Canadian Military Law -- Part II
Bibliography M to R /
Droit militaire canadien
-- Partie II
Bibliographie M à R
sites on Canadian military law
Part II -- Bibliography: A-B--C-D--E-G--H-L--M-R--S-Z
I -- Canadian Military Law --
Inquiry & Government Reaction
- 1995-1997: Somalia Inquiry
- Departmental Reaction to Somalia Inquiry
- Special Advisory Group on Military Justice and Military Police Investigation Services
January 1997 to July 1997
- The Special Senate Committee on the Canadian Airborne Regiment in Somalia (April 1997)
- The Report to the Prime Minister on the Leadership and Management of the Canadian Forces (March 1997)
- Minister's Monitoring Committee on Change in the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces (October 1997 to 1999)
- Bill C-25--An Act to amend the National Defence Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts
(Royal Assent, 10 December 1998)
- 2003 -- Five Year Review of Bill C-25
- 2011 -- Second Five Year Review of Bill C-25
Bills 1999-2012 on National Defence Act
Affairs -- Sexual Misconduct
Martial Comprehensive Review 2016-2017
& DND Web Sites
Regulations and Orders
- Superseded Legislation
Sites of Interest
Bibliography M to
Bibliographie M à R
OTTAWA—Canada’s top soldier is issuing the first-ever guidelines for Canadian military personnel on how to deal with child soldiers in advance of deployment to Africa, the Star has learned.
Called the CAF Child Soldiers Doctrine, it is not country-specific but will provide overarching principles to military personnel, no matter what the mission or mandate.
The military’s guidelines will make clear that all Canadian Armed Forces personnel have a legal duty to report any such violations, and it recognizes that the issue of child soldiers “needs to be better addressed within Canadian Forces doctrine.”
Eight senior lawyers who are security-cleared to challenge classified evidence in closed-court terrorism cases have added their voices to a chorus
calling for changes to the government’s anti-terror bill.
The eight lawyers have first-hand knowledge of CSIS’ activities in national security cases; all are “special advocates” on a roster approved by the
federal justice department, and are appointed by Canadian courts to ensure top secret evidence is properly tested when Ottawa seeks to deport terror suspects.
The submission was made on behalf of lawyers Gordon Cameron, Paul Cavalluzzo, Paul Copeland, Denis Couture, François Dadour, Anil Kapoor,
John Norris and Lorne Waldman. The Conservative-dominated committee denied their request to testify.
Macdonald, Margaret-Ann, "Honours", JAG Newsletter,
volume 1, 2003 at p. 7; research note: we worked together in
Lahr; very nice person (dixit François Lareau);
"In July 2002, LCol Margaret-Ann Macdonald was awarded the Chief of Staff Commendation for Exceptional
Service by Admiral Sir Ian Garnett, SHAPE Chief of Staff, in recognition of her professional excellence,
primarily in relation to the NATO-led operations in the Balkans. This prestigious award cited her ceaseless
enthusiasm within the Office of the SHAPE Legal Advisor during a period of almost 5 years, and noted that
her efforts 'consistently showed her to be a master of her legal craft and NATO procedures.' As well, it cited
her critical value to operators, both in SHAPE and in the field."
Nova Scotia's medical examiner has ruled out conducting a fatality inquiry into a horrific murder suicide
involving a former Canadian soldier who killed his wife, mother and young daughter before killing himself
in the family's rural home earlier this year.
Lionel Desmond, a 33-year-old veteran of the war in Afghanistan who suffered from post-traumatic stress
disorder, took his own life after shooting his 52-year-old mother, his wife Shanna, 31, and their 10-year-daughter
Ralph MacDonald: image source: Google Image, accessed on 31 May 2014
MACDONALD, LCol (ret'd) Ralph, 1922-2010, notes on:
After serving in Vancouver and back in Edmonton, he was called to the Alberta Bar in 1956 and transferred to the Judge Advocate
General's branch. Ralph's more than 30 years of service as a legal officer took him to Ottawa, Winnipeg, Calgary, Lahr and finally
back to Ottawa. Along the way, he was a minor hockey coach, Cub leader and Group Committee chair. One of his proudest
accomplishments was the two years he spent as president of the Canadian Forces Europe senior hockey league. By 1988, when he
retired at the age of 65, Ralph was the oldest member and last Second World War veteran serving in the Regular Force.
He then began his second career, serving another 10 years as a civilian in the Department of National Defence.
(source: http://www.inmemoriam.ca/view-announcement-201182-lcol-ret-d-ralph-fraser-macdonald-cd.html, accessed on 31 May 2014)
MacGILLIVRAY, Don, "Military Aid to the Civil Power", (1974) 3(2) Acadiensis 45-64; available at http://journals.hil.unb.ca/index.php/Acadiensis/article/view/11354/12104 (accessed on 6 December 2011);
Bruce MacGregor, photo reproduced from: live.ottawacitizen.com/Event/Live_blog_Military_complaints_commission_hearing_Monday_Sept_10
__________"Canadian Military Boards of Inquiry in the Line of Fire of Procedural Fairness", (2007) 1 JAG Les actualités Newsletter 54-74;
___________LinkedIn, available at https://ca.linkedin.com/in/bruce-macgregor-9a364663 (accessed 3 December 2015);
___________Testimony, Military Police Complaints Commission, Fynes Public Interest Hearings, Transcript of Proceedings, 10 September 2012, Volume 44, pp. 1-155, available at http://mdlo.ca/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/ and go to the date of 10 September 2012 (accessed 30 December 2015);
___________"Message from the Chair" (April/Avril 2008) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; available at http://www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters/mil-2008/news.aspx (accessed on 26 April 2012);
___________"Mot du président" (April/Avril 2008) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; disponible à http://www.cba.org/abc/nouvelles/mil-2008/nouvelles.aspx#article10 (site visité le 26 avril 2012);
____________"Role of the Military Justice System: Accountability of Soldiers and Commanders during Deployment", presented at 10th Seminar for Legal Advisors, Legal Advisors and International Military Operations on the African Continent, 6-10 May 2014, Galway, International Society for Military Law and law of War, available at http://www.ismllw.org/seminaires/2014_05_06_Galway_textes%20des%20orateurs/2014_05_08_03%20LtCol%20MacGregor.pdf (accessed on 12 February 2015);
MacINNIS, LCdr D.M., "Cyber Warfare, The Law of Armed Conflict, ROE and the Sufficiency of International Law", Canadian Forces College, JCSP 40, Exercise Solo Flight, 2016, 12 p.; available at http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/290/301/305/MacInnis.pdf (accessed 2 February 2017);
“You deserted in a fit of pique and (that) persisted over many hours,” said Gibson. He likened de Jong’s behaviour to a child who “picks
up their marbles and goes home.”
The judge said discipline in the Canadian Armed Forces is crucial. Every officer is not only supposed to instill discipline in the troops he
or she leads, but must show self-discipline and that is what de Jong lacks, he said.
“You committed one of the most grievous breaches of trust.
“You are not a young sailor flush with the immaturity of youth,” he admonished.“This is not behaviour that can be tolerated in any member, much less a commissioned officer. … One does not run away.
Following the war, John returned to Halifax where he used his veteran’s benefits to attend Dalhousie University Law School,
graduating in 1949. He re-joined the Army, as a member of the Judge Advocate General’s Branch. He served with the Canadian
Infantry Brigade Group in Korea in 1952-53 and retired from the Army in 1969 after postings in Shilo, Borden, Ottawa, Germany
and Winnipeg. He took up a new position in 1970 as legal advisor to the Atomic Energy Control Board. He was appointed a Queen’s
Counsel for his contributions to the writing of legislation and regulations governing the use of nuclear energy. John finished his public
service in the Department of Justice.
Following the war, John returned to Halifax where he used his veteran's benefits to attend Dalhousie University Law School, graduating in 1949. He re-joined the Army, as a member of the Judge Advocate General's Branch. He served with the Canadian Infantry Brigade Group in Korea in 1952-53 and retired from the Army in 1969 after postings in Shilo, Borden, Ottawa, Germany and Winnipeg. He took up a new position in 1970 as Legal Advisor to the Atomic Energy Control Board. He was appointed a Queen's Counsel for his contributions to the writing of legislation and regulations governing the use of nuclear energy. John finished his public service in the Department of Justice. - See more at: http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/ottawacitizen/obituary.aspx?pid=176225518#sthash.n4BfWFWR.dpuf
- before the House of Commons Standing Committee on National Defence, meeting number 62, 30 January 2013, minutes and evidence;
- before the Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, issue 37, 23 May 2013, minutes and evidence;
Image source: artsandsciences.sc.edu/hist/s-p-mackenzie, accessed 7 April 2017
MacKENZIE, S.P., “The Shackling Crisis: A Case-Study in the Dynamics of Prisoner-of-War Diplomacy in the Second World War”, (February 1995) 17(1) International History Review 78-98;
MacKIE, Christopher S.T., "The Law of (Heraldic) Arms: Military's Law's Long Lost Cousin", (May/Mai 2011) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; available at http://www.cba.org/cba/newsletters-sections/2011/2011-03_military.aspx and
http://www.cba.org/cba/newsletters-sections/2011/2011-03_military.aspx#article9 and http://www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters-sections/pdf/2011-03_ss3.pdf (accessed on 30 April 2012);
MacKIE, Christopher S.T., "Le droit des armoiries : le cousin perdu du droit militaire", (May/Mai 2011) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; disponible à http://www.cba.org/ABC/nouvelles-sections/2011/2011-03_military.aspx et http://www.cba.org/ABC/nouvelles-sections/2011/2011-03_military.aspx#article7 (site visité le 30 avril 2012);
MacKINNON, Leslie, "Top court upholds military justice system.
Defence minister can carry on filing appeals of court martial
decisions, judges rule", i Politics, 22 July 2016;
available at https://ipolitics.ca/2016/07/22/top-court-upholds-military-justice-system/
(accessed 22 August 2016);
MacLEAN, Lieutenant-Colonel D.A., "Rules of Engagement and the Peacekeeper's Dilemma", AMSC 3 (Advanced Military Studies Course 3), Canadian Forces College, circa 2000, 26 p.; available at http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/260/263/macleand2.pdf (accessed on 17 June 2012);
The use of force by soldiers deployed on United Nations peacekeeping missions iscontrolled by Rules of Engagement (ROE). Depending on the mandate, some peacekeeping
missions have allowed peacekeepers to use force only in self-defence. In areas torn by civil
war or ethnic strife, soldiers have sometimes witnessed crimes and violent acts perpetratedagainst defenceless non-combatants. Depending on the mandate of the peacekeeping force
and on the ROE that have been prepared for the mission, soldiers may be precluded fromintervening due to their ROE. This paper argues that the restrictive nature of peacekeeping
ROE may create a situation where soldiers deployed on peacekeeping operations must dealwith ethical and moral dilemmas. The potential for such situations is so widespread that this
phenomena is not just isolated, but instead should be considered a real concern for all soldiers
deployed on peacekeeping operations
MacLEANS MAGAZINE, "Somalia Inquiry's Damning Report", 14 July 1997, available at http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/somalia-inquirys-damning-report/#links (accessed 10 May 2017);
As well, some Liberals suggested that Eggleton felt it important to look especially decisive in order to win the confidence of senior officers.
From the outset, the Liberals expected the report to be tough on them - and suggested, in part, that the commissioners were motivated by
their frustration over the decision to end the hearings. "We gave these guys $25 million and 27 months, and it still wasn't enough for them,"
complained one PMO official. "How much is enough?"
Image source: ctvnews.ca/col-williams-assaulted-victim-after-she-had-seizures-1.564944, accessed 7 April 2017
MacLEANS MAGAZINE, "Russell Williams no
longer a colonel. Convicted serial killer
officially stripped of his rank", macleans.ca, 22 October 2010;
available at http://www.macleans.ca/news/canada/russell-williams-no-longer-a-colonel/
(accessed 16 January 2017);
1. On 21 Oct 10, Mr. Russell Williams, former Commander of 8 Wing, was sentenced to two concurrent terms of life in prison with no chance of parole for 25 years for the first-degree murders of Cpl Marie France Comeau and Mrs. Jessica Lloyd.
4. With the conviction and sentencing completed, and following my recommendation, the Governor General has revoked his commission, an extraordinary and severe decision that may constitute a first of its kind in Canadian history.
5. Further, the following actions will now be taken:
A. Stripping Mr. Williams of his medals
B. Termination and recovery of his pay from the date of arrest
C. Denial of severance pay; and
D. His prompt release from the CF under “service misconduct” – which is the most serious release item possible.
6. As a consequence of his release from the CF for “service misconduct” and of the revocation of his commission, Mr. Williams no longer possesses a rank as a member of the CF.
7. I wish to point out that under the CF superannuation act, there are no grounds to revoke his pension and a court martial would not have any impact on these accrued benefits.
8. Some have questioned why Mr. Williams has not also been charged under the military justice system. I believe we need to understand why this is so. This is because there is no jurisdiction under the code of service discipline to try persons charged with murder where those murders took place in Canada. Mr. Williams was therefore tried and convicted of all of these 88 charges under the Criminal Code of Canada by a civilian court. Additionally there will be no further court martial on these matters because the National Defence Act specifically prevents an individual from being tried by court martial where the offence or any other substantially similar offence arising out of the same underlying facts have been previously dealt with by a civilian court. This basic principle sometimes known as “double jeopardy” is fundamental within our civilian and military justice system. With his current convictions and sentence to life imprisonment justice has already been served.
MacLEOD, Colonel B.W., "Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational
Level Rwanda and an Unlawful Order", AMSP (2000), AMSC 3
(Advanced Military Studies Course 3), Canadian Forces
College, 16 p.; available at http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/260/263/macleodb2.pdf
(accessed on 19 June 2012);
Sandra MacLeod, photo reproduced from http://everitas.rmcclub.ca/?p=33454 (accessed on 31 March 2014)
MacLEOD, Lt.-Cmdr. Sandra, "Pardons for New Zealand Soldiers of
the Great War" (June/Juin 2001) Sword
& Scale -- Salut militaire
3; available at http://web.archive.org/web/20050125074204/http://dev.cba.org/CBA/Sections/military/sword2001-06.pdf
(accessed on 18 April 2012);
MacLEOD, Lt.-Cmdr. Sandra, "Précis : Pardons pour des soldats néo-zélandais de la Première Guerre mondiale" (June/Juin 2001) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 3; disponible à http://web.archive.org/web/20050125074204/http://dev.cba.org/CBA/Sections/military/sword2001-06.pdf (site visité le 18 avril 2012;
MacLEOD, Major Sherry, "JAG Social Fund Activities / Activités du
club social du JAG", (2006) 1 JAG Les actualités -- Newsletter
MacLEOD, S.A., "The Nijmegen Marches: A Test of Endurance, Leadership and Teamwork", (2005) 1 JAG Les actualités -- Newsletter 13-14;
Image source for above image: John W. Doull, Bookseller (A.B.A.C.) (Dartmouth, NS, Canada), accessed 9 May 2017
MacPHERSON, J. Pennington (James Pennington), 1839-1916, A
Catechism on Military Law as Applicable to the Militia of Canada
: Consisting of Questions and Answers on the Militia Act, 1883,
Rules and Regulations for the Militia, 1883 ... Together with a
Compilation of the Principal Points of the law of Eidence,
Montreal : J. Lovell, 1886, 191 p.; available at http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_11790
(accessed on 5 January 2011);
Mike Madden, image source: http://www.dal.ca/academics/programs/graduate/law/graduate-life/recent-graduates/mike-madden.html, accessed on 2 August 2014
MADDEN, Mike, "Comparative Cherry-Picking in a Military Justice Context: the Misplaced Quest to Give Universally Expansive Meaning to International Human Rights", Dalhousie University--Schulich School of Law, 18 February 2014; ; available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2397734 (accessed on 2 August 2014); now published in (2014) 46 George Washington International Law Review 713-763, available at http://docs.law.gwu.edu/stdg/gwilr/PDFs/46-4/1%20Madden.pdf (accessed on 6 January 2015);
___________ “First Principles and Last Resorts: Complications of Civilian Influences on the Military Justice System”, (2009) 9(3) Canadian Military Journal 49-57, available at http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vo9/no3/08-madden-eng.asp (accessed on 28 August 2009); also available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1373671, see http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1373671 (accessed on 28 August 2009);
___________"Principes premiers et derniers recours : complications nées des influences civiles sur le système de justice militaire", (2009) 9(3) Revue militaire canadienne 49-57, disponible à http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vo9/no3/08-madden-fra.asp (vérifié le 28 août 2009);
___________"International Humanitarian Law / Laws 2205.03 -- Three credits -- Course Syllabus Jan 2012", available at http://law.dal.ca/Files/Course_Outlines_2011/Winter__2012_LAWS_2205_International_Humanitarian_Law_by_Mad.pdf (accessed on 21 May 2012);
___________"Keeping Up with the Common Law O'Sullivans? The Limnits of Comparative Law in the Context of Military Justice Law Reform", (2013) 51(1) Alberta Law Review 125-152; also available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2269098 (accessed on 15 February 2014); available at http://www.albertalawreview.com/index.php/ALR/article/viewFile/60/60 (accessed 10 September 2016);
___________"Latest news from Canadian military justice",
available at http://www.foroijm.org/noticia/lastes-news-form-canadian-military-justice/
(accessed 23 August 2016); news dates: 22 July 2016, 25 July 2016;
__________"Making Use of Neutral Forces: Mediation of Performance Appraisal Disputes within the Canadian Forces", (Autumn 2011) 11(4) Canadian Military Journal; available at http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/index-eng.asp and http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vo11/no4/08-madden-eng.asp (accessed on 15 December 2011); also available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1604729 (accessed on 2 August 2014);
___________"Le recours à des forces neutres: la médiation pour régler les différends portant sur l'appréciation du rendement au sein des Forces canadiennes', (automne 2011) 11(4) Revue militaire canadienne; disponibe à http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/index-fra.asp et http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vo11/no4/08-madden-fra.asp (vérifié le 15 décembre 2011);
Image source: http://mdlo.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/2015-Conference-Proceedings.pdf, accessed 22 January 2016
___________"A Model for Excluding Improperly or
Unconstitutionally Obtained Evidence"(January 12, 2015) Berkeley
Journal of International Law (BJIL), Forthcoming; available
at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2548851
, accessed 1 December 2015;
Image source: http://www.navalreview.ca/volume6-issue4/, accessed on 11 May 2014
___________"Naval Chameleons? Re-Evaluating the Legality of Deceptive Lighting Under International Humanitarian Law", (2011) 6(4) Canadian Naval Law Review 4-9; available at http://naval.review.cfps.dal.ca/archive/8465465-5645648/vol6num4art2.pdf (accessed on 22 May 2012);
Discussion on perfidy in IHL, particularly as the concept is applied to deceptive lighting of warships at sea. An analysis of conventional and customary IHL
will demonstrate that many ambiguities and grey areas exist in the laws that purport to distinguish between permissible ruses of war and illegal acts of perfidy.
An investigation into the practice of deceptively lighting naval vessels during armed conflicts will reveal that some more careful analysis of the practice might
be necessary for Canadian naval commanders if they wish to avoid violating perfidy prohibitions.
(source: http://web.archive.org/web/20120119140132/http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/2011/ihl-bibliography-2nd-trimester-2011.pdf, p. 22, accessed 16 March 2015)
A combatant in an armed conflict, like a wolf in sheep’s clothing, can seek to gain a tactical or strategic advantage by resort to deception and trickery.
International Humanitarian Law (IHL), however, distinguishes between permissible ruses of war and illegal acts of perfidy. How, then, should combatants
conduct themselves so as to avoid violating IHL’s perfidy prohibitions? This article argues that belligerents should interpret prohibitions against perfidy
in a purposive manner (looking to causative links that may exist between perfidy and harm) in order to avoid eroding the protection that IHL affords to
designated groups. A close analysis of potentially perfidious land, air and sea combat practices will further reveal that some accepted practices may
need to be reassessed and/or ceased if States wish to comply with purposively interpreted perfidy prohibitions.
(source: http://jcsl.oxfordjournals.org/content/17/3/439.abstract, accessed 4 July 2016)
accessed 28 September 2016
The Unconstitutionality of Canadian Court Martial Jury
Trials”, (2009) 14 Appeal:
Review of Current Law and Law Reform 24-36; available
(accessed on 20 October 2009); also available at SSRN:
http://ssrn.com/abstract=1384178; see http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1384178
(accessed on 28 August 2009);
MADDEN, Mike and J. Jason Samson. “Entrench the Bench! Canada’s Pressing Need for a Permanent Military Court.” (2009) 55 The Criminal Law Quarterly 215-239; with the same title at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1473451 (accessed on 6 July 2010);
Chris Madsen, photo reproduced from http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/136/284-fra.html (accessed on 31 March 2014)
MADSEN, C.M.V. (Chris Mark Vedel), 1968-, Another Kind of Justice : Canadian Military Law from Confederation to Somalia, Vancouver : UBC Press, c1999, x, 236 p., ISBN: 0774807180; Research Note: see important and excellent bibliography at pp.195-220; limited preview available at http://books.google.com/books?id=uPJIvl19-koC&printsec=titlepage&dq=Canadian+Military+Law+Annotated&lr=&as_brr=0&source=gbs_toc_s&cad=1 and at http://books.google.com/books?id=uPJIvl19-koC&dq=Canadian+Military+Law+Annotated&lr=&as_brr=0&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0 (accessed on 9 July 2008); copy at the Library of the Supreme Court of Canada, KF7209 M33 1999 (Room E); copy at Ottawa University Law Library: KE 6800 .M32 1999;
___________"Canada's troops lack solid grasp of military law" 28 April 1997 27(2) University of Calgary Gazette; available at http://www.ucalgary.ca/uofc/events/unicomm/Research/somalia.html (accessed on 23 April 2014);
When Madsen applied for the defence department's R.B. Byers Fellowship at the end of 1995, officials were making erroneous statements about Canadian military
history by declaring the Somali incident to be the first of its kind.
"It just wasn't true," Madsen says. "Military history is one of these areas they've ignored . . . . These aren't new problems."
Canadian soldiers have been involved in other criminal acts, including the rape of civilians in the Korean war, and the murder of nine prisoners in the Boer War.
Madsen says the army tends to assign blame to individuals and look no further. His report, however, will propose several systemic changes.
Parliament must, he says, take a more active role in shaping defence policy and limit the role of bureaucratic "mandarins." One question that's never been
satisfactorily addressed is why Canadian soldiers -- particularly an airborne regiment -- were in Somalia in the first place. Just because Canada has a history of
peacekeeping involvement doesn't mean the military should take on every assignment that comes up, he says.
A reorganization of the Judge Advocate General's office, the main unit in the defence department that deals with legal matters, would prevent some of the
"stagnation" that has reduced the office's effectiveness, he says. For example, bringing in civilian lawyers would help in such areas as real estate law, international law and contracts.
"There is a myth that soldiers can only talk to other soldiers," Madsen says.
___________"The Canadian Army and the Maltreatment of Civilians: The Korean Example", unpublished paper presented at the Qualicum History Conference, 5 February 1994; title noted in WATSON, Brent Byron, Far Eastern Tour: The Experiences of the Canadian Infantry in Korea, 1950-53, infra, at p. 380, footnote 55 (thesis) and p. 215, note 54 (book form);
source: http://www.riverwashbooks.com, accessed on 6 January 2015
___________"Courts Martial in the Royal Canadian Navy,
1951-1967", in Richard Howard Gimblett, 1956-, and Richard
O.(Richard Oliver) Mayne, 1971-, eds., People, Policy and Programmes:
Proceedings of the 7th Maritime Command (Marcom) Historical
Conference (2005) / Des Personnes, des politiques et
des programmes: actes de La 7e Conférence du Commandement
Maritime (Comar) Sur L'Histoire Militaire (2005),
Ottawa: Canadian Naval Heritage Press, 2008, 287 p.; ISBN: 0662480503; 9780662480501; copy at University of
Ottawa, FC 231 .M37 2005;
___________Chris Madsen's Publications available at http://ca.linkedin.com/pub/chris-madsen/50/893/315 (accessed on 23 January 2013);
accessed 6 January 2015
___________Kurt Meyer on Trial:
A Documentary Record / edited and introduced by P. Whitney
Lackenbauer and Chris M.V. Madsen, Kingston, Ontario :
Canadian Defence Academy Press, 2007, xi, 697 p., ISBN:
9780662461692 and 066246169X;
___________"Legal Education in the Canadian Forces from Historical and Contemporary Perspective", Paper presented on a Continuing Legal Education (CLE) panel “The State of Military-Legal Education in Canada” at the Canadian Bar Association Canadian Legal Conference and Expo in Vancouver, British Columbia on 16 August 2005, 30 p.; available at http://www.cba.org/cba/annualmeeting/pdf/2005_madsen.pdf (accessed on 23 July 2008);
___________"Military Justice, The Anglo-American Tradition", article, published on line, 11606 words, in Military History, ISBN: 9 780 19979 1279, Oxford Bibliographies, see http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780199791279/obo-9780199791279-0045.xml#obo-9780199791279-0045-bibItem-0001 (accessed on 23 January 2013); note: "Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions and individuals. For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative"; see also http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780199791279/obo-9780199791279-0045.xml (accessed 10 January 2016);
Because each nation has different laws and traditions, it is hard to make generalizations about military justice applicable to all, though commonalities
certainly exist. Each armed forces is unique in character, and even within those, individual service environments may have distinct attitudes and methods
in regard to the maintenance of discipline. The historical trend has been toward greater uniformity across armed forces and closer mirroring of civilian
criminal jurisprudence, in response to societal change. Reform of military law periodically becomes an issue when it falls too far behind or when some
particular event happens that shakes public confidence in the military. Sherrill 1970 notes the practical nature of military justice as a separate form of
legal jurisprudence that serves the particular needs of militaries in being operationally effective. Bishop 1974 describes the public pressure that can build
when doubts are raised about militaries that have not performed according to expectations and the disappointment in the administration of military justice.
Many writers are critical of military justice, premised either on the need for improvement or on the backwardness and supposed conservatism of military
institutions. Other writers focus on the general aim and mechanics of military justice (for our purposes here, as practiced in the United States; other nations
have similar how-to works). Davidson 1999 provides a basic guide to the practice of military criminal law geared toward a predominantly nonlegal audience,
especially those either in or entering the military profession. Morris 2010 meets a similar need and, in focus and content, reflects the broader interpretation
given to military justice today compared with earlier decades. Military justice, or rather military legality, touches upon many operational matters of interest
to militaries, because the requirement for discipline and good behavior in the military context cannot be divorced from the core mandate of armed forces.
Historical treatment of military justice is still catching up to this broader focus and to changes to military law itself. It is a very specialized field that requires
some knowledge of the law and how it has been practiced in armed forces over time. In the early 21st century, good overviews focused on the history are yet
to be written.
[source: http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780199791279/obo-9780199791279-0045.xml#obo-9780199791279-0045-bibItem-0002, accessed 10 January 2016]
___________Military law and operations, Aurora (Ontario): Canada Law Book, c2008-, three loose-leaf volumes, 26 cm.; Updated once or twice a year, ISSN:1918-2236; copy at the Supreme Court of Canada Library KF7210 ZA2 M33 2008 (Room E); see detailed Table of Contents
Law, the Canadian Militia, and the North-West Rebellion of 1885",
(Spring 1998) 1(1) Journal of Military and Strategic Studies
-- The Electronic Journal of the Centre for Military and
Strategic Studies, article number 5; available at http://web.archive.org/web/20031008215733/http://www.stratnet.ucalgary.ca/journal/1998/article5.html;
also available at http://www.jmss.org/jmss/index.php/jmss/article/view/21/20
(accessed on 24 March 2012); IMPORTANT
___________"Military Responses and Capabilities in Canada's Domestic Context Post 9/11", (Spring 2011) 13(3) Journal of Military and Strategic Studies 1-18; available at http://www.jmss.org/jmss/index.php/jmss/article/view/409 (accessed on 24 March 2012); also available at http://jmss.synergiesprairies.ca/jmss/index.php/jmss/article/viewFile/409/417 (accessed 3 July 2015); also available at http://jmss.org/jmss/index.php/jmss/article/view/409/417 (accessed 11 June 2017);
___________"Victims of Circumstance: The Execution of German Deserters by Surrendered German Troops under Canadian Control in Amsterdam, May 1945", (1993) 2(1) Canadian Military History 93-113; available at (accessed on 21 May 2012); available at http://www.wlu.ca/lcmsds/cmh/back%20issues/CMH/volume%202/issue%201/Madsen%20-%20Victims%20of%20Circumstance%20-%20the%20Execution%20of%20German%20Deserters%20by%20Surrendered%20German%20Troops%20Under%20Canadian%20Control.pdf (accessed on 21 May 2012); also available at http://scholars.wlu.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1121&context=cmh (accessed 7 January 2016);
Canadian newspapers, after interviews with former Canadian officers and other witnesses, presented strong evidence of active Canadian participation in the execution.
Conseqently, Brigadier William J. Lawson, then Judge Advocate General, appointed Group Captain J.H. Hollies to undertake a full departmental investigation. This
military legal officer searched relevant Canadian documents, and made a three-day whirlwind trip to West Germany. Based on Hollies' findings, an embarrassed Hellyer
confirmed, in the House of Commons on 21 December 1966, Canadian involvement in the execution, but suggested "that in view of the fact it is now over 20 years since
the war ended, nothing is to be gained by carrying this matter further." [p. 108, footnotes omitted]
MAGUIRE, John C. (John Campbell), 1957-, "Fashioning an Equitable
Vision for Public Resource Protection and Development in Canada:
The Public Trust Doctrine Revisited and Reconceptualized, (1997)
7(1) Journal of Environmental Law and Policy 1-42;
Image source: www.linkedin.com (accessed 18 May 2015)
___________Linked in, available at https://www.linkedin.com/pub/john-maguire/6b/a6/b54?trk=seokp_posts_secondary_cluster_res_author_name (accessed on 26 April 2015); vast military experience;
Cdr John Maguire receiving his diploma of achievement for the OPDP program from BGen Pierre Boutet, JAG, image source: JAG Newsletter/Bulletin d'actualités du JAG, volume 1, Part 1, Jan-Feb 98 (posted 21 December 2016)
___________Out of Conflict: A Principled Vision for the Future of the Crown-Aboriginal Fiduciary Relationship, LL.M. thesis, Dalhousie University, 1997, x, 396 p.; available at http://www.nlc-bnc.ca/obj/s4/f2/dsk2/ftp04/mq24876.pdf (accessed on 3 March 2012); Captain (N) Maguire was appointed Director of Military Prosecutions (DMP) by the Minister of National Defence on 19 September 2009;
Maloney, image source: http://mediaspotme.com/search?query=Canadian%20civil-military%20relations,
accessed 19 April 2014
___________Homeland Defence: The Canadian Context 1940-2000, Kingston: National Defence, Directorate of Land Strategic Concepts (DLSC), DLSC Research note: 01/02, January 2001, 55 p; available at http://www.army.forces.gc.ca/DLCD-DCSFT/pubs/archive/RN0102%20-%20S%20Maloney%20-%20Homeland%20Defence%20Jan%2001.pdf (accessed on 16 Dexcember 2011);
Le juge Pierre Boutet Photo : Peter Andersen, Public Affairs
Office, image source: http://www.radio-canada.ca/nouvelles/International/2009/04/08/006-entrevue-juge-boutet.shtml
MALTAIS, Bruno, "Un travail axé sur le compromis: À quelques
jours de son retour au pays, le juge québécois Pierre Boutet. qui
a été à la tête du Tribunal spécial pour la Sierra Leone pendant
six ans, commente son expérience dans une entevue à
Radio-Canada.ca", mise à jour le 9 avril 2009, disponibel à http://www.radio-canada.ca/nouvelles/International/2009/04/08/006-entrevue-juge-boutet.shtml
(vérifié le 21 février 2015); le Brigadier-général
(retraité) Pierre Boutet est un ancien Juge-avocat général des
source: https://ca.linkedin.com/in/arnavmanchanda, accessed 27
MANCHANDA, Arnav, "Book Review : The Taliban Don’t Wave. Semrau, Robert. The Taliban Don’t Wave. John Wiley & Sons, Mississauga ON, Canada, © October 30 2012. $17.52 (paperback) ISBN 978-1-11826-118-7 (print); 978-1-118-26160-6 (ebk)", (Spring 2013) 18(1) On Track 41-42, available at (accessed 27 August 2016); Note: On track is published by the Conference of Defence Associations Institute; available at http://www.cdainstitute.ca/images/ontrack18n1.pdf (accessed 27 August 2016);
When it comes to the mercy kill incident in October 2008 that would change his life, Semrau abruptly and briefly
switches to reprinting what is available in the public record from his court martial, deliberately declining to provide a
firsthand account. In an interview with CBC in September 2012, Semrau asserted that some memories were difficult to
deal with, and that that particular incident is something he was not willing to talk about. But at the same time, he writes
that he felt he was unfairly not provided with a right during his court martial to recount what had happened. But neither
does he do it in the book – and this is very odd.
Semrau holds the investigative process that led to his demotion and dismissal in extremely low regard. He
wonders if any of the ive members of his court martial had “ever been shot at”, “heard a bullet” or “been literally soaked
in another man’s blood, or held a fellow soldier as he was dying.” These are powerful words, but they lack explanatory
power as to why he continues to not provide us with his side of the story. He does not provide the reader with the details
of that particular incident, and thus the reader cannot fully ever – while perhaps wanting to – empathize with him and
his actions. Perhaps he did not want to use the dead insurgent as an excuse for his behaviour in an issue that became so
politicized, saying that the “truth of that moment will always be between me and the insurgent.” Or perhaps he invokes
a battleield exceptionalism, in line with those who believe that those who have experienced the reality of combat stand
apart from those who have not. (p. 42)
MANCHESTER GUARDIAN,THE, "Mother not guilty of Murder", The Manchester Guardian (1901-1959), Feb 8, 1957, p.9; note: "Canadian court-martial Baden-Baden
February 7 Mrs Doris Joan Stevenson aged 35 the London-born wife of Canadian..." ; source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved
Image source: https://sites.google.com/a/umn.edu/giovanni-mantilla/, accessed 30 September 2016
Giovanni Fabrizio Mantilla
MANTILLA CASAS, Giovanni Fabrizio, Under (Social) Pressure: The Historical Regulation of Internal Armed Conflicts through International Law, a dissertation submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of the University of Minnesota, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy, August 2013, ix, 410 p.; available at
https://conservancy.umn.edu/bitstream/handle/11299/175520/MantillaCasas_umn_0130E_14332.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y (accesed 30 September 2016); discusses Canada;
MANTLE, Craig Leslie, 1977-, ed., The apathetic and the defiant : case studies of Canadian mutiny and disobedience, 1812 to 1919 / edited by Craig Leslie Mantle ; foreword by major-general
P.R. Hussey, Kingston (Ont.): Canadian Defence Academy Press; Toronto: Dundurn Group, c2008, 496 p., ISBN: 9781550027105; copy at Ottawa University, MRT General FC 226 .A63 2007;
__________sous la direction de, Les apathiques et les rebelles : des exemples canadiens de mutinerie et de désobéissance, 1812-1919, Kingston (Ont.): Presse de l'académie canadienne de la défense, c2008, 516 p., ISBN: 9781550027204;
___________ed., The unwilling and the reluctant : theoretical perspectives on disobedience in the military, Winnipeg: Canadian Defence Academy Press, c2006, vii, 257 p. ; 24 cm., ISBN: 0662432517;
Manuals/Manuels of interest to a lawyer or a researcher
[see also "DND/CF Publications" in Bibliography C to D, available at www.lareau-law.ca/military.2C-D.html]
WARNING -- THESE DOCUMENTS OR MANUALS MAY NOT BE UP TO DATE OR CURRENT
AVERTISSEMENT -- CES DOCUMENTS OU MANUELS PEUVENT ÊTRE NON A JOUR
Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational and Tactical
Level,,***13 August 2003 edition***XHTML Version
Droit des conflits armés au niveau opérationnel et tactique***version du 13 septembre 2001***Version XHTML
see 2001-08-13 edition in English at http://web.archive.org/web/20061114215832/http://www.forces.gc.ca/jag/training/publications/law_of_armed_conflict/loac_2004_e.pdf
voir la version française du 2001-09-13 à http://web.archive.org/web/20060224223135/http://www.forces.gc.ca/jag/training/publications/law_of_armed_conflict/loac_2004_f.pdf
Code of Conduct for CF Personnel ***undated version ---takes a while to load! and ***PowerPoint Presentation
Code de conduite for CF Personnel *** version non datée ---prends quelques secondes à venir sur l'écran et ***Séance d'information en Power Point
Lesson Plan for the: Code of Conduct for CF Personnel, Office of the Judge Advocate General, B-GG-005-027/AF-022, available at http://web.archive.org/web/20010612031347/http://www.dnd.ca/jag/jag_pdf_docs/codeconduct_lessonplan_e.pdf, accessed 29 November 2015.
Plan de leçon pour le : Code de conduite du personnel des FC, Cabinet du Juge-avocat général, l, B-GG-005-027/AF-022, disponible à http://web.archive.org/web/
20010612041027/http://www.dnd.ca/jag/jag_pdf_docs/codeconduct_lessonplan_f.pdf, visité 29 novembre 2015.
International Human Rights Law -- Collection of Documents,
March 2007 edition
Droit international en matière de droits de personne -- Recueil de documents, B-LG-007-000/AF-004 ***version 1er mars 2007
LOAC Student Deskbook, probably available from CFMLC
DCA Manuel de cours, probably available from CFMLC
Deployment of Legal Advisers26. Military legal advisers accompany all Canadian Forces deployed operationsand provide IHL advice on the conduct of military operations at the tactical level.Additionally, legal advisors advise all levels of the chain of command that areinvolved in the planning and conduct of military operations. Specifically, militarylegal advisers must conduct a legal review of all operational plans and ROE priorto their approval by the chain of command. Legal advisers also provide legaladvice on all targeting decisions requiring consideration by a Targeting Directiveat all levels of command. Within the Canadian Forces, military legal officersbelong to the Office of the Judge Advocate General and are under the commandof the Judge Advocate General, a General Officer who is statutorily responsibleto the Minister of National Defence. Consequently Canadian Forces legal officersare not a part of or subject to the direction of the military chain of command. Theyare able to provide independent legal advice to military commanders
(pp. 62-63/190, available at http://docslide.us/documents/iloace.html, accessed 6 April 2017)
The Code of Service Discipline and Me -- A guide to the military justice system for Canadian Forces members, undated, 14 p., ***PDF Format ; also available at http://publications.gc.ca/site/eng/475952/publication.html;
Le Code de discipline militaire et moi, sans date, 14 p., Format PDF; aussi disponible à http://publications.gc.ca/site/fra/477463/publication.html;
Court Martial Procedures , Guide for Participants and Guide
for the Public = Procédures devant la cour martiale,
guide des partiipants et du public, A-LG-007-000/AG-001, 8
June 2012; available/disponible à http://www.jmc-cmj.forces.gc.ca/assets/CMJ_Internet/docs/en/gpcm-cmpg.pdf
(accessed 3 May 2015);
Guide for Accused and Assisting Officers (Bilingual)
Pre-Trial Proceedings at the Summary Trial Level/ ***PDF
A-LG-050-000/AF-001, dated 2002-08-31/Guide à l'intention des accusés et des officiers désignés pour
les aider (Bilingue) Les procédures préliminaires lors d'un procès sommaire, A-LG-050-000/AF-001, daté 2002-08-31; also
available at http://publications.gc.ca/site/eng/475651/publication.html; IMPORTANT NEW EDITION, 2009-10-06, available at http://www.forces.gc.ca/assets/FORCES_Internet/docs/en/jag/guide-for-accused-and-assisting-officers.pdf and at http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2014/mdn-dnd/D2-349-2009.pdf http://www.forces.gc.ca/assets/FORCES_Internet/docs/en/jag/manual-mil-jus-summary-trial-level.pdf (English) et (français);
Guide for Referral Authorities/Guide à l'intention des
autorités de renvoi, November/novembre 2002,***PDF
Military Justice at the Summary Trial Level v. 2.2,
B-GG-005-027/AF-011, 12 January 2011,*** PDF
Justice militaire au procès sommaire, version 2.2, 14 février 2011, B-GG-005-027/AF-011,***version PDF ***autre format
- Sexual Offences & Sexual Harassment, Legal and Ethical Obligations, 30 November 2015, available at http://web.archive.org/web/20080124140609/
http://www.forces.gc.ca/jag/training/publications/default_e.asp#SEXUALH and click on "Sexual Offences and Sexual Harassment...Power Point Presentation"
- Infractions à caractère sexuel et harcèlement sexuel: Obligations juridiques et éthiques, 30 novembre 2015, disponible à http://web.archive.org/web/20071213224306/
http://www.forces.gc.ca/jag/training/publications/default_f.asp et pressez sur "Les infractions à caractère sexuel et harcèlement sexuel ...séance d'information en 'Power
- Sexual Offences and Sexual Harrassment -- Briefing Notes, available at http://web.archive.org/web/20041124020535/http://www.forces.gc.ca/jag/training/publications/SexualOffences_e.pdf
(accessed 30 November 2015)
- Infractions à caractère sexuel et harcèlement sexuel -- Notes de synthèse, disponible à http://web.archive.org/web/20041124023001/http://www.forces.gc.ca/jag/training/publications/Sexual
Offences_f.pdf (vérifié 30 novembre 2015)
Training Brief for Assisting Officers -- Summary Trials,
23 May 2003, ***available
on this web page under the title "Assisting Officer--Summary
Formation des officiers désignés pour aider l'accusé -- Procès sommaire, 23 mai 2003, ***disponible sur cette page web sous le titre "Formation des officiers désignés -- Procès sommaire"
CANADIAN FORCES MILITARY LAW CENTRE (CFMLC), President Officer Certification Training, Student Desk Book, version 2.2 (September 2012), Kingston: Canadian Forces Academy, 2012, 532 p., available at http://www.lareau-law.ca/PresidingOfficer.pdf; Access to Information Act request to DND, their file A-2012-01401; MAY TAKE LONG TIME TO DOWNLOAD!
- Charge Layer Aide memoire
- The Election To Be Tried By Summary Trial or Court Martial;
- POCT (President Officer Cerification Training) Instructor's Manual v. 2.2/ AOP Guide d'instructeur v. 2.2.
- Collection of Documents on Domestic Operations, B-LG-007-000/AF-001
- Canadian Forces Drug Testing Manual/Manuel de dépistage des drogues au sein des forces canadiennes
- "During the reporting period, legal officers continued to provide considerable support to the Officer Professional Military Education (OPME) Program
military law course. The OPME program includes courses on defence management, Canadian military history, leadership and ethics and military law.
The successful completion of the program is required for officers to be promoted to the rank of Major or Lieutenant-Commander. The course DCE 002
Introduction to Military Law contains a module addressing in detail the administration of military justice in the CF. The second module in the course
details the laws applicable to armed conflict. The training is offered through self-paced distance learning and condensed on-site instruction at CF bases
and wings, and is available to both officers and NCMs. During the reporting period, 1691 students successfully completed the English-language serial,
while 312 students completed the French-language serial of this course."
