by Bibliothèque et Archives Canada /
Library and Archives Canada, BAC possède : / LAC has: 1923-32, at 395 Wellington Publications officielles canadiennes / Canadian Official Publications, COP.CA.D.61
 



------------

Annual Judge Advocate Report for fiscal year ending 31 March 1923


-----
Page 7 of 1046                                               Report starts at p. 635 of 1046

in  Sessional Papers, vol. 60(4), Third Session, 14th Parliament, Report of the Department of National Defence --Militia, Sessional Paper 17, fiscal year finishing 31 March 1923 and presented
by the Department on 3 March 1924,  available at https://archive.org/details/n04sessionalpaper60cana  (accessed 5 November 2017)


Report of the Directorate of the Judge Advocate General, which was Part of the Adjudant's General Branch
(at pp. 698-699 of 1046 p; pp. 64-65 of the Departmental report)

.

Directorate of the Judge Advocate-General 

Forty-nine District courts-martial were held in Canada during the fiscal 
year ending 31st March, 1923, there being no General courts-martial. This is 
a decrease of twenty-five compared with the preceding year. Generally speak- 
ing, the convictions were not for serious offences, and the sentences awarded 
were comparatively light. This, together with the decrease in the number of 
courts-martial, indicates a substantial improvement in discipline. 

The proceedings which had to be returned for the correction of technical 
irregularities, or for quashing the finding and sentence were few compared with 
the preceding year, indicating a substantial improvement in the administration 
of military law, and that the officers concerned had acquired a greater know- 
ledge of the Army Act, the Rules of Procedure and the King's Regulations. 



[p.65 starts]


The Army Act and the Rules of Procedure were further amended during the year under review, resulting in the ^simplification of the procedure. The number of Courts of Enquiry held throughout Canada on various matters which were referred to the Judge Advocate-General for opinion exceeded the number in the preceding year. In a number of instances, these Courts were of such a nature that it would have been of great assistance to the District concerned had there been available in the District an officer pos- sessing a certain amount of legal training. The number of leases and agreements which were prepared in the office of the Judge Advocate-General was, approximately, the same as in the preceding year. The duties of the Judge Advocate-General have been materially increased by the creation of the Department of National Defence. Numerous matters have been referred to him by the Naval Service and the Air Board. Upon the reorganization of the Royal Canadian Air Force, it was con- sidered advisable that the procedure which should be followed, in so far as concerns the Regulations applicable to it, and the administration of Air Force law, should be along the same lines as that followed in the case of the Per- manent Active Militia and the Royal Air Force. The Judge Advocate-General was accordingly instructed to take the necessary action, the preliminary work in connection therewith being completed by the end of the year under review. On the coming into force on the 1st January, 1923, of " The National Defence Act, 1922," the Judge Advocate-General's office ceased to be a Direc- torate in the Branch of the Adjutant-General, and became responsible to the Deputy Minister, thereby following, as far as practicable, the organization in the War Office. Owing to the increase in his duties, it was considered desirable that an officer of the Permanent Active Militia should be detailed to assist the Judge Advocate-General during that period in the year when the duties of his office were heavy. It was considered that it would be to the advantage generally of the Permanent Active Militia if officers of the Permanent Active Militia were detailed for this duty for four months each year, thereby not only assisting the Judge Advocate-General, but also acquiring a greater knowledge of military law procedure and the regulations, which would be of great value to them in the districts in which they are stationed when their tour of duty in the Judge Advocate-General's office ended. The Judge Advocate-General is also a member of the Pensions and Claims Board, administering the Militia Pensions Act. Certain legislation affecting pen- sions was prepared in his office, together with numerous opinions and memoranda arising out of matters concerning pensions.





Annual Judge Advocate Report for fiscal year ending 31 March 1924




----
P. 7 of 1222 Report starts at p. 163 of 1222

in  Sessional Papers, vol. 61(4), Fourth  Session, 14th Parliament, Report of the Department of National Defence --Militia Service, Sessional Paper 17, fiscal year finishing 31 March 1924 and presented
by the Department on 15 November 1924,  available at https://archive.org/details/n04sessionalpaper61canauoft (accessed 5 November 2017)


Report of the Directorate of the Judge Advocate General (at p. 247 of 1222 p; p. 85 of the Departmental report)
.

REPORT OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE-GENERAL 

Under the terms of the National Defence Act, 1922, the Judge Advocate- 
General's office ceased to be a directorate in the Branch of the Adjutant-General, 
and from January 1, 1923, the Judge Advocate-General became responsible to 
the deputy minister. 

Thirty-three courts-martial were held in Canada during the fiscal year 
ending March 31, 1924, all of such courts-martial being district. This is a 
decrease of sixteen compared with the preceding year, and, generally speaking, 
the offences were not of a serious nature. This is indicative of the continued 
improvement in the discipline of the Permanent Force. 

The proceedings of these courts-martial indicate a substantial improve- 
ment in the knowledge of military law possessed by the officers sitting on the 
courts in question. It is extremely desirable, however, that a thorough know- 
ledge of military law and the provisions of the King's Regulations relative to 
discipline should be possessed by all officers, and it is pointed out in this con- 
nection that the various proceedings of courts-martial and courts of enquiry 
which have come before the Judge Advocate-General for review indicate that 
there is still considerable room for improvement. 

As stated in the report for the preceding year, on the creation of the 
Department of National Defence the Judge Advocate-General now performs 
similar duties in relation to the Royal Canadian Navy and the Royal Canadian 
Air Force as he formerly did in relation to the Canadian Militia. During the 
period under review the King's Regulations and Orders for the Royal Canadian 
Air Force were prepared by that officer, and have now gone into effect. 

During the period under review two amendments were made to the Militia 
Pension Act, one dealing with the suspension, and, in certain instances, the 
continuance of the pension when the pensioner is employed in the public service 
of Canada, and the other restoring the period of service required to establish 
eligibility for pension to twenty years, as it was prior to the amendment of 1919 
which reduced such period to one of ten years. Both these amending Acts were 
prepared by the Judge Advocate-General. 

The Judge Advocate-General has been a member of various departmental 
committees, and his duties have been increased as a result. 

0wing to the Crown's title to considerable property under the control of the 
department being disputed, certain litigation has ensued. It has been the Judge 
Advocate-General's duty to prepare the necessary material in collaboration with 
the Department of Justice, and it is hoped that such litigation will effectually 
settle a number of points which have been a matter of long standing dispute. 

With a view to minimizing as much as possible the number of cases of 
deficiencies in clothing and equipment on charge to Units of the Non-Permanent 
Active Militia, proceedings have been instituted through the Department of 
Justice against the officers whom the Department considers financially respon- 
sible. The preparation of these cases and the necessary reference to the Depart- 
ment of Justice have been dealt with by the Judge Advocate-General. 

All important reports to Privy Council have either been prepared by him, 
or submitted for his consideration, and, in addition, he is responsible for the 
drafting of certain orders and regulations. 

