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updated and corrections / mises à jour et corrections: 8 April 2023

Military Law -- Part II

Bibliography H to L /

Droit militaire canadien -- Partie II
Bibliographie H à L


Other sites on Canadian military law

Part II -- Bibliography: A-B--C-D--E-G--H-L--M-R--S-Z

Part I  --  Canadian Military Law -- Miscellaneous

- Blog

- Somalia Inquiry & Government Reaction
      -  1995-1997: Somalia Inquiry
Departmental Reaction to Somalia Inquiry
      -  Special Advisory Group on Military Justice and Military Police Investigation Services
          January 1997 to July 1997
-  The Special Senate Committee on the Canadian Airborne Regiment in Somalia (April 1997)
The Report to the Prime Minister on the Leadership and Management of the Canadian Forces (March 1997)
Minister's Monitoring Committee on Change in the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces (October 1997 to 1999)
Bill C-25--An Act to amend the National Defence Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts
(Royal Assent, 10 December 1998)
2003 -- Five Year Review of Bill C-25
      - 2011 -- Second Five Year Review of Bill C-25

Governments Bills 1999-2012 on National Defence Act

- Current Affairs -- Sexual Misconduct

- Court Martial Comprehensive Review 2016-2017

- JAG & DND Web Sites

- Laws, Regulations and Orders

Superseded Legislation

- Web Sites of Interest


Starting here:

Bibliography H to L  /
Bibliographie H à L


Photo Source: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/authors/tu-thanh-ha, accessed 5 Ocober 2016
Tu Thanh Ha

HA, Tu Thanh, "Officer's complaint a royal pain, judge says", The Globe and Mail, published last updated Monday, Mar. 30, 2009, available at http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/officers-complaint-a-royal-pain-judge-says/article1050941/  (accessed 5 October 2016); see the decision of the Federal Court at Giolla Chainnigh v. Canada (Attorney General), 2008 FC 69 (CanLII) — 2008-01-21;

Outward displays of loyalty to the Queen are fundamental to Canadian military discipline, a judge has ruled, rejecting the complaint of an army officer of Irish ancestry who objected to toasting "an unelected monarch of foreign origin."

Captain Aralt Mac Giolla Chainnigh has campaigned for years to be excused from regimental dinner traditions such as toasting the Queen, saluting the Union Jack or singing God Save the Queen.

However, in a 28-page ruling released yesterday, Mr. Justice Robert Barnes of the Federal Court said confusion would ensue if members of the military could opt out of various protocol requirements.


In his judgment, Judge Barnes wrote that the Chief of the Defence Staff, General Rick Hillier, was right when he decided in August, 2006, to support a grievance board ruling that rejected the captain's claims.

"Whether Capt. Mac Giolla Chainnigh likes it or not, the fact is that the Queen is his Commander-in-Chief and Canada's Head of State," Judge Barnes wrote.


Capt. Mac Giolla Chainnigh, who legally changed his name from Harold Kenny to the Gaelic version, is an associate professor of physics at Royal Military College in Kingston, and a member of the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry.

HAECK, Louis, 1951-, "A Canadian view on ballistic missile proliferation and space defense", Working paper n.98/04, Royal Military College of Canada, Department of Politics and Economics;

__________ "Certains aspects politiques et juridiques de l'utilisation militaire de l'espace", (1997) 36 Mil. L. & L. War Rev. 159;

___________Notes biographiques sur Louis Haeck, disponible à  https://cmea-agmc.ca/sites/default/files/retirements/10.08.Haeck_f.pdf (visité le 7 juillet 2017);

[...] En 1974 il termine ses études en droit et transfère au 51 Bataillon de Services comme capitaine à la compagnie de logistique.
En 1981 il obtient sa maîtrise en droit et est promu major au sein de la 438 escadron de nos Forces aériennes. Il est muté au
quartier général du Groupe de la Réserve Aérienne à Winnipeg, Manitoba jusqu’en 1989 comme officier supérieur d’état-major.
Il obtient son doctorat en droit de McGill la même année pour rejoindre les rangs de l’Agence spatiale canadienne comme
officier de liaison. Il est désigné comme membre de la Commission juridique du CIOR de 1995 à 1998 à Bruxelles, Belgique.
Il a enseigné plusieurs années aux académies militaires alliées en tant que professeur d’études stratégiques dont, le Collège
Militaire Royal, Westpoint et USAF Académie au Colorado et à NORAD.  En 1999 il rejoint les rangs du Groupe des
Communications au quartier général comme expert à la direction spatiale à Ottawa, Ontario. Il est promu lieutenant-colonel
intérimaire en 2001 après avoir réussi le cours de commandement d’état major à Kingston au QGDN. En 2002 il demande,
pour des raisons familiales, un transfert à Montréal au 3e Régiment de Génie comme commandant d’escadron et par la suite
commandant adjoint du Régiment. En 2006 il est le G9 de la 34 Brigade vu son MBA en gestion de risques. En 2007 il revient
au 34 Régiment du Génie de Combat comme officier de liaison et conseiller en éthique et se qualifie comme officier de mesures
de contingence.

 Il a obtenu la prestigieuse bourse de l’OTAN pour son doctorat et en 1991; la bourse postdoctorale du Ministère
de la Défense pour ses recherches en études stratégiques au CMR et de nombreux prix et mérites académiques pour ses publications.
En 2007 il est sélectionné comme officier de développement pour la Fondation des Bourses du Millénaire du Canada.[...]

_________ Les prolégomènes juridiques relatifs à l'utilisation militaire du milieu aéro-spatial par les forces canadiennes, thèse de doctorat, Institut de droit aérien et spatial, Université McGill, mars 1989,  xxi, 606 p., disponible à http://digitool.library.mcgill.ca/R/-?func=dbin-jump-full&current_base=GEN01&object_id=28403 (vérifié le 6 janvier 2012); aussi disponible à http://digitool.library.mcgill.ca/webclient/StreamGate?folder_id=0&dvs=1551469649889~499 (vérifié le 1er mars 2019)

Description: The exploration of space started a long time ago with the inception of civil aviation. This mode of transport very soon became
a matter of great interest to the military. Today our strategists are concerned about the outer space and the limits of our universe. We do not
have an airforce anymore; we have an aerospace force. The first part of this thesis is a study of the air law applicable to the military operations
of our pilots. The study begins with an introduction in the world of the international public law and then moves on to the laws of armed
conflicts. The flight continues with a fly pass over the laws of airwar and, lastly, the Canadian military law. In the second part of the thesis,
we deal with the space law applicable to the military operations in space. We look at the international public law and several multilateral and
bilateral agreements relating to the use of outer space for military activities. We also study specific problems of interest for some military
operations in outer space. Thereafter we analyse some legal implications of the spying in space, space stations and self defence. The Soviets'
doctrine on space laws is explained in chapter eight. After, we do one full orbit around the law of disarmament in outer space and land on the
international order in space in the last chapter to complete our journey in deep space. Lastly, we finally conclude that the military personnel
serving in different aerospace forces need a better "corpus aero-spatialis". We, the jurists, should work to fix the legal limits of military operations
in the air and space environment. Ultimately, we need an international instrument determining the common rules of law of armed conflict for
military personnel serving in their respective aerospace forces. (source: http://primo-pmtna01.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?ct=facet&fctN=facet_rtype
, (accessed 18 August 2016).

___________"Space Law in Military Academics in North America",  (1991) 34 Proc. on L. Outer Space 187;

[Source: https://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.space/pininsl0034&div=35&id=&page=, accessed 6 January 2019]

HAECK, Louis, Michel Bourbonnière,  “Military Aircraft and International Law: Chicago OPUS 3”,  (Summer 2001) 66(3) Journal of Air Law and Commerce 885-978; available at http://scholar.smu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1586&context=jalc (accessed 23 January 2018);

HAECK, Louis, Georgious Leloudas, "Legal aspects of aviation risk management", (2003) 28 Annals of air and space law/Annales de droit aérien et spatial 149–169;

Ross Hainsworth

HAINSWORTH, Ross, former legal officer, court martialed twice; see https://www.facebook.com/ross.hainsworth1 (accessed 2 August 2018);

I was wrongly disbarred by the Law Society of Upper Canada on
March 23,1995. Ever since, the Law Society has covered up its
mistake with the help of the Ontario judiciary. Ontario judges failed
to follow the rule of law by ignoring my uncontested evidence when
I represented myself after my wrongful disbarment. ....

In early 1991, as a defending officer at a court martial I tried to persuade
a witness to give truthful testimony to save my client from a wrongful
conviction on a charge of aggravated assault. My client, Cpl. John Gravline,
was clearly wrongly convicted.

As a result of my conduct, my military career was destroyed by a malicious
Judge Advocate General (Commodore Peter Partner) who sought his revenge
against me for the togue-lashing he got from Justice Muldoon of the Federal Court;
I was illegally re-prosecuted as a civilian under the Canadian military justice
system after my military appeal was allowed on May 12, 1992, (also as a result
of the JAG's malice); federal MPs of all parties ignored my case - I'm sure they
were all covering up the neglect of their leaders; I was wrongly disbarred by the
Law Society of Upper Canada; and I was subjected to a comprehensive failure of
Ontario judges to follow the rule of law after my wrongful disbarment. ....

____________on HAINSWORTH, Captain Ross, 
see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at pages 148-149, available at 103-242;

image source: commonlaw.uottawa.ca/en/people/bindman-stephen, accessed 18 August 2017
Stephen Bindman
___________on  HAINSWORTH,  Ross, see the article by  BINDMAN, Stephen, "[ For the first time, a Canadian military... ]", CanWest News, Jun 2, 1991, p.1; following his conviction, Hainsworth appealed and a new trial was ordered.  He had a second court martial.

Description: Capt. Ross Hainsworth, legal officer at CFB Cold Lake in Alberta, pleaded guilty last week to a charge of fraud
against the government at a court martial before three officers. According to a statement of evidence presented at his court
martial at CFB Trenton, Hainsworth was defending a Toronto corporal in February who was charged with aggravated assault.
The corporal was eventually convicted and sentenced to four months in jail and an internal investigation was begun into
Hainsworth's actions.
© ProQuest LLC All rights reserved; available at : http://primo-pmtna01.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?
, accessed 18 August 2017

[Research note: on Mr. Hainsworth, see also:
Canada (Attorney General) v. Hainsworth, 2004 CanLII 15063 (ON SC), <http://canlii.ca/t/1hd1l>;
Hainsworth v. Canada, [2003] O.J. No. 6162, at paras. 32-34 (S.C.J.).; Hainsworth v. Canada, [2003] O.J. No. 6163, at paras. 32-34 (S.C.J.);  R. v. Graveline, 1994
CanLII 10724 (CMAC), <http://canlii.ca/t/ggprg>; referred to in G-Civil Inc. v. Canada (Public Works and Government
Services Canada), 2006 CanLII 42655 (ON SC), <http://canlii.ca/t/1q6p8>; Hainsworth v. Attorney General of Canada,
2011 ONSC 2642 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/flm2z>]

___________on HAINSWORTH,  Ross, see the article by Gadd, Jane, "Lawyer is guilty of harassing MP's staff", The Globe and Mail, 14 October 2018, at p. A30;

Source: ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The Globe and Mail
accessed 15 November 2018

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel of the
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___________on HAINSWORTH,  Ross, see the proceedings of  the Law Society of Upper Canada Ontario Discipline Committee, 1993, available at Hainsworth, Re, 1995 CanLII 1768 (ON LST), <http://canlii.ca/t/1gp6t> (accessed 27 August 2019);

Mr. MacKenzie provided us with the following information.

Mr. Hainsworth was a defence counsel on a court martial proceeding
and that role gave rise to the allegations of professional misconduct
in this case. Mr. Hainsworth had joined the Judge Advocate General
(JAG) in l987 and was called to the Bar in l980. The incident giving
rise to these discipline proceedings occurred in l99l. Mr. Hainsworth
was dismissed from the Canadian Forces in January of l992. Mr. Hainsworth
was court martialled on two charges. As a result of plea negotiations,
Mr. Hainsworth pleaded guilty to a charge of fraud on the government.
Mr. MacKenzie advised us that Mr. Hainsworth appealed that decision based
on the Supreme Court of Canada decision in R. v. Generaux 70 CCC (3d) (3d)
that s.ll(d) of the Charter had been violated by the court martial
proceedings. Mr. Hainsworth was successful on the appeal. A second prosecution
was commenced, but Mr. Hainsworth successfully argued that a procedural error
had been made and that charge did not proceed. Mr. MacKenzie advised us that
at the present time he was uncertain whether a third attempt would be made
to proceed with a court martial against Mr. Hainsworth.

___________on HAINSWORTH, Ross, see Canada (Attorney General) v. Hainsworth, 2004 CanLII 15063 (ON SC), <http://canlii.ca/t/1hd1l> (accessed 10 December 2020);


___________on HAINSWORTH,  Ross, Captain was the prosecutor in the Standing Court Martial of R. v. McLeod 1988 CM 17, Winnipeg, Manitoba, 4 May 1988, source of information:  MADSEN, C.M.V. (Chris Mark Vedel), Military law and operations, Aurora (Ontario): Canada Law Book, c2008-, vol. 3, at p. APP2: 1988-12;

___________on HAINSWORTH, Ross
was a lawyer and a Captain on 31 December 1990 with the OJAG; her seniority date for that rank was 8 September 1987 (source: Canadian Forces Officer's List (Regular) (Bilingual), A-AD-224-001/AF-001, 31 December 1990; obtained from DND, Access to Information and Privacy, file A-2019-00318, 13 February 2020);

Source: pressreader.com/canada/the-aurora-labrador-city/20171204/281487866676474, accessed 30 June 2018
From Left: Melanie Lake, Kathy Haire,
and Sarah Heer

HAIRE, Kathy F., Major, "Professionalism in the Army: From Murder in Somalia to Disgrace in Afghanistan, How Far Has the Army Come?", Canadian Forces College, JCSP 42, 2015-16, Master of Defence Studies, v, 94 leaves, available at http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/290/318/286/Haire.pdf (accessed 15 August 2016);

Alex C. Hall, circa 1933, The Gazette and
Chronicle, Whitby, Ontario, 5 October 1933, p. 1 and available at
http://images.ourontario.ca/Partners/Whitby/002448722p1.pdf, accessed 26 April 2020

HALL, Alex C., 1904-1971, Major, member of the OJAG and acted as the Assistant Judge Advocate General for Military District 3; see "Major Alex Hall Re-appointed Crown Attorney Ontario County", Stouffville Tribune (Stouffville, ON), March 7, 1946, at  p. 6  and available at http://news.ourontario.ca/WhitchurchStouffville/99513/page/6?q=Judge+advocate+general&docid=OOI.99513 (accessed 25 April 2020);

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___________on HALL, Alex C., see "Judge Alex Hall:  Former Mayor defied Premier in GM strike", The Globe and Mail, 27 February 1971 at p. 51 and available at https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca/; article says in part "He was present at 3,000 courts martial";

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
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___________on HALL, Alex C., see his photo hereunder in The Windsor Star, Monday, 18 September 1950 at p. 3, available at https://www.newspapers.com/image/...., accessed 20 June 2020;

HALL, G.W., Major, Assistant-Judge Advocate General at Camp Borden in 1944, see The Quarterly Army List, January 1944, Part 1, London: His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1944 at p. 165 (bottom number) or p. 177B (top number), available at https://deriv.nls.uk/dcn23/8897/88977987.23.pdf (accessed 20 March 2019);

____________on HALL, G.W., I believe that the following data may be relevant as to identity, although not 100% sure:

- death notice of Hall, Q.C., George W., The Gazette, Montreal, 6 May 1985, at p. 47, available at
https://www.newspapers.com/image/...., accessed 20 June 2020;

- Royal Military College of Canada, Review Log of H.M.S. Stone Frigate, Graduation Number,
June  1940 at p. 80, available at rmcmuseum.ca/wp-content/uploads/RMC-Review-Vol-21-No-41-Jun-1940.pdf,
accessed 20 June 2020:

No. 1906, G. W. Hall has joined the law firm of O'Brien &
Stewart (No. 1938, Major J. G. Stewart), of Montreal.


HALPENNY, Andrew (Harrison Andrew), former member of the OJAG appointed to the Ontario Mining and Lands Tribunal (Environment and Land Tribunals Ontario), part-time, see https://www.pas.gov.on.ca/Home/AgencyBios/474 and https://www.pas.gov.on.ca/Home/Agency/474 (accessed 3 July 2018);


Andrew Halpenny spent the majority of his professional career in the Canadian Armed Forces as an infantry officer
and a military lawyer. He served across Canada, in Europe, the Balkans, Middle East, and in South Asia. Following
retirement, he worked for several years with the RCMP as legal counsel. He is an active member and past director
of the Rockcliffe Flying Club in Ottawa. He completed his Bachelor of Arts degree at the University of Manitoba,
his Bachelor of Laws degree at Queen's University, and his Master of Laws degree at the University of Ottawa.

Image source: heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/cybil50&div=21&id=&page=, accessed 13 October 2017
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___________"Book Reviews: Prosecuting Genocide, Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes in Canadian Courts.  By Annie Lafontaine.  Toronto: Carswell, 2012. 338 pages" (2012) 50 The Canadian Yearbook of International Law 640-647; available in part at https://books.google.ca/books?id=N_DkAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA647&dq=Canada+%22Judge+advocate+General%22&hl=fr&sa=X&ei=MvAYVZbWMsuOyATon4A4&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Canada%20%22Judge%20advocate%20General%22&f=false (accessed 30 March 2015);

___________ The Governance of Military Police in Canada, mémoire de maîtrise en droit (LL.M.), Université d'Ottawa, 2009; non disponible pour consultation; titre noté dans (automne 2009) 68 La Revue du Barrreau du Québec 584; now published in (2010) 48(1) Osgoode Hall Law Journal 1 to 54 approx.; available at http://ohlj.ca/english/documents/48_1_HALPENNY_changesmade_10_07_14.pdf (accessed on 23 February 2011);

English Abstract

The Military Police is a special federal police force in Canada with unique authority, designed to support military commanders both in
operations and in garrison. However, it has historically been under the command of non-Military Police officers, and is consequently
not governed like other police forces in Canada. Part of this arrangement can be explained by its special military duties, but much of
it is the result of a tradition that is at odds with current societal norms. It is the position of the author that differences in norms between
the Military Police and other Canadian police forces can only be justified by bona fide military requirements. This article proposes
pragmatic changes that would see the Canadian Forces Provost Marshal, who is the senior Military Police officer of the Canadian
Forces, command all Military Police. Their duties and functions, however, would be guided by a newly established Military Police
Services Board. This Board would provide transparent policy guidance and require equally transparent accountability from the
Military Police in a manner that respects the norms of Canadian law and other police services. Reprinted by permission of the
publisher. (source: http://digitalcommons.osgoode.yorku.ca/ohlj/vol48/iss1/1/, accessed 6 February 2015)

___________ Independence and Impartiality and the Canadian military judicial system, Toronto : Canadian Forces Command and Staff College, 1989, 20, 5, 2 leaves;

___________photo of HALPENNY, Andrew:

"Sundridge South River Airport owner Dave Jenkins (left) and manager Gary
Thornborow welcome avid small aircraft operators like Joya and Andrew
Halpenny (centre) who flew all the way from Ottawa area on Saturday for a
fly-in and pancake breakfast. May 12, 2018. - Danielle Marr/Metroland"
Source: northbaynipissing.com/community-story/8605828-new-owner-has-big-plans-for-sundridge-south-river-airport/,
13 May 2018 (accessed 18 February 2019);

HALPIN, J. Graig (Jeremy Graig), lawyer, member of the OJAG and the Law Society of British Columbia;

HALPRIN, Paul William, Civil Status of the Military, LL.B. thesis, University of Manitoba, Faculty of Law, 1957, 16, [1] leaves ; 29 cm.; copy at York University, Osgoode Hall Law School Library;

Sidney Halter, image source:
web.archive.org/web/20070719070952/http://www.jewishsports.net/PillarAchievementBios/SidneyHalter.htm, accessed 14 May 2019

HALTER, Sydney (also seen as Sidney), 1905-1990, avocat, juge-avocat au commandement aérien du district No. 2 à Winnipeg, voir "Sydney Halter ce jeune homme malingre d'il y a 36 ans Aujourd'hui devenu l'homme de fer de tout le footbal canadien", Le soleil, Québec,  mardi 18 février 1958 à la p. 19, disponible à  http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/3294436(consulté le 15 mars 2019);



Source: store.lexis nexis.ca                                      Natalie  Venslovaitis                      Nada Khirdaji
                                                                                  source: ca.linkedin.com                 source: parislaw.ca/nada-khirdaji/, accessed 19 March 2018

Halsbury's  Laws of Canada, Mental Health/Military/Mines and Minerals, LexisNexis Canada, December 2011, 872 p., ISBN: 9780433456278,  NOTE: there is a 2015 reissue for the part on military law; in the 2011 edition for the part on military law. the responsible person was Nada Khirdaji; for the 2015 reissue, the responsible person was Natalie Venslovaitis; see also https://qcat.library.queensu.ca/vwebv/search?searchType=7&searchId=82985&maxResultsPerPage=25&recCount=25&recPointer=0&resultPointer=0&headingId=30107094 (accessed 19 March 2018);


LexisNexis Canada with the assistance of the Office of the Judge Advocate General for the Canadian Forces


With Canada’s armed forces at their most active level since the Korean War, this valuable title is a timely and comprehensive summary of the law that
governs military operations and military personnel. From a concise discussion of the organization of the Forces to issues of deployment, human resource
management and military justice, this work is carefully designed to serve as the definitive first reference for anyone researching this specialized subject.
Topics covered include:


  • The statutory and regulatory framework that authorize and limit military operations
  • Organization of the Canadian Forces, and the role of elected and appointed officials
  • Limitation or exclusion of Crown liability for military actions
  • Operational commands
  • Qualifications and requirements for enrolment in the Forces
  • Remuneration, pensions and additional benefits
  • Promotion, discharge, grievances
  • Deployment of Forces both internationally and within Canada
  • Code of military discipline, courts martial, the appeals process, and the role of military police
  • [Source: http://www.lexisnexis.ca/bookstore/bookinfo.php?pid=2188, accessed on 26 March 2012]

Image source: https://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/dpr-rmr/2008-2009/inst/fcg/fcg01-eng.asp, accessed 22 January 2016
Bruno Hamel
HAMEL, Bruno,  testimony of Bruno Hamel, Chair, Canadian Forces Grievance Board, on Bill C-15, An Act to amend the National Defence Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts -- this Bill has the Short Title: Strengthening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Act,
-  before the House of Commons Standing Committee on National Defence, meeting number 64, 6 February 2013, minutes and evidence;
-  before the Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, meeting issue 38, 30 May 2013, minutes  and evidence;

 Source: blogue.uqtr.ca/2017/01/16/recherches-etudiants-tres-impliques-benevolement/, consulté 6 août 2018
"Appel de candidatures--Médailles du Lieutenant-Gouverneur pour la jeunesse 2017
Kevin Brasseur et Marie-Laurence Audet ont obtenu cette récompense en 2016. Nathalie Marchand, conseillère à l’aide
financière, Services aux étudiants UQTR (responsable des candidatures), Daniel McMahon, recteur de l’UQTR, Kevin Brasseur,
l’honorable J.-Michel Doyon, Lieutenant-gouverneur du Québec, Marie-Laurence Audet, major Éric Hamelin aide de camp du
Lieutenant-gouverneur et directeur du Service des ressources humaines de l’UQTR."

HAMELIN, Éric, avocat de la réserve, membre du cabinet du JAG, voir "Revue annuelle de l'escadron 14 de Shawinigan" Le Nouvelliste, Trois-Rivières, 20 mai 2000, Cahier 1 à la p. 51; disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/3299320 (consulté le 6 août 2018);


HAMELIN,  Louis-René,  13 février 1921-9 July 1973, Capt, legal officer, member of the OJAG, circa 1952, Korea, see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at p. 81 available at  i-xii and 1-102; married to Marcelle Ferron, Canadian painter;

___________ Chronologie

1921, 13 février, naissance de Louis-René Hamelin

1924, 29 janvier, naissance de Marie Valéda Marcelle Ferron

1931, décès d'Adrienne Caron, mère de Marcelle

1944, 10 mars, décès du docteur J.-Romuald  Hamelin, père de René Hamelin; les frères du docteur sont:

1973, 9 July, René Hamelin dies at the age of 52 at Hôpital des Vétérans Reine-Elizabeth

1973, 12 juillet, funérailles de René Hamelin; inhumation au cimetière Champ d'Honneur Pointe-Claire; voir www.veterans.gc.ca/fra/remembrance/those-who-served/last-post-fund/field-of-honour

___________à la Librairie Tranquille, Montréal en 1951, source: La barre du jour, Revue littéraire bimestrielle, janvier-août 1969,  collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/3759876, site consulté le 31 août 2022; cherchez le mot "Hamelin";

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___________dans Me J.-A. Fortin, journaliste-publicitaire, membre du Barreau de Montréal, Biographies canadiennes-françaises, 18e édition, 1960, 612 pages, à la page 328 et disponible à collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2634241  (site consulté le 31 août 2022);


___________En Corée, voir l'article "En Corée: plusieurs changements dans le commandement du 22e régiment", Le Canada, Montréal, lundi, 13 août 1951, aux pages 2 et 14 (début de l'article à la page 14); à la p. 2, avec le titre d'article "Plusieurs changements dans...",  disponible à collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/3574981 (site consulté le 4 septembre 2022), on y lit:
Au quartier général du bataillon se trouvent outre le commandant,
le lieutenant-colonel J.A. Dextraze, DSO, de Montréal, l'adjudant,
le capiatine, Robert Bérubé, MM, de Welland, son adjoint, le lieu-
tenant René Hamelin, de Montréal [...].   

___________En Corée, voir l'article du lieutenant Jean-Pierre Beaulne, "Nos gars en Corée: Confort relatif  des ronds-de-cuir", Le droit, Ottawa, mardi, 24 juillet 1951, à la p. 18 et disponible à collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/4058481 (site consulté le 9 septembre 2022); son travail au bureau régimentaire se fait dans une roulotte selon l'article; lire également https://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/3533342, 6 novembre 1951;
Un jeune avocat de Montréal occupe le poste très important d'adjoint
de l'adjudant du bataillon, le capitaine Robert Bérubé, MM de Welland,
Ont., est de faction à l'échelon d'avant du bataillon ou "F échelon selon la
terminologie de l'armée; son adjoint, le lieutenant René Hamelin, qui
agit en cette capacité depuis mars, devient bras droit du commandant
en second, qui se trouve à l'échelon intermédiaire, ou "A échelon",
remplissant le rôle d'adjudant tel que délimité en temps de paix.     

___________Photo et article, La presse, jeudi, 12 février 1953, à la p. 31, disponible à  collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2875563 (site consulté le 30 août 2022);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel of the mouse allows to
zoom in or out of the web page being viewed.

Cet article est à la p. 31 également.

Le début du titre est "Le Capitaine L.-R."
Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl
 key and scrolling the wheel of
the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed.

___________sur Hamelin, Louis-René, promu officier cadet, le samedi 4 août 1943, voir "Soixante-huit  Can.-Français du district militaire numéro 4 au nombre des gradués de Brockville", Montréal-matin, samedi, 14 août 1943, à la p. 1 et disponible à collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/4480381 (site consulté le 30 août 2022);
Une autre promotion de cadets-officiers aura lieu cet après-midi
au camp militaire de Brockville.  Au nombre des nouveaux officiers
de l'armée canadienne on remarque les Canadiens-français suivants,
du district militaire No. 4:
Le cadet Louis-René Hamelin, 4595, rue St-Denis, Montréal

___________sur Hamelin, René, capitaine, de Montréal à Kure, Japon, voir "Nouvelles brèves", Le devoir, Montréal,  jeudi 26 novembre 1953 à la p. 3, disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2782504 (vérifié le 15 mars 2019);

___________HAMELIN, Louis-René, en 1956, obtient des lettres patentes pour la corporation St-Georges Excavation Ltée, voir la  Gazette Officielle de Québec, Québec, 9 juin 1956, tome 88, numéro 23, aux pages 1977-1978, disponible à collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2358939https://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2358939 (site consulté le 10 septembre 2022)

___________HAMELIN, en 1966 demeurant à Baie Comeau devient procureur de la Couronne pour Haute-Rive:

- voir "Québec nomme huit nouveaux juges", La presse, Montréal, samedi, 10 septembre 1966, à la p. 3,
disponible à collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2698154 (site consulté le 10 septembre 2022):

- voir Roger Rioux, "Coup d'oeil sur le Parlement [...] Procureurs de la Couronne",
Montr/al-matin, samedi, 10 septembre 1966, à la page 4, disponible à collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/4509041 (site
consulté le 10 septembre 2022):

___________HAMELIN, Louis-René, 1921-1973, Capt., on,  see following article: "On Judicial Staff for Armed Services in Japan and Korea", Guardian of the Gulf, Friday, 4 December 1953, at p. 14, available at https://islandnewspapers.ca/islandora/... (accessed 10 October 2018);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the
 wheel of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

___________research notes on  Capt. Louis-René Hamelin:

- was married to Quebec famous painter Marcelle Ferron, 1924-2001  He died, at age 52 on 9 July 1973 at l'hôpital des Vétérans Reine-Elizabeth and buried au cimetière Champ d'honneur, à Pointe-Claire, see La Presse, 11 juillet 1973, à la page 10, voir http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2737878; Danielle (devenue Mme Danielle Lemeunier), 1945-; Diane Hamelin, 1949-, et Louise (Babalou?) 1951-    ;

- fiançailles entre Marcelle Ferron et le lieutenant René Hamelin, circa juin 1944, voir le journal La patrie, lundi, 12 juin 1944, à la page 11, collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/4328253 (consulté le 25 août 2022);


-  "Le 15 juillet 1944, à Saint-Antoine-de-Padoue, Louiseville (Maskinongé),  Marcelle Ferron épouse Louis-René Hamelin, fils du docteur Romuald Hamelin et Juliette Lalonde. Trois filles naissent de cette union : Danielle, Diane et Babalou", voir Lise Jolin à http://genealogieplanete.com/blog/view/id_6088/name_/title_Marcelle-Ferron-peintre-verri-re-1924-2001/(site consulté le 27 avril 2020);

- Marcelle Ferron, et al.,
Le droit d'être rebelle, correspondence de Marcelle Ferron avec Jacques, Madeleine, Paul et  Thérèse Ferron, textes choisis et présentés par Babalou Hamelin, 1951-, Montréal (Québec) : Boréal, [2016], 621 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm, ISBN: 9782764624562, 2764624565; copy at the University of Ottawa, ND 249 .F4 A3 2016, Morisset Library; j'ai emprunté ce livre


Source de l'image: flipbook.cantook.net/?d=%2F%2Fwww.entrepotnumerique
, site consulté le 27 avril 2020

"En 1943, alors qu’elle est aux Beaux-Arts à Québec,
Marcelle présente Robert Cliche à sa sœur Madeleine.

En cette même année, elle rencontre René Hamelin,

officier dans l’armée canadienne. Elle l’épousera le 15 juillet 1944.

Ils déménageront ensuite à Toronto. Marcelle a alors vingt ans."

extrait du livre Le droit d'etre rebelle, p. 9, disponible à https://excerpts.numilog.com/books/9782764624562.pdf

extrait du livre Le droit d'etre rebelle, p. 355ble à https://excerpts.numilog.com/books/9782764624562.pdf

- Exposition de Marcelle Ferron-Hamelin à la Librairie Tranquille, 15 au 30 janvier 1949

Source: article de Véronique Millet, "Marcelle
Ferron  ou l'appétit de vivre et de créer", Parcours,
9 Mai 2014 et disponible à revue-parcours.com/marcelle-ferron/
(site consulté le 10 septembre 2022).

Source: "Mondanités", La Patrie, mardi, 19 janvier
1949 à la page 13, disponible à collections.banq.qc.ca/
(site consulté le 10 septembre 2022);
notons l'erreur le "pré-vernissage" a lieu vendredi le
14 janvier et non le 15 comme indiqué. 


- photo de Marcelle Ferron et autres:

Source de la photo: Laplante, L. (2017), " Un clan, ses alliances et ses lettres. Le Québec
des Ferron et
des Cliche. Marcelle Ferron épistolière. Nuit blanche, magazine littéraire, (145), 34–41,
erudit.org/fr/revues/nb/2017-n145-nb02864/84099ac.pdf, site consulté le 27 avril 2020.

Procès en Cour supérieure en 1957, Marcelle Ferron-Hamelin perdra la garde de ses trois filles:

[Source: Le Devoir, mardi, 18 mars 1957, à
la page 8, disponible à collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/
, site consulté le 2 septembre 2022]

Note de recherche: j'ai envoyé un courriel à
archives.montreal@banq.qc.ca le 11 septembre
2022 pour essayer d'avoir accès au dossier.

- Procès en Cour supérieure en 1957, sur les archives du dossier à la cour et suite à ma demande,
j'ai reçu le courriel suivant:

Archives Montreal <archives.montreal@banq.qc.ca>
Tue, Sept 20 [2022] at 2:47 p.m.

Bonjour M. Lareau,

Veuillez noter que les archives de tous les tribunaux judiciaires du Québec produites
depuis 1920 sont soumises à l’échantillonnage avant leurs versements à BAnQ, en
conformité avec les calendriers de conservation approuvés par les juges en chef et
par le ministre de la Justice. Seule une fraction des dossiers est conservée, les
autres étant détruits. Malheureusement, le dossier numéro 413 508 a été détruit.
Cependant, nous conservons en intégralité les jugements.

Nous sommes donc bel et bien en possession du jugement no. 413 508 (Dame Marcelle
Ferron-Hamelin c. Louis-René Hamelin). Nous offrons un service de reproduction de
document. Des frais de 3,50 $ s’appliquent si vous souhaitez une version numérique de
ce jugement. Vous trouverez ci-dessous les modalités de paiement.

Toutes les commandes doivent être payées à l’avance par carte de crédit en composant
le 514-873-1101, poste 6254, pour y laisser vos coordonnées.

Nous vous remercions de l’intérêt que vous portez à Bibliothèque et Archives nationales
du Québec.


Service aux usagers

Archives nationales du Québec à Montréal

535, avenue Viger Est
Montréal (Québec) H2L 2P3
Téléphone : 514 873-1101 poste 6254



- Jugement du 25 novembre 1957:

Jugement reçu par courriel, demande 2223-1289,
Archives Montreal <archives.montreal@banq.qc.ca>
en date du 20 septembre 2022

- sur Marcelle Ferron, voir l'article de Jocelyne Lepage, "Marcelle Ferron, La grande séduction",  La Presse, Montreal, samedi, 10 mai 2008, p. 24, section Arts et Spectacles, disponible à collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2208023;  hébergement d'algériens en 1966; départ de la France;


- sur Marcelle Ferron, article de Jennifer Couëlle, "Les languages multiples de Marcelle Ferron", Le devoir,
les samedi 21 et dimanche 22 octobre 1995, à la p. D9 et disponible à collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2771407
(site consulté le 13  septembre 2022);

- sur Marcelle Ferron, voir L'esquisse d'une mémoire Marcelle Ferron, propos recueillis par Michel Brûlé, Montréal: Les éditions des intouchables, 1996, 302 p., ISBN: 2-921775220, University of Ottawa, Morisset, ND 249 .F4 A2 1996; livre emprunté par moi;

J'aimais beaucoup cet homme: il était beau, grand et intelligent.
Je croyais bien passer ma vie avec lui.
[pages 41-42]


[p. 43]


[notes de recherches:
- voir aussi le chapitre "La guerre d'Algérie", Belkir demeurait chez

- voir le chapitre suivant, "Pourquoi je fus accusée d'espionnage", aux
pages 143-146;

- sur ces pages, voir mon fichier , en date du 2022;

- copie de ce livre chez La bouquinerie à Dédé (de Robert Marois),
313 rue Notre Dame, Gatineau, J8P 1L3, tél.: 819-643-9990


- Laplante, Laurent, "Un clan, ses alliances et ses lettres.  Le Québec des Ferron
et des Cliche.  Marcelle Ferron épistolière", (2017) 145 Nuit blanche, magazine
littéraire 34-41, disponible à erudit.org/fr/revues/nb/2017-n145-nb02864/84099ac.pdf (site consulté le 3 septembre 2022);


[page 40]

- Babalou HAMELIN, Diane HAMELIN, et Danielle LEMEUNIER,
" Dans la boîte aux lettres: 'Pseudo-théorie' sur le malheur d'être enfant d'artiste",
La presse, Montréal, 27 mars 1998, page B2, collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2185720,
dont voici un extrait seulement:

- France Théoret, "Peindre est une passion nécessaire", Les écrits de l'Académie des
lettres du Québec, number 151, Fall 2017, 133-139; available at erudit.org/en/journals/
(accessed 2 September 2012).