(source: http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/about-reports-pubs-military-law-annual-2008-09/ch-5-review-mil-education-training-0809.page, Judge Advocate General Annual Report, 2008-2009, chapter 5, accessed 11 Narch 2017)
- The Manual of International Law in Peace Operations -- Draft Outline of the Manual's Content, available at http://home.scarlet.be/~ismllw/actualite/ISMLLW%20464%20E%2019.pdf (accessed on 29 July 2012);
The Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston,
courses POE488 and POE486:
Image source: Kijiji (item for sale at $20.00, March 2017)
- POE 488 (Course Code), The Law of Armed Conflict, course reader, v. 2.0; This is a course of Royal Military College of Canada Division
of Continuing Studies, Royal Military College of Canada, PO Box 17000, Station Forces, Kingston, ON K7K 7B4; Department of Political Science;
see https://www.rmcc-cmrc.ca/sites/default/files/rmcbmas-cmrbasm-bil_3.pdf (accessed 26 March 2017);
"POE488 The Law of Armed Conflict
"This course gives students a solid knowledge of the law regarding the use of force in international and non-international armed conflicts. Following an examination
of the situation of the Law of Armed Conflict within the broader context of Public International Law, there will be a general discussion of the general concepts of the
LOAC and its two branches, the jus ad bellum (the right to the use of force) and the jus in bello (the law applicable in conflict). A study of the rules includes their
applicability in operational situations, with reference to issues including the notion of combatants, prisoners of war, the treatment of civilians, the obligation to limit
unnecessary suffering and damage, the legality of certain weapons, and special cases such as child-soldiers and mercenaries. The course concludes with an examination
of means of enforcing the law, including national courts, ad hoc tribunals and the International Criminal Court.
- For more information, see also https://www.rmcc-cmrc.ca/en/division-continuing-studies/distance-education-undergraduate (accessed 26 March 2017);
- Syllabus for Course POE 488A, winter 2013-2014, 9 p., lecturers: LCol Rory Fowler and Lieutenant-Commander Mike Baker, available at http://www.lareau-legal.ca/A-2015-00669.pdf (accessed 26 March 2017);
- Military Arts and Science (DMAS), Ontario College Diploma, Seneca Faculty of Continuing Education & Training:
Seneca College delivers this exciting Ontario College Diploma developed through an innovative partnership between OntarioLearn, the Royal Military
College of Canada (RMC) and the Canadian Defence Academy (CDA). All courses are available online as well as some in class options.
The aim of the Diploma in Military Arts and Science (DMASc) is to provide Non-Commissioned Members (NCMs) of the Canadian Forces and those
interested in military affairs, a comprehensive knowledge of leadership, critical thinking, security studies, resource management and communication skills
deemed essential to the functioning of modern military or large corporations. This diploma will serve as a recognized component of the Non-Commissioned
The program will provide an accredited 2-year Ontario College Diploma in Military Arts and Science that is portable into the civilian workforce once NCMs
retire from their military service. The program is also open to the public. Under an articulation agreement between RMC and Seneca College, graduates of
this diploma program may be admitted into the RMC Bachelor of Military and Strategic Studies degree program with Advanced Standing.
(source: http://www.senecacollege.ca/ce/humanities/military-arts-science.html, accessed 26 March 2017)
- POE 486 (Course Code), Air and Space Law, This is a course of Royal Military College of Canada Division of
Continuing Studies, Royal Military College of Canada, PO Box 17000,
Station Forces, Kingston, ON K7K 7B4; Department of Political Science; see https://www.rmcc-cmrc.ca/sites/default/files/rmcbmas-cmrbasm-bil_3.pdf (accessed 26 March 2017);
"This course is an introduction to air and space law. The primary
focus is the international and national law applicable to air operations
and outer space activities, particularly
of a military nature. It also considers historical and political factors in the development of these legal regimes. The international law concepts will be instilled by reference to
the various applicable international conventions and legal principles, such as the Charter of the United Nations and the sources and nature of public international law. The study
of public air law will focus on the Chicago Convention of 1944 and the 1963 Tokyo Convention stream. The Warsaw (1929) and Montreal (1999) Conventions relating to civil
aviation liability provide the basis for the private international air law study. For space rights, the five major treaties governing that domain will be studied, along with the work
of the UN General Assembly and the UN Committee on the Peaceful Use of Outer Space (UNCOPUOS). Outer space activities such as military uses and remote sensing will be
considered, as will the rights and obligations of rescue and liability. Given the legal importance of and similarities between the outer space and air regimes and that of the oceans, the law of the sea will also be the object of analysis and discussion.
DND Publications in the National Defence Index
of Documentation (NDID)
- Manuals noted in the answer (CD with electronic files on it) from the Director, Access to Information and Privacy, their file letter A-2015-00389, dated 20 October 2015; my Access to Information Act request read as follows: "Current list of DND publications contained in the National Defence Index of Documentation (NDID) database (i.e. Publication Number/IDDN, English Title, Frenc Title, Language, OPI, Edition, Last Change Level, Last Change Date)"
- B-GA-005-104/FP-024 Operational Law/Droit opérationel JAG DLaw B Reserved 14 mar 2006 Hardcopy
- B-GG-005-004/AF-027 Legal Support to CF
27 Nov 1998
- B-GG-005-027/AF-010 Legal Support to CF
27 Nov 1998
vol. I, Military Justice Manual
- B-GG-005-027/AF-020 Legal Support to CF
18 Nov 1998
vol. 2, Law of Armed Conflict
AbstractThis thesis employs John W. Kingdon's multiple-streams model of policy agenda setting and alternative specification to analyze Canada's policy response to
ethnic conflict in Kosovo in 1998/1999. By using an extensive program of interviews with former policy actors and public source documents, the thesis argues
that it was a convergence of independent problem, policy, and political dimensions that caused the Kosovo intervention to emerge on the Canadian agenda.
The research interviews contribute a comprehensive insider's view of events as they developed in Ottawa.
(source: https://carletonu.summon.serialssolutions.com/?q=kosovo+crisis#!/search/document?ho=t&l=en&q=kosovo%20crisis&id=FETCHMERGED-carletonu_catalog_b3086281a2, accessed 14 December 2015)
For the first time, former Canadian soldiers are speaking publicly about being tortured at the hands of the Canadian military
during a prisoner of war training exercise in the 1980s.
The men say that in February 1984 they were among 33 young recruits who were stripped naked, crowded into small military
jail cells with windows open, denied food and, for up to two days, repeatedly sprayed with cold water. For more than 40 hours
they were forced to listen to loud rock music.
On the afternoon of 7 June 1944, Lorne Brown, a private serving with the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division in Normandy, was bayoneted to death while trying
to surrender to troops of Nazi Germany's Tlite 12th SS Division 'Hitler Youth.' Over the next ten days, more than a hundred and fifty Canadian soldiers were
brutally murdered after capture by the 12th SS. Despite months of post-war investigation by Allied courts, however, only two senior officers of the 12th SS
were ever tried for war crimes.
Drawing extensively on archival sources, Howard Margolian reveals the full account of an atrocious chapter in history and exposes the causes - an inept and
indifferent Canadian military justice system, and a Canadian government all too willing to let bygones be bygones - of the flagrant inaction that followed.
Highly praised for both its meticulous research and its engaging passion, this book will resonate with veterans, those interested in war crimes, military buffs,
There is unfortunately little appetite by senior leaders to find solutions to technical jurisdictional issues involving
our mandate. The Judge Advocate General (JAG), who is the key legal advisor to the chain of command,showed
us his hand when he bluntly declared to us months after my appointment in 1998 that “the field was occupied”
and that there was no room for the kind of independent oversight we were pursuing. The last seven years have
shown that, in fact, not only was the field unoccupied but it proved to be fertile and ready to accommodate an
office to truly serve the needs of the troops. Unfortunately, all too often, senior leadership has not been able to
divorce itself from the JAG mindset and help us work the field and provide the Office with the tools for it to
really flourish. (p. 13)
The second kind of deficiency is far less defensible. When the position of Director General of the CF Grievance
Administration was established, it was set up to function under the authority of the Judge Advocate General (JAG).
It is the JAG, of course, who provides legal advice to the chain of command on matters that may end up being grieved.
It is also the JAG who provides advice to the initial grievance authority on how to respond to grievances. In effect,
the very body that assists in making decisions that may be grieved, or the grievance decisions under appeal, was given
command over the body that would ultimately and finally be deciding the grievances that remain unsettled. This was
a spectacular and obvious conflict. The simple fact that this system was adopted reveals a deficit in understanding about
the importance and nature of independent oversight. Indeed, it smacks of the kind of “trust us” attitude that is resistant
to oversight. It was only because of the intercession of Chief Justice Lamer, who pointed out the conflict, that this system
was changed. The CF Grievance Administration now falls under the command of the Vice Chief of the Defence Staff.
Still, this deficiency has not been remedied effectively. As its website reveals, the JAG continues to provide legal advice
to the CF Grievance Administration. Indeed a former JAG lawyer continues to hold the Director General Grievance
Administration position. The same body that may have advised the chain of command on matters leading to grievances,
or have advised the initial authority on how to respond, advises the CF Grievance Administration and ultimately the CDS
on what to do about it. Unfortunately, the “correction” that took place after the Five Year Review was half-hearted and
superficial. It is evident that the CF Grievance Administration needs independence from JAG influence and access to
independent legal advice in deciding grievances. (p. 23)
In spite of the case that I made, Departmental legal advisers, after consultation with Canadian Forces lawyers and
commanders, prepared a mandate that bore no relationship to the principles I had identified. The initial draft mandate
I was offered crafted an ineffective, feeble authority for the Office. The proposed mandate would have cast the Ombudsman,
as a senior JAG lawyer once put it to me, as a “consigliere”-type backroom intervener gently offering the chain of command
non-intrusive nuggets of advice from time to time. The mandate would have prevented the Ombudsman from conducting
investigations. The Ombudsman was to be confined to making informal inquiries, and was to refer matters back to the chain
of command with a recommendation for a board of inquiry or summary investigation. This was not civilian oversight. The
Office was treated as if it was to be cosmetic, a mere pretence of civilian involvement while the military would continue to
decide military matters, without accountability or real input. To make matters worse, in spite of what was widely understood
at the time to be a military culture that was resistant to oversight and change, the mandate was not to be supported by any
directive to members and the chain of command to co-operate with the Office.
Instead, only a platitudinous promise in a
directive from the Minister that CF authorities would be collegial and collaborative was included. I could not accept this.
Faced with our hopelessly conflicting positions, the Minister of National Defence asked that we enter into negotiations with
military and departmental lawyers about the mandate for the Office. (p. 27)
The fact is that the Canadian Forces are using solicitor-client privilege in a self-serving way. When members or the chain
of command consult with JAG in the course of their duties before acting, the human being doing the consulting is not the
client. The Canadian Forces is. While it is true that legal privilege does exist even between government lawyers and the
departments being advised, the Ombudsman is not an outsider. The Office of the Ombudsman is independent of the chain
of command but is part of the military apparatus. In a very real sense, to invoke privilege against a DND Ombudsman is
like one arm of an organization invoking it against another arm of the same organization. Moreover, the Ombudsman is the
delegate of the Minister of National Defence. Invoking solicitor-client privilege against the Ombudsman is like invoking
that privilege against the Minister himself. Can you imagine a general saying, “Sorry Minister, but I cannot answer your
question because we acted on legal advice from the JAG.” In truth, use of solicitor-client privilege to shield information
from the Ombudsman where the client is the Canadian Forces is an opportunistic subterfuge calculated to hide information,
but it is a subterfuge we are being met with.(p. 30)
The military was disorganized and secretive in 2002 in dealing with OSI [Operational Stress Injury].
According to Alberta’s public examination into the suicide of Cpl. Shaun Collins, we’re exactly
where we were in 2002.
You’d think the chain of command might want to hear what presiding provincial court Judge Jody Moher
would like to recommend about preventing similar deaths when she reports back in a few months.
But no. Leave it the Judge Advocate General lawyers to want to gag the presiding judge in making recommendations,
making the idiotic and wrong-headed argument that the province does not have jurisdiction over the military.
Sounds like an act of desperation to avoid dealing with OSI once again. Plus ça change…
Former Federal Court of Appeal and Court Martial Appeal justice Gilles Letourneau, who also headed the Somalia public inquiry in 1995,
told me last week that smart public policy would suggest that sexual assault cases be left to civilian courts due to their seriousness and the
much-greater expertise of civilian prosecutors. I agree, especially given Maclean’s exposé of covered-up rampant sex abuse in the military.
In response to that, then-chief of defence staff Maurice Baril admonished military officers in an open letter that “Canadians demand a higher
standard of behaviour from members in uniform, and so do I.”
But let’s think about it and ask ourselves: Have we really saddled our military with too much oversight? The military has an ombudsman,
but it’s a far cry from the parliamentary inspector general recommended by the Somalia inquiry in the 1990s. The office operates as an internal
body and has none of the statutory powers and independence of a parliamentary ombudsman.The Canadian Grievances External Review
Committee, run by a former lieutenant colonel, can make non-binding recommendations to the chief of defence staff on grievances from the
rank and file. The Military Complaints Commission offers similar avenues of complaints and investigations that civilian police have to contend with.
Maybe Thibault’s beef had to do with a fatality inquiry report released almost at the same time as he was airing his beef about checks and balances.
Military lawyers had attempted to stop the provincial inquiry on the absurd basis that the province had no jurisdiction over the federal government.
Provincial inquests about deaths in federal penitentiaries are routine and go unchallenged.
OTTAWA – Le droit à l’autodéfense — même préventive — justifie la légalité de la campagne aérienne en Syrie en l’absence de «consentement explicite»
du président Bachar el-Assad, a plaidé le ministre fédéral de la Défense.
Le Canada agira donc en conformité avec le droit international lorsqu’il effectuera des frappes dans l’espace aérien syrien dans l’objectif d’«éliminer» la
menace que représente le groupe armé État islamique (ÉI), a exposé mercredi Jason Kenney.
«Nos opérations militaires en Syrie sont justifiées en vertu de l’article 51 de la Charte des Nations unies, précisément en ce qui a trait au droit naturel de
légitime défense, individuelle ou collective», a-t-il dit en point de presse.
Cet avis juridique a été fourni au ministre Kenney par le juge-avocat général, qui est l’avocat militaire principal des Forces armées canadiennes (FAC).
Office of the Judge Advocate General, Canadian Armed ForcesDirectorate of Administrative Law- Grievances
Provided legal advice to the Canadian Armed Forces in relation to grievances and judicial reviews. Drafted legal opinions and memoranda on complex administrative and constitutional issues.
Directorate of Administrative Law- Compensation, Pension, Benefits, Estates and Elections
Provided legal advice to the Canadian Armed Forces in relation to the pay, benefits, pensions and estates of members. Drafted legal opinions and memoranda on a range of pay, benefits, pension and estate issues.
(source: https://ca.linkedin.com/in/byron-marrello-06274338, accessed 13 April 2017);
Description: NDP justice critic Svend Robinson, Liberal status of women critic Mary Clancy and Liberal MP Sheila Copps also want the military's
justice system reviewed, saying it allows two standards of justice for Canadians. While "the military has to deal with military matter," [George Rideout]
said, in [Christian Pepin]'s case, the crime "occurred outside of Canada and outside the base in a foreign country. The lady involved was a civilian. It
seems to have been a civilian crime committed in Hungary." Black & White Photo; CP; NDP MP Svend Robinson ... objects to sentencing.
_tab&dum=true&vl(freeText0)=Ottawa%20%22military%20justice%22&dstmp=1471629193990, accessed 19 August 2016);
During its 1999-2000 term on the United Nations Security Council, Canada helped launch the Council's "Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict"
agenda. This aimed to reduce civilian war casualties through better respect for international humanitarian law [IHL]. This article reviews the agenda's
origins and evolution ten years on. The authors focus on Canada's contributions in increasing the Council's efforts to protect civilians, with three main
assertions. First, Canada had a key role in creating and promoting the agenda, an important IHL initiative. Second, the agenda is well established in the
Council's work, but needs further effort to ensure greater impact in specific situations. Third, Canada could develop the agenda and improve respect for
IHL if it joins the Security Council for the 2011-2012 term, picking up its "unfinished business" from its last Council term.
(source: http://web.archive.org/web/20130407065442/http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/2012/ihl-bibliography-4th-trimester-2011.pdf, at p. 31, accessed 16 March 2015)
Calgary military reservist Darryl Watts won’t have to serve jail time for his role in a deadly Afghan training exercise
three years ago, a judge ruled Wednesday.
Instead, Watts was stripped of his rank as major in the Canadian Forces and reduced two levels to a lieutenant.
Cmdr. Peter Lamont said the jail term sought by the prosecution was too harsh, but Watts required more than the
simple reprimand sought by the defence.
The detainees' imbroglio figured prominently in the resignation of defence minister Gordon O'Connor. It prompted revelations by diplomat
Richard Colvin that tore holes in the government's credibility. It prompted a mea culpa by Chief of the Defence Staff Walter Natynczyk.
It was a factor behind Stephen Harper's much-regretted decision to prorogue Parliament, a move that sparked a national protest. It led to
an extraordinary ruling from House Speaker Peter Milliken condemning the government for breach of parliamentary privilege in its refusal
to release uncensored documents.
MARX, Herbert, "The Emergency Power and Civil Liberties in
Canada", (1970) 16 McGill Law Review 39-91; Herbert Marx was one of my law professors of constitutional law in the early 1970s at the University of Montreal; he also became a minister of justice and a judge;
___________ "Human Rights and Emergency Powers", in The Practice of freedom : canadian
essays on human rights and fundamental freedoms, Toronto:
Butterworth, 1979, at pp. 439-462;
MASON, J.A.R., "Case and Comment : Military Tribunals --
Restraint of By Civil Courts -- Habeas Corpus and Prohibition",
(1946) 24 Canadian Bar Review 210-217; Research Note:
article comments in part on In the Matter of the King v. George
Hector Thompson,  O.R. 77 (LeBel J.) and The King
v. George H. Thompson,  O.W.N. 217 (Urquhart J.);
MASON, John William, Basic Freedoms in the Canadian Armed Forces, Thesis (M.A.), Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, 1972., ii, 159, , vii p. (Canadian theses on microfilm; 10946); available at http://curve.carleton.ca/theses/21222 (accessed on 11 August 2013);
Image source: brill.com/international-military-missions-and-international-law, accessed 16 December 2016
MASSIDDA, Paolina, "Criminal Responsibility of International Military Missions and Personnel" in Marco Odello and Ryszard Piotrowicz, rds., International military missions and international law, Leiden/Boston : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2011, xxi, 308 p. , at chapter 8, 25 cm. (International humanitarian law series ; v. 31), 9789004174375 (hbk. : alk. paper); available in part at https://books.google.ca/books?id=vplfUo4IL_gC&printsec=frontcover&dq=isbn:9789004174375&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjiurvd1PjQAhUHzGMKHUQ-AwMQ6AEIHDAA#v=onepage&q&f=false (accessed 16 December 2016);
source de l'image: http://uqam.academia.edu/JustinMassie, visité 9 septembre 2015
MASSIE, Justin, professeur, "Relations extérieures du Canada et du Québec", [titre du cours], POL 8421-20, Université du Québec à Montréal, Département de science politique, Hiver 2014, 27 pages; syllabus du cours avec bonne bibliographie; disponible à http://politique.uqam.ca/upload/POL8421-20-H14-Massie.pdf (vérifié 9 septembre 2015);
Photo of David Matas, reproduced from http://www.beyondborders.org/wp/speakers-bureau/ (accessed on 1 April 2014)
MATAS, David, "Equality and the Military Abroad", August 2006,
pdf format, part of the "2006 Canadian Legal Conference Full
Binder"; available from the Canadian Bar Association Store;
$40.00 for non-members and $25.00 for members;
-------------------Image source: hrsbstaff.ednet.ns.ca/waymac/Sociology/A%20Term%202/Obedience%20Power%20and%20Control/somalia_affair.htm
Carol Mathieu saluting at the end of his testimony Carol Mathieu, commanding officer of the Canadian Airborne Regiment
at the Somalia Inquiry Commission
Image source: www.cbc.ca/archives/categories/war-conflict/peacekeeping/the-somalia-affair/lt-col-carol-mathieus-testimony.html, accessed on 30 November 2014
MATHIEU, Carol, Law of war training for the Canadian
Forces : a luxury or a necessity, Toronto: Canadian Forces
Command and Staff College, 1984 (series; Exercise New Horizons;
DSIS 01727), 1 microfiche; research notes: LCol Mathieu was court martialled twice and twice acquitted; LCol Mathieu testified at the Somalia inquiry; his paper is probably on the CD of the commission;
Source of image: https://twitter.com/amayeda, accessed 23 September 2016
Image source: www.google.ca (image search), 19 February 2015
MAYNARD, Major Kim (Kimberley D.), Biographical notes available at http://www.cdp-hrc.uottawa.ca/uploads/Maynard%20Maj%20Bio%28Bilingual%2916%20Aug%2010.pdf
(accessed on 3 June 2012);
Photo by MCpl Paul MacGregor, Canadian Forces Combat Camera, IS2005-1174a
Captain Kim Maynard, 2005, Legal Officer,
Ampara, Sri Lanka
___________Photo, Canadian Forces Imagery Gallery, available at http://www.combatcamera.forces.gc.ca/gallery/cc_photos/detail/?filename=IS2005-1174a&assetId=3690 (accessed 31 May 2017);
Captain Kim Maynard, a Legal Advisor with the Canadian Forces Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART), fills her CAMELBAK hydration system.
Capt Maynard from Trenton, Ontario is in Sri Lanka to provide humanitarian aid.
Ampara, a district of approximately 600,000 people, was hit hard by the December 26 tsunami and suffered an estimated 10,400 deaths. An estimated total
of 105,560 people have been forced to seek temporary shelters.
____________"A Recap of the CBA 2016 Military Law Conference", Canadian Bar Association Web Site, 7 July 2016; available at https://www.cba.org/Sections/Military-Law/Articles/2016/recap (accessed 20 August 2016);
The key note address was given by Rear-Admiral Jennifer Bennett, the Director General of the Canadian Armed Forces Strategic
Response Team on Sexual Misconduct. She focussed on steps the CAF have taken and continue to take to recruit, retain and
integrate women, and she described the campaign to address the “sexualized culture” as described in the Deschamps Report, in
the CAF. The address was followed by an engaging panel on the challenges of sexual assault proceedings from the perspective
of a military prosecutor (Maj Maureen Pecknold), a civilian defence lawyer (Ms. Anne London-Weinstein) and a civilian lawyer
who regularly represents victims of sexual assault, (Mr. Phillip Millar). The panel was moderated by Commander Martin Pelletier,
MAYNARD, Robert, "Rules of engagement in ground operations : a legal or training problem?", JCSP: Master of Defence Studies (2008), available at http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/260/262/maynard2.pdf (accessed on 2 January 2012);
Image source: http://www.provincialcourt.bc.ca/enews/enews-05-04-2016 (accessed 9 October 2016)
Major Bruce Mayo enlisted in the CF in 1974 and served with the military police. In 1982 he took his
release from the CF and attended law school at the University of Manitoba. He was called to the
Manitoba bar in 1986. After practicing law in Brandon, Manitoba, he re-joined the CF as a legal
officer in 1988.
___________"The power of flight safety : A background and overview of Bill C-7, An Act to Amend the Aeronautics Act, Part 2" (April/Avril 2008) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; available at http://www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters/mil-2008/news.aspx (accessed on 26 April 2012);
___________"Le pouvoir de la sécurité aérienne : contexte et teneur du projet de loi C-7, Loi modifiant la Loi sur l'aéronautique" (April/Avril 2008) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; disponible à http://www.cba.org/abc/nouvelles/mil-2008/nouvelles.aspx#article3 (site visité le 26 avril 2012);
MAZER, Brian Michael, Manhattan to missiles : Canada, nuclear weapons and international law : an interdisciplinary study, LL. M. University of Alberta, 1977, xii, 200 leaves ; 28 cm;
Image source: iclmg.ca/press-release-appointment-of-new-iclmg-national-coordinator-monia-mazigh/, accessed 11 October 2016
MAZIGH, Monia, "Oversight and Review Mechanisms: Which One to Choose?", News from International Civil Liberties Monitoring Group, 12 January 2016 ; available at http://iclmg.ca/oversight-and-review-mechanisms-which-one-to-choose/ (accessed 21 January 2016);
On February 19, 2015, four former Canadian Prime Ministers wrote an op-ed in the Globe and Mail entitled “A Close Eye on Security Makes Canadians Safer”.
They were urging Canada to implement an accountability regime that would deal with the government national security activities.
Canada is the only country amongst the Five Eyes without any sort of oversight process regarding its national security agencies. However, Canada has two
external review bodies:
- The Security Intelligence review Committee (SIRC) established in 1984 to review CSIS activities;
- The Communication Security Establishment (CSE) Commissioner established in 1996 to review CSE activities.
Today, there are 17 Canadian agencies involved in national security information sharing, and only three have some sort of a review mechanism: CSIS,
the CSE and somewhat the RCMP. What about departments and agencies such as Public Safety, Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), Financial
Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre (FINTRAC), Foreign Affairs, etc? They have none.
In 2005, Bill C-81 was introduced by the Liberal government as an Act to establish a National Security Committee of Parliamentarians. It is the first
attempt after the “Maher Arar case” to create an oversight body. This legislation died when the Parliament was dissolved on October 29, 2005 and
general elections were called.
In 2013, private member’s bill C-551 was introduced by Liberal MP Wayne Easter. The proposed legislation was to establish a parliamentary
committee to oversee all national security activities. The bill stopped at the first reading in the House. Private member bills rarely become laws especially
under majority governments, which was the case at the time.
In 2014, private member’s bill C-622 was introduced by Liberal MP Joyce Murray with the intent to impose greater judicial and parliamentary scrutiny
on the CSE as well as creating a Parliamentary Committee on intelligence and security matters. The bill was voted down at the second reading.
And finally, in 2014 again, Bill S-220 was introduced by the Conservative Senator Hugh Segal and supported by his liberal colleagues Roméo Dallaire and
Grant Mitchell. The intent of the bill was to create an all-party committee of parliamentarians on national security and intelligence oversight. The bill stopped at the second reading in the Senate.
Colonel (Retired) Dominic McAlea
Colonel (Retired) McAlea joined the Perley and Rideau Veterans’ Health Centre Foundation as a board member earlier this year. Dominic was called to the Bar of Ontario and enrolled in the Canadian Armed Forces in 1981. He then served over 34 years in the Canadian Armed Forces.
During that period, he prosecuted and defended within the Canadian Armed Forces courts martial system, served with the Special Service
Force in Petawawa, completed Master of Laws studies in Public International Law at the London School of Economics and Political Science,
deployed to the Middle East during the 1st Gulf War, investigated war crimes in the Former Yugoslavia, provided legal advice to SACEUR
while posted to the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe, helped negotiate and draft the Rome Statute of the International Criminal
Court, helped develop and promulgate the suite of anti-terrorism legislation post 9/11, completed Master of Philosophy studies in International
Affairs at the University of Cambridge, deployed to the Democratic Republic of the Congo and drafted the strategic plan for reforming the
Congolese military justice system, worked on the International Military Staff at NATO Headquarters overseeing NATO-led operations in
Afghanistan, and then deployed to Kabul as Canada’s Defence Attaché to Afghanistan before retiring at the rank of colonel earlier this year.
(source: , accessed 27 February 2017).
Image source: portal.clubrunner.ca/1100/Stories/presentation-on-living-in-war-or-conflict-areas, accessed 24 August 2016
Dominic McAlea, 11 May 2016
___________"Military Justice, Security Sector Reform & State
Building", KCIS Security & Governance: Foundations for
International Security, 23 June 2010, available at https://qshare.queensu.ca/Groups/QCIR/KCIS/www/2010/Panel%204%20-%20Military%20Justice%20-%20McAlea.pdf
(accessed on 10 December 2013); presented at the Kingston
Conference on International Security 2010 Conference, Panel 4 --
(accessed on 10 December 2013)
___________"Post-Westphalian Crime", in David Wippman & Matthew Evangelista, eds., New Wars, New Laws? Applying the Laws of War in 21st Century Conflicts, Ardsley, N.Y. : Transnational Publishers, 2004, at p.111, ISBN: 1571053158; copy at Ottawa University, KZ 6355 .N49 2005;
___________Biographical Notes on Colonel D. McAlea, 2009, available at Osgoode Research Lectures PRESENTS Colonel D. McAlea, CD ... (accessed on 3 June 2012);
___________Notes biographiques sur le colonel D. McAlea, circa 2006:
Depuis 2006, le Colonel Dominic McAlea occupe les fonctions d’adjoint au cabinet du Juge Avocat Général (JAG) responsable des services
régionaux au sein des Forces armées canadiennes. Il est diplômé de la faculté de droit de l’Université de Windsor et est devenu membre du
Barreau de l’Ontario en 1981. Il a rejoint les Forces canadiennes la même année. En 1990, il a obtenu sa maîtrise en droit international de la
London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) d’Angleterre. En 1993, après avoir été impliqué dans la Guerre du Golf, Le Colonel
Dominic McAlea a dirigé des enquêtes sur les crimes de guerre commis dans l’ancienne République de Yougoslavie, plus particulièrement
dans la région de Dubrovnik, pour le compte des Nations unies. Il a également servi au Bureau du Conseiller juridique pour le Grand Quartier
Général des Puissances Alliées en Europe (SHAPE). En 1998, le Colonel McAlea était le conseiller militaire de la délégation canadienne à la
Conférence de Rome, suite à laquelle le Statut de la CPI a été adopté. En 2004, Col Dominic McAlea a complété une maîtrise en philosophie
au Centre d’études internationales de l’Université de Cambridge.
(source: http://www.ieim.uqam.ca/IMG/pdf/Montreal_training_workshop_2006_draft_07f.pdf, vérifié le 1er février 2015).
___________"Superior Orders and Command Responsibility" in
Osgoode Hall Law School. Professional Development Program, The
International Criminal Court : the road to Rome and the future,
Toronto, Ont.: Osgoode Hall Law School of York University,
Professional Development Program, 2002, 1 v. (various pagings),
for the article: 7,  p.; copy at the Library of the Supreme
Court of Canada, KZ6310 I54 2002;
___________Testimony before the House of Commons Standing Committee on National Defence and Veterans Affairs concerning Bill C-42, the Public Safety Act, 6 December 2001; Col Allan Fenske also testified with Col. McAlea; available at http://www.parl.gc.ca/HousePublications/Publication.aspx?Language=e&Mode=1&Parl=37&Ses=1&DocId=1041247 (accessed 27 February 2017);
____________Testimony before the Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, to which was referred Bill S-39, to amend the National Defence Act, the Criminal Code, the Sex Offender Information Registration Act and the Criminal Records Act,Issie 25, Evidence, 3 November 2005, available at http://www.parl.gc.ca/Content/SEN/Committee/381/lega/25eva-e.htm?Language=E&Parl=38&Ses=1&comm_id=11 (accessed 24 August 2016); Issue 24, Evidence, October 27, 2005, available at http://www.parl.gc.ca/Content/SEN/Committee/381/lega/24evc-e.htm?Language=E&Parl=38&Ses=1&comm_id=11 (accessed 24 August 2016);
__________ United States National Strategy Regarding Al-Qaida's militant Islamic Ideology, dissertation for the degree of Master of Philosophy in International Relations at the Center of International Studies, University of Cambridge, 2004; copy at Mill Lane Library: Centre of International Studies – CIS M.Phil 2003/27 at University of Cambridge; see abstract in (2006) 1 JAG Les actualités -- Newsletter 74; see notes on Col McAlea, Office of the Judge Advocate General at http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dsa-dns/sa-ns/ab/sobv-vbos-eng.asp?mAction=View&mBiographyID=260, accessed on 26 March 2012;
McCAFFREY, Pat (Patrick), former JAG officer for 35 years (28 in Ottawa and 7 in Europe with NATO), seeking the Liberal nomination in the riding of Saint John Harbour, see You Tube, see https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ziUUKmo6D0 (accessed 1 October 2016);
___________LCol Pat McCaffrey, on the right, receiving his CD1 for 22 years of service from BGen Pierre Boutet, JAG, 2 February 1998, image source: JAG Newsletter/Bulletin d'actualités du JAG, volume 1, Part 1, Jan-Feb 98 (image posted on 21 December 2016);
McCALLISTER, Bradley Duncan, Code
Conduct : An Analysis of the Modern Law of Armed Conflict, LL.M. thesis
(Master of Arts), Department of Political Studies, University of
Manitoba, 1997, 211 p.; available at http://mspace.lib.umanitoba.ca/handle/1993/1364
(accessed on 7 January 2013);
Source of image: http://mccannandlyttle.com/lawyer-bios/patrick-mccann/, accessed 12 January 2016.
McCANN, Patrick, Lawyer, McCann & Giamberardino, Testimony on Bill C-25, an Act to amend the National Defence Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts before the Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs on 7 October 1998, Issue 35, see minutes and evidence;
McCANDLESS, Henry E. (Henry Emerson), 1935-, A Citizen's Guide to Public
Accountability: changing the relationship between citizens and
authorities, Victoria (B.C.): Trafford, c2002, ii, 407
p., ISBN: 1552129578 and see Chapter 10, "The Accountability of
Top Command", at pp. 212-233; limited preview at http://books.google.com/books?id=Yn7zBvmP78kC&printsec=titlepage&dq=l%C3%A9tourneau+somalia&lr=&as_brr=3&source=gbs_toc_s&cad=1#PPA217,M1
and http://books.google.com/books?id=Yn7zBvmP78kC&dq=l%C3%A9tourneau+somalia&lr=&as_brr=3&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0 (accessed on 16 July 2008);
McCONNELL, W.H. (William Howard), 1930-, William R. McIntyre: Paladin of the Common Law, Monteal: McGill-Queen's University Press (published for Carleton University), 2000, x, 248 p., see "Military Justice and the Jurisdiction of the Civil Cases" at pp. 136-138, ISBN: 0886293413; discusses MacKay v. The Queen,  2 S.C.R. 370;
McCORMICK, Neil, "A Mean and Green Fighting Machine: Wartime environmental assessments and the Canadian Forces", (2007) 16 Dalhousie Journal of Legal Studies 1-20;
McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's
Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate
General, c2002, x, 242 p., ISBN: 0662321928;
Source: McDONALD, R. Arthur, Office of the Judge Advocate General,
The Story of Canada's Military Lawyers, Department of National
Defence, Cat. no D2-136/2002E, ISBN: 0-662-32192-8.
Reproduced with the permission of the Minister of Public Works
and Government Services Canada, 2011.
- Table of Contents;
- pp. i-xii and 1-102;
- pp. 103-242;
___________Equality Issues in the Canadian Forces under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms: a Study of the Effect of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms on Certain Policies of the Canadian Forces, LL.M. thesis, Queen's University, Faculty of Law, 1986, v, 354 p.; there is microfiche copy at the Ottawa University, Call number: Library Annex KE 4381.5 .M327 1986A;
___________"Expert Testimony Before Human Rights Tribunals"
(1995) 14 PSO Forum 22-41; this periodical is
published by the Personnel Selection Branch, Department of
___________"The Legal Branch Law Firm of the Canadian Forces"
(1987) 2 Canadian Forces Judge Advocate General Journal
___________«Le service juridique: L'étude légale des Forces Canadiennes» (1987) 2 Revue du JAG des Forces canadiennes 1-4;
___________«Le Sentier de la Discipline: Les Racines Historiques du Code de Justice Militaire Canadien» (1985) 1 Revue du JAG des Forces canadiennes 1-30;
McDOUGALL, Bruce, "Be All You Can Be", (May 1991) 15(4) Canadian Lawyer 26-28; about military lawyers in the Canadian Forces;
McDOUGALL, Martha, "Book Review Essay: Canadian Military Law
Annotated by Justice Gilles Letourneau and Colonel (ret'd) Michel
W. Drapeau, Toronto: Thomson/Carswell, 2006, 1787 pages,
$185.00", 8(3) Canadian
Military Journal, available at http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vo8/no3/essay-essai-01-eng.asp
(accessed on 11 July 2008);
McDOUGALL, Martha, "Études critiques, Canadian Military Law Annotated de Gilles Létourneau, juge et Michel W. Drapeau, colonel à la retraite, Toronto: Thomson Carswell, 2006, 1787 pages, $185.00", (automne 2007) 8(3) Revue militaire canadienne, disponible à http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vo8/no3/essay-essai-01-fra.asp (vérifié le 11 juillet 2008);
___________"The Canadian Forces Grievance Board: Institutional Change" (June/Juin 2001) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 6; available at http://web.archive.org/web/20050125074204/http://dev.cba.org/CBA/Sections/military/sword2001-06.pdf (accessed on 18 April 2012);
___________, "Précis : Un changement institutionnel : le Comité des griefs des Forces canadiennes" (June/Juin 2001) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 6; disponible à http://web.archive.org/web/20050125074204/http://dev.cba.org/CBA/Sections/military/sword2001-06.pdf (site visité le 18 avril 2012);
Image source: navy-marine.forces.gc.ca/en/navy-life/history-commanders/32-mcfadden.page, accessed 15 April 2017
Vice-Admiral Philip Dean McFADDEN, CMM, CD
McFADDEN, Capt(N) Philip Dean, "Why the Laws of Armed Conflict are no longer the ties that bind.", Canadian Forces College, AMSP (2003), AMSC 6, 42 pages; available at http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/260/266/mcfadden.pdf (accessed 2 February 2017);
___________"L'ombudsman de la Défense nationale : aider les FC à éviter et résoudre les griefs" (April/Avril 2008) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; disponible à http://www.cba.org/abc/nouvelles/mil-2008/nouvelles.aspx#article2 (site visité le 26 avril 2012);
___________"Office of the Ombudsman for National Defence and Canadian Forces" in Ombuds Institutions for the Armed Forces: Selected Case Studies, Geneva: DCAF (The Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces), 2017, [iv], 193 p., at pp. 33-63, ISBN: 978-92-9222-429-5; available at dcaf.ch/Publications/Ombuds-Institutions-for-the-Armed-Forces-Selected-Case-Studies (accessed 7 April 2017);
7. The Office Has No Power over Veterans Affairs Matters
In Canada, the Department of National Defence is separate from the
Department of Veterans Affairs, and the Ministerial Directives stipulate
that the Ombudsman for National Defence and Canadian Forces shall
not deal with any complaint that falls within the jurisdiction of Veterans
Affairs Canada or the Veterans Review and Appeal Board. Yet, in practice,
it can be very difficult to clearly draw jurisdictional lines. For example,
if a current or a former member makes an application for a disability
pension (for an injury relating to military service) to Veterans Affairs,
and the current or former member is not satisfied with the decision and
feels they were treated unfairly, the member cannot complain to the
Ombudsman. However, if the application for a disability pension was
rejected by Veterans Affairs because certain medical information was
not provided or was deemed insufficient for the purposes of assessing
the claim, the medical information concerning the injury would be held
by the Canadian Forces. If the Canadian Forces did not forward proper
information to Veterans Affairs so that it could assess the claim properly,
and if the current or former member was having an issue getting this
medical information from or correcting certain information held by
the Canadian Forces, then the member could seek the assistance of the
Ombudsman to obtain that information.
Image source: linkedin.com/in/patrick-vermette-b4784b91, accessed 26 January 2017
McGILL UNIVERSITY, Project on a Manual on International Law Applicable to Uses of Outer Space (MILAMOS), The International Space Law Group;
The International Space Law (ISL) Group focuses on military uses of space in a global security context that is relatively benign.
The ISL Group is led by Group Editors Professor Ram Jakhu (McGill University) and Professor Steven Freeland (Western Sydney University), and supported by Research Coordinator Dr. Md. Tanveer Ahmad (McGill University) and Research Assistant Mr. Bayar Goswami (McGill University).
The Core Experts in the ISL Group (in alphabetical order):
- Prof. Setsuko Aoki (Keoi University)
- Ms. Deborah Housen-Couriel (Interdisciplinary Cyber Research Center at Tel Aviv University and Haifa University’s Law Faculty)
- Mr. Peter Hulsroj (European Space Policy Institute)
- Ms. Elina Morozova (INTERSPUTNIK)
- Dr. Jinyuan Su (Xi'an Jiatong University)
- Maj. Patrick Vermette (Canadian Forces)
- Prof. Melissa de Zwart (University of Adelaide)
As Institutional Contributor to the ISL Group, there is:
- Mr. Rob Ramey (ICRC)
McKay, Alexander, The Canadian military training and advisory assistance programme to Tanzania 1965–1970, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 1972, ISBN: 9780494544907;
Scott Campbell, co-counsel for plaintiffs Chris Madill co-counsel for plaintiffs
Image source: youtube.com/watch?v=tVOUIbAkJQY Image source: https://www.cdlawyers.org/?page=65 (both images accessed on 21 December 2016)
McKELVEY, Stewart, Lawyers, Halifax, "Canadian Forces face racial discrimination and harassment class action", 21 December 2016; available at https://ca.finance.yahoo.com/news/canadian-forces-face-racial-discrimination-153000670.html (accessed 21 December 2016);
HALIFAX, Dec. 21, 2016 /CNW/ - Systemic racial discrimination and harassment are the basis of a class action filed in the Federal Court
by Stewart McKelvey on behalf of three former members of the Canadian Forces. The Plaintiffs, who propose to represent all persons in
Canada who have been enrolled as members in the Canadian Forces and who are or who identify as racial minorities, visible minorities
or Aboriginal peoples, allege that the Canadian Forces, from top to bottom, has failed to protect racial minorities and Aboriginals from
racism within the ranks.
"When individuals enroll in the Canadian Forces, they expect to serve, advance and protect the ideals we value and enjoy as Canadians –
equality, fundamental justice and human dignity," said Scott Campbell, co-counsel representing the Plaintiffs. "But our clients allege that
the very institution we trust to bring these ideals to the world, has denied them, and those they represent, these basic human rights."
"This filing is a defining moment for Canadian Forces members who have experienced racial harassment and racial discrimination," said
Chris Madill, co-counsel representing the Plaintiffs. "We intend to shine a bright light on the alleged behaviours and institutional practices
described in the Statement of Claim."
McKENZIE, J.P.S., Struggling with outdated rules: international humanitarian law and its impact on Canadian Detainee Policy, Canadian Forces College, JCSP 37, Canadian Forces College, Master of Defence Studies, available at http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/290/297/286/McKenzie.pdf (accessed 15 March 2015);
McKINNON, Alexander John, 1947-, Torture of the Other : racism as an element of torture in contemporary military operations, Thesis, (M.A.), Carleton University, 2006; available at http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/thesescanada/vol2/002/MR18285.PDF (accessed on 16 April 2012);
McKOENA, Kashmeel, "MLOTV: Canadian Forces (CF) Grievance Process", 25 May 2012, 13:15 minutes, available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DJVy8FWzVf8 (accessed 1 January 2016);
___________Web site of Kashmeel McKöena, available at http://mckoenalaw.com/ (accessed 1 January 2015;
Kashmeel joined the Canadian Forces in 2003 as practicing military lawyer with the Office of the JAG Headquarters in Ottawa,
Kashmeel participated in several military law & training assignments; including acting as the legal advisor to the Canadian Forces
Grievamce Authority and the training of Law Of Armed Conflict to members of the Canadian Forces.