As a member of the Pensions and Claims Board, administering the Militia 
Pension Act, the Judge Advocate-General has prepared numerous opinions and 
memoranda on matters affecting pensions. 

A system for simplifying the procedure followed in the issuing of orders 
and regulations was put forward by the Judge Advocate-General, and has now 
been approved and put into effect. 



Research Note for reports 1925-1930
 

Annual Departmental Reports were included in the Sessional Papers until 1925. Starting in 1926, Sessional Papers became “Annual Departmental Reports of the Dominion of Canada”, and continued until 1973.  After 1929/30, the reports are no longer collected but are distributed from the individual departments.

"This edition of the annual reports of the various departments of the Government of the Dominion of Canada is intended to meet the needs of institutions, chiefly in the nature of Legislative and University Libraries, which in past years had received copies of these reports under the title of "Sessional Papers,"represented by several cloth-bound volumes of approximately equal bulk, the number of reports to a volume being determined by the size of the respective reports. The House of Commons in 1925 ceased to order annual departmental reports to be printed as Sessional Papers and the annual reports of 1923-24 are therefore the latest appearing under that title. In the present issue of these reports the same general form and appearance have been preserved as when they appeared as "Sessional Papers." The number printed is limited and particulars as to the selling price of the set of several volumes may be obtained from the King's Printer, Ottawa. (source: https://archive.org/stream/v2annualdepartme1925canauoft/v2annualdepartme1925canauoft_djvu.txt)



Report of the Judge Advocate General for Fiscal Year finishing 31 March 1925


-------------
Page 1 of 1052                                                       Report starts at p. 217 of 1052

in Annual Departmental Reports 1924-1925, vol. 5, Report of the Department of National Defence (Militia and Air Services) available at https://archive.org/details/annualdept5s192425cana (accessed 4 November 2017) 
REPORT OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE-GENERAL [at pp. 299-300 of 1052; or pp. 83-84 of the Report of the Department]

REPORT OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE-GENERAL 

There were no general courts-martial convened during the fiscal year under 
review, the number of district courts-martial convened being thirty-three. This 
is an increase of two compared with the preceding year, and the charges were 
not generally of a serious nature. 

A large number of these proceedings contained illegalities or irregularities 
which necessitated their being returned to the Convening Officers for correction. 
They indicate that, generally speaking, there is still considerable room for 
improvement in the knowledge of military law possessed by officers of the 
Permanent Force. 

It is recognized that there do not exist in Canada the same facilities for 
instruction in this subject as exist in England, nor have officers in Canada the 
same opportunities to gain practical experience by serving on courts-martial. 
Steps are being taken by the Judge Advocate-General's office to arrange in 
conjunction with the General Staff a system of instruction which it is hoped 
will prove successful. 

There is no question, however, but that at the present time the knowledge 
of military law and the provisions of the King's Regulations relating to disci- 
pline possessed by officers of the Permanent Force is considerably below that 
which they possess in other military subjects. 

A complete revision of the King's Regulations and Orders for the Canadian 
Militia has been undertaken by the Judge Advocate-General. This is a matter 
which entails considerable work and research. Excellent progress has been made, 
however, and it is expected that the revision will be completed and available 
for distribution by the end of the present calendar year. 

The procedure for simplifying the issue of orders and regulations put 
forward by the Judge Advocate-General last year has been further extended, 
and so far it has met with success. 

The preparation of material on certain matters under litigation has been 
dealt with by this office, and in view of the importance of some of these the 
work involved has been heavy. 

The provisions of the Militia Act relating to the use of troops in aid of 
the civil power were amended during the year under review. These amend- 
ments were based on the recommendation of the Royal Commission held to 
enquire into the unrest among the coal and steel workers in Cape Breton. The 
amending act was drafted by the Judge Advocate-General in collaboration 
with the Department of Justice, and the Judge Advocate-General was also 
required to furnish the necessary explanatory memoranda and statements. 

He was also engaged in preparing several draft bills relating to air force 
and naval pensions, which are still the subject of consideration. 

The number of references to the Judge Advocate-General's office on matters 
necessitating the preparation of considered opinions showed no decrease com- 
pared with preceding years. 

The Judge Advocate-General's office dealt during the year with a large 
number of Orders in Council and regulations, which were referred for redrafting 
or review prior to submission. The majority of important reports to Privy 
Council and regulations are now referred prior to submission. 

A large number of courts of inquiry were submitted for review or an opin- 
ion. These courts of inquiry in many instances are incomplete, the matters 
under inquiry not being dealt with so as to obtain the complete evidence which 
the convening authority should have so as to enable him to determine properly


[p. 84]
the action he should take. They indicate that such courts do not proceed with their inquiry on certain defined lines, with the intention of establishing the existence or otherwise of certain facts. In numerous instances the examination of witnesses appears to have been more or less haphazard, without any concrete idea of continuity. There is considerable room for improvement in these matters.



Report of the Judge Advocate General for Fiscal Year finishing 31 March 1926



Report starts at p. 1081 of 1350


in Annual Departmental Reports 1925-1926, vol. 2, Report of the Department of National Defence (Militia and Air Services) available at https://archive.org/details/v2annualdepartme1926canauoft (accessed 5 November 2017) 

REPORT OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE-GENERAL [at pp. 1169-1170 of 1350; or pp. 89-90 of the report itself]

During the fiscal year under review the number of courts-martial convened 
and held was as follows: — 