La décision de partir pour la France est prise la même
année [1953]. Mais ce qui appelle un grand espoir possède aussi un
revers plus sombre. À Thérèse, elle écrit : « Je m’en vais là
pour peindre », ajoutant aussitôt après : « Et puis je suis fatiguée
de vivre avec l’ombre de René qui (me) menace sans cesse de
me tuer. »
[p. 136]


En 1957, Ferron est en France depuis quatre ans. En
juillet, le procès de son divorce est annoncé. Il aura lieu dans
les mois qui suivent. À Madeleine, elle écrit : « Le procès
est bien loin – surtout j’ai tellement peur de perdre avec la
mentalité hypocrite de la province de Québec... »

En décembre, une lettre à Borduas : « Je viens de perdre
mon procès. J’ai été accusée d’athéisme et tout a été dit. »

[pp. 136-137]

- sur le frère de Marcelle Ferron, le docteur et écrivain Jacques Ferron:

-Homme de sciences (médecin) et homme de lettres (théâtre, romans et essais) né en 1921 (20 janvier 1921) à Louiseville.
Son père était notaire.
Études à l'Académie Saint-Louis-de-Gonzague de Louiseville, au Collège Saint-Laurent et au Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf de Montréal, au Collège de L'Assomption et à l'Université Laval à Québec-ULQ (médecine).
Enrôlé dans le Corps médical de l'armée canadienne (1943-1946).
Il établit sa pratique de la médecine dans la ville ouvrière de Jacques-Cartier (Longueuil).
Candidat du Nouveau Parti Démocratique défait aux élections fédérales de 1958.
Cofondateur du Parti Rhinocéros (1963) ; ce parti est la façon choisie par Ferron pour ridiculiser la classe politique québécoise et canadienne.
Fils d'Adrienne Caron. Frère de l'écrivaine Madeleine Ferron et de la peintre Marcelle Ferron; celle-ci l'introduit auprès des autres signataires du Refus Clobal.
Décès à Saint-Lambert en 1985 (22 avril 1985, suicide à 64 ans).
[correction des prénoms inversés Madeleine et Marcelle, source: memoireduquebec.com/wiki/index.php?title=Ferron_%28Jacques%29&printable=yes, site consulté le 9 septembre 2022; bonne bibliographie]

- autres livres sur Marcelle Ferron:

Marcelle Ferron : papiers, 1945-2000 Enright, Robert, active 1992-; Ferron, Marcelle, 1924-2001. c2011; U d'ottawa, Morisset,  ND 249 .F4 A4 2011;

Gunda Lambton, 1914-,  Stealing the Show: Seven Women Artists in Canadian Public Art, Montreal et al.: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1994, see "Marcelle Ferron", at pp. 15-33; important contribution; available at University of Ottawa, Morisset, N 6540 .L35 1994;

[p. 20, available at google.ca/books/..., accessed 1 September 2022]

- Monique Brunet-Weinmann, Marcelle Ferron, Louise Parisien, 1998, Liberté, 9 juillet au 30 août 1998,
Galerie Montcalm, la galerie d'art de la Ville de Hull, 1998;
Found inside – Page 12
78 x 96 cm UNE FEMME LIBRE Quand Marcelle Ferron embarque à Montréal sur le
paquebot en partance pour la France au mois de septembre 1953 , elle a déjà largué les
amarres de ... Le père des enfants , l'avocat René Hamelin vit au Japon .

Other books:
- Ray Ellenwood, Egregore : A History of the Montreal Automatist Movement, Exile Editions, 1992;
University of Ottawa, Morisset, NX 513.A3 Q475 1992; j'ai emprunté ce livre; rien de pertinent à ma recherche très particulière;

- Smart,  Patricia, 1940-, Les femmes du Refus global, Montréal : Boréal, 1998, 332 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.;
University of Ottawa, Morisset, N 6545 .S59 1998; j'ai emprunté ce livre; rien de pertinent à ma recherche très particulière;

- Patricia Smart, Robert Enright, et al., Marcelle Ferron, le Catalogue, 150 pages, voir collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2208023, article de Jocelyne Lepage, "Marcelle Ferron, La grande séduction", samedi, 10 mai 2008, La Presse, Montreal, p. 24, secrion Arts et Spectacles, disponible à collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2208023;

- Gaston Roberge, Autour de Marcelle Ferron, circa 1995 à l'accasion de l'exposition de Marcelle Ferron, Galerie Simon Blais, jusqu'au 25 novembre 1995;  voir https://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2771407;

- Projet de loi privé, Bill No 141 1945, première lectureLoi concernant la succession de J.-Romuald Hamelin, médecin et père de Louis-René Hamelin: testament olographe 21 mai 1941 et vérifié par jugement le 18 mars 1944; ce projet de loi est sanctionné le 23 mars 1945, Chapitre 116, disponible à

Source file:///C:/Users/Owner/AppData/Local/Temp/
22-1_1945_141-1.pdf, site consulté le 27 avril 2020; voir
aussi à 
www.bibliotheque.assnat.qc.ca › Affi... 


- Décès du père du lieutenant Louis-René Hamelin:

Source: Le Devoir, 17 mars 1944, p. 10, disponible
à  collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2805209  (consulté le 24 août 2022).

- un autre article sur le décès de du père du lieutenant Hamelin, de Farnham, le docteur J.-Romuald Hamelin,
dans Le devoir, Montréal, vendredi le 10 mars 1944 à la p. 10 et disponible à collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2805203
(site consulté le 9 septembre 2022):


- le 4595 rue St-Denis, Montreal, la maison familiale de Louis-René Hamelin:

le 4595, rue Saint-Denis, immeuble au centre, aujourd'hui; source de la photo:
(site consulté le 30 aoûr 2022)

- Ferris, Georges (major), The Odyssey of Le 2e Bataillon du Royal 22e Régiment in Korea, œuvre non publié, 2007, 45 p.;

- Thérrien, André, Histoire du Royal 22e Régiment – Guerre de Corée (révisée), Québec, manuscrit dactylographié, 1997;

- Wood, Herbert Fairlie Lcol, Singulier champ de bataille : les opérations en Corée et leurs effets sur la politique de
 défense du Canada, Histoire officielle de l’armée canadienne
, Ottawa, Imprimeur de la Reine, 1966, 354 p.; copie à l'université d'ottawa, Morisset Library,
General Collection ; DS 919.2 .W614 1966; disponible à  https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2009/forces/DA3-4965F.pdfhttps://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2009/forces/DA3-4965F.pdf (site consulté le 22 septembre 2022);

HAMILTON, C.F. (Charles Frederick), 1869-1933, "The Canadian Militia" (October 1902) 10 Queen's Quarterly 197-213; title noted in my research but article not consulted yet (noted 21 May 2017); copy at Ottawa University, AP 5 .Q3  Index v.1-60 1893-1953, off campus storage -- Annex;

____________"Defence 1812-1912" in Adam Shortt, 1859-1931 and Sir Arthur G. (Arthur George) Dougty, 1860-1936, eds., Canada and Its Provinces: A History of the Canadian People and Their Institutions By One Hundred Associates, Toronto : Glasgow, Brook and Company, 1914-1917, 23 v. at volume 7, pp. 379-468; title noted in my research but article not consulted yet (noted 21 May 2017);

Image source: ca.linkedin.com/in/graeme-hamilton-9916ba41, accessed 28 December 2016
Graeme Hamilton
HAMILTON, Graeme, "[ Prime Minister Jean Chretien tells students that... ]", CanWest News, Oct 10, 1996, p.1;
Description: HALIFAX - Prime Minister [Jean Chretien] says the killings and torture committed by Canadian peacekeepers in Somalia were
mistakes of the kind to be expected in a large army. With morale in Armed Forces sagging in the aftermath of the Somalia affair, Chretien
urged military personnel Thursday to take pride in their accomplishments rather than dwelling on the misdeeds of a few bad apples. After a
student asked how his government would improve "the tarnished image and low morale" of the Armed Forces, Chretien blamed the continuing
public inquiry for magnifying the impact of the "incidents" in Somalia. (source:
© ProQuest LLC All rights reserved and
, accessed 9 July 2016)

Image source for Fen Osler Hampson: https://www.cigionline.org/content/fen-osler-hampson, accessed 22 January 2015

HAMPSON, Fen Osler, "Canada: committed contributor of ideas and forces, but with growing doubts and problems", in Charlotte Ku and Harold K. Jacobson, eds., Democratic Accountability and The Use of Force in International Law, Cambridge, UK; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2003, xxv, 440 p., at pp. 127-153, ISBN: 0521807476 and 0521002079 (pbk.); copy at Ottawa University, FTX General: KZ 6376 .D46 2003; limited preview available at http://books.google.com/books?id=l_DAftAiXA8C&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22Democratic+Accountability+%22&lr=&as_brr=0&sig=ACfU3U1mndeNxYJDCoV1veb-OXdo-nwvuA#PPA153,M1 and http://books.google.com/books?id=l_DAftAiXA8C&dq=%22Democratic+Accountability+%22&lr=&as_brr=0&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0 (accessed on 1 August 2008);

Introduction: The issues of political, legal, and constitutional accountability in sending Canadian forces into harm's way have come to national
attention because of debate about the 1999 NATO Kosovo War. These issues of accountability have to be understood within the context of
Canada's parliamentary traditions and long-standing commitment to international peacekeeping and the United Nations. Debates about the
forms of authorization and accountability have become increasingly pronounced in recent years. On the one hand, there is growing concern
about the UN's international peace and security role and the general political accountability of the five permanent members (P-5) of the
Security Council to the wider membership of the UN. On the other hand, there are important domestic political accountability issues, too.
Many parliamentarians, particularly those in opposition, feel that successive governments neither adequately informed parliament nor
sought approval from it when Canadian forces have been deployed in peace operations. Ironically, this frustration seems to parallel a trend
towards greater – not reduced – levels of consultation and parliamentary debate by the current Liberal government. In the aftermath of the
Somalia Inquiry, issues of civilian control of military personnel and operations, as well as civilian responsibility to the military, have been
especially salient. Somalia provoked calls for improved systems of accountability within both the military and civilian hierarchies in
Canada's defense establishment. This chapter first discusses the constitutional and legal context of the use of military force by Canada.
© The American Society of International Law 2002 and Cambridge University Press, 2009.
[source: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/292474219_Canada_Committed_contributor_of_ideas_and_forces_but_with_growing_doubts_and_problems, accessed 3 January 2018]

Nina Han, first person on the left; source: JAG Annual Report 2016-2017

HAN, Lieutenant(N) Nina, employed by the Judge Advocate Generall/Director of Law Military Personnel and Assistant counsel for Her Majesty the Queen in the case of Duncan M.R. (Captain), R. v., 2013 CM 2002 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/fwq5t>, accessed 8 June 2018;

___________Photo of two legal officers: Lieutenant Commander Nina Han and Heidi Straarup (center of photo):

" 14 hours ago
Legal officers and staff from the offices of AJAG Pacific in Esquimalt and Comox participate annually
in the Great drill, designed to ensure readiness in the event of a major earthquake
 affecting British Columbia." (site accessed 19 October 2018).

HANCOCK, Jay, 1977-, Determined victor  : Canada's role in the prosecution of class 'A' Japanese war criminals, Thesis (M.A.)--Royal Military College of Canada, 2002;

The current scholarly investigations into Canada's role at the International Military Tribunal for the Far East
(IMTFE) incorrectly identifies the Canadian government's motives and interests in the prosecution of Japan's
wartime leadership. The careful examination of External Affairs files at the National Archives of Canada and
records from the Department of National Defence at the Directorate of History reveal a wide range of incentives
for Canada's participation in the post-war reconstruction of Japan. The appointment of a Canadian judge and
prosecutor to the inter-Allied military court resulted from a determined effort to secure retribution for the
brutal treatment of Canadian nationals and military personnel during the Pacific War. Brigadier Henry G. Nolan
and Justice Edward S.McDougall secured influence from Canada's Allied partners through their dedication and
determination to serve the cause of justice. A subsequent motivation for participating in the Allied administration
of justice in the Far Eastwas the potential to expand Canada's economic partnership with Japan.
(Abstract shortened by UMI.) (source: http://phdtree.org/pdf/25761795-determined-victor-canadas-role-in-the-prosecution-of-class-a-japanese-war-criminals/, accessed on 5 June 2014);

HANDFIELD, Catherine, "Affaire Micheline Montreuil: Ottawa a dépensé plus de 1 million", La Presse, 19 octobre 2012, disponible à http://www.lapresse.ca/actualites/justice-et-affaires-criminelles/201210/18/01-4584856-affaire-micheline-montreuil-ottawa-a-depense-plus-de-1-million.php (visité 1 mars 2017); research note: "pour aller plus loin"/ to go further, see Montreuil v. Canadian Forces, 2009 CHRT 28 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/29th9>;

Image source: linkedin.com/in/nigel-hannaford-1093b189, accessed 8 January 2019
Nigel Hannaford
HANNAFORD, Nigel, "The military and the media in Canada since 1992" (2001) 1 Security and Defense Studies Review 199-214; article noted but not consulted yet (8 January 2019);

Murray Hannen
HANNEN, Murray, lawyer, Nova Scotia, "worked as a Legal Advisor to the Judge Advocate General’s Office (JAG), obtaining the rank of Captain", see http://www.sampsonmcphee.com/lawyers/murray-hannem/, accessed 13 March 2020;

Murray Hannem

Murray began his professional life in the Royal Canadian Navy as a Lieutenant.
He attended Fleet School at CFB Esquimalt as a Maritime Surface Officer and
served on Minesweepers and Destroyers. After obtaining a Law Degree, Murray
worked as a Legal Advisor to the Judge Advocate General’s Office (JAG),
obtaining the rank of Captain
. Over the course of his career, Murray has developed
a strong property law practice serving both commercial and residential clients all
over Cape Breton Island. He is also one of the most seasoned Estate practitioners
on the island. A great asset to our team, Murray also mentors other lawyers
regarding property issues and Estate Planning. Murray was Director of the Nova
Scotia Legal Aid Commission and was active in increasing access to justice.
He also served as chairman of the Cape Breton and Victoria Counties Residential
Tenancies Board where he worked to resolve landlord and tenant disputes.


  • Bar Admission: Nova Scotia 1978
  • LL.B. University of New Brunswick
  • B.A. Hon Mount Allison University

HANNINGTON, Major H.C., was a member of the OJAG, circa 1918, see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at pages 31 and 36, available at i-xii and 1-102;

Source: ca.linkedin.com/in/ken-hansen-b354661a, accessed 9 October 2018
Ken Hansen

HANSEN, Ken, "A landmark ruling on military courts means the Forces must change for the better.  The military is scrambling after a court decided that its process for trying soldiers with civil crimes violates the Charter—exposing its double standard", MacLean's, 8 October 2018; available at https://www.macleans.ca/opinion/a-landmark-ruling-on-military-courts-means-the-forces-must-change-for-the-better/ (accessed 9 October 2018);

Victor Hansen, image source: http://www.michaeltotten.com/2010/06/war-and-history-ancient-and-modern.php (accessed 13 Janurary 2015)

HANSEN, Victor, "Changes in Modern Military Codes and the Role of the Military Commander: What Should the United States Learn from this Revolution?", (2008) 16 Tulane Journal of International & Comparative Law 419-466; discusses changes in Canadian military law; available at  http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1128126  (accessed on 28 July 2008); also available at http://responsesystemspanel.whs.mil/Public/docs/meetings/20130924/materials/academic-panel/Hansen/Hansen_Changes_in_Modern_Military_Codes.pdf (accessed on 1 May 2014); also available at Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1128126 (accessed 25 September 2016);

This article examines the renewed interest which legal scholars, courts, and practitioners are giving to military justice. In light of this heightened interest, there have been
a number of calls to reform the Uniform Code of Military Justice. Specifically, there is pressure to change and reduce the role of the military commander in the justice system.
This pressure for change comes in part due to the changes made in the military codes of the United Kingdom and Canada. This paper examines whether the United States
should make similar changes. The paper looks in detail at the reasons for the modifications to the military codes of the United Kingdom and Canada, and the specific changes
that those countries made. The paper next compares those changes with the approach taken in this country regarding the role of the military commander. The paper also
examines some of the possible unintended consequences that come with reducing the role of the commander in military justice. Finally, the paper offers specific recommendations
for Congress to consider in making an assessment of the appropriate role for the commander in the military justice system. (source: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1128126,
accessed 25 September 2016)

Image source:msuilr.org/, accessed 30 December 2017
___________"The Impact of Military Justice Reforms on the Law of Armed Conflict : How to Avoid Unintended Consequences", (2013) 21(2) Michigan State International Law Review  229-272; available at http://digitalcommons.law.msu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1115&context=ilr (accessed on 4 January 2014); also available at http://responsesystemspanel.whs.mil/Public/docs/meetings/20130924/materials/academic-panel/Hansen/Hansen_Impact_of_MJ_Reforms_on_the_LOAC_Draft_2_Jun_13_DC_submission.pdf (accessed on 1 May 2014); also available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2393485(accessed on 24 October 2014);

One consequence of the “civilianization” of the military justice systems in Canada the United Kingdom and elsewhere potentially impacts
the commander’s own personal criminal liability. The doctrine of command responsibility holds that a commander may be criminally liable
for the law of war violations committed by the forces under his command if a commander fails to prevent, suppress, or punish law of war
violations that he either knew about or was reckless or negligent in failing to notice, he can be punished as if he committed the underlying
offenses. It is the commander who, by use of all the resources and authority available to him, ensures that his forces do not violate the laws
of war. If those forces do, it is in large part attributable to the commander’s failings. If, as a result of the civilianization of military justice,
commanders lose a significant portion of the disciplinary authority they have traditionally held, do they no longer occupy that critical
position of responsibility over the forces under their command? If they have lost that authority, to whom does the law now turn to for
accountability? Does the commander, who has lost some of his authority, lose the ability to maintain discipline through the military
justice system, and does he find himself in a situation where he is given responsibility to maintain discipline and control without having
sufficient authority to meet that obligation? This article raises and addresses these important questions and it provides a framework for
considering military justice reforms that preserve the commander’s critical role in law of war compliance.
(source: https://www.icrc.org/fre/assets/files/2014/ihl-bibliography-4th-trimester-2013.pdf, accessed 15 March 2015)

Image source: amazon.com/Guide-Cadets-Lectures-Discipline-Correspondence/dp/0428348076, accessed 19 March 2018
Cover image of the Classic Reprint

HANSFORD,  C. C , A guide for cadets : notes for lectures on discipline,  correspondence, orders, etc. / by C.C. Hansford, Toronto : G.J. McLeod, Ltd., c1918,  96 p. ; 20 cm.  NOTES: Numbered blank pages throughout the book for notes; research note also available on microform:  2 microfiches (55 fr.),  SERIES: CIHM/ICMH Microfiche series = CIHM/ICMH collection de microfiches ; no. 80875; Filmed from a copy of the original publication held by the National Library of Canada. Ottawa : Canadian Institute for Historical Microreproductions, 1996, 96 p. ; 20 cm., NUMBERS: Canadiana: 976023997; ISBN: 0665808755;  CRMM: OOCIHM 9680875;


____________ Brief notes on discipline : a handbook of courts martial duties, discipline, etc., for young officers, [Toronto] : George. J.  McLeod, [c1918], 93 p.: forms; title noted in my research but not consulted yet (5 January 2012); copy at Toronto Public Library, Main Reference Centre, 355.13 H12; and Osgoode Hall Law School of York University, Library, KF 7625 H25 1918;

HANSON, H.A., Captain, legal officer in military district number 7 with Headquarters in St John, New Brunswick, in  1943,  see The Quarterly Army List, October 1943, Part I, London: His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1943 at p. 165 (bottom page number) or p. 181 (top page number), available at https://deriv.nls.uk/dcn23/8903/89030567.23.pdf  (accessed 21 March 2019);

HANWAY, Lawrence Martin ("Chub"/"Chubby"), 1917-1986, Major, was a legal officer in 1969, see Canadian Forces Officers' List (Regular), 1969, available at  https://navalandmilitarymuseum.org/sites/default/files/pdf/Navy_List_1969_March_400_dpi.pdf (accessed 16 August 2018); former chief pensions advocate, DVA, 1982-1984;

___________HANWAY, Lawrence is a former Chief pension advocate, see "Board ordered to reconsider claim by victim of skin cancer", The Globe and Mail, 11 April 1985, at p. M16;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

ProQuest Historical Newspapers
https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca...., accessed 3 March 2019

___________HANWAY, Lawrence M., was the prosecutor in the court martial referred to in the article: "Name Membes of Court Martial On 3 Canadians", The Globe and Mail, 22 August 1951, at p. 7;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

ProQuest Historical Newspapers
https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca...., accessed 30 November 2018

___________on HANWAY, Lawrence M., see death notice in The Ottawa Citizen, Monday, 17 March 1986, at p. 4, available at https://www.newspapers.com/...., accessed 20 June 2020;

___________on HANWAY, Lawrence M., was Acting Chief Pension Advocate and Chief Pension Advocate, 1982-1984, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bureau_of_Pensions_Advocates (accessed 8 March 2020);

HARDINGE, Stephen ("Steve") John, death notice in The Vancouver Sun, Saturday 28 May 2005 at p 40, available at https://www.newspapers.com...., accessed 20 June 2020;

____________on Steve Hardinge, research note: "Capt. S. J. (Steve) Hardinge, LL.B., formerly Deputy Judge Advocate, B. C Army Headquarters, has left the service for a post with the Legal Department of the B. C. Electric Company", in UBC Alumni Chronicle, Winter 1956, available at (accessed 16 November 2018);

HARKLEY, Harold L., regional legal officer, see "Harold L. Harkley", The Vancouver Sun, Saturday, 30 March 1946 at p. 2, available at https://www.newspapers.com/image/...., accessed 25 June 2020;

HARDINGE _ Stephen Hon. Stephen John Hardinge, LLB, QC, CD, NDC, passed away May 23, 2005 surrounded by his family. Lovingly remembered and sadly missed by his wife of 54 years, Rose Hardinge; four children David, Eileen, Mary and Carol; seven grandchildren, Bryce, Kerri, Jessica, Michael, Emily, Alanna and Cameron. Served as Judge of the County Court of Cariboo and Justice of the Supreme Court of B.C. for 22 years. Stephen Hardinge graduated in law from UBC and was called to the BC Bar in 1952; he was also member of the Bar of the Northwest Territories. He served in the Canadian Army, Judge Advocate General's office for six years and he later worked as counsel at B.C. Electric Company and B.C. Hydro. He was a partner in the law firm, Fulton, Cumming, Bird in Prince George, Victoria and Vancouver. He was subsequently Crown Counsel for the Dept. of Justice, Vancouver from 1969 and Regional Director for B.C. and Yukon to 1975. Following retirement, Judge Hardinge travelled widely, enjoyed cycling and walking. He also volunteered at Vancouver Coventry House and was a Member of the Officer's Mess, Seaforth Highlanders of Canada. A private family memorial will be held. In lieu of flowers, donations may be made in Steve's memory to Covenant House or the Canadian Diabetes Association. "FOREVER IN OUR HEARTS" Hollyburn Funeral Home 604-922-1221 - See more at: http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/vancouversun/obituary.aspx?n=stephen-john-hardinge&pid=14074473&fhid=5857#sthash.CG5UPsuz.dpuf

Image source: ca.linkedin.com/in/julie-harmgardt-64845215, accessed 4 March 2018
Julie Harmgardt

HARMGARDT, Julie, "Survival of the Fittest: The Failure to Accommodate and Compensate in the Canadian Armed Forces", (2017) 20(2) Canadian Labour & Employment Law Journal 379-420; see http://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/canlemj20&div=19&id=&page= (accessed 4 March 2018);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

Image source: https://www.thestar.com/authors.harper_tim.html, accessed 2 October 2016
Tim Harper
HARPER, Tim, "Campbell takes heat in Somali killing uproar Minister told to explain, not campaign for Tory votes", Toronto Star, Apr 23, 1993, p.A4;
Description: NDP defence critic John Brewin called for [Kim Campbell] to answer questions regarding what she had been told by her
officials and when she knew certain details of the incidents. The job of taking opposition heat in the Commons again fell to Government
House leader Harvie Andre who repeatedly said Campbell's "quasi-judicial" role prevented her from publicly discussing many specifics
of the criminal probes. * March 16 The beating to death of Somali prisoner Shidane Omar Aroni, while in Canadian custody. Five soldiers,
including one who tried to kill himself in the wake of the incident, have been arrested but no charges have been laid.
© ProQuest LLC All rights reserved and primo-pmtna01.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?ct=Next+Page&pag=
, accessed 8 July 2016]

----------- Image source: www.cbc.ca/player/play/1826241863 (accessed 9 Apr 17)
Cartoon by Dewar, The Ottawa Sun, 14 August             General Jean Boyle testifying at the Somalia inquiry
1996: General Boyle, the CDS, testifying before
 the Somalia Commission of Inquiry.

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or out of the web page being viewed

___________"Lack of meeting notes described as 'bizarre' ", Toronto Star, Aug 13, 1996, p. A.4;

Description: OTTAWA - With fallout of the botched Somali mission swirling about them, Gen. Jean Boyle chaired a meeting of the Somalia working group
at defence headquarters each day through October, 1993. But no minutes were ever kept of proceedings, something Somalia inquiry chairperson Gilles Letourneau
yesterday branded ``bizarre.'' (source:
© ProQuest LLC All rights reserved and http://primo-pmtna01.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do;jsessionid=E270606272CFDDD0D15D3C5037A8E5CB?fn=search&ct=search&initialSearch=true&mode=Basic&tab=default_tab&indx=1&dum=true&srt=rank&vid=01LOC&frbg=&vl%28freeText0%29=Lack+of+meeting+notes+described+as+%27bizarre%27&scp.scps=primo_central_multiple_fe, accessed 12 July 2016);

Source: (2003) 1 JAG Newsletter--Les actualités at p. 8
"LCdr Archer KFOR and CD1 received from
Cdr Harrigan [right]"

HARRIGAN, Jane (J.D.), JAG officer, June 1985-November 2011, rank of Commander, see https://ca.linkedin.com/in/jane-harrigan-12515bb4 (accessed 28 October 2017);

____________Testimony before the Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, to which was referred Bill S-10, to amend the National Defence Act, the DNA Identification Act and the Criminal Code, met this day, 15 December 1999,  to give consideration to the bill, available at https://sencanada.ca/en/Content/Sen/committee/362/lega/07ev-e (accessed 28 October 2017); alsoat the Standing Committee of Legal and Constitutional Affairs of the Senate on Bill S-10, on 1 December 1999;

image source: https://www.ualberta.ca/law/faculty-staff/profiles/joanna-harrington, accessed 15 August 2017;  Ms. Harrington is a Professor of Law at the University of Alberta;
Joanna Harrington
HARRINGTON, Joanna, "Teaching", available at http://www.joannaharrington.com/teaching.html (accessed 15 August 2017);
She also contributes to training programs in international law for judges, diplomats, military officers, and other government officials,
serving as a guest instructor for the Canadian Foreign Service Institute and the Judge Advocate General’s continuing legal education
program. She began this work in the UK as a contributor to the training program for members of the British judiciary following the
enactment of the Human Rights Act 1998 and the incorporation of the European Convention on Human Rights into UK law.

Recognizing that faculty also need training opportunities to support the continual development of their teaching, she was one of the
organizers of the first Canadian "Teaching IHL Workshop" in 2012, hosted in partnership with the Canadian Red Cross, the Canadian
Forces Military Law Centre, and the Washington Delegation of the International Committee of the Red Cross. Bringing together law
professors, military lawyers, and humanitarian law practitioners, the two-day workshop focussed on how we teach international
humanitarian law in the Canadian law school setting, whether as a stand-alone course or as part of a course on constitutional law,
international criminal law, international human rights law, or national security law.

Image source: natoassociation.ca/about-us/eimi-harris/, accessed 27 April 2017
Eimi Harris
HARRIS, Eimi, "The Canadian Armed Forces: Integrating Gender Perspectives into Military Culture", Nato Association of Canada, 17 February 2016; available at http://natoassociation.ca/the-canadian-armed-forces-integrating-gender-perspectives-into-military-culture/ (accessed 27 April 2017);

---- Image source: parl.gc.ca/Parliamentarians/en/members/Jack-Harris(3633), accessed 22 December 2016
                                                                                                    Jack Harris

HARRIS, Jack, NDP Defence Critic "Defence platforms. NDP-- NDP proposes a new vision for Defence", available at http://espritdecorps.ca/defence-platforms-ndp/?rq=%22military%20justice%22 (accessed 22 December 2016); note: article written before 19 October 2015 federal election!

We already know that certain problems need to be fixed.

Our Forces need the right equipment to do their jobs, and taxpayers need value for money. The Conservatives have
demonstrated time and again that they aren’t capable of delivering either.

An NDP government would get military procurement back on track. We would implement an open and transparent
bidding process to replace our aging CF-18 fleet, and we would ensure that Canada’s shipbuilding strategy serves
the needs of our military.

We have already committed to enhancing our search and rescue capabilities to meet international standards in
response times, and our capabilities in the North need to be enhanced.

We would be there to support members of the Canadian Armed Forces and their families, in particular when they
are ill or injured.

Mental health challenges, particularly PTSD, continue to be a critical situation, with some of the most severe cases
resulting in death. Despite receiving an abundance of concrete recommendations from experts in the field, and a
comprehensive study undertaken by the House of Commons Standing Committee on National Defence, the current
government has failed to implement many of the recommendations, leaving ill CAF members struggling to find
care. This would receive top priority under an NDP government.

We would also review the Universality of Service rule, which the Canadian Forces Ombudsman has called “arbitrary
and unfair,” and seek to ensure that fear of discharge would not prevent CAF members from coming forward to
obtain treatment for mental health issues.

Finally, there must be a top-to-bottom commitment to eradicate sexual harassment and assault from our military.
We would ensure full implementation of the recommendations of the Deschamps report, and consider required
changes to our military justice system.

Canadians deserve a new vision for defence strategy in the 21st century — one where our military is well-equipped,
world class, and supports its personnel. With an NDP government, they’ll get it.

Kathleen Harris, image soure: http://torontosunfamily.blogspot.ca/2011/03/kathleen-harris-out.html, accessed 11 February 2015

HARRIS, Kathleen, "960 regular force military members reported sexual assault in the past year, StatsCan survey finds:  Gen. Jonathan Vance calls report of incidents after launch of Operation Honour 'regrettably' sobering", CBC-- Politics, 28 November 2017; available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/sexual-misconduct-military-survey-1.3868377 (accessed 2 October 2017);

___________ "Ex-soldier who investigated child porn in military slams $25K 'shut up and go away' money:  Retired military police officer's early termination left him bitter and financially short-changed", CBC News/Politics, 5 December 2016; available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/military-police-ptsd-treatment-child-porn-1.3881733 (accessed 7 December 2016); see also: Stemmler v. Canada (Attorney General) (2016) Federal Court 1299;

___________"From drunkenness and quarrels to desertion and insubordination, military misdeeds are dealt with in-house by a system some see as much tougher than the civilian process .  PART ONE: Military justice", The London Free Press, 26 January 2008; available at  http://city3.lfpress.ca/cgi-bin/publish.cgi?p=222846&s=societe (accessed on 8 May 2012); research note by François Lareau: a second article was published on 27 January 2008 "A look inside Canada's only military prison";

___________"Military reports reveal soldiers, sailors busted for drug dealing: Reports reveal cases involving crystal meth, cocaine trafficking, marijuana grow-ops", CBCNews Politics, 23 April 2015; available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/military-reports-reveal-soldiers-sailors-busted-for-drug-dealing-1.3046559 (accessed 23 May 2016); 

___________from SUN Media, "Painfully absorbed the lesson of Somalia", CNews Features, 27 January 2008; available at http://cnews.canoe.ca/CNEWS/Features/2008/01/24/4791902-sun.html  (accessed on 30 March 2012); also LCol Jiff Wry, director of military justice policy and research in the Office of the Judge Advocate General is interviewed for the article;

Ten years ago, the Somalia inquiry into the torture death of a civilian teen and the subsequent cover-up recommended sweeping changes to
rebuild battered public trust in Canada's military justice system. Ten years later, experts say the once problem-plagued system is stronger
and more accountable but still in need of some fine-tuning.

"If we have not reached equilibrium, we're reaching it," said retired Col. Michel Drapeau, a military law expert who teaches at the
University of Ottawa. "I think DND has painfully absorbed the lesson of Somalia. It has taken a long while, much longer than I thought,
but through time and through changes and through a new generation of people, change has occurred."

Drapeau believes the much-maligned system emerged from the Somalia affair more open and with greater independence between military
police, prosecutors and chain of command. In fact, he said the pendulum may have even swung a bit too far to the extreme.

He believes authorities are going right by the book with disciplinary action in a system that allows for a wider range of charges and stiffer
penalties than for offenders not in uniform.


___________from Sun Media, "Trading a military Uniform for an orange jumpsuit", 26 January 2008, available at http://cnews.canoe.ca/CNEWS/Features/2008/01/24/4791813-sun.html?&pic=0 (accessed 11 February 2015); about military prison;

___________" 'Grossly unfair': Disabled veterans take pension battle with Liberals to Supreme Court.  Case claims federal government breached 'solemn obligation' to care for injured soldier", CBC News Politics, 31 January 2018; available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/disabled-veterans-equitas-supreme-court-1.4510457 (accessed 1 February 2018);

___________"Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale revamps rules around using information gleaned through torture: Intelligence obtained through mistreatment may still be used if needed to prevent death and significant injury", CBC News -- Politics, 25 September 2017; available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/torture-goodale-directive-information-1.4305897(accessed 26 September 2017);

Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale said the goal of new directives released today is to protect the security of Canadians
while ensuring the government is not complicit in torture by foreign states.
Revised rules also come with new reporting requirements, including an annual report and an independent review by the
National Security and Intelligence Committee of Parliamentarians and other bodies.

Image source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Harris_(journalist), accessed 20 Dec 2017
Michael Harris
HARRIS, Michael, "Secret inquiry prior to minister [Coates] quitting PM ordered patronage probe on Coates", The Globe and Mail, Nov 6, 1985, p. A.1;

HARRISON, D.H., 1929-, Major, legal officer and member of the OJAG; appeared for the respondent, Her Majesty the Queen in the case of 
Platt v. R. (1957) 1 Court Martial Appeal Reports  213-235 (before Cameron P., Norris and Bernier J.J.), available at lareau-legal.ca./Platt18y.pdf (put on line on 11 May 2018);  in 1969, still a legal officer, see Canadian Forces Officers' List (Regular), 1969, available at  https://navalandmilitarymuseum.org/sites/default/files/pdf/Navy_List_1969_March_400_dpi.pdf (accessed 16 August 2018);

___________on HARRISON, D., LCol, was either defence counsel or prosecutor (to verify) at the Standing Court Martial R.v. Beardsey 1972 CM, Lahr, Federal Republic of Germany, 29 March 1972, 
source of information:  MADSEN, C.M.V. (Chris Mark Vedel), Military law and operations, Aurora (Ontario): Canada Law Book, c2008-, vol. 3, at p. APP2: 1972-6;

Image source: http://www2.unb.ca/~harrison/, accessed 7 February 2018
Deborah Harrison
HARRISON, Deborah, "The role of military culture in military organizations' responses to woman abuse in military families", (August 2006) 54(3) The Sociological Review.546-574; see her bibliography of hers writings at http://www2.unb.ca/~harrison/ (accessed 7 February 2018);

Image source: http://afs.sagepub.com, accessed 9 February 2015
HARRISON, Deborah, and Lucie Laliberté, "The Competing Claims of Operational Effectiveness and Human Rights in the Canadian Context", (Winter 2008) 34 Armed Forces & Society 208-209;

This article explores the tension between military objectives and the “democracy value” cherished by Western civilian
societies, using the situations of injured military members and the living conditions of civilian spouses; in particular, the
responses of the Canadian Forces to members' posttraumatic stress disorder, and to spouses who are victims of domestic
violence. The authors show how these responses currently privilege military objectives over the democracy value to an
extent that is incompatible with the human rights of civilians or military members. They conclude by discussing how
military leadership training could be modified to produce an altered balance between the two value systems.
(source: http://afs.sagepub.com/content/34/2/208.abstract, accessed on 1 January 2012)

HARTRY, Victor Michael, 1938-2017, obituary, Trenton, Ontario; available at  http://yourlifemoments.ca/sitepages/obituary.asp?oid=1005896 (accessed 6 April 2018);

Vic was a member of the RCAF for 30 years, a commissionaire at CFB Trenton for 3 years and
continued for 14 years as a Paralegal for the Assistant Judge Advocate General in Trenton and
Toronto for a total of 47 years. A Celebration of Life will be arranged in the late spring.