Kashmeel retired from the Canadian Forces JAG at the rank of Major and join McKöena Law Professional Corporation where he
continues his legal practice as a passionate advocate for his clients when it matters the most.
[Source: http://mckoenalaw.com/about-us/, accessed 1 January 2015]
McLEAN, Lieutenant-Colonel Mike, "ROE: Their Impact on Combat Stress in Peace Support Operations", AMSC 3 (Advanced Military Studies Course 3), Canadian Forces College, 26 p.; available at http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/260/263/mclean2.pdf (accessed on 19 June 2012);
Armand Desroches, source of photo: http://www.redecoupage-federal-redistribution.ca/content.asp?section=pei&dir=mem&document=index&lang=f (accessed on 20 March 2014)
McLEAN, R. and A. (Armand) Desroches (both Lieutenant-Colonels), "The
Canadian Forces in Internal Security Operations” in The Management of the Police
Response to Crisis Situations: the Proceedings of the Tactical
Unit Workshop Canadian Police College, Ottawa: Canadian
Police College, 1982, 184 p., at p. 61;
McLEARN, Brigadier-General H.A. (Harold Alexander), "Canadian Arrangements for Aid of the Civil Power", (Summer 1971) 1(1) Canadian Defence Quarterly 26-31; Brigadier-General McLearn was the Judge Advocate General from 20 February 1969 to 13 August 1972;
____________for an article on Trevor McLeod, see EDWARDS, Victoria, "16004 Major Trevor McLeod, Member ANA Legal School Training Advisor Team", supra;Major Trevor P. McLeod, CD, BEng (Civ), LL.B., MBA
Major Trevor McLeod joined the CF in 1983 as an ROTP cadet at the Royal Military College of Canada in Kingston. He graduated in
1987 with a degree in civil engineering. After an aborted attempt to become a CF pilot, Trevor completed classification training as an
Air Weapons Controller in 1989
Trevor spent two tours of duty at the Canadian NORAD Sector in North Bay (1988 - 1992, and 1996 - 1999) where at different times
he maintained qualifications as a Weapons Director and Weapons Assignment Officer, Surveillance Controller, Standards Evaluator,
Operations Room Tactical Director, NORAD Airborne Battle Staff and Joint Operations Officer. From 1992 to 1996 he was posted
to the NATO Airborne Early Warning Force in Geilenkirchen, Germany where he served as a Weapons Controller and Fighter Allocator
on squadron, as well as an Instructor in the Training Wing.
After being accepted into the Military Legal Training Program in 1999, Trevor attended law school at the University of Ottawa and
graduated in 2002. After completing his Bar Admissions Course for the province of Ontario, Trevor officially joined the Office of the
JAG in 2003. As a Legal Officer he has advised in the areas of administrative law concerning personnel issues and grievances, on
general military law, and on military justice issues. He has deployed operationally twice as a legal officer. In 2007 he had an opportunity
to advise on operational law issues during a deployment to the Democratic Republic of Congo where he filled the position of Deputy
Military Legal Advisor to the United Nations peacekeeping force in that country. In 2012 Trevor deployed to Kabul, Afghanistan and
served as the Deputy Training Advisor to the Afghanistan National Army Legal School.
Trevor’s current and last posting as a legal officer is in Ottawa with the JAG Directorate of Law / Military Justice Policy where he
works diligently and tirelessly on the regulations and consequential amendments stemming from Bill C-15: Strengthening Military
Justice in the Defence of Canada Act. He will be joining the ranks of the Department of Justice as a counsel with the International
Assistance Group. Currently enjoying a return to paternity with a little one less than 2 years old, Trevor anticipates many years with
the Department of Justice.
Congratulations to Major Trevor McLeod for his 33 years of service in the Canadian Armed Forces and numerous achievements as
an Air Weapons Controller and Legal Officer, and best of luck to him, his wife Vesna and two daughters Alyssa and Anna in their future endeavors.
Major Trevor P. McLeod, CD, BEng (Civ), LL.B., MBA
Le major McLeod joint les FC en 1983 en tant que cadet dans le PFOR du Collège militaire royal du Canada, à Kingston. En 1987, il
obtient un diplôme en génie civil. En 1989, après un échec pour devenir un pilote des FC, Trevor complète la formation pour se qualifier
à titre de contrôleur des armes aériennes.
Trevor a passé deux périodes de service avec le secteur canadien du NORAD à North Bay (1988 - 1992 et 1996 - 1999) où, pendant
des périodes différentes, il maintient ses qualifications comme directeur des armes et officier à l’affectation des armes, contrôleur de la
surveillance et évaluateur des normes, directeur tactique du Centre des opérations, officier d’état-major de combat aéroporté du NORAD et
officier des opérations interarmées. De 1992 à 1996, il est posté à la Force aéroportée d’alerte avancée de l’OTAN, à Geilenkirchen, en
Allemagne, où il sert à titre de contrôleur à bord des avions dotés du système aéroporté de détection lointaine pour un escadron ainsi que
d’instructeur de l’escadre responsable de la formation.
Après avoir été accepté au Programme militaire d’études en droit en 1999, Trevor a fréquenté la faculté de droit de l’Université d’Ottawa
et obtient son diplôme en 2002. Trevor complète ensuite son cours de formation professionnelle du barreau pour la province d’Ontario et
joint officiellement le cabinet du JAG en 2003. En sa qualité d’avocat militaire, il fournit des avis dans le domaine du droit administratif,
sur les questions de personnel et de griefs, du droit militaire en général, et de la justice militaire. Il se déploie deux fois comme avocat militaire
en théâtre opérationnel. En 2007 il avise sur les questions de droit opérationnel au cours d’un déploiement dans la République démocratique
du Congo où il occupe le poste de conseiller juridique militaire adjoint à la Force de maintien de la paix des Nations Unies dans ce pays. En
2012 Trevor se déploie à Kabul, Afghanistan ou il occupe le poste d’adjoint au conseiller militaire senior à l’École juridique de l’Armée nationale
La dernière et actuelle affection de Trevor en tant qu’avocat militaire est à Ottawa au sein de la Direction juridique / Justice militaire – politique
ou il a travaillé avec diligence et ardeur sur les amendements législatifs et règlementaires résultant du projet de loi C-15, la Loi visant à renforcer
la justice militaire pour la défense du Canada. Il va par la suite joindre les rangs du Service d’entraide internationale au Ministère de la Justice
en qualité d’avocat. Savourant présentement un retour aux joies de la paternité avec une petite ayant moins de 2 ans d’âge, Trevor anticipe plusieurs
années au sein de l’équipe du Ministère de la Justice.
Félicitations au major Trevor McLeod pour ses 33 années de services au sein des Forces armées canadiennes et ses nombreux accomplissements
en tant que contrôleur des armes aériennes et avocat militaire, et meilleurs vœux à lui, son épouse Vesna et ses deux filles Alyssa et Anna dans leurs projets futurs.
[Source: email from Keith Reichert, Assistant Chief of Staff (Personnel), Office of the Judge Advocate General to Benoit Pinsonneault, alumni member, 16 August 2016, 14:33 h]
McNAIRN, David, Canadian Military Justice, forthcoming book, 2015-2016, Irwin Law Inc.; source: http://www.scc-csc.gc.ca/factums-memoires/35946/FM010_Appelant_Sergeant-Damien-Arsenault.pdf, at p. 44, accessed 16 March 2015;
Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/umjanedoan/497353227/, accessed 11 February 2015
___________ "The Canadian Forces' Criminal Law Firm: A Blueprint
for Independence -- Part I", (2003) 8(2) Canadian Criminal Law
Review 237-280 and "The Canadian Forces' Criminal Law Firm:
A Blueprint for Independence -- Part II", (2004) 8(3) Canadian
Criminal Law Review 329-376;
___________"The costs connandrum in the Court Martial Appeal Court", circa 2012, available at http://www.cba.org/cba/newsletters-sections/pdf/2012-05-military-2.pdf (accessed on 1 February 2015);
___________"Does Canada Need a Permanent Military Court?", (2006) 18 Constitutional Law 205-234;
___________"Message from the Chair" (February/Février 2003) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 2 and 7; available at http://web.archive.org/web/20050125062546/http://dev.cba.org/CBA/Sections/military/swordscaledec2002.pdf (accessed on 19 April 2012);
___________"Précis : Message du président" (February/Février 2003) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 2 et 6; disponible à http://web.archive.org/web/20050125062546/http://dev.cba.org/CBA/Sections/military/swordscaledec2002.pdf (site visité le 19 avril 2012);
___________"A Military Justice Primer, Part I and Part II",
(2000) 43 The Criminal Law Quarterly 243-267 and 375-392;
with the same title in (July-October 2000) vol. 3 JAG
Newsletter / JAG Bulletin d'actualités 32-49;
___________"Introduction au système de justice militaire" dans Congrès annuel du Barreau du Québec 2002, 2002, 614 pages, aux pp. 1-45; disponible à http://congres.barreau.qc.ca/2002/documentation.html (vérifié le 27 février 2012); aussi publié dans (2002) 7(3) Canadian Criminal Law Review / Revue canadienne de droit pénal 299-332;
___________Canadian Military Law, Ottawa : University of Ottawa, Common Law Section, 2013-, "CML 3149" (seies; Casebook, University of Ottawa, Common Law Section; copy at the University of Ottawa, Fauteux Library: KE 6800 .M36 2013-2014 v.1 et v. 2;
accessed 11 February 2015
___________"Military Law Reform in Canada",  New Zealand Armed Forces Law Review 51-56; p. 51 is available at http://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?collection=journals&handle=hein.journals/nzaflr3&div=12&id=&page= (accessed on 27 February 2012);
___________"Should Canada's Military Justice System Have Jurisdiction Over Ordinary Criminal Offences?", in Michel Drapeau Law Office, ed., Winds of Change: Conference and Debate on Canadian Military Law, [Ottawa:] Michel Drapeau Law Office, 2016, 102 p., at pp. 65-71, NOTES: Conference held at the University of Ottawa, 13 November 2015; "For the first time an international academic conference on military law was held in Canada at the University of Ottawa with the focus on reform and comparative law" (Gilles Létourneau, Preface, p. 7); "(Organizing Committee for the Conference: Michel W. Drapeau, Joshua M. Juneau, Walter Semianiw and Sylvie Corbin)"; Speech transcribed by Joshua M. Juneau, p. 31; available at mdlo.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/2015-Conference-Proceedings.pdf (accessed 20 January 2016);
The Three Conditions for the Exercise of Military Jurisdiction Over Ordinary
Criminal Offences: A Reformulation of the Military Nexus Doctrine
What I am about to offer you is in effect a reformulation of the military nexus doctrine which developed rather haphazardly in Canadian
jurisprudence. I suggest that the military justice system should only exercise its concurrent jurisdiction over an ordinary criminal offence
allegedly committed in Canada by a person subject to the Code of Service Discipline if three conditions are satisfied:
1. Is there a real and substantial connection between the alleged offence and the accused’s military service?
2. Taking into account all relevant considerations, is there a compelling military interest in prosecuting the alleged offence?
3. Have civilian justice authorities been fully informed of the circumstances of the alleged offence, waived their authority to prosecute the
offence, and consented to the prosecution in the military justice system?
___________Studies in Public Law: Canadian Military Law CML 4104A-- Materials on Military Justice, University of Ottawa, 2009; available in part at http://www.commonlaw.uottawa.ca/index2.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_view&gid=2583&Itemid=99999999 and http://www.commonlaw.uottawa.ca/index2.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_view&gid=2613&Itemid=99999999, http://www.commonlaw.uottawa.ca/index2.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_view&gid=2551&Itemid=99999999, http://www.commonlaw.uottawa.ca/index2.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_view&gid=2552&Itemid=99999999, http://www.commonlaw.uottawa.ca/index2.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_view&gid=2583&Itemid=99999999, http://www.commonlaw.uottawa.ca/index2.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_view&gid=2613&Itemid=99999999
(accessed on 6 December 2011 and 6 January 2012);
___________Studies in Public Law: Canadian Military Law [Materials on Military Justice], Ottawa: University of Ottawa, Common Law Section 2011-, (series; Casebook, University of Ottawa, Common Law Section), NOTES: CML 4104; Latest edition only kept at the Law Library; copy at Ottawa University, FTX Reserve KE 7146 .M36 2011-2012, volumes 1 and 2;
(accessed on 6 January 2012)
___________"An Update on Military Law Reform in Canada",
[December 2004] New Zealand Armed Forces Law Review 36 to
approx. 44; title noted in my research but article not
consulted yet (4 November 2005);
___________ "Why is independence of the legal profession important?" (May/Mai 2002) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 4 and 7; available at http://web.archive.org/web/20050125112748/http://dev.cba.org/CBA/Sections/military/swordscaleapril2002.pdf (accessed on 19 April 2012);
___________"Précis : Pourquoi l'indépendance de la profession est-elle si important?" (May/Mai 2002) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 4; disponible à http://web.archive.org/web/20050125112748/http://dev.cba.org/CBA/Sections/military/swordscaleapril2002.pdf (site visité le 19 avril 2012);
McNAMER, John, "Canada -- Briefing to the UN Committee against
Torture, 48th Session, May 2012, on Canada's Transfer of Afghan
Detainees into the Danger of Torture by Other Authorities",
available at http://www.nightslantern.ca/law/mcnamertocat.pdf
(accessed on 3 November 2014);
___________"Canada's Detainee Torture Scandal : An Overview February 12, 2012", 13 p.; available at http://www.lawyersagainstthewar.org/letters/Canada.Detainee.Scandal.Feb.12.pdf (accessed on 22 May 2012);
McRAE, Peter, Unaccountable Soldiers: Private Military Companies and the Law of Armed Conflict, LL.M. thesis, University of Ottawa, 2011, iii, 116 p.; available at https://www.ruor.uottawa.ca/handle/10393/20580?locale=fr (accessed on 15 October 2015);
McWHINNEY, Edward, "The Firing Squad Case: Have we swept it under the rug?", The Globe and Mail, 11/04/1966, p. 7;
THE TRIAL AND execution in the Netherlands of the two German prisoners-of-war, Bruno Dorfer and Rain- er Beck, nine
days after the Allies abolished the legal... (source: http://queensu.summon.serialssolutions.com/search?s.cmd=nextPage%
28%29&s.light=t&s.pn=5&s.q=%22canadian+military+law%22, accessed 15 October 2015)
____________"Canada and the 2003 invasion of Iraq: Prime Minister Chrétien's gloss on the UN charter principles on the use of force", (2007) 45 Canadian yearbook of international law 271-290;
Source de l'image: https://www.mcgill.ca/law/fr/about/profs/megret-frederic, visité 18 octobre 2015
MÉGRET, Frédéric, "Thinking About What International Humanitarian Lawyers 'Do': An Examination of the Laws of War as a Field of Professional Practice", (October 7, 2014) in Wouter Werner, Marieke de Hoon, and Alexis Galán Ávila (eds), The Law of International Lawyers (2015). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2670673 (accessed 18 October 2015);
Photo with the article
MELNYK, Kelly, "The Resort to Force and International Humanitarian Law in Contemporary Armed Conflicts: The Military Lawyers’ Perspective", Thompson Rivers University, Faculty of Law, available at http://law.inside.tru.ca/2015/10/03/the-resort-to-force-and-international-humanitarian-law-in-contemporary-armed-conflicts-the-military-lawyers-perspective/ (accessed 16 November 2015);
Lieutenant-Commander Mike Madden and Major Patricia Beh of the Canadian Armed Forces, Judge Advocate General (JAG), will be speaking on the “The Resort to Force and International Humanitarian Law in Contemporary Armed Conflicts: The Military Lawyers’ Perspective” on Wednesday, October 14th, 2015 at 1:oopm in OM 3632.
Alain Ménard (à droite) avec Francis (Frank) Bergeron (court reporter), source de la photo: JAG Newsletter/Les actualités, vol. 1, 2003 at p. 16
MÉNARD, LCol A. (Alain), "The Role of the Military Judge: Meeting
the Challenges of Independence - National Military Law Section
Panel - Discipline Through Justice - Canadian Bar Association
Annual Conference - Saskatoon - August 2001", (Jun-Dec 2001) 2 JAG
Newsletter-Les actualités 49-54; note: "BGen Pitzul was the
invited speaker at the luncheon given by the Association des
avocats civilistes", November 1, 2001, Ottawa; note: bilingual
article (parts in French and English) / article bilingue (parties
en français et anglais);
___________Notes on LCol Ménard:
Source de l'image: Google image et aussi image à la page web citée immédiatement sous-dessous
Biography - Lieutenant-Colonel Alain MénardLieutenant-Colonel Ménard was born in Joliette, Québec. He obtained his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Montréal and his Law degree at
Sherbrooke University in 1971. Admitted to the practice of law in 1972 he has been a member of the Québec Bar ever since.
Lieutenant-Colonel Ménard practised law for 4 years in private practice before he enrolled in the CF in August 1976. After being commissioned he served
initially in Ottawa in the Claims section and in the Legislation, Regulations, Orders and Finance section.
Promoted to the rank of major in 1980, he was appointed Deputy Judge Advocate, CFB Montréal (St-Hubert) until 1982 when he joined the Office of the
Senior Legal Adviser Europe in Lahr, FRG, until 1986.
In July 1986 he was posted to the Defence and Training section in Ottawa until March 1987, at which date he was posted to the Legislation, Regulations,
Orders and Finance section.
Promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel on the 1st of August 1988 he was appointed Director of Law/Pensions and Estate in Ottawa for a period of one year.
On 21 November 1989, he was appointed Military Trial Judge for a period of 4 years, which appointment was renewed until November 2, 2002.
(source: http://web.archive.org/web/20021022002424/http://www.forces.ca/cmj/biosMenard_e.asp, accessed on 10 May 2014)
Biographie - Lieutenant-colonel Alain Ménard, CD
Le lieutenant-colonel Ménard est né à Joliette (Qc). Il a fait son cours classique au Séminaire de Joliette et son cours universitaire à Sherbrooke (Qc) où il
obtint une licence en droit en 1971. Il fut admis à la pratique du droit en 1972 et est membre en règle du Barreau du Québec depuis lors.
Le lieutenant-colonel Ménard a pratiqué le droit pendant une période de 4 ans dans un bureau de pratique privée et s'est par la suite enrôlé dans les Forces
canadiennes en août 1976. Une fois son brevet d'officier obtenu, il travaille au cabinet du Juge-avocat général à Ottawa à la section des réclamations de
même qu'à celle des lois, règlements, ordonnances et finances.
Promu major en 1980, il occupe le poste d'adjoint au juge-avocat à la BFC Montréal (St-Hubert) jusqu'en 1982 d'où il est muté au bureau du conseiller
juridique supérieur en Europe, à Lahr, en RFA jusqu'en 1986.
En juillet 1986, il est affecté à Ottawa à la section de défense et formation jusqu'en mars 1987 alors qu'il est muté à la section de législation, règlements,
ordonnances et finances.
Promu lieutenant-colonel le 1er août 1988, il occupe le poste de Directeur juridique, Pensions et successions à Ottawa pendant un an.
Le 21 novembre 1989, il fut nommé juge militaire pour une période de quatre ans, nomination qui devait être renouvelée jusqu'au 2 novembre 2002.
(source: http://web.archive.org/web/20021028061635/http://www.forces.ca/cmj/biosMenard_f.asp, site visité le 10 mai 2014).
MERCIER, Noémi, "Jonathan Vance: ‘I’m not satisfied at all with where we are at’ Noémi Mercier in conversation with the Chief of the Defence Staff of the Canadian Armed Forces on sexual assault and harassment in the military", MacLean's, 1 February 2016; available at http://www.macleans.ca/news/canada/jonathan-vance-im-not-satisfied-at-all-with-where-we-are-at-right-now/ (accessed 5 February 2016);
____________ "La justice militaire canadienne n’est pas indépendante» Dans
une entrevue exclusive, le grand responsable de la justice militaire du
Royaume-Uni déplore le manque d’indépendance et d’impartialité de
l’appareil de justice des Forces canadiennes", L'actualité, 18 janvier 2016; disponible à http://www.lactualite.com/societe/la-justice-militaire-canadienne-nest-pas-independante/ (vérifié 20 Janvier 2016);
___________ "La justice militaire sort gagnante en Cour suprême", L'Actualité, 24 novembre 2015; disponible à http://www.lactualite.com/actualites/politique/la-justice-militaire-sort-gagnante-en-cour-supreme/ (visité 25 novembre 2015);
Ainsi, les Forces canadiennes conservent toute leur latitude pour juger non seulement les manquements disciplinaires de leurs membres
(comme l’insubordination ou l’absence sans permission), mais aussi leurs crimes, sans devoir consulter les autorités civiles. Et ce,
quelles que soient les circonstances. Que le soldat ait commis son infraction alors qu’il était en devoir ou non, que l’incident se soit
produit sur une base militaire ou en dehors, que la victime soit militaire ou civile, peu importe, tranche la Cour suprême: le procès
peut se dérouler dans une cour martiale, dans ce régime opaque où tous les acteurs, du juge au sténographe en passant par les
procureurs et les jurés, sont militaires.
Tout le flou qui pouvait encore planer sur ce point vient de s’envoler. «On a perdu sur toute la ligne», admet le Capitaine de corvette
Mark Létourneau, l’un des avocats militaires qui ont plaidé cette cause devant la Cour suprême. Joint au téléphone à son bureau de
Gatineau, quelques heures après le dévoilement du jugement, il était sonné par l’ampleur de la défaite. «Les assises constitutionnelles
du système de justice militaire sont pas mal plus fortes aujourd’hui qu’hier.»
de l'image: http://www.lactualite.com/societe/crimes-sexuels-le-cancer-qui-ronge-larmee-canadienne/,
visité le 28 novembre 2014
MERCIER, Noémi et Alec Castonguay, "Crimes sexuels: le cancer qui
ronge l'armée", L'Actualité, 22 avril 2014;
Marco Morin, un avocat de Victoriaville et lieutenant-colonel à la retraite, a souvent plaidé en cour martiale, lui qui a exercé le droit dans les Forces pendant
une vingtaine d’années, dans les années 1990 et 2000. « Ce système de justice n’en est pas un, dit-il. La cour martiale est excellente pour rendre une justice
expéditive dans des cas d’infractions à caractère purement militaire. Mais dans des causes d’agressions sexuelles, elle n’a pas les mêmes outils que les tribunaux
civils pour apprécier la gravité de la situation et rendre des ordonnances appropriées. Pourquoi donner cette juridiction à la cour martiale? Les agressions sexuelles
sont des crimes contre la personne qui dépassent toujours l’intérêt des Forces canadiennes à maintenir la discipline interne. »
MERON, Theodor, "Civil Jurisdiction of Canadian Courts over United States Military Personnel in Canada", (January 1957) 12(1) The University of Toronto Law Journal 67-78;
MERRITT, William Hamilton, 1855-1918, The old militia law of Canada: the new militia laws of Australia and New Zealand and Lord Kirchener's report / by Lieut.-Col. Wm. Hamilton Merritt, [S.l. : s.n., 1910?], pp. -58 ; 22 cm., Notes: "Read before the Canadian Military Institute at Toronto, on Monday evening, 21st November, 1910" and "Donation of Sylvia and Bernard Ostry, 1985" (source: University of Ottawa catalogue); copy at University of Ottawa, Archives Ostry -- MRT Concourse, KE 6800 .M48 1910; available at https://archive.org/details/oldmilitialawofc00merr, accessed 12 May 2015;
"Message from the Chair" (June/Juin 2001) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire
2; available at http://web.archive.org/web/20050125074204/http://dev.cba.org/CBA/Sections/military/sword2001-06.pdf
(accessed on 18 April 2012);
"Précis : Message du président" (June/Juin 2001) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 2; disponible à http://web.archive.org/web/20050125074204/http://dev.cba.org/CBA/Sections/military/sword2001-06.pdf (site visité le 18 avril 2012
MERTZ, Emily and Amy Wilson, "Military Traditions and Laws as Exercised in the Framework Created by Canadian Social Legislation", submitted to the Canadian Forces Leadership Institute, August 14, 2002, 57 p.;
Task-Based Informatics Professional Services (TBIPS) Requirement
This requirment is for: Department of National Defence
Description of the requirement:
The Judge Advocate General Comprehensive Information Management Project (JAG CIMP) within the Department of National Defence is providing a JAGNet portal for Legal Knowledge Management (LKM). LKM will give JAG users access to legal information stored within the records of the Office of the JAG, the corporate knowledge of its legal officers and the numerous legal information sources available throughout Canada and the world. Such access is made possible through application integration, collaboration and portal creation features provided by Microsoft Office SharePoint Server.
MESTRAL, Armand de, 1941-, "L'obligation constitutionnelle de
respecter les conventions de Genève : quelques réflexions sur la
place du droit humanitaire en droit canadien" dans Mélanges Gérald-A. Beaudoin,
(Québec): Les Éditions Yvon Blais, 2002, pp. 155-162;
Troy Metz, image source http://ca.linkedin.com/pub/troy-metz/14/432/235, accessed on 25 Jun 2014
METZ, Troy Kenneth, 1970-, The
training of the Canadian military and the Somalia affair,
University of Saskatchewan thesis, 1997, iv, 116 leaves; available
(accessed on 11 April 2014);
Was NATO’s military intervention in Libya legal? What about Afghanistan? Or the imprisonment of America’s detainees
in Guantánamo Bay, Cuba? What is the legal status of killing by drones? What happens to people who commit war crimes?
What are the remedies for an illegal war? This seminar examines the international law governing war, including both
questions of when war is legal (so-called ‘jus ad bellum’) and how even legal wars must be conducted (so-called ‘jus in bello’
or the laws and customs of war) and the relationship between the two types of law. It also examines the various judicial institutions
that have jurisdiction over these issues, from the World Court, to the ad hoc tribunals (Yugoslavia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone), to
national courts exercising ‘universal jurisdiction’ (Belgium, Canada), to the new International Criminal Court.
Case studies on the armed conflicts over Kosovo, in Afghanistan, Iraq and Libya, and between Israel and the Palestinians, provide
the settings for concrete legal analysis and also for critical evaluation of the role of law in war.
MICHAUD, Kathy, Sarah Powers and Chantale Lussier-Ley, Survey on the summary trial process, [Ottawa, Ont.] : Director General Military Personnel Research & Analysis, 2009, xviii, 184 p.; xviii, 184 p. (series; DGMPRA technical note; 2009-22),
accessed 28 November 2014
MIDDLEMISS, Dan, "Political Science 3571R/5571R -- The Politics
of Contemporary Canadian Defence Policy", Course outline
2010-2011, 98 p.; extensive bibliography; available at http://politicalscience.dal.ca/Files/syllabi_docs/Fall_10.11/3571-_Fall.pdf
(accessed on 2 March 2012);
Image source: https://twitter.com/cbcterry, accessed 18 August 2016
Pity the military bureaucrat, buried in acronyms. Even the most intrepid clerk may remember his ROE and STD but forget to check
his TSS/TEA with a LEGAD from the OJAG. It can happen to anyone.
For that, you'll need a LEGAD from the OJAG. You guessed it: a legal adviser from the Office of the Judge Advocate General.
'The doubt rule'
One of the few paragraphs not riddled with acronyms puts the pilots on notice: if you're not sure whether it's a civilian target or a military one, don't drop the bomb.
But the document wants to know: Is this bombing militarily necessary? Is the damage proportional to the benefits? Has the target been approved by the coalition? By the
intelligence officer? By the legal adviser? By the Targeting Engagement Authority?
Your answer had better be, yes. It's enough to make you wonder if a LEGAD clings to every falling bomb, taking notes for the mandatory post-bombing reports.
Military Articles Meta Search Engine Created by Annette Demers, available at http://www.uwindsor.ca/law/library/new-military-articles-meta-search-engine-created-by-annette (accessed on 30 November 2011; site at University of Windsor, Windsor Law);
Source of image: , accessed 27 September 2916
Judges Inquiry Committee, decision about the complaint against Chief Military Judge Mario Dutil, 27 April 2016; available at http://www.cmac-cacm.ca/bulletins/documents/April_27_2016.docx (accessed 27 September 2016);
Ottawa, 27 April 2016
The Military Judges Inquiry Committee, established in accordance with section 165.31 of the National Defence Act, reviewed a complaint against
the Chief Military Judge Mario Dutil. The complaint was made by Colonel Bruce J Wakeham.
The complaint concerned allegations of infringement to the Defence Administrative Order and Directives (DAOD) 5019-1, Personal Relationships
and Fraternization. After considering all the issues in this case, the complaint was dismissed on the basis that it did not raise any issue of
judicial conduct as referred to in subsection 165.32(7) of the National Defence Act and therefore did not warrant consideration by the Military
Judges Inquiry Committee.
Military Judges Selection Process, Ottawa: Department of National Defence, 2000, referred to by McNairn, "The Canadian Forces' Criminal Law Firm: A Blueprint for Independence", Part II, supra, p. 353;
Military Judges Selection Process, Ottawa, Backgrounder / January 24, 2001 / Project number: BG-01.003;
available at http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/news/article.page?doc=military-judges-selection-process/hnmx19ox,
accessed on 12 February 2015; also published in French /aussi
publié en français à http://www.forces.gc.ca/fr/nouvelles/article.page?doc=processus-de-selection-des-juges-militiares/hnmx19ox,
visité le 12 février 2015;
THE SELECTION PROCESS*
Subsection 165.21(1) of the National Defence Act provides that the Governor in Council may appoint officers who are barristers or advocates of at least ten years standing
at the bar of a province to be military judges. To ensure that competent and deserving officers are recommended for military judicial appointments the Minister, in consultation
with the Office of the Commissioner of Federal Judicial Affairs and the Minister of Justice, developed and implemented an evaluation and selection process that is consistent
with the Federal Judicial Appointment process. The Office of the Commissioner of Federal Judicial Affairs administers and supports the process.
Military Judges Selection Committee
The military judges selection process provides for the assessment of candidates by an advisory committee, known as the Military Judges Selection Committee (MJSC).
The MJSC, appointed by the Minister of National Defence is representative of the bench, the civilian bar and the military community. It is composed of:
- a lawyer or judge nominated by the Judge Advocate General (JAG);
- a civilian lawyer nominated by the Canadian Bar Association;
- a civilian judge nominated by the Chief Military Judge;
- an officer of the Canadian Forces, holding the rank of Major-General or higher, nominated by the Chief of the Defence Staff; and;
- a non-commissioned member of the rank of Chief Warrant Officer or equivalent nominated by the Chief of the Defence Staff.
Those interested in being considered for a military judicial appointment place their names before the MJSC. The MJSC assesses all candidates based upon a list
of identified criteria relating to:
professional competence and experience;
personal characteristics such as honesty and integrity;
social awareness; and
potential impediments to appointment such as an inability to meet Canadian Forces medical and physical fitness requirements.
All Committee proceedings and consultations take place on a confidential basis.
Upon the completion of a candidate's assessment, the MJSC is asked to place the candidate into one of three possible assessment categories:
highly recommended; or
unable to recommend.
Once the MJSC has completed its assessment of a candidate, the assessment is forwarded to the Minister of National Defence. The Minister of National Defence is ultimately responsible for recommending candidates to the Governor in Council.
The Government of Canada and the Minister of National Defence are committed to ensuring the appointment of qualified and deserving candidates to the military judiciary. The evaluation and selection process implemented by the Minister ensures this occurs and contributes to the strengthening of the Canadian Forces as a national institution.
* The full text of the Military Judges Selection Process is available on request [emphasis added]
Military justice and court reporters", (11 May 2011) The Maple Leaf--La feuille d'érable 7; aussi en français à la meme page: "La justice militaire et les sténpgraphes judiciaires"; available at http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2011/dn-nd/D12-7-14-16.pdf (accessed 11 September 2016);
"Military Justice - Too Little, Too Late", (shipped October 1998)
volume 6, issue 9, Esprit de Corps, pp. 5 and 11;
the article deals mostly about General Gerry Pitzul, the Judge
Advocate General of the Canadian Forces;
MILITARY LAW CENTRE, Kingston, various notes on the:
The Military Law Centre on the grounds of RMC, staffed with 12 military lawyers, oversees the education of officers and troops in legal matters ranging from
the Forces own code of conduct to the laws of war. It trains military lawyers and advises Ottawa on matters of policy and doctrine. The centre integrates legal
education into the regular training that Forces members undergo and establishes its growing importance within the military hierarchy. Selected RMC Canada
cadets participate in Law Of Armed Conflict international Competitions each ll with cadets from USAFA, USMA, USNA, and USCGA. In the Spring of 2008,
RMC cadets will be selected to participate in a competition on the Law of Armed Conflict at the International Institute of Humanitarian Law in Sanremo, Italy.
(source: http://edu724476.typepad.com/blog/2012/02/military-school-royal-military-college-of-canada.html, accessed 16 April 2015);
"Military Law Section Meeting and CLE conference 'Military
Justice -- an Oxymoron?' -- June 5, 2009, Ottawa" (May/Mail 2009) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire;
available at http://www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters-sections/2009/PrintHTML.aspx?DocId=37322#top
(accessed on 28 April 2012);
___________"Conférence de 2009 en droit militaire et réunion du comité exécutif de la Section le 5 juin 2009, Ottawa" (May/Mai 2009) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; disponible à http://www.cba.org/abc/nouvelles-sections/2009/2009-05_military.aspx et http://www.cba.org/abc/nouvelles-sections/2009/2009-05_military.aspx#article4 (site visité le 28 avril 2012);
Military Libraries in Canada:
|Military libraries : Canada|
|Canadian Forces College|
|Canadian Forces School of Aerospace Studies (Intranet)|
|Canadian Forces School of Communications & Electronics (Intranet)|
|Canadian Forces Virtual Library|
|Defence and Research Development Canada|
|Fort Frontenac (Intranet)|
|General-Jean-V.-Allard Memorial Library (Intranet)|
|National Defence Headquarters (Intranet)|
|ORD : Operational Research Division (Intranet)|
|Royal Military College of Canada|
|Training Schools : CFB Borden (Intranet)
Ŝource : http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/303/180/223.php?typeId=14#14
MILITARY NEWSPAPERS, List of: (information from Internet, accessed 18 April 2016)
Naval Base Newspapers
Air Force Base Newspapers
Army Base Newspapers
Canadian National Defence Headquarters
MILITARY POLICE COMPLAINTS COMMISSION, Chairperson's
Final Report -- Following a Public Interest Investigation
Pursuant to Subsection 250.38(1) of the National Defence Act
With Respect to the Complaints of Brigadier-General Patricia
Samson Canadian Forces Provost Marshall And Ex-Warrant Officer
Matthew Stopford, Ottawa: Military Police Commission,
Ottawa: 17 January 2001, 80 p., files: MPCC 2000-023 and
MPCC 2000-025 (Chairperson: Louise Cobetto); available at http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/webarchives/20071115030212/http://www.mpcc-cppm.gc.ca/300/319_e.aspx
(accessed on 26 February 2012);
COMMISSION D'EXAMEN DES PLAINTES CONCERNANT LA POLICE MILITAIRE, Rapport final de la Présidente consécutivement à une enquête d'intérêt public en vertu du paragraphe 250.38(1) de la Loi sur la défense nationale à l'égard des plaintes du brigadier-général Patricia Samson, Grand prévôt des Forces canadiennes et de l'ex-adjudant Matthew Stopford, Ottawa: Commission d'examen des plaintes concernant la police militaire, 17 janvier 2001, 83 p., dossiers: CPPM 2000-023 et CPPM 2000-025 (Présidente: Louise Cobetto); disponible à http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/webarchives/20071115034033/http://www.mpcc-cppm.gc.ca/300/319_f.aspx (vérifié le 26 février 2012);
Military Police Investigations: What Is It About?,
Ottawa: Military Police Complaints Commission, 2002, 19 p., ISBN:
0-662-67184-8; available at http://www.mpcc-cppm.gc.ca/alt_format/300/315-eng.pdf
(accessed on 26 February 2006);
___________L'ingérence dans les enquêtes de la police militaire; de quoi s'agit-il?, Ottawa: Commission d'examen des plaintes concernant la police militaire, 2002, 21 p., ISBN: 0-662-67184-8; disponible à http://www.mpcc-cppm.gc.ca/alt_format/300/315-fra.pdf (visité le 26 février2012);
image source: https://twitter.com/millarslaw, accessed 20 August 2016
MILLAR, Philip, Anonymous author, article on Philip Millar, "Phillip Millar Tackles Sexual Assault at CBA Military Conference", Millars Law: A Professional Corporation Web site, 17 June 2016; available at http://millarslaw.com/2016/06/17/phillip-millar-tackles-sexual-assault-at-cba-military-conference/ (accessed 20 August 2016);
On June 2, 2016, the annual Canadian Bar Association’s Military Law Conference was held in Ottawa.
Phillip went on to state that once a complaint is made, serving soldiers can be laid and a court martial held, but
afterwards they cannot sue their employer. Essentially, they are denied the civil remedy most civilians have available
to them to seek damages and receive justice. In addition, Phillip addressed the fact that lawyers who represent the
Department of National Defence in civil suits do not reflect the internal policies of the Chain of Command when it
comes to treating victims with respect. He brought up the example of one case in which lawyers for the defence
described a sexual assault as a simple breast groping, thereby showing a lack of understanding of the nature of what
a sexual assault constitutes and the power dynamics involved.
___________"Military Punishes Sexual Assault Victims", Millars Law: A Professional Corporation Web site, 21 May 2016; available at http://millarslaw.com/2016/05/21/sexualassaultinthemilitary/ (accessed 21 August 2016);
MINENKO, Mark, 1957-, Private
Military Companies: Their Role in the Continuum of Conflict,
University of Alberta, 2003, [viii], 278 leaves ; 29 cm; A thesis
submitted to the Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research in
partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master
of Laws, Faculty of Law, Edmonton, Alberta, Fall, 2003. Thesis
(LL.M)--University of Alberta, 2003; advisor: G. Gall;
Changes in global security issues have resulted in increasing amounts of intrastate conflict. Alleviating the human suffering which these
conflicts bring requires quick reaction which the United Nations preventive process has not been able to meet. A review of the record of
various UN peacekeeping and regional rapid reaction forces indicates that not only have these alternatives not relieved human suffering,
but that these forces have negatively contributed to the conflict they are meant to resolve. This thesis argues that there are no stated legal
impediments to the introduction of Private Military Companies into the continuum of conflict. The thesis also looks at a number of issues
related to the UN Secretary-General and his ability to interpret his role and concludes that the Secretary-General of the UN has sufficient
authority to outsource the immediate reaction to conflict and hire Private Military Companies.
(source: http://sunzi.lib.hku.hk/ER/detail/hkul/3076435, accessed 18 August 2016)
Image source: https://ca.linkedin.com/pub/ian-mingo/45/860/942, accessed on 1 December 2014
MINGO, Ian, "Law Clerk, Office of the Legal Advisor to the
Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces, January
2013--April 2013 (4 months), Ottawa", available at https://ca.linkedin.com/pub/ian-mingo/45/860/942,
accessed on 1 December 2014;
– (4 months) Ottawa
Provided administrative support to the Director of Claims and Civil Litigation,
Counsel and paralegals: coordinated meetings, prepared briefing binders for the Minister and senior officials
on the status of litigation cases, coordinated travel arrangements, prepared travel claims and filed litigation documents;
Scanned, uploaded and retrieved legal documents into iCase for counsel and paralegals;
Managed the process for ministerial correspondence, access to Information and privacy requests;
Secured approvals to release funds for litigation cases and mailed payments;
Delivered documents to the Minister of National Defence and Deputy Minister for signature;
Responded to inquires on behalf of the Director of Claims and Civil Litigation;
Liaised with government departments and litigators on civil litigation files;
Ran reports for the Director using iCase (Time compliance, Contingent Liability, Legal Risk, Open cases)
Managed project timelines and resources with Microsoft Project;
Drafted Standard Operating Procedures for the unit
MINISTÈRE DE LA DÉFENSE NATIONALE, "Le choix d'être jugé par procès sommaire ou devant une cour martiale : guide à l'intention des accusés et des officiers désignés pour les aider", Ottawa: Ministère de la défense nationale, 1997, document cité par Paul Cormier, dans "La Justice militaire canadienne: le procès sommaire est-il conforme à l'article 11(d) de la Charte canadienne des droits et libertés?", (2000) 45 McGill Law Journal 209-262 à la p. 215, note 21;
MINISTÈRE DE LA DÉFENSE NATIONALE, Communiqué de presse, "Rapport du JAG [Brigadier-général Jerry Pitzul] sur les premiers mois de la réforme du système judiciaire", 30 ami 2000; disponible à http://cnrp.ccnmatthews.com/news/releases/show.jsp?action=showRelease&actionFor=346883&searchText=false&showText=all (vérifié le 10 juin 2013); note: "Communiqué de presse transmis par le fil de presse CCN -- un service D'ITG pour défense nationale";
Source: https://gowlingwlg.com/en/canada/people/jonathan-minnes, accessed 10 August 2016
MINNES, Jonathan, "Law and Justice: Scott v. Canada and the History of the Social Covenant with Veterans Affairs", (2016) 25(1) Canadian Military History 1-32; available at http://scholars.wlu.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1821&context=cmh (accessed 10 August 2016);
___________Wlliam Petrie Graduate Student Library Scholarship Essay Contest Jonathan Minnes, available at https://dspace.library.uvic.ca/bitstream/handle/1828/6826/Minnes_Jonathan_PetrieWinner_2015.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y (accessed 10 August 2016);
Author Amy Minsky, source: http://globalnews.ca/author/amy-minsky/, accessed 14 March 2015
MINSKY, Amy, "Suggesting Charter rights for military puts judge
Advocate General's crosshairs", Global News, 13 March 2015
available at http://globalnews.ca/news/1878846/suggesting-charter-rights-for-military-puts-judge-in-dnds-crosshairs/
(accessed 14 March 2015);
Mireau, image source: https://ca.linkedin.com/pub/shaunna-mireau/3/65b/8,
accessed on 22 January 2015
MIREAU, Shaunna, "Canadian military law", (October-November
2002) 27(2) LawNow
42-43; available at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0OJX/is_2_27/ai_n25039309/
(accessed on 9 March 2012);
MOFINA, Rick, "Ombudsman fires salvo at military police - Evidence 'withheld' from investigations", The Ottawa Citizen, Saturday, June 2, 2001, p. A6;
MOCK, Karen R., "The Somalia Inquiry: What Does It Have to Do with US? Focus on Human Rights" (winter 1996) 30(2) Canadian Social Studies 53-55;
Explores the recent scandal concerning Canadian paratroopers' conduct during the United Nations relief and peacekeeping efforts.