                   D.C.M. G.C.M. 
Permanent Force 49 Nil R.C.A.F 4 Nil
__ __
 53 Nil
__ __

This is an increase of 16 courts-martial in the Permanent Force, and in the Royal Canadian Air Force of 4, compared with the number of courts-martial held in the preceding year. The offences committed were mainly those of desertion or absence without leave, and losing by neglect clothing, equipment, etc. While the offences in themselves were not of a particularly serious nature, and the sentences awarded were sufficient in the interests of justice, yet an increase compared with the year before of almost 50 per cent is a matter which warrants some consideration. The proceedings, in the main, were properly conducted, but there is obviously need for a comprehensive scheme of instruction in military law, which question will be dealt with later on in this report". The revision of the King's Regulation and Orders for the Canadian Militia which, as stated in the report for the preceding year, had been undertaken by the Judge Advocate-General, was completed by the end of December, 1925. The revised edition has gone forward for approval, and should be available for dis- tribution by the end of September of this year. The work in connection with this revision was extremely heavy, and added considerably to the normal duties of the Judge Advocate-General's office. Numerous other regulations, such as Clothing Regulations, Equipment Regulations, etc., have been under revision during the year under review, neces- sitating advice being obtained from this office on numerous matters connected therewith. During the year under review numerous courts of inquiry were submitted to this office for an opinion or report, and, further, matters of an important nature and on which it had been decided to hold a court of inquiry, were referred to this office for an opinion as to the lines on which such courts of inquiry should proceed. The practice of making a prior reference to the Judge Advocate-General has proved satisfactory, as it has enabled the court concerned to proceed along certain clearly defined lines, and has resulted in the exclusion of a large amount of irrelevant statements and evidence which, in the past, were usually admitted, but which ser^^ed no useful purpose and only tended to confuse the authorities who subsequently had to deal with the findings and reconmmendations of such courts. During the year under review there has been a large increase in the number of Air Force matters referred to this office. This is largely due to the action taken by the Royal Canadian Air Force to put on a permanent basis their regulations which were originally of a more or less tentative nature. The number of reports and submissions to Privy Council and regulations which this office was called upon to prepare or draft showed no decrease com- pared with the preceding year. As stated above, the need for a comprehensive scheme of instruction in military law has been recognized, and the Judge Advocate-General was accord- ingly detailed to proceed to England at the beginning of March, 1926, for the purpose of being attached to the office of the Judge Advocate-General at the War Office, it being considered that a tour of duty there would not only enable [p. 90 starts] him to keep abreast with the latest British system of administration, but also to obtain definite information on the methods of instruction carried out in the British Army. The information which this officer will obtain from the War Office will serve as the basis for a comprehensive instructional program which it is hoped to put in effect at an early date. In this connection it 'should be realized that officers of the Permanent Force are required to pass the same pro- motion examinations as all officers of like rank throughout the British Empire, and unless instruction in Canada is uniform with that in England Canadian officers will be at a disadvantage. During the year under review, the usual number of leases and agreements were drafted in this office. The Judge Advocate-General, being a member of the Departmental Pen- sions and Claims Board, is constantly required to advise on matters pertaining to pensions under the Militia Pension Act, and various claims which are referred to the Board in question. He is also a member of several other standing Boards or Committees in the Department, the duties of which entail a considerable amount of additional work.







Report of the Judge Advocate General for Fiscal Year finishing 31 March 1927



-------
Page 5 of 1186 Report starts at p. 1955 of 1186


in Annual Departmental Reports 1926-1927, vol. 2, Report of the Department of National Defence (Militia and Air Services) available
at https://archive.org/details/annualdept2s192627cana (accessed 5 November 2017)



REPORT OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE-GENERAL During the fiscal year ending March 31, 1927, 55 courts-martial were con- vened and held. Of these, 53 were for the trial of military personnel, and 2 for the trial of personnel of the Royal Canadian Air Force. There were no general courts-martial convened. Thirty-five of these 55 courts-martial dealt with charges of desertion, and loss of the soldier's or airman's clothing and equipment. Of the remaining 20 courts, 8 dealt with charges of a serious nature as fol- lows: 3 with charges under section 8 of the Army Act of striking or using violence, or threatening or insubordinate language to a superior officer; 2 with charges under SEC. 17 of the Army Act of embezzlement of regimental money; 3 with charges under section 18 of stealing money or goods or receiving the same, the property of persons subject to military law. The remaining courts-martial dealt with offences of a more minor character, and it is of interest to note that, during the period under review, only one case of drunkenness was required to be dealt with by a court-martial. Only one conviction was required to^ be quashed on instructions from the Judge Advocate-General, and this was necessary solely on technical grounds. The small number of courts-martial held and the few charges of a serious nature as mentioned above, are indicative of a high state of discipline and morale in the Permanent Force and Royal Canadian Air Force. Two court-martial demonstrations were held at the Royal Military College, and at Toronto, respectively. These demonstrations were intended to illustrate the various forms of evidence given at a court-martial dealing with a simple military offence. They show by way of example, evidence both of an admissible and inadmissible character, and illustrate in a practical manner the mistakes which are frequently made by courts-martial in dealing with evidence of the .latter nature. These court-martial demonstrations serve a useful purpose, as the instruc- tion in military law given through this medium is more clearly grasped by the officers attending than instruction given by means of lectures. It is hoped to hold a number of these demonstrations in the near future, as the results which have been obtained from the two already held indicate that instruction given in this manner is of considerable practical value. During the year under review a large number of matters were referred to the Judge Advocate-General for an opinion, and his office w^as also engaged in drafting or preparing the usual number of leases and agreements, reports to Privy Council, and amendments to various Naval, Military and Air Force Orders and Regulations. The normal volume of matters pertaining to the Militia Pension Act referred to the Judge Advocate-General was maintained, and he was also responsible for the preparation of the necessary material required for several cases which are the subject of litigation.
 


Report of the Judge Advocate General for Fiscal Year finishing 31 March 1928


--------------
Page 1 of 1388                                                            Report starts at p. 1119 of 1388

in Annual Departmental Reports 1927-1928, vol. 2, Report of the Department of National Defence (Militia and Air Services) available at https://archive.org/details/v2annualdepartme1928canauoft (accessed 1 November 2017) 