Kevin D. Hartzell, image source: http://www.kutakrock.com/kevin-hartzell/, accessed 11 February 2015

HARTZELL, Kevin D., "Voluntary Warriors: Reserve Force Mobilization in the United States and Canada", (1996) 29(2) Cornell International Law Journal 537-570;

The article focuses on the reserve force mobilization systems in the U.S. and Canada. The Canadian Armed Forces
(CF) have a voluntary mobilization system, such that individual consent of Canadian reservists is needed before
they are deployed internationally. The U.S. reserve mobilization framework is more conducive to voluntary
mobilization due to the greater size of the U.S. reserves. The seven individual components in the reserve force
structure of the U.S. are Armed Forces, Army Reserve, Army National Guard, Navy Reserve, Marine Corps Reserve,
Coast Guard Reserve, Air Force Reserve, and Air National Guard. The reserve forces of the Canadian Armed Forces
(CF) has four cornponents: the Primaty Reserve, the Supplementary Reserve, the Cadet Instructors List, and the
Canadian Rangers.
(source: http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/27665104/voluntary-warriors-reserve-force-mobilization-united-states-canada, accessed 13 January 2015)

HARVEY, R.O.D. (R.C.D.?), Major, JAG at military district number 2 in Toronto during WW II; acted also as Judge-Advocate for courts martial, see "Five Buckingham Girls Testify To Drinking And Dancing With German Prisoners of War in Thurso Hotel", Sherbrooke Daily Record, Tuesday, 28 mars 1944 at pp. 1 and 2; available at http://collections.banq.qc.ca/retrieve/7619561 (accessed 6 April 2018);

___________on HARVEY, R.C.D., Major, was Assistant Judge Advocate General
in military district number 2 with Headquarters in Toronto  1943,  see The Quarterly Army List, October 1943, Part I, London: His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1943 at p. 162 (bottom page number) or p. 178A (top page number), available at https://deriv.nls.uk/dcn23/8903/89030567.23.pdf  (accessed 21 March 2019); the other legal officers there were  Captain Stivers, R.M.R. from Q.Y. Rang. and Maj. Dean, D.G, from General List, this information from the same pages;

____________Major Harvey
was the judge advocate  in the following court martial referred in the article: "Court-Martial Tries Charges of Criminal Negligence", Globe and Mail, 1944/01/07, available at https://collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5028991 (accessed 4  September 2018);

____________on MAJOR R.D. Harvey, see his photo hereunder, at Times Colonist, Victoria, British Columbia, 15 January 1942 at p. 12, available at https://www.newspapers.com/...., accessed 20 June 2020;

Susan J. Haslip
image source: https://www.tm17.ca/videos/panel-expanding-scope/, accessed 29 April 2019

HASLIP, Susan,  A Critical Consideration of Contemporary Provisions for the Use of Military Force Against Aboriginal Peoples in Canada, mémoire de maîtrise en droit, c. 2002, University of Ottawa; mentioned in (2002) 62 La Revue du Barreau 465; title noted on 26 October 2003 but thesis not consulted yet;

___________A Critical Consideration of the Use of the Aid to Civil Power Provision Against Aboriginal Peoples in Light of Promises of Protection Made to Aboriginal Peoples in Canada, in 5th Annual Graduate Student Symposium Proceedings 2002, Conference of Defence Associations Institute, Ottawa, 2002; available at http://www.cda-cdai.ca/symposia/2002/haslip.htm (accessed on 9 February 2006) and see also http://www.cda-cdai.ca/symposia.htm (accessed on 9 February 2006);

___________"The Use of State Force Against First Peoples in Canada: A Critical Consideration of the Aid  to Civil Power Provision", 2006, 19 p.;  available at http://www.cda-acd.forces.gc.ca/aborig_conference_autoch/engraph/docs/aidtocivilpower.pdf  (accessed on 24 July 2008);

Maira Hassan
image source: graduate.allard.ubc.ca/mairahassan/, accessed 24 December 2019

HASSAN, Maira, Making 'Space' for Women in Canadian Peacekeeping: The Battle of Closing the Gap, a thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of master of Law in the Faculty of Graduate and Post Doctoral Studies (Law), LL.M. thesis, The University of British Columbia, December 2017, vii, 154 p.; available at https://open.library.ubc.ca/cIRcle/collections/ubctheses/24/items/1.0362412 (accessed 24 December 2019);


Women account for a small percentage of military peacekeepers. In the Canadian context, the lack
of gender parity was a concern at the recent United Nations Peacekeeping Defence Ministerial
conferences, the most recent one taking place in Vancouver, Canada. This thesis examines the
‘space’ of peacekeeping, its evolution over the years, including a brief history of Canada’s
involvement in military peacekeeping and women’s role in it. The research discusses the
implications of highlighting benefits of having women in peacekeeping, the major systemic
barriers for women in the Canadian Armed Forces and consequently in Canadian military
peacekeeping. Using a feminist legal theory lens, the thesis analyzes the United Nations
Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 and its national implementation in Canada.
The thesis also remarks on key conceptual issues and possible contradictions in military
peacekeeping, acknowledging the gendered ‘space’ of international law, peace and security.
Although the study does not provide concrete suggestions for reform, it puts forth
considerations for change, new ways of thinking and advocating for systemic transformations
for gender equality. This research study uses mixed methods, drawing from existing literature,
relevant documents received through the Access to Information Request (ATIR) procedure and
through expert interviews. The 22 interview participants consisted of senior officials in the
Canadian Armed Forces, policy experts, legal professionals and academics with relevant expertise
in peacekeeping and the Canadian military. Thus, the study contributes original insights to the
discussion of Canadian peacekeeping, attempting to pave a new way forward as Canada seeks
to reestablish its identity as a leader in peacekeeping and international peace and security.

Source: blg.com/students/en/students/Hassan-Taha, accessed 6 April 2018
Taha Hassan, lawyer with the law firm: Borden Ladner Gervais

HASSAN, Taha, "Better Know a Court: Canada’s Courts Martial", Ultra vires The independent student newspaper of the University of Toronto Faculty of Law, 16 November 2015; available at http://ultravires.ca/2015/11/better-know-a-court-canadas-courts-martial/ (accessed 3 February 2016);

Detention involves being sent to Canada’s military prison in Edmonton, where inmates undergo, by regulation, a “routine and training [that] require[s] the maximum
effort and the strictest discipline.” Every aspect of the 15-hour days is scheduled, with an emphasis on military drill and scrubbing rooms and equipment, while in uniform.
For the first two weeks, inmates are not allowed to smoke or speak without permission. After this first stage, they are allowed to speak to others for a maximum of 30
minutes per day, use the library, and have visitors. Inmates are penalized for such misbehaviours as idleness, inattention, attempting to communicate, swearing, singing,
and whistling. The most severe punishment available is days in solitary confinement in a barren cell, unable to lie down, in socks and underwear, fed only bread and water.
Consider yourselves warned, I guess.

 Image source: http://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-retired-colonel-geoff-haswell-leaves-his-court-martial-for-a-break-118257272.html, accessed 7 May 2017
Colonel Geoff Haswell
HASWELL, David, Colonel, on, see CRARY, David, "Colonel who Accused Officials of Cover-Up Now Facing Court Martial", AP News Archives, 4 April 1996, available at http://www.apnewsarchive.com/1996/Colonel-who-Accused-Officials-of-Cover-Up-Now-Facing-Court-Martial/id-8f38e9b481baf7339ae57b262c02ebe8 (accessed 7 May 2017); about Colonel Geoff Haswell who was acquitted at his court martial;

__________on HASWELL, David, Colonel, see LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA, Files on General Court Martial of Lt-Col G. Haswell [textual record]. 1985-1997, predominant 1996-1997. Accession. RG24. BAN2008-00243-8. Textual material. [Access: Restricted by law]. Government.   Holland was a member of the Assistant Judge Advocate General's Central Region office at the time of this case. Copyright belongs to the Crown;

HAWKINS, Bernie B.M., was a captain with the OJAG in 1985 (source: Canadian Forces Officer's List (Regular) (Bilingual), A-AD-224-001/AF-001, 1985-11-20, obtained from DND, Access to Information and Privacy, file A-2019-00318, 13 February 2020);

___________on Bernie HAWKINS, see his photo with other OJAG members at https://www.flickr.com/photos/xjag/9677364654/in/album-72157623951146254/ and https://www.flickr.com/photos/xjag/9674134835/in/album-72157623951146254/  (accessed 23 September 2020);

HAWKINS, P.A., Captain was defence counsel in the Disciplinary Court Martial R. v. Laary 1983 CM 76,  source of information:  MADSEN, C.M.V. (Chris Mark Vedel), Military law and operations, Aurora (Ontario): Canada Law Book, c2008-, vol. 3, at p. APP2: 1983-19;

Laurie Hawn, image source: http://www.parl.gc.ca/Parliamentarians/en/members/Laurie-Hawn, accessed on 9 May 2014

HAWN, Laurie, "Laurie Hawn on Strengthening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Act", in the House of Commons, 26 November  2010; available at http://openparliament.ca/hansards/2324/1/only/ (accessed on 16 January 2012);

Douglas Hay, image source: http://www.osgoode.yor
, accessed 11 February 2015
HAY, Douglas, "Civilians Tried in Military Courts: Quebec, 1759-64", in Murray Greenwood, 1935-,  and Barry Wright, 1957-, eds., Canadian State Trials, Toronto: Osgoode Society, 1996, at pp. 114-126; available at https://apps.osgoode.yorku.ca/osgmedia.nsf/0/A734CE1602A30FFD85257DA2006A8AD3/$FILE/6%20-%20Civilians%20Tried%20in%20Military%20Courts.pdf, accessed on 13 January 2015; also available in part at https://books.google.ca/books?id=4Ps2DwAAQBAJ&pg=PP1&lpg=PP1&dq=Canadian+State+Trials+Volume+I:+Law,+Politics,+and&source=bl&ots=Ldx4XTGDl6&sig=8JmbCbCy2tBDiQK_yjATH9I4nR8&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwibyZPmt_PbAhXXqYMKHcmEDo4Q6AEITTAJ#v=onepage&q=Canadian%20State%20Trials%20Volume%20I%3A%20Law%2C%20Politics%2C%20and&f=false (accessed 27 June 2018);

Image source: https://www.rmcc-cmrc.ca/en/history/ronald-g-haycock-ba-ma-phd-emeritus-professor, accessed 5 October 2016
Prof. Ronald G. Haycock
HAYCOCK, Ronald G., " ‘GETTING HERE FROM THERE’: TRAUMA AND TRANSFORMATION IN CANADIAN MILITARY EDUCATION", (2004) 32(2) Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies 43-64; available at http://scientiamilitaria.journals.ac.za/pub/article/view/125/156 (accessed 5 October 2016); Note: Professor Haycock, Military History and War Studies, Royal Military College of Canada;


In early 1997, the Canadian Minister of National Defence publicly issued an excoriating report that roundly condemned the poor
state of leadership, ethics discipline, professional knowledge and education in the Canadian Armed Forces particularly among
officers. His public exposure stemmed from a series of traumatic events that occurred in the four previous years. The most
damning one had been the appalling revelation that some soldiers of the Canadian Airborne Regiment, then on a peacekeeping
mission in Somalia, had beaten to death a young Somali teenager. The trail led right back to senior officers in Canada and there
was evidence of a cover-up. The embarrassed government was forced into appointing a top level Somalia Commission of Inquiry1.
Then, in the next several months, followed revelations recorded on camera of grotesque initiation rites and racism in airborne units
and others. The usually complacent and unmilitary Canadian public was shocked and indignant.2 The government promptly
disbanded the Canadian Airborne Regiment. How, many asked, did the Canadian Forces get here from its excellent performance
in past decades? It had fought well in both World Wars, in Korea and had served with great distinction in the many United Nations
missions since that time. Canadians, after all prided themselves believing that their forces were the humanitarian ‘honest northern
brokers’ and perhaps the world’s best peacekeepers.
[source: http://scientiamilitaria.journals.ac.za/pub/article/view/125, accessed 5 October 2016]

Peter T. Haydon, image source: http://www.dal.ca/dept/cfps/fellows/haydon.html, accessed on 8 May 2014

HAYDON, Peter T. (Peter Trevor),  "The Somalia Inquiry: Can It Solve Anything?" (Spring 1997) 26(3) Canadian Defence Quarterly 20-23; also published in Toronto: Canadian Institute of Strategic Studies = Institut canadien d'études stratégiques, 1997, 4 p.  (series; Strategic Datalink; 62), copy at the University of Ottawa, MRT General, U 162 .S75 v.62 1997;

Michael Head, source:https://www.federationpress.com.au/bookstore/author.asp?id=757

HEAD, Michael, 1952-, Domestic military powers, law and human rights : calling out the armed forces, Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge, 2020; covers Canada at chapter 5; see https://books.google.ca/books/about/Domestic_Military_Powers_Law_and_Human_R.html?id=FfvADwAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=kp_read_button&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false, accessed 12 August 2020; chapter 5 on Canada is partly available  at https://books.google.ca/books?hl=en&lr=&id=FfvADwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PT4&dq=%22military+lawyers%22+canada&ots=sNT5hoJjSW&sig=cwAwJU86CMIJxhvc22uInVUFvNQ#v=onepage&q&f=false (accessed 17 December 2020);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

Image source: http://www.ashgate.com/isbn/9780754673460, accessed on 10 February 2015

HEAD, Michael, 1952-, and Scott Mann, 1952-, Domestic Deployment of the Armed Forces, Military Powers, Law and Human Rights, Farnham, Surrey, England; Burlington, VT : Ashgate Pub., c2009, x, 203 p., and see Chapter 4, "Canada: Making 'Domestic Security' a Core Mission", at pp. 63 to 80  (series; International and Comparative Criminal Justice), ISBN:  9780754673460 (hbk.: alk. paper), 0754673464 (hbk. : alk. paper) and 9780754691259 (ebk.); preview at http://books.google.ca/books?id=OcaQ341m4PEC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false (accessed on  1 December 2011); copy at Ottawa University, Brian Dickson Law Library FTX General  K 4720 .H43 2009;

HEADRICK, Jayson (Jay) S., LCdr, legal officer with the OJAG, works at AJAG Edmonton (information as of April 2017; with the reserve force; works with Suncor Energy;

Image source: albertacourts.ca/images/default-source/default-album/drnpnieu0aayiii.jpg?sfvrsn=5d1cb880_0, accessed 28 March 2019

___________on HEADRICK, Jay, see, Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta, "News and Announcements:"We Have Not Forgotten" Call to the Bar and Remembrance Ceremony", 25 March 2019, available at  https://albertacourts.ca/qb/resources/announcements/we-have-not-forgotten-call-to-the-bar-and-remembrance-ceremony (accessed 28 March 2019); includes video of ceremonly at https://www.albertacourts.ca/video/CCC_Remembrance_Day.mp4; see also "Posthumous Bar Call November 9, 2018", available at http://legalarchives.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/Call-to-the-Bar_2_Jay-Headrick_Application.pdf (accessed 28 March 2019);

Associate Chief Justice Rooke accepted the application for the next 12 students, which was made by
Lieutenant Commander Jay Headrick, Office of the Judge Advocate General, Deputy Judge Advocate
Calgary and then-vice president of the Calgary Bar Association.

____________recent photo of LCdr Jay Headrick, source: twitter.com/JAGCAF?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Eauthor, JAG Twitter account, 26 November 2019,  at 12h00, accessed 27 November 2019;

LCdr Jay Headrick is the middle person.

Andrew Heard, photo source: http://www.sfu.ca/politics/faculty/full-time/andrew_heard.html, accessed on 7 April 2014

HEARD, Andrew D., "Military Law and the Charter of Rights" (1988) 11 Dalhousie Law Journal 514-545;

Jean-Claude Hébert, photo source: http://affaires.lapresse.ca/dossiers/litiges-economiques/201201/23/01-4488377-lamf-contre-la-souveraine-sur-le-chemin-de-la-cour-supreme.php, accessed on 7 April 2014

HÉBERT, Jean-C. (Jean-Claude),  "Torture des  prisonniers afghans.  Qui peut controler le gouvernement Harper?" (mai 2010) 42(5) Le Journal -- Barreau du Québec 10; disponible à http://www.barreau.qc.ca/pdf/journal/vol42/201005.pdf (vérifié le 5 mars 2012);

Complicité de torture

Rappelons pour mémoire que la convention de Genève relative au traitement des prisonniers de guerre énonce que « aucune
torture physique ou morale ni aucune contrainte ne pourra être exercée sur les prisonniers de guerre pour obtenir d'eux des
renseignements de quelque sorte que ce soit ».  Un membre des forces canadiennes se rend coupable d’un acte criminel3 pour
un acte de torture commis par un tiers afin d’obtenir des renseignements d’un prisonnier. Les militaires canadiens qui, en
connaissance de cause, transfèrent des détenus aux forces afghanes engagent leur responsabilité pénale.

Dans l’armée canadienne, un directeur des poursuites militaires est responsable du processus d’inculpation devant la Cour
martiale. Il agit sur présentation des dossiers d’enquête colligés par la police militaire. Celle-ci se gouverne en fonction du
code de discipline militaire.  Faute d’une directive gouvernementale prohibant expressément aux soldats canadiens en Afghanistan
de confier des prisonniers aux militaires afghans, il serait étonnant que Peter McKay, ministre de la Défense, prenne l’initiative
d’incriminer son personnel pour des actes de complicité de torture.  Son collègue Rob Nicholson, procureur général, attend le
rapport de Frank Iacobucci pour décider ce qu’il sait ou aurait dû savoir.  D’ici là, motus, bouche cousue !

Face au déni gouvernemental bien charpenté, la possibilité d’imputer une responsabilité pénale aux grandes pointures de la
chaîne de commandement, incluant le ministre de la Défense, relève de l’utopie. (notes omises).

___________"Transfert des prisonniers afghans: le trou noir des talibans",  Le Journal Barreau du Québec, mars 2008, volume 40, numéro 3, à la p. 10; disponible à  http://www.barreau.qc.ca/pdf/journal/vol40/200803.pdf (vérifié le 8 aout 2015);

Paul C. Hébert, source de l'image:              Barbara Sibbald, image source:
ccctg.ca/Members/BIO/Dr-Paul-C              https://www.linkedin.com
-Hebert.aspx, site condulté le 8
février 2018

HÉBERT, Paul C. and Barbara Sibbald, "Protecting privacy of health information for those who serve and protect us", (23 November 2010) 182(17) Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) 55; available at  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2988547/ (accessed 8 February 2018);

HEBLY, Peter, Air Commodore, Directorate Legal Affairs, Netherlands Ministry of Defence, LCol JM Cambron and LCol Tammy Tremblay, Office of the Judge Advocate General, Canadian Armed Forces, XXth Congress of the ISMLLW-Prague, Report to the ISMLLW–Findings from the ISMLLW Questionnaire on the Challenges in the Implementation of IHL, available at http://www.ismllw.org/congres/2015_04_14_Prague_textes%20des%20orateurs/2015-04-15%20EN.pdf (accessed 10 November 2016); see also the QUESTIONNAIRE FOR THE PRAGUE CONGRESS, available at (accessed 10 November 2016); see also Report on the Questionnaire  at http://www.ismllw.org/congres/2015_04_21_Prague_rep%20quest.pdf (accessed 10 November 2016);
HEBLY, Peter, Commodore de l’air, Direction des affaires juridiques, Ministère de la défense des Pays Bas, LCol Tammy Tremblay, Cabinet du Juge-avocat général Forces armées canadiennes, 20ième Congrès de la SIDMDG Prague,  Rapport de la SIDMDG – Constats tirés des réponses au Questionnaire sur les défis de la mise-en-oeuvre du DIH, disponible à http://www.ismllw.org/congres/2015_04_14_Prague_textes%20des%20orateurs/2015-04-15%20FR.pdf (visité 10 novembre 2016);note: the name of LCol J' Cambron does not appear as one of the authors in the French version;


Rachel Lea Heide, image source: https://ca.linkedin.com/pub/rachel-lea-heide/23/3b6/730, accessed 11 February 2015

HEIDE, Rachel Lea, Obligation of the Home Front: The Necessity of Cultural Awareness Training for Interventions in the New World Order, Presented at "After the Fall: Theory and Practice of Post-Intervention Security", Centre for Security and Defence Studies Conference, 10 March 2006 (Ottawa, Ontario), 36 p.; available at http://www3.carleton.ca/csds/docs/Heide%20final%20paper.pdf  (accessed on 3 November 2014);

Image source: sun025.sun.ac.za/portal/page/portal/Arts/English/research/nrf/heinecken, accessed 4 July 2016
Prof. Lindy Heinecken

HEINECKEN, Lindy, "Military unionism and the management of employee relations within the armed forces: a comparative perspective", (December 2010) 26(4) International Journal of Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations 401-419;


Many find the prospect of military unions totally inimical to the nature and functioning of the armed forces. Yet, a number of countries allow
some form of military unionism, while others vehemently resist any form of independent union based on the premise that this undermines
discipline, cohesion, and loyalty. This article examines how four different countries – the United Kingdom, Canada, South Africa, and Germany –
have dealt with the issue of military unionism. The British Armed Forces, like many other English-speaking countries, have tended to approach
employee relations from a typically unitarist position, which translates into union suppression or avoidance. The Canadian Armed Forces opted
to circumvent the need for a military union by adopting a more human relations or neo-unitarist approach to employee relations. In South Africa,
the military has been obliged by legal decree to accept a more pluralist dispensation, which has led to an overtly confrontational employment
relationship. In Germany, where a union-like professional association exists, the approach has been more cooperative, even corporatist, typifying
the European experience and philosophy towards unions, even in the military. In analysing the management of employee relations from these
different typologies, the implications of union avoidance and acceptance within the armed forces are evaluated.
[source: https://www.kluwerlawonline.com/abstract.php?area=Journals&id=IJCL2010025, accessed 4 July 2016]


Richard Hewson, a former JAG officer was named a Provincial
Court judge. ("Image Credit: Richard Hewson Law Office/ YouTube")

HELSTON, Charlotte, "Two Okanagan lawyers now judges", 12 December 2013, available at http://infotel.ca/newsitem/two-okanagan-lawyers-now-judges/it6634 (accessed 9 January 2017);

VERNON - Two lawyers from the Okanagan have been appointed Provincial Court judges.

Minister of Justice Suzanne Anton announced the appointments of criminal law lawyer Richard Hewson
and family law lawyer Lisa Wyatt on Thursday. Hewson’s appointment is effective Dec. 23, 2013, and
Wyatt’s Dec. 30.


Hewson earned his bachelor of laws from the University of Victoria in 1994 and was called to the B.C. bar
in 1995. He began his law career as an articled student at Boulton Muldoon in Vancouver. He became
an associate there in 1995, and in 1997 moved on to be an associate with Davidson & Co until 2000, when
he became a lawyer with Richard Hewson Law Corporation. Between 2001 and 2003, he was also a legal
officer with the Office of the Judge Advocate General.

Hewson’s law practice focuses on defending people charged with crimes like trafficking or production of
marijuana, white collar crime, sexual or domestic assault, and dangerous or impaired driving. [emphasis in size
and bold added]

HELWER, Chantel (Chantel Anne-Marie), lawyer and a member of the Law Society of Ontario; works at DND/Canadian Forces Office of The Legal Advisor, Ottawa; also an officer in the reserves;

to LCdr Chantel Helwer, who was promoted today at NDHQ (Carling)",

___________on HELWER, Chantel, see "Congrats to AJAG Central Reservist, Lieutenant (Navy) Chantel Helwer, who, with her baby as witness, received (virtually) the @JusticeCanadaEN Litigation Award 2020 for her work with the

@National Defence / @CanadianForces sexual misconduct class action lawsuit"; see also https://twitter.com/JAGCAF/status/1314264533955940352 (accessed 9 October 2020);

___________on HELWER, Chantel, see https://www.linkedin.com/in/chantel-helwer/

Source: ca.linkedin.com/in/marc-andr%C3%A9-h%C3%A9mond-ma-pmp-277538b6, accessed 29 August 2018;

Marc-André Hémond

HÉMOND, Marc-André, "Canadian Military Law and Courts Martial during the Great War", paper, The Second Military and Oral History Conference: Between Memory and History, Victoria, BC, Canada, 5-7 May 2010, Victoria Inner Harbor Marriott Hotel, Paper Abstract, available at http://web.uvic.ca/~veterans/Marc-Andre%20Hemond%20U%20of%20Manitoba.htm (accessed 11 May 2016); contact person Dr. David Zimmerman, Department of History, University of Victoria;

           This paper addresses the significance of military legal history as oral history, as well as the
problems presented in studying this field due to the quality of the material available. The courts-martial
documents of Canadian trials during the Great War were micro-filmed from 1950-1954, consisting of 46
reels held at Library and Archives Canada. The files contain various documents regarding a trial, specifically
the summaries of evidence and trial transcripts. Both offer oral accounts of the crime being investigated
and were transcribed at the time of the testimony. The preservation of these documents allows for a novel
area of study which has yet to be done within Canadian historiography: the oral history of crimes and trials
of Canadian soldiers during the Great War.

            However, there are difficulties which arise from attempting such a study caused by the process of micro-filming:
the quality of micro-filming is particularly poor. Furthermore, the micro-films themselves lack organization. Library and
Archives Canada provides an index which a researcher can consult to find the reel on which a particular case can be found.
However, the index lists the files by file number, which is lacking on nearly all of the files contained in the reels. What
then can a scholarly researcher reconstruct about Canadian military case law during the Great War?

___________Military law, courts martial and the Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1914-1918,  Thesis (M.A.)--University of Manitoba, 2008, iii, 94 leaves, advisor: DeLloyd J. Guth; available at http://mspace.lib.umanitoba.ca/jspui/handle/1993/21177 (accessed 19 June 2015); also available at http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/thesescanada/vol2/002/MR50543.PDF (accessed 22 June 2017); according to my research of 29 August 2018, a Mr. Marc-André Hémond works at Shared Services Canada as a Senior Analyst;

Abstract – Introduction – Historiography – Shell shock and the Great War – Legal status of the CEF – Theory of military law –
Legislations and procedures for courts martial – Select cases – Assessment of courts martial – Conclusion.
[source: http://ares.cfc.forces.gc.ca/rooms/portal/media-type/html/language/en/country/US/user/anon/page/Sirsi_AdvancedCatalogSearch,accessed on 1 Januray 2012]

Research into the history of Canadian military law during the Great War has received scant attention by historians.
British studies into the subject have,until recently, been political in nature, with a focus on discrediting the
legality and conclusions of courts martial during the war. However, the research done on the subject has been plagued
by methodological problems, resulting in political conclusions which are not supported by historical evidence. In
an effort to redefine the subject of military law during the Great War, this study critically engages the previous work
done on the subject, establishes the legal status of the Canadian forces during the war, re-constructs the theory of military
law and the procedures and legislation of courts martial during the war, and provides concrete examples of specific
court martial cases. The significance of the conclusions derived from this study demonstrates that there is reason to doubt
the predominant assumption that courts martial during the war were arbitrary, and questions the arguments infavour of pardons
for those executed during the war. Finally, this study illustrates the need for analyses of court martial trials specifically,
rather than crimes, in an effort to provide a more accurate historical understanding of Canadian military law during the Great War.
(Source: http://amicus.collectionscanada.ca/aaweb-bin/aamain/itemdisp?sessionKey=1307288528036_142_78_200_11&l=0&lvl=1&v=0&itm=37384111&rt=1&bill=1, accessed 5 June 2011)
Source of photo: http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/about-org-structure/former-cds.page, accessed 8 November 2015
General R.R. Henault

HENAULT, R.R. (Ray), "Modern Canadian Generalship in Conflict Resolution", (July-October 2000) vol. 3 JAG Newsletter 51-58; see in particular the sections "Ethical Issues" and "Legal Issues", at pp. 55-56;

Because of the circumstances that led up to the Kosovo Air Campaign, combined with
the need to minimize collateral damage, lawyers, military and otherwise, had a prominent
role to play during the Kosovo crisis.  One of the major accomplishments for the CF
during this campaign was the creation of a national targeting policy that established a
process by which targets assigned to CF pilots were reviewed and validated.  This process
was essential to ensure that the CF demonstrated due diligence in the acceptance of NATO
assigned targets.  Among other things, this process included both a legal and moral
evaluation of each and every target, where a military lawyer would assess the target in terms
of the Geneva Conventions governing the Laws of War.  It would be confirmed that the
target was a justifiable military objective and that its value outweighed the potential costs of
collateral damage.  This litmus test was done by NATO before the targets were assigned, and,
for targets assigned to Canada, it was also repeated by a Canadian legal officer, and the chain of
command, where necessary, to ensure that it met Canadian legal and moral standards.  If it did
not meet the Canadian standard, then the Task Force Commander was given the authority to
refuse the target, with the full support of the chain of command.

Another important legal and moral aspect of operations is the Rules of Engagement (ROE) that
are assigned to the participating forces.  The ROE process has come a long way in the past ten
years, to the point where ROE development and authorization is a mature and well-structured
process.  This was particularly important during the Kosovo crisis, where the overwhelming
sensitivity to collateral damage required very clear and strict ROE.  Fortunately, combined with
the extensive targeting review, the ROE assigned proved very successful for the CF.  This was
really a tribute to the discipline and training of the Canadian aircrew who flew the missions over
Kosovo and fully respected and applied the assigned ROE.  If at any time during an actual
bombing attack the pilot was either uncertain about the target itself, or if he was concerned about
the potential of collateral damage, he was under very clear instructions to abort his mission and to
bring the bombs back.  This, in fact, happened on many missions.

With the on-going changes in the "Laws of Armed Conflict", and the varying situations under which
the CF is being asked to deploy and operate, the military lawyer is becoming one of the commander's
most important advisors.  Therefore, the requirement to carefully review, and build into an operational
plan, the legal considerations and consequences pertaining to a specific mission cannot be overstated.  

___________photo of Raymond Henault with other OJAG members:

From the left: Gen Hénault, CDS, BGen Jerry Pitzul, JAG and
Col (Ret'd) Arthur MacDonald, 1 October 2002 on the book
launch of Arthur MacDonald's book Canada's Military Lawyers,
(image source: JAG Newsletter/Les actualités du JAG,
volume 1, 2003, p. 3).

Image source:  http://www.amazon.ca/Generalship-art-admiral-Perspectives-leadership/dp/1551250608, accessed 8 November 2015
Modern Canadian Generalship in Conflict Resolution:Kosovo as a Case Study", in Bernd Horn and Stephen J. Harris, eds.,  in Generalship and the art of the admiral: Perspectives on Canadian senior military leadership, St. Catharines, Ont. : Vanwell Publishing, c2001, 560 p., ill.; 24 cm. NOTES: Includes bibliographical references and index.  ISBN: 155125056X and 1551250608 (pbk.);

Source de l'image: http://www.amazon.in/Fonction-General-LArt-LAmiraute-Lieutenant-Colonel/dp/1550023675, visité 8 novembre 2015
___________"Le commandement canadien moderne et le règlement des conflits", dans, sous la direction de  Bernd Horn, 1959-, et Stephen J. Harris, La fonction de général et l'art de l'amirauté : perspectives du leadership militaire canadien,  Toronto : Dundurn Press, 2002, 579 p., aux pp. 288-302: ill. ; 24 cm. NOTES: Traduction de: Generalship and the art of the admiral. Comprend des réf. bibliogr.  ISBN: 1550023675; en partie à https://books.google.ca/books?id=fTZG-p5NYkYC&pg=PA288&lpg=PA288&dq=Henault+Because+of+the+circumstances+that+led+up+to+the+Kosovo&source=bl&ots=_fZ3KuJzsH&sig=7PKz9bQxKjL820ViLJAaf_U8c7I&hl=fr&sa=X&ved=0CEwQ6AEwBWoVChMIwMqb3ruAyQIVwhkeCh1NIQd5#v=onepage&q=Henault%20Because%20of%20the%20circumstances%20that%20led%20up%20to%20the%20Kosovo&f=false (vérifié 8 novembre 2015); aussi disponible en version électronique, ISBN: 9781550029239;

HÉNAULT, Richard,  "Le capiraine Boivin acquitté et blanchi: La Cour d'appel renverse tous les verdicts de la cour martiale", Le soleil, le 16 décembre 1998, Cahier A, page A3; disponible à https://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2888683 (site consulté le 7 octobre 2020);

Me Paul Mercier avec son client le capitaine
Richard Boivin
(Photo: Archives Le Soleil, J.M. Villeneuve)

HENCH, Florence Lang Campbell, member of the OJAG, second world war, see "Deaths--HENCH, Florence Lang Campbell", The Globe and Mail, 17 March 1998, at p. A13;

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ProQuest Historical Newspapers
https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca...., accessed 3 March 2019

HENDERSON, J.L., 1929-, legal officer with the rank of Commander in 1969; acted as defence counsel in the court martial referred to in the article: "Severe Rerimand issued--Captain Guilty of negligence in grounding", The Globe and Mail, 17 October 1968, at p. 8:

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ProQuest Historical Newspapers
https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca...., accessed 24 November 2018

HENDERSON, Robert J. ("Rob"), Captain, legal officer with the OJAG; was Regional Military Prosecutions Western and Counsel for Her Majesty the Queen in the case of Liwyj A.E. (Corporal), R. v., 2008 CM 2001 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/27zp1> (accessed 10 May 2018); graduated from University of Calgary; MLTP lawyer;

HENDERSON,  Scott, died on 24 January 2002; retired as commander with the OJAG in 1973;

Source:  "Alumni/Anciens membres - HENDERSON, SCOTT" in , (2003) 1 JAG Newsletter -- Les actualités 87;

___________on HENDERSON, Commander Scott, see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at pp. 91, 211 and 213, available at  i-xii and 1-102 and 103-242;

HENDERSON, W.D., "Military Law and Combat Effective Military Units" in Canada, Department of National Defence, Summary Trial Working Group Report, vol. 2, internal document, March 1993, mentioned in Paul Cormier, "La Justice militaire canadienne: le procès sommaire est-il conforme à l'article 11(d) de la Charte canadienne des droits et libertés?", (2000) 45 McGill Law Journal 209-262 at p. 256, note 201;

Stuart Hendin, image source: http://ca.linkedin.com/pub/stuart-hendin-qc/7/26/293, accessed on 7 April 2014

HENDIN, Stuart, "Amnesty International Canada et al v Chief of the Defence Staff for the Canadian Forces et al. : A Failed Strategy that Lead to a Flawed Judgment",  (2008) 20 (No. 2)  Sri Lanka Journal of International Law 209-274;

___________"Detainees in Afghanistan: The Balance Between Human Rights Law and International Humanitarian Law for Foreign Military Forces", (2007) 14(3) Tilburg Law Review 249-271;

___________ "Do as we say, Not as we do: A Critical Examination of the Agreement for the Transfer of Detainees between the Canadian Forces and the Ministry of Defence of Afghanistan", (2007) 7 New Zealand Armed Forces Law Review 18;

The article discusses the Agreement for the Transfer of Detainees Between the Canadian Forces and the Ministry of Defence of
Afghanistan, signed in December 2005. Particular focus is given on provisions, which include the implementation of the four
Geneva Convention and Additional Protocols that pertain to the humanitarian treatment of prisoners of war (POW) in Afghanistan.
It is meant to guarantee that POW are provided adequate detention areas and safety from torture during capture, detention and
transfer by Canadian Forces to Afghanistan authorities.
(source: http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/27552828/do-as-we-
say-not-as-we-do-critical-examination-agreement-transfer-detainees-between-canadian-forces-ministry-defence-afghanistan, accessed 4 April 2017)

___________"Extraterritorial Application of Human Rights : The Differing Decisions of Canadians and UK Courts", (January 2010) 28 Windsor Review of Legal  and Social Issues 57-86;

The courts of two common law jurisdictions, Canada and the United Kingdom, reached opposite results on the issue of extraterritorial
application of domestic human rights instruments. The Canadian Court misapprehended the issue of jurisdiction and control as enunciated
by the ECHR, and failed to consider in detail that portion of cases from both the English Court of Appeal and House of Lords that applied
directly to the extraterritorial application of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms as it pertains to detainee opreations conducted
by the Canadian Forces in Afghanistan.
(source: http://web.archive.org/web/20110708132118/http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/ihl-bibliography-1st-trimester-2010.pdf, accessed on 15 March 2013);

____________biographical notes (not necessarilty written by):
Specializing in International Humanitarian Law, International Human Rights, International Criminal Law, Security Sector Reform
and Justice Sector Reform, Stuart has practiced and instructed internationally on the Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC/IHL),
the application of human rights & criminal law to military operations and the establishment of post conflict legal standards
in failing and failed states.  After a long career of litigation that included representing his clients at the Supreme Court of
Canada and acting as outside counsel to the Speaker of the Senate, Stuart now teaches for the Canadian Forces on the
subjects of morality, ethics and professional leadership. Stuart also lectures at Algonquin College in Ottawa, the NATO
School at Oberammergau, the Austrian Defense Academy and is a designated SME for the Centre for the Centre of Civil
Military Relations (CCMR) in Monterey California.  Appointed Queen’s Counsel by the Government of Canada, Stuart is
a member of the Law Society of Upper Canada (Ontario), the Canadian Bar Association, the International Institute for
International Humanitarian Law, the International Society for Military Law and the Law of War, the American Society of
International Law and the Canadian Forces Intelligence Branch Association. He holds a Bachelor’s degree from the
University of Ottawa, a Master’s degree from Carleton University, a Bachelor of Law/JD degree from Queen’s University,
a Master of Law from the National University of Ireland and is in the process of defending his doctoral dissertation in
‘Command Responsibility’ at the University of Ottawa. (source: http://www.stratredteam.com/team.html, accessed 19 April 2015);

____________"Murphy’s Law:  The Canadian Treatment of Detainees in Afghanistan:  Are Human Rights Law and International Humanitarian Law Obligations Circumvented?"(2007) 26(1) University of Queensland Law Journal 157-178; available at http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/journals/UQLawJl/2007/9.pdf (accessed 18 October 2017);

___________ "Unpunished War Criminals, The Shameful Legacy of Canada's Military Involvement in Afghanistan", (2013) 34(3) Liverpool Law Review 291-310; see footnotes etc. at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10991-013-9136-x (accessed 21 December 2020);

Description: This Article will suggest that Canadian officials, both military and civilian, are exposed to criminal prosecution secondary
to the transfer of detainees captured by members of the Canadian Forces (CF) during military operations in Afghanistan, To be very
clear at the outset, this Article will not suggest that any member of the CF during military operations in Afghanistan engaged in
torture or any form of mistreatment of any detainee captured. Rather, this Article will propose that as a result of operations in
which individuals were captured by members of the CF and subsequently transferred to the custody of Afghan authorities and
in particular the National Directorate of Security that by so doing members of the CF are exposed to prosecution as a result of
 these transferred individuals being subjected to torture or forms of cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment by Afghan authorities.