Three soldiers from an elite commando unit tortured and murdered an unarmed Somali teenager. Government investigation of this
incident has focused on racist ideology, socialization of recruits, and chain-of-command responsibility. (MJP)
&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=no&accno=EJ525298, accessed on 6 December 2011]
Source: http://www.lookoutnewspaper.com/issues/58/2013-05-21-20.pdf, accessed 16 August 2016
MONK, Carl, "100 yrs of military laws", in CFB Esquimalt Navy News on
(accessed on 13 March 2012);
This thesis focuses on the Merchant Navy’s redress campaign and appraises
shifting government attitudes towards the mariners in veterans’ legislation. It traces the
wartime experience of the mariners and discusses their postwar treatment. By examining
the factors that contributed to the mariners’ initial exclusion as veterans, this study sheds
light on the complex process whereby the state evaluates and then reassesses what is
owed to those who serve. It demonstrates that concepts of “veteranhood” are fluid, and,
that in the case of the Merchant Navy, once neglected wartime narratives can be
reincorporated into the nation’s military past. In the case of the Merchant Navy, renewed
public engagement with Canada’s social memory of its involvement in two world wars
helped the merchant seamen find an audience willing to validate their claims. This study
of Merchant Navy redress serves as an exploration into the nature of the state- veteran
MORCHAIN, Major G., "L'appui aux pouvoirs civils"
(février-mars 1971) 7(2) Sentinelle 1-14; this
article should also be available in English; note Sentinel:
magazine of the Canadian Forces (in English) or Sentinelle:
revue des Forces canadiennes (French) was a periodical
magazine of the Canadian Forces published under the authority of
the Chief of the Defence Staff; periodical existed 1965-1994, see
André Morel, image source: http://www.mcgill.ca/reporter/36/17/convocation/honorary/, accessed on 21 April 2014
MOREL, André, "Les garanties en matière de procédure et de peines
(alinéas 11b), f), articles 12 et 14)", in Gérald-A.
Beaudoin and Errol Mendes, eds., The Canadian Charter of
Rights and Freedoms, 3rd ed., Scarborough (Ontario),
Carswell (Thomson Professional Publishing), 1996, pp. 12-1 to
12-64; see in particular pp. 12-23 to 12-26 for Professor Morel's
discussion and interpretation of s. 11(f) of the Charter,
ISBN: 045956014X (bound) and 04595604171 (pbk.);
aussi disponible dans: sous la direction de Gérald Beaudoin et Errol P. Mendes, Charte canadienne des droits et libertés, 3e éd., Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, c1996, xxv, 1192 p., ISBN 2891273494;
Source de l'image: friends-amis.org/index.php/fr/evenements/235-french/publications/flambeau1/flambeau-aout-2016/822-benevole-de-l-annee-des-amcg-2015-2016-jean-morin, visité 27 novembre 2016
Jean Morin, à droite, reçoit le prix de bénévole de l'année
2015-2016 des Amis du Musée canadien de la guerre, de Linda
Colwell et Stephen Quick
MORIN, Jean, « La discipline militaire un impératif. Partie 1 : Le
rôle des forces armées. Partie 2 : L’interaction entre les forces
armées et le gouvernement civil. Partie 3 : L’importance de la
subordination au pouvoir politique. Partie 4 : Les valeurs. Partie
5 : La loyauté », (1997), La Citadelle, vol.33 n°2 (avril)
; n°3 (juin); titre noté dans mes recherches; article pas encore
lu; article cité à https://unites.uqam.ca/chf/conf163.htm (visité 27 novembre 2016);
Colonel (retired) René Morin
MORIN, René, DND Dependants' Schools 1921-1983, Ottawa: Directorate of History, National Defence Headquarters, 1986, xiv, 170 p., plus annexes; available at http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/docs/dependants_e.pdf (accessed 23 October 2016);
Image source: Rev. Capt. Victor Morris, video at gracecamrose.ca/worship/sermon/sermon-2016-04-24/ (accessed 14 April 2017)
accessed 14 April 2017
Rev. Vic Morris
MORRIS. Victor (Vic) E., "Conscience and the Canadian Armed Forces" (Spring 2017) 17(2) Canadian Military Journal 15-25; available at http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/Vol17/no2/page15-eng.asp and http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/Vol17/no2/PDF/CMJ172Ep15.pdf (accessed 14 April 2017);
MORTON, Desmond, 1937-, "Aid to the Civil Power: The
Canadian Militia in Support of Social Order, 1867-1914",
(December 1970) 51(4) Canadian Historical Review 407-425;
___________ Une histoire militaire du Canada: des origines à 1990, version française dirigée par Serge Bernier, Sillery (Québec): Éditions du Septentrion, 1992, 414 p., ISBN: 2921114704; traduction de A Military History of Canada;
___________ Histoire militaire du Canada, nouvelle édition rev. et
aug., Outremont (Québec): Athéna, 2009, 375 p., (Collection;
Histoire militaire), ISBN: 2921114704;
___________A Military History of Canada, 5th ed., Toronto
: M&S (McClelland & Stewart), 2007, xiii, 369 p.,  p.,
bibliographical references at pp. 319-338, ISBN: 9780771064814;
___________Ministers and Generals. Politics and the Canadian Militia, 1868-1904, University of Toronto Press, 1970;
___________" 'No More Disagreeable or Onerous Duty': Canadians
and Military Aid of the Civil Power, Past, Present,
Future", in David B. Dewitt, 1948-, and David Leyton-Brown,
eds., Canada's International Security Policy, Scarborough
(Ontario): Prentice Hall Canada, 1995, viii, 504 p., at pp.
129-152, ISBN: 0133115496; very important contribution to the subject;
___________"The Supreme Penalty: Canadian Deaths by Firing Squad
in the First World War", (1972) 79 Queen's
___________Understanding Canadian Defence, Toronto: Penguin Canada, 2003, xiii, 234 p., ISBN: 0141008059; note: "A Penguin/McGill Institute Book"; copy at Ottawa University, FC 226 .M69 2003;
MOWAT, H.M., "The Law and the Soldier", (1898) 18 The Canadian Law Times at pp. 97-107 (posted on 18 January 2012); notes: "Extracts from a paper delivered before the Canadian Military Institute, Toronto", p. 97;
Image source: https://www.linkedin.com/in/hannah-mullen-0b20b168, accessed 2 April 2016
MULLEN, Hannah M., Shifting Scales of Justice: Military Justice Reform in the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States, Thesis (A.B., Honors in Government)--Harvard University, 2015, 138 p., 29 cm, Notes: Thomas T. Hoopes Prize--Harvard University, 2015; noted in Harvard Hollis catalogue; Adviser: Prof. Cheryl Welch;
Image source: http://www.unb.ca/fredericton/arts/centres/mmfc/, accessed 18 August 2016
MURIEL McQUEEN FERGUSON CENTRE FOR FAMILY VIOLENCE and Resolve
Violence and Abuse Reserach Centre, Report on the Canadian
Forces Response to Woman Abuse in Military Families [electronic resource] / prepared by
the Family Violence and the Military Community research
teams of the Muriel McQueen Fergusson Centre for Family Violence
Research at the University of New Brunswick and the
RESOLVE Violence and Abuse Research Centre at the University of
Manitoba Canadian forces' response to woman abuse in
military families [electronic resource] Family
violence and the military community [electronic resource],
Fredericton, N.B. : Muriel McQueen Fergusson Centre for
Family Violence Research, 2000, available at http://web.archive.org/web/20050503130958/http://www.unbf.ca/arts/CFVR/military.html
(accessed on 2 August 2008); also available at http://www.unb.ca/fredericton/arts/centres/mmfc/_resources/pdfs/familyviolmilitaryreport.pdf(accessed 7 October 2016);
MURPHY, Brian, "Military law course is a unique offering for non-military students", (19 August 2005) 25(14) The Lawyers Weekly 12; available at http://www.lawyersweekly.ca/index.php?section=article&articleid=138 (accessed on 15 July 2008); law course, University of Alberta, Alberta Law School; Mr. Brian Murphy is an ex JAG officer; available at http://www.lawyersweekly.ca/articles/138 (accessed 15 August 2016);
MURPHY, Lindsay, DND/CF LA and Bob Smith, Assoc DGPFSS, "Everything you wanted to know about NPP...but were afraid to ask An NPP Primer", Base and Wing Commanders and Chief Warrant Officers Conference, 27 April 2010, 22 slides, available at http://slideplayer.com/slide/6385877/ (accessed 21 December 2015);
MURPHY, Ray, "A Comparative Analysis of the Municipal Legal Basis for Canadian and Irish Participation in United Nations Forces", (1999) 38 Military Law and Law War Review 163;
___________"International humanitarian law training for multinational peace support operations -- lessons from experience", 31-12-2000 Article, International Review of the Red Cross, No. 840, available at http://www.icrc.org/eng/resources/documents/misc/57jqtg.htm (accessed on 21 December 2011);
Image source: http://whitakerinstitute.ie/person/raymond-murphy/, accessed 26 May 2017
Prof Ray Murphy
___________"Legal Framework of UN Forces and Issues of Command and
Control of Canadian and Irish Forces", (1999) 4(1) Journal of Conflict and Security Law
Image source: http://www.amazon.ca
___________UN Peacekeeping in Lebanon, Somalia and Kosovo: operational and legal issues in practice, Cambridge University Press, 2007, xv, 375 p.;
___________"United Nations Peacekeeping in Lebanon and Somalia,
and the Use of Force", (2003) 8(1) Journal of Conflict and
Security Law 71-99;
The article analyzes the use of force in traditional peacekeeping operations, and second‐generation peace enforcement operations.
It examines two operations in particular, UNIFIL in south Lebanon, and the UN operations in Somalia. Although both missions had
different purposes, it is surprising how the interpretation of the rules of engagement (ROE) and the right to resort to force in self‐defence
were dependent on subjective variables. In the case of Somalia, once the operation was approved under chapter VII, this had a significant
impact on how commanders viewed their role. In the case of UNIFIL, early confrontation with armed groups set a precedent that to a large
extent determined the nature and extent of force used by the peacekeeping force thereafter. However, in the case of both operations, the
actual wording of the relevant Security Council resolutions was remarkably vague. This in turn influenced the application of the ROE,
which by their very nature lent themselves to either restrictive or expansive interpretations. The publication of the Brahimi Report, and
the report on events that led to the fall of Srebrenica, have questioned the traditional response of UN forces to the use of force and advocated
the formulation of a more robust doctrine. The experience of UN forces in Somalia and Lebanon shows that the non‐use of force except
in self‐defence principle has proved controversial and difficult to apply in practice, not least because of its correlation to the other
characteristics, especially the need to maintain impartiality.
(source: http://jcsl.oxfordjournals.org/content/8/1/71.abstract?sid=be9f35b0-fed1-4131-80ea-5f98241d5e5e, accessed 2 February 2015)
MURPHY, REX, CBC commentator, "Operation Snatch Niggers Pt. 1", You Tube, available at http://player.mashpedia.com/player.php?ref=mashpedia&q=R4od_5pXmbg (accessed on 28 August 2016); on the Airborne Regiment (Somalia Affair);
NADEAU, Phyllis, "The Court Martial Case", (2004) 1 Les actualités JAG Newsletter 24-25;
NADEAU, Phyllis, "Procédure de la cour martiale", (2004) 1 Les actualités JAG Newsletter 25-26;
Image source: http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2016/03/ugandas-military-courts.html, accessed 25 September 2016
NALUWAIRO, Ronald, "Military courts and human rights: A critical
analysis of the compliance of Uganda's military justice with the
right to an independent and impartial tribunal", (2012) 12 African
Human Rights Law Journal 448-469; deals with Canadian law;
available at http://www.ahrlj.up.ac.za/images/ahrlj/2012/ahrlj_vol12_no2_2012_ronald_naluwairo.pdf
(accessed 25 May 2015);
NATHANSON CENTRE ON TRANSITIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS, CRIME AND SECURITY, Special Forum on the Canadian Mission in Afghanistan (February 2010), "Archive of video webcasts and transcripts of testimony before the Special Committee", available at http://nathanson.osgoode.yorku.ca/programs/conferences-workshops/2009-2010/special-forum-on-canadian-mission-afghanistan/archive-of-video-webcasts-transcripts-of-testimony-before-special-committee/ (accessed 2 April 2017);
NATIONAL DEFENCE, Canadian Forces 101 for Civilians, 163 p.; available at https://www.familyforce.ca/sites/London/EN/Documents/CF-101%20for%20Civilians%20EN.pdf (accessed 25 September 2016);
NATIONAL DEFENCE AND BOARD OF INQUIRY, "Board of Inquiry – Allegation of assault of a civilian by Afghan National Security Forces and the Canadian Forces response to such incidents (Redacted)", available at http://forces.gc.ca/en/about-reports-pubs-boards-inquiry/ptsd-exec-summary.page (accessed 13 April 2016);
NATIONAL DEFENCE AND CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, Elizabeth Rolland-Harris, Elizabeth Cyr, Mark A. Zamorski, 2016 Report on Suicide Mortality in the Canadian Armed Forces (1995 to 2015), [Ottawa]: Surgeon General Report, Surgeon General Health Research Program, Surgeon General Document Number (SGR-2016-005), November 2016, 42 pages, complete document?, available at http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/about-reports-pubs-health/report-on-suicide-mortality-caf-2016.page#references and http://www.forces.gc.ca/assets/FORCES_Internet/docs/en/about-reports-pubs-health/report-suicide-mortality-caf-2016.pdf (accessed 25 November 2016);
NATIONAL DEFENCE AND CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, "Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II Meets with Judge Advocate General", Image Gallery, Article/ June 9, 2015; available at http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/news/article.page?doc=her-majesty-queen-elizabeth-ii-meets-with-judge-advocate-general/iaiiotep (accessed on 25 October 2015); also published in French/aussi publié en français à http://www.forces.gc.ca/fr/nouvelles/article.page?doc=sa-majeste-la-reine-elizabeth-ii-rencontre-le-juge-avocat-general/iaiiotep;
Major-General Blaise Cathcart, Judge Advocate General of the Canadian Armed Forces, on June 5th, 2015, was granted the Canadian
Forces Legal Branch’s first audience with Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, who serves as their Colonel-in-Chief. Major-General Cathcart,
along with Sir Graham Day, Colonel Commandant of the Canadian Forces Legal Branch, presented Her Majesty with a Legal Branch
membership coin and a plaque of the Legal Branch Crest, while also updating her on the affairs of the Branch.
Legal Branch coins are presented to Legal Officers upon their qualification, and are consecutively numbered to indicate the order of entry
into the Branch. The coin presented to Her Majesty carried the inscription “Regina,” to indicate her status within the Legal Branch. The coin
contained the Branch motto, “Fiat Justitia”, often translated as “let justice prevail” or “let right be done”. This motto is also a reference to a
ruling made by King Edward VII in 1910, and serves as a link between the Canadian Forces Legal Branch and the Royal Family.
[Here is the LIST of the 306 JAG Officers who have received a JAG coin; list obtained Access to Information Act letter, file A-2016-01294,
dated 7 December 2016]
Le 5 juin 2015, le major-général Blaise Cathcart, juge-avocat général des Forces armées canadiennes, s’est vu accorder la première audience pour
la Branche des services juridiques des Forces canadiennes avec Sa Majesté la reine Elizabeth II, qui est leur colonel en chef. Le major-général Cathcart,
en compagnie de Sir Graham Day, colonel commandant de la Branche des services juridiques des Forces armées canadiennes, a remis à Sa Majesté un
médaillon et une plaque arborant l’insigne de la Branche des services juridiques, et l’a entretenue des affaires courantes de la Branche.
Les médaillons de la Branche des services juridiques sont remis aux avocats militaires une fois qualifiés et admis au sein de la Branche; ils portent un
numéro de série afin d’indiquer l’ordre d’adhésion. Le médaillon remis à Sa Majesté portait l’inscription « Regina » pour indiquer son statut au sein
de la Branche des services juridiques, ainsi que la devise de la Branche, « Fiat Justitia », souvent traduite par « Que justice soit faite ». Cette devise
renvoie également à une décision rendue par le roi Edward VII en 1910 et sert de lien entre la Branche des services juridiques des Forces canadiennes
et la famille royale.
[Voici la LISTE des 306 officiers du JAG qui ont reçus le jeton JAG; cette liste a été obtenue par une demande de la Loi sur l'Accès à l'information,
lettre, dossier A-2016-01294, datée le 7 décembre 2016]
Image source: www.google.ca/, Google image search, accessed 14 March 2017
NATIONAL DEFENCE AND THE CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, "Quebec Region Update - April 2015. LCdr Russel, Guest of Honour Laval University’s Faculty of Law"/"Des nouvelles de la région du Québec - Avril 2015. Le Capc Russel : invité d’honneur de la faculté de droit de l’Université Laval";
On March 17, Lieutenant-Commander Anthony Russel, Deputy Judge Advocate, spoke at a conference organized by the Clinic of International Criminal
and Humanitarian Law at Laval University in Montréal. In the morning, LCdr Russel presented on the CAF Code of Conduct for international operations.
He then joined Julia Grignon, Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Law, to give a course to Masters students on the law of armed conflict, specifically the
CAF’s targeting doctrine. In an interactive fashion, Lt.Col. Russel covered the fundamental principles of targeting, the role of the deployed legal officer,
targeting methods, legitimate objectives and the rules of engagement as well as the fundamental rules of targeting. (source: http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/
news/article.page?doc=quebec-region-update-april-2015/i8oa1nfm, accessed 14 March 2017)
Le Capitaine de corvette Anthony Russel, juge-avocat adjoint Montréal, était présent une conférence-midi organisée par la Clinique de droit international
pénal et humanitaire de l’Université Laval. En cette occasion, le Capc Russel a présenté le code de conduite des FAC dans le cadre d'opérations internationales.
Puis, durant l’après-midi, il s’est joint au cours de Julia Grignon, professeure adjointe à la faculté de droit, pour animer une séance de formation portant sur le
droit des conflits armés: « l'égérie » de la doctrine de ciblage des FAC. De manière interactive, il a énoncé des principes fondamentaux à connaître en matière
de ciblage, a présenté le rôle de l'avocat militaire déployé, a expliqué ce qu'est le ciblage, a parlé des méthodes de ciblage, a défini ce qu'est un objectif légitime,
a abordé les règles d'engagement (ce qu'elles sont, leur rôle dans le ciblage, qui les adopte et les promulgue) et a expliqué les règles fondamentales du ciblage.
(Source: http://www.forces.gc.ca/fr/nouvelles/article.page?doc=des-nouvelles-de-la-region-du-quebec-avril-2015/i8oa1nfm, visité le 14 mars 2017)
NATIONAL DEFENCE AND THE CANADIAN ARMED FORCES (web route : Defence Home to CAF Community to Legal Services), "Legal Services", available at http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/caf-community-legal-services/index.page (accessed 9 June 2016);
Defence counsel services (http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/caf-community-legal-services/defence-counsel-services.page)
Voting & elections (http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/caf-community-legal-services/voting-and-elections.page)
Legislative initiatives (http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/caf-community-legal-services/legislative-initiatives.page)
Service Estates (http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/caf-community-legal-services/service-estates.page)
Prosecution Services (http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/caf-community-legal-services/mil-prosecutions.page)
- Learn about the role of the Judge Advocate General
- Find out about the Canadian Forces Legal Advisor
- Browse reports & publications on military law
- Study legal policies relevant to the military
- Read the message to Canadian Armed Forces electors from Elections Canada
- Study the special voting rules for Canadian Armed Forces electors
- Take a look at the Liaison Officer briefing on special voting rules
- Review the Canadian Forces Deputy Returning Officers briefing
____________(web route: Home to Public Service and military), "Services and benefits for the military", available at https://www.canada.ca/en/government/publicservice/benefitsmilitary/index.html (accessed 9 June 2016);
Services and Information
Support and health services (http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/caf-community-support-services/index.page)
Housing services (http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/caf-community-support-services-housing/index.page)
Conflict, misconduct and harassment resolution (http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/caf-community-dispute-resolution-centres/index.page)
Voting and elections (http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/caf-community-legal-services/voting-and-elections.page)
Defence ethics (http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/about/defence-ethics.page)
Pay, pension and benefits (http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/caf-community-benefits/index.page)
Education and training (http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/education-training.page)
Legal services (http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/caf-community-legal-services/index.page)
- Pay rates for CAF members
- Pay statement inserts
- FAQs on pay increases
- Leave policy manual
- Join the Canadian Armed Forces Health and Wellness Challenge
- Medical coverage, eligibility & access to health care
- Read a member's story-The Mental Health Iceberg
- Military housing locations and styles
- Apply for military housing
What we are doing
Laws and Regulations
- National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces policies and standards
- Military Law
- Leave Policy Manual
- National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces reports and publications
- 2015 Report on Suicide Mortality in the Canadian Armed Forces (1995 to 2014)
___________"Board of Inquiry into Command, Control, and Leadership of Combat [in Bosnia]", Backgrounder / January 19, 1997 / Project number: BG-97-009, available at http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/news/article.page?doc=board-of-inquiry-into-command-control-and-leadership-of-canbat-2/hnlhlx39 (accessed 14 December 2016); research note: see the "The Thomas Report", Backgrounder / January 17, 1997 / Project number: BG-97.006, availabhle at http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/news/article.page?doc=the-thomas-report/hnlhlx2z (accessed 14 December 2016);
Daniel Ménard, à gauche, avec son avocat Me Jean Asselin
NATIONAL POST STAFF, "Canada’s former top soldier in Afghanistan Daniel Ménard now locked in Kabul jail over alleged gun smuggling", 30 January 2014, available at http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/canadas-former-top-soldier-in-afghanistan-daniel-menard-now-locked-in-kabul-jail-over-alleged-gun-smuggling (accessed 13 January 2017);
NATIONS-UNIES, Manuel du quartier-général des la force des Nations Unies, novembre 2014, iv, 106 p.; disponible à http://dag.un.org/bitstream/handle/11176/89596/United%20Nations%20FHQ%20Handbook%20French%20version.pdf?sequence=4&isAllowed=y (accessed 9 August 2016);
Photo of Peter R. Partner, source of photo: McDonald, R. Arthur, Canada's Military Lawyers, supra, at p. 144.
NAUTICAPEDIA, THE, Notes on Peter Richard Partner, available at (accesed on 31 May 2012);
NAUMETZ, Tim, "Drapeau, Létourneau push to update military justice, say military members deprived of Charter freedoms", The Hill Times on Line, Tuesday, 29 November 2011, available at http://www.hilltimes.com/news/politics/2011/10/21/drapeau-l%C3%A9tourneau-push-to-update-military-justice-say-military-members/28536 (accessed on 29 November 2011);
___________"Feds should've consulted international law experts before invoking UN Charter's article 51 against ISIL in Syria, says critics", The Hill Times on Line, Tuesday, 26 March 2015, available at http://www.hilltimes.com/news/2015/03/26/feds-shouldve-consulted-international-law-experts-before-invoking-un-charters-article-51/41539 (accessed on 29 November 2011);
The government’s top military lawyer, whose advice Defence Minister Jason Kenney cited to argue unilateral Canadian air strikes against Islamic
State militants in Syria would be legal, has served a three-year stint as legal adviser for Canada’s top-secret JTF2 commando unit and provided the
legal advice for 13 counter-terrorism and special operations missions, his Canadian Armed Forces biography states.
But despite Mr. Cathcart’s top-echelon role in military strategy and operations—as well as his position as the chief legal adviser on military law for
Governor General David Johnston, Mr. Kenney (Calgary Southeast, Alta.) and the Department of National Defence—experts on international law
question the government’s apparent decision to depend exclusively on Mr. Cathcart’s legal counsel. They say the government should also perhaps
obtain advice from international law experts at the Department of Justice and Foreign Affairs to make a decision that includes major risks and,
considering Canada’s fractional contribution to the air war against ISIL, will not significantly increase the country’s impact in the war against the
so-called Islamic State.
NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION, web site, http://www.nato.int/, accessed
on 11 June 2014;
___________"Careers at NATO--Legal", available at http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/102570.htm (accessed 4 December 2016);
The current 58 NATO legal offices located in 22 nations are staffed with civilian and military lawyers who provide advice on a large number of topics that require legal expertise.
Depending on the mission of the organisation they support, NATO legal advisors may work on actions involving public international law, private international law, administrative
law, intellectual property rights, the law of armed conflict and military operations, legal relations with host nations, personnel, cyber defence, air and space, maritime, contracting,
and procurement law.
____________Allied Command Operations, "Criminal Investigation
Division realizes the need for female lawyers", 13 June 2012,
available at http://aco.nato.int/criminal-investigation-division-realizes-the-need-for-female-lawyers.aspx#prettyPhoto
(accessed on 13 February 2015); also available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:DSC_0738_(7350963708).jpg (accessed 8 June 2017);
NDP, NDP Press Releases, "New Democrats call for modernization at
the Department of National Defence", 18 February 2010, available
(accessed on 18 March 2012);
The creation of the position of Inspector General was one of
the recommendations of the Somalia Commission of Inquiry and has
identified by some as a possible solution to the Afghan detainee issue.
“The appointment of a civilian Judge Advocate General would be
a first in Canadian history, although Britain and Australia have
this for some time,” said Dewar. “Questions have been raised about the legal advice given on the detainee issue. Drawing on experience
from beyond the military and outside the chain of command would increase confidence on the part of members of the military and Canadians.”
NPD, NPD Communiqués, "Plaidoyer du NPD en faveur de la modernisation du Ministère de la défense", 18 février 2010, disponible à http://www.npd.ca/article/plaidoyer-npd-faveur-modernisation-minist-re-d-fense (visité le 18 mars 2012);
La création du poste d’inspecteur général était une des
recommandations contenues dans le Rapport de la Commission
d’enquête sur la
Somalie et a aussi été identifié comme une des pistes de solutions possible dans le dossier du transfert des détenus afghans.
« La nomination d’un Juge-avocat général civil serait une
première dans l’histoire canadienne mais pas une première dans
possédant un régime parlementaire britannique », a pour sa part confirmé Paul Dewar. « Des questions ont été soulevées concernant
les avis légaux présentés par le Juge-avocat général dans l’affaire des détenus afghans. En faisant appel à lune expertise légale située
à l’extérieur de la chaîne de commandement militaire permettrait d’accroître la confiance de tous envers l’institution militaire.
Near, image source: https://ca.linkedin.com/pub/robert-bob-near/44/656/393,
accessed 22 January 2015
NEAR, Major Robert, “Driving the Message: An analysis of the MND and Somalia Commission Reports” in LCol Bernd Horn, ed., Contemporary Issues in Officership: A Canadian Perspective,
Toronto: Canadian Institute of Strategic Studies, Toronto, 2000, x, 267 p., ISBN: 0919769950; also published in Ottawa: OPDP 2020, Department of National Defence, 1999, 20 p. (series ; OPD research paper; no 01)
NELSON, Fiona, "The Canadian Forces Grievance Board: a
transparent, fair and efficient grievance process for the men and
women who serve in the Canadian Forces" (December/Décembre 2006) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire;
available at http://web.archive.org/web/20070515000335/www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters/mil-2006/news.aspx (accessed
on 24 April 2012);
NELSON, Fiona, "Résumé: Le Comité des griefs des Forces canadiennes: une procédure de grief transparente, équitable et efficace pour les hommes et les femmes qui servent dans les Forces canadiennes " (December/Décembre 2006) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire ; disponible à http://web.archive.org/web/20070518052202/http://www.cba.org/abc/nouvelles/mil-2006/nouvelles.aspx#article1 (site visité le 24 avril 2012);
Image source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monarchist_League_of_Canada, accessed 27 August 2016
"News from the Canadian Forces: Queen is first Colonel-in-Chief
of the Canadian Armed Forces' Legal Branch", Canadian
Monarchist News -- Autumn 2013 at p. 5; available at http://www.monarchist.ca/sites/default/files/documents/2013/1/269.pdf
(accessed 24 July 2015);
---Image source: http://floraweb.nfb.ca/ww2/critical-perspectives/the-rights-and-wrongs-of-war.htm?pext=1&view=699252&subtype=extraits, accessed 8 October 2016
NFB STREAMING VIDEO -- YORK UNIVERSITY, NATIONAL FILM BOARD OF CANADA, Open Secrets, Montreal: National Film Board of Canada, 2003, 1 streaming video file (52 min.) : digital, stereo, sd., col.; Note: Produced by the National Film Board of Canada in association with CBC News and Vision TV.; Quebec Centre;
This provocative documentary uncovers a lost chapter in Canadian military history: how the Armed Forces dealt with homosexual
behaviour among soldiers, during and after World War II. A group of veterans break their silence after more than 60 years. We hear
from five men, barely adults when they enlisted. From the sexual timidity of the 1930s, when homosexual behaviour 'was even more
unmentionable than cancer,' spring these stories of sexual awakening amidst the brutality of war. Soldiers and officers who depended
upon one another for survival accepted each other's differences. Initially, the Army overlooked homosexual activity, but as the war
advanced, they began to crack down: military tribunals, threats of imprisonment, discharge and public exposure. After the war, officers
accused of homosexuality were discharged. Back home in Canada, reputations and careers were ruined. For the young men who had
served their country with valour, this final chapter was often too much to bear. Interviews are skilfully woven with archival footage
and rare photographs. Open Secrets is based on the Paul Jackson book, Courting Homosexuals in the Military. Open Secrets was
produced as part of the Reel Diversity Competition for emerging filmmakers of colour. Reel Diversity is a National Film Board of
Canada initiative in partnership with CBC Newsworld.
(source: https://www.library.yorku.ca/find/Record/2592424, accessed on 22 December 2014)
Image source: http://www.princegeorgecitizen.com/news/author-bios, accessed 8 October 2016
NIELSEN, Mark, "New judge comes from military background", The Prince George Citizen, 18 February 2012; available at http://www.princegeorgecitizen.com/article/20120218/PRINCEGEORGE0101/302189991/-1/princegeorge/ (accessed on 9 March 2012); about the appointment of Randall Callan as a judge;
NOEL, Steve D., Canadian forces use of private security in Afghanistan: a consequence of national decisions, Command and General Staff College (CGSC), School of Advanced Military Studies (SAMS), 2013, available at http://cgsc.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/singleitem/collection/p4013coll3/id/3126/rec/8, accessed on 2 February 2014;
NOLAN, Brian, "Dishonoured legacy (Somalia incident)", (1
July 1997) Esprit de Corps;
title noted in my research but document not consulted yet (21
It is difficult to know whether the Canadian Forces are capable, or willing, to take the Somalia Inquiry's recommendations as a blueprint to
begin rebuilding the once proud institutions that are the army, navy and air force. Given the open contempt that some members of the
Canadian Forces showed the Inquiry Commissioners and the concerted effort they made to delay handing over evidence, the prospects
of genuine reform seem slight. Even more suspect are the intentions of the Liberal government. The depth of cynicism the Liberals
demonstrated in dealing with the Inquiry and the public's right-to-know does not suggest a favourable finale to this shameful episode.
While editorial outrage swept across the nation in wake of the government's decision to close down the Inquiry before the Commissioners
could complete their mandate, Jean Chretien's backroom boys had correctly judged that Somalia was not going to become an election issue. …
(Source: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-30178024.html, accessed on 22 January 2015)
NOONE, Michael F., "Summary Trial: Does the U.S. Experience offer any lessons for Canada?", in Office of the Judge Advocate General, Summary Trial Working Group, Summary Trial Working Group Report, Ottawa, 2 March 1994, 2 volumes, at volume 2, Appendix D, 27 p.; available at Annex A to D; François Lareau obtained a copy of these two volumes in two pdf files with Department of National Defence, Acess to Information and Privacy's letter dated 28 June 2012, file A-2012-00340 to François Lareau;
Image source: https://twitter.com/kimnossal, accessed 20 October 2015
NUMA, Jean, "Justice militaire: un Repentignois forme l'armée du Congo", Hebdo Rive Nord . com, publié le 27 février 2010; article sur l'avocat militaire Mario Denis Paillé; disponible à http://www.hebdorivenord.com/Societe/Monde/2010-02-27/article-1080076/Justice-militaire-%3A-un-Repentignois-forme-l%26rsquo%3Barmee-du-Congo/1 (vérifié le 16 janvier 2012);
Need I remind anyone that, in the records alteration incidents at DND, senior officers including officials of the Judge Advocate
General’s office were informed that orders had been given to destroy records, yet no remedial action was taken by them. Only
after a whistle-blower went to a member of the media, who--in turn--came to the Information Commissioner’s office, was action
taken to inquire into the matter.
Over the course of Canada’s mission to Afghanistan, CAF
Legal Officers were deployed into that Theatre of Operations
on more than 100 occasions for tours of up to one year. These
numbers represent a significant proportion of the Office of
the Judge Advocate General, which is only formed of 160 Regular
Force Legal Officers and 55 Reservists. The Legal Office’s
commitment to the Afghanistan mission is even more
impressive when its concurrent contribution to other activities
is considered. From 2002 to 2013, up to 25% of the JAG Office’s
effective strength was deployed on international operations and
operational training exercises in any given year.In Afghanistan, legal advice was provided in several distinct
contexts. This included strategic advice to the Government of
Afghanistan, operational law advice to both conventional
military operations and special operations at the battle
group and unit levels, administrative law and military justice
advice to Provincial Reconstruction Teams, and mentoring
advice and training to those members of the Afghan justice
and law enforcement community tasked with being the boots
on the ground in the struggle to establish the rule of law in
Support for the mission in Afghanistan was also provided
by those Legal Officers based in Ottawa working from dedicated
groups within the Office of the Judge Advocate General who
assisted their colleagues in Afghanistan when particularly
specialized questions required detailed analysis by these subject
....With the continuing growth in the complexity of legal issues
arising from military operations, it is likely that the demand
for legal advice and services from Canada’s military lawyers
OFFICE OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL, Defence Counsel Study Team,
Provision of Defence Counsel Services in the Canadian Forces:
Report of the Defence Study Team, Ottawa, Office of the
Judge Advocate General, 1997; not consulted yet, referred to by
McNairn, "The Canadian Forces' Criminal Law Firm: A Blueprint for
Independence", Part I, infra, p. 245; also referred
to by McDonald, R. Arthur, Canada's
Military Lawyers, infra,
at p. 165:
OFFICE OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL, Military Justice
Handbook, [Ottawa?]: [Office of the Judge Advocate General],
1992?-?; [note the title might be instead: Courts Martial
Index of Canadian Forces or A Handbook for Military
Prosecutors] ; Research Note by François Lareau: I
consulted a copy of this document in the Acess to Information and
Privacy reading room at NDHQ, Ottawa on 24 April 1998; only part
of this publication was available but the index indicated that it
contained: - several indexes to courts martial by key word,
title and subjects (e.g.: defences, evidence, motions, pleas in
bar of trial; certain statutes; QR&Os, CFAOs); - indexes
to court martial appeals, e.g.: by topics, statutes, offences;
also a table of cases (alphabetical list and chronological list);
- prosecution practice notes and court martial opinions;
en anglais seulement; Note de recherche par François Lareau: J'ai consulté une copie de ce document dans la salle de lecture de l'Accès à l'information et protection des renseignements personnels, QGDF, Ottawa, le 24 avril 1998; seulement une partie de ce document était disponible mais l'index indiquait le contenu: - plusieurs index sur les cours martiales par mots-clés; titres et matières (par ex.: les moyens de défense; preuve, les requêtes, fins de non-recevoir, certaines lois, les ORFC, les OAFC); - des index pour la Cour d'appel des cours martiales du Canada, ex.: sujets, lois, infractions et aussi une table des arrêts (alphabétique et chronologique); - des notes de pratique pouite des opinions concernant les cours martiales;
OFFICE OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL, Military Justice Materials: Sexual Offences and Sexual Harassment, online: DIN <http://jag.dwan.dnd.ca/training/publications/default_e.asp#SEXUALH>, as mentioned in Manual Administrative Law, 2008 at p. 23-5;
OFFICE OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL, Military Rules of Evidence, Ottawa: Judge Advocate General Library, 2000?; copy at the JAG Library, Ottawa, call number KF 7628 M55; noted from (2000) 2 JAG Newsletter at p. 72; summary: "A collection of documents tracing the origin and development of the Military Rules of Evidence 1951-1990";
OFFICE OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL, a multitude of
publications at the JAG
CABINET DU JUGE-AVOCAT GÉNÉRAL, une multitude de publications au site web du JAG
OFFICE OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL, "Report on the discipline
survey: the development of a training and education strategy",
Ottawa: Office of the Judge Advocate General, May 1998, 55 p.;
obtained by François Lareau, Access to Information Act
Request, file A-2015-00565, 19 June 2015;
pp. 1-55; important document;
OFFICE OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL, Service Estates & Elections, online: DIN DIN <http://jag.dwan.dnd.ca/estates_and_elections/default_e.asp>, mentioned in Manual Administrative Law, 2008 at p. 11-7;
OFFICE OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL, Summary Trial Working Group, Summary Trial Working Group Report, Ottawa, 2 March 1994, 2 volumes; François Lareau obtained a copy of these two volumes in two pdf files with Department of National Defence, Acess to Information and Privacy's letter dated 28 June 2012, file A-2012-00340 to François Lareau;
The Office of the DND/CF LA provides legal services on issues relating to:
Le Cabinet de la CJ MND/FC fournit des services juridiques se rapportant :
Description: For [Everett Boyle], who had spent much of his career disciplining enlisted soldiers, the grievance--if borne out by an investigation--could have
resulted in three charges against [Gary George]: conduct unbecoming an officer, abuse of authority and fraternization with a subordinate. But Boyle's rank did
not give him the authority to investigate officers. He took the grievance to base commander Col. Edward Jackson, who in turn passed it up the chain of command
to Maj.-Gen. Dave O'Blenis. (source: © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved, http://primo-pmtna01.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do
accessed 8 July 2016)
In a small ceremony in the courtroom located in the AJAG office, two naval lawyers were sworn into the practise of law in
Lt(N) Carl Monk and Lt(N) Mike Baker, who both attended law school under the Military Law Training
Plan, have passed their bar exams and finished their period as articled students. They took an oath and were sworn in as lawyers
on May 14, and are now legal officers within the Office of the JAG.
One of the most prominent debates over minority participation in the military has been whether or not inclusive policies would undermine operational effectiveness.
While the adoption of inclusive policy has tended to indicate that minority participation does not compromise effectiveness, the question has not yet been tested in
the context of transgender military service. In this paper, we conduct the first-ever assessment of whether policies that allow transgender troops to serve openly have
undermined effectiveness, and we ask this question in the context of the Canadian Forces (CF), which lifted its transgender ban in 1992 and then adopted more
explicitly inclusive policy in 2010 and 2012. Although transgender military service in Canada poses a particularly hard test for the proposition that minority inclusion
does not undermine organizational performance, our finding is that despite ongoing prejudice and incomplete policy formulation and implementation, allowing
transgender personnel to serve openly has not harmed the CF’s effectiveness. (source: http://afs.sagepub.com/content/41/2/243.abstract#aff-2, accessed 13 November 2015)
What motivated you to write this particular book? [Fighting the Legal Boundaries]
For a significant period following the 9/11 attacks until 2010, while serving first as the Deputy Judge Advocate General/Operations and
then as the Judge Advocate General, I was responsible for the provision of operational law advice regarding Canada’s air, sea, land and
Special Forces operations both overseas and in Canada. It quickly became evident to me that for the Canadian perspective to be properly
represented on the international stage, and to ensure our military operations were not improperly constrained, it was crucial for the Office
of the Judge Advocate General to engage in the strategic dialogue taking place regarding 21st Century conflict. In this endeavour I was
assisted by a group of very talented military lawyers, including a number of military colleges’ graduates. For me this engagement included
writing academic articles about operational law issues for publication in international law journals, and participation in working groups
with other State legal advisors, human rights advocates and academics. I have had articles published on a variety of subjects such as targeted
killing and proportionality, the interface between law enforcement and armed conflict, and the law applicable to terrorism and complex
security threats. A critique I wrote on the International Committee of the Red Cross’s interpretation of “direct participation in hostilities”
has been widely referred to in academic discussion. This latter concept establishes who qualifies as a lawful target during armed conflict,
and identifies which persons qualify for the protection of civilian status. My book represents post retirement continuation of that effort.
Capt(N) "Bert" Oliver served 28 years in the RCN and the CF, 21 years of which were in the Office of the JAG. His first years of naval service were
in coastal vessels, corvettes, frigates, and destroyers. He came to the Office of the JAG in 1951 and served in NDHQ, Halifax, Vancouver, Esquimalt,
Metz (France), and Edmonton. He attended NDC in Kingston and prior to taking his retirement in 1972 he was the Chief Judge Advocate for the CF.
Upon leaving the CF he assumed a position with the Law Reform Commission of Canada before being appointed a Provincial Court Judge in Calgary.
[He died 12 October 2000].
___________Our Criminal Courts, [Calgary(Alberta): H.G.
Oliver], 1995, ii, 7, 194, [Appendix 1, 11], [Appendix 2, 8]
pages, 28 cm., ISBN: 0969942109; copy at Library and Archives
Canada; copy at the Library of Parliament;
Colonel Olson joined the Canadian Forces in 1980 as a member of 25 Toronto Service Battalion, a Reserve unit. From 1982 to 1984,
he commanded the Military Police Platoon of that unit.
He transferred to the Regular Force in 1984, after graduating from Osgoode Hall Law School and being called to the Ontario Bar.
Colonel Olson served in the JAG Branch first as a member of the Defence Team and then in the Directorate of Law/Legislation,
Regulations and Orders. From 1986 to 1989, he served as Deputy Judge Advocate, Trenton. From 1989 to 1991, he served in the
Directorate of Personnel Legal Services.
In 1992/1993, Colonel Olson received post-graduate training at the University of Ottawa, earning a degree in Legislative Drafting.
In 1993, he served as a member of the UN War Crimes Investigation team in Croatia as a site leader for the excavation of a series of
From 1994 to 1999, Colonel Olson served as Director of the Law/Legislation, Superannuation and Finance directorate at NDHQ.
From 1999 to 2002, he served as Assistant Judge Advocate General in Toronto.
From September 2001 to January 2002, he deployed to Bosnia as legal advisor to SFOR HQ. In the spring of 2002, he was
posted to Ottawa as JAG Special Assistant.
In April 2003, he was promoted to Colonel and appointed to the position of Deputy Judge Advocate General/Human resources.