REPORT OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE-GENERAL [at pp. 1203-1204 of 1388] COURTS- MARTIAL During the fiscal year ending March 31, 1928, 75 District Courts-Martial were convened and held, this being an increase of 23 over the preceding year. Of this number 68 courts were held for the trial of personnel of the Permanent Force and 7 for the trial of personnel of the Royal Canadian Air Force. Of the above number of courts-martial 51 dealt inter alia with offences of desertion and absence without leave, and convictions either of the offence of desertion or that of absence without leave resulted. In 8 instances the sentence awarded was that of imprisonment accompanied by that of discharge with ignominy, 7 of such sentences being commuted to detention, and one sentence oi imprisonment and discharge with ignominy being allowed to stand. Four persons, including one non-commissioned officer, were charged with the offences of offering violence, or using violent or insubordinate language to a superior officer, and a conviction resulted in each such case. Nine persons, including two non-commissioned officers, were charged with stealing or receiving stolen goods; seven of these cases resulted in convictions, and two in acquittals Four more persons were charged with this offence in the fiscal year under review than were so charged during tl^e fiscal year immediately preceding. During the year under review 11 non-commissioned officers were tried by court-martial for various offences, 10 of whom were found " guilty " of the charges laid, and 1 was acquitted. During the year under review there were two instances where the finding and sentence of the court-martial were not confirmed by the confirming authority upon advice from the Judge Advocate- General, and in two further instances the finding and sentence which had been confirmed was quashed upon the instructions of the Judge Advocate-General. It is of interest to note that in both the Permanent Force and Permanent Active Air Force only four cases of drunkenness were dealt with by district court-martial during the year. While the increase in the number of courts-martial held is almost 50 per cent over the number held during the preceding year, such increase is not neces- sarily a reflection on the state of discipline, but is rather indicative of more active measures being taken towards suppressing the commission of Military and Air Force offences, as the deterrent effect of a trial by district court- martial is greater than would be the case were such offences dealt with sum- marily by Commanding Officers. Further, in a number of instances the accused soldier or airman elected trial by court-martial rather than a summary dis- posal of the case by his Commanding Officer, which election would account in some measure for the increase in the number of courts-martial held. It is pleasing to note that the courts-martial held during the fiscal year under review indicate a substantial improvement on the part of all concerned in their knowledge of Military and Air Force law and the administration of the Army Act, the Air Force Act, and the Regulations thereunder. The number of errors and irregularities occurring in these proceedings was considerably less than the number which occurred in preceding years, and the results of the instructions and comments issued and made by the Judge Advocate-General's Office arc now becoming apparent. While there is still considerable room for improvement, nevertheless the situation during the past year, compared with that which prevailed in previous years, is noteworthy and should not be passed by without favourable comment being made thereon. LEGISLATION During the year under review the following Bills were drafted by* the Judge Advocate-General and the necessary information and memoranda pertaining thereto were prepared in his office: — (a) An Act respecting the Royal Military College. (b) An Act respecting certain Canteen Funds. (c) An Act amending the Militia Pension Act. The last mentioned Act made provision whereby the Militia Pension Act was made applicable, with certain modifications, to the Royal Canadian Navy and Permanent Active Air Force. This necessitated the preparation of a con- siderable number of explanatory memoranda. AIR SERVICES Consequent upon it being decided to reorganize the Air Services by way of creating a separate Directorate to administer all Civil Government Air Opera- tions, the Judge Advocate-General was required to advise on the procedure which should be adopted and to prepare the necessary instructions and memo- randa giving effect to the, policy decided upon. Further duties were added to this office in connection with the preparation of the Standard Conditions for Light Aeroplane Clubs and, in addition, the forms of agreements with such clubs were prepared in this office and the advice of the Judge Advocate-General has been sought on numerous matters in con- nection with the formation and administration of these organizations. CONTRACTS There has been a great increase in the number of contracts which have been referred to this office, either for preparation or for advice on various matters which have arisen in connection therewith. In addition certain new forms of contracts have been prepared which are now in use, or which will be adopted shortly. GENERAL There has been a considerable increase in the number of general matters of various descriptions referred to the office of the Judge Advocate-General for advice or action, as well as a large increase in the number of daily interviews. PENSIONS The Judge Advocate-General is a member of the Pensions and Claims Board, and practically all matters pertaining to the administration of the Militia Pension Act are referred to his office for advice.


Report of the Judge Advocate General for Fiscal Year finishing 31 March 1929


--------
Page 1 of 1464                                               Report starts at p. 1203 of 1464

in Annual Departmental Reports 1928-1928, vol. 2, Report of the Department of National Defence (Militia and Air Services) available at  https://archive.org/details/v2annualdepartme1929canauoft (accessed 3 November 2017)

 

REPORT OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE-GENERAL [at p. 1285 of 1464] 

REPORT OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE-GENERAL 

Courts-Martial 

During the fiscal year ending March 31, 1929, fifty-seven District Courts- 
Martial were convened and held, this being a decrease of eighteen compared 
with the number of such courts held in the preceding year. Of these courts- 
martial fifty-five were for the trial of military personnel and two for the trial 
of personnel of the Royal Canadian Air Force. 

Thirty-five courts dealt with charges of desertion and in thirty-one of these 
a further charge of losing arms, clothing and equipment was laid. In one 
instance the finding and sentence of a court-martial, which had been confirmed, 
were quashed on the advice of the Judge Advocate-General, and in two other 
instances it was necessary to quash the conviction on one of several charges 
which had been laid. 

It is evident from a review of the proceedings of all courts-martial held 
during the last fiscal year, that there has been an endeavour on the part of all 
officers concerned to improve their knowledge of military law and court-martial 
procedure, and the number of errors and irregularities which occurred was 
neither very great, nor were they of a particularly serious nature. Neverthe- 
less, it is apparent that there should be established a more comprehensive 
method of instruction in military-law and court-martial procedure, together 
with improved facilities for the dissemmination of advice on technical point* 
connected therewith. 

Iegislation 

During the year under review the only legislation drafted by the Judge 
Advocate-General was a small Bill making certain amendments to the Militia 
Pension Act so as to provide for the computation of officers' pensions on the pay 
and allowances received during the three years immediately preceding retire- 
ment, and to enable pension payable to an officer who for not less than three 
years had been a member or associate member of the Defence Council, being 
computed on the pay and allowances received as such member or associate 
member, should the same be more beneficial to him. 

Orders 
The adoption of a new procedure relating to the issue of Orders and Regu- 
lations resulted in there being established an Orders Committee for each of the 
three services administered by the Department of National Defence, and the 
Judge Advocate-General was appointed chairman of each of these committees. 
Consequently, all General Orders and amendments to Regulations now pass 
through his office, thereby increasing to a considerable extent the duties with 
which that office is normally charged. 

Investigations and Courts of Inquiry 

The Judge Advocate-General carried out several investigations of an 
important nature and, in addition, was in attendance at a number of Courts of 
Inquiry. 

Pensions 

Consequent upon the amendments to the Militia Pension Act made at the 
last session of Parliament, a large number of cases had to be reviewed, thereby 
resulting in a temporary increase in the number of matters normally referred 
to the Judge Advocate-General. Practically all these cases have now been 
examined and dealt with. 

General 

The usual volume of references and requests for opinions was maintained, 
and there was a considerable increase in the number of daily interviews. 




Report of the Judge Advocate General for Fiscal Year finishing 31 March 1930


-----------
Page 1 of 1606                                            This report at pp. 1239- 1333 of 1606


in Annual Departmental Reports 1929-1930, vol. 2, Report of the Department of National Defence (Militia and Air Services) available at https://archive.org/details/v2annualdepartme1930canauoft (accessed 4 November 2017)

 

REPORT OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE-GENERAL [at p. 1319-1320 of 1606]