(source: http://ku-primo-prod.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/display.do?frbrVersion=4&tabs=detailsTab&ct=display&fn=search&doc=TN_springer_jour
, accessed on 5 August 2014)

Luke Hendry

HENDRY, Luke, "Col. Williams won't likely face military justice: Forces", Trentonian.ca, 7 March 2010, available at  http://www.trentonian.ca/2010/03/05/col-williams-wont-likely-face-military-justice-forces (accessed 29 December 2017);

Image source: forces.gc.ca/en/news/article.page?doc=reservists-in-afghanistan-retrospective/hzv9k0eo, accessed 15 March 2017 - Photo courtesy Col DAVID HENLEY
Colonel David Henley
HENLEY, David, note on David Henley, "Reservists in Afghanistan– Retrospective.  Article / September 8, 2014 / Project number: 2014-sum-14-15"

Colonel David Henley took leave from his civilian law practice in Halifax to deploy to Kabul,
Afghanistan 2009. He served with the Combined Security Transition Command as the Senior
Mentor for Afghan National Army Development.

Image source: https://www.google.com (google image source)
David Henry
HENRY, David, 1916-2011, obituary:

Obituary of David Henry

It is with great sadness, the family of David Henry announce his passing, at home, on a beautiful Canada Day weekend day, from cardiac
arrest. Born in London, England, he came to Canada in 1921. He graduated from Lisgar Collegiate in Ottawa. He received his B.A. in
Economics and History from Queen's University in 1939, attended Osgoode Law School in Toronto, and was called to the Bar in 1941.
That same year, he served in the 2nd Btn. with The Royal Regiment of Canada and was overseas from 1943 - 44 with the 1st Btn in
England and Normandy. He was wounded at Falaise and was transferred to the Judge Advocate General Branch, Ottawa, with the rank
of Captain, November, 1944.

In March, 1945 he married Elizabeth Elaine Pequegnat from Stratford Ontario and was appointed Jr. Advisory Counsel in the Department
of Justice. For a period of fifteen years he continued in a number of roles for the department until he became Director of Investigation and
Research under the Combines Investigation Act in 1960. ....
[Source: humphreymiles.com/tribute/details/3387/David-Henry/obituary.html,  accessed 12 August 2017]

A.S. Henry, Royal Roads, 1956, detail,
source: royalroads.accesstomemory.org/uploads/
. accessed 8 July 2020

HENRY, Sean (Arthur Sean), retired Colonel, "Facing Reality: The nature of Canada's Defence Crisis", Esprit de corps, volume 24-01, 16 March 2017;  available at http://espritdecorps.ca/commentary/facing-reality-the-nature-of-canadas-defence-crisis?rq=lawyer (accessed 3 January 2017); 

In his article Bringing Military Culture into the 21st Century (Volume 23 Issue 12), Sean Bruyea overlooks several key factors while analyzing
the state of the military in Canada. The same could be said for articles by Messrs. Curtis, Webb and Drapeau/Juneau in Volume 23 Issue 11 (December 2016).
Drapeau/Juneau reinforce the demilitarization curse when they advocate that military justice should be one with civilian justice. As well as ignoring
the special nature of military service, they do not admit that in Canada the system of justice itself is dysfunctional as a result of a flawed Charter of
Rights, and associated weaknesses resulting in an unending appeal process in which “justice delayed is justice denied.” Moreover, allowing lawyers
and unlimited appeals into the military summary trial process at unit level would paralyze regular training and even threaten operations (see
examples from Afghanistan).

___________"Mistake of Judgment", The Ottawa Citizen, Friday, 3 January 1997 at p. A12, available at https://www.newspapers.com/image/...., accessed 8 July 2020;

                               (1)                                                                             (2)

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source of photo: digital.scaa.sk.ca/ourlegacy/solr?query=ID:25194&start=0&rows=10&mode=results, accessed 29 Augus 2018
Major-General Ivor J.C. Herbert

HERBERT, I.J.C. (Ivor John Caradoc), Major-General, "General Herbert and the Militia", The Quebec Daily Telegraph, 4 March 1891, available at news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1903&dat=18910304&id=AOkoAAAAIBAJ&sjid=uNIEAAAAIBAJ&pg=892,1102451 (accessed 29 August 2018);

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Major-General Ivor Herbert, 1851-1933,
General Officer Commanding the Canadian militia, 1890-1895,
see en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivor_Herbert,_1st_Baron_Treowen, accessed 20 May 2019

___________sur le Major-Général Ivor Herbert, voir "La loi martiale.  Les avocats peuvent-ils défendre les soldats accusés?", Le Courrier du Canada (Québec),  samedi 6 mai 1893 à la p. 2; disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2541234  (consulté le 25 août 2018);

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Colonel Herfst with Francis Yergeau; image source: (2006) 1 JAG Les actualités--Newsletter at p. 5

HERFST, G. (Gijsbertus) (Bert), 1951-, "JAG Visits the Balkans", JAG Newsletter--Bulletin d'actualités, volume2, April-June 2000 at pp. 31-36;

____________ Meeting the Needs of Military Justice: The Advantages and Disadvantages of  Codified Rules of Evidence -- An Examination of the Military Rules of Evidence, Dalhousie University N.S., LL.M. thesis, 1995, vii, 336 p., Includes bibliographical references at leaves 328-336; cited in Martin Friedland's study for the Commission of Inquiry, Controlling Misconduct in the Military: a Study prepared for the Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of Canadian Forces to Somalia, supra; also mentioned in (1996) 41 McGill Law Journal 938 (thesis survey); see summary of thesis at http://amicus.collectionscanada.ca/aaweb-bin/aamain/itemdisp?sessionKey=1299097997015_142_78_200_11&l=0&v=1&lvl=2&rt=1&rsn=S_WWWbeaklFfkh&all=1&dt=+TW+%22Meeting%22+AND+%22the%22+AND+%22Needs%22+AND+%22of%22+AND+%22Military%22+AND+%22Justice%22&spi=- (accessed on 2 March 2011);

___________Notes on Colonel G. Herfst, available at  http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/webarchives/20071210072008/http://www.forces.gc.ca/dsa/app_bio/engraph/fseniorofficerbiographyview_e.asp?sectchoice=1&maction=view&mbiographyid=582 (accessed 24 January 2016);

Colonel Herfst immigrated to Canada in 1957, settling in Alberta where he graduated from high school in May 1969.

Colonel Herfst joined the CF in Jan 71. Upon graduation from the University of Calgary in May 1974 he was commissioned
a Lieutenant in the Logistics Branch and posted to positions in Ottawa, Calgary and HQ UNEF. He left the Canadian Forces
in August 1979 to enter the law school at the University of Calgary.

Upon graduation from the University of Calgary Law School, Colonel Herfst was articled to a law firm in Calgary, Alberta in
June 1982. After completion of the Bar Admission Program and admission as a member of the Alberta Law Society in June 1983
he continued in private practise in Calgary until March 1984.

Colonel Herfst joined the Office of the Judge Advocate General in April 1984, and has been employed as a legal officer in various

In August 1985, he was posted as Deputy Judge Advocate and CFE Claims Officer with the Office of the Senior Legal Adviser
Europe, at CFB Lahr.

He was promoted to the rank of Major on 1 January 1986.

From 31 July 1988 to 15 August 1991 he was employed at Canadian Forces Base Gagetown as Deputy Judge Advocate
(Atlantic Region) serving all units in New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.

During the academic year September 1991 to September 1992 Colonel Herfst studied criminal law at the post-graduate level
at the Law School of Dalhousie University in Halifax.

In October 1992 he took up the position as DLaw/MJ 2 in Ottawa where his main functions involved administering appeals
to the Court Martial Appeal Court and acting as appellate counsel before that Court. In July 1995 he took up the position of
DLaw/Ops2. He was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel on 23 June 1997 and assumed the appointment of Director
of Law/Operations.

Colonel Herfst served as Division Legal Adviser, Headquarters, SFOR Multinational Division South West, Bosnia Herzegovina,
from September 2000 to April 2001. Upon return to Canada he was employed as DLaw/I until his appointment as Commanding
Officer of the Canadian Forces National Counter Intelligence Unit on 19 October 2001, the first time in the modern history of
the Canadian Forces that a Legal Officer was appointed to command an operational line unit.

Colonel Herfst was promoted to his present rank on 14 May 2004 and assumed the duties of Deputy Judge Advocate General/
Regional Services on 1 June 2004. In August 2005, he was appointed Deputy Judge Advocate General Operations.

__________"Presentation to Advanced Military Studies Course 1, Canadian Forces College, 8 October 1998"; Notes: "This presentation provides a legal view of the issues surrounding the development of rules of engagement"; title noted at http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/260/261/grant1.pdf (accessed on 19 June 2012);

 ___________Survey of Canadian Military Law, 1981, 18, [4] leaves (series; Adanced criminal law papers); copy at the University of Calgary; OCLC Number: 150426636;  text not consulted;

___________Testimony before the House of Commons Standing Committee on National Defence, 11 December 2006, meeting number 28, on the study of Canadian Forces in Afghanistan; see minutes and evidence;


HERITAGE, available at http://heritage.canadiana.ca/ (accessed 25 January 2018)

- Canadian Army Courts Martial documents, available at http://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_mikan_140678 (accessed 25 January 2018);
This collection consists of Courts Martial records for the Canadian Army from 1939 to 1945. These files include correspondence, investigation reports
and proceedings. Included in these records are courts for the Canadian Active Service Force, the Canadian Army in Canada and German Prisoners of
War tried by Canadian Courts Martial. Microfilm reels T-15866 to T-15870 contain index cards for each court found on the 321 other reels. Not all
records are consistent in terms of the contents of each file.
[source: http://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_mikan_140678, accessed 25 January 2018]

-Ministry of the Overseas Military Forces of Canada : Courts martial records, 1914-1919, available at http://heritage.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.lac_mikan_136599
(accessed 27 January 2018); Description The Ministry of Overseas Military Forces was established in November 1916 to control the organization, supply, and
maintenance of all Canadian forces overseas, including the Canadian Corps and the overall Canadian Expeditionary Forces, and administer Canadian forces in
the United Kingdom, especially in the training of reinforcements. The Ministry also acted as the communications channel between the Militia Department, the
British War Office, and the Canadian Corps in France. Before its establishment, few officials in London understood how Canadian forces were being led and
administered. To end the confusion, Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden (1854 - 1937) planned to establish a military council in England. Sir Sam Hughes
(1853 -1921), minister of militia, established an Acting Sub-Militia Council. Borden then appointed George Perley (1857-1938), who was the acting high
commissioner in Britain, minister of overseas military forces on October 31, 1916. Hughes became angry, requested to resign and then did so. Sir Albert E.
Kemp (1858 -1929) succeeded Perley in October 1917, and the office was abolished in July 1920. The Ministry's creation was an important step in imposing
Canadian authority over its overseas forces, and an example of Canada's growing exertion of an independent voice in its own imperial affairs.
This collection consists of courts martial records compiled during or after the First World War.
[source: ]

Image source: smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/book-review-civil-military-relations-and-shared-responsibility, accessed 30 July 2017

HERSPRING, Dale R. (Dale Roy), Civil-military Relations and shared responsibility : a four nation study / Dale R. Herspring, Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013, ISBN: 9781421409290 (electronic), ISBN: 1421409291 (electronic), ISBN: 9781421409283 (hbk : acid-free paper),   ISBN: 1421409283 (hbk. : acid-free paper)


 Includes bibliographical references and index. A conceptual framework for shared responsibility in civil military relations -- United States -- From Kennedy to Reagan -- From George Bush to Obama -- Germany -- From the creation to Willi Brandt -- From Helmut Schmidt to Merkel -- Canada -- From Hellyer to Trudeau -- From Mulroney to Harper -- Russia -- From the creation of the Russian military to Putin -- From Putin to Medvedev -- Creating shared responsibility in civil military relations. [source: AMICUS catalogue]

Dale Herspring, image
 site: http://www.k-state.edu/
accessed on 14 November 2014
 ___________"Searching for a More Viable Form of Civil-Military Relations: The Canadian and American Experiences", in  Stephen J. Cimbala, ed., Civil-military relations in perspective : strategy, structure and policy, Farnham, Surrey; Burlington, VT : Ashgate, c2012, xiii, 233 p., at pp.31-51; available in part at http://books.google.ca/books?id=ca8iH_hO1KsC&pg=PA213&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=4#v=onepage&q&f=false (accessed on 28 November 2012);

Image source: www.rs.nato.int/about-isaf/leadership/brigadier-general-simon-c.-hetherington-msc-cd.html, accessed 16 June 2016
Brigadier General Simon C. Hetherington

HETHERINGTON, Major S.C., "Law and Order: Effectiveness of the Canadian Military Justice System in the 21st Century", Canadian Forces College, CSC 30, Exercise New Horizons, 23 p., available at http://wps.cfc.forces.gc.ca/papers/csc/csc30/exnh/hetherington.htm and  http://wps.cfc.forces.gc.ca/papers/csc/csc30/exnh/hetherington.pdf  (accessed on 17 July 2008); also available at http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/290/302/287/hetherington.pdf (accessed on 27 April 2014);

HIBBARD, F.-W. (Frederick William),  Lieutenant-colonel, member of the OJAG; acted as the Judge-Advocate in the court martial referred to in the following article: "Un capitaine sous arrêt.  Une cour martiale commence ce matin à juger le capitaine Roy, médecin militaire-- Deux inculpations sont portées contre l'accusé--Soldats du Laval dans la compagnie sibérienne", Le devoir, vendredi 27 septembre 1918, à la p. , disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2800128 (consulté le 27 juillet 2018); member of the Quebec Bar;

___________on Hibbard, Frederick William, 1865-1921, McGill Archives, McCord Museum, see http://www.archives.mcgill.ca/resources/guide/vol2_3/gen12.htm#HIBBARD,%20FREDERICK%20WILLIAM (accessed 20 December 2018);

A lawyer, Frederick William Hibbard was a graduate of McGill and served as crown prosecutor in Montréal from 1907-1910.
He was the president of the St. James Literary Society in 1903 and served as a lieutenant colonel in the militia.


Originals, 1890-1891, 3 cm (Unaccessioned)

The F.W. Hibbard papers consist of personal bills and a diary, 1890-1891.

___________on Hibbard, Frederick William, 1865-1921, see "Col. F.W. Hibbard Buried", The Gazette, Montreal, 10 February 1921 at p. 7; available at https://www.newspapers.com/..., accessed 26 May 2020;

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___________on Hibbard, Frederick William, 1865-1921, see "Le Lieutenant-Colonel F.W. Hibbard est décédé.  Le président de la Commission des Services Publics est décédé après une longue maladie.  Belle carrière légale, politique et militaire", Le Canada, 10 février 1921, à la p. 7; disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/3553091 (vérifié le 14 mars 2019); 

___________on Hibbard, Frederick William, 1865-1921, see "Lt.-Col. Hibbard Called by Death.  Chairman of Public Service Commission Was Ill Several Months.  Had Long Career in Militia and Tried to Serve Overseas -- Former Crown Prosecutor",  The Gazette, Montreal, 7 February 1921 at p. 4; available at https://www.newspapers.com/image/...., accessed 21 June 2020;


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__________on Hibbard, Frederick William, 1865-1921, see  "Nouvelle nomination", Le devoir, Montréal, 12 octobre 1918 à la p. 3; disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2800141 (consulté le 14 mars 2019);

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___________see "Frederic William Hibbard", Montreal, From 1535 to 1914, BIOGRAPHICAL, THE S. J. CLARKE PUBLISHING COMPANY, MONTREAL VANCOUVER CHICAGO, 1914 at  pp. 198-199; available at https://www.gutenberg.org/files/48480/48480-h/48480-h.htm (accessed 20 December 2018); also available at http://www.crlearning.org/files/HTML/72000/72064-0000.html (accessed 29 March 2019);

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___________sur le Lieutenant-Colonel F.W. Hibbard, voir "Cour martiale permanente", L'avenir du Nord,  Organe libéral du District de Terrebonne, vendredi, 6 septembre 1918 à la p. 1 (22e année, numéro 36). disponible au permalien http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2509734 , vérifié le 28 juin 2020; sur les cours martiales permanentes en 1918;

___________sur le Lieutenant-Colonel F.W. Hibbard, voir sa photo ci-dessous, accompagnant l'article "Mort du Lt.-Col. Hibbard--Le président de la commission des services publics est décédé--Carrière fort active", La presse, lundi, 7 février 1921 à la p. 20; disponible au permalien http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/3105018, consulté le 21 juin 2020;

Larry Hickey, image source: https://ca.linkedin.com/in/larryhickey, accessed 11 February 2015

HICKEY, Laurence (Larry) M., Enhancing  the naval mandate for law enforcement : hot pursuit  or hot potato?, [Toronto, Ont.]: Canadian Forces College, 2005, 44 p., available at http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/281/277/hickey.pdf (accessed 19 December 2015); also with the same title in 7(1) Canadian military Journal, available at http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vo7/no1/maritime-marin-eng.asp (accessed on 2 June 2012); aussi publié en français dans 7(1) Revue militaire canadienne sous le titre "L'inclusion de l'application de la loi dans le mandat de la marine : une voie royale ou sans issue", disponible à http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vo7/no1/maritime-marin-fra.asp (vérifié le 2 juin 2012);

 "In April 2004, the federal government promulgated Securing an Open Society: Canada’s National Security Policy. This long-awaited document
called for greater emphasis to be placed on Canada’s maritime domains in the post-911 security environment. This paper argues that the Canadian
Navy’s role should be expanded for domestic maritime enforcement in support of safeguarding national security and the exercise of Canadian
sovereignty. After describing the Navy’s significant presence in Canada’s maritime zones and the increasing reliance on the Navy by other
government, the issues that shape attitudes towards employment of armed forces for law enforcement tasks are identified and challenged.
A simple model for executing an enhanced role is proposed. The model does not suggest that the Navy should shift its primary emphasis
from preparing for combat at sea to coast guard duties. Rather, it is an appeal for powers that would enable the Navy to act upon violations
detected while carrying out its fundamental military role. Doing so would allow the Navy to leverage its presence at sea, and contribute
to realizing the goals articulated in Canada’s national security policy, specifically to provide maritime security for Canadians in an
effective integrated manner." -- Abstract. (source: IRC Catalogue);


HICKMAN, H.W., Captain, legal officer, General list, with military district number 7 with headquarters in Saint John, New Brunswick, 1944,  see The Quarterly Army List, January 1944, Part I, London: His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1944 at p. 171 (bottom page number) or p. 181 (top page number), available at https://deriv.nls.uk/dcn23/8897/88977987.23.pdf (accessed 21 March 2019); note: the Assistant Judge Advocate General at that time at military district number 7 was Major E.B. Bull;

___________on HICKMAN, H.W., I have located a H.W. Hickman, Q.C.:

-  senior counsel of the Attorney General's Department of New Brunswick, Fredericton,  present at the Dominion-Provincial Conference on Correctional Reform, Parliament Buildings, 13-14 October 1958, see https://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/lbrr/archives/hv%209308%20d6%201958-eng.pdf  (accessed 14 April 2019);

-  who was Deputy Attorney General of New Brunswick in 1964, see https://primarydocuments.ca/federal-provincial-conference-ottawa-ontario-october-14-15-1964/ (accessed 14 April 2019);  the deputy Attorney General was "Harry W. Hickman";

- who was Chairman of the New Brunswick Board of Review, section 547 of the Criminal Code, see Re Lingley and New Brunswick Board of Review, 1975 CanLII 1053 (FCA), http://canlii.ca/t/gwgwv;  


Image source: glendon.yorku.ca/gspia/faculty-research/bmo-visiting-fellows/, accessed 16 November 2016
Bruce Hicks
HICKS, Bruce, "Hicks: The government isn't out of the nation's bedrooms – yet", The Ottawa Citizen, 15 November 2016;     available at http://ottawacitizen.com/opinion/columnists/hicks-the-government-isnt-out-of-the-nations-bedrooms-yet (accessed 16 November 2016);

With Parliament having just made homosexuality, per se, legal, some Canadian government agencies took
it upon themselves to find other ways to restore its illegality.

In the Canadian military, the Judge Advocate General’s Office was instructed by the brass to find ways to
forcibly remove homosexuals from the military. In response, the annotated Queen’s Regulations and Orders
made a number of suggestions on how to bypass Parliament’s, and the country’s, newfound tolerance of

The rationale for the military openly defying changes Parliament had made for the civilian population was
that only heterosexual men were “manly” enough to contribute to combat roles, and their very presence would
undermine a unit’s morale. There were more, disgustingly homophobic, arguments advanced, but they don’t
bear repeating here.

"Capt. Todd Bannister, left, and his lawyer, Major J.L.P.L. Boutin, at his               Brian Higgins is a CBC videojournalist on Prince Edward Island      
court marital at H.M.C.S. Queen Charlotte Monday. (Brian Higgins/CBC)"           image source: cbc.ca/news/canada/prince-edward-island/brian-higgins-1.3187392
                                                                                                                                                                 accessed 16 January 2018

HIGGINS, Brian, "Former commander of Charlottetown cadets faces court martial", CBC News.ca/Prince-Edward-Island, 15 January 2018, available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/prince-edward-island/pei-todd-bannister-court-martial-1.4487687 (accessed 16 January 2018); standing court martial: accused: Capt. Todd Bannister; prosecutor; Major Luc Boutin; prosecutor: Major M.E. Leblond; military judge: Lt.-Col. Louis Vincent d’Auteuil;

Elizabeth Hillman, image source: http://www.uchastings.edu/news/articles/2012/12/new-academic-dean-hillman.php, accessed on 14 November 2014

HILLMAN, Beth, "Trends in international military justice", 30 September 2011; available at http://www.caaflog.com/?s=canada (accessed on 2 May 2014); also available at http://www.caaflog.com/2011/09/30/trends-in-international-military-justice/ (accessed on 28 October 2014);

Today is the second day of the International Society for the Study of Military Law and the Law of War’s Rhodes
Conference on Military Jurisdiction. It’s been a decade since the Society’s first such conference, and much of the
conversation so far has focused on the changes those ten years have wrought and rising interest in military justice
worldwide.  In Europe in particular, the trend has been toward shrinking military jurisdiction in favor of increasing
civilian capacity—through education, reform, and better communications technology—to enforce military justice.

Yesterday, accomplished speakers from the Belgian and French ministries of defence described the extent of efforts
to not only limit, but nearly abolish, the jurisdiction of military courts.  Reports from legal officers, jurists, and
scholars described major shifts in military prosecutorial authorities, judicial review, and jurisdiction in nations
including Australia, Cameroon, Canada, Ireland, Palestine, and Tunisia.

source of image: carleton.ca/history/people/norman-hillmer/, accessed 14 August 2017
Norman Hillmer
HILLMER, Norman and Philippe Lagassé, "Parliament will decide: An interplay of politics and principle", (2016) 71(2) International Journal 328-337;

Debates about Parliament’s role in deciding military deployments are clouded by misunderstandings of the relative legal authorities of
the executive and the legislature, and the mixture of political objectives and democratic obligation that inform these discussions. Much
has been written about the legal aspects of this question. This article considers instead the issues of politics and principle, which we
argue are consistently interwoven: while governments have elevated Parliament’s role in military deployments for political purposes,
the choice to involve the legislature also reflects the idea that it is the “right thing to do” in a democracy.

HILTZ, D'Arcy,  Anita Szigeti, Ruby Dhand, Natalie Venslovaitis and Catherine Morin, Mental Health: Military : Mines and Minerals, Markham (Ontario): LexisNexis Canada, 2011, 870 p. (series: Halbury's Laws of Canada; v. 66); copy at University of Ottawa, FTX Reference: KE 444 .H35 M45 2011; this volume contains an important section on military law;

HITSMAN, J.M. (Capt), The Visiting Forces Act 1941-44, Army Headquarters, Historical Section, report number 180, 29 July 1947, 43 p., available at  http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/rep-rap/cmhqrd-drqgmc-eng.asp?txtType=2&RfId=180
(accessed on 14 September 2013); contains the "Creation of the Office of the Judge-Advocate-General Canadian Army Oversas" at pp. 36-38, Appendix "A" -- Chart showing initial distribution of JAGs staff, 21 Army Group, at p. 40, and Appendix "B", Part XV -- The Functions of the Deputy Judge Advocate General and his Staff at pp. 40-43; also available at http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2016/mdn-dnd/D63-4-180-1947-eng.pdf (accessed 24 January 2017);

Legal officer giving briefing.
Donnacona is getting ready for his annual exercise. Last brief is from the A/JAG", see photo at https://twitter.com/ncsm_donnacona/status/721411422610022400 (accessed 13 October 2017);


HMCS SWANSEA K328, notes on courts martial for certain members of that ship in 1949, see forposterityssake.ca/Navy/HMCS_SWANSEA_K328_306.htm (accessed 22 July 2019);

Built by Yarrows Ltd., Esquimalt, she was commissioned at Victoria on 04 Oct 1943, Swansea arrived
at Halifax on 16 Nov 1943 and worked up off Pictou and in St. Margaret's Bay. Assigned to EG 9,
Londonderry, she made her passage there with convoy SC.154, taking part in the sinking of U 845
on 10 Mar 1944. On 14 Apr 1944 she repeated the process in company with HMS Pelican, the victim
this time being U 448. Eight days later, on 22 April 1944, this time with Matane, Swansea sank U-311
southwest of Iceland. This kill was only awarded long after the war once the records of German and
British intelligence became available. She was present on D-Day, and for the next four months patrolled
the Channel in support of the ships supplying the invasion forces. While thus employed, she and Saint
John sank U 247 off Land's End on 01 Sep 1944. She left Londonderry on 05 Nov 1944 for a major refit
at Liverpool, N.S. from Dec 1944 to Jul 1945. It was the first tropicalization of a frigate for Pacific service,
and on VJ-Day Swansea was assessing the results in the Caribbean. She was paid off 02 Nov 1945 to
reserve in Bedford Basin, but was twice re-commissioned for training cadets and new entries between
Apr 1948, and Nov 1953. In early June, 1949, while the Maingay Commission was still hearing
a group of junior hands in on the Swansea, incensed at poor treatment by their
commanding officer, locked
themselves in their mess. The response was a forceful entry by
armed troops, a rapid court-martial of the
senior hands, and their sentencing to 90 days'
hard labour and dishonorable discharge from the navy.

[emphasis in bold and size added]

Rubson Ho, image source: Twitter, accessed on 9 May 2014

HO, Rubson, "A World that has Walls: A Charter Analysis of Military Tribunals", (Winter 1996) 54 University of Toronto, Faculty of Law Review 149-185; summary available at http://www.utflr.org/abstract/ultr54_1/54_1_149.htm (accessed on 10 July 2008);

Image source: lib.unb.ca/archives/UNBComposites/results.php?action=show_graduate&graduate_id=1037, accessed 4 June 2019
Lester G. Hoar, University
of New Brunswick

HOAR, Lester G. (Lester George), Lieutenant, from St. John, N.B., was the assistant prosecutor to Capt. A.S. Fergusson, in the courts martial referred to in article: "Three Officers Before General Court-Martial.  Charge of Negligence Following Death of Soldier.  Plea of Not Guilty Entered By Capt. G.G. Alleyn", Hamilton Spectator, 1944/01/06, available at https://collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5028992 (accessed 4 June 2019);

____________on HOAR, Lester George, see Anonymous, "Former newspaperman remembered as true gentleman", New Brunswick Telegraph Journal,  Saint John, New Brunswick, 27 February 2002; available at https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca/docview/423161826/F6B48452C25C4079PQ/2?accountid=46526 (accessed 4 June 2019);


Image source: http://www.cdfai.org/PDF/Operations%20Security%20and%20the%20Publics%20Need%20to%20know.pdf, accessed on 14 November 2014

HOBSON, Sharon, 1952-, Operations Security and the Public's Need to Know, Calgary, Alta. : Canadian Defence & Foreign Affairs Institute, 2011 (Saint-Lazare, Quebec: Canadian Electronic Library, 2011), 1 electronic text (23 p.); available at http://www.cdfai.org/PDF/Operations%20Security%20and%20the%20Publics%20Need%20to%20know.pdf  (accessed on 31 May 2012);

HODGINS, W.E. (William Egerton) , 1851-1930, "The Law Applicable to the Militia of Canada" (1901) 21 The Canadian Law Times PDF at pp. 169-188 (posted on 18 January 2012); copy at the University of Ottawa, FTX Periodcals, KE 12 .C342;

___________Colonel, "Military Law: Its Origin, Development And application" (1910) 30 The Canadian Law Times PDF at pp. 485-496 (posted on 18 January 2012); copy at the University of Ottawa, FTX Periodcals, KE 12 .C342;

Photo source: The Vancouver Sun,
28 February 1930 at p. 10

__________see notes on Hodgins in Kerry Badgley, "Hodgins, William Egerton", Dictionary of Canadian Bibliography, available at http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/hodgins_william_egerton_15E.html (accessed 4 August 2018);

Image source: law.robsonhall.com/blog/2011-solomon-greenberg-competition/, accessed 3 July 2018
Laura Hodgson 2011winner of the
Solomon Greenberg Competition and
Sarah Minshull runner-up.

HODGSON, Laura, legal officer with the OJAG; member of the Manitoba Law Society since 2013; works in Ottawa, laura.hodgson@forces.gc.ca, tel.: 613-949-1589 (info as of 2 July 2018);

---------------------- Image source:london.ctvnews.ca/court-martial-begins-for-former-london-based-medic-facing-sex-assault-charges-1.1470182 
David Hodson                                                    Image source: acuns.org/review-of-believers-in-the-battlespace/ 
image source: www.google.com

HODSON, David (D. Martin), "Eyes Right: Religious Ideologue and Pragmatist", in  Peter H. Denton, ed., Believers in the battlespace : religion, ideology and war, Kingston, Ont. : Canadian Defence Academy Press, c2011, xxiii, 231 p.; at pp. 179-190, 23 cm. NOTES: "Produced for the Canadian Defence Academy Press by 17 Wing Publishing Office" --T.p. verso. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN: 9781100161679 (bound) and 9781100161686 (pbk.);  available at http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2011/dn-nd/D2-263-2010-eng.pdf (accessed 22 October 2015);

David M. Hodson is a legal officer and litigator with Defence Counsel Services. Previously,
he was a reserve armoured recce officer with The Ontario Regiment, a reserve force rifleman
with the Queens Own Rifles and a regular force infantryman with 2 Princess Patricia’s Canadian
Light Infantry. He is a graduate of the M.A. in War Studies program at the Royal Military Col-
lege of Canada. [p. 223,in Peter H. Denton, supra.  Mr. Hodson practices criminal in Lindsay,
ON -- http://www.defendme.ca/]

Major David Hodson

___________"A Symphony of Battle: Trial Advocacy with Canada's Special Forces", available at https://www.defendme.ca/resources/durham-voice-winter-2016-p2.pdf (accessed 5 Ocober 2018); about the court martial of  Cadieux;, see Cadieux S. (Corporal), R. v., 2016 CM 4008 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/gttff> and Cadieux S. (Corporal), R. v., 2016 CM 4012 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/gtxgd>;

MCpl Kiel Morton followed by his defence counsel Mr. D. Hodson; image
source: https://www.telegraphjournal.com/daily-gleaner/story/100073395/base
-gagetown-accident, with an article by Michael Staples, "Disturbing video of driving
soldier closelined by tree shown at Court Martial", The Daily Gleaner, 8 February 2017.
(accessed 3 May 2017)

___________on David Hodson  and Captain P. Cloutier who were defence counsel in R. v. Master Corporal K. P. Morton (2017) CM 4003; reasons for sentence available at https://www.canlii.org/en/ca/cm/doc/2017/2017cm4003/2017cm4003.html (accessed 3 May 2017); Mr. D. Hodson and Captain P. Cloutier were counsel for the defence; Major D. Martin and Captain G. Moorehead were counsel for the prosecution; the military judge was Commander J.B.M. Pelletier; the sentencing was held at CFB Gagetown on 14 February 2017;

___________Web site of David Hodson, available at  https://www.defendme.ca/ (accessed 5 Ocober 2018);

HOLDEN, N.J., "An examination of mechanisms of complaint and grievance resolution in the Canadian Forces", [Ottawa] : Centre for Operational Research and Analysis, Defence R&D Canada, 2005, vi, 33 p.;


HOLLAND, Joseph (Joe) C., "Blue Helmets: Policemen or Combatants? Comments",  in Claude Emanuelli, sous la direction de, Les casques bleus : policiers ou combattants?/ Blue Helmets: Policemen or Combatants?, Montréal, Wilson et Lafleur, 1997, 130 p. at pp. 115-120, (Collection: Secrion Bleue) ISBN: 2-89127-416-4;

__________"Canadian courts martial resulting from participation in the UNITAF Mission in Somalia", (1994) 1(4) Journal of International Peacekeeping 131-132; "Lieutenant-Colonel Joe Holland is Director of Law/Security, Intelligence and Prosecutions in the Department of National Defence, Ottawa, Canada", see http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/journals/10.1163/187541194x00172 (accessed 1 March 2018);  

___________ "[Book Review]: Casual Slaughters and Accidental Judgments: Canadian War Crimes Prosecutions : Canadian War Crimes Prosecutions, 1944-1948", (2001) 170 Military Law Review 224-234; available at https://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/Military_Law_Review/pdf-files/275481%7E1.pdf  (accessed 17 July 2017);

___________Military Objective and Collateral Damage : Their Dynamics and Relationship, A Thesis Presented to The Judge Advocate General's School United States Army in partial satisfaction of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Laws (LL.M.) in Military Law, 50th Judge Advocate Officer Graduate Course, April 2002, 106 leaves; available at http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA440073&Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf  and http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA440073 (accessed on 8 March 2012) and https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a440073.pdf (accessed 16 April 2019); notes; Lieutenant-Colonel Holland is a member of the Office of the Judge Advocate General, Canadian Forces;

Summary The two most critical aspects of targeting are the concepts of military objective and collateral damage i.e. incidental loss
of civilian life, injury to civilians and damage to civilian objects. The conventional international law definition of military objective
is set out in the 1977 Protocol I to the 1949 Geneva Conventions (Protocol I) at Article 52 (2). That definition has also become the
complete customary international law definition of military objective. The conventional international law definition of collateral
damage and the concept of proportionality of which collateral damage is a part is found in Protocol I at Articles 51(5) (b),
57 (2) (a) (iii) and 57 (2) (b). For all practical purposes, the customary international law definition of proportionality is the same as
the conventional definition. The concepts of military objective and collateral damage (and thus proportionality) are linked by the
common element of "military advantage". However, for a variety of reasons that linkage is somewhat weak and sporadic. This linkage
implies a complementary relationship between these two concepts i.e. as either grows or diminishes so does the other. An examination
of a wide range of recent law of war issues, controversies and developments confirms this relationship. The main implication of this
linkage is that at least significant military input will be necessary in determinations of military objective, collateral damage and
proportionality. The major challenge of this implication is ensuring that the resulting decisions achieve the proper balance in the
basic dynamic of the law of armed conflict i.e. satisfy both military and the humanitarian factors neither of which have primacy.
[source: science-catalogue.canada.ca/record=2086246&searchscope=06, accessed 12 October 2017]

___________Military Objective and Collateral Damage : Their Dynamics and Relationship,  (2004) 7 Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 35-78;

______________________on HOLLAND, Lieutenant-Colonel Joe, see "Files on General Court Martial of Lt-Col G. Haswell [textual record]", 1985-1997, predominant 1996-1997, 0.3 m of textual records,  Former archival reference no. RG24, BAN no. 2008-00243-8,Record disposition authority no. 2000/014, MIKAN no. 3806552; see  http://collectionscanada.gc.ca/pam_archives/index.php?fuseaction=genitem.displayItem&rec_nbr=3806552&lang=eng&rec_nbr_list=1098088,1078190,3806552,4868450,4427441,1024377,4801482,4818475,1099780,1099624 (accessed 10 August 2019);

This accession consists of notes and documents created and maintained by Lt-Col. J.C. Holland,
the officer responsible for prosecuting the case against Lt-Col. Geoff Haswell for charges under
Section 125 and 129 of the National Defence Act. These charges arose from the destruction of
documents in the office of the Director General of Public Affairs during the deployment of the
Canadian Forces to Somalia. Lt-Col. Holland was a member of the Assistant Judge Advocate
General's Central Region office at the time of this case.