- A Systemic Review of Compensation Options for Ill and Injured Reservists (http://www.ombudsman.forces.gc.ca/en/ombudsman-reports-stats-investigations-rfc/rfc-toc.page), February 2016;
- The Feasibility of Providing Periodic Health Assessments to All Primary Reservists (http://www.ombudsman.forces.gc.ca/en/ombudsman-reports-stats-investigations-pha/pha-index.page), June 2015;
- An Investigation into the 1974 Valcartier Cadets Grenade Incident (http://www.ombudsman.forces.gc.ca/en/ombudsman-reports-stats-investigations-valcartier/valcartier-index.page), June 2015;
- Boards of Inquiry: Families in Focus (http://www.ombudsman.forces.gc.ca/en/ombudsman-reports-stats-investigations-boi/boards-of-inquiry.page), April 2015;
- Canadian Armed Forces best positioned to determine Public Service priority hiring for releasing members (http://www.ombudsman.forces.gc.ca/en/ombudsman-reports-stats-investigations-priority-hiring/priority-hiring-index.page), January 2015;
- On the Homefront: Assessing the Well-being of Canada's Military Families in the New Millennium (http://www.ombudsman.forces.gc.ca/en/ombudsman-reports-stats-investigations-military-families/military-families-index.page); November 2013;
- Preliminary Assessment: Joint Personnel Support Unit (http://www.ombudsman.forces.gc.ca/en/ombudsman-news-events-media-letters/jpsu-ipsc.page), October 2013;
- An Examination of Canadian Forces Base Cold Lake (4 Wing) (http://www.ombudsman.forces.gc.ca/en/ombudsman-reports-stats-investigations-cold-lake/cold-lake-index.page), July 2013;
- A Report Outlining the Delays in the Processing of Adjudications and Initial Authority Grievances by the Director General Compensation & Benefits (http://www.ombudsman.forces.gc.ca/en/ombudsman-reports-stats-investigations-dgcb/index-dgcb.page), May 2013;
- Reserved Care: A Follow Up into the Treatment of Injured Reservists (http://www.ombudsman.forces.gc.ca/en/ombudsman-reports-stats-investigations-reserved-care-follow-up/index.page), November 2012;
- Fortitude under Fatigue: Assessing the Delivery of Care for Operational Stress Injuries that Canadian Forces Members Need and Deserve (http://www.ombudsman.forces.gc.ca/en/ombudsman-reports-stats-investigations-fortitude/index.page), September 2013;
- The Canadian Forces Grievance Process: Making It Right for Those Who Serve
- A Long Road to Recovery: Battling Operational Stress Injuries
- Assessing the State of Mental Health Services at CFB Petawawa
- Reserved Care: An Investigation into the Treatment of Injured Reservists
- A Sniper's Battle - A Father's Concern
- Heroism Exposed: An Investigation into the Treatment of 1 Combat Engineer Regiment Kuwait Veterans (1991)
- The Canadian Face Behind the Recruiting Targets - A Review of the Canadian Forces Recruiting System: From Attraction to Enrolment
- For the Sake of Fairness: The Case of the Squadron Leader (Retired) Clifton Wenzel
- Overhauling Oversight: Ombudsman White Paper
- Making Things Right: Unfair Treatment by CF Grievance System
- Review of Board of Inquiry Examining Serious Injury
- When a Soldier Falls: Reviewing the Response to MCpl Rick Wheeler's Accidental Death
- From Tents to Sheets: An Analysis of the CF Experience with Third Location Decompression after Deployment
- Broken Promises : Complaints Concerning Meal Allowance For Extended Temporary Duty
- Complaints Concerning Chemical Agent Testing During World War II
- Unfair Deductions From SISIP Payments to Former CF Members
- Workplace Conflict at the Halifax Operational Trauma and Stress Support Centre
- Off the Rails: Crazy Train Float Mocks Operational Stress Injury Sufferers
- Follow-up Report Review of DND/CF Actions on Operational Stress Injuries
- Unfair Demand to Repay Overpayments Made Under the Forces Reduction Program
- Systemic Treatment of CF members with PTSD
- Allegations Against the Canadian Forces
- The Way Forward(January 1999)
Image: www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/pam_archives/public_mikan/index.php?fuseaction=genitem.displayEcopies&lang=eng&rec_nbr=3192926&title=Privy+Council+Chamber+%28Parliament+Buildings%29+&ecopy=a008388, accessed 28 September 2016
Privy Council Chamber, Parliament Buildings after 1886
ORDERS-IN-COUNCIL dealing with matters of aid to the civil power /Décrets concernant l'aide au pouvoir civil:
- P.C. 1993-624 (registered as
Order-in-council number 624 in 1993; 30 March 1993) Canadian
Armed Assistance Directions which set out the procedures for the
provision of armed assistance by the Canadian Armed Forces to
the Royal Canadian Mounted Police in order to deal with
disturbances of the peace affecting the national interest,
effective April 1, 1993, available at http://www.cda.forces.gc.ca/cfmlc-cdmfc/doc/CollectionofDocumentsonDomesticOperations.pdf
309-311 of the publication, Domestic
-- Collection of Documents, B-LG-007-000/AF-001;
accessed on 13 January 2012); FRANÇAIS: .C.P. 1993-624,
30 mars 1993, "Instructions relatives à l'assistance armée fournie
par les forces canadiennes à la Gendarmerie royale du Canada afin
de maitriser des troubles touchant l'intéret national", disponible
(pp. 286-288 de la publication Opérations
-- Recueil de documents, B-LG-007-000/AF-002;
vérification du 28 novembre 2011);
«Les bases où l'on voit les plus hauts taux (de conduite en état d'ébriété) sont celles d'où proviennent beaucoup de soldats (envoyés) en Afghanistan. Après avoir été encadrés strictement, il se peut qu'il y ait une certaine recrudescence au niveau de l'abus d'alcool à leur retour.» En réalité, les cas de conduite en état d'ébriété seraient six fois plus élevés dans les forces de terre que dans l'ensemble de la population canadienne.
«Un problème systémique»
De retour au pays et mal outillés pour faire face au syndrome de stress post-traumatique, de nombreux soldats sombrent dans l'alcool, soutient Me Drapeau. «Ce ne sont pas des cas isolés. C'est un problème systémique. Les soldats, ce sont des gens éduqués qui risquent leur vie pour le Canada. Ils boivent non pas par imbécillité, mais parce qu'ils sont désemparés. Le Canada faillit à sa tâche de les aider.»
"Organization and Accountability : Guidance for Members of the
Canadian Forces and Employees of the Department of National
Defence", 2nd ed., September 1999, 39 p.; available at http://www.queensu.ca/dms/DMS_Course_Materials_and_Outline/Readings-MPA834/NDHQ-Accountability%20and%20Organization-Sept1999.pdf
(accessed on 25 June 2012);
Image source: Google Image, accessed on 12 May 2014
ORSONNENS, L.G. d'Odet (Louis Gustave d'Odet), comte d',
1842-, Projet d'organisation
militaire pour la confédération canadienne, Montréal,
1868, disponible à http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_50740
(vérifié le 25 février 2012);
ORSYK, George, "A Case of Unreasonable Doubts - Lingering questions about NIS' ineptitude of probing senior brass", (shipped July 1999), volume 7, issue 2, Esprit de Corps, at pp. 9 and 23; NIS is the Canadian Forces National Investigation Service;
___________"A Tale of Two Investigations [by the NIS]", (shipped
December 1999), volume 7, issue 7, Esprit de Corps, at pp.
11 and 20; NIS is the Canadian Forces National Investigation
Ken Osborne, photo source: http://ca.linkedin.com/pub/ken-osborne/9/429/aa5?trk=pub-pbmap,accessed
on 7 Apruil 2014
OSBORNE, LCdr Ken,
"Clarifying the Role and Responsibilities for Aboriginal
Consultation and Accomodation / Clarifier l'obligation de
consulter et d'accomoder les Premières nations", (2007)
1 JAG Les actualités
article en Français et en anglais; article in French and
Source of image: JAG Les actualités /Newsletter, volume 1, 2006 at p. 10
Lt(N) Kenneth Osborne, left, congratuled by MGen Jerry Pitzul, JAG, for his promotion to the rank of LCdr
___________"Clarifying the role and responsibilities for First
Nations consultation and accommodation within the Department of
National Defence and the Canadian Forces" (December/Décembre 2006)
Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire;
available at http://web.archive.org/web/20070515000335/www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters/mil-2006/news.aspx (accessed
on 24 April 2012);
___________"Clarifier l'obligation de conseiller et d'accommoder les Premières Nations au ministère de la Défense nationale et des Forces canadiennes" (December/Décembre 2006) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; disponible à http://web.archive.org/web/20070518052202/http://www.cba.org/abc/nouvelles/mil-2006/nouvelles.aspx#article5 (site visité le 24 avril 2012);
Image source: www.cg.cfpsa.ca/cg-pc/Borden/SiteCollectionDocuments/BordenCitizen/2014/07-25-2014.pdf, accessed 19 January 2016
LCdr Ken Osborne (far right) at CFB Borden
___________military career history at https://ca.linkedin.com/in/ken-osborne-aa54299 (accessed 19 January 2016);
Source of images: http://www.ischool.utoronto.ca/zachary-osborne-2013-recipient, accessed 25 September 2016
Legal Officer Instructor and Training DevelopmentCanadian Forces Military Law Centre
June 2015- Present (8 months)
As a lawyer and training development specialist with the Canadian Forces Military Law Centre, I am responsible for supporting the design, delivery,
evaluation and validation of military legal education and training within the military justice, public administrative and international legal pillars.
The CFMLC mandate is to provide legal education and training to military members in order to assist them in preparing to meet the challenges
associated with current and future operations. Additionally, I am responsible for the generation of legal research in the areas of military justice
and military law, and provide support to the development of Canadian Armed Forces doctrine governing those legal disciplines.
Deputy Judge Advocate Borden
April 2011-June 2015 (4 years 3 months)
As the Deputy Judge Advocate for CFB Borden I am responsible for proving legal support and advice to the Base Commander and his units,
including Military Police in areas such as military justice matters, administrative legal issues, including Boards of Inquiry and Summary
Investigations to one of the Canadian Forces largest military training establishments. In addition, I am also responsible for the provision of
legal training to units on the Base. CFB Borden trains 15,000 personnel annually and employs approximately 3500 military members and 1500
Legal Advisory Services (LAS) is a Directorate with the Canadian Forces Legal Advisor’s Office (DND CFLA) providing legal services on a
variety of issues, impacting DND/CF. LAS clients cover a wide range of activities, including Public Service and Labour, Health Services,
Search and Rescue, Non Public Property, Public Affairs and Reserves and Cadets. As a Legal Advisor with CFLA I provided general legal
advice in a variety of Public Law areas and was the legal advisor to the Deputy Provost Marshal (Security). I also appeared as DND/CF
Counsel before the Security Intelligence Review Committee (SIRC).
OSBORNE, Zachary J., Queer Consequences: Homosexualiy and its Penalties in the Canadian Military, 1939-1945, thesis Bachelor of Arts with Honours in History, Acadia University, April 2007, vi, 86 leaves; available at https://zacharyosborne.files.wordpress.com/2009/12/queer_consequences.pdf (accessed 25 September 2016);
OSWALD, Bruce "Ossie", "Detention of Civilians on Military Operations: Reasons for and Challenges to Developing a Special Law of Detention", (2008) 32 Melbourne University Law Review 524-553; available at http://www.mulr.com.au/issues/32_2/32_2_5.pdf (accessed on 25 June 2014);
OTTAWA CITIZEN (Newspaper), "Canadian quietly writes humanitarian
law into Afghan security contracts. The Canadian military has
quietly revised its contracts with private-security providers in
Afghanistan to ensure they obey international humanitarian law,
which prohibits attacks on civilians", 27 May 2008; available at http://www.canada.com/topics/news/national/story.html?id=8ba7014d-f640-4fb3-a88d-c541ecd7cf65
(accessed on 2 November 2014);
"To commemorate the centennial in 2017 of the Battle of Vimy Ridge, Art
Linton (JD ’12) [on the right ] of the Vimy Foundation presented Osgoode Dean
Lorne Sossin with a Vimy Commemorative Coin on Friday, March 10, 2017 on
behalf of the Law Society of Upper Canada. Linton said the coin is “in remembrance
of the service and leadership of the many Canadian law students, lawyers, and judges
who served in WWI generally and at Vimy in particular.” Linton also thanked Sossin
for his "service and leadership." "
OSGOODE HALL LAW SCHOOL, York University, "Remembering the service and leadership of Canada’s legal professionals: Vimy Commemorative Coin presentation", 10 March 2017 for the You Tube link see http://www.osgoode.yorku.ca/news/remembering-service-leadership-canadas-legal-professionals/ and a video at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LWTJ9kWY934 (both sites accessed on 23 May 20167);
OTTER, Chris, "Canadian military justice: Confederation to the National Defence Act, thesis, M.A., 2003, Guelph University; Advisor: James Snell; (source: http://www.cha-shc.ca/english/dissertation/view/7823/#sthash.lj7VqrcP.JXEc4wxh.dpbs; accessed 26 May 2017);
accessed 21 June 2015
OTTER, W.D. (William Dillon), 1843-1929, The guide : a manual for the Canadian militia (infantry) embracing the interior economy, duties, discipline, drills and parades, dress, books and correspondence of a battalion with regulations for marches, transport and encampment, also forms and bugle calls / compiled by William D. Otter, 9th ed.--rev., Toronto : Copp, Clark, 1914, 325 p. : ill., forms, music; 17 cm; available at https://archive.org/details/guidemanualforca00otte, https://openlibrary.org/books/OL19475010M/The_guide_a_manual_for_the_Canadian_militia_%28infantry%29 and https://archive.org/stream/guidemanualforca00otte/guidemanualforca00otte_djvu.txt (accessed 21 June 2015); several previous editions are available on the internet;
Image source: http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/136/295-eng.html, accessed 25 September 2016
OUELLET, Éric, “ Les années 1990 : émergence du soldat-diplomate ”, Guerres mondiales et conflits contemporains
2/2013 (No 250) , p. 55-65; URL : www.cairn.info/revue-guerres-mondiales-et-conflits-contemporains-2013-2-page-55.htm; DOI : 10.3917/gmcc.250.0055.
Au Canada, les années 1990 sont souvent décrites comme la « sombre décennie » par les militaires. Ce fut une époque difficile pour l’institution
militaire canadienne qui, assiégée de toutes parts, dû se résigner à s’adapter aux nouvelles réalités de l’après-Guerre froide, mais aussi à se
rapprocher des normes et des valeurs de la société canadienne. La mission canadienne en Somalie, en 1992-1993, fut l’événement catalyseur de
ces changements, où le manque d’éthique et les problèmes de disciplines firent scandale. L’éthos du « vrai » guerrier, issu de la Guerre froide,
était en conflit avec les attentes de la société canadienne qui se représentait ses forces armées comme une force de casques bleus. C’est dans
ce contexte que les Forces canadiennes se réformèrent par un compromis institutionnel où l’identité militaire fut reconstruite autour de la notion
implicite du soldat-diplomate. Cet article retrace les dynamiques institutionnelles qui menèrent à ce compromis.
[Source: http://www.cairn.info/revue-guerres-mondiales-et-conflits-contemporains-2013-2-page-55.htm, visité 25 septembre 2016]
Plan de l'article
- La Somalie : un bref rappel des faits
- Le contexte institutionnel plus large
- La dimension cognitive de la légitimité ou le retour inopiné de Clausewitz
- La dimension normative ou le passage du guerrier au soldat-diplomate
- La dimension régulative ou le départ inopiné d’Huntington
In Canada, the 1990s were often described by the military as the “decade of darkness.” This was a difficult time for the Canadian military,
which was socially under siege, and had to both adapt to the new realities of the post-Cold War and to realign its norms and values with
those of Canadian society. The Canadian mission in Somalia (1992–1993) was a catalyst for these changes, as ethical lapses and discipline
problems turned into a scandal. The “true warrior” ethos, a legacy of the Cold War, was in conflict with the expectations of Canadian society,
which thought of its armed forces as a peacekeeping force. It is in this context that the Canadian Forces implemented reform through an
institutional compromise in which the military identity was reconstructed around the implicit notion of the soldier-diplomat. This article traces
the institutional dynamics that led to this compromise.
[Source: http://www.cairn-int.info/resume.php?ID_ARTICLE=E_GMCC_250_0055, accessed 25 September 2016]
Comme avocate militaire œuvrant sur la Base de soutien de la 2e Division du Canada Valcartier et au Quartier général de la Réserve navale,
les opportunités de naviguer se font assez rares. Pourtant, du 29 juin au 4 août 2016, j’ai eu l’immense privilège de me joindre à l’équipage
du Navire canadien de Sa Majesté Calgary et de participer à la 25e édition de l’exercice RIMPAC.
Mon rôle dans cet exercice était d’agir comme conseillère juridique du Sea Combat Commander dont la mission était d’assurer la protection
d’un porte-avion américain. Nous étions donc à la tête d’un groupe de combat comptant neuf navires de huit nationalités différentes.
J’ai ainsi eu l’occasion de conseiller l’équipe de commandement sur le droit maritime et les règles d’engagement applicables dans certaines
situations à laquelle le scénario de l’exercice nous confrontait. À l’extérieur de ce scénario, j’ai également eu l’occasion d’échanger avec les
membres de l’équipage sur diverses questions d’ordre juridique qu’ils avaient.
PAILLÉ, Mario D., "Assistant au Conseiller juridique --
Quartier-général de la Force internationale d'assistance à la
sécurité, Kaboul, Afghanistan", (2007) 1 JAG Les actualités --
Photo of Mario Paillé, reproduced from http://www.hebdorivenord.com/Communaute/2010-02-27/article-1080076/
Justice-militaire-%3A-un-Repentignois-forme-l%26rsquo%3Barmee-du-Congo/1 (accessed on 31 March 2014)
Lieutenant-Commander Mario Denis Paillé B.A., LL.L., CD is a Royal Canadian Military College of Canada (RMC) graduate who
serves in the Canadian Forces since 1982. He served as an Administrative Clerk in Ottawa, Montreal, Valcartier and in Irak and
Kuwait with the United Nations following the first Gulf War in 1991. Following graduation, he is appointed as a Military Police
Officer. From 1995 to 1999, he served in Ottawa with the Special Investigation Unit as a Personal Investigation Officer and as
Operations Officer with the Canadian Forces National Counter Intelligence Unit. Following graduation from University of Ottawa
as a law licensiate, he is posted in 2003 with the Office of the Judge Advocate General in Ottawa. In 2005, he is posted as a Deputy
Judge Advocate with the 5th Area Support Group and Joint Task Force Eastern Region in Montreal and provide legal advice mainly
to the 5th Military Police Regiment.
From Aug 2006 to Feb 2007, he is deployed as a legal advisor with the NATO International Security Assistance Force Headquarters
in Kabul, Afghanistan under British Command. He provides legal advice to the Commander NATO ISAF on Law of Armed Conflict,
Targeting Boards, administrative law, military justice and claims. Upon his return from Afghanistan, he is back as Deputy Judge
Advocate with the 5th Area Support Group.
From February to August 2010, he is deployed with the United Nations Observer Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo with
the Rule of Law Unit. He works mainly on the Congolese military justice reform and the Rule of Law and provides training through
seminars and workshops to the Congolese Armed Forces personnel on the Congolese Military Justice system and International
In August 2013, he is posted with the Canadian Forces Military Law Center in Kingston, Ontario and trains Canadian military
personnel and abroad in the fields of Military Justice, Military Administrative Law, Operational Law and Law of Armed Conflict.
(source: https://ca.linkedin.com/pub/mario-denis-paill%C3%A9-b-a-ll-l-cd/a2/aa7/251, accessed 18 April 2015)
___________"Mario au Congo (Les aventures d'un avocat militaire canadien en RDC)", (May/Mai 2011) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; disponible à http://www.cba.org/ABC/nouvelles-sections/2011/2011-03_military.aspx et http://www.cba.org/ABC/nouvelles-sections/2011/2011-03_military.aspx#mario (site visité le 30 avril 2012);
___________ "A military lawyer in Kabul", (9 March 2007) (10(7) The Maple Leaf 7; available at http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/commun/ml-fe/vol_10/vol10_07/1007_full.pdf (accessed on 25 April 2007);
___________ "Un avocat militaire à Kabul", (9 mars 2007) 10(7) La feuille d'érable 7; disponible à http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/commun/ml-fe/vol_10/vol10_07/1007_full.pdf (vérifié le 25 avril 2007);
___________"A military lawyer in Kabul" (July/Juillet 2007) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; available at http://www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters/mil-2007/news.aspx#top (accessed on 25 April 2012);
___________"Un avocat militaire à Kaboul" (July/Juillet 2007) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; disponible à http://www.cba.org/abc/nouvelles/mil-2007/nouvelles.aspx#article4 (site visité le 25 avril 2012);
Image source: http://www.strategiaworldwide.com/team/, accessed 2 October 2016
PAPHITI, Anthony, "Global Seminar on Military Justice Reform Yale Law School, 8th November 2014", available at http://www.aspals.com/gmjrs.pdf (accessed 2 October 2016);
Gabriel Roy, procureur de la poursuite Gabriel Roy, source:https://www.google.com/
PAPILLON, Martine, reportage de, et ICI-RADIO-CANADA.CA, "L'adjudant André Gagnon déclaré non coupable d'agression sexuelle", http://ici.radio-canada.ca, publié le vendredi 22 août 2014, disponible à http://ici.radio-canada.ca/regions/quebec/2014/08/22/004-verdict-andre-gagnon-agression-sexuelle-stephanie-raymond-vendredi.shtml (vérifié le 6 juin 2016);
PARADIS, Catherine, "L’ex-militaire Hugo Paradis subit son procès en cour martiale", Béta Radio-Canada, 28 avril 2014, disponible à http://beta.radio-canada.ca/nouvelle/664598/cour-martiale-hugo-paradis (vérifié le 19 mai 2017);
Image source: https://twitter.com/isa_pare, accessed 18 August 2016
PARÉ, Isabelle, "Les avocats dans les Forces armées", (janvier
1990) 2(1) Maîtres 10-15;
Le droit militaire reste méconnu de la plupart des avocats en pratique privée. Les aperçus anecdotiques transmis par les médias généralistes et les références
cinématographiques telles que A few good men (V.F. Des hommes d’honneur) constituent l’essentiel de leurs connaissances. Ce constat a motivé Me
Pascal Lévesque, doctorant en droit à l’Université Queen's, d’organiser la formation Le droit militaire canadien : un droit spécialisé pour un contexte unique qui
aura lieu le 13 octobre prochain dans les locaux de l’ABC-Québec à Montréal. Ce sera également l’occasion d’évaluer l’intérêt de la communauté juridique
québécoise et une vitrine pour la création d’une éventuelle section de droit militaire au niveau de la Division.
« Souvent, les avocats en pratique privée vont refuser de prendre des cas en lien avec le droit militaire, car ils ne le connaissent pas », indique Me Lévesque.
Cette conférence sera donc non seulement pertinente pour la culture personnelle des juristes, mais leur donnera le contexte et la nomenclature nécessaires
pour trouver les lois et règlements et, si le client est un militaire ou un ancien militaire, de pouvoir mieux le référer. De leur côté, les jeunes juristes et les
étudiants découvriront si une carrière en droit militaire pourrait les intéresser.
Selon Me Lévesque, l’un des principaux mythes à propos du droit militaire, c’est qu’il s’agirait d’un droit « caché ». « Pourtant, la justice militaire canadienne
est l’une des plus transparentes, notamment plus que celle de nos voisins du Sud, expose le doctorant. En principe, toutes les décisions sont publiées (hormis celles
pour lesquelles une ordonnance de non-publication a été prononcée) et seules les décisions sommaires ne se retrouvent pas sur CanLII. » L’information juridique
est disponible et les procès militaires sont publics, hormis les cas de huis clos.
Pariseau, image source: http://bv.cdeacf.ca/bvdoc.php?no=113538&col=RA&format=htm,
accessed 24 February 2015
PARISEAU, Jean, 1924-2006, L’aide militaire au pouvoir
civil, 1867-1933. Mémoire de maîtrise, Université d’Ottawa,
1973; disponible à http://www.ruor.uottawa.ca/en/bitstream/handle/10393/21788/EC55334.PDF?sequence=1
(vérifié le 16 avril 2012);
___________Disorders, Strikes, Disasters: Military Aid to the Civil Power in Canada, 1867-1973, Ottawa: Directorate of History, National Defence Headquarters, 1973; Notes: A French version of the text appears as follows: : Major J.J.B. Pariseau, L’aide militarie au pouvoir civil, 1867-1933), P. Gawn, rev. trans. All references in this paper are to the English version.;
___________ Forces armées et maintien de l'ordre au Canada, 1867-1967 : un siècle d'aide au pouvoir civil, thèse de doctorat ès Lettres, Université Paul Valéry III, Montpellier, France, 1981, 5 volumes, copie à la Bibliothèque nationale du Canada, Ottawa;
___________"Les mouvements sociaux, la violence et les interventions armées au Québec (1867/1967)", (1983-84) 37 Revue d'Histoire de l'Amérique française 67-79; disponible à http://www.erudit.org/revue/haf/1983/v37/n1/304r125a.pdf (vérifié le 18 décembre 2011);
Mr. Blair is a distinguished lawyer with a deep understanding
of, and practical experience in, various facets of Canadian
military, criminal and procurement law and
international law in the context of military operations. After a short period in private practice, he joined the Office of the Judge Advocate General of the Canadian
Forces and enjoyed a wide-ranging career of increasing rank and responsibility. He acted as counsel (both prosecution and defence) at trials before all forms of Court
Martial, and was later appointed a Military Judge. As leader in the provision of counsel to the DND materiel function, he advised on such high-profile programs as
the acquisition of the CF-18 fighter aircraft, the Canadian Patrol Frigate, and the NATO Airborne Early Warning Aircraft. He served as Senior Legal Adviser to the
Canadian Forces in Europe, and as Legal Adviser to the Commander, NATO Stabilization Force in Bosnia. On retirement from the CF, Mr. Blair returned to civilian
practice where he provided legal counsel to a publicly-traded internet company and the Investment Dealers Association of Canada. Mr. Blair is a skilled teacher
who has instructed a variety of audiences on various aspects of the law as it applied to their roles and responsibilities.
For 27 years (less military deployments) he also served as a firefighter, a District Chief, and Chief of Department in a rural municipal Fire Department.
Alice Parizeau, image source: http://alice-parizeau.csdm.ca/ecole/alice-parizeau/, accessed on 8 November 2014
PARIZEAU, Alice, 1930-1990, "L'armée et la crise d'octobre", (1980) 13(2) Criminologie 47-78, disponible à http://classiques.uqac.ca/contemporains/parizeau_alice/armee_crise_octobre/armee_crise_octobre.html (vérifié le 5 avril 2011);
PARLIAMENT, House of Commons, Special Committee on Bill No. 133 An Act Respecting National Defence, Minutes of Proceedings and Evidence: Special Committee on Bill No. 133 on Act Respecting National Defence, Ottawa: Edmond Cloiutier, King's Printer, 1950; eight numbers, No. 1 dated 23 May 1950 to No. 8 dated 6 June 1950, 360 p.; copy at the Library of Parliament, call # J103 H7 1950 D4 A1 and at Library and Archives Canada; the wallet of the Special Committe is located at the Library and Archives Canada, Record Group # 14, 1987-88/146, Box 58 which contains the reports to the House, amendments, exhibits and minutes;
Note de recherche par François Lareau - Il existe une copie de ces procès-verbaux à la Librairie du Parlement, no de cote J103H7 D4 A1 et à la Bibliothèque et Archives Canada; le dossier du Comité spécial se trouve aux Archives nationales, Ottawa, Record Group # 14, 1987-88/146, boîte 58 et il contient les rapports à la Chambre des communes, les amendements, les pièces et les procès-verbaux;
Source of image: http://www.ottawacitizen.com/news/petawawa/main-march272010.swf, accessed 1 October 2015
PARK, Tatyana, biographical notes, available at http://www.ottawacitizen.com/news/petawawa/main-march272010.swf (accessed 1 October 2015);
PARKER, Scott, video by, "Le capitaine Robert Semrau a plaidé non coupable pour l'exécution d'un insurgé", The Ottawa Citizen, available at https://article.wn.com/view/2010/03/24/le_capitaine_robert_semrau_a_plaid_non_coupable_pour_lex_cut/ (accessed 26 December 2016);
Image source: http://www.kembleunitedchurches.ca/our_ministries.php, accessed 10 October 2016
PARKER, Neil, With All Due Respect, Sir: Canadian Forces’ Chaplains: Defining Competencies for Providing Ethical Advice to the Chain of Command, Doctor of Ministry thesis, St Paul University, Ottawa, 8 April 2014, 270 p., ; available at https://www.ruor.uottawa.ca/bitstream/10393/31112/1/Parker_Neil_2014_thesis.pdf (accessed 10 October 2016);
PARLIAMENT, House of Commons, Special Committee on Matters Relating to Defence, Special Studies prepared by the Special Committee of the House of Commons on matters relating to defence, Ottawa: Roger Duhamel, 1965 p., 179 p., 25 cm.; copy at Dalhousie Killam Library; copy also at University of Ottawa, FTX Library FTX Parliamentary Doc CA1 XC2 D22 262R1; research note copy of Reports of the Special Committee of the House of Commons on Matters Relating to Defence at the University of Ottawa, FTX Parliamentary Doc CA1 XC2 D22 262R2;
PARLIAMENT, Senate, Standing Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs,
Proceedings of the Subcommittee on National Defence, Issue
No. 17, May 19, 1981, 34 p; Research Note of François Lareau:
Among the witnesses were Major-General John P. Wolfe, Judge
Advocate General and Colonel F. Karwandy, Deputy Judge Advocate
General. The proceedings deal with the concerns of the CF
regarding the proposed Charter of Rights and Freedoms and
with "the problems raised by the Canadian Human Rights Act
and the proposed amendments";
Il existe une version française de ce document; note de recherche par François Lareau : Parmi les témoins, il y a le juge-avocat général, le Major-gnéral John P. Wolfe et le Colonel Karwandy, le Juge-avocat général adjoint. Ces documents traitent du soucis des Forces canadiennes pour la proposition sur la Charte des droits et libertés et avec [traduction] "les problèms soulevés par la Loi canadienne sur les droits de la personne et les amendements proposés";
PARR, Josée, notes on Major Parr, from email of Major/major Keith Reichert, Assistant Chief of Staff (Personnel), Office of the Judge Advocate General, Canadian Armed Forces / Assistant chef d'état major (personnel), Cabinet du Juge-avocat général, Forces armeés canadiennes; copy of the email sent to François Lareau by Benoît Pinsonneault on 15 May 2016;
Major Josée Parr libère des Forces armées canadiennes après 26 ans de
service. Elle s’est enrôlée dans la Force régulière en juin 1990, comme
officier légal, à travers le programme d’enrôlement direct. Elle a servi au
QGDN à Ottawa avec le Directeur juridique- Droits humains & discrimination,
et avec le Directeur des services juridiques du personnel ainsi qu’à
Esquimalt, au bureau du JAGA. En janvier 1999, Major Parr a transféré dans
la Réserve et a servi au bureau du JAGA à Montréal. En 2008, elle a
transféré de nouveau dans la Régulière où elle a servi à Ottawa avec le
Directeur juridique en droit militaire, avec le Conseiller juridique du
MDN/CF et avec le Directeur en droit administratif. Josée est mariée depuis
30 ans avec Bruno et a deux enfants Stéphanie et Patrick. Ses plans de
retraite incluent des études en théologie, des voyages et du temps précieux
avec ses petits enfants à venir.
Major Josée Parr is releasing from the Canadian Armed Forces after 26 years.
In June 1990, she enrolled in the Regular Force as a Direct Entry Officer in
the legal branch. She has served at NDHQ in Ottawa with the Directorate of
Law- Humans Rights & Discrimination and with the Director of Personnel Legal
Services, and in Esquimalt, at the AJAG office. In January 1999, Major
Parr transferred in the Reserve Force, serving at the AJAG office in
Montreal. In 2008, she transferred back to the Regular Force and has served
in Ottawa with the Directorate of Law- Military Justice, as DJA Ottawa, with
DND CFLA and finally, with the Directorate of Administrative Law. Josée has
been married for 30 years to Bruno and they have two children, Stephanie et
Patrick. Her plans for the future include studies in theology, many travels
and precious time with her grandchildren to come.
PARRY, Tom, "Stuart Langridge suicide report places blame on victim, parents's divorce -- Secret 1,434 page analysis says soldier was distraught over end of relationship with common-law wife", posted 12 March 2015, CBC News, available at http://www.cbc.ca/m/touch/news/story/1.2993235 (accessed 15 March 2015); also available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/stuart-langridge-suicide-report-places-blame-on-victim-parents-divorce-1.2993235 (accessed 29 July 2016);
Tom Parry, CBC journalist Brig.-Gen. Shane Brennan, image source:
image source: ca.linkedin.com/ thestar.com/news/canada/2016/09/06/canadian-
___________"Torture 'counter to our values,' say Canadian military commanders. We 'will not be involved in any type of torture, of any detained personnel, or anyone else for that matter' ", CBC News/Politics, 26 January 2017; available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/canada-militar-us-torture-1.3953970 (accessed on 27 January 2017); statements by Brig.-Gen. Shane Brennan, commander of Joint Task Force Iraq; statement also by Brig.-Gen. Steve Kelsey, a senior Canadian commander in Iraq;
PARTNER, Peter R., 1933-, "Address to the 40th Judge Advocate Officer
Graduate Course", (July 1992) The
Army Lawyer 3-4; available at http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/pdf/07-1992.pdf
(accessed on 28 November 2011); also available at http://books.google.ca/books?id=sNHCjrpiKrwC&pg=PT481&dq=canada+subject:%22military+law%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=M-fcT_z2O8SN6QHU_OHACw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=canada%20subject%3A%22military%20law%22&f=false
(accessesd on 16 June 2012); Commodore Peter R. Partner was
the Canadian Judge Advocate General from 10 November 1990 to 3 May
__________Biographical notes on Peter Partner at http://nauticapedia.ca/dbase/Query/Biolist3.php?name=Partner,%20Peter%20Richard&id=15364&Page=1&input=Partner,%20Peter%20Richard (accessed on 1 May 2014); see also http://nauticapedia.ca/dbase/Query/Biolist3.php?name=Partner,%20Peter%20Richard&id=15364&Page=1&input=Partner,%20Peter%20Richard (accessed 14 December 2015);
He was appointed as an Officer Cadet RCAF (ROTP) 1956. He served in Training Command HQ Trenton ON as Staff Officer Personnel Administration
Legal 1956. He was appointed as a Flight Lieutenant RCAF (With seniority dated 01/02/1957). He served in Central Command Oakville ON as Assistant
Deputy Judge Advocate 1958. He was appointed as a Squadron Leader RCAF (With seniority dated 01/07/1961). He served in Judge Advocate General
Branch as Staff Officer Legal Services 1961. He served in Judge Advocate General Branch as Section Head Redress of Grievance Section 1964. He was
appointed as a A/Wing Commander RCAF (With seniority dated 01/08/1966). He served in Canadian Forces Advisory and Training Team Tanzania as
Senior Advisor Planning Committee 1966. He served in NDHQ for Judge Advocate General's Office as Section Head Logistics Section 1968. He was
appointed as a Lieutenant-Colonel (Legal) (With seniority dated 01/05/1970). He served in NDHQ for Judge Advocate General Branch as Director of
Law Advisory 1972. He served in NATO Defence College Rome for Staff Course 1974. He served in CFB Lahr as Assistant Judge Advocate General
European Region 1974. He served in CFB Winnipeg as Assistant Judge Advocate General Prairie Region 1978. He was appointed as a Colonel (Legal)
(With seniority dated 01/01/1982). He served in NDHQ as Director of Personnel Legal Services 1985. He was appointed as a Captain (N) (With seniority
dated 01/01/1988). He was appointed as a Commodore (With seniority dated 01/11/1990). He served in NDHQ as Judge Advocate General of the Canadian
Forces 1990. (He was retired on 03/05/1993.)
After his naval service he was Chief of the General Legal Division of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees in the Near
East in Vienna Austria.
___________Biographical notes on Peter Partner, available at http://www.probusorv.org/bookfirsttenyearsfinalversionoct04.pdf accessed 30 August 2016;
Commodore Peter Richard Partner (Ret.) (President, [of The Probus Club of Ottawa-Rideau Valley] 2001-2002)
Peter Partner is our only second generation Probian, having been introduced to Probus by his father in England, where Peter holds an honorary
life membership in the Hereford #3 Probus Club. He is respected here no less, having been nominated to an executive position with Probus Centre-Canada.
After a distinguished career in both the Canadian Armed Services and later the United Nations, Peter retired to Kars where he and his wife Margitha are active in
many aspects of community life, and where their skills rescued the Manotick Branch of the Canadian Legion. They both received the Queen‟s Golden Jubilee
medals for their community service.
Peter was born in England but spent his formative years in Newfoundland. He studied at Memorial University then accepted a scholarship at Dalhousie University
where he studied law. He is a member of the Nova Scotia Barristers‟ Society.
While still a student Peter entered service in the Royal Canadian Navy. His distinguished career of 37 years included all aspects of the legal activities of the
Canadian Department of National Defence. While serving in Winnipeg he was responsible for legal work throughout the Prairies and Northwest Territories. He
served, as well, in Germany, Rome, Italy, and Tanzania training and advising. By Order in Council, Peter was appointed Judge Advocate General for Canada‟s
Armed Services. He retired with the rank of Commodore.
Leaving the Forces, Peter accepted an appointment as Chief of the General Legal Division and subsequently Senior Officer Human Resources of the United Nations
Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees. This organization is responsible for all services being provided for 3 million refugees in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan,
The West Bank and Gaza. Peter describes this appointment as “an eye opening experience.”
Being club president was a highlight for him, as it was for his Management Committee, not only because of is leadership skills but, also, his very keen sense of humour.
PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE CONSORTIUM, "Military justice experts gather in Kyiv to launch dialogue on reform", 8 September 2016, available at http://www.pfp-consortium.org/index.php/item/255-military-justice-experts-gather-in-kyiv-to-launch-dialogue-on-reform (accessed 15 September 2016); Joe Holland is a former JAG officer; I do not think that he is still with the Office of the Judge Advocate General in 2016; please correct me if I am wrong.
Kyiv, Ukraine (8 September, 2016) Today the PfPC in conjunction with the Geneva Center for the Democratic Control of Armed
Forces (DCAF) completed the first iteration of an academic exchange program focused on the establishment and enhancement of
effective military justice systems. Participants from throughout the region attended, and frank discussion ensued on the societal and
institutional challenges still prevalent in post-Soviet systems.
Joe Holland, from the Office of the Judge Advocate General of Canada offered perspective on the Canadian system - its overlap and
differences with other programs. He noted the constraints related to the size of the Canadian corps and the distances needed to be
traveled in commission of doing justice system wide (domestic and overseas).
PASSMORE, George (about not the actual author), "George Passmore as a Convict Soldier", available at https://www.ourfamilypast.com/article/topic/9244/haa-007-breakout-2-george-passmore-convict-soldier (accessed 7 May 2017);
The third time, Passmore was absent for a mere 24 hours, but it was enough to have charged him with desertion – they must
have been convinced that he did not intend to return. He had also "made away with part of his Regimental Clothing". This time
he faced a General Court-Martial which sentenced him to 14 years transportation and "to be marked with the letter D"
Image source: www.law.uh.edu/faculty/main.asp?PID=34, accessed 29 July 2016
PECK, Jeff, photo with notes on this JAG officer from http://everitas.rmcclub.ca:Contents
I. Political and Institutional Framework
The Department of National Defence
II. Military Personnel
Chief Military Personnel (CMP)
III. Regular and Reserves Forces
Regular Force Officer Training Plan (ROTP)
Continuing Education Officer Training Plan (CEOTP)
Non-Commissioned Member Subsidized Education Plan (NCM SEP)
Reserve Entry Training Plan (RETP)
Individual Programme Plan
IV Armed Forces and Organs of Military Education
1. Canadian Defence Academy (CDA)
"Other units within the CDA formation include: ...the Canadian Forces Military Law Centre (CFMLC), which was established as a
directorate within CDA HQ in June 2007 to lead the design, development, and delivery of military legal education"
Canadian Forces College (CFC)
2. Military Colleges
Royal Military College of Canada (RMC)
Royal Military College St-Jean
Training Courses under CDA
The Defence Learning Network (DLN)
1. Civilian Personnel of DND
Civilian Personnel Education Support Plan
V. Civilian Institutions
1. Canadian Universities
a) First Tier
Centre for Military and Strategic Studies (CMSS), University of Calgary
b) Second Tier
Centre for Foreign Policy Studies (CFPS), Dalhousie University
Gregg Centre for the Study of War and Society (GCSWS), University of New Brunswick (UNB)
Programme paix et sécurité internationales (PSI) [International Peace and Security Programme], Université Laval
Centre for International Peace and Security Studies, University of Montréal
Centre d'études des politiques étrangères et de sécurité (CEPES), UQUAM amd Concordia University
Centre for International and Defence Policy (QCIR), Queens University
Centre for Security and Defence Studies (CSDS), Carleton University
York Centre for International and Security Studies, York University
Laurier Centre for Military Strategic and Disarmament Studies (LCMSDS), Wilfrrid Laurier University
Centre for Defence and Security Studies, University of Manitoba
Centre of International Relations, University of British Columbia
Chair in Defence Management Studies, Queen's University
"21507 Jeff Peck, Class of ’99, left the Patricia’s and was called to the Ontario
Bar in 2010 after completing law school at Queens University. He is currently
employed in the Office of the Judge Advocate General as the Deputy Judge
Advocate – Kingston. This is ironic because one of his primary duties is advising
RMC on all disciplinary and administrative issues. Jeff and his partner Stephanie
live in Sydenham, ON, with their boys JJ (3 yrs) and Luke (1 yr); however most
of his spare time is spent at the cottage on Big Clear Lake in Frontenac Provincial
Park." (Image and text from http://everitas.rmcclub.ca/class-notes-torch-is-passed/, accessed
21 February 2017).
When Ordinary Seaman Nicola Peffers boarded the HMCS Winnipeg in 2009, she was embarking on her first deployment with the
Canadian Navy. At twenty-six years old, one of the top students in her training class, and one of the few women on the boat, Nicola
began her career with a sense of optimism and hope towards seeing the world and serving her country.
Refuge in the Black Deck is about physical and emotional strength, the failures of the justice system in the face of sexual harassment,
and the harmful effects of trauma that continue even after having left the site of the experience.
Upon returning to Ottawa in 2007, Commander Pelletier served as the Director of Law for the team advising the senior Canadian Armed Forces leadership
on issues of military personnel. In 2009, he was selected to attend the Institute of Air and Space Law at McGill University where he obtained a Master's
degree (LL.M.) in Law.
On his return from Montreal in 2010, he served once again with the Director of Military Prosecutions, initially as Deputy Director, responsible for the
supervision of the prosecutors in Atlantic and Eastern Regions. In 2012, he became Assistant Director, in charge of policy development, appeals and the
supervision of the provision of legal advice to the National Investigation Service. From 2010, he represented the Minister of National Defence on numerous
appeals before the Court Martial Appeal Court of Canada and was counsel for a rare appeal before the Supreme Court of Canada in 2011 in the case of R. v. St-Onge.
Commander Pelletier was appointed as Military Judge by Governor in Council on 10 April 2014. He presides at courts martial held across Canada.
He is married to Anne Julie Lalonde from Montreal and they are the proud parents of Samuel and Sarah-Maude.
À son retour à Ottawa en 2007, le capitaine de frégate Pelletier a occupé les fonctions de directeur juridique pour l’équipe qui conseillait les hauts dirigeants des
Forces armées canadiennes sur les questions touchant le personnel militaire. En 2009, il a été sélectionné pour étudier à l’Institut de droit aérien et spatial de l’Université
McGill, où il a obtenu une maîtrise (LL.M.) en droit.
À son retour à Montréal en 2010, il a repris du service auprès du Directeur des poursuites militaires, d’abord comme directeur adjoint, responsable de la supervision des
procureurs dans les régions de l’Atlantique et de l’Est. En 2012, il est devenu directeur adjoint, responsable de l’élaboration des politiques et des appels, et chargé de
superviser la prestation de conseils juridiques au Service national des enquêtes. Depuis 2010, il a représenté le ministre de la Défense nationale lors de nombreux appels
devant la Cour d’appel de la cour martiale, et il a agi comme avocat à l’occasion d’un rare appel devant la Cour suprême du Canada, interjeté en 2011 dans l’affaire R. c St-Onge.