REPORT OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE-GENERAL
Courts- Martial During the fiscal year ending March 31, 1930, 50 district courts-martial were convened and held, this being a decrease of 7 compared with the number of such courts held in the preceding year; 47 of these courts-martial were for the trial of military personnel and 3 for the trial of personnel of the Royal Cana- dian Air Force. It is evident, from a review of the proceedings of courts-martial held dur- ing the last fiscal year, that considerable improvement is taking place in the knowledge of military law and court-martial procedure of officers performing court-martial duty, and this was reflected in the comparatively small number of observations it was necessary for the reviewing officer to make. Such errors and irregularities as did occur were not of a particularly serious nature and in no case did they invalidate the finding. In only one instance was it necessary for the Judge Advocate-General to advise that the finding and sentence of a court-martial, which had been confirmed, should be quashed. Legislation During the year under review the only legislation drafted by the Judge Advocate-General was a small Bill making certain amendments to the Militia Pension Act so as to remove an anomalous situation respecting the provision of pension for the widow of an officer who dies in the service, when such officer comes within that class of officers to which subsection (2) of section 4 of the Militia Pension Act relates. Investigations, Courts of Inquiry, Committees, etc. The Judge Advocate-General carried out several investigations of an important nature and was also in attendance at a number of Courts of Inquiry. In addition, his duties as Chairman of the respective Orders Committee of the three services encroached, to a considerable extent, upon the time available for the routine duties of his office. Instruction in Military Law During the year under review, a course of instruction in military law for officers of the Permanent Force was organized and carried out. The prepara- tion of the various sets of questions, precis and comments, together with the marking of completed papers, was all done in the office of the Judge Advocate- General, the course itself being administered by the General Staff, which branch has requested that a similar form of instruction be carried out during the com- ing year. General The volume of references and requests for opinions was in excess of the preceding year and the number of daily interviews showed a decided increase. The expansion of the Air Mail Service, necessitating the acquisition of beacon sites and intermediate landing fields, resulted in a considerable increase in the work of the office, due to the numerous contracts and agreements which w^re required, many of them being of a novel type for which no precedents existed. The development of new ideas in the field of aeronautics very frequently necessitated a revision of contracts for the construction of aircraft whilst such construction was in progress, so as to enable the department to obtain the full advantage of such development. This necessitated extreme care being taken so as to ensure that while the department was being fully protected, the several manufacturers were not subjected to conditions impossible of fulfilment. During the year there were made by the Governor General in Council two references pertaining to the regulation of aerial navigation, and the liability of a province to reimburse His Majesty, in the right of the Dominion, for expenditure occasioned through the furnishing of troops in aid of the civil power upon a requisition from the Attorney-General of the province concerned. With respect to both these references, considerable data and preliminary infor- mation was requested of, and furnished by, the Judge Advocate-General. Due to the increase in the volume of work which the office is required to perform, a departmental solicitor was appointed by the Civil Service Com- mission, this being a civilian appointment. The departmental solicitor assists the Judge Advocate-General and acts for him in his absence.


Research Tool that could be used for further research:



"The Information Management Unit is responsible for indexing the parliamentary publications. The team also provides reference assistance to persons seeking information regarding publications.
Telephone: (1) 613-992-8976
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E-mail: indref@parl.gc.ca" (source: http://www.parl.gc.ca/parliamentarians/en/publicationsearch?PubType=1, accessed 6 January 2016)


(posted 26 December 2015; amended 4 and 6 January 2016; and 1-6 November 2017)




-1931, from the Report of the Department of National Defence Canada for the Fiscal Year Ending March 31 1931 (Militia and Air Services), Ottawa: King's Printer 1931,
at p. 73; obtained from DND, Access to Information and Privacy, file A-2018-02034, dated 29 March 2019:

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 - 1932, from the Report of the Department of National Defence Canada for the Fiscal Year Ending March 31 1932 (Militia and Air Services), Ottawa: F.A. Ackland,
King's Printer 1932, at p. 74; obtained from DND, Access to Information and Privacy, file A-2018-02034, dated 29 March 2019;


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- 1933, from the Report of the Department of National Defence Canada for the Fiscal Year Ending March 31 1933 Part 1 --Militia and Air Services  Part II - Naval
Service, Ottawa: J.O. Patenaude, King's Printer 1934, at p. 74; obtained from DND, Access to Information and Privacy, file A-2018-02034, dated 29 March 2019;


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- 1934, from the Report of the Department of National Defence Canada for the Fiscal Year Ending March 31 1934, Ottawa: J.O. Patenaude, King's Printer 1934, at p. 7; obtained from DND, Access to Information and Privacy, file A-2018-02034, dated 29 March 2019;


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-1935, from the Report of the Department of National Defence Canada for the Fiscal Year Ending March 31 1935, Ottawa: J.O. Patenaude, King's Printer 1935, at p. 7; obtained from DND, Access to Information and Privacy, file A-2018-02034, dated 29 March 2019;  copy at CWM LIBRARY / BIBLIOTHÈQUE DU MCG : GEN UA 600.5 A35;


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- 1936, from the Report of the Department of National Defence Canada for the Fiscal Year Ending March 31 1936, Ottawa: J.O. Patenaude, King's Printer 1936, at p. 7; obtained from DND, Access to Information and Privacy, file A-2018-02034, dated 29 March 2019; copy at CWM LIBRARY / BIBLIOTHÈQUE DU MCG : GEN UA 600.5 A35;



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-1937,  from the Report of the Department of National Defence Canada for the Fiscal Year Ending March 31 1937, Ottawa: J.O. Patenaude, King's Printer 1937, at p. 7; obtained from DND, Access to Information and Privacy, file A-2018-02034, dated 29 March 2019; copy at CWM LIBRARY / BIBLIOTHÈQUE DU MCG : GEN UA 600.5 A35; copy at CWM LIBRARY / BIBLIOTHÈQUE DU MCG : GEN UA 600.5 A35;


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- 1938, from the Report of the Department of National Defence Canada for the Fiscal Year Ending March 31 1938, Ottawa: J.O. Patenaude, King's Printer 1938, at p. 7; obtained from DND, Access to Information and Privacy, file A-2018-02034, dated 29 March 2019; copy at CWM LIBRARY / BIBLIOTHÈQUE DU MCG : GEN UA 600.5 A35; copy at CWM LIBRARY / BIBLIOTHÈQUE DU MCG : GEN UA 600.5 A35;  copy at CWM LIBRARY / BIBLIOTHÈQUE DU MCG : GEN UA 600.5 A35;


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- 1939, from the Report of the Department of National Defence Canada for the Fiscal Year Ending March 31 1939, Ottawa: J.O. Patenaude, King's Printer 1939, at p. 7; obtained from DND, Access to Information and Privacy, file A-2018-02034, dated 29 March 2019; copy at CWM LIBRARY / BIBLIOTHÈQUE DU MCG : GEN UA 600.5 A35; copy at CWM LIBRARY / BIBLIOTHÈQUE DU MCG : GEN UA 600.5 A35;  copy at CWM LIBRARY / BIBLIOTHÈQUE DU MCG : GEN UA 600.5 A35; copy at CWM LIBRARY / BIBLIOTHÈQUE DU MCG : GEN UA 600.5 A35;


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- 1940,  from the Report of the Department of National Defence Canada for the Fiscal Year Ending March 31 1940, Ottawa: J.O. Patenaude, King's Printer 1940, at pp. 8-9; obtained from DND, Access to Information and Privacy, file A-2018-02034, dated 29 March 2019; copy at CWM LIBRARY / BIBLIOTHÈQUE DU MCG : GEN UA 600.5 A35; copy at CWM LIBRARY / BIBLIOTHÈQUE DU MCG : GEN UA 600.5 A35;  copy at CWM LIBRARY / BIBLIOTHÈQUE DU MCG : GEN UA 600.5 A35; copy at CWM LIBRARY / BIBLIOTHÈQUE DU MCG : GEN UA 600.5 A35; copy at CWM LIBRARY / BIBLIOTHÈQUE DU MCG : GEN UA 600.5 A35;