___________on HOLLAND, Lieutenant-Colonel Joe, see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at pp. 139, 141 and 170, available at  103-242;

___________photo of LCol (Ret’d) Joe Holland with others, source: https://twitter.com/JAGCAF/status/1046847780533231617, accessed 10 October 2018;

Col(Ret’d) Allan Fenske, Ms Mexi Springers,
Capt(N)(Ret’d) Holly MacDougall and LCol (Ret’d) Joe
were in Lahr, Germany for an AJAG Europe reunion,
Sept 22-23, to celebrate the Legal Branch Centennial.
The office relocated to Geilenkirchen in ‘93 when CFB Lahr closed.

___________see the following article where LCol Joe Holland from the OJAG makes comments: Postmedia News, "Military personnel heading to ballot box to cast early election votes", 19 April 2011, available at: http://www.canada.com/news/military+personnel+heading+ballot+cast+early+election+votes/4633398/story.html (accessed 10 April 2018);

HOLLAND, V.W., Commander, from Ottawa, was the Judge Advocate in the court martial referred to in the article: Cipin, Reuben, "Navigation Officer of Magnificient Sentenced To Be Reprimanded", Guardian of the Gulf , Thursday, 30 June 1949 at pages 1 and 5, available at https://islandnewspapers.ca/islandora/object/guardian%3A19490630-005?solr%5Bquery%5D=judge-advocate&solr%5Bparams%5D%5BdefType%5D=dismax&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet%5D=true&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.mincount%5D=0&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.limit%5D=20&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.field%5D%5B0%5D=PARENT_century_s&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.field%5D%5B1%5D=PARENT_decade_s&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.field%5D%5B2%5D=PARENT_year_s&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.field%5D%5B3%5D=PARENT_month_s&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.field%5D%5B5%5D=RELS_EXT_isPageNumber_literal_ms&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bqt%5D=standard&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.date%5D%5B0%5D=PARENT_dateIssued_dt&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bf.PARENT_dateIssued_dt.facet.date.start%5D=NOW/YEAR-120YEARS&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bf.PARENT_dateIssued_dt.facet.date.end%5D=NOW&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bf.PARENT_dateIssued_dt.facet.date.gap%5D=%2B1YEAR&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bf.PARENT_dateIssued_dt.facet.mincount%5D=0&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.date.start%5D=NOW/YEAR-20YEARS&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.date.end%5D=NOW&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bfacet.date.gap%5D=%2B1YEAR&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bhl%5D=true&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bhl.fl%5D=OCR_t&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bhl.fragsize%5D=400&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bhl.simple.pre%5D=%3Cspan%20class%3D%22islandora-solr-highlight%22%3E&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bhl.simple.post%5D=%3C/span%3E&solr%5Bparams%5D%5Bqf%5D=OCR_t%5E10.0  (accessed 10 October 2018);

Image source: https://www.securitepublique.gc.ca/lbrr/archives/liaison%203-9-1977.pdf, accessed 4 October 2016
Jack Hollies
HOLLIES, Jack (J.H.),"Canadian Military Law" (1961) 13 Military Law Review 69-87; available at http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/Military_Law_Review/pdf-files/276C6B%7E1.pdf (accessed on 10 July 2008);

____________on a case investigated by Group Captain Hollies, see the article "Canadians cleared in executions by Ottawa investigating officer", The Globe and Mail, 28 October 1966, at p. 1:

ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The Globe and Mail
Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

____________on the same case investigated by Group Captain Hollies, see the article : Allen Harvey, "German suggests 2 nations co-operate in executions probe",  The Globe and Mail, 25 November 1966, at p. 44:

ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The Globe and Mail
Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

Group Captain J.H. Hollies
____________on the same case investigated by Group Captain Hollies, see the article by Nick Der Maur, "The German PoWs Who Were Shot: Was Canada to Blame When The Firing Squad Executed Dorfer and Beck?", The Gazette, Montreal, Saturday, 12 November 1966 at p. 7, available at https://www.newspapers.com/..., accessed 12 June 2020; note: the article with photos is half a page;

____________notes on Jack Hollies:

- in 1975, Jack Hollies was counsel for the Solicitor General in Ottawa, see John Beaufoy, "Lawyer sues penitentiary system
to free inmates from segregation", The Globe and Mail, 11 September 1975, at p. 5;

-  Jack Hollies was working for the National Parole Board in 1984, see Drew Fagan, "Judging the risk: Parole board members assess
 whether prisoner will make mistake", The Globe and Mail, 4 June 1984, at p. M2; check date?

- obituary for Hollies, John H., The Globe and Mail, 20 May 1982, at p. C11; he passed away on  15 May 1982, at home in Ottawa; check date?

- Squadron Leader Jack Hollies was defence counsel for the RCAF war crime military trial of Schumacher in 1946, Germany, transcript available at https://search.archives.un.org/unwcc-canadian-trials-trial-of-wilhem-jung-and-johann-george-schumacher-transcript-of-proceedings (accessed 25 October 2018);

-   "Boches Killed Captive Flyer R.C.A.F. Alleges", Hamilton Spectator, 1946/03/21, available at https://collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5090548 (accessed 4 June 2019);

[Excerpt of article]

__________"Courts Martial in the Canadian Forces" (1959-60) 2 The Criminal Law Quarterly 67-76;

___________"Hearsay as the Basis of Opinion  Evidence", (1967-68) 10 The Criminal Law Quarterly 288;

____________on HOLLIES, Colonel Jack, see "Clear UN man in shooting of Cypriot boy", The Globe and Mail, 9 October 1967, at p. 2;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

ProQuest Historical Newspapers, The Globe and Mail,
https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca...., accessed 27 May 2019

____________on HOLLIES, Colonel Jack, see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at pp. 91, 92 and 99, available at  i-xii and 1-102;

Image source: https://www.ucalgary.ca/utoday/issue/2015-07-24/ian-holloway-reappointed-dean-law, accessed 22 January 2016

Ian Holloway

HOLLOWAY, Ian, testimony of Ian Holloway, Professor and Dean, Faculty of Law, University of Calgary,  on Bill C-15, An Act to amend the National Defence Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts -- this Bill has the Short Title: Strengthening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Act,

- before the House of Commons Standing Committee on National Defence, meeting number 64, 6 February 2013, minutes and evidence;
- before the Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, meeting issue 38, 29 May 2014,  minutes and  evidence;  

____________ testimony of Ian Holloway, Professor and Dean, Faculty of Law, University of Western Ontario, on  Bill C-41, An Act to amend the National Defence Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts, before the House of Commons, Standing Committee on National Defence, 3rd session, 40th Parliament, 28 February 2011; available at http://www.ourcommons.ca/DocumentViewer/en/40-3/NDDN/meeting-50/evidence (accessed 4 August 2017);

    The purpose of the system of military justice is very different. It exists not to preserve freedom, but to preserve unit
cohesion, to ensure—to repeat myself—that young men and women will willingly place themselves in situations of
extreme peril because someone told them to and for no other reason. In other words, the system of military justice
doesn't exist to reflect Canadian values; it exists to give us an instrument with which we can project Canadian values.
That's what we're doing in Central Asia; that's what we did in the Balkans; that's what we did in the first Gulf War;
that's what we did in Korea. We need an instrument as a country with which we can project Canadian values.

    As someone who was subject to this system for 21 years, for more than an adult lifetime, I can say that the real
key from the perspective of the men and women in the trenches, so to speak, is a sense of fairness. It's not whether
it's the same as what civilians have. It's whether people think they're getting a fair shake, whether they think
that their commanding officers will listen to them when they have a story to tell, whether they think that their
commanding officers will give a contextual interpretation to whatever happened. That is why the vast majority of
people who can choose between a summary trial and a court martial choose a summary trial. For the most part,
they have confidence in the fairness of the system.

    As someone who teaches administrative law, I would say the real core of the system of military justice is the
doctrine of natural justice. If people think they're going to have a fair shake, that they're going to have the opportunity
to tell their side of the story, that's really what's important.

    I'll finish by saying that the Canadian system of military justice is probably the most studied system of military
justice in the world, certainly in the western world. We had the Somalia inquiry; Chief Justice Dixon [sic! should
read Dickson] did a study; Chief Justice Lamer did a study; we have this meeting today. The truth is that our system
of military justice, though not perfect, is pretty darn good. We do not have instances of mutiny, insubordination, or
violent insurrection by people in the service. Our service people, in the main, have confidence in the system of military justice.

HOLMAN, Fraser, "The State of the Canadian Forces: The Minister's Report of March 1997", (Summer 1997) Canadian Defence Quarterly 32-37;

Rob Holman, source of photo: http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/about-org-structure/judge-advocate-general-command.page --accessed 21 March 2014

HOLMAN, Robin (Rob) F. (Frazer), "Cross-Cultural Adventures in the Dissemination and Implementation of IHL -- A Canadian's Experience in Afghanistan",  40th CCIL Conference, 5 November 2011; available at Holman_Cross‐Cultural Adventures in the Dissemination and Implementation of IHL (accessed on 25 June 2012);


Rob Holman, image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/cba_abc/14414547366/sizes/m/, accessed 4 August 2015

____________biographical notes on Colonel R.F. (Rob) Holman, available at http://www.iihl.org/Media/Default/Courses%20and%20Workshops/Detention/Holman%20Bio.pdf (accessed on 25 June 2014);

Image source: http://everitas.rmcclub.ca/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/robin-holman.jpg, accessed 28 September 2016
Robin Holman, RMC graduate 1990

____________biographical notes on Colonel R.F. (Rob) Holman, not necessarily written by him, available at  http://www.iihl.org/Media/Default/Courses%20and%20Workshops/Detention/Holman%20Bio.pdf (accessed on 17 February 2015);

 Colonel R.F. (Rob) Holman, CD
Deputy Judge Advocate General, Military Justice
Canadian Armed Forces

Colonel Rob Holman was born into an Air Force family and grew up in a variety of locations across Canada
and in Germany. After graduating from high school in Toronto, Ontario, he joined the Canadian Armed Forces
in 1986 and attended the Royal Military College of Canada where he earned a degree in Engineering Physics.
 Upon commissioning, he undertook basic and advanced flying training at 2 Canadian Forces Flying Training
School in Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan.  He received his pilot wings in 1991 and subsequently served as a
qualified flying instructor and later a standards officer flying the CT-114 Tutor jet trainer. In 1995, he returned
to the Royal Military College where he served as a squadron commander and supervised the Air Force’s
Continuation Flying Training program.

In 1997, Colonel Holman was selected for the Military Legal Training Plan. He received his law degree from
Queen’s University and, after serving as a judicial law clerk at the Federal Court of Appeal in Ottawa was
called to the bar of Upper Canada (Ontario) and joined the Office of the Judge Advocate General in February, 2002.

From 2002 to 2007, Colonel Holman served as a military prosecutor, first as trial counsel before courts martial
and later as appellate counsel, appearing in front of the Court Martial Appeal Court of Canada.  In 2007, he
deployed to Afghanistan where, as part of the American-led Combined Security Transition  Command-Afghanistan,
he served as a legal advisor and mentor to the senior leaders of the Afghan National Army General Staff Legal
Department and the Ministry of Defence Legal Department. He was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal by
the United States Army.

Following his return to Canada, Colonel Holman’s work focused upon international law issues affecting Canadian
Armed Forces operations.  In 2010, he earned a Masters degree in international law from McGill University’s Faculty
of Law where he researched the application of International Human Rights Law to “rogue” civil airliners used as
weapons.  He then served successively as the senior legal advisor to the Chief of Defence Intelligence, as an
Assistant Legal Advisor at Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe during part of NATO’s operations in Libya,
as the Assistant Deputy Judge Advocate General for Operational Law and as the Special Assistant to the Judge
Advocate General.  Promoted to his present rank in 2013, he assumed the responsibilities of Deputy Judge Advocate
General for Military Justice.

Colonel Holman has 2000 hours of flying time in gliders, small civilian aircraft and military jet aircraft.  He is an avid
mid-pack runner. He lives in Ottawa with his wife and their three children.

___________"La rendicion de cuentas en la justicia militar de Canada", (2014) Fuero Militar Policial Del Peru  41-44; note: Il Foro Interamericano Sobre Justicia Militar y Rerecho Operacional, Conferencias, 26 al 28 Agosto 2014; available at https://issuu.com/publica_on_line/docs/publicacion_del_foro_2_1_1_todo_5 (accessed 1 July 2016);

Rob Holman, on the right, image source: http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/about-reports-pubs-military-law-annual-2014-15/ch-2-superintendence-military-justice.page, accessed 4 August 2015

___________Law Enforcement, the Rogue Civil Airliner and Proportionality of Effects: An Analysis of International Human Rights Law, LL.M. thesis, .Institute of Air and Space Law, McGill University, 2010, vi, 136 leaves; available at http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/thesescanada/vol2/QMM/TC-QMM-97268.pdf and http://digitool.library.mcgill.ca/webclient/StreamGate?folder_id=0&dvs=1332805271155~384 (accessed on 26 March 2012);


Existing theoretical approaches to international human rights law governing the State's duty to respect and ensure the right to not
be arbitrarily deprived of life do not provide a satisfactory analytical framework within which to consider the problem of a rogue
civil airliner - a passenger-carrying civil aircraft under the effective control of one or more individuals who intend use the
aircraft itself as a weapon against persons and property on the surface. A more satisfactory approach is provided by the addition
of a norm of proportionality of effects that is analogous to that which has been developed within the framework of international
humanitarian law and modern constitutional rights law. This additional norm would apply only where there is an irreconcilable
conflict between the State's duties in respect of the right to life and all of the courses of action available will result in
innocent persons being deprived of life.


Existants approches théoriques au droit international des droits humains régissant l'obligation de l'État de respecter et de
garantir le droit de ne pas être privé arbitrairement de la vie ne fournissent pas un cadre analytique satisfaisant dans
lequel de considérer le problème d'un aéronef civil à passagers renégat - un aéronef civil portant des passagers et sous le
contrôle effectif d'un ou plusieurs individus ayant l'intention utiliser l'aéronef-même comme une arme contre des personnes
et des biens à la surface. Une approche plus satisfaisante est fournie par l'ajout d'une norme de proportionnalité des effets
qui est analogue à celle qui a été développé dans le cadre du droit international humanitaire et le droit moderne des droits
constitutionnels. Cette norme supplémentaire s'applique que lorsqu'il y a un conflit insoluble entre les devoirs de l'État
en respect du droit à la vie et tous les cours d'action disponibles se traduira par des personnes innocentes étant privé de
leur vie.
[Source: AMICUS catalogue, Library and Archives Canada]

Colonel Holman, centre, at the workshop, National University
of Singapore, Bukit Timah Campus.

___________"Military Justice and Human Rights: The Search for Balance atop the Constitution's 'Living Tree' ", paper presented at The Asia Pacific Military Justice Workshop 2016, 20-21 September 2016, National University of Singapore, Bukit Timah Campus; see http://law.nus.edu.sg/about_us/news/2016/AsiaPac_MilitaryJustice.html (accessed 26 October 2016);

___________"Military Justice, International Humanitarian Law Accountability and International Human Rights Law Standards", Remarks of the Deputy Judge Advocate General Military Justice – University of Ottawa Military Law Conference – 13 November 2015, available at http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/about-reports-pubs-military-law/djag-remarks-military-law-conference-2015.page (accessed 12 February 2016);
"La justice militaire, la responsabilité de droit international humanitaire et les normes relatives aux droits internationaux de la personne", Notes d’allocution du Juge-avocat général adjoint justice militaire – Conférence de droit militaire l’université d’Ottawa – 13 novembre 2015, disponible à http://www.forces.gc.ca/fr/a-propos-rapports-pubs-droit-militaire/notes-allocution-du-jaga-conference-droit-militaire-2015.page (vérifié 12 février 2016);

______________________ notes on Rob Holman from 2017 Canadian Council on International Law (CIL), 2017 CCIL Conference November 2-3 in Ottawa, “Canada at 150: The Return of History for International Law”, 2017 Speaker Biographies, Keynote Speakers, available at  http://www.ccil-ccdi.ca/speakerbios, accessed 26 October 2017:

Colonel Rob Holman (Speaker) has been a member of the Canadian Armed Forces since 1986. His service has included being a flight
instruction, a military prosecutor and deployment to Afghanistan where he served as a legal advisor and mentor to the senior leaders of
the Afghan National Army. He was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal by the United States Army. In 2010, he earned a Masters
degree in international law from McGill University’s Faculty of Law where he researched the application of International Human
Rights Law to “rogue” civil airliners used as weapons. Promoted to his present rank in 2013, he assumed the responsibilities of
Deputy Judge Advocate General for Military Justice. (E)   

___________"The Revival of a Service Connection Test in Canadian Military Law?", Deputy Judge Advocate General, Military Justice, 19 May 2015, Washington, D.C.; available at http://www.armfor.uscourts.gov/newcaaf/ConfHandout/2015ConfHandout/2015ColHolman.pdf (accessed on 4 August 2015); 

___________"The Rogue Civil Airliner and International Human Rights Law: An Argument for a Proportionality of Effects Analysis within the Right to Life", (2010) 48 Canadian Yearbook of International Law 39-96;

Colonel Rob Holman, second from left, at the II Foro Interamericano Sobre Justicia Militar y Derecho Operational, Lima, Peru, August 2014, photo source: https://plus.google.com/photos/
, accessed 18 February 2015

__________" 'II Forum interaméricain sur la justice militaire et droit international humanitaire', Lima-Peru du 6 au 28 août 2014", video (Colonel Holman is a participant), available at http://www.fmp.gob.pe/FMP/Html/2014-09-01/ii_foro_interamericano_sobre_justicia_militar_y_derecho_operacional.html (accessed on 14 November 2015);

Image source: https://carleton.ca/sjc/profile/holmes-kanina/, accessed 7 April 2018
Kanina Homes

HOLMES, Kanina, "Canada Military Drops Anthrax-Vaccine Court Martial", Reuters, 11 April 2012; available at http://www.ph.ucla.edu/epi/bioter/canadianmilanthrax.html (accessed 7 January 2016);

MacGregor said Thursday's decision to not proceed came after reviewing the evidence to determine whether it supported a reasonable prospect of conviction and was in the public interest to continue.

The military's policy on public interest includes looking at the age of the charge, how frequently it crops up among members and its impact on discipline.



HOOK, Gordon P. (Gordon Philip), "The Emperor's Old Clothes: Lack of Transparency in the Courts-martial Board of Review", (November 2004) 2(2) New Zealand Journal of Public and International Law 285-313; available at http://www.victoria.ac.nz/law/centres/nzcpl/publications/nz-journal-of-public-and-international-law/previous-issues/volume-22,-november-2004/hook.pdf (accessed on 14 October 2015); discusses Canadian law;

__________The Constitutional Status of Military Tribunals: Paradigm Lost, Paradigm Regained: A Critical Analysis of New Zealand Military Justice in the Light of International Trends, doctoral thesis at the Victoria University of Wellington Law School, 2002, 849 p.; title noted in my research but thesis not consulted yet (14 October 2015); available at https://viewer.waireto.victoria.ac.nz/client/viewer/IE915395/rep/REP915429/FL915430?dps_dvs=1528979576253~974  and   (accessed 14 June 2018);

The New Zealand military justice system consists of a number of tribunals presided over by military officers without legal training
who may impose punishments ranging from simple reprimands to imprisonment for offences under the Armed Forces Discipline Act
1971 and other statutes. The overall constitution and procedures of these tribunals has undergone little change in New Zealand since the
19th century, despite significant changes in other countries which share a common constitutional and military heritage and despite
significant legal developments, both internationally and domestically. New Zealand's obligations under the International Covenant on
Civil and Political Rights and its domestic obligations under the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990 relating to the structure of
military courts and tribunals are explored in this thesis. The method of analysis employed is comparative and analytical. Recent military
justice developments in Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States are reviewed and compared with the New Zealand
system. The principles emerging from overseas cases are examined and applied to the current statutory structure of New Zealand military
tribunals. This thesis concludes that New Zealand military tribunals fail in significant respects to offer the guarantees of independence
and impartiality required under section 25 of the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990 and Article 14(1) of the International Covenant
on Civil and Political Rights, as well as failing to comply with the fundamental rules of natural justice. A list of recommendations is
offered in the final chapter which, if implemented, would bring the military justice system into compliance with New Zealand's domestic
and international human rights obligations.
[source: tewaharoa.victoria.ac.nz/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=ROSETTA_ResearchArchiveIE915395&context=L&vid=VUWNUI&lang=en_NZ&search_scope=
, accessed 14 June 2018]


New Zealand military courts are presided over by military officers, not judges, and are capable of punishing service persons overseas and at
home with imprisonment, detention and other criminal forms of punishment. They reflect a 19th Century form of justice and have failed to
keep up with New Zealand’s international human rights obligations. Gordon Hook's research finds that military courts in New Zealand
must undergo a constitutional shift to reflect the civil justice standards of independence and impartiality, and to also bring the military
justice system into line with those of our defence allies.
(source: http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/ED0312/S00030/victoria-phd-graduates-at-5-year-high.htm, accessed 14 October 2015) and
http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/ED0312/S00030/victoria-phd-graduates-at-5-year-high.htm (accessed 14 June 2018;

Dr. Gordon Hook, Executive Secretary,
Asia/Pacific Group on Money Laundering

____________former member of the OJAG in Canada;

The APG Executive Secretary is Dr Gordon Hook. Gordon Hook was a partner in a law firm in Winnipeg, Canada
in the 1980s and 1990s focusing on criminal trial work. He also acted as counsel in military prosecutions in the
Canadian Armed Forces' court-martial system. Later he practiced law in New Zealand with the Royal New
Zealand Navy as a senior legal officer and with the Ministry of Justice, which included work in the areas of
AML/CFT and criminal procedure policy. He was appointed to his current position in the APG in late 2006.

Gordon Hook is a Barrister and Solicitor of the Manitoba Queen's Bench (Canada) and the High Court of New
Zealand. He has a LLB from Dalhousie University in Canada and a PhD (Law) from Victoria University of
Wellington in New Zealand.  He has published a number of articles on AML/CFT and other legal topics in
law journals and magazines and is the joint author/editor of the book Corporate and Trust Structures: Legal
and Illegal Dimensions,
Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Publishing, 2018.
[source: apgml.org/about-us/page.aspx?p=2b5f9189-0479-4ee9-b562-d93c7fe780e3, accessed 14 June 2018]

Image source: orangeville.com/community-story/1478442-putting-the-power-of-the-pen-to-work/, accessed 4 August 2018
Charles Hooker

HOOKER, Charles, Major (Ret'd), Letter to the editor on the veracity of the cover-up of the death of Shidane Arone in Somalia, 17(3) Canadian Military Journal 4; available at journal.forces.gc.ca/Vol17/no3/page4-eng.asp  (accessed on 7 April 2018);

HOPE, John Andrew, 1890, born in Perth, Ontario and died on 31 December 1954 in Toronto,  lawyer, judge called to the Bar in 1914, was the Judge-advocate in the court martial referred to in the article: "Military Tribunal, Unique in 20 Years, Tries Two Officers.  Captains Face Grave Charges as Sequel to Hallowe'en Dance.  Revolver Alleged Used", The Globe and Mail, 25 January 1933, at p. 1; note enlisted 1916, 59th Battalion; Mr. Justice Hope was Judge of the High Court of Justice, Supreme Court of Ontario;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

ProQuest Historical Newspapers, The Globe and Mail,
https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca...., accessed 26 November 2018

___________on Hope, John Andrew, Colonel, judge advocate in the famous courts martial of two captains in Winnipeg, 1933, see photo hereunder "Members of General Court-Martial at Winnipeg", The Windsor Star, Windsor, Ontario, Thursday, 2 February 1933  at p. 9; note: about the entire of p. 9 is devoted to the incident in question:

Colonel John Andrew Hope is the fourth from the left

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___________on Hope, John Andrew, see "Mr. John Hope", The Globe and Mail, 4 January 1955 at p. 4, source: https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca/..., accessed 11 June 2020;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
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___________on Hope, John Andrew, see photo and notes at http://www.canadaveteranshallofvalour.com/HopeJA.htm, accessed 11 June 2020;

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HOPKINS, Beamer W., lawyer served in WW II with the OJAG, photo and research notes:

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[source: "Promoted",
Hamilton Spectator, 1942/08/01, available at:
collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5020012, accessed 14 June 2018]


Research notes from
McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, x, 242 p., ISBN: 0662321928;
at  pp. 59 and 64, see pp. i-xii and 1-102


"The house [in Hamilton] was purchased in 1908 by William B. Hopkins, a physician, and was owned and occupied by his family until 1940.
His son, Beamer W. Hopkins, had a particularly distinguished career as a politician, judge and public servant, serving at various
times as alderman, controller, vice-president of the Parks Board, police commissioner and city magistrate."
[source: d3fpllf1m7bbt3.cloudfront.net/sites/default/files/media/browser/2014-12-16/hamiltons-heritage-volume-5.pdf, accessed 14 June 2018]


Source: The Globe and Mail, Nov 10, 1971; ProQuest
Historical Newspapers: The Globe and Mail pg. 8


"B.W. Hopkins, K.C., Back in Civvies.  Was Wing Commander in Legal Branch of R.C.A.F.", Hamilton Spectator, 1946/01/23; available at collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5020445

(accessed 15 April 2018);

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Image source: archive.macleans.ca/search?QueryTerm=
, accessed 22 January 2019
photo with article "Argument: BEAMER W, HOPKINS says: a bad law
is making criminals out of kids who deserve a break", MacLean's, 4 September
1965 at p. 48.


- "Former Ottawan Posted To East", The Evening Citizen, Tuesday, 4 August 1942 at p. 14; retrieved from http://biblioottawalibrary.ca.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca/ezproxylogin?url=/docview/2337628917?accountid=46526, accessed 30 April 2020;

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HOPKINS, J.R., Lieutenant-Colonel, on, see "Hopkins Heads Courts Martial", The Leader-Post, Regina, Friday, 11 December 1942 at p. 3; available at https://www.newspapers.com/image/...., accessed 24 May 2020;

Expansion of the legal offices at headquarters of Military District 12 in Regina, has been
announced by Maj T.B. Davidson, assistant judge advocate general.. The officers are
responsible for administration of justice to troops training in Saskatchewan.

____________on HOPKINS, J.R., Lieutenant-Colonel, see "Army court chief quits", The Leader-Post, Regina, Saturday, 17 February 1945 at p. 3, available at https://www.newspapers.com/..., accessed 24 June 2020;

___________on HOPKINS, J.R., Lieutenant-Colonel, see "New arrangement for court martial", The Leader-Post, Regina, Monday, 26 June 1944 at p. 3, available at https://www.newspapers.com/image/..., accessed 25 May 2020;


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___________on HOPKINS, J.R., Lieutenant-Colonel, see "President", The Leader-Post, Regina, Wednesday, 14 June 1944, at p. 3, available at https://www.newspapers.com/image/..., accessed 25 May 2020;

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Bernd, Horn, image source: http://everitas.rmcclub.ca/?p=30314, accessed on 14 November 2014

HORN, Bernd,  1959-, "An Absence of Honour: Somalia -- The Spark that Started the Transformation of the Canadian Forces Officer Corps", Paper prepared for the International Seminar "Leadership, Education and Multiculturalism in the Armed Forces: Challenges and Opportunities”, La Paz, Bolivia, 13-15 September 2004", 20 p.; available at http://www.cda-acd.forces.gc.ca/bolivia/engraph/seminars/sep2004/papers/Horn_sep_e.pdf (accessed on 10 July 2008); now published in Allister MacIntyre and Karen D. Davis, eds., Dimensions of military leadership, Kingston: Canadian Defence Academy Press, 2006, iv, 394 p. (series; From the Canadian Forces Leadership Institute's research files; vol. 1), ISBN: 0662439643 and  0662440307;


___________"À quoi vous attendiez-vous!?! Analyse de la désobéissance au sein de l'ancien régiment aéroporté du Canada, 1968-1995" dans, sous la direction de,  Howard G. Coombs, Les insubordonnés et les insurgés: des exemples canadiens de mutinerie et de désobéissance, de 1920 à nos jours, [Kingston, Ont.] : Presse de l'Académie canadienne de la défense, c2007, chapitre 14 aux pp. 389-416, ISBN: 978-1-55002-765-5.  Notes: Traduction de: The insubordinate and the noncompliant. Comprend des réf. bibliogr. et un index. Publ. en collab. avec: Dundurn Group, le Ministère de la Défense nationale et Travaux publics et Services gouvernementaux Canada; disponible en grande partie à https://books.google.ca/books?id=w6cPFutwP1AC&pg=PA402&lpg=PA402&dq=Somalie+desbarats&source=bl&ots=EkcAeHL9qd&sig=TWLo7BWOT4vNWneYGcmgV7uR8W8&hl=fr&sa=X&ei=-4rOVJbCLpPmgwSbo4K4CQ&ved=0CEMQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=Somalie%20desbarats&f=false (vérifié le 1er février 2015);
___________"What Did You Expect?  An Examination of Disobedience in the Former Canadian Airborne Regiment, 1968-1995" in Howard G. Coombs, The Insubordinate and Noncompliant: Case Studies of Canadian Mutiny and Disobedience, 1920 to Present, Kingston, Ont. : Canadian Defence Academy Press, c2007, 448 p., chapter 14, at pp. 397-426: ill., ports. ; 23 cm.  NOTES: Co-published by Dundurn Group. Issued also in French under title: Les insubordonnés et les insurgés. Includes bibliographical references and index.  ISBN: 9781550027648;

Source of image: https://www.amazon.ca/Bastard-sons-examination-experience-1942-1995/dp/1551250780, accessed 5 October 2016
___________Bastard sons: An examination of Canada's airborne experience, 1942-1995, St. Catharines, Ont. : Vanwell, c2001, 288 p. : ill. ; 26 cm. NOTES: Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN: 1551250780; 

___________Bastard sons: an examination of Canada's airborne forces, 1942-1995, doctoral dissertation, A thesis submitted to the War Studies Committee, in conformity with the requirements for the degree of Doctor in Philosophy, Royal Military College, Kingston, 2000, vi, 441 leaves; available at http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/thesescanada/vol2/001/nq89095.pdf (accessed 27 October 2016);

The Canadian political and military leadership has consistently taken an irresolute approach to the requirement for airborne forces. The decision to establish a Canadian parachute capability was initially rejected during the early years of the Second World War because the higher command in Ottawa saw no need for these special troops. But the war itself proved otherwise. It was the growing American and British development in airborne forces that eventually provided the catalyst for Canadian acceptance of the concept in 1942. However, the senior command directed that it be kept at a very low and decentralized level. The post war era was similarly fraught with hesitation and indecision. During the late-forties to early-sixties Canada's airborne force took the form of the Mobile Striking Force which evolved into the Defence of Canada Force. Their primary role was the Defence of the North, a contingency which neither the political nor military leadership thought likely to exercise. Yet by the mid-sixties the newemphasis on strategic mobility and containment of brush-fire wars heralded their rebirth. In spite of this new found rationale resentment and institutional enmity continued to fuel the debate in regards to the relevance of paratroopers in the Canadian context. Fatefully, the defining moment for the Regiment and for the public was the brutal torture and killing of a Somali teenager who was caught attempting to penetrate the 2 Commando compound to steal. Once made public, the press raised larger questions of the Airborne's suitability for the mission, its training, and disciplinary record. In 1995, after two years of coping badly with the issue in public, DND and the military establishment were again thrust into the limelight with the exposure of repugnant hazing videos. These pushed the issue over the brink. The problem became defined exclusively in terms of the 'airborne.' The solution was explained in the guise of disbanding the Canadian Airborne Regiment. The disbandment of the Canadian Airborne Regiment on 4 March 1995 and the eclipse of the nation's parachute capability that it represented cannot be dismissed simply as a 'knee jerk' political decision although there seemed to be an abundance of that. The failure rests squarely on the shoulders of the Army. Ultimately, the failure to properly identify a consistent and pervasive role for airborne forces and abide by the doctrine which was developed, led to a roller coaster existence, dependent on personalities in power, and political expedients of the day. (Abstract shortened by UMI.) [source: http://amicus.collectionscanada.ca/aaweb-bin/aamain/itemdisp?
sessionKey=1477555880063_142_78_200_14&l=0&lvl=1&v=0&itm=30719355&rt=1&bill=1, accessed 27 October 2016]

Image source: https://www.amazon.com/Outside-Looking-Perspectives-Canadian-Leadership/dp/0662419987, accessed 4 September 2016

___________ed., From the outside looking in : media and defence analyst perspectives on Canadian military leadership / Bernd Horn, editor, Winnipeg : Canadian Defence Academy Press, c2005, vi, 266 p.; 23 cm. NOTES: Running title: Media and defence analyst perspectives on Canadian military leadership Issued by Canadian Defence Academy. Includes bibliographical references and index.  ISBN: 0662419987; book available at publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2011/dn-nd/D2-176-2005-eng.pdf (accessed 4 September 2016);

Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .v
 Introduction - When Does Perception Become Reality? . . . . . . . . . .1
Chapter 1 The Military and the Media in Canada: A Relationship from Tension to Trust ,Derek Stoffel. . .19
Chapter 2 The Local Front in News Coverage of the Military, Dr. Steve Lukits...l34
Chapter 3 Canadian Military Leadership in an Era of Military Transformation, David J. Bercuson . . . . . .41
Chapter 4 From the Middle Looking Out: Reflections of a Think Tank Commander,  David Rudd. . . .54
Chapter 5 Perspectives on Canadian Military Leadership, Chris Wattie. . .67
Chapter 6 A Foot in Both Camps, Lewis W. MacKenzie. . .76
Chapter 7  Winning the Public Trust, Carol Off. . .91
Chapter 8 Looking After Your People: A Very Public Demonstration of Leadership, Linda Slobodian...107
Chapter 9 Taking the Middle Ground: A Unique Vantage Point,  Scott Taylor . . .128
Chapter 10 Somalia Redux? The Yahoo Defence, Terminal Bullshit Syndrome And The Myth Of The Isolated Incident, Adam Day...142

____________"No, but Yes. Military Intervention in the New Era: Implications for the Canadian Armed Forces", March 2015, 9 p., ISBN: 978-1-927573-29-7; available at https://d3n8a8pro7vhmx.cloudfront.net/cdfai/pages/503/attachments/original/1427421429/No__But_Yes._Military_Intervention_in_the_New_Era.pdf?1427421429 (accessed 8 May 2016);

Executive Summary
The current complexity, ambiguity and chaos in the contemporary operating environment
creates, for most national governments and their militaries, difficulty in adequately
understanding, coping and responding to the myriad of security concerns. The challenge is
normally one of scope and viable options. Canada is no different. Both the Government and the
Canadian public are war-weary from over a decade of savage insurgency in Afghanistan.
Further, the dire international economic situation has necessitated fiscal austerity measures that
have had a significant impact on the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF). As a result, the Government
is reluctant, if not downright opposed, to any form of military intervention that may lead to
becoming embroiled in another long drawn-out conflict with ground forces that will create a
drain on national blood and treasure. Therefore, there is a tendency to say “No” to military
intervention. Yet, for the government to maintain its status and influence with Allies, friends
and global partners, it cannot be so naïve. It must do its share of “heavy lifting” with regard to
ensuring world stability and security. As such, this article examines the necessity for the CAF,
which will find itself squeezed by the fiscal necessity of the times, to simultaneously deliver
relevant, strategic expeditionary capabilities that can quickly deploy and that will allow the
Canadian government to maintain its credibility as a reliable ally and global partner.