Le capitaine de frégate Pelletier a été nommé juge militaire par le gouverneur en conseil le 10 avril 2014. Il préside les procès devant une cour martiale dans tout le Canada.
Il est marié à Anne Julie Lalonde, de Montréal. Lui et sa femme sont les fiers parents de Samuel et de Sarah-Maude.
Canada’s newest military judge appointed
The Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of National Defence, has appointed Cmdr. Martin Pelletier
as Canada's newest military judge, effective 10 April 2014.
Pelletier was born in Quebec City. He obtained law degrees from Laval University and the University of Western Ontario and has also
obtained an LLM from McGill University in Air and Space Law. Pelletier enrolled in the Naval Reserve in 1987 and has been member
of the Quebec Bar since 1993, practising in Quebec City before joining the Office of the Judge Advocate General in 1995.
Pelletier served as Deputy Judge Advocate at CFB Valcartier, in Germany, and at the Naval Reserve Headquarters. At the Headquarters in
Ottawa, he worked in the Military Justice and Administrative Law fields and participated in the amendment process of the National Defense
Act. In 1999, he deployed in Bosnia to serve as legal advisor of the Canadian Contingent of the Stabilization Force (SFOR).
Pelletier joined the Canadian Military Prosecution Service in 2001 as military prosecutor and served as appellate counsel before the CourtPelletier has been a highly active member of the CBA National Military Law Section, serving in a number of positions including as Chair in
Martial Appeal Court until promotion in 2004. In his current rank, he was Assistant Judge Advocate General (Atlantic Region) in Halifax,
during which time he was assigned as legal advisor to the boards of inquiry investigating the fire in submarine HMCS Chicoutimi and on
the treatment of Afghan detainees. He also obtained a graduate diploma in Military Law from the University of Melbourne in 2005. Upon
returning to Ottawa in 2007, he led the legal group that provides advice on military personnel issues. Most recently, he had been working at
the Assistant Director of Military Prosecutions since 2010.
2008-2009 and again in 2011-2012. The NMLS Executive would like to congratulate Judge Pelletier on his prestigious appointment and wish
him all the best during his time on the bench.(source: http://www.cba.org/CBA/sections_military/newsletters2014/news.aspx, accessed on
12 January 2015).
Le plus récent juge militaire du Canada est nommé
Le gouverneur général en conseil, sur recommandation du ministre de la Défense nationale a nommé le capitaine de frégate Martin Pelletier
comme le plus récent juge militaire du Canada, en date du 10 avril 2014.
Pelletier est originaire de Québec. Il est bachelier en droit de l’Université Laval et de l’Université Western Ontario, et il a obtenu une maîtrise
en droit aérien et spatial à l’Université McGill. Pelletier s’est enrôlé dans la Réserve navale en 1987, et il est membre du Barreau du Québec
depuis 1993 et a pratiqué le droit à Québec avant de joindre le cabinet du juge-avocat général en 1995. Pelletier a servi en tant que juge-avocat
adjoint à la BFC Valcartier, en Allemagne et au quartier général de la Réserve navale. Au quartier général d’Ottawa, il a œuvré dans les domaines
de la justice militaire et du droit administratif et a participé au processus d’amendement de la Loi sur la défense nationale. En 1999, il a été
affecté en Bosnie en tant que conseiller juridique du contingent canadien de la Force de stabilisation (SFOR). Pelletier s’est joint au Service
canadien des poursuites militaires en 2001 en tant que procureur et a plaidé les appels devant la Cour d’appel de la cour martiale jusqu’à sa
promotion en 2004. À son grade actuel, il fut l’assistant du juge-avocat général, région de l’Atlantique à Halifax, période pendant laquelle il
fut conseiller juridique auprès des commissions d’enquête sur l’incendie du sous-marin NCSM Chicoutimi et sur le traitement des détenus en
Afghanistan. Il a également obtenu un diplôme de deuxième cycle en droit militaire de l’Université de Melbourne en 2005. À son retour à
Ottawa en 2007, Pelletier a dirigé la prestation de services juridiques dans le domaine du personnel militaire. Plus récemment, il agissait
comme directeur des poursuites militaires adjoint depuis 2010. Pelletier a été un membre très actif de la Section nationale de droit militaire
de l’ABC, y ayant occupé plusieurs fonctions, notamment celle de président en 2008-2009 et de nouveau en 2011-2012. Les membres de
l'exécutif de la SNDM tiennent à féliciter le juge Pelletier pour cette prestigieuse nomination et lui adressent tous leurs vœux de succès dans
la magistrature. (source: http://www.cba.org/ABC/sections_military_f/newsletters2014/news.aspx, visité le 12 janvier 2015)
This thesis explores the issues of navigation and overflight of the territorial sea by military aircraft operating from warships,
known as organic aircraft. A review of maritime zones in the Law of the Sea from a Canadian perspective reveals a preference for
the exercise of coastal State jurisdiction on significant ocean space, to the potential detriment of freedom of navigation
advocated by maritime powers. Current uses of organic air are challenged by a legal framework which does not take into account
the unique relationship between ships and the aircraft they carry. The regimes of passage do not allow overflight when it would
be most needed. The weaknesses in the generous interpretation of navigational rights advocated by commentators associated with
the US Navy and a climate of significant preoccupation towards security of the coasts are not conductive to any changes in the
legal framework that would secure special freedoms of overflight for organic aircraft.
Cette thèse explore les questions applicables à la navigation et au survol de la mer territoriale par les aéronefs militaires
embarqués sur les navires de guerre, désignés sous le vocable "organic aircraft", ibrement traduit par l'expression "aéronefs
intégrés". Un survol des zones maritimes promulguées par le droit de la mer, telles que mises en oeuvre en droit canadien
révèle une préférence marquée pour l'imposition de l'autorité de l'État côtier sur de vastes étendues maritimes, au détriment
possible de la liberté de navigation défendue par les puissances maritimes. L'utilisation des aéronefs intégrés est menacée par
un cadre juridique ne tenant pas compte de la relation symbiotique entre le navire et l'aéronef qu'il transporte. Les régimes
de passage ne permettent pas le survol là où on en aurait le plus besoin. Les faiblesses dans l'interprétation généreuse de la
liberté de navigation par les commentateurs associés àla Marine des États-Unis et une préoccupation accrue quant à la sécurité
des côtes ne sont pas susceptibles de mener à une évolution du cadre juridique qui pourrait garantir une liberté de survol
adéquate pourles aéronefs intégrés.
[Source: AMICUS catalogue, Library and Archives Canada]
The definition of 'terrorist activity' is fundamental to Canada's anti-terrorism legislation. Following the recent trial of Momin Khawaja
before the Ontario Superior Court of Justice, it is clear that the 'armed conflict' exclusion-exempting wartime activities undertaken in
accordance with international law-poses serious challenges to the coherence of this legislative regime, threatening the effectiveness of
future domestic terrorism prosecutions. This article examines the 'armed conflict' exclusion and its judicial treatment in Khawaja,
identifying key challenges and making specific recommendations to address them. Coupled with other issues arising from the'armed
conflict' exclusion, Khawaja serves to highlight a clear and pressing need for amendment of the statutory definition of 'terrorist activity.
at pp. 27-28, accessed 16 March 2015)
This article gives the benefits of redefining ‘security’ in order to emphasize human beings instead of states. It shows that human security is firmly embedded in today's language of world politics. Human security also reflects the role of the UN in advancing at occasionally enforcing new international norms that place the individual at the core of modern understandings of international security. (source: http://www.oxfordhandbooks.com/view/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199560103.001.0001/oxfordhb-9780199560103-e-031, accessed 18 July 2015)
The communications surveillance powers granted to Canada’s national security agencies have rarely resulted in prosecution and,
as a result, have been subject to very little judicial, academic, or public scrutiny. However, as the state increasingly seeks to
prosecute alleged terrorists, courts will have to interpret the scope of these powers and decide whether they violate section 8
of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (the Charter). A review of the powers granted to police, the Canadian Security
Intelligence Service (CSIS), and the Communications Security Establishment Canada (CSEC) reveals two constitutional infirmities:
allowing police to conduct communications surveillance in terrorism investigations without establishing “investigative necessity,”
and allowing CSEC to intercept domestic communications without prior judicial authorization. Put simply, these powers should
be found to violate section 8 of the Charter because they substantially infringe on the privacy of innocent Canadians, especially
of Muslim or Arab background, while doing little to advance national security.
retired officer with legal and operational experience
Infantry officer (Royal 22ième Régiment, Canadian Airborne Regiment) having served in Canada, Europe and the US. As a military lawyer, I provided legal advice at the operational, tactical and strategic levels for deployed (UN and multinational) and domestic operations and I also deployed in the Balkans, Africa and Afghanistan. Legal adviser to JTF-2. Commanding Officer of the Canadian Forces National Counter Intelligence Unit. Appointed a military judge in 2006 and retired in 2014.
Biography - Lieutenant-Colonel Jean-Guy Perron, CD
Lieutenant-Colonel Perron, CD, was born in Earlton, Ontario in 1959. He enrolled in the Canadian Forces in 1978 and was
granted a Bachelor of Arts (Military and Strategic Studies) degree by the Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean in 1983.
His infantry career may be summarized as follows: 1 R22eR (Germany) 1983-86, mechanized infantry platoon commander
and assistant battalion operations officer; FMC HQ (St-Hubert) 1986-87, Aide de Camp to Commander Force Mobile Command;
1er Commando Canadian Airborne Regiment (Petawawa) 1987-89, Adjudant; 3 R22eR (Valcartier) 1989-90, infantry company
2IC. Selected for the Military Legal Training Plan(MLTP), he began his studies at the University of Ottawa in 1990. He was
granted the degree of Bachelor of Common Law (LL.B.) in 1993 and was called to the Bar of Ontario in 1995. Lieutenant-Colonel
Perron has served on the staff of the Director of Law (DLaw) / Human Rights and Information, DLaw/International and DLaw/
Operations. He served as Regional Military Prosecutor and as Director Military Prosecutions-3. He has served a tour in Bosnia-
Herzegovina in 1996 as the legal adviser to the command of the Canadian Contingent Implementation Force and participated in
OP ASSURANCE in Rwanda and Uganda in 1996. He was also deployed to Tampa, Florida as legal adviser to the Command
Joint Task Force South West Asia for OP APOLLO. Lieutenant-Colonel Perron filled the position of AJAG Ottawa when promoted
in 2001 and, subsequently, the position of commanding officer of the Canadian Forces National Counter Intelligence Unit. Before
joining the Office of the Chief Military Judge, he was the legal adviser of the Commander of Canada Command.
Pursuant to section 165.21 of the National Defence Act the Government of Canada has announced the appointment of Lieutenant-
Colonel Jean-Guy Perron, as military judge on 2 June 2006.
(source: http://web.archive.org/web/20070822211214/http://www.forces.gc.ca/cmj/biosPerron_e.asp, accessed on 14 January 2015)
Biographie - Lieutenant-colonel Jean-Guy Perron, CD
Le lieutenant-colonel Perron, CD, est né en 1959 à Earlton, en Ontario. EnrÃ´lé dans les Forces canadiennes en 1978, il a
obtenu un baccalauréat's arts en études militaires et stratégiques du Collège militaire royal de Saint‑Jean en 1983.
Sa carrière de fantassin peut se résumer comme suit: 1 R22eR (Allemagne) 1983-86, commandant de peloton dâ€™infanterie
et assistant officier des opérations du bataillon; QG FMC (St-Hubert) 1986-87, Aide de camp du commandant de la Force mobile;
1er Commando Régiment aéroporté du Canada (Petawawa) 1987-89, capitaine-adjudant; 3 R22eR (Valcartier) 1989-90,
commandant-adjoint de compagnie. Sélectionné pour le Programme d'études militaires en droit (PEMD), le lieutenant-
colonel Perron a entrepris ses études à l'Université d'Ottawa en 1990. En 1993, il a obtenu son baccalauréat en common
law (LL.B.) et fut admis au Barreau de l'Ontario en 1995. Le lieutenant-colonel Perron a servi au sein du Directeur juridique
(DJ)/ Droits de la personne et information, DJ/ International et DJ/ Opérations. Il a aussi comblé les postes de Procureur
militaire régional et Directeur poursuites militaires-3. Il a servi en Bosnie-HerzÃ©govine en 1996 à titre de conseiller juridique
au commandement du Contingent canadien auprès de la Force de mise en oeuvre. Il a aussi participé à OP ASSURANCE
au Rwanda et en Ouganda en 1996. Il fut déployé à Tampa, Florida à titre de conseiller juridique au commandement de
la Force opérationnelle interarmées Asie du sud-ouest pour OP APOLLO. Le lieutenant-colonel Perron a occupé la position
dâ€™AJAG Ottawa à partir de sa promotion en 2001 pour ensuite agir en tant que commandant de lâ€™UnitÃ© nationale de
contre-intelligence des Forces canadiennes. Il fut conseiller juridique du commandant du Commandement du Canada avant de
se joindre au cabinet du juge militaire en chef.
Le gouvernement du Canada a annoncé, en vertu de l'article 165.21 de la Loi sur la dÃ©fense nationale, la nomination du
lieutenant-colonel Jean-Guy Perron, comme juge militaire le 2 juin 2006.
(source: http://web.archive.org/web/20080117034748/http://www.forces.gc.ca/cmj/biosPerron_f.asp, visité le 14 janvier 2015)
I would say that over 85% of my time was devoted to operations. Questions of discipline, administra-
tive law and interpretation of regulations or other orders accounted for the other 45% (sic) of my
time. When I arrived in Tampa, playing an active part in drafting rules of engagement for JTSWA
and offering legal advice on their interpretation of the ROE quickly became two of my most important
priorities. These were activities that occupied much of my time. I also have to admit that the
issue of detainees monopolized a good deal of my time during the months of November, December,
January and February. Any deployed legal officer has to be fully familiar with CF doctrine regarding
operations because any command relationship in a JTF has to respect this doctrine. Another task that
soon fell to me was the initial drafting and regular updating of the document appointing commanding
officers and assigning their responsibilities. Revising orders and other directives for the signature of
the Commander JTFSWA or the CDS was another task that took up much of my time. Like any op-
erational legal officer assigned to a senior HQ, I was working with each branch of the headquarters
staff, whether it be in the context of current operations, intelligence, planning of future opera-
tions, logistics, communications, personnel administration or finance.
IN MAY, I headed to Canada for CANZEX 07. My initial destination was Victoria, British Colombia, where I arrived at Canadian Forces Base (CFB)
Esquimalt and quickly settled into the wardroom. I was to spend my time in British Colombia at the office of the Pacific Region Assistant Judge
Advocate General – AJAG (P).
My ‘laid-back’ introduction to the new office lasted about 5 seconds, as I happened to arrive in the middle of a major
discipline issue. However, this also meant catching a Sea King helicopter out to HMCS ALGONQUIN at sea. It was
a fabulous day and the aerial tour was appreciated. My host officer MAJ Philip Drew, assured me this was not how
they always did business...
The soldiers of Force XXI and the Army After Next must be diplomats, managers, relief workers, and police officers as well
as warriors. Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia and Rwanda illustrate the complicated political, economic, and social issues---legal and
non-legal---confronting commanders. It is no longer unusual, for example, for Army lawyers to work along side judge
advocates from other nations. Thus, while serving as the U.N. Mission in Haiti Force (UNMIH) Legal Advisor, MAJ Mark S.
Ackerman, was assisted by Canadian judge advocate MAJ Marc B. Philippe. In this photograph, taken in Port-au-Prince
in 1995, Ackerman (left) and Philippe (right) advise COL Khatak, Commander, Pakistan Contingent, UNMIH Military Force.
[source: http://www.eur.army.mil/21TSC/SJA/History/History2.htm, accessed 22 June 2017]
Commander (Retired), Adjunct & Sessional Assistant Professor, Royal Military College of Canada, CANADA
Cdr Phillips joined the Canadian Forces in 1985 and practiced law exclusively in the Canadian Forces
as a Legal Officer in the Office of the Judge Advocate General until 2012. In addition to prosecuting
and defending at courts martials, he advised on a wide variety of military and civilian legal issues,
including international issues such as Law of the Sea, Air Law, Operational Law, Law of Armed Conflict
and Negotiating Status of Forces treaties. The pinnacles of his career were in International Law and
Operational Law, including as legal advisor to the Canadian Air Task Group Middle East in Doha,
Qatar, during the "Gulf War" in 1990-91; the Commander of the military forces in the UN Transition
Mission in Haiti (UNTMIH) in 1997; the Commander of NATO SFOR Brigade North-West in Banja
Luka, Bosnia-Hezegovina, in 2003104; the CO of HMCS Frdericton during OP SAIPH in the Gulf of
Aden, Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf in 2009/10 (patrolling for pirates and sea-borne terrorists).
Professor Phillips started teaching undergraduates and graduate students at the Royal Military
College of Canada (RMC) in 2006 where he currently continues to teach as an Adjunct Assistant
Professor. (source: https://www.mcgill.ca/iasl/files/iasl/2016_4th_manfred_lachs_conference_on_conflicts_in_space_and_the_rule_of_law_final_program.pdf, accessed 3 March 2017).
Abstract: 1. L'énoncé du problème. L'hypothèse de cette thèse repose sur l'utilisation des théories sur la structure de la pratique et la théorie des
vertus d'Alasdair MacIntyre. L'objectif de cette thèse est de démontrer qu'il est possible de concevoir une éthique militaire qui puisse répondre
plus adéquatement aux defis éthiques rencontrés par les membres des Forces canadiennes déployés dans le cadre des opérations de soutien de
la paix. 2. Méthodologie et questions importantes. Pour réaliser notre objectif, nous avons posé trois questions qui portent chacune sur un
aspect particulier servant à démontrer notre raisonnement qui articule notre hypothèse. La première question sert à établir les cadres théoriques
de notre proposition et s'articule ainsi: Quelles sont les théories qui sont susceptibles de nous aider dans notre recherche pour l'amélioration du
Programme d'éthique de la Defense? Selon nous, ce programme trouve ses fondements dans la théorie libérale de John Rawls. Nous voulons
examiner certaines limites de cette théorie afin de proposer la nécessite d'établir la spécificité des pratiques militaires. De plus, nous allons suggérer
le consensus délibératif comme solution au problème que pose le consensus par recoupement de John Rawls. Le deuxième chapitre servira à exposer
la théorie des vertus d'Alasdair MacIntyre qui se fonde tout particulièrement mais non exclusivement sur sa notion de pratique et des biens internes
inhérents. La deuxième question porte sur l'aspect pratique de notre recherche et elle se libelle comme suit: Quels sont les éléments que nous pourrions
utiliser pour démontrer certains des avantages de la théorie des vertus d'Alasdair MacIntyre? Pour répondre à cette question nous allons nous servir
de scénarios qui expliciteront deux aspects des pratiques que nous retrouvons dans le cadre des opérations de soutien de la paix, soit les pratiques liées
à l'utilisation de la force et celles liées à la négociation et à la médiation. Suivant la description de ces pratiques, nous allons procéder à une première
analyse de ces pratiques à la lumière de la théorie des vertus de MacIntyre. La troisième question porte sur la dimension théologique de notre recherche
et elle examinera les différents rôles de l'aumonier militaire, plus particulièrement en ce qui a trait à favoriser et à maintenir les valeurs spirituelles et
morales. De plus, l'aumonier militaire joue le rôle du conseiller aupres de la chaine de commandement sur tout ce qui concerne le bien-être spirituel
et moral des militaires et de leur famille. Il faut ajouter que ces rôles doivent s'exercer tant en garnison que lors des opérations de soutien de la paix.
En d'autres mots, cette dernière question porte surtout sur la dimension opérationnelle du rôle de l'aumonier: Comment la théorie de l'éthique des
vertus de MacIntyre peut-elle contribuer au rôle important que l'aumonier militaire exerce dans le cadre des opérations de soutien de la paix,
particulièrement les aumoniers qui appartiennent à la dénomination catholique romaine. Notre objectif en ce qui a trait à notre recherche est
d'engager un dialogue avec les responsables du Programme d'éthique de la Défense afin de favoriser la mise en pauvre d'un programme d'éthique
répondant aux besoins spécifiques liées aux pratiques exercées par les militaires dans le cadre des opérations de soutien de la paix. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)
Is the Canadian North a state of mind or simply the lands and waters above the 60th parallel? In searching for the ill-fated Franklin Expedition in the
19th century, Britain's Royal Navy mapped and charted most of the Arctic Archipelago. In 1874 Canadian Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie
agreed to take up sovereignty of all the Arctic, if only to keep the United States and Tsarist Russia out. But as the dominion expanded east and west,
the ?North” was forgotten. Besides a few industries, its potential was unknown. It was as one Canadian said ?for later.”
There wasn't much need to send police or military expeditions to the North. Not only was there little tribal warfare between the Inuit or First Nations,
but there were few white settlers to protect and the ?forts” were mainly trading posts. Thus, in the early 20th century, Canada's Arctic was less known
than Sudan or South Africa.
From Far and Wide recounts exclusively the historic activities of the Canadian military in Canada's North.
[source for text and image of book: play.google.com/store/books/details?id=1nMRR3nzAnQC&source=productsearch&utm_source=HA_Desktop_US&utm_medium=SEM&utm_campaign=PLA&pcampaignid=
MKTAD0930BO1&gclid=CJG8-pCf_NMCFbLnMgoduDkP7w&gclsrc=ds&dclid=CJvYhZGf_NMCFUU4TwoduGQAAg, accessed 19 May 2017]
“This report reviews and synthesizes the background literature and other documentation relating to transition from a homosexual ban
to the cancellation of the exclusionary policy in the Canadian Forces”
– NISC Gay & Lesbian Abstracts. Information in abstract indicates that the report is available for order from NTIS in Springfield, Virginia.
(source: http://library2.usask.ca/srsd/gaycanada/misc/MILITARY.htm, accessed 18 August 2016);
Michele Pineau, image source: http://pslrb-crtfp.gc.ca/reports/0708/PSLRB2007-08_e.asp (accessed on 12 April 2014)
PINEAU, Michele A., "Civilians Under Military Justice: A Canadian
Study", (1979) 25 McGill Law Journal 3-31; article
available at http://www.lawjournal.mcgill.ca/userfiles/other/8532089-pineau.pdf
(accessed on 12 April 2014);
Image source: http://ottawa-voyageurs.wdfiles.com/local--files/winter-2007-pdf/Winter_2007_hiver.pdf, accessed 21 October 2015
Photo de Benoît Pinsonneault
PINSONNEAULT, Benoît, notes biographiques, Journal du Barreau du Québec, volume 34, numéro 12, 1er juillet 2002; disponible à http://www.barreau.qc.ca/pdf/journal/vol34/no12/parminous.html (vérifié 20 octobre 2015);
Me Benoît Pinsonneault (1971), de la section de Montréal, prend sa retraite des Forces canadiennes comme avocat militaire, après 27 ans de service
au cabinet du juge-avocat général. Diplômé de la Faculté de droit de l'Université de Sherbrooke en 1970, Me Pinsonneault a exercé en pratique privée
pendant quatre ans à Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, avant de joindre les Forces canadiennes en 1975. Sa carrière militaire l'a amené à exercer différentes
fonctions, principalement au Québec et en Ontario, mais aussi en Allemagne de 1990 à 1993 à titre d'assistant-juge avocat général. Sa principale fonction
était alors de procureur-chef de la poursuite pour toutes les cours martiales se produisant en Europe. De retour au Canada, il a assumé pendant cinq ans la
position de directeur juridique des réclamations par et contre la Couronne à Ottawa. Après un séjour à Montréal, le lieutenant-colonel Pinsonneault a été
nommé directeur-adjoint des poursuites militaires pour les Forces canadiennes par le ministre de la Défense nationale en 2001, poste qu'il occupera jusqu'à
sa retraite, prévue pour le 8 juillet prochain.
___________LCol Benoît Pinsonneault, on the right, receiving his CD1 for 22 years of service from BGen Pierre Boutet, 2 February 1998, image source: JAG Newsletter/Bulletin d'actualités du JAG, volume 1, Part 1, Jan-Feb 98 (image posted on 21 December 2016);
PINSONNEAULT, Gérard, La propagande de recrutement militaire au Canada, 1914-1917. Essai en histoire des mentalités, mémoire de maîtrise, Université de Sherbrooke, 1981, 183 p., Mémoire dirigé par Laperrière, Guy, 1981; titre noté dans mes articles mais thèse non consultée (13 décembre 2016);
accessed 10 January 2015
PIROMALLI, Michelle, 1977-, Canada's
security : the role of the Canadian Forces in the event of
Quebec separation, Thesis (M.A.), Dalhousie University,
2001, viii, 117 leaves, Includes bibliographical references (leaves 110-117); thesis not consulted yet;
.........................................Heather Fogo, image
PITMAN, Teresa, "Lawyer's Career Follows Military Path: Guelph Grads on the Go--Providing legal advice is part of the job", Tuesday, 7 January 2014, University of Guelph; article about JAG officer Heather Fogo; available at http://atguelph.uoguelph.ca/2014/01/lawyers-career-follows-military-path/ (accessed on 28 January 2014);
PITZUL, Jerry S.T., "[Address of] Major-General Jerry Pitzul,
Q.C. to the Office of the JAG Annual Mess Dinner, Royal Canadian
Air Force Officers Mess, 27 October 2005, Ottawa, Ontario, Dîner
régimentaire annuel du Cabinet du JAG, Mess des Officiers de la
Force aérienne, 27 octobre 2005, Ottawa, Ontario], Past year's activities; Presentation to
members of the JAG Advisory Panel on Military Justice;
Presentation to Mr. David Bright [past chair of the Canadian Bar
Association National Military Law Section]; JAG Liz Lundy
Award of Excellence [to Madame Christiane Chevalier and Mrs. Roma
Stevenson]; JAG Commendations -- Mr. W. Hays Parks;
Professor Leslie Green); JAG Award of Excellence (to LCol Mike
Gibson)", (2006) 1 JAG Les actualités -- Newsletter
___________ "JAG Change of Appointment Ceremony / Passation des fonctions du JAG", (2007) 1 JAG Les actualités Newsletter 3--4; article in French and Englis; article en français et en anglais;
___________"JAG Remarks to SCONDVA 1 June 2000", available at http://web.archive.org/web/20010618022755/www.dnd.ca/jag/hl_remarks_to_scondva_e.html#top; SCONDVA = Standing Committee on National Defence and Veterans Affairs;
___________"Remarques du JAG -- CPDNAC -- 1 JUIN 2000", disponible à http://web.archive.org/web/20010620192237/www.dnd.ca/jag/hl_remarks_to_scondva_f.html#top; CPDNAC = Comité permanent de la défense nationale et des anciens combattants;
___________ "JAG REPORT (1998-99)", JAG Newsletter,
Vol.III, July-Sept 1999, pp. 76-92; Brigadier General Pitzul is
the Judge Advocate General of the Canadian Forces. The
titles headings of this report include: "Implementing Bill C-25",
"Reestablishing the Credibility of the Military Justice System",
"Implementing a Revised Legal Services Organization",
"Rejuvenating the Office of the JAG", "Current Activities" and
___________dans JAG Bulletin d'actualités (publication bilingue, même numéro que la version anglaise);
___________"Letters to the Editor -- Military justice maligned", The Ottawa Citizen, 1 November 1999, p. A13;
___________"Letters to the Editor -- Setting the record straight on the Forces ombudsman", The Ottawa Citizen, 18 May 2001, p. A13, letter in reply to Blanchfield, "Internal battle rages over Forces ombudsman: Marin accuses DND legal branch of waste, delays", supra; there is a mistake in BGen Pitzul's article as the proper reference to his June 1, 2000 testimony is before the House of Commons, Standing Committee on National Defence and Veterans Affairs and not the Senate Committee;
___________"Operational Law and the Legal Professional: A Canadian Perspective", (2001) 51 The Air Force Law Review 311-321; available at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m6007/is_2001_Spring/ai_92044667/pg_1?tag=artBody;col1 (accessed on 28 July 2008) and http://www.afjag.af.mil/library/index.asp (accessed on 12 January 2012); also available at https://books.google.ca/books?id=B8fAMhvA-BgC&pg=PT324&lpg=PT324&dq=OPLAW+Canadian+forces&source=bl&ots=iewqMw0-u7&sig=6Tb3dOZn9WHOwL0M60lKvLV9Czo&hl=fr&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj6lLa205_JAhUE8z4KHcagAGUQ6AEIWjAI#v=onepage&q=OPLAW%20Canadian%20forces&f=false (accessed 20 November 2015);
____________Photo du Juge-avocat général, le Briagdier général Jerry Pitzul, rencontrant l'ombudsman des Forces israéliennes de défense, 2001; cette photo vient de la publication suivante: André Marin, Remaniement de la surveillance, Livre blanc de l'obudsman, à la p. 11, disponible à http://www.ombudsman.forces.gc.ca/assets/OMBUDSMAN_Internet/docs/fr/remaniement.pdf (vérifié le 15 janvier 2017);
___________"SPEECH AND COMMENT: Operational Law and the Legal Professional: A Canadian Perspective",
___________"The Role and Functions of Military Lawyers in the Canadian Forces", (1999) 38 The Military Law and the Law of War Review 359 to approx. 368;
___________"Speaking Notes, Advisory Committee on Defence", 3 February 1997, Halifax; in the Moriarity and Hannah v. R. appeal before the Supreme Court of Canada, we read in the Moriarity's Appellants' Factum, at p. 23, paragraph 70 that "Of note, before the enactment of s. 165.17(3) of the NDA, a former JAG recommended that military prosecutions be under the supervision of the Attorney General.93". Footnote 93 reads: "Jerry Pitzul, Speaking Notes, Advisory Committee on Defence, 3 February 1997, Halifax". I got a copy of this six page document from one the Appellant' book of authorities -- click here to read the document;
___________"SPEECH AND COMMENT: Operational Law and the Legal Professional: A Canadian Perspective", ISSN: 0094-8381 ; EISSN: 1554-981X
... Developing Canadian Forces policies, regulations and directives related to operational law issues (e.g. production of an Operational Law Manual
and contribution to the rewriting of the Canadian Forces Use of Force Manual);. ... In the context of the Rule of Law, treaty law, like the Geneva
Conventions (GCs) and the 1977 Additional Protocols and Hague Rules, is paramount and impacts significantly on military operations. In fact, the
legal, operational and humanitarian principles found in these treaties are so fundamental that it is Canadian Forces policy that all its members will
apply the spirit and principles of the GCs, Additional Protocols I&II and Hague Rules on international operations, even if Canada is not engaged
in an armed conflict. ... Further, Canadian Forces personnel are prohibited from participating in the planning for the use of anti-personnel mines
or providing assistance in the use of these mines to a coalition partner who may not be a party to this Convention. ... For every mission flown for
which ordnance was expected to be released, a Canadian Forces Legal Officer examined the target to be assigned to Canadian resources by the
Combined Air Operations Center (CAOC) with a view towards its legitimacy and relevance as a valid military target under Canadian and
___________"Speech to the graduating/Discours prononcé lors de la Cérémonie de remise des certificats"; disponible à http://www.cmrsj-rmcsj.forces.gc.ca/cb-bk/opi-opi/2012/opi-opi-2012-2-eng.asp (visité le 22 février 2015);
___________"Swearing-in/out ceremony of the Chief Justice of the Standing Court Martial Appeal Court of Canada" / "Cérémonie d'assermentation du juge en chef de la Court d'appel de la cour martiale du Canada", (2005) 1 Les actualités JAG Newsletter 3-4; research note: Speaking notes for Major-General Jerry Pitzul, JAG; the Chief Justice was The Honourable Edmond P. Blanchard; the article is a mixture of French and English; the swearing-in was on 14 January 2005;.
Brigadier-General Jerry S.T. Pitzul (Judge Advocate General, Department of National Defence):
I have a prepared statement, Mr. Chair, that I'm prepared to read to you at this point in time.
Mr. Chairman, members of the committee, I would like to take this opportunity to thank you for asking
me to appear before you today to discuss the operations of Canada's military legal branch and to speak
on behalf of the very dedicated group of Canadians serving in uniform who provide legal advice to the
Government of Canada, the Department of National Defence, and the Canadian Forces.
While I recognize that I am also here because of the ombudsman's appearance before you on May 9, I
believe it is important that I take this opportunity to outline for you the organization and activities of the
Office of the Judge Advocate General. This may allow you to place the ombudsman's comments in their
PITZUL, Jerry S.T., Kirby Abbott, and Christopher K. Penny, "The Responsibility to Protect", (Winter 2004) 5(4) Canadian Military Journal 31-38; available at http://www.journal.dnd.ca/vo5/no4/index-eng.asp (accessed on 12 January 2012); edited version in (2005) 1 Les actualités JAG Newsletter 28 and 33-37;
PITZUL, Jerry S.T., Kirby Abbott, and Christopher K. Penny, "Réflexions sur la responsabilité de protéger et le droit militaire", (Hiver 2004) 5(4) Revue militaire canadienne 31-38; disponible à http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vo5/no4/index-fra.asp (vérifié le 19 janvier 2012); version révisée dans (2005) 1 Les actualités JAG Newsletter 37-42;
PITZUL, Brigadier-General Jerry S.T. with the collaboration of
Major L.-V., d'Auteuil, "Upholding the Traditions of Civil and
Common Law in the Practice of Canadian Military Law",
(June-December 2001) 2 JAG Newsletter -- Les actualités
45-49; note: "BGen Pitzul was the invited speaker at the luncheon
given by the Association des avocats civilistes", November 1,
PITZUL, Brigadier-général Jerry S.T., "La rencontre des traditions de droit civil et de common law dans la pratique du droit militaire canadien", (Juin-déc. 2001) 2 JAG Newsletter -- Les actualités 40-45; note: "BGen Pitzul était le conférencier invité lors du dîner de l'Association des avocats civilistes", le 1 novembre 2001, Ottawa;
PITZUL, Jerry S.T., Brigadier-General, and John C. Maguire, Commander, "A Perspective on Canada's Code of Service Discipline", JAG Newsletter, Vol. IV: Oct-Dec 1999, pp. 6-16; "Originally presented: Saturday, August 1, 1998 ABA Annual Meeting General Practice and Small Firm Section Toronto Canada"; the article has three parts: "A. The Development of Canada's Military Justice System to 1950"; "B. Subsequent Developments in Canadian Military Law"; and "C. The Future: Canadian Military Justice in the 21st Century"; also published in Eugene R. Fidell and Dwight Hall Sullivan, eds., Evolving Military Justice, Annapilis (Md.): Naval Institute Press, 2002, at pp. 233-245, ISBN: 1557502927, limited preview available at http://books.google.com/books?id=G3tYljWV_zEC&printsec=titlepage&dq=%22canadian+military+law%22&lr=&as_brr=3&source=gbs_toc_s&cad=1#PPA233,M1 (accessed on 9 July 2008); with the same title in (2002) 52 The Air Force Law Review 1-15, available at http://www.afjag.af.mil/library/index.asp (accessed on 12 January 2012) and http://www.accessmylibrary.com/archive/4897-air-force-law-review/january-2002.html (accessed on 29 January 2011); with same title in 1 Modern Legal Systems Cyclopedia § 1.30.5 (Kenneth Robert Redden & Linda L. Schlueter, eds., 2000)
PITZUL, Jerry S.T., Brigadier-général et John C. Maguire, Commander, "Une perspective sur le Code de discipline militaire du Canada", JAG Bulletin d'actualités, Volume IV, octobre-décécembre 1999, pp. 17-28; "Présentation originale: Samedi, 1er août 1998 Réunion annuelle de ABA Section des études de pratique générale et des petites entreprises Toronto (Canada)"; l'article comprend trois parties: "A. L'évolution du système de justice militaire du Canada jusqu'en 1950"; "B. Développements subséquents du droit militaire canadien"; "C. L'avenir: la justice militaire canadienne au 21e siècle";
"Lieutenant-Commander Mike Baker, legal advisor to HMCS
Charlottetown command team."
PLANTE, Lt(N) Benoit, " HMCS Charlottetow's legal advisor supports Operations Reassurance", www..lookoutnewspaper, 20 November 2016, available at http://www.lookoutnewspaper.com/hmcs-charlottetowns-legal-advisor-supports-operation-reassurance/ (accessed 21 November 2016); about Lieutenant-Commander Mike Baker, legal advisor;
The legal advisor is a Canadian Armed Forces Legal Officer deployed with the ship during Operation Reassurance. He provides legal advice on operational,
international, and administrative law, military justice, and all other legal matters of particular interest to the Commander.
“When we are transiting the Strait of Gibraltar, for example, the ship is passing through either Spanish or Moroccan territorial waters,” explains LCdr Baker.
“So part of my job is to provide advice to the Commanding Officer on the implications of passing in those waters, and to help him determine what types of activities
Charlottetown can and cannot do at any given time.”
Therefore, he needs to advise the Commanding Officer on the general provisions of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, which is the primary reference for
understanding maritime law. Moreover, ships operating in the Mediterranean Sea need to understand that passage between it and the Black Sea is governed by the
Montreux Convention, that the Strait of Messina represents an exception to the rules about international straits, and that the countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea
have varying claims to the extent and types of maritime zones off of their coasts.
The Legal Advisor’s advice regarding our activities on Operation Reassurance is crucial for me,” said Commander Andrew Hingston, Commanding Officer
of Charlottetown. “There are a lot of concurrent activities happening on board the ship; it is important for me to count on the sound and valuable advice from my
legal advisor to make sure we respect our legal obligations.”
Source of image: https://www.apega.ca/members/election/, accessed 21 May 2016
Photo of Manon Plante
PLANTE, Manon, To transfer or not, that is the question
(regarding detainees-- a Canadian perspectives), Canadian
Forces College, JCSP 35, May 2009, iv, 118 leaves; available
(accessed 2 July 2015);
PLOUFFE, Jean-Pierre, former JAG member, biography, available at
accessed on 13 October 2014;
The Honourable Jean-Pierre Plouffe was appointed Commissioner of the Communications Security Establishment
effective October 18, 2013, for a period of three years.
Mr. Plouffe was born on January 15, 1943, in Ottawa, Ontario. He obtained his law degree, as well as a master's
degree in public law (constitutional and international law) from the University of Ottawa. He was called to the
Quebec Bar in 1967.
Mr. Plouffe began his career at the office of the Judge Advocate General at the Department of National Defence.
He retired as a Lieutenant-Colonel from the Canadian Armed Forces in 1976. He then worked in private practice
with the law firm of Séguin, Ouellette, Plouffe et associés, in Gatineau, Quebec, as defence counsel and also as
defending officer for courts martial. Thereafter Mr. Plouffe worked for the Legal Aid Office as defence counsel.
Mr. Plouffe was appointed a reserve force military judge in 1980, and then as a judge of the Quebec Court in 1982.
He was thereafter appointed to the Superior Court of Quebec in 1990, and to the Court Martial Appeal Court of
Canada in March 2013. He retired as a supernumerary judge on April 2, 2014.
L'honorable Jean-Pierre Plouffe a été nommé commissaire du Centre de la sécurité des télécommunications le 18
octobre 2013 pour un mandat de trois ans.
Né le 15 janvier 1943 à Ottawa, en Ontario, M. Plouffe a fait ses études à l'Université d'Ottawa où il a obtenu sa
licence en droit ainsi qu'une maîtrise en droit public (droit constitutionnel et international). Il a été admis au
barreau du Québec en 1967.
M. Plouffe a débuté sa carrière au cabinet du juge-avocat général du ministère de la Défense nationale. Il a pris
sa retraite des Forces armées canadiennes en en 1976, alors qu'il était lieutenant-colonel. Par la suite, il a été
avocat en pratique privée au sein du cabinet Séguin, Ouellette, Plouffe et associés, à Gatineau, au Québec, ainsi
qu'avocat de la défense en cour martiale. Par la suite, M. Plouffe a travaillé en tant qu'avocat à l'aide juridique.
M. Plouffe a été nommé juge militaire de la force de réserve en 1980 puis juge à la Cour du Québec en 1982. Il a
ensuite été nommé juge à la Cour supérieure du Québec en 1990 puis juge à la Cour d'appel de la cour martiale du
Canada en mars 2013. Il a pris sa retraite en tant que juge surnuméraire le 2 avril 2014.
POPE, E. W., A Practical Guide
to the Study of Military Law for the Use of Imperial and
Overseas Officers, London: Rees, 1917; available at http://www.archive.org/details/practicalguideto00popeuoft
(accessed on 3 March 2012);
___________ The Canadian officer's guide to the study of military law, London : Methuen, 1916, xiv, 103 p.; NOTES: Running title: Guide to military law;
Image source: ca.linkedin.com/in/charlotte-porter-33726462, accessed 5 Nay 2017
I recently accepted the position of Legal Officer with the Office of the Judge Advocate General. Just now I am packing my bag to
start my Basic Military Officer Qualification course in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Québec, for fifteen weeks. In this transition, I think
about how I got here. I am most grateful to my mentors, who helped me throughout my application process. Here are the lessons I
learned, framed as tips for mentees.
Canadian LCdr April Inglis, a lawyer with the Kandahar Provincial Reconstruction Team, exchanges information through
an interpreter (foreground) regarding issues of the Afghan justice system (photo: MCpl Robert Bottrill, image source:
POTTER, Mitch, "A Military Lawyer's Life in Afghanistan", The
Toronto Star, 20 December 2007, p. A1; available at http://www.thestar.com/news/2007/12/20/a_military_lawyers_life_in_afghanistan.html (accessed on 24 February 2015); interview with Lt.-Cmdr. April
POTVIN, Joseph George Marc Alan, The Integration of the Canadian Forces Logistics System and Its Effect on the Operational Capibilities of the Canadian Military, thesis for the degree of master of Arts, University of Manitoba, Faculty of Graduate Studies, Winnipeg, October 1996, v, 131, v, leaves; available at http://mspace.lib.umanitoba.ca/xmlui/bitstream/handle/1993/19317/Potvin_The_integration.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y (accessed 4 December 2015);
The result was to change the organizational command structure of the Militia by replacing the office of the Commanding General with
the Chief of Staff (the senior military officer) under the direct command of the Minister of the Militia. In 1922 the Militia budget was
$11 million, and Parliament passed the National Defence Act (NDA), which had the effect of centralizing the control of all the Dominion's
defence forces in the hands of one department. This new Department of National Defence (DND) replaced the Department of the Militia
and Defence and the Department of the Naval Services. DND consisted of the Minister of National Defence (MND), the Deputy Minister,
and the professional heads of the three services, the Chiefs of the General, Naval and Air Staffs. In addition to this, four "Associate Members",
the Adjutant General, the Quartermaster General, the Master-General of the Ordonance, and the Judge Advocate General, were created for
this new DND. (pp. 59-60, footnotes omitted).
POULIN, BRUCE, “The Official Integration of
Homosexuals in the CF (1969-1992)”, Esprit de Corps 11(7) (June 2004) at p. 4 (3 pages):(source: http://library2.usask.ca/srsd/gaycanada/misc/MILITARY.htm, accessed 18 August 2016);
POULIN, Major J.-G., 696 heures d'enfer avec le Royal 22e
Régiment, Québec: Éditions A-B et distributeurs
Beauchemin, Montréal, 1946, 183 p.; j'ai retenu pour les
lecteurs deux passages pertinent au droit de la guerre : voir les pp.