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Reports of the Judge Advocate General from Fiscal Year finishing 31 March 1941 to
Fiscal Year finishing 31 March 1950 (obtained
from DND, Access to Information and Privacy,
file A-2019-00058, dated 7 May 2019),  available at http://www.lareau-legal.ca/A-2019-00058.pdf

Reports of the Judge Advocate General from Fiscal Year finishing 31 March 1951 to
Fiscal Year 1954-55 obtained from DND, Access to Information and Privacy,
file A-2019-00287, dated 11 June 2019, see http://www.lareau-legal.ca/A-2019-00287.pdf
(put on line on 25 June 2019); note: annual reports end with 1954-55;

.JAG publications are under  "Manuals/Manuels" at  http://www.lareau-law.ca/military.2M-R.html
    Les publications du JAG sont sous
"Manuals/Manuels" à http://www.lareau-law.ca/military.2M-R.html


. Annual Reports of the Director of Military Prosecutions (DMP)  / Reports annuels du directeur des poursuites militaires (DPM)   
Regulatory requirement for an Annual Report
The position of the Director of Military Prosecutions (DMP) was established when the amendments to the
National Defence Act (NDA) in Section 35 of the Statutes of Canada came into force on 1 September 1999.
The Queen’s Regulations and Orders (QR&O) for the Canadian Forces were also amended effective 1
September 1999 and provide at Volume II, article 110.11 that:

The Director of Military Prosecutions shall report annually to the Judge Advocate
General on the execution of his or her duties and functions.” [DMP Annual Report, 1999-2000]
----
Prescription d'un rapport annuel

Le poste de Directeur des poursuites militaires (DPM) a été créé lorsque les modifications
apportées à la Loi sur la défense nationale (LDN) à l'article 35 des Statuts du Canada sont
entrées en vigueur le 1er septembre 1999. Les Ordonnances et règlements royaux applicables
aux Forces canadiennes (ORFC) ont aussi été modifiés à compter du 1er septembre 1999, et
il est stipulé à l'article 110.11 du Volume II que :
« Le directeur des poursuites militaires fait un rapport annuel portant
sur l'exercice de ses fonctions au juge-avocat général. » [Rapport annuel du DPM, 1999-2000]




    Image source: http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/about-reports-pubs-military-law-dmp-2014-15/index.page#mess, accessed 4 August 2015
          Canadian Military Prosecution Service 2014 
Front row, from the left:
Aloumeh Torani, Douglas (Doug) Curliss, Steve Richards,  Bruce MacGregor, next three unidentified
Back row, from the left:
Darin Reeves, Dylan Kerr, Maureen Pecknold, unidentified person, Robert (Rob) Rooney, Philippe Doucet, Prem Rawal – unidentified person and Jay Simpson
(Nous remercions Pascal Lévesque pour son aide à identifier les membres du JAG, 27 février 2018)
 

  

    2017-2018
(E)-(F), sent to JAG, dated 15 June 2018, signed by Colonel B.W. MacGregor, Annex D of the JAG annual report
    2016-2017 (E)-(F), sent to JAG, 12 May 2017,
signed by Colonel B.W. MacGregor
    2015-2016 (E)-(F), sent to JAG, 8 May 2016, signed by Colonel B.W. MacGregor
    2014-2015 (E)-(F), sent to JAG, 8 May 2015, signed by Colonel B.W. MacGregor
    2013-2014 (E)-(F), sent to JAG, 5 September 2014, signed by Colonel J.M.A. Léveillée 
    2012-2013 (E)-(F), undated, from
Colonel J.M.A. Léveillée
    2011-2012 (E)-(F),
undated, from Colonel J.M.A. Léveillée
    2010-2011 (E)-(F), undated, footnote 1 reads:
"The DMP for the reporting period was Captain (Navy) J.C. Maguire, who was appointed to a four year term on 19 September 2009.
    2009-2010 (E)-(F), Annex C of the JAG annual report
    2008-2009 (E)-(F), Annex D of the JAG annual report
    2007-2008 (E) as Annex C, pp. 73-110 of the JAG annual report - (F) voir l'Annexe C, aux pp. 79-114 du rapport annuel du JAG
    2006-2007 (E)-(F) voir l'Annexe C, aux pp. 73-84 du rapport annuel du JAG
    2005-2006 (E) as Annex J, pp. 125-153 of the JAG annual report-(F) voir l'Annexe J, aux pp. 133-164 du rapport annuel du JAG
    2004-2005 (E)-(F) voir l'Annexe J, aux pp. 139-148 du rapport annuel du JAG
    2003-2004 (E)-(F)
    2002-2003 (E)-(F)
    2001-2002 (E)-(F)
    2000-2001 (E)-(F)
    1999-2000 (E
) as Appendix 2 of the JAG annual report-(F) voir l'Appendice 2 du rapport annuel du JAG




. Annual Reports of the Director of Defence Counsel Services (DDCS)  / Reports annuels du directeur du service d'avocats de la défense (DSAD)
    2017-2018 (E)-(F), sent to JAG, dated 30 May 2018, signed by Colonel D.K. Fullerton, Annex E of the JAG annual report
    2016-2017 (E)-(F)
    2015-2016 (E)-(F)

    2014-2015 (E)-(F)
    2013-2014 (E)-(F)
    2012-2013 (E)-(F)
    2011-2012 (E)-(F)
    2010-2011 (E)-(F)
    2009-2010 (E)-(F)
    2008-2009 (E)-(F)
    2007-2008 (E) as Annex D, pp. 111-126 of the JAG annual report - (F) voir l'Annexe D, pp. 115, 130 du rapport annuel du JAG
    2006-2007 (E) as Annex D, pp. 85-102 of the JAG annual report - (F) voir l'Annexe D, pp. 85-10 du rapport annuel du JAG
    2005-2006 (E) as Annex I, pp. 109-124 of the JAG annual report - (F) voir l'Annexe I, pp. 117-132 du rapport annuel du JAG
    2004-2005 (E) as Annex I, pp. 115-128 of the JAG annual report - (F) voir l'Annexe I, pp. 123-137 du rapport annuel du JAG
    2003-2004 (E) as Annex I, pp. 109-118 of the JAG annual report - (F) v
oir l'Annexe I, pp. 109-119 du rapport annuel du JAG
    2002-2003 (E) as Annex I, pp. 105-113 of the JAG annual report - (F) voir l'Annexe I, pp. 111-120 du rapport annuel du JAG
    2001-2002 (E) - (F)
    2000-2001 (E) - (F)
    1999-2000 (E) as Appendix 1 of the JAG annual report-(F) voir l'Appendice 1 du rapport annuel du JAG


 
. JAG Business Plans
   
Fiscal year 2008-2009 at http://web.archive.org/web/20120112213239/http://www.forces.gc.ca/jag/publications/office-cabinet/Bus-Plan-Activites-08-09-eng.pdf