Source of image: http://www.amazon.ca/Forced-Change-Crisis-Reform-Canadian/dp/1459727843, accessed 20 October 2015

HORN, Bernd, and Bill Bentley, Forced to Change : crisis and reform in the Canadian Armed Forces / Colonel Bernd Horn and Dr. Bill Bentley; foreword by Romeo Dallaire, Toronto : Dundurn Press, 2015, 167 p., at pp. 67-80,  ISBN: 9781459727847; available in part at https://books.google.ca/books?id=kGHnAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA63&lpg=PA63&dq=CANADA+role+of+the+legal+advisors+in+the+armed+Forces&source=bl&ots=_nq026_k7L&sig=1np_DloM1L1RDavt30V5NLsJpHI&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=jUDGE%20ADVOCATE&f=false (accessed 20 October 2015);

Thomas Harris Hough

HOUGH, Thomas Harris, 1922-2005, member of the OJAG, died on 27 March 2005, obituary, The Ottawa Citizen:

Thomas Harris Hough

January 02, 1922 - March 27, 2005

HOUGH, Thomas Harris, Q.C. THH slipped the surly bonds very suddenly on March 27, 2005. He was born
in North Bay, Ontario on January 2, 1922, the first child of Bill and Gwen Hough. He enlisted in the RCAF
early in the war and served as a fighter pilot with the RAF. He was shot down over Italy in 1944 and spent
the duration as a prisoner of war, surviving the Long March. He returned to Canada in 1946, completed
university and then obtained his law degree from Osgoode Hall. He started his legal career with the Judge
Advocate General and, in 1950 married Denise Lincez. He opened his private law practice in Ottawa in 1962.
He retired from that practice in the late 1980's. Tom was a true renaissance man. He was a fine cabinet-maker,
artist and portrait painter, boat builder, opera buff, audiophile and bibliophile. Above all, he was an academic
with an unrivalled passion for acquiring and analyzing new information and sharing it with one and all. ....
[Source: http://ottawacitizen.remembering.ca/obituary/thomas-hough-1922-2005-1066161658, accessed 17 October 2018]

Image source: ca.linkedin.com/in/marquise-houle-esq-96120317, accessed 14 June 2018
Marquise Houle

HOULE, Marquise, lawyer, Law Society of Ontario, is a Senior Conflict of Interest Analyst at the Department of National Defence since October 2017;

HOWARD, B.W. (Byron W.), Captain, an Assistant Deputy Judge Advocate, circa 1945-1946,  on, see David Ross Alexander, Dum Vivimus: The Lost Identity of the Owen Sound Collegiate and Vocational Institute Second World War Dead, Master of Arts in History, University of Waterloo, 2017, at p.122 and available at https://uwspace.uwaterloo.ca/bitstream/handle/10012/12825/Alexander_David.pdf?sequence=3&isAllowed=y (accessed 18 April 2020);

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___________on HOWARD, Byron, W., Captain, a member of the JAG Branch, see  photo hereunder from The Evening Citizen, Ottawa, Wednesday, 19 May 1943 at p. 14; retrieved from http://biblioottawalibrary.ca.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca/ezproxylogin?url=/docview/2337617925?accountid=46526, accessed 30 April 2020;

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HOWARD, W.A., Lieutenant-Colonel, in 1944 was posted to the JAG office, military district 13 headquarters in 1944, on, see "W.A. (Bill) Howard to Command K.O.C.R [King's Own Calgary Regiment] -- Major Alex McIntosh Is 2I.C.", Calgary Herald, 2 December 1954 at p. 19, available at , accessed 20 May 2020;


HOWELL, S.L. , Squadron Leader, Assistant Judge Advocate General, listed as a witness in PARLIAMENT, House of Commons, Special Committee on Bill No. 133 An Act Respecting National Defence, Minutes of Proceedings and Evidence: Special Committee on Bill No. 133 on Act Respecting National Defence, Ottawa: Edmond Cloiutier, King's Printer, 1950; eight numbers, No. 1 dated 23 May 1950 to No. 8 dated 6 June 1950, 360 p.; listed as a witness in No. 2 of Wednesday, 24 May 1950 but did not testify that day, available at http://parl.canadiana.ca/view/oop.com_HOC_2102_3_1/1?r=0&s=1, accessed on 24 August 2020 and many thanks to my federal member of Parliament Mr. David McGuinty, Ottawa South and his executive Assistant Jenny Hooper for providing information about this link on 24 August 2020;

Source: wikipedia.org/wiki/HMCS_Magnificent_(CVL_21)#/media/File:HMCS_Magnificent_(CVL_21)_underway_c1950.jpeg
HMCS Magnificient

HOWLAND, V.W. (Vernon Wadsworth), 1918-2000, Commander, born in Winnipeg and died in Halifax; was the Judge Advocate General for two courts martials regarding the grounding of the aircraft carrier Magnificient, see "Officers of Carrier Will Face Court", Sherbrooke Daily Record, Friday, 24 June 1949, at p. 5, available at  http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2997095 (accessed 4 August 2018);

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___________on HOWLAND, Vernon Wadsworth, born in Winnipeg on 11.02.1918 and died in Halifax on 19.03.2000; was Deputy Judge Advocate of the Fleet, NSHQ (Ottawa) [HMCS Bytown], 02.08.1944 to 05.1945, see https://www.unithistories.com/officers/RCN_officers.html, accessed 2 June 2020;

____________on HOWLAND, Vernon Wadsworth, death notice in Times Colonist, Victoria, BC, 23 March 2000, at p. 43, available at , accessed 2 June 2020;

HOYLES, John, former JAG Honorary Colonel:
- Une visite du Colonel honoraire du JAG

Source:  fr-ca.facebook.com/1erR22eR-1er-Bataillon-Royal-22e-R%C3%A9giment-254548539717/, vérifié 27 juin 2016
"Le Colonel honoraire du juge avocat général (JAG) des Forces armées
canadiennes, le Colonel John Hoyles, accompagné d’une délégation du
JAG du 5e GBMC, a visité le 1er Bataillon du Royal 22e Régiment le 3
juin 2016. Le Colonel Hoyles est présentement le chef de la direction de
l’Association du Barreau canadien. Cette association représente 37 000
avocats, juges et notaires à travers le Canada. Dès son arrivée au bataillon, le
Colonel fût reçu [...]" --lire la suite à  https://fr-ca.facebook.com/1erR22eR-1er-Bataillon-Royal-22e-R%C3%A9giment-254548539717/, vérifié 27 juin 2016)

-  The Canadian Bar Association: "The very model of an Honorary Colonel", 6 February 2015:

CBA CEO John Hoyles is now Col. Hoyles, having been welcomed to the position of Honorary
Colonel of the Legal Branch of the Department of National Defence on Feb. 6.

“It is a great honour for me to be doing this, and I'm absolutely thrilled by it,” said Hoyles in an
interview with National Magazine. “I think it’s a compliment, not so much to me, but to the CBA.”

The position carries a particular honour because of his family’s rich history in both the military and the law.

His position has a three-year term, which can be renewed. The honorary rank comes with actual
responsibilities, says Hoyles, who will meet with lawyers in the Judge Advocate General’s office in
Ottawa, Halifax and Victoria to talk about the importance of their roles; and also helping to educate and
raise awareness of lawyers in military towns about the differences between military and civilian law.

The involvement of the Judge Advocate General’s office in the CBA has given members a whole new
perspective on military law, he says.

“I think there’s something very interesting when you have people that are in uniform attending the
Canadian Legal Conference. They very much wanted … the military lawyers to be more engaged
in the profession, but the legal profession (also) needs to better understand what military lawyers do.”

He jokes that when he was a lawyer practising in Northern Ontario his midnight phone calls were along
the lines of, “this guy wants to talk to you to see whether he should blow into a breathalyzer.” A JAG
lawyer working in a war zone, on the other hand, could be awaked in the middle of the night to decide
whether bombing a certain area would meet the rules of engagement. The lawyer who’s helping Hoyles
learn his new role is dealing with Shell on questions of that company’s oil rights on land used by the
army as a training ground.

Hoyles was able to choose which branch of the military he wanted to represent. He chose the army
because of his grandfather, a member of the Black Watch who was killed on the battlefield in Amiens,
France in 1918, just before the end of the First World War.

The Uniform Code is coming to mean something more than military justice to Hoyles, who wore
fatigues to his welcoming ceremony with current JAG Maj.-Gen. Blaise Cathcart because his dress
uniform wasn’t ready. First of all, he’s only to wear the uniform when he’s acting as an ambassador
for the JAG’s office. Hoyles’ son-in-law, who serves in the military, taught him how to shape (and shave)
his beret – which carries its own obligations.

“I was walking down the street wearing my uniform and I see a guy in a military uniform about to get
out of a car. I am about to walk past him, and four paces before I got to him he salutes me, ‘Sir!’ and I
have to respond and salute him as I go by him.” He got the salute because of the beret, it seems – if he’d
been without headgear the lower-ranking solder might have just stood at attention as he passed.
[source: cba.org/News-Media/News/2015/February/The-Very-Model-of-an-Honorary-Colonel, accessed 1 July 2019]

- Outgoing Honorary Colonel John Hoyles


We extend our deepest thanks to our outgoing Honorary Colonel,
John Hoyles, for his dedicated and enthusiastic service and wise counsel
throughout the past three years. His actions have demonstrated the highest
level of leadership. We wish him and his family all the very best."
(accessed 20 June 2017).
On the left is Col. Maria Dow.

HPCR Manual on International Law Applicable to Air and Missile Warfare
, Bern, 15 May 2009; HPCR = Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research at Harvard University, available at http://www.ihlresearch.org/amw/manual/  (accessed on 6 March 2012);  Brigadier General Kenneth Watkin, Canadian Forces and Judge Advocate General was one of the participant in the core group of experts; also available at https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Claude_Bruderlein/publication/264036862_Manual_on_International_Law_Applicable_to_Air_and_Missile_Warfare/links/59a911d50f7e9b27900e2f0e/Manual-on-International-Law-Applicable-to-Air-and-Missile-Warfare.pdf (accessed 4 November 2018);

HUDON, Cloé (M.R.C.). Lieutenant de vaisseau, avocate, membre du Barreau du Québec depuis 2013, pratique avec le cabinet du JAG à Chicoutimi au 20 août 2021; Me Hudon représente le directeur des poursuites militaires avec le major É. Baby-Cormier dans la cour martiale Fortin J.D.J.F. (Caporal), R. c., 2021 CM 4006 (CanLII), <https://canlii.ca/t/jh4cp>;

___________sur HUDON, Cloé, qui a été coroner au QC, voir sa note biographique à emplois-superieurs.gouv.qc.ca/Nominations/Communique/2020-05-06/Notes-Biographiques/Cloe-Hudon/10668 (site consulté le 21 août 2021); a été avocate pour l'étude Gaudreault Larouche avocats inc.;

Alexa Huffman, the author, source: Source of image:
ca.linkedin.com/in/alexa-huffman-9bb54830 (accessed 19 September 2017);

HUFFMAN, Alexa, "CFB Esquimalt newspaper rejects law firm’s ad seeking sexual assault victims", 17 May 2017, available at http://www.cheknews.ca/cfb-esquimalt-newspaper-rejects-law-firms-ad-seeking-sexual-assault-victims-317996/ (accessed 11 August 2017);

"Former acting base commander Nord Mensah is driven away         LCdr Saloumeh Torani, the prosecutor in this case; on the photo, she is
after being found guilty...(Arnold Lim/Black Press)", source:           "receiving a General Campaign Star for service in Afghanistan".
vicnews.com/news/former-naval-commander-to-face-court-            image source: Department of National Defence  Report on Plans and
martial-in-victoria/, accessed 5 December 2017.                               2011-12, at p. 49 at tbs-sct.gc.ca/rpp/2011-2012/inst/dnd/dnd-eng.pdf (accessed 2 November 2017)
____________ "Former base logistics officer at CFB Esquimalt found guilty in court martial", Check News, 4 December 2017, available at https://www.cheknews.ca/former-acting-base-commander-cfb-esquimalt-found-guilty-court-martial-394404/ (accessed 5 December 2017);

A former base logistics officer [Nord Mensah] at CFB Esquimalt was found guilty of having an inappropriate relationship with
a subordinate at a court martial on Monday.
“There’s specific orders and regulations out there in the military that if you’re engaged in a sexual relationship
with somebody who is in your chain of command, you’re required to report it to help prevent an adverse work
environment because things such as unit cohesion, unit morale are quite important within the military context,”
Lt.-Cmdr Sally Torani, the prosecutor on Mensah’s case.

HUMAN FACTS AND MEDICINE PANEL, TASK GROUP and Science and Tecnology Organization, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Moral Decisions and Military Mental Health (Décisions morales et santé mentale dans l’armée), Final Report of Task Group HFM-179, Published January 2018, Series: STO Technical Report; -STO-TR-HFM-179; and AC/323(HFM-179)TP/718);  (accessed 1 November 2018); ****

HUMAN RIGHTS INSTITUTE, Columbia Law School, "U.S. Monitoring of Detainee Transfers in Afghanistan: International Standards and Lessons from the U.K. & Canada", December 2010, 28 p.; available at http://www.law.columbia.edu/ipimages/Human_Rights_Institute/AfghanBriefingPaper%20FINAL.pdf (accessed 20 February 2015);

HUMEN, James Daniel, The Politics of Canadian Defence Policy : NATO to Nuclear Weapons, Master of Arts, University of Alberta, 1992, 123 leaves, available at https://era.library.ualberta.ca/files/6t053j50k/MM77165.pdf (accessed 29 September 2016);

"Kim Fawcett with her son Keiran.  After the crash that killed         Adrian Humphreys, reporter
him and wounded her, she returned to actice duty."                           image source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=psMp-r94dxk

HUMPHREYS, Adrian, "A Soldier lost her son and her leg in a crash.  Her fight against the Canadian Forces continues", National Post, 2 June 2018, available at https://www.pressreader.com/canada/national-post-latest-edition/20180602/281479277099017 (accessed 5 June 2018); see also the federal court decisions:   Fawcett v. Canada (Attorney General), 2012 FC 750 (CanLII)  and  Fawcett v. Canada (Attorney General), 2017 FC 1071 (CanLII);

Image source: http://canadianmilitaryhistory.ca/about/staff/, accessed 15 October 2018
Mark Osborne Humphries

HUMPHRIES, Mark Osborne, 1981-, The treatment of evacuated war neuroses casualties in the Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1914–1919, Master of Arts (M.A.), Faculty of Arts, Wilfrid Laurier University, 2004, xi, 109 p.; thesis advisor: Roger Sarty; available at https://scholars.wlu.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1043&context=etd (accessed 15 October 2018);

Description: The conventional historiography of the treatment of war neurosis in Canada is limited and suggests
that "shell shocked" soldiers were diagnosed and assigned treatment based on their rank and social class. According
to the literature this meant that officers and soldiers from the upper classes were diagnosed with neurasthenia and
given "rest" and "spa" treatments while soldiers from the other ranks and lower classes were diagnosed with hysteria
and treated with punitive therapies designed to convince them to return to the front lines. However, these conclusions
were based on contemporary medical journals and have been formed with very little archival research. The author,
using archival documents and statistical analysis, suggests that soldiers from the other ranks who were treated in
England for war neurosis were rarely diagnosed with hysteria and were instead labelled with one or more of several
diagnostic terms, the most prevalent of which were "neurasthenia" and/or "shell shock". These solders were also
typically treated with "rest" and "spa" therapies; punitive therapies were by far the exception to this type of treatment.
The author posits that the pre-war understanding of the "nervous" disorders heavily influenced both diagnosis and treatment.

Andrea Huncar
HUNCAR, Andrea, "Edmonton soldier reinstated, now proudly back in uniform  More than a decade after sex assault allegations Master Cpl. Orman Savage returns to serve his country", CBC News, 23 November 2016, available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/edmonton/edmonton-soldier-reinstated-now-proudly-back-in-uniform-1.3863207 (accessed 19 September 2017);  see order in Council PC number 2016-0819, dated 2016=09-23, available at http://www.pco-bcp.gc.ca/oic-ddc.asp?lang=eng&Page=secretariats&txtOICID=&txtFromDate=&txtToDate=&txtPrecis=Savage&txtDepartment=&txtAct=&txtChapterNo=&txtChapterYear=&txtBillNo=&rdoComingIntoForce=&DoSearch=Search+%2F+List&viewattach=32515&blnDisplayFlg=1 (accessed 19 September 2017);


HUNT, Mel, former JAG officer, 1978-1987, lawyer, Victoria, BC; see web sites at http://www.dinninghunter.com/our-lawyers/mel-hunt/ and http://www.pin.ca/military/lawyer/ (accessed 20 January 2015);

___________Notice from the Victoria Bar Association on the death of Mel Hunt, received from Benoit Pinsonneault by email on 30 November 2015:

"Originally from Toronto, Mel Hunt lived in many parts of Canada and Europe during the years
he was a member of the Canadian Forces. While in the services he was selected to be sent to law
school after obtaining an Honours degree in Philosophy. Mel graduated from the University of
British Columbia Law School in 1977. He articled to celebrated Victoria counsel, Dermod
Owen-Flood, (later Mr Justice Owen-Flood of the BC Supreme Court), and began to serve as a
military lawyer in 1978.

He left the military for private practice in 1987 with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, and joined
the firm of Dinning Hunter Jackson Law as associate counsel in 1999.

Mel practised in the criminal courts, as Courts Martial, and in the Federal Courts, as well as the
British Columbia Supreme Court and the British Columbia Court of Appeal on a wide variety of
legal issues including family and personal injury law. He was qualified as an expert witness in
the British Columbia Supreme Court on military law and military personal matters.

Mel practised in the criminal courts, as Courts Martial, and in the Federal Courts, as well as the
British Columbia Supreme Court and the British Columbia Court of Appeal on a wide variety of
legal issues including family and personal injury law. He was qualified as an expert witness in
the British Columbia Supreme Court on military law and military personal matters.

He was frequently consulted by other lawyers throughout Canada and retained by current and
former members of the Canadian Forces in relation to military grievances, summary trials,
human rights and pension matters.

Mel had a broad experience in life prior to becoming a lawyer: construction labourer, heavy
equipment operator, truck driver, boxer, fire-fighter, administrator and military member starting
as a private. Mel was widely regarded as a true litigator and was gracious in sharing his
experience with junior lawyers. He will be missed.

Mel Hunt passed away on Tuesday November 17th 2015."


___________on HUNT, Mel, Lieutenant-Colonel, see his photo put on Flick by Jim Rycroft at https://www.flickr.com/photos/xjag/31997830114/in/album-72157623951146254/ (Mel is the person at the middle; the person we see at right is LCol Murphy); 

Ross McLarty, the author, image source:                Mel Hunt

___________on Mel Hunt, see McLARTY, Ross, "Nos disparus--Melvin Hunt", (January 2017) 75(1) The Advocate 103-107; about Mel Hunt, former JAG Officer; available at https://historyproject.allard.ubc.ca/sites/historyproject.law.ubc.ca/files/profile/melvinhunt.pdf (accessed 27 November 2017);

___________on Mel Hunt as a good fighting lawyer for his client, see the case of Duncan v. Canada (Minister of National Defence), 1989 CanLII 7187 (FC),  at  http://canlii.ca/t/g940v (accessed 9 April 2020);

HUNTER, J.W.G. (John), 28 January 1909-15 April 1993, Major, from Toronto, defended Pte. I. L. MacIntyre, see "Three Soldiers Face Court at Aldershot.  Charge of Causing Mutiny Laid Against One Man by Army",  Hamilton Spectator, 1945/07/31, available at https://collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5030369 (accessed 5 June 2019);

HUNTER, John, see "Parkdale:  Woman, 2 Men Try to Take Seat from Hunter", The Globe and Mail, 28 July 1953, at p. 7, available at https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca/...., accessed 27 June 2020;

Source: thestar.com/authors.hunter_paul.html, accessed 4 August 2018
Paul Hunter, journalist and author of this article

HUNTER, Paul, "Father ‘never felt any anger’ toward soldier charged in son’s death in Afghanistan", 2 May 2014, available at https://www.thestar.com/news/honourday/2014/05/02/father_never_felt_any_anger_toward_soldier_charged_in_sons_death_in_afghanistan.html (accessed 9 January 2014);

Walsh had been on routine patrol about 20 kilometres west of Kandahar, travelling in the back seat of a jeep-like
G-Wagon, when a gun discharged in the military vehicle. A single bullet hit Walsh in the chest, above his flak jacket.

The Canadian soldier responsible for the gun, Robbie Fraser, was charged with manslaughter and negligently
performing a military duty. As the investigation dragged for seven months, Walsh’s father Ben, became increasingly
angry and agitated that he was unable to get information or updates from the military.

So the senior Walsh, a retired RCMP officer, took matters into his own hands; rising to a challenge is, apparently,
a family trait.

Ben Walsh reached out to Fraser and arranged to meet him for a coffee in a cafe on the base at Shilo. There, Fraser
recounted what happened on a dusty Afghan road after the Canadian troops heard shots.

“They all got out, took the rifles out and Robbie took the machine gun too I guess,” recounted Walsh.

“They went and checked things out. Then Jeff got in the back first. Robbie was on the opposite side. He threw
his machine gun (into the vehicle) and then he threw his rifle in. The rifle hit something and went off.”


The charges against Fraser were eventually dropped and he remains in the military. Walsh keeps in touch with him.

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T. Murray Hunter, image source:
, accessed 22 February 2019

HUNTER, T.M. (T. Murray), Lieutenant-Colonel, Some aspects of disciplinary policy in the Canadian  services, 1914-1946, [Ottawa?] : Army Headquarters, Historical Section, report number 91, 15 July 1960, 131 leaves, 29 cm;  "NOTES: "This report was prepared by Lt.-Col. T.M. Hunter, a  member of the Law Society of British Columbia"--Leaf 114; "Unclassified under reference DHD 3-1 dated 19 May 1981"; available at http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/rep-rap/ahqrd-drqga-eng.asp?txtType=3&RfId=280 and http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/rep-rap/doc/ahqr-rqga/ahq091.pdf (accessed on 14 September 2013); also available at http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2016/mdn-dnd/D63-5-91-1960-eng.pdf (accessed 8 January 2019);

HURCOMB, Philip R. (Philip Redmond),  1909-1983,  JAG officer, died in Ottawa on 17/11/1983; on Hurcomb, see [The Crownnest, September 1964, vol. 16, number 9 at p. 28, available at: readyayeready.com/crowsnest/1964/1964-09.pdf, accessed 7 August 2018]:

commenced service in the RCNVR Feb. 20, 1942, as
a sub-lieutenant (SB); served in Carleton, Stadacona,
Bytown; transferred to RCN Jan. 17, 1946, as commander
(SB); served in Bytown, Ontario; last appointment Naval
Headquarters on Staff of Chief Naval Staff as Judge Advocate
of the Fleet and on staff of Chief Naval Personnel as Assistant
CNP.  (Administration); commenced leave Aug.4, 1964; retires
on February13, 1965.

___________memorandum by the P.R. Hurcomb, Judge Advocate of the Fleet, 7 August 1951, on the subject of Publication of Courts Martial Returns; the memorandum hereunder comes from the previously released Access to Information Act request-answer, file A-2018-00072, Library and Archives Canada; received by Francois Lareau under letter from Library and Archives Canada to Francois Lareau, 4 September 2018, file IR-2018-00630/GC;

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___________on HURCOMB, Captain (N) Philip R., see also the article "Officers and Men", (August 1964) 16(8) The Crowsnest  at p. 18; available at http://www.sous-marin.ca/crowsnest/1964-08.pdf (accessed 27 January 2019);

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___________on HURCOMB, Captain (N) Philip R., see his photo hereunder; many thanks to Phil and Fran Hurcomb for sending me the photo on 9 April 2020 by email;

Philip R. Hurcomb

___________on HURCOMB, Captain (N) Philip R., see his  testimony PARLIAMENT, House of Commons, Special Committee on Bill No. 133 An Act Respecting National Defence, Minutes of Proceedings and Evidence: Special Committee on Bill No. 133 on Act Respecting National Defence, Ottawa: Edmond Cloutier, King's Printer, 1950; eight numbers, No. 1 dated 23 May 1950 to No. 8 dated 6 June 1950, 360 p.; AVAILABLE at http://parl.canadiana.ca/view/oop.com_HOC_2102_3_1/1?r=0&s=1, accessed on 24 August 2020 and many thanks to my federal member of Parliament Mr. David McGuinty, Ottawa South and his executive Assistant Jenny Hooper for providing information about this link on 24 August 2020;  see number 1, dated 23 May 1950; number 2, 24 May 1950; number 3, 25 May 1950;  number 4, 26 May 1950; number 5, 29 May 1950; number 6, 30 May 1950; number 7, 1 June 1950; and number 8, 6 June 1950;

___________on HURCOMB, Captain (N) Philip R., see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, x, 242 p., at pp. 61, 83 and 95, ISBN: 0662321928,  available at  i-xii and 1-102;

The Navy ultimately appointed a lawyer to replace the Deputy Judge Advocate
of the Fleet at the end of the war.  Because he was a lawyer, the title was changed
to Judge Advocate of the Fleet (JAF).  The first JAF was Commander (later
Captain) Philipp R. Hurcomb, who had been a senior civilian lawyer in Ottawa
prior to the war, served in the Office of the JAG, and remained on with the
Regular Force at the war's end.  He held this position for almost all of its existence,
retiring just months before the position disappeared.

[McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa :
Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, x, 242 p., at p. 61, available at  pp. i-xii and 1-102]

___________on HURCOMB, Captain (N) Philip R., see photo hereunder that appeared in Le Devoir, Montréal, 3 November 1949 at p. 1, voir http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2781236 (site consulté le 8 avril 2020);

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___________on HURCOMB, Captain (N) Philip R., married Wadell Eileen Hurcomb (nee Thorson) in 1948, see https://www.hpmcgarry.ca/book-of-memories/1651766/Hurcomb-Wadell/obituary.php (accessed 9 April 2020);

Wadell Eileen Hurcomb (nee Thorson),
Wadell was born and raised in the small town of Gravelbourg,
Saskatchewan and moved to Ottawa in 1939, where she found
ork with the Bank of Canada.

 Her bilingual education at the francophone convent in Gravelbourg
served her well as she quickly rose through the ranks at the bank.

In 1948, she married Capt. Phil Hurcomb (RCN) and they began their family a year later.

Wadell was always a keen athlete and excelled at curling, golf and in her younger years, tennis.
She served on the executives of both the RCN Curling Club in Ottawa and the Uplands
Golf Club for many years, and competed in both sports at a high level.

Her main focus was always her family and her devotion will be remembered by all.

___________sur HURCOMB, Captain (N) Philip R.,  voir l'article "Mère et fils brûlés vifs.  Incendie rue Daly ce matin", Le Droit, Ottawa, le 15 avril 1950 aux pages 1 et 10 et disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/4058042 (site consulté le 9 avril 2020); Hurcomb injured while trying to rescue a person!

Les victimes sont: Mme Katherine Saunders, 38 ans, et son jeune fils, Timothy,
tous deux si brûlés qu'on a eu de la peine à les identifier.  Une autre personne,
le commandant Philip R. Hurcomb a été blessé à un bras en tentant de secourir
la famille Sanders

(Photo Le Droit --  Pierre Normandin)

___________sur HURCOMB, Captain (N) Philip R.,  voir l'article "Les navires regagnent Montréal em hâte",  La Presse, Montréal, mardi, le 18 juin 1968, aux pages 1 et 2; disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/lapresse/src/cahiers/1968/06/18/Z/82812_1968-06-18_Z.pdf (site consulté le 9 avril 2020); note: monsieur Hurcomb est alors le gérant général de la Dominion Marine Association (DMA), une association d'armateurs canadiens;

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HURDIS, Blake, Book Review:  Military Justice in Action: Annotated National Defence Legislation by Mr. Justice Gilles Létourneau and Professor Michel W. Drapeau, Thomson Reuters Canada, 2011, 1761 pages, June 2012 Esprit de Corps 67; available at https://static1.squarespace.com/static/51dabbe5e4b0a4195e575ebe/t/5b76ea5c575d1fdb9fd59370/1534519915533/Esprit_de_Corps_19-5_%28June2012%29+LR.pdf (accessed 21 February 2019);

Dan Hurley, source:                                 Caricature by Brian Gable, 1949-, The Globe and Mail, 6 January 1997.
accessed 20 September 2017

HURLEY, Daniel T., Turning around a supertanker: Media-military relations in Canada in the CNN age, thesis for the degree of Master of Journalism, School of Journalism, Carleton University, 2000, vi, 201 leaves; available at https://curve.carleton.ca/bdfb4660-74dc-4eb5-afb8-23d21cc28465 (accessed 5 October 2016);

Abstract In 1998, the Department of National Defence introduced a new public affairs policy pledging greater openness and transparency with the
Canadian public. The military endured five years of bad publicity following the death of a Somali teenager at the hands of Canadian soldiers in 1993.
During the “Somalia Affair,” the military was portrayed as a closed and secret culture, intolerant of diversity and internal dissent, and hostile towards
the media. The affair turned from bad to worse when amateur videos showing soldiers engaged in racist and violent activities were released. Public
support for DND plummeted. The Canadian military needed to become more open and transparent because advances in communication technology
have made the public more aware and the media more critical of its activities. With this in mind, DND has made noticeable changes to achieve this
goal. However, recent events have proven that old habits die hard with the Canadian military.

Image source: mobile.twitter.com/wateraid_nicole, accessed 28 December 2016
Nicole Hurtubise
HURTUBISE, Nicole G., Bridging the perception gap between the military and humanitarian actors, Thesis (M.A.)--Royal Roads University (Canada), 2005, 79 p.; document not consulted; on-going research, 19 August 2016;

Complex emergencies resulting from conflict bring together an intricate combination of military and humanitarian actors.
This study explores how to destigmatize the prevailing humanitarian-military debate by standardizing constructive dialogue
and the sharing of mutual knowledge at strategic and operational levels between both sets of actors. Qualitative data was
collected from a set of 18 interviews carried out with respondents selected from the Canadian military, the humanitarian sector,
the Canadian government and academia. While the military and humanitarian actors are rightfully diligent in maintaining an
arm's length distance, the decisions to work together or not should come from an understanding of the other's mission, mandates
and operational constraints and not out of defensiveness or hostility. There are far more commonalities between both sets of
actors than what might be readily evident. Hence, there may be opportunities to find a language that bridges the perception gap
and that is less beset with stigma.

HUTCHEON, Alex., Major, on, see "Maj. A. Hutcheon  To Practice Law", The Leader-Post, Saturday, 26 July 1919 at p. 32, available at https://www.newspapers.com/...., accessed 24 May 2020; 

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___________on HUTCHEON, Alex, "Barrister Passes on.  Alex Hutcheon Dies at Age of 55 Following Operation at P.A.", Star Phoenix, Saskatoon, Friday 21 January 1938 at p. 3; available at https://www.newspapers.com/, accessed 16 December 2020;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
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___________research note on HUTCHEON, from "Major A. Hutcheon Back in City Hall.  Resumes Position as Assistant City Solicitor After Four Years of War", The Leader-Post, Regina, Tuesday, 8 July 1919 at p. 14, available at https://www.newspapers.com/image/...., accessed 25 May 2020;

Major A. Hutcheon who was assistant  solicitor of Regina
before the war, and enlisted as a private with the first
contingent in 1914....

Image source: findingaids.library.dal.ca/uploads/r/dalhousie-university-archives/8
Clayton Hutchins                             /7/6/87660e1a575ac8d62e06bba43ff5d9b04f6646534823b79e7e4ef56f239c969d/1941_Yearbook.pdf, accessed 5 November 2018

HUTCHINS, Clayton, former member of the OJAG, see:
- SMITH, Bryan, "Tips from the top fall 2010", Canadian Lawyer, 23 August 2010:
[Scott C. Norton , Stewart McKelvey, Halifax writes:] "Evidence. The professor was
Clayton Hutchins, who was a retired lawyer from the Judge Advocate General division
of the military. He had a very black-and-white view of the rules of evidence and required
us to memorize them for a closed-book exam. That was great foundation for a litigator.
He also had great “real life” stories to put the material in context."

- professor at the Dalhousie Law School, Halifax, see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers,
 Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at p. 212, available at pp. 103-242;

- several publications on law (criminal law, procedure and evidence), see Dalhousie University catalogue NOVANET at
 https://aleph1.novanet.ca/F?RN=622671060; and search Hutchins, Clayton;

- Clayton Hutchins was the prosecutor in the court martial referred to in the article: "No Inten to Kill, Soldier Pleads", The Globe and Mail,
5 August 1952, at p. 7:

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Source: ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The Globe and Mail
accessed 5 November 2018.

- Photo of Clayton Hutchins with others,  at "Law faculty et al say farewell",  Dal News, vol. 14. number 16, 6 July 1984,   p. 10,
available at findingaids.library.dal.ca/uploads/r/dalhousie-university-archives/3/c/5/3c5956e8139fc42ae0516ce7
(accessed 1 March 2019)

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- Photo of Lieutenant-Colonel Hutchins, The Ottawa Citizen, Thursday, 5 June 1958.
at p. 16, r
etrieved from http://biblioottawalibrary.ca.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca/
, accessed 1 May 2020;

Scott Hutchison, source: http://hhllp.ca/#
scotthutchison, accessed 7 August 2018

HUTCHISON, Scott C. and Michael P. Bury, Search and Seizure Law in Canada,  Scarborough (Ontario): Carswell, A Thomson Company, 1990-, 600 p., looseleaf suplemented book,  ISBN: 0459350617; see Chapter 9 on "Military Searches";

Source: https://vimeo.com/31240507, accessed 20 August 2016
Gilles Létourneau (left) with Michel Drapeau

HUTTON, David, "Military Justice in Action: Book Lauch", 28 October 2011; available at http://fairwhistleblower.ca/content/military-justice-action-book-launch  (accessed on 2 September 2013); includes a 20 minute video of the presentations; about Gilles Létourneau with Michel Drapeau's book, Miltary Justice in Action: Annotated National Defence Legislation, 1st edition 2011; the video is also available at https://vimeo.com/31240507 (accessed on 7 March 2015);

It is especially fitting that the Canadian War Museum was the venue for the launch of a book that is intended to improve the lot of those who serve in our forces.