56 et 59 sur l'importance de l'emblême de la Croix-rouge et la
p. 66 sur l'ordre suivant: "Autant que possible, pas de
prisonniers"; on pourra aussi consulter les pp. 65, 98 et
173-174 sur d'autres exemples pertinents au droit de la guerre;
Image source: http://www.juristespower.ca/english/bios/bio-power.php, accessed 17 October 2016
POWER, Mark C., "La protection de l'environnement en droit international humanitaire : le cas du Kosovo", [2001-2002] Ottawa Law Review / Revue de droit d'Ottawa 225-254; disponible à https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2724814 (visité 17 octobre 2016);
Source: http://michaelpower.ca/, accessed 20 March 2017
POWER, Michael, "Security and Freedom: Are the Governments' Efforts to Deal with Terrorism Violative of Our Freedoms - Canadian Speaker" (January 2003) 29(1) Canada-United States Law Journal 331-337; available at http://scholarlycommons.law.case.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1392&context=cuslj (accessed 20 March 2017);
The CSE is the Communication Security Establishment. It is our equivalent of the National Security Agency (NSA). Prior to
the Anti-Terrorism Act, the only public reference to CSE was one page in the national archives basically a document establishing
it.6 It is an arm of our Department of National Defense. You heard a lot of talk today about what Canada does in terms of its
military and you heard the stories about our seeking helicopters. One thing hat we are exceedingly good at is military intelligence
and the collection of information. The CSE is the primary vehicle for that in Canada
I have this segway into the CSE, because right in the heart of the Anti-Terrorism Act is this amendment to the Department of National
Defense Act laying out a whole section describing the powers, the privileges, and the rights.7 This is sort of your basic departmental
housekeeping legislation, but how come it is in the middle of the Anti-terrorism Act? I actually asked this to the members of CSE. I
said you really had this in the can, you know, you really had this ready to come out when the moment occurred? He looked at me, then
began swearing. What I am getting at here is that the Anti-Terrorism Act seems to be an opportunity to use September 11th as an excuse
to do some things that people wanted to do.
6 Established in 1946 as the Communications Branch of the National Research Council, the CSE was transferred to the Department
of National Defense in 1975. The Communications Security Establishment and the National Cryptologic Program, Fact Sheet, COMMUNICATIONS
SECURITY ESTABLISHMENT, available at www.csecst.gc.ca/en/about_cse/aboutcse.html
7National Defence Act; R.S.C 1985, c. N-5
From the left: LCol A. Dufour, LCdr M. Geiger-Wolf,
Roma Stevenson, Maj. Powers, Joy Beghin, and Thea Haut (source of image: (July-Oct 2000) 3 JAG Newsletter--Bulletin d'actualités at p. 7)
POWERS, Andy, Retirement notes -- Notes sur sa retraite, (2003) 1 JAG Newsletter -- Les actualités 12,
Maj Andy Powers retired on 30 June after 28 years of service. Maj Power started as the DJA Montreal
and NDHQ/JAG Ottawa in the seventies, worked in DLaw/Pensions & Estates and as DJAG Borden in
the eighties and then in DPLS and Dlaw/Pers in the nineties. For the last four years Maj Powers
worked as DJA in Winnipeg,
Maj Andy Powers a pris sa retraite le 30 juin après 28 années de service. Le maj Powers a débuté sa
carrière au JAA Montréal at au QGDN/JAG Ottawa dans les années soixante-dix. Il a travaillé aux pen-
sions et successions dans les années quatre-vingt et au DSJP et DJ/PER dans les années quatre-vingt-dix.
Enfin, lors des quatre dernières années, il était JAA à Winnipeg. Nous lui souhaitons untre très bonne retraite.
POWERS, Dylan, "E-Espionage : Developing Canada's Cyber Warfare
Strategy" (Fall 2011) Issue number 3 Potentia -- The Centre for International Policy Studies
(CIPS) Graduate Student Journal 39-54; available at http://cips.uottawa.ca/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/Potentia_2011.pdf
(accessed on 14 January 2013);
Image source: http://edmontonjournal.com/author/sheila-pratt-edmonton-journal, accessed 31 January 2016
In the Second World War Canadian Army, medicine and discipline were inherently linked in a system of morale surveillance. The Army used a wide
range of tools to monitor morale on medical lines. A basic function of Canadian medical officers was to keep units and formations up to strength, not
only by attending to their basic health, but also by scrutinizing ailments under suspicion of malingering. Mental health was a broad category linked to
morale surveillance where experts of psychiatry and psychology consulted in aid of the Canadian Army in its disciplinary regime. Mental ability and
stability became key ways to classify and categorize men in relation to their utility to the Army. Psychiatrists participated to various degrees in the
screening process during the war, and treated those who were suffering from combat stress reaction, or as it was known during the war, “battle exhaustion”,
considered a medical indicator of poor morale interrelated with discipline. Venereal disease was another medical factor monitored out of concern for its
detrimental effect on manpower, morale and motivation. Treatment could take men out of the line for weeks, and contracting sexually transmitted infections
proved disobedience of Army regulations which extended to the most intimate moments of a soldier’s leave. Provost and venereal disease control officers
alike extended venereal disease surveillance from Canadian soldiers to their sexual contacts in Europe. The study of the morale monitoring system exposes
a great deal about the Army and how it interacted with the medical profession and soldiers’ health. Using bureaucratic means to codify and quantify soldiers
and their behaviour, the Army used a wide range of surveillance techniques to gather data on personnel. It is clear that as the Canadian Army was professionalized,
enhancing its powers of observation, that the medicalization of morale was a key aspect of this process. (Source: http://hollis.harvard.edu/primo_library/libweb/action/display.do?tabs=details
Text0)=%22military%20justice%20Canada%22&dstmp=1494623522890, accessed 12 May 2017)
The wastage of Canadian manpower due to venereal disease (VD) during World War II was an ongoing problem for the Canadian Army. Military authorities took both medical and disciplinary measures in attempt to reduce the number of soldiers that were kept from regular duties while under treatment. The study of the techniques employed to control sexual behaviour and infection places the Canadian Army in a new historical perspective as a modern institution which sought to establish medical surveillance and disciplinary control over soldiers’ bodies. This study also explores Canadian soldiers’ sexual behaviour overseas, showing their engagement in a broken system of regulated prostitution, and with European women who were coping with war’s destabilization and strain by participating in the sex trade. Agents of the Canadian Army overseas extended their disciplinary and surveillance functions from soldiers to their sexual partners. VD rates were low when formations were in combat, but rose to alarming rates when they were out of the line, suggesting that individual agency and sexual choice trumped the efforts of modern discipline. (available at: https://www.erudit.org/revue/jcha/2015/v26/n2/1037228ar.html?vue=resume&mode=restriction, accessed 6 October 2016)
In the recently released decision, Justice Andre FJ Scott [Federal Court of Appeal] said three issues had to be determined: whether new evidence — a chain of
emails exchanged with the Attorney General of Canada’s (the respondent’s) counsel — could be introduced as evidence, whether the previous federal judge
had erred in finding a decision by the CHRC was reasonable, and whether the judge erred in finding the CHRC had not violated Ritchie’s [Retired Sub-Lieutenant
Paul Ritchie] procedural rights.
The two other judges that made up the court, Yves de Montigny and Judith M. Woods, agreed with Scott’s analysis.
Image source: http://mgerc-ceegm.gc.ca/rpt/ar-ra/2012/10-eng.html (accessed 7 October 2015)
PRICE, James, biographical note at http://mgerc-ceegm.gc.ca/rpt/ar-ra/2012/10-eng.html (accessed 7 October 2015); aussi disponible en français à http://mgerc-ceegm.gc.ca/rpt/ar-ra/2012/10-fra.html (vérifié le 7 octobre 2015);
Mr. Price brings to his position extensive experience as a Canadian Forces officer in all areas of military law, including the military justice system, administrative law, international law
and operational law. After serving as Assistant Judge Advocate General for Europe, he was appointed military judge, presiding over cases involving both service offences and offences
under the Criminal Code of Canada.
M. Price met à contribution la vaste expérience qu'il a acquise comme officier des Forces canadiennes dans tous les domaines liés au droit militaire, notamment le système de justice militaire,
le droit international et le droit opérationnel. Après avoir servi comme assistant du juge-avocat général en Europe, il a été nommé juge militaire et a ainsi présidé des procès portant sur des
infractions militaires et des infractions au Code criminel du Canada.
___________biographical note at http://mgerc-ceegm.gc.ca/rpt/ar-ra/2008/6-eng.html (accessed 15 December 2015);
Term ending: December 9, 2011
James Price was Acting Chairperson of the Board for a year, starting in March 2008. He continues his duties at the Board as full-time Vice-Chairperson
Mr. Price joined the Board in January 2004 as a team leader in Operations Directorate, and was appointed full-time Vice-Chairperson in December of that same year. He brings to the position extensive experience in all areas of military law, including the military justice system, international law and operational law.
Originally from Twillingate, Newfoundland, Mr. Price joined the University Naval Training Division in 1966 while attending Memorial University. After seven years of active service, he attended Dalhousie University, graduating with a Masters of Public Administration in 1976 and a Bachelor of Laws in 1980, the same year he was called to the Bar of Newfoundland.
He engaged in private legal practice before joining the CF in 1981, as a legal officer in the Office of the Judge Advocate General (JAG) of the CF.
During his time with JAG, Mr. Price served as Director of Prosecutions and Appeals where, in addition to coordinating prosecutions and appeals in the CF, he guided the section through its transition to an independent prosecution service. He subsequently served as the Deputy Director of the new Independent Military Prosecution Service.
After serving as Assistant JAG (Europe), Mr. Price was appointed a military judge by the Governor in Council in 2001, a position he held until 2003. During this time, he presided over cases involving both service offences and offences under the Criminal Code of Canada.
____________biographical note at http://web.archive.org/web/20010723071841/http://www.dnd.ca/cmj/bios/price_e.htm (accessed 22 May 2016);.
Commander Jim Price, CD, MPA, LL.B.
Commander Price, originally from Twillingate, Newfoundland joined the
University Naval Training Division in 1966 while attending Memorial University.
After a period of active service Commander Price attended Dalhousie University
obtaining a Master of Public Administration degree in 1976 and LL.B in 1980.
Commander Price was called to the Bar of Newfoundland in 1980 and engaged
in private legal practice until he joined the Canadian Forces as a legal officer in
the Office of the Judge Advocate General in late 1981. Commander Price has
extensive experience in all areas relating to military law including, the military
justice system, international law and operational law. He has served as both
a Deputy Judge Advocate and Assistant Judge Advocate General on Canada’s
West Coast and filled a variey of legal positions within National Defence
Headquarters in Ottawa. Commander Price was employed as the Assistant Judge
Advocate General (Europe) prior to his appointment as a military judge.
___________Testimony before the Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, to which was referred Bill S-10, to amend the National Defence Act, the DNA Identification Act and the Criminal Code, met this day, 8 December 1999, at 3:30 p.m. to give consideration to the bill, available at http://www.parl.gc.ca/Content/SEN/Committee/362/lega/05ev-e.htm?comm_id=11&Language=E&Parl=36&Ses=2 (accessed 28 December 2015);
Image source: http://web.uvic.ca/~transpac/, accessed 5 October 2016
PRICE, John, "Racism, Canadian War Crimes, and the Korean War: Shin Hyun-Chan’s Quest for Justice", (15 January 2012) volume 10, issue 3, number 2 The Asia-Pacific Journal/Japan Focus 1-14; available at http://apjjf.org/-John-Price/3678/article.pdf and http://apjjf.org/2012/10/3/John-Price/3678/article.html (accessed 5 October 2012);
On 16 December, a Canadian army psychiatrist testified that Steeves had a mild form of “repressed hostility” that might
cause him to “explode” if intoxicated. Steeves himself testified on 17 December, during his court martial in Seoul, that
he could not remember anything about the incident. The following day, the court convicted Steeves of manslaughter in
the death of Shin’s father and sentenced him to fifteen years in prison. The field commander arbitrarily reduced the
sentence by five years. Steeves had not been charged or tried for the wounding of young Hyun-Chan or for the shooting
of the ROK soldier.
The court martial seemed to have produced a semblance of justice. However, on 13 June 1952, Canadian Press reported
that a Canadian “found guilty of manslaughter in the death of a Korean civilian and sentenced to 15 years in prison ha[d]
been freed by the Defence Department.”9 John Steeves was freed “some time ago,” after Judge Advocate General Brigadier
W.A. Lawson ruled that he had been wrongfully convicted at the December court martial, basing his ruling on the law involving
“circumstantial evidence.” In other words, Steeves didn’t even serve six months of his fifteen-year sentence. News of this
development never reached the Shin family. Was the court martial really that flawed? Was Steeves really innocent? We
may never know the answers to those questions.
What is striking in the press reports, however, is the number of war crimes reported.
Source of image: https://www.amazon.ca/Orienting-Canada-Race-Empire-Transpacific/dp/0774819847, accessed 5 October 2016
___________Orienting Canada: Race, Empire and the Transpacific, UBC Press, 2011, xiv, 445 p. : ill., map, ports. ; 24 cm. NOTES: Includes bibliographical references and index. Issued also in electronic format. NUMBERS: Canadiana: 20119017040 ISBN: 9780774819831;see chapter 7 Elusive Justice: Canada and the Tokyo Tribunal at pp. 148-168 and chapter 12 Racism, War Crimes, and the Korean War at pp. 257-279;
PRIOR, Keith, former JAG Officer, reserve force; see his web site at http://www.bertramlaw.ca/keithprior.html (accessed 4 May 2017);
He also practiced Military Law as a member of the Canadian Forces Judge Advocate General’s reserve legal staff, completing 22 years of
service and retiring as the Deputy Assistant Judge Advocate Prairie Region at the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.
PRITCHARD, R., "Casual Slaughters and Accidental Judgements: Canadian War Crimes Prosecutions, 1944-1948" by Patrick Brode is reviewed, Criminal Law Forum, 1999, Vol.10(4), pp.505-521
PRIVY COUNCIL OFFICE, "Discussions and submissions which led to the phrase "except in the case
of an offence under military law tried before a military tribunal…”
being inserted into Section 11(f) of the Canadian Charter of Rights and
Freedoms between 1980 and March 29, 1982"; completed Access to Information Act request, File A-2011-00398, May 2012, disclosed in part, 297 pages; see http://www.pco-bcp.gc.ca/index.asp?lang=eng&page=acc&doc=2012-eng.htm (accessed 23 October 2016);
PRIVY COUNCIL OFFICE, Securing an Open Society: Canada's National Security Policy April 2004, [Ottawa: Privy Council Office], 2004, xi, 52 p., ISBN: 0-662-36982-3; available at http://publications.gc.ca/collections/Collection/CP22-77-2004E.pdf (accessed on 1 July 2012);
BUREAU DU CONSEIL PRIVÉ, Protéger une société ouverte : la politique canadienne de sécurité nationale, avril 2004, [Ottawa : Bureau du Conseil privé], 2004, x, 59 p., ISBN: 0-662-76741-1; disponible à http://publications.gc.ca/collections/Collection/CP22-77-2004F.pdf (vérifié le 1er juillet 2012);
Source de l'image: www.prixduquebec.gouv.qc.ca/recherche/desclaureat.php?noLaureat=425, site visité 22 mai 2016
Photo de Jean Provencher par Rémy Boily
PROVENCHER, Jean, 1943-, Québec sous la Loi des mesures de guerre. 1918, Montréal : Boréal Express, 1971, 146 p. : ill., fac-sim., plans, portr.; NOTE: Préface de Fernand Dumont; bibliographie aux pp. -146
PROVINCE LOWER CANADA, Adjutant General's Office, F. (François) Vassal de Monviel, Lower Canada, Abstract of the Militia Act at present in force, and of the duties thereby imposed on the officers & militiamen, Printed by P.E. Desbarats, 1821, available at http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_21103 (accessed on 20 January 2012);
de l'image: http://www.mcgill.ca/law/about/profs/provost-rene,
visité le 24 juillet 2015
PROVOST, René with the research assistance of Guillaume Beaupré, "Canada", (2001) Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law at p.469; available in part at https://books.google.ca/books?id=lw62fC-SbrIC&pg=PA470&dq=judge+advocate+general+canada+%22law+of+armed+conflict%22&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=judge%20advocate%20general%20canada%20%22law%20of%20armed%20conflict%22&f=false (accessed 24 July 2015);
PUCCI, Dick, "Court Reporter, Royal Canadian Army Service Corps, quoted in Hepenstall, Find the Dragon, 262-263" (source: note 88, at p. 392 of the thesis WATSON, Brent Byron, Far Eastern Tour: The Experiences of the Canadian Infantry in Korea, 1950-53, infra); on-going research as of 11 January 2016; copy at the book at Canadian War Museum, Hartland Molson Library/Musée canadien de la guerre, Bibliothèque Hartland Molson;
PUGH, Anthony, "Queen’s Law grad publishes ‘outstanding’ book on contemporary armed conflict", Queen's University, Queen's Law, 11 January 2017, available at http://law.queensu.ca/Queens-Law-grad-publishes-outstanding-book-on-contemporary-armed-conflict (accessed 26 January 2017); about Kent Watkin's book: Fighting at the Legal Bounderies: Controlling the Use of Force in Contemporary Conflict;
David Pugliese, photo reproduced from http://blogs.ottawacitizen.com/author/davidpugliese2/, accessed 31 March 2014
PUGLIESE, David, David Pugliese's Military Articles archived web
site at http://web.archive.org/web/20110718092345/http://davidpugliese.wordpress.com/
(archived site of 18 July 2012, accessed on 18 February 2012);
Notes: see current web site at http://davidpugliese.wordpress.com
(accessed on 18 February 2012);
___________"Activist Ottawa lawyer [Michel Drapeau] targeted by
military over positive review of his book", Calgary Herald,
23 April 2014; available at http://www.calgaryherald.com/news/national/Activist+Ottawa+lawyer+targeted+military+over+positive/9768054/story.html
(accessed on 27 April 2014); also available at http://o.canada.com/news/national/activist-ottawa-lawyer-targeted-by-military-over-positive-review-of-his-book (accessed 3 September 2016);
The efforts of an Ottawa lawyer to advocate for families battling the military justice system rankled National Defence so much
that even a mildly positive review of his book sparked a plan to counter that in the military’s professional journal.
The Canadian Military Journal found itself in a predicament after a retired general wrote a positive review of a military lawDrapeau, a retired colonel, is a high-profile critic of the way the Canadian Forces treats its soldiers and families. He has also
textbook written by retired federal court judge Gilles Letourneau and lawyer Michel Drapeau.
called for changes in the military’s justice system.
The book review in late 2011 set off a series of emails on how to deal with the situation, according to documents obtained by
the Citizen under the access to information law.
“We have a bit of a situation here,” the military journal’s editor, David Bashow wrote to Col. Michael Gibson, a senior military
lawyer with the Judge Advocate General’s (JAG) branch. “Lieutenant General (ret’d) Rick Evraire has done a review of the
latest Letourneau/Drapeau book, and it is positive, and we are publishing it in the Winter edition.”
The situation played out in late 2011 and early 2012 and resulted in a three-page rebuttal penned by Gibson and published in the
military journal. Evraire’s original review ran a page-and-a-half in the journal while Gibson’s piece was twice the length.
But the department’s interest in countering Drapeau continued. In 2013, it devoted several pages of its website to challenging
Drapeau’s comments about how the military and government poorly treats injured soldiers and their families.
A brief television appearance by Drapeau prompted a 1,500-word rebuttal to his comments about how military members are
treated. And another 100 pages of emails and other documents produced by military lawyers concern Drapeau.
Although the journal review was about the book written by Letourneau and Drapeau, Bashow acknowledged Drapeau was
the focus of his concern.
“The fact of the matter is at the time there were issues brought forward by Michel Drapeau that I think the JAG branch had
a legitimate chance to express a countering view,” Bashow said in an interview.
The Drapeau-Letourneau book, Military Justice in Action, was published in late 2011 and is considered the only textbook
on the Canadian military justice system. It contained a forward by Justice Ian Binnie, then of the Supreme Court of Canada,
and is used in universities across the country.
Drapeau said the journal’s efforts were designed to target him and were “petty and unprofessional.” They also raise the question
of using a taxpayer-funded publication to attack critics of the department, he added.
“Where’s the journal’s supposed independence?” asked Drapeau.
Bashow, however, dismissed Drapeau’s concerns, saying he stands by the material in the journal.
The emails show Gibson, since promoted to a military judge position, immediately went to his boss, Brig.-Gen. Blaise Cathcart,
for permission to write the rebuttal. Gibson called Bashow’s offer a “good opportunity.”
Cathcart, now a major general and still Judge Advocate General, gave Gibson approval to proceed, with the material being
scrutinized by a number of Canadian Forces legal officers.
Bashow said the rebuttal was about offering up a counter idea. But he acknowledged it is rare for the journal to publish a rebuttal
to a book review.
In one of his emails, Bashow expressed to Gibson how happy he was with the officer’s rebuttal. “I think you ‘hit it out of the park”
Drapeau and Letourneau’s 1,700-page textbook also received a highly positive review in the U.S. federal lawyers’ bar association
An expanded edition is planned for the fall of 2014.
__________"Boards of inquiry 'designed to cover the military’s butt'", Ottawa Citizen, 17 October 2014, available at http://ottawacitizen.com/news/national/boards-of-inquiry-designed-to-cover-the-militarys-butt (accessed 13 April 2017);
___________"The Canadian Forces Judge Advocate General, second highest paid officer in the Military, is not even a judge", Ottawa Citizen, 30 June 2014, available at http://ottawacitizen.com/news/national/defence-watch/the-canadian-forces-judge-advocate-general-second-highest-paid-officer-in-the-military-is-not-even-a-judge (accessed 17 January 2016);
___________"Canadian Forces sexual misconduct survey: Concerns raised commanders could be provided with private information", Ottawa Citizen, 17 April 2016, available at http://ottawacitizen.com/news/national/defence-watch/canadian-forces-sexual-misconduct-survey-concerns-raised-commanders-could-be-provided-with-private-information (accessed 17 April 2016);
__________"Canadian Military threatened soldier's grieving parents
with legal action", The Otawa Citizen, published on 17
October 2014, last updated on 21 October 2014; available at http://ottawacitizen.com/news/national/canadian-military-threatened-soldiers-grieving-parents-with-legal-action,
accessed on 12 November 2014;
The Rogers family say they twice verbally told the BOI they did not wish to appear. Then Drapeau told the military in
writing they wouldn’t participate. DND issued a summons despite this, says the family.
Summonses were sent to the couple on three different occasions but the department said that was because the date of
their required testimony kept changing. Drapeau then filed a legal document with the federal court in Ottawa, giving
notice he planned to challenge the summons. After Drapeau filed the paperwork, DND rescinded the summons.
Petty Officer (second class) Janet Sinclair, right, and her spouse, Petty Officer (second
class) Silvya Reid, will be reduced in rank and fined after a court martial judge's order on
Monday. Photograph by: Darren Stone , Victoria Times Colonist
____________"Court-martialled sailors handed minimum sentence", The Ottawa Citizen, 10 February 2009; available at http://www.canada.com/news/court+martialled+sailors+handed+minimum+sentence/1271179/story.html (accessed 13 January 2017)
___________"Defence chief issues gag order - Officers forced to obtain approval before talking to media", The Ottawa Citizen, Friday, November 9, 2001, p. A5;
___________"Forces base tightens rules on social media--Freedom of Speech", The Ottawa Citizen, Tuesday, 5 April 2016 at p. NP4;
___________"Grieving parents of dead soldier stuck with legal fees in DND spat", Ottawa Citizen, 7 November 2014; published at http://ottawacitizen.com/news/national/grieving-parents-of-dead-soldier-stuck-with-legal-fees-in-dnd-spat (accessed 8 March 2015); research note: as of 25 February 2015, there is a Public Fatality Inquiry (coroner inquest) in Alberta scheduled to take place --
The couple [Rick and Ellen Rogers] ] was sent three summonses to attend a military board of inquiry (BOI) examining
their 27-year-old daughter’s [Lt. Shawna Rogers] drug overdose in Edmonton, even though the parents, who had no
faith in that process, had repeatedly told the Canadian Forces they didn’t want to participate.
Asked about whether any disciplinary action had been taken against members of the BOI or military lawyers for
allegedly harassing the Rogers family, DND spokesman Dan Blouin sent an email that stated, “DND has rescinded
the summonses out of respect for the family’s wishes.”
___________"How military buries the truth", The Ottawa
Citizen, 16 October 1999;
____________"Law passed three years ago by Parliament to make it easier to sue DND, deal with military grievances still in limbo", The Ottawa Citizen, 22 September 2016, available at http://ottawacitizen.com/news/national/defence-watch/law-passed-three-years-ago-by-parliament-to-make-it-easier-to-sue-dnd-deal-with-military-grievances-still-in-limbo (accessed 23 September 2016);
___________"The Libya Mission One Year Later: The Rules of Engagement", The Ottawa Citizen, 19 February 2012, pp. A1 and A5;
___________"Major conference on military justice to be held in Ottawa Nov. 13 ", Ottawa Citizen, 2 November 2015; available at http://ottawacitizen.com/news/national/defence-watch/major-conference-on-military-justice-to-be-held-in-ottawa-nov-13 (accessed 2 November 2015);
___________"The military and the media: time for openness", (Fall 1997) 27(1) Canadian Defence Quarterly;
___________"Military judge won't order secret trial.
Government ask court to force officer to try JTF2 suspect in
closed sessions", The Ottawa Citizen, Monday, 7 November
2005, at pp. A1 and A10; title at p. A10 is "Secret: Accused is
back in Canada"; Chief Military Judge: Colonel Kim Carter;
Department of Justice Canada lawyer is Jan Brongers; available at http://www.canada.com/ottawa/ottawacitizen/news/story.html?id=634f541b-53b1-4eae-a4d5-099fb3371865 (accessed 1 December 2015);
The unprecedented legal battle revolves around a member of Canada's special forces unit, Joint Task Force 2, who has been charged with aggravated assault
and ill-treatment of a subordinate after an alleged incident in Afghanistan in August.
The Sept. 23 charge sheet, which outlines details of the incident, has been classified as secret by the Defence Department.
But Chief Military Judge Col. Kim Carter has refused to assign one of her judges to preside over the court martial of the JTF2 warrant officer because of the
secret charge sheet. Col. Carter argues that would be "to accept and follow a presumption of secrecy" in the case, according to legal records.
Justice system needs needs reform, lawyer argues",
The Ottawa Citizen, 30 April 2015; available at http://ottawacitizen.com/news/politics/military-justice-system-needs-reform-lawyer-argues
(accessed 1 May 2015);
Image source: https://www.google.com/search?as_st=y&tbm=isch&as_q=military&as_epq=sex+cards&as_oq=&as_eq=&imgsz=&imgar=&imgc=&imgcolor=&imgtype=&cr=&as_sitesearch=&safe=images&as_filetype=&as_rights=&gws_rd=ssl#as_st=y&tbm=isch&q=%22Canadian+Forces%22+sex+card&imgrc=FspaBcLy7KNjnM%3A;
___________"Military's 'no harm' sex cards stir anger -- Abuse Reminders", The Ottawa Citizen, 17 June 2016, at p. NP3;
The Canadian Forces has distributed 120,000 wallet-size cards to military-
personnel to remind them that sexual assault is an "inappropriate" behaviour.
___________"Ombudsman takes Vance, Sajjan, bureaucrats to task for failing to help military personnel", The Ottawa Citizen, available at http://ottawacitizen.com/news/national/defence-watch/ombudsman-takes-vance-sajjan-bureaucrats-to-task-for-failing-to-help-military-personnel (accessed 16 March 2017); about the testimony of the ombudsman, Gary Walbourne, before the Senate subcommittee on Veterans Affairs, 8 March 2017;
My recommendations are straightforward and easily implementable. They are:
1) First, that the Surgeon General be assigned the responsibility for determining whether an individual’s illness or injury is attributable to their service, and that Veterans Affairs Canada accept that determination to activate their benefit suite for the releasing member.
– We have estimated that this would cut the wait times for VAC benefits by at least 50%.
2) Second, that the Member not be released from the Canadian Armed Forces until ALL benefits and services, from ALL sources, including Veterans Affairs, are in place.
– This includes their Canadian Forces pensions.
3) Third, that a Concierge Service be put in place, staffed by members of the Canadian Armed Forces, to help the member navigate the complex release process.
4) Finally, that one easily navigable, COMMON web portal be created containing all relevant information on the benefits and services from Veterans Affairs and the Canadian Armed Forces.
Senators, you would think that this blueprint would be accepted and implemented as quickly as possible. It has not.
___________"Proposed military ombudsman not in a conflict, minister's aide insists", CanWest News, Jun 20, 2005, p.1;
Description: The leaked records show that in 1999 Cote was acting as the lawyer for the military's senior hierarchy in negotiating the
mandate of the first Canadian Forces ombudsman, Andre Marin. But the negotiations over 14 lengthy sessions, which at times also
involved members of the Judge Advocate General's office (JAG) and senior Defence staff, became deadlocked after Marin complained
he was receiving little co-operation. Marin also pointed out he continued on in negotiations with Cote, but to no avail. Another draft
report produced after Cote met with the JAG and the Chief of the Defence Staff was profoundly disappointing, according to Marin.
It rejected recommendations put forward by Marin and his staff and failed to ensure methods were in place to deal with retaliation
and reprisals against those making complaints to the ombudsman. [Bill Graham]'s spokesman, Steve Jurgutis, said he saw no conflict
of interest in naming Cote as ombudsman, despite the lawyer's role in representing the generals and Defence Department during
negotiations in determining the ombudsman's mandate. Jurgutis dismissed concerns Cote, currently the Privy Council lawyer, wouldn't
be objective and reiterated Graham considered him an excellent candidate. (source: http://primo-pmtna01.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_
%20Pitzul%22%20Judge%20Advocate%20General&dstmp=1474922626257, accessed 26 September 2016; © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved)
___________"Questions remain about top military officer’s removal as replacement ‘double-hats’ navy and defence jobs", The National Post, 29 January 2017, available at http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/questions-remain-about-top-military-officers-removal-as-replacement-double-hats-navy-and-defence-jobs (accessed 31 January 2017);
___________"Rank injustice: Seven cases from Canada's military",
The Ottawa Citizen, 12 October 1999;
__________"Searches of lockers of military cadets stopped after
complaints about violations of Charter Rights", The Ottawa
Citizen, 29 June 2015; available at http://ottawacitizen.com/news/national/defence-watch/searches-of-lockers-of-military-cadets-stopped-after-complaints-about-violations-of-charter-rights
(accessed 29 June 2015);
___________"Soldier of torture was part of Forces' elite unit", The Ottawa Citizen, 10 October 1999;
___________"Top general apologizes to Forces whistleblower:
Unprecedented letter admits military failed to act on allegations
of sexual harassment", The Ottawa Citizen, pp. A1 and A10;
the other title at p. A10 is "Baril: Case not handled properly";
___________"Vice-Admiral lashes out at inquiry; Witness stand used to give `surrogate press conference,' Somalia commissioner says; HOT TIMES", Edmonton Journal, Jan 29, 1997, p. A.3;
PURNELLE, Michel, 1960-, Une armée en déroute / Michel
Purnelle préface du colonel Michel W. Drapeau, Montréal:
Liber (Diffusion Dimedia, 539, boul. Lebeau, Saint-Laurent, PQ,
H4N 1S2), 1996, 189 p., ISBN: 2921569345; monsieur Purnelle
était un militaire en Somalie et un témoin à la Commission
d'enquête sur la Somalie; il eut également un procès devant une
QR&O [The Queen's Regulations and Orders for the
Canadian Forces] Chapter 108 - Draft Proposal, MJ
141 mentioned at note 32, p. 44 of the Report of
the Special Advisory Group on Military Justice and Military
Police Investigation Services, 25 March 1997, supra;
MJ 141, Chapitre 108 des ORFC [Ordonnances et règlements royaux applicables aux forces canadiennes] - Ébauche de proposition, cité à la note 32, p. 48 du Rapport du Groupe consultatif spécial sur la justice militaire et sur les services d'enquête de la police militaire, supra;
QUAN, Douglas, "Canadian colonel stripped of command over alleged affair with assistant ‘was denied justice’: judge", National Post, 27 October 2015; available at http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/canadian-colonel-stripped-of-command-over-alleged-affair-with-assistant-was-denied-justice-judge (accessed 30 April 2017); about Colonel Bernard Ouellette;
Québec, Assemblée nationale, Projet de rapport. Commission d'étude des questions afférentes à l'accession du Québec à la souveraineté, p. 85-89 (La défense); titre noté dans mes recherches mais non consulté (10 septembre 2015);
QUÉBEC (Province), Ministère de la Sécurité publique et Canada, Secretary of State, "Réquisition du Procureur-général de la province suivant l'article 277 de la Loi sur la défense nationale", [Québec, Qué.] : Ministre de la Sécurité publique, 1990, 9 feuilles; autre titre "Pour venir en aide au pouvoir civil." (source: catalogue du Collège des Forces canadiennes);
QUEEN'S UNIVERSITY, Lederman Law Library, "Select Bibliography -- Military Law", available at http://library.queensu.ca/law/bibliographyMILITARY.htm (accessed on 3 November 2013);
Image source: photo in the article
QUEEN'S University, Queen's --Law, "How to start a thriving legal career", available at http://law.queensu.ca/news/how-start-thriving-legal-career (accessed 1 May 2016);
QUINN, Patrick, "Experts say war
crimes in Sarajevo exist, but prosecution hard with
AM-Yugoslavia", AP (Associated Press) News Archives, 6 July
1993; available at http://www.apnewsarchive.com/1993/Experts-Say-War-Crimes-in-Sarajevo-Exist-But-Prosecution-Hard-With-AM-Yugoslavia/id-a95ea9cc3cf3fa984444488779631a02 (accessed on 22 January
SARAJEVO, BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina (AP) _ Much evidence exists that war crimes were committed against residents
of besieged Sarajevo, but two lawyers on assignment for the United Nations said Tuesday that prosecution would be hard.
[Bill] Fenrick and a Canadian team of three military lawyers and four military police investigators spent two weeks in Sarajevo gathering material for a report
to U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali.
'There is a lot of information available. The difficulties we are facing, and I think we are beginning to overcome, is translating evidence for prosecution,'' said
Lt. Col. Kim Carter, a Canadian army military prosecutor.
QUINN, William, J., Legal and Policy Responses to the
Terrorist Threat to Canada: A "Soft Approach",
[Toronto]: Canadian Forces College, 2008, iii, 91 p., 28 cm.,
Masters thesis (Canadian Forces College), JCSP/PCEMI 34-56;
available at http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/290/294/286/quinn_w.pdf (accessed on 12 January 2012);
"A credible terrorist threat to Canada exists from nuclear,
biological, chemical and conventional weapons, and from
cyberterrorism. Obstacles exist to the use of any of these methods, but terrorists have expressed the will to attack Canada and
some believe such an attack is inevitable. Canada has acted on many fronts to counter this threat. In the legal domain Canada
has used a combination of domestic criminal and immigration law, along with international law to foil terrorists’ plans. Canada
is also taking actions that are complementary to legal methods with an aggressive Anti-Terrorism Plan, active cooperation with
the United States and significant participation in international cooperative activities. These strategies and tools are important,
but they form only part of the solution to the problem of terrorism. Military action is also required to stop terrorists before they
reach the shores of Canada, as well as effective consequence management to deal with terrorists who penetrate the layers of
defence. The Canadian Government must continue to focus on all of these areas in order to ensure the safety of its citizens."
- p. iii (source: Canadian Forces College catalogue)
RADIO CANADA, "Le sort des détenus afghans", mise à jour 15 novembre 2016; une multitude d'articles avec liens, voir http://ici.radio-canada.ca/sujet/detenus-afghans (site visité le 16 juin 2017);
Pour la première fois, des militaires à la retraite osent parler publiquement d'un épisode de torture qu'ils disent avoir
vécu lors d'un entraînement particulièrement éprouvant dans les années 80 à la base militaire de Wainwright, en Alberta.
RALEIGH, Major Sean, "Brigadier-General (Retired) Robert Martin",
(2006) 1 JAG Les actualités -- Newsletter 12;
Sean Raleigh, image source: http://ca.linkedin.com/pub/sean-raleigh-cd-ba-llb-pcsc/63/16/4a9?trk=pub-pbmap (accessed on 18 April 2014)
RALEIGH, Major Sean, "Brigadier-Général (Retraité) Robert Martin", (2006) 1 JAG Les actualités -- Newsletter 13;
Photo by MCpl Kevin Paul, Canadian Forces Combat Camera
Major Sean Raleigh, Legal Officer on the Canadian Frigate HMCS TORONTO, gets a guided tour of the American warship
USS BAINBRIDGE from Lieutenant-Commander Schwarzkopf, Executive Officer of the BAINBRIDGE. The two ships are part of
a multinational fleet carrying out a NATO presence patrol in the Indian Ocean near Somalia.
Le Major Sean Raleigh, avocat militaire à bord de la frégate canadienne, le NCSM TORONTO, participe à une visite guidée
du navire de guerre américain USS BAINBRIDGE donnée par le Capitaine de corvette Schwarzkopf, commandant en second du
BAINBRIDGE. Les deux navires font partie de la flotte multinationale de l’OTAN effectuant une patrouille de présence
dans l’océan Indien, près de la Somalie. (source pour le texte français: http://www.combatcamera.forces.gc.ca/gallery/
RAM, Sunil V., Tim A. Mau, "The Nature of the Civil-Military Relationship in Canada and its Impact on the Leadership Role of the Officer Corps", CSL Leadership Review September 2016 , pp. 1-21; available at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/236578651_The_Nature_of_the_Civil-Military_Relationship_in_Canada_and_its_Impact_on_the_Leadership_Role_of_the_Officer_Corps (accessed 26 November 2016);
Image source: www.linkedin.com/in/rob-ramey-6989a5a8, accessed 30 July 2016
RAMEY, Robert A., Space Warfare and the Future Law of War, A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Masters of Law (LL.M.), Institute of Air and Space, McGill University, 1999; available at http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/s4/f2/dsk1/tape10/PQDD_0030/MQ55106.pdf (accessed on 17 October 2014);
RAMRAJ, Victor, Michael Hor, Kent Roach, et al., eds., Global Anti-Terrorism Law and Policy, 2nd ed., New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2012, 9781107014671; and see The criminal law and its less restrained alternatives Kent Roach and Canada's response to terrorism Kent Roach;
RANCOURT, Daniel, " de services juridiques", Servir
-- Le journal bi-mensuel du SQFT/FOI (EST) Région de Montréal,
volume 18, numéro 13, 1er février 2012, p. 6; disponible à http://www.journalservir.com/ftp/journaux/VOL_18_NO_13_SERVIR_2012_02_01.pdf
(visité le 18 mars 2012); traite du droit militaire et du
major Nadine Dery, avocate et juge-avocat adjoint (JAA) à la
RAWAL, Capt. P. (Prem), "First Annual Office of the JAG,
Post-Deployment Conference for Legal Officers", (2006) 1 JAG Les actualités -- Newsletter
RAWAL, Capt. P., "Première conférence annuelle: post-déploiement du JAG", (2006) 1 JAG Les actualités -- Newsletter 25;
Source of image: http://randyray.ca/biography.html, accessed 28 September 2016
RAY, Randy, "Law in the Trenches", (March 1995) 4 National
(The Canadian Bar Association - L'Association du Barreau
canadien) 12-24; research note: article on
Canadian military lawyers; note de recherche: article sur
les avocats militaires canadiens;
RAZAK, Sherene H., Dark
Threats and white knights : the Somalia Affair,
peacekeeping and the new imperialism, Toronto: University
of Toronto Press, c2004, xii, 236 p., ISBN: 0802087086 and
0802086632 (pbk.); limited preview at http://books.google.com/books?id=nfj8SN649zEC&pg=PA181&dq=%22Dishonoured+Legacy%22&lr=&as_brr=3&ei=sTh-SMObJ4OQsgPw1PHhDw&sig=ACfU3U3IyQDokfGlXdDLR6GcbWA0UEM7OA#PPP1,M1
http://books.google.com/books?id=nfj8SN649zEC&dq=%22Dishonoured+Legacy%22&lr=&as_brr=3&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0 (accessed on 16 July 2008);
His close to 35 year career as a military lawyer has taken him throughout Canada, Europe, the Balkans and the United States
(including Puerto Rico and Hawaii) where he has performed as both prosecutor and defence counsel, sat as a trial judge
(alone and with a full court), and provided a wide range of legal advice, services, training and counsel in personnel,
administrative, criminal, disciplinary, international and operational legal matters at the strategic, operational/theatre and tactical levels.
He was the senior Colonel (Captain (N)) and Deputy in the Office of the JAG and, by appointments, both the Acting JAG in
the latter’s absence from the National Capital Region and the Legal Branch Adviser. He is an Officer of the Order of Military
(source: https://www.friends-amis.org/index.php/en/support-fcwm-2/our-volunteers-test-not-public-visible/347-volunteer-reed-william-arthur-bill, accessed 5 March 2015)
This thesis examines the question of Canadian domestic, and international, rights and obligations owed to individuals detained
by Ships of the Royal Canadian Navy in a selection of contemporary naval operations. Discussed are underlying lawful authorities
as well as the international law affecting the maritime environment. Next reviewed are extra-territorial extensions of State jurisdiction
and the rights and international and Canadian State obligations triggered when an individual is detained. Legal issues found in
maritime operations are then analyzed in contrast to land operations involving detention of individuals and attendant human right’s
concerns. The thesis concludes by re-conceptualizing naval operations in light of State border and frontier zone legal principles and
concludes by setting out general principles that can be applied to these, and other, naval operations.
(source: https://ca.linkedin.com/pub/darin-reeves/11/b55/b35, accessed 30 April 2015)
Halifax, N.S., Nov 15.—A naval court martial convened here today to investigate the responsibility for the stranding of the Canadian cruiser Niobe near Cape Sable,
last July. Commander Macdonald of the Niobe and two of his officers are on trial. In order to provide the officers of necessary rank for the court, the British Atlantic
Squadron, consisting of Leviathan, Essex, Donegal and Berwick was sent here. Capt Baker of the Berwick is presiding over the court.
REMPEL, Roy, 1962-, The
Chatter Box : An Insider's Account of the Irrelevance of
Parliament in the Making of Canadian Foreign and Defence Policy,
Toronto: Dundurn Press, 2002; available in part at http://books.google.ca/books?id=TpZ6YOtt7pEC&pg=PT36&lpg=PT36&dq=The+Charter+Box+:+An+Insider
Irrelevance%20of%20Parliament%20in%20the%20Making%20of%20Canadian%20Foreign%20and%20Defence%20Policy&f=false (accessed on 9 December 2013);
RENNIE, Ian, "A reply to 'The Battle of the Windmill': a different perspective" (March/Mars 2010) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; available at http://www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters-sections/2010/2010-02_military.aspx and http://www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters-sections/2010/2010-02_military.aspx#article3 and http://www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters-sections/pdf/02-10-military_2.pdf (accessed on 29 April 2012);
RENNIE, Ian, "Une perspective différente : réplique à 'La Bataille du Moulin-à-Vent' ", (March/Mars 2010) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; disponible à http://www.cba.org/cba/newsletters-sections/pdf/03-10-salut_militaire.pdf (site visité le 29 avril 2012);
RENNIE, Richard, former JAG officer, biographical notes:
Richard A. Rennie was appointed to the Veterans Review and Appeal Board in 2012. He joined the Royal Canadian Navy in 1964
and, after three years, transferred to the Royal Canadian Air Force. During his 23 years of military service, Mr. Rennie spent most
of his field-time with 4 Service Battalion, 4 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group in Lahr, Germany. He also served in Comox,
Borden, Ottawa and Victoria. After retiring from the Judge Advocate General Branch of the Canadian Armed Forces, Mr. Rennie
was Assistant to the Dean in the Faculty of Law at the University of Victoria. As well, Mr. Rennie lectured in Law and Ethics at
the University for more than 20 years.