    Fiscal year 2006-2007 at http://web.archive.org/web/20110926083801/http://www.forces.gc.ca/jag/publications/office-cabinet/Bus-Plan-Activites-06-07-fra.pdf
    research note: Judge Advocate General, Level 1 Business Plan, FY 99/00-03/04 is found in (July to December 1998 4(1) JAG Newsletter/Bulletin d'actualités du JAG



. JAG Annual Performance Report
                     
2006-2007 published but not available yet under current research
                      2005-2006, (E)**(F)                   
                      2004-2005 published?
                      2003-2004, (E)**(F)
                      2002-2003, (E)
**(F) 
                      2001-2002, (E)
**(F)
                      2000-2001, (E)
**(F)
                      1999-2000, (E)
**(F)

. JAG --Summary Trials Reporting

                    2000-2001 (E)**(F)

.
JAG Military Justice Compliance Survey

   2002-2003(E)




. Office of the JAG -- Strategic Letter 
       2000-2001
(E)**(F)

. JAG --Military Justice Compliance Surveys

Military Justice Compliance Survey 2005 - 2006 / Sondage portant sur la conformité de justice militaire 2005 - 2006

Military Justice Compliance Survey 2004 - 2005 / Sondage portant sur la conformité de justice militaire 2004 - 2005

Military Justice Compliance Survey 2003 - 2004 / Sondage portant sur la conformité de justice militaire 2003 - 2004

Military Justice Compliance Survey 2002 - 2003 /Sondage portant sur la conformité de justice militaire 2002 - 2003

Military Justice Compliance Survey 2001 - 2002 /Sondage portant sur la conformité de justice militaire 2001 - 2002

Military Justice Compliance Survey 2000 - 2001 /Sondage portant sur la conformité de justice militaire 2000 - 2001



.  CF Military Law Center  (CFMLC) / Le centre de droit militaire
    -
Internet Archives  (2009-2013)

  


JAG Survey of the Summary Trial Process / Sondage sur le processus des procès sommaires


          Sondage portant sur la conformité de justice militaire 2005 - 2006  C


Court Martial Appeal Court / Cour d'appel de la Cour martiale

. Court Martial Appeal Court/Cour d'appel de la cour martiale
    Internet Archives (2001-2015)



...Asticou Courtroom
Office of the Chief Military Judge/Cabinet du Juge militaire en chef
   Internet Archives (2011-2014)

     Internet Archives (2009-2015)


Office of the AJAG Europe  / Bureau de l'AJAG en Europe
. Office of the AJAG Europe ---Bureau de l'AJAG en Europe


Office of the Legal Advisor to the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces -- DND/CF LA /
Cabinet de la Conseillère juridique auprès du Ministère de la défense nationale et des forces canadiennes -- CJ MDN/FC

web site available at http://www.dndcfla.forces.gc.ca/en/home.page  (accessed on 4 January 2013)
site disponible à http://www.dndcfla.forces.gc.ca/fr/accueil.page? (vérifié le 4 janvier 2013)

DND -- CF  / MDN -- FC
Department of National Defence / Canadian Forces ---Internet Archives


- www.dnd.ca -- Internet Archives for dnd.ca  (back to 30 January 1997)
- www.forces.gc.ca -- Internet Archives www.forces.gac.ca  (back to 14 April 2002)
Internet Archives 1997-2007  -- Internet Archives 1997-2004 (E)  -- Internet Archives 1997-2004 (F)
www.forces.gc.ca -- Internet Archives www.forces.gac.ca  (back to 14 April 2002)
Internet Archives 1997-2007  -- Internet Archives 1997-2004 (E)  -- Internet Archives 1997-2004 (F)


·
Veterans Affairs CA Verified account @VeteransENG_CA




Miscellaneous DND Sites


War, Peace & Security / Guerre, Paix et sécurité


- Assistant Deputy Minister (Policy)  /  Sous-ministre adjoint (Politiques) Archives 2013-2015**Archives 2010-2013


 

Canadian Army Lessons Learned Centre (ALLC)





...
Military Police /Police militaire* Archives 2009-2013**Archives 2013-2015


------
- Provost Marshal Annual Report 1997
- Provost Marshal Annual Report 1998
- Provost Marshal Annual Report 1999
- Provost Marshal Annual Report 2000
- Provost Marshall Annual Report 2001-2002 (released under Access to Information Act file A-2015-01878; ask for a free copy)
- Provost Marshall Annual Report 2002-2003 (released under Access to Information Act file A-2015-01878; ask for a free copy)
- Provost Marshall Annual Report 2003-2004 (released under Access to Information Act file A-2015-01878; ask for a free copy)
- Provost Marshall Annual Report 2004-2005 (released under Access to Information Act file A-2015-01878; ask for a free copy)
- Provost Marshal Annual Reports 2005-2006 (released under Access to Information Act file A-2015-00585; ask for a free copy)
- Provost Marshal Annual Reports 2006-2007 (released under Access to Information Act file A-2015-00585; ask for a free copy)
- Provost Marshal Annual Reports 2007-2008 (released under Access to Information Act file A-2015-00585; ask for a free copy)
- Provost Marshal Annual Reports 2008-2009 (released under Access to Information Act file A-2015-00585; ask for a free copy)
- Provost Marshal Annual Reports 2009-2010 (released under Access to Information Act file A-2015-00585; ask for a free copy)
- Provost Marshal Annual Report 2010
- Provost Marshal Annual Report 2011
- Provost Marshal Annual Report 2012-13
- Provost Marshal Annual Report 2013-14
- Provost Marshal Annual Report 2014-15
- Provost Marshal Annual Report 2015-16



...
Military Grievances External Review Committee (formerly Canadian Forces Grievance Board)/
    Comité Comité externe d'examen des griefs militaires (anciennement le Comité des griefs des Forces canadiennes)

Annuels Reports -- Rapports annuels

2015: DG1-1-2015-eng.pdf (PDF, 7.02 MB). et: DG1-1-2015-fra.pdf (PDF, 7.20 Mo).
2014 : DG1-1-2014-eng.pdf (PDF, 3.13 MB). et DG1-1-2014-fra.pdf (PDF, 3.16 Mo). .

2013:  DG1-1-2013-eng.pdf (PDF, 8.00 MB). et DG1-1-2013-fra.pdf (PDF, 8.06 Mo). .



Military Police Complaints Commission   /  Commission d'examen des plaintes concernant la police militaire du Canada
   
    Annual Reports -- Rapports annuels




Ombudsman -- National Defence and Canadian Forces / Défense nationale et Forces canadiennes   Archives 2002-2014

Annual Reports -- Rapports annuels

2014-2015: D70-2015-eng.pdf (PDF, 2.12 MB). et D70-2015-fra.pdf (PDF, 1.96 Mo)
2013-2014: D70-2014-eng.pdf (PDF, 1472 KB). et D70-2014-fra.pdf (PDF, 1399 Ko).