The event featured an impressive array of speakers including recently-retired Supreme Court judge Ian Binnie, Justice Edmund Blanchard, and Richard Pound, former vice president of the International Olympic Committee, who all paid tribute to the authors and their 1,900-page volume. Governor General David Johnston, Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Forces was also present. (source: http://safeskies.ca/content/military-justice-action-book-launch, accessed 7 March 2015)

HUYQUART, Aurélie, Captain, legal officer with the OJAG, represented the Director of Military Prosecutions with Major A. Dhillon in Hadley G.A. (Sergeant), R. v., 2019 CM 4020 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/j5hjc>, accessed 14 September 2020; member of the Law Society of Ontario;

___________photo of Aur/lie Huyquart in the JAG Annual Report, 2020-21 at p. 36 and available at canada.ca/content/dam/dnd-mdn/documents/legal-juridique/reports-rapports/jag/jag-annual-report-2020-21-en-20220412-opt-full.pdf  (accessed 9 April 2023);

"Capt Huyquart and Capt Gagné during Ex ABLE ADVOCATE
as part of the Legal Officer Qualification Course in O
ctober 2020"

Source: assnat.qc.ca/en/deputes/hyde-john-richard-3695/biographie.html (accessed 21 August 2018)
John Richard Hyde

HYDE, J.R. (John Richard), 1912-2003 (died in Kanata), research note: article about a General Court martial where Major J.R. Hyde from Montreal was defence counsel,  see "Procès de trois soldats devant une Cour martiale, à Aldershot", Le soleil,  mardi 31 juillet 1945, à la p. 9; disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/3439529 (consulté le 21 août 2018);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
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___________on HYDE, J.R. (John Richard), see article about a General Court martial where Major J.R. Hyde from Montreal was defence counsel, "Canadian Not Guilty of Fomenting Mutiny", Hamilton Spectator, 1945/08/01, available at https://collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5030367  (accessed 4 June 2019);

____________note WIKIPEDIA sur John Richard Hyde at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Richard_Hyde  (accessed 21 August 2018);

John Richard Hyde (15 November 1912 – 15 July 2003) was a Canadian soldier, provincial politician and judge.


Born in Montreal, Quebec, the son of George Gordon Hyde, a Quebec MNA and member of the Legislative Council of Quebec,
and Lilian Boronow, he studied at the Royal Military College of Canada from 1930 to 1934. He studied law at Cambridge University
from 1934 to 1935 and the Université de Montréal from 1935 to 1938. He was called to the Quebec Bar in 1938.


He practiced law with his father at law firm of Hyde and Ahern (now called Ahern, Lalonde, Nuss & Drymer). During World War II,
he served with the Royal Canadian Artillery in France and Belgium. After the war, he resumed his law practice and remained in
the reserves eventually reaching the rank of Brigadier-General.

He was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec representing the riding of Westmount–Saint-Georges in a 1955 by-election.
A Liberal, he was re-elected in 1956, 1960, 1962, and 1966. He was Speaker of the Legislative Assembly from January 9, 1962 to
October 14, 1965. From 1965 to 1966, he was the Minister of Revenue in the cabinet of Jean Lesage. In 1971 he was made a
judge of the Provincial Court. He retired in 1982.

He died in Kanata, Ontario in 2003.

HYLAND, Christopher James, Merciless marches and martial law: Canada's commitment to the occupation of the Rhineland, University of New Brunswick, Department of History, MA, 2007 or 2008, 138 p;

Description: In the aftermath of the First World War, the Canadian Corps was involved in an epic march
to the Rhineland to engage in garrison duties in the Cologne bridgehead, as part of the British Army. Yet,
a narrative of the Canadian Corps' experience in the Rhineland is largely absent from the literature concerning
the occupation of German territory. A comprehensive account and analysis of the corps' activities, from
November 1918 to January 1919, is not present in the Canadian martial and diplomatic texts concerning the
First World War. To date, historians have left several questions unanswered concerning the Dominion's first
experience occupying the home territory of a European enemy. Using a comprehensive search of existing
literature, Chapter 1 outlines the genesis of Canadian involvement in the occupation of the Rhineland.
Based on new archival research, Chapter 2 reveals the initial plans and preparations during the week prior
to the advance to Germany. Chapters 3 and 4 chronicle the Canadian Corps' experiences during the march
to the Rhineland and the impacts of a difficult logistical situation. Defence schemes, duties and methods
to maintain discipline are the subject of Chapter 5 while soldier-civilian interactions and the misbehaviour
on both sides are described in Chapter 6. Finally, the Canadian Corps' relief from the bridgehead and return
to Belgium are accounted for in Chapter 7. Throughout the period of Canadian Corps involvement in the
occupation, three themes—demobilization, logistics and image—underpin the Canadian soldiers' experiences
and largely explain the manner in which many events unfolded.
[Source: http://primo-pmtna01.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?ct=Next+Page&pag=nxt&pageNumber
, accessed 12 October 2018;
© ProQuest LLC All rights reserved]

The Honourable Justice Robert Hyslop

HYSLOP, The Honourable Justice Robert, former JAG officer; note by F. Lareau: I remember that Capt Hyslop was working in the OJAG in NDHQ, Ottawa in 1974;

The Honourable Justice Robert Hyslop (BA ’69) is the recipient of the 2013 Judge J Elliott Hudson Distinguished Alumnus Award. He graduated
from King’s with a BA in history in 1969 and then pursued law at Dalhousie Law School, graduating in 1973. He was also admitted to the Bar of
Nova Scotia in 1973. He received a master of laws in criminology and criminal justice from the University of London, England, in 2007.

During his King’s years, Bob was an active member of Cochran Bay and was enrolled in the University Reserve Training Program. He was
commissioned as a pilot officer and served as a lieutenant in the Royal Canadian Air Force at CFB Halifax, 1969-70. In the early 1970s he served
with the Judge Advocates Generals Office in Ottawa. He continued his association with the Armed Forces and was appointed lieutenant commander
of the Navy in 1986 and commander in 1994, at the same time as taking up his duties as a military trial judge.
[Read the rest at : ukings.ca/news/judge-j-elliott-hudson-distinguished-alumnus-award-announced/, accessed 13 October 2017]

_____________Robert B. Hyslop now retired; you can visit him at his Twitter account at https://twitter.com/rbhyslop (accessed 11 December 2019);

Photo of Teresa Iacobelli, photo reproduced from http://www.queensu.ca/history/people/facultyinstructorsalpha/iacobelli.html (accessed on 31 March 2014) 
IACOBELLI, Teresa,  "Arbitrary Justice?  A Comparative Analysis of Canadian Death Sentences Passed and Commuted during the First World War", (Winter 2007) 16(1) Canadian Military History 23-36; available at http://scholars.wlu.ca/cmh/vol16/iss1/3/ and  http://scholars.wlu.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1444&context=cmh (accessed 7 January 2016);

Image source: http://www.amazon.ca
__________ Death or Deliverance: Canadian Courts Martial in the Great War, Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press (UBC Press), 2013, 192 p., ISBN: 9780774825672 (http://www.ubcpress.ca/search/title_book.asp?BookID=299174177; (accessed on 29 September 2013);

Acknowledgments / ix

Introduction / 1
1 Competing Ideologies / 11
2 Military Law: An Overview / 23
3 The Crimes / 37
4 The Court Martial Process / 65
5 The Confirmation Process / 83
6 Pardon Campaigns / 111
Conclusion / 129

Notes / 143
Bibliography / 165
Index / 173  (Source: http://www.ubcpress.ca/books/pdf/chapters/2013/DeathOrDeliverance.pdf, accessed on 2 September 2013)

source of image and story: knowhistory.ca/death-or-deliverance-canadian-courts-martial-in-the-great-war-2/, accessed 9 April 2017 
Teresa Iacobelli lecturing in 2016 on courts martial during the
First World War

__________No example is needed : discipline and authority in the Canadian expeditionary Force during the First World War, London, Ont. : School of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies, University of Western Ontario, c2009, Thesis (Ph.D.), vii, 287 leaves, 29 cm.;


This thesis is a study of the application of military law in the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) during the First World War. In particular, this study
examines the use of the death sentence for the crimes of desertion and cowardice in order to reveal both the structure of military authority, and how
strictly military law was applied. While previous studies have looked at the small number of confirmed death sentences during the First World War,
this study greatly expands the research base by also using the case files of commuted death sentences in order to provide a much fairer representation
of military justice. Case files from commuted death sentences include transcripts of the actual courts-martial, as well as the letters of recommendation
that were provided by a convicted soldier's commanding officers. In these letters commanding officers were expected to comment on whether a death
sentence should be confirmed or commuted, as well as provide the reasoning behind their decision. This study has made clear that military discipline
during the Great War was far less brutal, and far more flexible than has previously been supposed. There was a great amount of leverage within the
military judicial system.  Every level of command was encouraged to voice their opinion, and the opinion of Battalion Commanders mattered just as
much, and sometimes more, than the opinion of higher ranking Brigade and Divisional Commanders. Furthermore, in determining who would be
executed, the individual records of soldiers mattered far less than the timing of an offence and the behaviour of the battalion as a whole.
[Source: http://gradworks.umi.com/NR/73/NR73481.html, accessed on 17 March 2012]

IACOBELLI, Teresa,  John Boileau, "Face to Face: Were the First World War executions of 25 CEF members justified?", Legion Magazine, 1 September 2017, available at legionmagazine.com/en/2017/09/face-to-face-were-the-first-world-war-executions-of-25-cef-members-justified/, accessed 21 September 2017

John Ibbitson, image source:                                       Daniel Leblanc, image source:
theglobeandmail.com/authors/john-ibbitson               https://www.theglobeandmail.com/authors/daniel-leblanc, accessed 12 August 2017
IBBITSON, John and Daniel Leblanc, "Former military members who were discharged over sexuality launch class-action suits", The Globe and Mail, 1 November 2016; available at http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/former-public-service-staff-launch-sexual-discrimination-lawsuits/article32609060/? (accessed 3 November 2016);

plaintiffs seek redress for members of the Canadian Forces and the federal public service “who were investigated, targeted, sanctioned and/or who were
discharged or terminated by the Government of Canada because of their sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression,” according to a statement
of claim deposited Monday in Quebec Superior Court.


Two representative plaintiffs – Martine Roy for Quebec and Todd Ross for the rest of Canada – and their lawyers will announce the lawsuits at a news conference
on Parliament Hill Tuesday. The Globe and Mail was informed of the lawsuit in advance.

IDEABLAWG., "Section 5 -- The Criminal Code and the Canadian Forces: Episode 8 of the Ideablawg Podcasts on the Criminal Code of Canada", 10 November 2013, available at http://www.ideablawg.ca/blog/2013/11/10/section-5-the-criminal-code-and-the-canadian-forces-episode.html (accessed 10 March 2018);

IGNATIEFF, Michael, The Virtual War: Kosovo and Beyond, Toronto, Viking 2000; title noted but book not consulted yet (7 May 2020);

ILBERT, Courtney, Captain, R.A., deputy judge advocate general, acting, British army staff,  see L. Homfray Irving, Canadian Military Institute, Officers of the British forces in Canada during the war of 1812-15,  [Place of publication not identified] : Welland Tribune Print, 1908, ix, 309 pages; 22 cm, at pages 19-20, available at https://archive.org/details/officersbrit00irvirich, accessed 2 June 2020;

Sharon Ilavsky
ILAVSKY, Sharon, legal officer with the office of the JAG; member of the Ontario Bar;  see https://www.linkedin.com/in/sharonilavsky/ (accessed 8 April 2023);

ILLINGWORTH, Heidi, photo (image fixe à partir du video) de Mme ILLINGWORTH témoignant devant le Comité sénatorial de la sécurité nationale et de la défense sur le Projet de Loi C-77, Loi modifiant la Loi sur la défense nationale et apportant des modifications connexes et corrélatives à d'autres lois, 15 mai 2019, disponible à http://senparlvu.parl.gc.ca/XRender/en/PowerBrowser/PowerBrowserV2/20190515/-1/8916?useragent=Mozilla/5.0%20(Windows%20NT%206.1;%20Win64;%20x64;%20rv:67.0)%20Gecko/20100101%20Firefox/67.0#  (vérifié le 29 mai 2019); Mme Illingworth est l'ombudsman fédéral des victimes d'actes criminels;

___________on ILLINGWORTH, Heidi, see La Presse canadienne, "Système de justice militaire : une protection défaillante des droits de victimes", Radio-Canada, 10 mars 2019, disponible à https://ici.radio-canada.ca/nouvelle/1157635/ombudsman-federal-actes-criminels-reforme-ottawa  (vériifé le 17 novembre 2020);  

A.M. Inglis, photo source: http://www.europe.forces.gc.ca/sites/internet-eng.aspx?page=7982, accessed on 10 April 2014

INGLIS, Lt(N) A.M. (April M.), "A Life of Service: A brief biography of former JAG: BGen (ret'd) James Simpson, QC, IDC", (2004) 1 Les actualités JAG Newsletter 11-13;
___________"Une vie de service : Une brève biographie de l'ancien JAG: le Bgén (ret) James Simpson", (2004) 1 Les actualités JAG Newsletter 14-16;

April Inglis, home in Ottawa

___________on INGLIS, April, see "A New Backyard Oasis Helps a Military Lawyer Cope With Her PTSD (11 photos)", 26 October 2018, includes VIDEO; available at https://hub.moderaneedham.com/houzz/a-new-backyard-oasis-helps-a-military-lawyer-cope-with-her-ptsd-11-photos-10 and https://www.houzz.com/ideabooks/115047827/video/a-new-backyard-oasis-helps-a-military-lawyer-cope-with-her-ptsd (accessed 16 Jasnuary 2019);

A lot of things can trigger April Inglis’ post-traumatic stress disorder. As a military lawyer of 20 years who
spent a good amount of time in places like Afghanistan, she confronts triggers throughout her daily life in Ottawa,
Ontario. But there’s one place she doesn’t have to worry about

Canadian LCdr April Inglis, a lawyer with the Kandahar Provincial Reconstruction Team, exchanges information through
                                                               an interpreter (foreground) regarding issues of the Afghan justice system (photo: MCpl Robert Bottrill, image source:
___________on Lt.-Cmdr April Inglis, see  POTTER, Mitch, "A Military Lawyer's Life in Afghanistan", The Toronto Star, 20 December 2007, p. A1; available at http://www.thestar.com/news/2007/12/20/a_military_lawyers_life_in_afghanistan.html (accessed on 24 February 2015); interview with Lt.-Cmdr. April Inglis;

Photo by MCpl Robert Bottrill, Canadian Forces Combat Camera (IS 2007-0725)
Lieutenant Commander April Inglis, 29 November 2007,  Kandahar, Afghanistan

___________Photo of Lieutenant Commander April Inglis, 29 November 2007,  Kandahar, Afghanistan, Canadian Forces Imagery Gallery, available at http://www.combatcamera.forces.gc.ca/gallery/cc_photos/detail/?filename=IS2007-0725&assetId=12758 (accessed 18 June 2017);disponible également en français à http://www.combatcamera.forces.gc.ca/gallery/cc_photos/detail/?filename=IS2007-0725&assetId=12758&lang=fra;

Canadians officials of the Kandahar Provincial Reconstruction Team (KPRT), Lieutenant Commander April Inglis, a Canadian Forces lawyer and
Farrah Musani (right), Program Officer from the Department of Foreign Affairs, walk with Afghan officials from the justice system, Abdul Jalil
Moulawvi Zada (left), Chief Justice of the High Court of Kandahar and Mulawvi Obaidullah, Afghan Director of Kandahar Ekhtisab (ethics advisor
to the court system), for an exchange of information on the Afghan justice system and it’s functioning.

The Kandahar Provincial Reconstruction Team (KPRT) consists of Canadian Forces soldiers, a civilian police contingent led by the RCMP, and
representatives from the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT), and the Canadian International Development Agency(CIDA).
The KPRT conducts coordinated interdepartmental operations aimed at promoting good governance, helping the Government of Afghanistan to extend
its authority in the province of Kandahar, and facilitating the development of a stable, secure and self-sustaining environment for the Afghan people. ...


INSTITUT RIDEAU INSTITUTE, Letter to Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada, "RE: Need for Commission of Inquiry on Canada’s Transfer of Afghan Detainees to Torture", 7 June 2016, available at (accessed 8 October 2016); available at https://bccla.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Afghan_OpenLetter-Jun7-2016_EN.pdf (accessed 8 October 2016);

The previous government systematically blocked all efforts to investigate what happened.
Citing operational security concerns, it refused to provide uncensored information to the
public, Parliament, the Federal Court, and the Military Police Complaints Commission
(MPCC). It also thwarted an investigation by the House of Commons Special Committee
on Afghanistan, first by refusing to disclose documents and then by shutting down the
committee when the Conservatives won a majority in 2011. The House approved a
December 1, 2009 motion: “That, in the opinion of the House, the government should,
in accordance with Part I of the Inquiries Act, call a Public Inquiry into the transfer of
detainees in Canadian custody to Afghan authorities from 2001 to 2009.” This motion
was ignored. 

INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION OF JURISTS, Military Jurisdiction and International Law, Vol. 1 : Military Courts and Gross Human Rights Violations, in two parts, 2004, and see Part II,  "Military Jurisdiction and National Law", at pp. 190-201 for Canada, available at  http://www.icj.org/news.php3?id_article=3254&lang=en  and http://www.icj.org/IMG/pdf/Trib._mil._ENG-_part_II.pdf  (accessed on 23 July 2008); also available at http://www.ecoi.net/file_upload/87_1184764985_trib-mil-eng-part-ii.pdf (accessed on 18 December 2011);

From the left: Linda Bianchi, Marie Deschamps and Blaise Cathcart

INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION OF JURISTS CANADA, Administrator, News, "Successful CPD Event: Rule of law in interventions in fragile states", 4 November 2016, available at http://www.icjcanada.org/index.php/en/news.html (accessed 9 January 2017);

On October 20, 2017 [sic should read 2016], ICJ Canada held a very special full-day CPD programme in Ottawa, focusing on building the rule of law in fragile states
through whole of government involvement, linking military, justice sector, humanitarian, and development assistance.


Other themes discussed during the day included:


Oversight of international peacebuilding efforts in relation to international criminal law (Hon. Marie Deschamps, former justice of the SCC and UN investigator; Linda Bianchi, Counsel, Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Section, Department of Justice and former international prosecutor; MGen Blaise Cathcart, Judge Advocate General)

INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS, "Customary IHL -- Canada", available at http://www.icrc.org/customary-ihl/eng/docs/v2_cou_ca  (accessed on 31 May 2012); IMPORTANT CONTRIBUTION

___________"Follow-up to the 28th International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent -- Implementation -- Government -- Canada", available at http://www.icrc.org/Applic/p128e.nsf/va_IBP/7B837043D89AB4F9C12573AE0032E724?openDocument&section=IBP (accessed on 22 May 2012); see also https://rcrcconference.icrc.org/applic/pledges/p128e.nsf/va_navPage/IBP?OpenDocument&Start=1&Count=1000&Expand=1.27 (accessed 28 December 2016);

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___________Handbook on International Rules Governing Military Operations, Geneva: International Committee of the Red Cross, 2013, 459 p,; available at https://shop.icrc.org/handbook-on-international-rules-governing-military-operations.html?___store=default  (accessed 16 October 2017);

___________"Recent activities to promote national implementation of International Humanitarian Law in countries and organizations of the Americas", 31-05-1998, ICRC Resource Centre; Note: "Working document prepared by the International Committee of the Red Cross for the information of OAS member States which are party to the 1949 Geneva Conventions"; available at https://www.icrc.org/eng/resources/documents/misc/57jp74.htm (accessed 7 January 2016);


1. National structures for implementation of IHL

- October 1996. Representatives of the Canadian Permanent Mission took part in the Meeting of experts on committees or other bodies for the national implementation of IHL, organized by the ICRC in Geneva.

- March 1998. Discussions were under way on the establishment of a Canadian National Committee on International Humanitarian Law, in accordance with a Memorandum of Understanding between the Departments of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, National Defence and Justice, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, the Canadian International Development Agency and the Canadian Red Cross Society. Representatives of these departments and bodies were to be the core members of the Committee; other members may be designated on an ad hoc basis for particular projects. The Committee's main functions will be to the facilitate implementation of IHL and to offer advice on dissemination. It is anticipated that the Committee will meet two or three times a year, and special meetings may be convened as needed. The Canadian Red Cross will provide secretariat services. The first meeting was scheduled for March 1998.

2. Legislative and administrative measures

- Canada ratified the 1980 Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons in 1994 and the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention in 1995. It ratified the Ottawa treaty banning anti-personnel landmines in 1997, and adopted implementing legislation the same year (Bill C-22, passed by the House of Commons on 24 November 1997).

- April 1998. The Canadian National Committee on International Humanitarian Law was formally established on the basis of a Memorandum of Understanding of 18 March signed by the Departments represented on the Committee.

INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT, Tools, available at https://www.legal-tools.org/  (accessed 10 March 2017);

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF HUMANITARIAN LAW, Rules of Engagement Handbook, San Remo, November 2009; available at http://www.usnwc.edu/getattachment/7b0d0f70-bb07-48f2-af0a-7474e92d0bb0/San-Remo-ROE-Handbook (accessed on 8 May 2012); Major Phillip Drew, Canadian Forces was part of thedrafting team;
INSTITUT INTERNATIONAL DE DROIT HUMANITAIRE À SAN REMO, Rédigé sous les auspices de l', Manuel de San Remo sur les règles d'engagement, San Remo, novembre 2009; disponible à http://www.usnwc.edu/getattachment/40f03e66-8753-458f-b90c-1dfca1be95b9/Sanremo-ROE-Handbook-%28French%29 (vérifié le 8 mai 2012);  le Capitaine Phillip Drew, Forces canadiennes faisait partie de l'équipe de rédaction;

Source: https://books.google.ca. accessed 22 September 2015
___________San Remo Manual on International Law Applicable to Armed  Conflicts at Sea / prepared by international lawyers and naval experts convened by the HIIKL; editor Louise Doswald-Beck,Cambridge; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1995, ix, 257 p., ISBN: 0521551889 (hardcover) and 0521558646 (pbk.); see book preview at http://books.google.ca/books?id=-janjtEKr7UC&pg=PR1&lpg=PR1&dq=%22San+Remo+Manual+on+International+Law+applicable+to+Armed+Conflicts+at+Sea%22+fenrick&source=bl&ots=mlbDbbzUJU&sig=B-5Ekhrmbp5d7DWeLfa1uE3Fphk&hl=en&sa
(accessed on 5 March 2012); Commander William J. Fenrick, Canadian Forces,  was part of the team of experts who authored the Explanation; copy at the University of Ottawa, FTX General KZ 6563 .S256 1995;

                                                                                                                                   Source of image for mefloquine box: globalnews.ca/news/3099642/saskatchewan-veteran-speaks-out-about-experience-with-mefloquine/

INTERNATIONAL MEFLOQUINE VETERANS ALLIANCE, "A Clinical Drug Trial Gone Wrong and the Unfinished Business of the Somalia Affairs". posted on 18 July 2016, available at https://imvalliance.org/2016/07/18/a-clinical-drug-trial-gone-wrong-and-the-unfinished-business-of-the-somalia-affair/ (accessed 12 December 2017);

INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR MILITARY LAW AND THE LAW OF WAR, "Conference on Military Jurisdiction Rhodes (Greece), 28 September 2011 to 2 October 2011 -- Questionnaire [with answers from Canada]", version 3A -- Sep 12, 2011, 21 p., available at http://home.scarlet.be/~ismllw/conferences/QUESTIONNAIRE%20RHODES/Canada%20EN.pdf (accessed on 26 February 2012);
SOCIÉTÉ INTERNATIONALE DE DROIT MILITAIRE ET DE DROIT DE LA GUERRE, "Conférence relative à la jurisdiction militaire Rhodes (Grèce), du 28 septembre 2011 au 2 octobre 2011 -- Questionnaire [avec les réponses du Canada]", version 3A -- 12 sept 2011, 23 p., disponible à http://home.scarlet.be/~ismllw/conferences/QUESTIONNAIRE%20RHODES/Canada%20FR.pdf (site visité le 26 février 2012);

___________Les Garanties des droits individuels dans le répression disciplinaire et pénale militaire : IIIe congrès  international, Strasbourg 20-21 mai 1964 / Préface de Jacques Léauté / Safeguard of individual rights in the application of military law and disciplinary regulations, Strasbourg, [Paris,] : Éditions Cujas, 1966, 280 p., 25 cm; title noted in my research but book not consulted; may deal with Canada?; copy at McGill University, University of Toronto and Carleton University, UB790.I58 (CaOOCC)0491179; recherches en cours (27 octobre 2016);

INTRIPID, A Podcast called, by  Stephanie Carvin and Craig Forcese:

-Episode  44:  "War of the Words" View in iTunes

"Stephanie and Craig welcome two terrific guests back to the show: Major-General (ret) Blaise Cathcart (Canada's former JAG)
and Leah West (in her pre-law days, an ops officer with the Canadian Armed Forces). Today, we circle back to a topic we
addressed in Ep 11: "targeted killing". Our return to this topic is sparked by Stewart Bell's reporting at Global on a 2015
Canadian government memo discussing the "the strategic issues associated with the targeting of enemy combatants who are also
Canadian citizens in Op IMPACT, the CAF contribution to Coalition Operation INHERENT RESOLVE efforts against" ISIS."
[Source: https://itunes.apple.com/ca/podcast/intrepid/id1289996203#, accessed 5 July 2018]

[Research notes: There are more appearances of Blaise Cathcart on INTREPID, look under Cathcart, Blaise in this bibliography]

ISABELLE, Caroline, lawyer, member of the Quebec Bar since 2009 and member of the OJAG, photo hereunder:

, [20 February 2020]
The DJA St-Jean (Maj JF Guay) met yesterday with both OJAG
members undergoing their Basic Military Qualification for Officers
in St-Jean, Capt Caroline Isabelle and Capt Adam Plenkiewicz [left].
Their morale is great. All the OJAG is with you!"

Caroline Isabelle

___________ISABELLE, Caroline at https://ca.linkedin.com/in/caroline-isabelle-3141a372, accessed 28 June 2020;

ISAZA, Sofia Gutierrez, La criminologie et l'affaire somalienne, thèse (M.A.), Université d'Ottawa, 2008, v, 107 p.; disponible à http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/thesescanada/vol2/002/MR48460.PDF (vérifié le 16 avril 2012);

"La guerre et son étude ont pendant longtemps été un domaine appartenant au champ des sciences politiques, car elle relevait de la sphère inter étatique.
Suite aux deux grandes guerres du 20 siècle, le droit et la sociologie s'y sont intéressés et ont d'ailleurs développé des concepts ainsi que des théories
afin d'aborder la guerre: que ce soit le droit international et la pénalisation de certains comportements à travers un système de justice international ou
que ce soit par l'étude des acteurs et des mouvements de la guerre. Or, la criminologie en tant que discipline des sciences sociales spécialisée dans l'étude
du crime, la pénologie du crime et les politiques de contrôle de la criminalité ne s'est pas ou très peu aventurée dans l'étude des guerres et plus
précisément dans l'étude des crimes de guerre. Cette recherche se veut un exercice pratique de l'application de théories criminologiques à un cas
présentant une situation de crime de guerre. Le choix s'est arrêté sur l'affaire somalienne de 1993, une situation délicate bien connue par le public
canadien de par sa vaste médiatisation. Pour cette étude, nous cherchions à évaluer et à sonder l'utilité d'une application de théories criminologiques
en choisissant comme objet d'étude l'interprétation des membres des propres Forces canadiennes des évènements de l'affaire somalienne. Compte
tenu l'univers technique des militaires, ainsi que la complexité de l'affaire somalienne, cette étude ne cherchera pas à contribuer à l'étude des
interprétations sociales des crimes de guerre, mais elle évaluera le processus d'application de deux théories criminologiques à cet objet d'étude. Nos
choix méthodologiques ont dans leur ensemble constitué une partie de notre objet de recherche. À travers une méthode qualitative, nous avons
recueilli et choisi deux témoignages de militaires de la Commission d'enquête royale et d'un des procès à la cour martiale à travers desquels s'insérait
un récit des évènements. L'analyse narrative a été appliquée permettant de déceler des caractéristiques narratives quant au contenu, mais également
quant à la fonction du narrateur de ces récits. Bien que l'échantillon choisi est très limité l'analyse du matériel a permit de tirer certaines tendances
 L'analyse de la mobilisation des cadres normatifs pour définir le caractère déviant ainsi que celle de la gestion des problèmes sous la perspective
de la profession a dans les deux cas permis d'identifier qu'il existe plusieurs interprétations des évènements et ce, malgré la culture sociale militaire
et la même formation académique à caractère militaire. D'autre part, ces deux analyses indiquent que la position hiérarchique du militaire devient
un facteur important non seulement lorsque vient le moment de définir le crime de guerre, mais également quant à la gestion du problème suite à
ces évènements. Ainsi, bien que les militaires partagent des caract?ristiques sociales, professionnelles et culturelles communes, ce sera plutôt
l'appartenance au groupe militaire et plus encore la position hiérarchique occupée au sein de l'institution qui influencent l'interprétation des militaires
par rapport à des situations telles que les crimes de guerre. Au delà? de ces résultats, cette étude vise plutôt à contribuer au débat quant à l'absence
des études sur les crimes de guerre en criminologie."
[source: http://gradworks.umi.com/MR/48/MR48460.html, visité le 21 janvier 2012]

ISENOR, Nancy, lawyer, member of the OJAG:

" Jun 1 [2018]

Lieutenant-Colonel Nancy Isenor, Director of Law/Intelligence
and Information Operations, was the Course Director for this
week’s Detention and Captured Persons Course at
in San Remo, Italy."

source: Twitter account: https://twitter.com/JAGCAF, https://twitter.com/JAGCAF/media

Captain Nancy Isenor, 2002-11-30
sources at:



___________notes on ISENOR,  Nancy from "Speakers by Program-- CBA Military Law Conference", Ottawa, 24 May 2018; available at https://www.cbapd.org/speakers_en.aspx?id=na_mil18 (accessed 16 January 2019);

LCol Nancy Isenor is the Director of the Office of the Judge Advocate General Intelligence and Information Operations
Directorate. She is responsible for the overall provision of legal support to DG Cyber, DGIMO, CFINTCOM, CFNCIU,
as well as ADM Pol on cyber operations, network operations, intelligence and information operations since September
2016. Since 1999, LCol Isenor has served in a number of positions within the Office of the Judge Advocate General.
She served as a prosecutor in the Directorate of Military Prosecutions from April 1999 - July 2002, Legal Advisor to the
Royal Military College from July 2002 - July 2003, Deputy Judge Advocate Trenton from July 2003 - July 2006,
Canadian Legal Advisor to NORAD from July 2006 - August 2009, Canadian Joint Incident Response Unit (CJIRU)
Legal Advisor from August 2009 - August 2013, DLaw Military Justice Operations 3 from August 2013 - October 2013,
Special Assistant 2 to the Canadian Armed Forces Judge Advocate General from October 2013 - July 2014, Canadian
Special Forces Command Head Quarters Legal Advisor from July 2014 - September 2015, and Director of Strategic Joint
Staff Legal Advisors from September 2015 - September 2016. LCol Isenor deployed to Bosnia between March - September
2003 as the Senior Legal Advisor. She deployed to Afghanistan from Sept 2010 - March 2011 where she was the legal
advisor to Canadian Special Forces Task Force 58. Domestically, LCol Isenor deployed in support of the 2010 G8/G20
Summit and to the 2010 Winter Olympics where she provided legal advice to Canadian Special Forces Command. LCol
Isenor is a graduate of University of Manitoba, (B.A. - 1994 and LL B -1997), and Queen's University (LL M - 2012).
She was called to the bar and became a member of the Law Society of Manitoba in 1998. Working for a short period in
private practice, she enrolled in the Canadian Armed Forces as a member of the Office of the Judge Advocate General
in January 1999.

___________photo of Nancy Isenor with others:

LCol Nancy Isenor, third from the left.

" Jun 21 [2019] Congratulations to the members of our Operational and International
Law Division on receiving the Public Safety, Defence and Immigration Advisory Award 2019 for their work on the
National Security and Intelligence Committee of Parliamentarians file!"

----Image: amazon.com/Canadian-State-Trials-Toleration-1914-1939/dp/1442631082
Ben Isitt, image source:https://twitter.com/ben_isitt, accessed         
14 November 2017

ISITT, Benjamin (Ben), "Court-Martial at Vladivostok: Mutiny and Military Justice during the First World War" in Barry Wright, Eric Tucker and Susan Binnie, eds., Canadian State Trials, Volume IV: Security, Dissent, and the Limits of Toleration in War and Peace, 1914-1939,
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, Scholarly Publishing Division, 2015, 544 p., at pp. 172-216, ISBN: 1442631082 and 978-1442631083;

___________"Mutiny from Victoria to Vladivostok, December 1918", (2 June 2006) The Canadian Historical Review 223-264; available at http://www.siberianexpedition.ca/sources/Isitt_Mutiny-from-Victoria-to-Vladivostok_2006.pdf (accessed 22 January 2019);

Image source: http://www.deslauriers-co.ca/avocats.php?lang=en, accessed 31 December 2018
Mauela Islam

ISLAM, Manuela, avocate, Cabinet du Juge-avocat général (JAG) - Forces armées canadiennes; voir ca.linkedin.com/in/manuela-islam-4a61479/fr  (visité le 31 décembre 2018); membre du Barreau du Québec (2004); travaille au Cabinet du Juge-avocat général
6560 rue Hochelaga, Garnison Montréal, Édifice 214, Local 121, Montréal QC H1N 1X9 (renseignements en date du 31 décembre 2018);  she attended, as a regular force legal officer, the 2019 mandatory legal officer qualification course at Canadian Forces Military Law Centre, CFB Kingston, see Access to Information Act, DND Acess to Information and Privacy letter dated 12 June 2019, File A-2019-00289;

___________on ISLAM, Manuela, see Linked in at https://ca.linkedin.com/in/manuela-islam-4a61479 (accessed 19 August 2019);

__________photo of ISLAM, Manuela:

Members of AJAG Eastern participated in a mini-triathlon at Montreal Garrison yesterday.
As their colleagues cheered them on, Maj Ève Rioux and Capt Manuela Islam, here with
PSP instructor Vincenzo Varricchio, rowed, biked, and ran to the finish line!

acccessed 17 February 2020.