Mr. Rennie obtained a Bachelor of Commerce from the University of British Columbia, a Master of Public Administration from
Carleton University, and a Bachelor of Laws from the University of Victoria.
Mr. Rennie and his wife Karen have three adult children. They reside in Victoria.
[source: http://www.vrab-tacra.gc.ca/Members-membres/Rennie-eng.cfm, accessed 27 December 2015]
RENNIE, Steve, "Court martial begins for ex-medic: Former medical technician faces sex assault", The Ottawa Citizen, Thursday, 26 September 2013, p. A4; court martial of retired petty officer James Wilks;
"Report on the Expert Meeting on Human Rights and the Administration of Justice by Military Tribunals, held in Brasilia, 27 to 29 November 2009", 36 p., available at http://www.law.yale.edu/The_Brasilia_Report.pdf (accessed on 17 June 2012); Lt. Colonel Michael Richard Gibson was a participant;
RESIDUAL SPECIAL COURT FOR SIERRA LEONE PUBLIC INFORMATION, "Press Release: Plenary of Judges Considers Legacy, Charts Way Forward",Freetown, Sierra Leone, 3 December 2015, available at http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/Press/2015/pressrelease-120315.pdf (accessed 8 July 2016);
The Plenary approved the finalization of the Appeals Chamber's major jurisprudential legacy project, a legalbriefing book entitled "Bearing the Greatest Responsibility: Select Jurisprudence of the Special Court for SierraLeone", which will be launched shortly. The book will be made available to legal scholars, jurists, and other courtsas the RSCSL's contribution to the international criminal justice system.
.....The Judges re-elected Justice Jon Kamanda as the RSCSL's Vice-President and elected Justice Pierre Boutet asStaff Appeals Judge. Justice Elizabeth Nahamya was elected Deputy Staff Appeals Judge.
....The Residual Special Court for Sierra Leone is responsible for the ongoing legal obligations of the Special Court for SierraLeone, which concluded its mandate in December 2013. These include supervision of prison sentences, witness protection andsupport, maintenance and preservation of the archives, and assistance to national prosecution authorities.
Rey, image source: http://ieeeradarcon13.org/program/lunch-and-learn/,
accessed 11 February 2015
REY, Maria, Civilians Accompanying the Armed Forces : Issues and Considerations when Employing Civilians in Support of International Operations, Canadian Forces College -- Collège des Forces Canadiennes NSSP 10 -- PESN 10, 29 April 2008; available at http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/281/280/rey.pdf (accessed on 8 December 2013);
Béatrice Richard, source de l'image: http://www.cmrsj-rmcsj.forces.gc.ca/cp-fs/brichard/pp-pp-richard-fra.asp,
visité 11 février 2015
RICHARD, Béatrice, "Le 1er avril 1918 — Émeute à
Québec contre la conscription : résistance politique ou
culturelle? Conférence de Béatrice Richard, Auditorium de la
Grande Bibliothèque Montréal, 31 janvier 2013", Fondation
Lionel-Groulx, disponible à http://www.fondationlionelgroulx.org/Le-1er-avril-1918-Emeute-a-Quebec.html
(vérifié le 25 mai 2015);
___________ Bibliographie, la guerre et le Québec, disponible à http://www.chf.uqam.ca/ (vérifié le 15 décembre 2011); notes: "Nous tenons à remercier la Direction Histoire et patrimoine et la Chaire Hector-Fabre d'histoire du Québec pour leur aide financière dans la réalisation de ce projet.";
RICHARD, Marcel, "The Role of the Military in Countering Terrorism" in Brian MacDonald, 1939-, ed., Terror, Toronto: Canadian Institute of Strategic Studies, 1986, 170 p., at pp. 113-117, (series; Proceedings; Canadian Institute of Strategic Studies; Spring 1986), ISBN: 0919769225; title noted in my research but article not consulted yet (6 January 2012);
Over the past eleven years, I have served as a legal advisor and as a military prosecutor in a variety of places.
In addition to postings from coast-to-coast within Canada, and work in the United States, Jamaica, and in Europe,
I have deployed on military operations in Croatia, Afghanistan, and Jerusalem/West Bank. I also served as a legal
advisor during the Olympic security operation for the Vancouver 2010 games.
This thesis examines important aspects of Canada and Britain’s participation in the Korean War of 1950-53 and the Afghanistan
Conflict of 2001-present with a view to better understanding how international law influenced this participation, and whether key
leaders and officials understood said law as a binding and distinct phenomenon. It draws on constructivist International Relations
(IR) theory and “interactional” International Law (IL) theory, and employs a method of historical reconstruction and process tracing.
I argue that, contrary to what realism might predict, international law helped define and shape each state’s possible course of action
in the wars, and the justifications that could be made for their behaviour. More specifically, Canada and Britain’s involvement in the
conflicts suggests that, when states use force, international law can play four broad roles: 1) it helps constitute the identities of the
actors at issue; 2) it helps regulate the political and military practice of the actors at issue; 3) it permits and legitimates certain political
and military practices that otherwise might not be permitted; and 4) it helps structure the process by which agents seek to develop
and promote new legal rules and legitimate practice. However, I also contend that, contrary to what IL scholars might predict, the
discourse and actions of Canadian and British leaders and officials during the Korean War and Afghanistan Conflict offer mixed
support for the hypothesis that, when states use force, policy-makers understand international law as a binding and distinct set of
legal rules, and the legal status of these rules impacts their decision-making. In sum, my findings suggest that international law can
play important roles in world politics and the use of force by states, but it is unclear whether these effects are attributable to an
obligatory quality in law.
(source: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.618545, accessed 14 December 2015).
RIDEOUT, Wayne, Superintendent, and Superintendent Wade Blizard, "Assistance to the Department of National Defence The Canadian Forces Provost Marshall -- Canadian Forces Detainees in Afghanistan", RCMP Document, 29 June 2007, document number B-17, receipt date: 9/7/07; Military Police Complaints Commission, 9 July 2007, vol. Operations, File number: 2007-006, document number: 13987; available at http://www.afghanistan.gc.ca/canada-afghanistan/assets/pdfs/docs/362/poa_391.pdf (accessed on 28 December 2011);
RIDLINGTON, Roy James, former JAG officer, biographical notes:
Roy Ridlington served for more than two decades with the Canadian Army and the Canadian Forces in the role of Military Recruiter,
Transport Officer and Military Lawyer. He received his law degree from the University of New Brunswick in 1977, and is a member
of both the Law Society of Prince Edward Island and the Law Society of New Brunswick. From 1977 to 1983, he served as Deputy
Judge Advocate at CFB Gagetown and then at CFB Halifax. In 1983, he was appointed Assistant Area Advocate with the Bureau
of Pensions Advocates at Veterans Affairs Canada. In 1985, he was promoted to Area Advocate, a position he held until 1999. From
1999 until his retirement in 2009, he was a Legal Advisor for both the Department of Veterans Affairs’ benefits adjudicators and, most
recently, the Veterans Review and Appeal Board. He also served on the Board of Directors of the Professional Institute of the Public
Service of Canada, a major federal government employees’ union. Roy Ridlington lives in Summerside, PE.
[source: http://www.policecommissioner.pe.ca/index.php3?number=news&dept=&newsnumber=6653&lang=E, accessed 28 December 2015]
Image source: https://www.smashwords.com/profile/view/wolfriedel, accessed 15 February 2017
RIEDEL, Wolf, Blog on "Re: Judge Advocate General has gone 3 years without filing reports to Def Minister", available at http://army.ca/forums/index.php?topic=115252.0 (accessed 15 February 2017);
Okay. Time to throw a few facts into the mix.
First of all has anyone ever read these reports? Notwithstanding that they are statutorily mandated (and yes I do know what that means
and what should happen) very few people look at these things. They mostly get a superficial review to see if there is anything exciting
in them (which there never is) and then get shelved.
Again if you read these things you will see that about 80% of them is boilerplate stuff that one can mostly cut and paste from the previous
years review. The remaining 20% is justice system statistics. These are very manpower intensive in collecting. The court martial ones aren't
too difficult but the summary trial ones are very hard to get from the units notwithstanding that there is a mandate that they send them
to their AJAGs in a timely manner.
When I worked in Ottawa from 2006 to 2009 on the JAG's Comprehensive Information Management System one of my mandates was to
produce a system that automated the gathering of mil justice statistics. Unfortunately by the time that I left the project due to CRA, the
system was not completed and in fact the contract for the key component that would allow gathering statistics (the case management
system) fell through (after two years in the tendering system) and it didn't look like the contract could be revived within the projects lifetime.
My successor was left in the unfortunate situation of having to see what (if anything) could be done to create a case management system
out of the toolsets which we had obtained for both the Records and Knowledge Management Systems.
I don't want to be seen as making excuses here but over the last two decades the demand for legal services from the field (which includes
JAG's clients in Ottawa) has expanded tremendously and while the legal branch had grown, demand for services outstrips the resources
available. There is, IMHO, a significant shortfall in support staff, within the office of the JAG (Civilian lawyers generally work on a one
lawyer to one support staff ratio while within JAG the ratio is frequently 5 or 6 legal officers per support staff) The result is that legal
officers spend valuable hours doing necessary clerical which takes away from their providing legal advice. When a General or the
Minister calls a legal officer he wants a legal opinion RFN, not some time down the road. As a result the entire office works on priorities
which often requires that tasks of a lesser priority get set aside.
Please remember that the CoC understands this, has been told about the delays and accepts the situation. This news article didn't arise
because the Minister or the CDS said "Hey where's our report?". This article comes as a result of the usual gang of critics who make it
their mission in life to make a fuss over things which (again notwithstanding their statutory necessity) have really very little importance
in the real world.
One further comment; the Office of the JAG does not sit in judgement of others - that's the role of the Office of the Chief Military Judge
who does not belong to JAG, DMP or DDCS.
One last comment; I know Blaise Cathcart personally. He's earned his promotion.
RING, Thomas J., Civil-Military Relations in Canada: A 'Cluster Theory' Explanation , thesis submitted to the Division of Graduate Studies of the Royal Military College of Canada in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in War Studies, April 2009, x, 145 leaves; available at http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/thesescanada/vol2/002/MR53135.PDF (accessed on 13 March 2012);
Clive Rippon, 2nd row, second from the right, image from McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, supra, at p. 93.
RIPPON, Clive L. (Clive Langley), 1921-2008, The legal status of military air transport, LL.M. McGill University, 1957, xvi, 224,  leaves (series; McGill University Institute of Air and Space Law);
Clive Langley Rippon
___________Biographical notes -- obituary--Clive Langley Rippon;
RIPPON, Clive Langley It is with great sadness that we announce the passing of Lt. Col. (retd) Clive L. Rippon, DFC, CD3 on March 4, 2008,
in Victoria, British Columbia. Born on April 7, 1921, in Coventry, England, Clive attended Coventry Preparatory School and Rugby School,
OTC. In 1939 he enlisted in the RAF, and trained as an Air Observer, Navigator, Bomb Aimer, and joined 23(F) Sqdn., flying night intruder
operations over Europe. In 1943 he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and in that year was posted to Calgary, Alberta, for Pilot
training and operation rest. He met and on February 25, 1944, married Marion E. Simpson of Drumheller, Alberta. In March 1944, he
returned to the UK. He was posted to 116 Squadron operating in France on D Day and on to Arnhem in support of ground forces. In
1945 he was posted to 575(T) squadron flying DC3s out of Bari, Italy. In 1946 he was posted to 216(T) squadron based at Almaza,
Egypt, flying freight and passengers to the UK, West Africa, Nairobi, Kenya, Karachi, India, the Middle East and Mediterranean
destinations. In 1948 he immigrated to Canada and transferred from the RAF to the RCAF. He attended Dalhousie Law School in
Halifax, Nova Scotia, graduating with an LLB in 1952. He joined the Office of the Judge Advocate General in Ottawa, Ontario. He
obtained his LLM from McGill University, in Montreal. Between 1958-1962 he served as Deputy Judge Advocate in Metz, France
and Soest, Germany. Upon return to Canada, he was posted to Halifax, St. Hubert, Ottawa, and finally as AJAG and Military Judge in
Victoria, sitting as Judge at different courts martial in Canada, Europe, Cyprus, Malta, and the UK. In the seventies, he transferred from
CF Regular to Reserve Force for call out duties, spent one year in private practice, and was appointed Counsel to the British Columbia
Royal Commission on Electoral Reform, and Chairman of the Federal Penitentiary Disciplinary Courts. In 1981 he retired after serving
43 years in the military and 20 years with the penitentiary service. Clive was predeceased by his parents, Col. The Reverend William
Rippon and Malvina. He is survived by his wife, Marion; daughter, Michelle Rippon, an attorney in Asheville, North Carolina (Larry Farr);
sons, David Rippon (Daphne), Novato, California, and Dr. Tom Rippon (Judy), Victoria; sisters, Rosemary Rippon, Halifax, and Patricia
Lyell, Bath, England; grandson, Patrick, California; granddaughter, Victoria Miller (Cam), Mankato, Minnesota; great-grandchildren, Rose
and Jacob Miller; nephew, Robert Lyell, France; and niece, Susie Bancroft (Andy), Bath. A memorial service will be held at St. John the
Divine Anglican Church, 1611 Quadra Street, Victoria, on Friday, April 11, 2008 at 2:00 pm. In lieu of flowers, donations are gratefully
accepted to the BCSPCA or the BC Heart and Stroke Foundation. He will always be our hero. 450929. [By Times Colonist (Victoria); see also http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/timescolonist/obituary.aspx?n=Clive-Langley-Rippon&pid=105325241,
accessed 13 February 2016]
Glen Rippon, image source: http://www.namaoflyingclub.com/club.php?page=board, accessed on 23 April 2014
RIPPON, Major Glen, "Message from the Chair" (December/Décembre
2001) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire
2; available at http://web.archive.org/web/20050125074904/http://dev.cba.org/CBA/Sections/military/swordscalenov2001.pd
19 April 2012);
RIPPON, Major Glen, "Précis : Message du président" (December/Décembre 2001) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 2; disponible à http://web.archive.org/web/20050125074904/http://dev.cba.org/CBA/Sections/military/swordscalenov2001.pd (site visité le 19 avril 2012);
___________"Message from the Chair: While nullifying the trial judge's decision on procedural grounds, the CMAC went on to reject the trial judge's s. 7 Charter analysis, pointing out that mere risk to life or security of the person is not sufficient to invalidate orders" (May/Mai 2002) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 2; available at http://web.archive.org/web/20050125112748/http://dev.cba.org/CBA/Sections/military/swordscaleapril2002.pdf (accessed on 19 April 2012);
___________"Précis : Message du président" (May/Mai 2002) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 2; disponible à http://web.archive.org/web/20050125112748/http://dev.cba.org/CBA/Sections/military/swordscaleapril2002.pdf (site visité le 19 avril 2012);
Image source: http://www.thecourt.ca/about-the-staff/, accessed 20 December 2015.
RITA, Zinejda, "R. v. Moriarity: Reconfirming the Jurisdiction of Court Martial in Canada:, http://www.thecourt.ca, 25 November 2015; available at http://www.thecourt.ca/2015/11/25/r-v-moriarity-reconfirming-the-jurisdiction-of-court-martial-in-canada/ (accessed 1 December 2015);
Image, accessed on 21 May
RITCHIE, Andrew R., Watchdog:
A History of the Canadian Provost Corps, Burlington
(Ontario): Canadian Provost Corps Association, 1995, xiii, 334 p.,
ISBN: 0969964706; title noted in my research
but book not consulted yet (15 December 2011);
Source: http://www.scc-csc.ca/court-cour/judges-juges/image-eng.aspx?id=roland-almon-ritchie, accessed 16 August 2016
Roland Almon Ritchie, Credit: Al Blair, photographer
National Film Board - Library and Archives Canada Collection (1990-295, # PC23C)
RITCHIE, The Honourable Roland Almon, biographical notes,
The Honourable Roland Almon Ritchie
Roland Almon Ritchie was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, on June 19, 1910. He was the son of William Bruce Almon Ritchie and
Lillian Stewart. After graduating from the University of King's College with a B.A. in 1930, he went to Oxford University, where
he earned a further B.A. in 1932. He returned to Halifax and was called to the bar in 1934. He practised law for a few years with
Stewart, Smith, MacKeen & Rogers, then enlisted in the armed forces and went overseas during the Second World War. From
1941 to 1944, he served as Assistant Deputy Judge Advocate with the Third Canadian Division. Upon his
return to Canada, he resumed his practice in Halifax and helped found the law firm of Daley, Phinney & Ritchie. He also
lectured on insurance law at Dalhousie University for 12 years and acted as counsel to the royal commission on the terms of
Newfoundland's union with Canada in 1949. On May 5, 1959, he was appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada. He served
on the Court for 25 years, retiring on October 31, 1984. Justice Ritchie died on June 5, 1988, at the age of 77.
(source: http://www.scc-csc.ca/court-cour/judges-juges/bio-eng.aspx?id=roland-almon-ritchie, accessed 16 August 2016)
RITHOF, Joseph, "Child soldiers: Should they be punished?" (May/Mail 2009) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire;
available at http://www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters-sections/2009/PrintHTML.aspx?DocId=37322#top
(accessed on 28 April 2012);
RITHOF, Joseph, "Faut-il punir les enfants soldats?" (May/Mai 2009) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; disponible à http://www.cba.org/abc/nouvelles-sections/2009/2009-05_military.aspx et http://www.cba.org/abc/nouvelles-sections/2009/2009-05_military.aspx#article2 (site visité le 28 avril 2012);
RMCCLUB, "11027 Ken Watkin award winning author on the international stage", 7 May 2017, available at http://everitas.rmcclub.ca/11027-ken-watkin-award-winning-author-on-the-international-stage/ (accessed 9 May 2017);
As was announced at the American Society of International Law Annual Meeting held in Washington D.C., 12-15 April, 11027
Brigadier-General (Ret’d) Ken Watkin’s book, “Fighting at the Legal Boundaries: Controlling the Use of Force in Contemporary
Conflict”, https://global.oup.com/academic/product/fighting-at-the-legal-boundaries-9780190457976?cc=ca&lang=en& has been
awarded the 2017 Francis Leiber Prize.
The prize is awarded annually by the Lieber Society on the Law of Armed Conflict to the author of a book which the judges
consider to be outstanding in the field of law and armed conflict.
"RMC Ex-Cadets currently with JAG", What’s
Happening At RMC Posted by rmcclub
on April 14th, 2009, available at http://everitas.rmcclub.ca/?s&paged=255
(accessed on 29 June 2014);
11027 Brigadier-General Ken Watkin, O.M.M., C.D., Q.C. (RMC 1976) .....
RMC graduates are well represented within the Judge Advocate General branch. The following Ex-Cadets are currently serving as JAG officers throughout the CF – our apologies if we missed anyone:
20103 Maj E. Charland; 15788 LCol M. Gendron; 14435 LCol M. Gibson;10953 Maj R. Henderson;
17344 Maj R. Holman;12188 LCdr G. Killaby; 19210 Maj A. Koskie;15519 LCdr Sandra MacLeod;
16004 Maj T. McLeod; M0729; LCdr M. Paillé; 20514 Maj K. Reichert; 16141 Maj J. Simpson;
19413 Maj C. Smith; 16149 Maj R. Stoney; 17395 Maj A. Tamburro; and 18278 LCdr B. Walden
Photo of Kent Roach, reproduced from http://www.law.utoronto.ca/faculty-staff/full-time-faculty/kent-roach (accessed on 31 March 2014)
ROACH, Kent W., The 9/11
effect: comparative counter-terrorism, Cambridge/New
York: Cambridge University Press, xiv, 477 p., ISBN: 9781107006164
and 9780521185059 (pbk.); available in part at http://books.google.ca/books?id=meZDxEpBAjsC&pg=PA389&lpg=PA389&dq=%22National+defence+act%22&source=bl&ots=rh6SchtFo5&sig=icyuZTW4ajEtKZvcJ2OVWLaF2D4&hl
=en&sa=X&ei=ud0BUP7bOIrH6gHjm_HxBg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22National%20defence%20act%22&f=false (accessed on 15 July 2012);
____________"Editorial: Calling Out the Troops", (2003) 48(2) The Criminal Law Quarterly 141-143; note: this editorial is signed "K.R." and Kent W. Roach is the Managing Editor; available at http://www.law.utoronto.ca/documents/Roach/_48CLQ1.pdf (accessed on 7 March 2012);
___________"The law working itself pure? The Canadian experience with exceptional courts and Guantánamo" in Fionnuala Ni Aoláin and Oren Gross, eds., Guantanamo and Beyond Exceptional Courts and Military Commissions in Comparative Perspective, New York, NY : Cambridge University Press, 2013, xxii, 385 pages ; 24 cm, ISBN: 9781107009219 (hardback); 1107009219 (hardback); 9781107401686 (pbk.); 1107401682 (pbk.);
___________"Police Independence, The Military Police and Bill
C-41", University of Toronto, 14 January 2011, available at http://www.mpcc-cppm.gc.ca/alt_format/1100/1102-eng.pdf
(accessed on 3 June 2011);
___________"L'indépendance de la police, la police militaire et le projet de loi C-41", traduction vérifiée par la Commission et non par l'auteur, Université de Toronto, 14 janvier 2011, 36 p., disponible à http://www.mpcc-cppm.gc.ca/alt_format/1100/1102-fra.pdf (vérifié le 3 juin 2011);
___________"Police Independence and the Military Police",
available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1888517
(accessed on 26 July 2011); now published at (2011) 49(1)
Osgoode Hall Law Journal
117-149, available at http://ohlj.ca/english/documents/ART_Roach.pdf
(accessed on 27 November 2011);
ROBB, Anthony, "An Unfortunately Popular Aversion to Truthful Feedback within the CAF", (Autumn 2015) 15(4) Canadian Military Journal 49-54; available at http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vol15/no4/pdf/CMJ154E.pdf (accessed 30 October 2015);
ROBB, Anthony, "Une malheureuse aversion généralisée à l'égard de la rétroaction sincère dans les Forces armées canadiennes" (automne 2015) 15(4) Revue militaire canadienne 48-54; disponible à http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vol15/no4/pdf/CMJ154F.pdf (vérifié 30 octobre 2015);
ROBERT, Véronique, "Le viol de Caporale V...", 6 mars 2013, disponible à http://voir.ca/veronique-robert/2013/03/06/le-viol-de-caporale-v/ (vérifié le 31 juillet 2015);
Valérie* est militaire. Le 15 décembre 2011, elle a été agressée sexuellement. Dans un manège militaire. Par son adjudant.
Me Robert, s’il y a une chose qui n’effrait pas les procureurs militaire, c’est d’obtenir une condamnation en Cour martiale.
Toutefois, ils sont d’une grande prudence avant de porter des accusations, ayant des standards très élevés en ce qui a trait
à la probabilité d’obtenir une condamnation. On exige d’eux presqu’une certitude d’obtenir une condamnation avant de
porter des accusation. Je vous invite à regarder le taux de condamnation en Cour martiale pour vous en convaincre… près
de 95% des procès en Cour martiale se soldent par des verdicts de culpabilité. Souvent, on reproche justement à la justice
militaire d’obtenir trop de condamnation en terme de pourcentage…
ROBERTS, Leslie, There Shall Be Wings: A History of the Royal Canadian Air Force, Toronto: Clarke, Irwin and Co., 1959;
ROBERTS-SMITH, L., "A Nettle Grasped Lightly: The Introduction of the Australian Military Court. Address to the 2007 Judicial Conference, Washington DC 17 May 2007 U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces by Major General The Hon Justice L. Roberts‑Smith, Judge Advocate General – Australian Defence Force", (2007) 174 Australian Defence Force Journal 53-70; available at http://www.adfjournal.adc.edu.au/UserFiles/issues/174%202005%20Sep_Oct.pdf (accessed on 28 February 2014);
___________Letter to The Secretary, Senate Foreign Affairs Defence and Trade References Committee of Australia on "Submission Relating to the Committee's Inquiry into the Effectiveness of Australia's Military Justice System", 2014; available at http://www.defence.gov.au/oscdf/jag/papers/20040216_emjs_jagsubmission.pdf (accessed on 1 may 2014); deals extensively with Canadian military law;
ROCKLIFFE, Amber, "Veterans devastated after pension payouts plummet", Global News, 21 August 2013, available at http://globalnews.ca/news/791818/veterans-devastated-after-pension-payouts-plummet/ (accessed 18 March 2017); HAS VIDEO; two still images posted;
SASKATOON – Jay Jorgensen feels he’s been betrayed by the Department of National Defence after finding
out his estimated pension amount was nearly half what he expected it to be.
And that’s why, when given the option to cash half of his veteran’s pension, he took it, comfortable with the
amount that was estimated to him.
Both vets have spent hours on the phone trying to get answers. Both have been told the shocking drops are due to market
Osler, Hoskin & Harcourt LLP Lawyer Jana Steele deals with pensions on a daily basis. She said such a drop is unusual.
“In our experience, in a short period of time after the estimate, there usually would not be a significant fluctuation generally
speaking, but subject to any other actuarial considerations that may be at play here.”
Global News reached out to the Department of National Defence, and after several days and dozens of emails back and forth,
by late Tuesday afternoon, the department had this to say:
“We will continue to do our due diligence and investigate this matter internally to ensure the members are provided the
support they require.”
The veterans plan to continue fighting the government for answers, so future service members don’t face the same losses.
Image source: https://ca.linkedin.com/in/dave-rogalsky-39678a22, accessed 21 August 2016
ROGALSKY, Dave, "PeaceQuest challenges Canada to sign Small Arms Treaty", (16 February 2015) Canadian Mennonite 26; available at http://www.canadianmennonite.org/sites/default/files/past-issues/19-04small_468_2015-02-16.pdf (accessed 21 August 2016);
PeaceQuest challenges Canada to sign Small Arms Treaty
KITCHENER, ONT.—A new peace group in Waterloo Region gathered at Kitchener
City Hall on Jan. 19 to highlight the fact that the Canadian government has yet to sign
the Small Arms Treaty and to begin a local petition to have people encourage the gov-
ernment to do so. Roger Albrecht of the new PeaceQuest group, pictured, addressed
the group. As the photo illustrates, the group chose Martin Luther King Day to begin
its public work. The treaty is an attempt to ensure that conventional weapons are not
transferred to those who would violate international human rights or humanitarian
law, engage in acts of genocide or crimes against humanity, or facilitate terrorist
attacks. Canada is the only NATO country that has refused to sign it, even though
Canada voted to approve the text of the treaty back in April 2013. By now refusing to
sign it and bring it to Parliament for ratification, some believe Canada appears to be
backing the only three states that voted against it: North Korea, Iran and Syria. “That
doesn’t send a good message to the global community about Canada’s commitment
towards working for peace,” said PeaceQuest coordinator Emily Mining.
ROGERS, Bill, "Going to War in the Courtroom", (2007) 31(7) Can. Law. 18-19; title noted
in my research on 21 March 2012 but article not consulted yet;
ROGERS, Chris, "Addressing Civilian Harm in Afghanistan : Policies & Practices of International Forces", CIVIC (Campaign for Innocent Victims in Conflict), 2010, 15 p., and see Canada at p. 11; available at http://civiliansinconflict.org/uploads/files/publications/Addressing_civilian_harm_white_paper_2010.pdf (accessed 20 April 2015); NOTE: "All information from interview with MAJ Michael McCarthy, Canadian Legal Advisor Kandahar, March 11, 2010, email"
Canada provides ex-gratia payments for civilian property loss, injury or death caused by Cana-dian forces. In the case of damage to real property, Canadian forces accept documents attestingto ownership signed by local elders. There must also be evidence that Canadian forces causedthe damage or harm. Payment will also be made in cases where harm was suffered during jointANA-Canadian operations and it is unclear which force was responsible.Full compensation is not the goal of the ex-gratia payments, though the Canadian forces claimthey try to compensate for most of the losses suffered. There are no standardized amounts, butthere are upper limits on what forces in the field are authorized to provide. Factors consideredin cases of personal injury or loss include family situation and lost earnings. Canadian forcesalso rely on local monetary values to estimate appropriate amounts on a case-by-case basis.Canada has declined to disclose what the ranges or upper limits on payments are, however,the Canadian Legal Advisor in Kandahar is only authorized to approve payments up to 2,000
CAN (approximately 1,960 USD). Above that amount, approval from Ottawa is required, whichcan take weeks or months. In almost all cases of personal injury or death, because the amount
claimed is above 2,000 CAN, approval will be delayed by the need to get approval from Ottawa.
ROONEY, Robert, former JAG officer, now Legal director at Legal Aid Saskatchewan, see https://ca.linkedin.com/in/robert-rooney-4b2171117 (accessed 17 June 2017);
ROSSIGNOL, Michel, 1949-, International Conflicts: Parliament, the National Defence Act, and the Decision to Participate, [Ottawa]: Library of Parliament, Research Branch, 1992, 23 p. (series; Background Paper; BP-303E); available at http://publications.gc.ca/Collection-R/LoPBdP/BP/bp303-e.htm (accessed on 9 January 2012);
ROSSIGNOL, Michel, 1949-, Conflits internationaux, le rôle du Parlement, la Loi sur la défense nationale et la décision d'envoyer des troupes, Ottawa: Bibliothèque du Parlement, Service de la recherche, 1992, 23 p., (Collection; Étude générale; BP-303F), disponible à http://publications.gc.ca/Collection-R/LoPBdP/BP/bp303-f.htm (vérifié le 9 janvier 2012);
___________ National Defence Act: Reform of the military justice system, Ottawa: Library of Parliament, Research Branch (Political and Social Affairs Division), -, (revised 22 January 1997) 15 p.; 28 cm. (Series; Current issue review; 96-1E), ISSN: 1483-1864, available at http://dsp-psd.tpsgc.gc.ca/Collection-R/LoPBdP/CIR/961-e.htm (accessed on 9 July 2008); Research Note by François Lareau: The bibliography at pp. 14-15 lists several newspaper articles;
___________La Loi sur la défense nationale et la réforme de la justice militaire, Ottawa : Bibliothèque du Parlement, Service de recherche, -, (révisé le 22 janvier 1997), 16 p. ; 28 cm. (Collection; Bulletin d'actualité; 96-1F), ISSN: 1483-1910; Note de recherche de François Lareau: La bibliographie aux pp. 15-16 énumère plusieurs articles de journaux; disponible à http://dsp-psd.tpsgc.gc.ca/Collection-R/LoPBdP/CIR/961-f.htm (vérifié le 9 juillet 2008); aussi disponible à http://publications.gc.ca/collections/Collection-R/LoPBdP/CIR-f/961-f.pdf (vérifié le 10 juin 2013);
ROUILLARD, Louis-Philippe F., "Canada's prevention and repression
of war crimes", (2005) 2 Miskolc
Journal of International Law 43-58; available at http://www.uni-miskolc.hu/~wwwdrint/MJIL3/20051rouillard1.pdf
(accessed on 18 January 2012);
___________"The Enlargement of Human Rights in 'Situations of Exceptions' "(2007) 4(1) Miskolc Journal of International Law 39-94; available at http://www.uni-miskolc.hu/~wwwdrint/MJIL9/20071rouillard1.pdf (accessed on 21 May 2012);
___________"Ethics, Human Rights, and the Law of Armed Conflict
", Canadian Military Journal, volume 12, number 1, available at http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vol12/no1/06-rouillard-eng.asp (accessed on 28 February 2012);
___________"Éthique, droits de la personne et droit des conflits armées", Revue militaire canadienne, volume 12, numéro 1, disponible à http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vol12/no1/06-rouillard-fra.asp (visité le 28 février 2012);
___________"Misinterpreting the Prohibition of Torture under International Law: The Office of Legal Counsel Memorandum", (2005) 21(9) Am. U. Int'l L. Rev. 9-41; available at http://auilr.org/pdf/21/21-1-3.pdf (accessed on 28 February 2012);
Image source: http://www.lybrary.com/precise-of-the-laws-of-armed-conflicts-p-397880.html, accessed 2 February 2015
________________________Precise of the Laws of Armed Conflicts, 2nd ed., Budapest, 2007, 324 p.; available at http://www.jak.ppke.hu/tanszek/doktori/letolt/p.pdf (accessed on 28 February 2012); important contribution!
Roussel, source de l'image: http://www.cirricq.org/chercheurs/profil/index.php?id=stro,
visité 11 février 2015
ROUSSEL, Stéphane, "Bibliographie: La politique de la sécurité au Canada", UQAM, disponible à http://www.pedc.uqam.ca/IMG/pdf/Bibliographie_210409-2.pdf, http://www.pedc.uqam.ca/pdfs/Website-biblio-v07.pdf (vérifié le 6 janvier 2012);
ROWE, Peter, "Maintaining Discipline in United Nations Peace Support Operations: The Legal Quagmire for Military Contingents", (2000) 5 Journal of Conflict and Security Law 45-62;
___________"Military Misconduct during International Armed Operations: ‘Bad Apples’ or Systemic Failure?" (2008) 13(2) Journal of Conflict and Security Law 165-189;
The various trials of soldiers for the excessive use of force or for the ill-treatment of detained civilians during international armed operations have
attracted considerable publicity. The explanation frequently given by senior commanders is that misconduct of this type can be explained by seeing
the alleged culprits as ‘bad apples’ and, once they are removed, the military system should be able to operate without further incidents of serious
wrongdoing. This article explores why the various forms of misconduct take place and, in so doing, it considers the effectiveness of training, the
effect on the soldier of any uncertainty of action, command failures and group influences. The action likely to be taken (or not taken) by way of
legal or other proceedings against both soldiers and their commanders is assessed. The article concludes by taking the position that whilst the
‘bad apple’ theory might explain why some, but not all, soldiers engage in military misconduct during armed operations it fails to address the more
important systemic issue, namely, whether adequate training and effective command responsibility can control such conduct. It argues for the need,
on the part of military commanders, to reduce uncertainty of action or conduct to its irreducible minimum (through measures to counteract the
causes of misconduct discussed in the article). This may then prove to be the key to reducing the need to rely predominantly on taking legal
proceedings against individual soldiers in a search for alleged ‘bad apples’.
(source: http://jcsl.oxfordjournals.org/content/13/2/165.abstract?sid=c055bd3e-09b0-4e04-b898-ee3f4fdd2a51, accessed 2 February 2015)
ROY, Dorothée, 1979-, Analyse
de la politique étrangère : application du modèle
poly-heuristique à la décision canadienne d'intervenir en
Afghanistan, Thèse (M.A.), Université Laval, 2006, 128
feuilles; disponible à http://www.theses.ulaval.ca/2006/23651/23651.pdf
(vérifié le 8 novembre 2013);
Source de l'image pour Gabriel Roy: (2007) 1 JAG Les actualités -- Newsletter 27.
ROY, Gabriel, "Une expérience de vie pleine d'ambiguïtés et de contradictions [en Afghanistan]", (2007) 1 JAG Les actualités -- Newsletter 27;
ROYAL MILITARY COLLEGE OF CANADA, Graduate Studies Calendar 2011-2012, Academic Units -- Faculty of Arts, Department of Defense Studies;
Military law in Canada has evolved historically, legally, and
organizationally to meet the specific needs of the Canadian
and reflect broader changes in Canadian society. This course examines the state of Canadian military law from the past to the
present day, with particular emphasis on the balance between operational requirements and the primacy of civilian control in
a parliamentary democracy. (source: http://www.rmc.ca/aca/ac-pe/gsc-adc/au-ua/fa/ds-ed-eng.asp#ds519, accessed on 27 February 2012)
COLLÈGE MILITAIRE ROYAL DU CANADA, Annuaire des études supérieures 2011-2012, Faculté des arts, Département des études de la défense;
image source: http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2015/03/crossed-sabres-in-ottawa.html, accessed 23 January 2016
Photo of Michel Tremblay (Photo: Louise Bilodeau), reproduced form (1999) 4 JAG Newsletter 30
RUEL, Sylvie, "Michel Tremblay, en Bosnie-Herzégovine: Conseiller juridique de la SFOR", (15 novembre 1999) 31(19) Journal du Barreau du Québec; disponible à http://www.barreau.qc.ca/pdf/journal/vol31/no19/aventure.html (vérifié le 31 juillet 2012); aussi publié dans (October-December 1999) 4 JAG Newsletter -- Bulletin d'actualités 30-31;
---------Image source: JAG Les actualités /Newsletter, volume 1, 2006 at p. 10, accessed 27 November 2016
RUSSELL, Anthony, biographical notes (not necessarily written by
Le Capc Russell est Juge-avocat adjoint à Montréal depuis 2010. Membre du Barreau du Québec depuis 1992, détenteur d’un baccalauréat
en droit et d’une maîtrise en droit commercial international, il s’est s’enrôlé dans les Forces canadiennes en 2003 après avoir exercé le droit
au ministère de la Justice du Québec et au ministère des Relations internationales du Québec. Il a ensuite été conseiller juridique au Cabinet
du Conseiller juridique du ministère de la Défense nationale et des Forces canadiennes (2003), au Bureau d’étude juridique militaire à
Kingston (2006-2007) et au Centre de droit militaire des Forces canadiennes (2007), en plus d’enseigner au Collège militaire royal de
Kingston (2005-2010). Au cours de sa carrière, il a été déployé à Sarajevo (2006), en République démocratique du Congo (2008-2009) et en
Afghanistan (2011). Pour plus d'information, consultez la biographie du Capc Russell.
Image source:forces.gc.ca/fr/nouvelles/article.page?doc=des-nouvelles-de-la-region-du-quebec-avril-2015/i8oa1nfm, accessed 16 March 2017
___________Note on Anthony Russell, détail d'une photo de Anthony Russel dans un article, Défense nationale et les Forces armées canadiennes, "Des nouvelles de la région de Québec -- avril 2015";
Le 17 mars 2015, le Capitaine de corvette Anthony Russel, juge-avocat adjoint Montréal, s’adresse aux invités et membres de la Clinique
internationale de droit pénal et humanitaire de l’Université Laval. Photo : Marie-Anne Jutras, BAPDN-RQ(article 6 de 9).
Russell, Jesse and Ronald Cohn, Ken Watkin, Book on Demand, 2012, 74 p., ISBN: 5510984902 and 9785510984903;
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Brigadier General Kenneth "Ken" Watkin, OMM, CD, QC
(born 1954) was Judge Advocate General (JAG) of the Canadian Forces from 2006 to 2010. He is an expert
on military law. (source: google.ca/books?id=ekVyMAEACAAJ&dq=canadian+military+law+google+books&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjN64_4oo
7TAhUlyoMKHSidDx84HhDoAQg6MAY, accessed 6 Apr 2017)
RUTKUS, Paul, "The Battle of the Windmill: Genesis of unlawful combatant trials in Canada" (May/Mail 2009) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; available at http://www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters-sections/2009/PrintHTML.aspx?DocId=37322#top and http://www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters-sections/2009/PrintHTML.aspx?DocId=37322#article6 and http://www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters-sections/pdf/05-09-military_1.pdf (accessed on 28 April 2012);
RUTKUS, Paul, "La Bataille du Moulin-à-Vent : genèse du traitement judiciaire des combattants illégaux au Canada" (May/Mai 2009) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; disponible à http://www.cba.org/abc/nouvelles-sections/2009/2009-05_military.aspx et http://www.a.org/acbbc/nouvelles-sections/2009/2009-05_military.aspx#article1 (site visité le 28 avril 2012);
___________"Licensing of Armed Force: NATO's Attack Upon Yugoslavia" 33 U.N.L.Rep. 117 (John Carey ed., 1999); title noted in my research but article not consulted yet, https://books.google.ca/books?id=RvAYn7ufhEkC&pg=RA1-PA155&lpg=RA1-PA155&dq=paul+rutkus&source=bl&ots=BnKEaKJmlw&sig=UboVau7T-umIvBBFzkLaWWSk5YE&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjAm9zrn4_TAhVs5oMKHbl5CKwQ6AEIUDAJ#v=onepage&q=paul%20rutkus&f=false accessed 6 April 2017;
___________"NATO's Attack on Yugoslavia: The Deputation of an Ad Hoc International Constabulary", chapter 7, pp. 211-226 in John Carey, 1924-, William V. Dunlap and R. John Pritchard, International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 3, Prospects, Ardsley, N.Y. : Transnational Publishers, 2006;
___________"POE 488A Law of Armed Conflict, Department of Political and Economic Science", Spring 2010 Syllabus, 9 pages; available at http://www.davidmlast.org/Politics_Review/Politics_Courses_files/POE%20488%20-%20RUTKUS.pdf (accessed 21 June 2015); note Professor Paul T. Rutkus is described as a LCdr at the CF Military Law Centre, Canadian Defence Academy;
The principle aim of this course is to introduce the student to the complex area of international law regarding armed conflict. This subject comprises
two separate bodies of rules governing the actions of states in armed conflict often referred to as the Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC). The first body
of rules, referred to as jus ad bellum (the law before war), governs the legality of a state’s resort to use force. The second body of rules, jus in bello
(the law in war), regulates conduct of hostilities once armed conflict has commenced. The body of rules contained in jus in bello is also referred to as
International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and sometimes as the Law of War (LOW). The body of jus in bello rules will be the primary focus of this course.
Image source: http://cbanational.rogers.dgtlpub.com/2010/2010-12-31/pdf/profile.pdf, accessed 9 January 2016)
Photo of Ken Watkin
RYAN, Patti, "A leader for his times -- Retired Judge Advocate
General Ken Watkin on the fight for justice in a volatile world
and the importance of dreaming big", (December 2010) National
41-43; available at http://cbanational.rogers.dgtlpub.com/2010/2010-12-31/pdf/profile.pdf
(accessed 17 February 2015);
For a military lawyer just starting out, the notion of a term as JAG may seem like pie in the sky. But the key, says Watkin, is to keep dreaming big.
“Never feel constrained by where you are now and where you think you want to go,” he says, by way of advice to those new to the profession.
“Be inquisitive. Treat people fairly. And never accept the idea that ‘That’s the way we’ve always done it.’ That drives me crazy.”
RYCKEWAERT, Laura, "Cudmore takes on policy director role in Defence Minister’s Sajjan’s office. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has also made some staff changes in the PMO", The Hill's Times, Monday, 27 March 2017; see http://www.hilltimes.com/2017/03/27/cudmore-takes-policy-director-role-defence-ministers-office/100725 (accessed 28 March 2017);
Image source: https://ca.linkedin.com/in/jim-rycroft-4414917a, accessed 30 August 2016
RYCROFT, Jim, former JAG Officer, 1981-2002;