2012-2013: D70-2013-eng.pdf (PDF, 1.05 MB). et D70-2013-fra.pdf (PDF, 997 Ko).
2011-2012: D70-2012-eng.pdf (PDF, 3.66 MB). et D70-2012-fra.pdf (PDF, 2.28 Mo).
2010-2011: D70-2011-eng.pdf (PDF, 1.87 MB). et D70-2011-fra.pdf (PDF, 6.44 Mo)
2009-2010: D70-2010-eng.pdf (PDF, 1.07 MB). et D70-2010-fra.pdf (PDF, 1.12 Mo)
2008-2009: D70-2009-eng.pdf (PDF, 2.69 MB). et D70-2009-fra.pdf (PDF, 2.97 Mo)
2007-2008: D70-2008-eng.pdf (PDF, 2.75 MB). et D70-2008-fra.pdf (PDF, 2.25 Mo)
2006-2007: D70-2007-eng.pdf (PDF, 2.91 MB). et D70-2007-fra.pdf (PDF, 2.38 Mo)
2005-2006: D70-2006E.pdf (PDF, 2602 KB). et D70-2006F2.pdf (PDF, 1439 Ko)
2004-2005:D70-2005E.pdf (PDF, 1795 KB). et D70-2005F.pdf (PDF, 1838 Ko)
2003-2004:D70-2004E.pdf (PDF, 1423 KB). et D70-2004F.pdf (PDF, 1439 Ko)
2002-2003: D70-2003E.pdf (PDF, 431 KB). et D70-2003F.pdf (PDF, 411 Ko).
2001-2002: D70-2002E.pdf (PDF, 575 KB). et D70-2002F.pdf (PDF, 550 Ko)
2000-2001: D70-2001E.pdf (PDF, 1.42 MB). et D70-2001F.pdf (PDF, 1.45 Mo).
1999-2000: D70-2000E.pdf (PDF, 651 KB). et D70-2000F.pdf (PDF, 651 Ko)
1998-1999:D70-1999E.pdf (PDF, 807 KB). et D70-1999F.pdf (PDF, 807 Ko)


- CF College Papers 
Canadian Forces College Catalogue
Royal Military College of Canada Library
 
Index a-z

Canadian Forces Leadership Institute -- Links
Canadian Forces Virtual Library 

- Canadian Defence Academy / Académie canadienne de la défense

Canadian Forces College  / Collège des Forces canadiennes

-  The Canadian Army Journal / Le journal de l'armée du Canada


-  Canadian Military Journal /  Revue militaire canadienne


Officer Professional Military Education (OPME)

Royal Canadian Air Force

Canadian Army

- Royal Canadian Navy


-----------------
DND  Performance Reports                        DND Plans and Priorities
name changed to "Departmental                name changed to "Departmental
Results Report" (DRR) since                       Plan (DP) since 2017-2018
2016-17                     
                                                     
                                                          ---        2017-2018                    
2016-2017                                         ---        2016-2017
2015-2016                                         ---        2015-2016
2014-2015                                         ---        2014-2015                                                         
2013-2014                                         ---        2013-2014
2012-2013                                        ---         2012-2013      
2011-2012                                        ---         2011-2012
2010-2011                                        ---         2010-2011
2009-2010                                        ---         2009-2010
2008-2009                                        ---         2008-2009
2007-2008                                        ---         2007-2008
2006-2007                                        ---         2006-2207
2005-2006                                        ---         2005-2006
2004-2005                                        ---         2004-2005
2003-2004                                        ---         2003-2004
2002-2003                                        ---         2002-2003
2001-2002                                        ---         2001-2002
2000-2001                                        ---         2000-2001
1999-2000                                        ---
1998-1999                                        ---         1998-1999
1997-1998                                        ---         1997-1998
1996-1997                                        ---







DND Dead Sites

Military Justice Stakeholders Committee (MJSC) -- http://web.archive.org/web/20060709133744/http://www.vcds.forces.gc.ca/dgsp/pubs/commit/mjsc_e.asp  /
    Comité des intervenants en justice militaire (CIJM) -- http://web.archive.org/web/20050318143837/http://www.vcds.forces.gc.ca/dgsp/pubs/commit/mjsc_f.asp
 
Canadian Forces Code of Service Discipline Committee (CFCSDC) -- http://web.archive.org/web/20060709133849/http://www.vcds.forces.gc.ca/dgsp/pubs/commit/cfcsd_e.asp  /
    Comité du Code de discipline militaire des Forces canadiennes (CCDMFC) -- http://web.archive.org/web/20050318144059/http://www.vcds.forces.gc.ca/dgsp/pubs/commit/cfcsd_f.asp

Legal Risk Management Committee (LRMC) -- http://web.archive.org/web/20060709134016/http://www.vcds.forces.gc.ca/dgsp/pubs/commit/lrmc_e.asp /
   Comité de gestion des risques juridiques (CGRJ) -- http://web.archive.org/web/20050318144035/http://www.vcds.forces.gc.ca/dgsp/pubs/commit/lrmc_f.asp



Defence Policy Archives / Archives des politiques de défense

"Canada First" Defence Strategy (2008)**La stratégie défense "Le Canada d'abord" (2008)
Defence Policy Statement (2005)**Énoncé de la politique de défense (2005)
Defence Policy White Paper (1994)**Livre blanc sur la défense (1994)
Canadian Defence Policy (1992)**La politique de défense du canada (1992)
Defence Update (1988-1989)***Le point sur les questions de défense (1988-1989)
Challenge and Commitment(1987)**Défis et engagement (1987)
Defence in the 70s (1971)**La défense dans les années 70 (1971)*
White Paper on Defence (1964)**Livre blanc sur la défense (1964)




JAG Periodicals & Annual Reports / Périodiques et rapports annuels
du JAG


- Canadian Forces Judge Advocate General Journal
, 1985-1989  / Revue du JAG des Forces canadiennes, 1985-1989;


JAG Monthly Letters, 1951-1975?; available at the JAG library; contains, inter alia, charge sheets of the courts martials; published by JAG and intended for its Legal Officers;  disponible à la Bibliothèque du  JAG, comprend notamment les actes d'accusations aux cours martiales; publié par JAG à l'intention des avocats des Forces canadiennes;


- JAG Military Letters, 1975-1982-; available at the JAG library; contains, inter alia, charge sheets of the courts martials; published by JAG and intended for its Legal Officers; disponible à la Bibliothèque  du JAG, comprend notamment les actes d'accusations aux cours martiales; publié par le JAG à l'intention des avocats des Forces canadiennes;


......... sample issues
JAG Newsletter
/ JAG Bulletin d'actualités , 1997-?;  available at the JAG library, published by JAG and intended for its Legal Officers / disponible à la Bibliothèque du JAG; publié par le JAG à l'intention des avocats des Forces canadiennes;