Source of image: http://www.turkel-committee.gov.il/files/newDoc3/Annex%20C%20-%20for%20Website.pdf, accessed 22 September 2015

ISRAEL, The Public Commission to Examine the Maritime Incident of 31 May 2010, Second Report -- The Turkel Commission, Israel's Mechanisms for Examining and Investigating Complaints and Claims of Violations of the Laws of Armed Conflict According to International Law, February 2013; available at http://www.turkel-committee.gov.il/files/newDoc3/The%20Turkel%20Report%20for%20website.pdf (accessed on 1 March 2005); deals with Canada; see also MacDOUGALL, M.H. (Holly), "Canada: Investigation and Prosecution of Alledged Violations of the Law of Armed Conflict", in The Public Commission to Examine the Maritime Incident of 31 May 2010, The Turkel Commission, Second Report, Israel's Mechanisms for Examining and Investigating Complaints and Claims of Violations of the Laws of Armed Conflict According to International Law, Annex C -- The Comparative Survey, at pp. 563-640, available at http://www.turkel-committee.gov.il/files/newDoc3/Annex%20C%20-%20for%20Website.pdf (accessed on 1 March 2015);


From the left: Dr. Chris Madsen, Dr. Walter Dorn, Murraw Brewster,
Prof Amir Attaran, Craig Scott
JACK AND MAE NATHANSON CENTRE ON TRANSNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS, CRIME & SECURITY, Osgoode Hall Law School York University Toronto, "Public Forum: "Evidence of Torture in Canada: The New Normal of Official Complicity? Nathanson Centre - Wednesday, 9 January, 2013,  Panel 3 - Evidence of Torture in Canada & Armed Conflicts: Afghan Detainees Case and Other Cases",; NOTE: "Third Panel on torture in the military environment, with special emphasis on case law from the Canadian experience in Afghanistan, Haiti, and Somalia"; available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oSZb0hcqS9A&list=UURHE5TWwkyOy1OOVAYJOWgg&index=1, accessed 7 October 2016);

____________ Special Forum on the Canadian Mission in Afghanistan (February 2010), available at http://nathanson.osgoode.yorku.ca/programs/conferences-workshops/2009-2010/special-forum-on-canadian-mission-afghanistan/ (accessed on 1 Marc h 2012);  notes: includes Commander (retd.)  William Fenrick observations;

Image source: https://library.ryerson.ca/sexdiv/authors/jackson/, accessed 20 August 2016
Paul Jackson

JACKSON, Paul, Courting homosexuals in the military: The management of homosexuality in the Canadian military, 1939–1945, Thesis (Ph. D.)--Queen's University, 2002, 866 p., thesis advisor: Karen Dubinsky;

Description: During the Second World War, contradictory anti-homosexual policies in all three branches of the
Canadian military made homosexual men vulnerable to discipline and punishment. The category of ‘homosexual’
was inflexibly cast as invidious in public discourse. Medical policy required the immediate discharge of homosexuals
as ‘military misfits.’ Under military law, servicemen were court-martialled for homosexual indecency. As the war
progressed, more extensive policing and surveillance techniques meant that queer men were increasingly likely to be
discovered and prosecuted. Since the regulations governing homosexual activity were promulgated poorly and
enforced erratically, many men were unaware of them until they were caught. However, all knew that homosexuality
was a serious offence against morality and masculinity. Meanwhile, queer men were commonly appreciated at a
personal and professional level, where they were not originally judged categorically as ‘homosexual.’ Many servicemen
at all levels of command protected their queer comrades and subordinates from the gaze of hostile military authorities.
The mobilisation for war provided queer men with unprecedented opportunities in Canada and overseas to explore their
sexuality. While they were active in all types of military units, their visibility depended on the opportunities offered by
their units. In all services, officers found guilty by court-martial of homosexuality were discharged while other ranks
were most commonly sentenced to periods of detention. Queer veterans who escaped detection often remember their
service as formative in their social and sexual development. Loyal servicemen who were persecuted or prosecuted for
their sexual difference remain deeply resentful towards the nation that broke faith with them. Using a variety of military
records and interviews with veterans, I explore the place of homosexuality in a variety of military environments and
study relationships between servicemen at various levels of command. I examine in detail the occasions when
homosexuality became a significant issue for men in their personal lives and when it became a problem at the institutional
(source: http://primo-pmtna01.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?ct=Next+Page&pag=nxt&pageNumberComingFrom=2
accessed 18 August 2016)

  ___________One of the Boys: Homosexuality in the Military During World War II, McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, 2004, 338 pages;

Homosexuality and military service have always made strange bedfellows. Military leaders, generally traditionalists, have
typically seen homosexuals as unmanly, immoral, and a threat to cohesion. While the U.S. military has garnered
international headlines as a result of its exclusionary policies, the issue is far from new and struggles with it have not been
limited to the United States. The Canadian military was acutely concerned with homosexuality during the Second World
War. At the outset of the war the mammoth task of mobilizing hundreds of thousands of troops overshadowed concerns
about their sexual behaviour of orientation. As the war progressed, however, senior military brass became increasingly
determined to rid the services of those engaged in "disgraceful conduct of an indecent kind." Using an wide array of
sources - including long-closed court martial records, psychiatric and personnel files, unit war diaries, films, and oral
histories - Paul Jackson relates the struggle of queer servicemen of all ranks and branches of the Canadian military to
fit in and avoid losing their careers and reputations. Open Secrets, a National Film Board of Canada documentary, was
based on this book.
[Source: http://books.google.ca/books?id=VahBObOSUDQC&source=gbs_ViewAPI&redir_esc=y, accessed on 27 April 2014]

----source foe EUROMAIL logo: google image at https://www.google.com (21 january 2016)
JACOB, Emmanuel, President of EUROMIL (European Organization of Military Associations)," 'WINDS OF CHANGE' Inaugural Conference on Canadian Military Justice 13 November 2015 Ottawa Information provided by Emmanuel Jacob, President of EUROMIL" in Michel Drapeau Law Office, ed.,  Winds of Change: Conference and Debate on Canadian Military Law, [Ottawa:] Michel Drapeau Law Office, 2016, 102 p., at pp. 33-34, NOTES: Conference held at the University of Ottawa, 13 November 2015; "For the first time an international academic conference on military law was held in Canada at the University of Ottawa with the focus on reform and comparative law" (Gilles Létourneau, Preface, p. 7);  "(Organizing Committee for the Conference: Michel W. Drapeau, Joshua M. Juneau, Walter Semianiw and Sylvie Corbin)"; Speech transcribed by Joshua M. Juneau, p. 31; available at mdlo.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/2015-Conference-Proceedings.pdf (accessed 20 January 2016);

Jean-Marc Jacob

JACOB, Jean-Marc, 1947-, veterinarian, member of the House of Commons; on the Jacob affair, see:

"Parliament may reprimand Bloc MP: Reform wants referendum policy for Canadian forces - Nankivell", (14 May 1996) 9(57) Financial Post p. 21; re stament by M.P. Jean-Marc Jacob, Bloc Québécois party;
Description: The House affairs committee resumes later this week with questioning of Joseph Maingot, an Ottawa-based
expert on parliamentary procedure. He'll testify on whether [Jean-Marc Jacob]'s contentious communique to Quebec members
of the Canadian Armed Forces was in contempt of Parliament or not. The communique invited them to join the embryo of
a new Quebec defence force "the day after" a Yes vote, although Jacob now says that in the original French this phrasing
didn't necessarily mean immediately. The Reformers have had a difficult, frustrating time trying to establish a clear case
of breach of parliamentary privilege. Last week, Liberal MP Ted McWhinney, appearing as an expert witness on
parliamentary practice, questioned whether the committee should even be dealing with the issue. He argued that since
the matter was originally raised on the basis of a claimed criminal offence, it goes beyond the contemporary powers of
Parliament. "The case has been colored from the beginning by its association with an alleged breach of criminal law. If
it's an alleged sedition, it should go to the courts," he said. But if a conviction followed, he added, then this would be
grounds for parliamentary action such as expulsion.
[source: http://primo-pmtna01.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?ct=Next+Page&pag=nxt&pageNumberComingFrom=
, accessed 12 April 2018;
Source: © ProQuest
 LLC All rights reserved

- statements in the House of commons (favorite word: military), available at https://openparliament.ca/politicians/7817/?page=1 (accessed 22 December 2017);

- wikepedia, at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Marc_Jacob (accessed 22 December 2017);


Jacob faced accusations that he advised Quebec members of the Canadian Forces to join a Quebec army if there was a winning vote for
Quebec sovereignty in the 1995 Quebec referendum. The prevailing Liberal government decided to investigate these remarks, while the
Reform demanded Jacob be charged with sedition.   Reaction to this incident included a 22 March 1996 sketch on the English language
television comedy series Royal Canadian Air Farce where Jacob "learns the meaning of the word sedition". [footnotes omitted]

- hearings, Parliament, 7 May 1996, see http://www.ourcommons.ca/Content/Archives/Committee/352/haff/evidence/12_96-05-07/haff12_blk-e.html (accessed 22 December 2017)

____________"Help, Please - Seditious Act Goes Unpunished", Toronto Star, 18 December 1995; available at https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/nf.general/Vgs04yhwH88 (accessed 5 October 2016);

The Bloc Quebecois, it appears, has got away with it.

Readers will recall that on the eve of the Oct. 30 referendum, the
Bloc sent out a "communiqué" to all Canadian Forces bases in Quebec
urging soldiers to "transfer their loyalty to the new country" if the
Yes side won. They were assured that they could keep their rank,
seniority and pension benefits.

The words were attributed to Bloc MP Jean-Marie Jacob but were printed
on the letterhead of Bloc Leader Lucien Bouchard.

On the surface, the communiqué appeared to be a breach of the Criminal
Code sections on sedition, which makes it an offence to willfully
"interfere with, impair or influence the loyalty or discipline of a
member" for the Canadian Forces.

Defense Minister David Collenette called it "shocking" and asked for a
report from the military's judge advocate-general.

That's the last official word from the government on the matter. Don't
expect any more.

Sources in Ottawa say the government, fearful of turning Bouchard and
Jacob into martyrs, quietly has decided to drop the matter. There will
be no criminal charges laid.

Nor will the government pursue the matter in the House of Commons by
demanding disciplinary action against Bouchard and Jacob if no apology
is forthcoming.  (To date, neither has apologized for the communiqué,
although both have attempted to downplay its significance by citing
translation difficulties.)

A private citizen - Montreal lawyer Brent Tyler - is pursuing the case
on his own and attempting to lay charges against Bouchard and Jacob.
But he keeps running into roadblocks. [more to read in the article]

Christopher Jacobs
Image source: www.usma.edu/law/SiteAssets/SitePages/LTC%20Jacobs%20LAW.jpg?Mobile=1, accessed 1 January 2018

JACOBS, Christopher W., "Taking the next step: an analysis of the effects the Ottawa convention may Have on the interoperability of United States forces with the armed forces of Australia, Great Britain, and Canada",  (Summer 2004) Military Law Review, Issue 180, p.49-114; available at https://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/Military_Law_Review/pdf-files/180-summer-2004.pdf(accessed 1 January 2018);

Source of image: http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2015/mdn-dnd/D12-21-1997-1-eng.pdf, accessed 26 December 2015
JACOBSON, Captain(N) D.V., "In Defence of the Canadian Court-martial System", The  Defence Associations National Network --  NATIONAL NETWORK  NEWS,  Volume 4 No. 3 - July, 1997 ("Article reprinted courtesy of the Maritime Engineering Journal", February 1997 at 2-5), available at http://web.archive.org/web/20011208005105/http://www.sfu.ca/~dann/nn4-3_11.htm; also available at http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2015/mdn-dnd/D12-21-1997-1-eng.pdf (accessed 28 December 2015); also available at http://www.cntha.ca/static/documents/mej/mej-40.pdf (accessed 14 September 2018); Note: Captain(N) D.V Jacobson was President of the General court martial of Pte Kyle Brown (Somalia affair); aussi publié en français à http://www.cntha.ca/static/documents/rgm/rgm-40.pdf, site consulté le 7 juillet 2020;

I do have one caveat, however.  As the Supreme Court observed, the overriding need for a military justice system is not just to resolve issues affecting
military discipline fairly, but quickly as well.  It is
in this area of rapidity and not in any ill-informed or ill-prepared outside criticism that I see the greatest risk
to the continuing separate existence of our military justice system. While recognizing that a compromise is needed between swiftness and resources
dictated by the complexity of the case, I fear that the balance has leaned too far toward economy of resources and away from swiftness of application.
If by our corporate action our military demonstrates that time has ceased to be a factor, then a large part of the rationale for a separate military justice
system will cease to exist

JAG Alumni:

            Painting by Kim Hayman donated by the Alumni on 5                  From the left, Commodore Geneviève Bernatchez, Judge Advocate General,
            December 2018                                                                                Kim Hayman, the artist and Kenneth Watkin, a former JAG
            Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel           Source: emails from Peter Tinsley and Benoit Pinsonneault, 8 & 11 December 2018     
            of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

JAGNET (the internal JAG bulletin board);

JALONEN, B.E. (Brian), Captain, member of the OJAG, co-counsel for the Director of Military Prosecutions in Williams M.B. (Sergeant), R. v., 2017 CM 4018 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/hqf4n> (accessed 8 May 2018);

___________photo of Major Jalonen, Brian with others:

" 2 hours ago [21 November 2018]
Maj Brian Jalonen, Maj Desmond Burton-Williams, Lt(N) Ruth Shojaei and Lt(N) Naomi
Watson, from our Admin Law Division recently took part in the Administrative Law,
Labour and Employment Law Conference, a great learning opportunity in these challenging fields of law.",
accessed 21 November 2018.

Brian Jalonen

___________ photo of Brian Jalonen at https://www.linkedin.com/in/brianjalonen/ (accessed 8 April 2023);

JAMES, Patrick, 1957-, Canada and Conflict, Don Mills, Ont.: Oxford University Press, c2012, 156 p. ; 23 cm. SERIES: Issues in Canada, ISBN: 9780195432206; available in part at http://www.amazon.com/Canada-Conflict-Issues-Patrick-James/dp/0195432207%3FSubscriptionId%3DAKIAIRZN624HBT3HDR5Q%26tag%3Dusafind-20%26linkCode%3Dxm2%26camp%3D2025%26creative%3D165953%26creativeASIN%3D0195432207#reader_0195432207 (accessed 18 January 2016);

Barbara Janusz, image source: http://www.johnprince.ca/wpblog/alternatives-journal-barbara-janusz-2014-06-17/, accessed 26 December 2014

JANUSZ, Barbara D.,  "War and Emergency" in Canadian Encyclopedic Digest, (Ontario, 3d), volume 52, title 158, Scarborough: Carswell; copy at the Fauteux Library, University of Ottawa;

___________"War and Emergency" in Canadian Encyclopedic Digest, (West, 3d), volume 55, title 161, Scarborough: Carswell; copy at the Fauteux Library, University of Ottawa;

Image source: linkedin.com, accessed 4 February 2018
Colonel Jay Janzen

JANZEN, Jay, Colonel, "An inside look into Canada’s military justice system", The Maple Leaf, 21 March 2017, available at https://ml-fd.caf-fac.ca/en/2017/03/3670 (accessed 4 February 2018); aussi publié en français: "Regard sur le système de justice militaire du Canada", Feuille d'érable, 32 mars 2018, disponible à https://ml-fd.caf-fac.ca/fr/2017/03/3670  (consulté le 4 février 2018); Note: "Jay Janzen is director of public affairs operations at the Department of National Defence; Reprinted courtesy of The Hill Times"; also published in The Hill Times,
Feb 13, 2017, Issue 1408, p.30;

... I recently had the opportunity to serve for the first time in my 27-year military career as the senior panel member (juror) for a court martial.
I was highly impressed with what I saw and experienced and want to share my observations to better inform debate on the need for a unique
military justice system.
I personally found deliberating a difficult and complex process. There were many multifaceted factors to be considered, including the evidence
given in dozens of documents entered as exhibits, and the testimony of multiple witnesses during the trial. Three of the panel members were
commissioned officers, and two were senior non-commissioned members.

Nishika Jardine, image source Google Image - everitas.mcclub.ca, accessed on 9 June 2014

JARDINE, Nishika, LCol, Canadian Forces and the rule of Law: failures of the arrangement for the transfer of detainees in Afganistan, JCSP: Master of Defence Studies, Canadian Forces College, 2007, 89 p.; available at http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/259/290/293/286/jardine.pdf (accessed on 18 December 2011);

Image source: http://cmfmag.ca/best_cmf/its-never-too-late/ (accessed 20 August 2016)
Blair Hicks

JARRATT, Lee, "It's Never Too Late: There comes a time, for those of us in the Canadian Armed Forces, when our career path stalls or loses its appeal", (Summer 2015) Canadain Military Family 44-45; about Blair Hicks, admitted as a member of the Law Society of Upper Canada (Ontario Bar) in 2014; available at http://cmfmag.ca/best_cmf/its-never-too-late/ (accessed 20 August 2016);

For Blair Hicks, who was an Air Combat System Operator, that time came in 2010.  After serving 20 years in the Air Force, she decided it was time
for a change.  In 2009, she applied for the Canadian Forces subsidized legal officer training (MLTP -- Military Legal Training Plan).  This program had
candidates apply concurrently to several Canadian law schools.  Hicks made the shortlist, unfortunately due to the limited military positions she was not
accepted.  However, Hicks did gain acceptance into law school at the Western University of London, Ontario where she started her path to becoming a
lawyer in 2010, something she had wanted to do for awhile.(p. 44)

Jean-Baptiste Jeangène Vilmer, source de la photo: http://dandurand.uqam.ca/chercheurs/64
                                                     -chercheurs/1066-jean-baptiste-jeangene-vilmer.html, site visité le 27 décembre 2014

JEANGÈNE VILMER, Jean-Baptiste, 1978-, Au nom de l'humanité: histoire, droit, éthique et politique de l'intervention militaire justifiée par des raisons humanitaires, thèse Ph.D., Université de Montréal, 2009;

Source: http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/content/bl/add_ms_49055.jpg, accessed 3 March 2016
JELLICO of SCAPA, Viscount, Report of the Admiral of the Fleet Viscount Jellicoe of Scapa on Naval Mission to the Dominion of Canada (November-December, 1919), see "Discipline", at volume 1, Chapter 4 at p. 35;

JELOWICKI, Nadine, avocate, membre du Barreau du Québec, depuis 2002, travaille au Comité externe d'examen des griefs militaires; tél. 613-995-8007; nadine.jelowicki@mgerc-ceegm.gc.ca (information en date du 18 novembre 2020);

Photo of Paul Jenkins, reproduced from http://everitas.rmcclub.ca/?p=96168  (accessed on 31 March 2014)

JENKINS, P.H. (Paul), "Policing the Canadian Forces in the 21st century", Toronto, Ont.: Canadian Forces Command and Staff College, 32 leaves;  Notes:  Course 17, 1990/91;  title noted in my research but article not consulted yet (1 January 2012); I worked with Paul when he was a young captain with the military police in Halifax, circa 1975-1977;

"Jet Crash Compensation Study Begins.  Defence Dep't Uses Moose Jaw Smash As Yardstick", Calgary Herald, Friday, 18 May 1956 at p. 1; available at https://www.newspapers.com...., accessed 27 May 2020;





REO: O-31526 - Training Support Coordinator

Status Closed

Competition Closing Date: 30-JUN-2017


Subj: Class B Permanent Res Svc opportunity - MILPERSGEN HQ - PO BOX 17000 STN FORCES, KINGSTON, ON, K7K 7B4, CA (Actual Employment Location: CFMLC Kingston)

A. CF Mil Pers Instr 20/04 - Administrative Policy of Class A, Class B and Class C Reserve Instruction B. DAOD 5023-2 - Physical Fitness Program C. MHRRP - Military Human Resources Records Procedures - Topic Cl A, B,C Res Service D. CFIRP - Canadian Forces Integrated Relocation Program E. CFTDTI - Canadian Forces Temporary Duty Travel Instructions

  1. MILPERSGEN HQ has a Class B Permanent for a MWO/MWO MOS ID/Occupation 90000-ATR to commence on 01-SEP-2017 until 31-AUG-2020. Only personnel from the following Component/Sub-Component may apply for this position: Primary Reserve Force, Supplementary Reserve Force, Regular Force.
  2. Essential requirements are as fols:
    1. Rank: MWO/MWO
      Mbrs eligible for promotion to MWO/CPO 2 and CWO/CPO 1 who are willing to relinquish their rank can apply, but will only be considered if no qualified MWO/CPO 2 is available. WO/PO 1 may be considered only if candidates at the rank of MWO/CPO 2 or WO/PO 1 qualified for promotion are not available.
    2. MOS ID: 90000-ATR
    3. Language: English or French
    4. Security clearance: Secret
    5. Health: BE MED/DENT FIT
    6. Physical fitness: MUST BE PHYSICALLY FIT
    7. Required experience and quals:
      • Course Remarks:
        • A. Strong verbal and communications skills B. Experience with MS Office Suite C. Work Experience in a training establishment is an asset D. Knowledge of Peoplesoft and MITE is an asset
    8. Position requirements for regular force annuitants permit IAW CMP instruction 20/04: Yes - Option 2 (http://cmp-cpm.mil.ca/en/policies/cf-mil-pers-instr.page (# 20/04))
  3. Secondary requirements of position, as applic: N/A
  4. Basic description of duties: 1. Supports the administration, supply and logistical requirements of CFMLC activities and courses delivered in garrison and in the field, including the LOQC, POCT/PORT and ILOAC 2. Prepares and updates orders and directives applicable to CFMLC activities and administers military staffing processes, including the drafting of military messages/correspondence and contracts 3. Liaises and coordinates with CAF units and outside agencies on logistical matters related to CFMLC programs and activities 4. Maintains training statistics on CFMLC courses 5. Supervises CFMLC junior staff 6. Coordinates the CFMLC staff training and other PD activities 7. Responsible for the handling of CFMLC documentation, including the storing, archiving and disposal of corporate and transitory records 8. Responsible for the administration of CFMLC physical assets and infrastructure, including security requirements, building maintenance and other functions associated with the responsibilities of a fire warden and a personnel security officer 9. Fulfills other responsibilities and tasks as directed by the member's supervisor
  5. Rations, quarters, accomodations, and/or move
    1. Rations and quarters are available?: NO
    2. Member must live in service accomodation?: NO
    3. Member must live on the economy.
    4. Move of DHG and E will be considered? NO
    5. Other pertinent details: If move of DHG and E is not considered for this employment opportunity, this means that the member is responsible to bear all costs associated with moving DHG and E to their new place of duty when the member is not from the local area. No travel, rations or accommodation expenses related to the move will be reimbursed.
  6. Members of the Supp Res if eligible who wish to apply for this position may do so through SUPP RES STAFF at toll free number: 1-866-558-3566, Fax number: 1-613-992-1324, Email: DND.SuppRes-ResSupp.MDN@forces.gc.ca. Members of the P Res and Reg F if eligible who wish to apply for this position may do so through their home unit's Orderly Room. If eligible, members of the NAVRES/RCN PRL, who wish to apply for this position, may do so by submitting an e-mail through their chain of command before going to the appropriate career manager for action. If selected, members of the NAVRES/RCN PRL must receive an authorisation from NAVRESHQ prior to start employment; this will ensure careful review of position requirements and time to complete appropriate administrative action. If selected for an employment within RCN, members of all Commands must receive an authorisation from NAVRESHQ prior to start employment. All nominations must be submitted through the Monitor Mass Reserve Employment Opportunity (REO). NOMINATIONS NOT PROCESSED THROUGH REO WILL NOT BE CONSIDERED. Nominations must include the following: 
    1. Contact information.
    2. Confirmation of whether or not member is in receipt of a pension under the CFSA attributable to REG F SVC.
    3. Any other pertinent info that should be considered by the employer (personal limitations affecting service performance, etc), including comments regarding any requirements for the position that may not be up to date in HRMS (such as language profile, physical fitness or medical) since initial screening for the POSN will be based on HRMS data. Sources documents will be required.
    4. CL C RES SVC IPC/IC calculation report results from HRMS (for CL C RES SVC opportunities only).
  7. OPI:
    • Name: LCol Maynard , Kimberley
    • Phone: 271-6150
    • Email: kimberley.maynard@forces.gc.ca
  8. Interviews: Only applicants considered suitable for the position will be contacted for interviews.
  9. Remarks: [source: http://armyapp.forces.gc.ca/reo-oer/en/details.aspx?positionnumber=O-31526&pedisable=true, accessed 25 July 2017]


OER: O-31526 - Coordinateur de soutien de l'entrainement

ÉTAT: Fermé

Date de fin du concours: 30-juin-2017


OBJET: Classe B permanent RES SVC OPPORTUNITY - GÉNPERSMIL - PO BOX 17000 STN FORCES, KINGSTON, ON, K7K 7B4, CA (Endroit réel de l'emploi: CFMLC Kingston)

A. Instructions Personnel Militaire de FC 20/04 Politique Administrative pour le service de Réserve de classe A, de classe B, et de classe C B. DOAD 5023-2 - Programme de conditionnement physique C. A-PM-245-001/F-001 D. PRFIC - Programme de réinstallation intégrée des Forces canadiennes E. IFCUST - Instruction des Forces canadiennes sur les voyages en service temporaire

  1. GÉNPERSMIL A UNE OCCASION DE SVC DE RES Classe B permanent POUR UN adjum/adjum SGPMS ID/OCCUPATION 90000-TCE POUR COMMENCER 01-sept-2017 JUSQU'EN 31-août-2020. Seuls les employés de cette composante/sous-composante peut postuler pour ce poste: Force de la première réserve, Force de la réserve supplémentaire, Force régulière."
    1. GRADE: adjum/adjum
      Les militaires admissibles à une promotion au grade adjm/pm 2 et les adjc/pm 1 qui sont disposés à accepter une diminution de grade peuvent postuler, mains on ne les retiendra que si aucun adjm/pm 2 qualifiés n'est disponible. Les adj/m 1 seront considérés seulement si aucun des candidats appropriés au grade d'adjm/pm 2 ou d'adj/m 1 qualifié pour promotion n'est disponible.
    2. ID SGPM: 90000-TCE
    3. LANGUE: L'anglais ou le français
    4. COTE DE SECUR: Secret
      • Commentaires sur le cours:
        • A. Doit être capable de communiquer efficacement oralement et par écrit B. Doit avoir de l'expérience avec le logiciel Microsoft Office Suite C. Doit avoir de l'expérience dans un environnement d'entraînement est un atout D. Connaissance du logiciel Peoplesoft et de ITEM (MITE) est un atout
    8. Les exigences du poste pour les pensionnés de la force régulière permettent conformément à l’instruction de CPM 20/04: Oui - l'option 2 (http://cmp-cpm.mil.ca/fr/politiques/instr-pers-mil.page (# 20/04))
  4. COURTE DESCRIPTION DES TACHES: 1. Apporte un soutien à la gestion administrative, à l'approvisionnement et aux besoins logistiques des activités et de la formation livrées par le CDMFC en garnison et dans le champ, incluant le CQAM, le FAOP/RAOP et le DCAI 2. Rédige et met à jour les ordres et directives applicables aux activités du CDMFC et gère les communications militaires, incluant la rédaction d'ébauches de messages militaires et d'autres correspondances et de contrats 3. Assure une liaison et coordination avec les unités des FAC et autres agences externes quant aux besoins logistiques liés à la livraison de la formation offerte par le CDMFC et de ses autres activités 4. Gère la collecte de statistiques liées à la formation offerte par le CDMFC 5. Supervise le personnel subalterne du CDMFC 6. Coordonne la formation et autres activités de développement professionnel du personnel du CDMFC 7. Responsable de la gestion de la documentation du CDMFC, incluant de l'entreposage, de l'archivage et du transfert des dossiers corporatifs et transitoires 8. Responsable de la gestion des biens meubles et immeubles du CDMFC, incluant des questions de sécurité, de l'entretien des biens immeubles et de tâches liées aux responsabilités de l'officier responsable de la prévention des incendies et de sécurité de l'unité 9. S'acquitte d'autres responsabilités et tâches telles qu'assignées par son superviseur
    3. Le militaire doit habiter un logement non subventionné.
    5. AUTRE DETAIL PERTINENT: Si un déménagement des PAM & EP n'est pas considéré pour cette opportunité d'emploi, ceci implique que le militaire sera responsable d'assumer tous les coûts associés au déménagement des PAM & EP à leur nouveau lieu de travail lorsque ce dernier n'est pas de la région locale. Aucune dépense de déplacement, repas ou d'hébergement reliée au déménagement sera remboursée.
  6. Les membres de la réserve supplémentaire si admissibles qui désirent appliquer pour cette position peuvent le faire par l'entremise du Personnel de la réserve supplémentaire en utilisant le numéro de téléphone sans frais: 1-866-558-3566, ou par fax au 1-613-992-1324, ou par courriel: DND.SuppRes-ResSupp.MDN@forces.gc.ca. Les membres de la Rés P et de la F Rég si admissibles qui désirent appliquer pour cette position peuvent le faire par l'entremise de leur salle de rapport d'unité d'appartenance. Si admissibles, les membres de la RESNAV/CPR MRC, qui désirent appliquer pour cette position peuvent le faire en soumettant un courriel à leur chaîne de commandement avant d'être envoyées au gérant de carrière approprié pour action. Si sélectionnés, les membres de la RESNAV/CPR MRC, doivent obtenir une autorisation du QG RESNAV avant de débuter l'emploi; ceci permettra une révision attentive des besoins de la position et le temps pour compléter les procédures administratives. Si sélectionné pour un emploi avec la MRC, les membres de tous les commandements doivent obtenir une autorisation du QG RESNAV avant de débuter l'emploi. Toutes les nominations doivent être soumises par l'entremise de Monitor Mass Opportunité d'emploi de la Réserve (OER). LES NOMINATIONS QUI NE SONT PAS SOUMISES VIA OER NE SERONT PAS CONSIDÉRÉES. Les nominations doivent inclure ce qui suit:
    1. Coordonnées de l'appliquant.
    2. Confirmation si le membre reçoit une pension sous LPRFC suite à du service dans la force régulière.
    3. Toutes autres information pertinentes qui devraient être prise en considération par l'employeur (limitations personnelles affectant le service, etc.), y compris des informations qui ne sont plus à jour dans SGRH (tel que le profile linguistique, les résultats de test de condition physique ou médicale) car le SGRH sera utilise lors de l'évaluation initiale des prérequis pour le poste. Les documents sources seront requis.
    4. Le résultat des calculs de CPR/CI de SGRH (pour les opportunités de service de réserve CL C seulement).
  7. BPR:
    • Nom: lcol Maynard , Kimberley
    • Téléphone: 271-6150
    • Courriel: kimberley.maynard@forces.gc.ca
  8. Entrevues: Seulement les applicants considéré souhaitable pour la position vont être contactés pour les entrevues. [source: http://armyapp.forces.gc.ca/reo-oer/fr/renseignements.aspx?positionnumber=O-31526&pedisable=true, visité le 25 juillet 2017]

Dean Jobb
JOBB, Dean, "Crown asset: Jerry Pitzul has put Nova Scotia's Public Prosecution Service on a sound business footing, but some high-profile cases are mired in controversy and there's grumbling in the ranks over low salaries and the director's aloof management style", Canadian Lawyer, Jan 1998, Vol.22(1), pp.18-21; title noted in my research but article not consulted yet (8 July 2016);

Source of image: http://www.mqup.ca/canada-in-norad--1957-2007-products-9781553391357.php#!prettyPhoto/0/, accessed 22 September 2015
JOCKEL, Joseph T., Canada in NORAD, 1957-2007: A History, Montreal and Kingston: McGill- Queen’s University Press, 2007, 240 p. (series; Queen's Policy Studies Series; 115); see Table of Contents at http://www.mqup.ca/canada-in-norad--1957-2007-products-9781553391357.php (accessed 5 June 2015);

JODOIN, Major R., "The Code of Service Discipline after the Constitution", Toronto, Canadian Forces College, 1983, 1 microfiche (series; Exercise New Horizons); cited in Martin Friedland's study for the Commission of Inquiry, Controlling Misconduct in the Military: a Study prepared for the Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of Canadian Forces to Somalia, supra, at p. 171, footnote 225;

David Johansen
image source: ottawacitizen.remembering.ca/obituary/david-johansen-1066186870, accessed 11 December 2019

JOHANSEN,  David, "Armed forces on active service : sections 31 and 32 of the National Defence Act",  [Ottawa] : Research Branch, Library of Parliament, 1990,  4 p., (series;  Mini-review; MR-71E);
JOHANSEN, David, "La mise en service actif des Forces armées : articles 31 et  32 de la Loi sur la défense nationale",  [Ottawa] : Service de recherche, Bibliothèque du Parlement, 1990,  5 p. (series;  Mini-bulletin ; MR-71F);

JOHNSON, Lt(N) Alexandra, "JAG CLE Workshop", (2003) 1 JAG Newsletter -- Les actualités 77-78;
JOHNSON, ltv Alexandra, "Atelier de travail de la FJP du JAG", (2003) 1 JAG Newsletter -- Les actualités 78-79;

JOHNSON, C.H. (Clarence Howard), LL.B. degree, lawyer and legal officer with the JAG (Army General List Officer), circa 1948-1952; got this information from the Canadian Army List of that period;

___________on JOHNSON, C.H. (Clarence Howard), Captain appointed to JAG "department" in military district 10 as "Permanent Prosecutor", see "Four Officers Get Law Posts", The Winnipeg Tribune, Monday, 10 January 1944 at p. 11, available at https://www.newspapers.com/image/...., accessed 21 May 2020;

___________on JOHNSON, C.H. (Clarence Howard), Major, note that he was "designated to act as Courts for the purposes of the Canadian Citizenship Act", see Register of Official Appointments at p. 1257, available at https://www66.statcan.gc.ca/eng/1957-58/195712941257_p.%201257.pdf (accessed 17 March 2019);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

___________on JOHNSON, C.H., Major see photo in The Ottawa Journal, 25 January 1960 at p. 14, available at https://www.newspapers.com, accessed 16 May 2020;

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

Laurel Johnson

JOHNSON, Laurel, notes on:

Laurel Johnson is employed with the Department of Justice Canada, and for the past five years has been Director and Senior Counsel,
Public and Labour Law, Office of the Legal Advisor for the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces. She previously
worked as Counsel and Special Assistant in that office, and worked at Treasury Board Secretariat Legal Services and at the Canada
Industrial Relations Board, both as Counsel. Prior to joining the federal government, she practiced labour and employment law in
private practice in Ottawa, Toronto and London, Ontario.

Laurel is an avid athlete and certified yoga instructor, with a particular fondness for cross country skiing, yoga, swimming and trail
and road biking and running. Her boys are 20 and 17, leading their own active lives, with opportunities for family connection at their
cottage in the Ottawa Valley. (available at: http://shepherdsofgoodhope.com/about-us/board-of-directors/  accessed 11 April 2017);

JOHNSTON, David, Son excellence le très honorable, Gouverneur général du Canada, "100e anniversaire de la nomination du premier juge-avocat général canadien", Ottawa, 6 octobre 2011; disponible à http://www.gg.ca/document.aspx?id=14260&lan=fra  (vérifié le 23 décembre 2016);

JOHNSTON, George A., "Canada's War and Emergency Legislation", (1942) 35(6) Law Library Journal 467-476;

Discusses the statutes, regulations, and orders passed as of May 1942. Includes
an appendix listing these documents, along with a short list of pertinent books
and journal articles
[Source: Joel Fishaman et al., "Bibliography of Legal History Articles Appearing
in Law Library Journal, Volumes 1–94 (1908–2002)", (2003-13) 95(2) Law Library
Journal 217-278 at p. 270; available at citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=
, accessed 15 March 2018]


JOHNSTON, Anthony M. (Tony), Lieutenant-Colonel, legal officer in Lahr, 1993, see McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at p. 152, available at  103-242;

__________Note on Johnston, Anthony M. (Tony): was a captain with the OJAG in 1980 (source: Canadian Forces Officer's List (Regular), A-AD-224-001/CFP/PFC 224), 31 December 1980, obtained from DND, Access to Information and Privacy, file A-2019-00318, 13 February 2020);

___________on Johnston, Tony, see "From D1 Special Report.  Our Aging Workforce:  Seniors calling their own shots", Times Columnist, Victoria, 14 March 2007, at p. 42, available at https://www.newspapers.com/image/...., accessed 11 July 2020;

___________on Johnston, Tony, see his photo with other OJAG members at https://www.flickr.com/photos/xjag/9677364654/in/album-72157623951146254/ and https://www.flickr.com/photos/xjag/9674134835/in/album-72157623951146254/  (accessed 23 September 2020);

___________received the US Meritorious Medal in 2000, see "Meritorious Medal" in (July-August 2000) 3 JAG Newsletter--Bulletin d'actualités at pp. 9-10;

Image source: https://www.grad.ubc.ca/campus-community/meet-our-students/jones-craig, accessed 8 March 2018
Craig Jones

JONES, Craig A., "Focused Prevention Podcast: Part II, 23 February 2018; available at  https://www.thewarspace.com/ (accessed 9 December 2020);

Second, as I've already intimated, it helped to know the field, the jargon and the acronyms. There
is no better way to show you are an outsider than by showing an interviewee that you have not done
your homework or have not bothered to learn the language. In order to prepare for my interviews
I took courses on International Humanitarian Law (IHL)/the laws of war and International Human
Rights Law (IHRL) at the University of British Columbia, read most of the legal and academic
literature around targeting, and kept up to date with targeting doctrine and recent targeting decisions.
I would also do background searches on each interviewee before interviewing them to ensure I
knew something about their particular career, experience and trajectory. All this, I suspect, is
fairly standard research practice but it really did help to win the trust of those whom I interviewed,
and several military lawyers commended me for having learnt so much about their area of expertise.
Inevitably, however, and much like the military lawyers who I interviewed, I learned a lot “on the job,”
sometimes asking for clarification – “what's a TIC?” [troops in contact] – while other times choosing
to hide my ignorance, or at least trying to. In an interview with the former Military Advocate General
Avichai Mandelblit (the top post in the Israel military legal system), I referred in passing to “IHL”
– International Humanitarian Law. What I didn’t realize at the time was that using this term is an
absolute faux pas for many military lawyers who instead tend refer to “The Laws of Armed Conflict”
or “LOAC.” IHL and LOAC refer to the same body of law but these two names represent two very
different schools of thought; those in what Eyal Benvenisti has called the “IHL camp” emphasise the
humanitarian and restrictive aspects of the law, whereas those in the “LOAC camp” emphasise the
military and permissive aspects of the law. This single acronym put me at firm political odds with
my interviewee as far as he was concerned: he sees humanitarians as a threat to and an enemy of the
Israeli military (see the dialogue box below with the relevant extract). That interview didn’t go
particularly well – he shut down after I dropped the “IHL bomb" – but the example shows how vital
it is not only to ‘learn the language’ but also how political and  divisive the language of law can be.

Mandelblit: [The IDF legal school] teach law to the wider military, especially LOAC or IHL,
 I don’t know how you call it: which do you prefer?

Me: It depends who I am talking to.

Mandelblit: You call it IHL, right?

Me: I don’t, I call it both

Mandelblit: Very interesting, LOAC is the language of American practitioners and Israeli practitioners;
in other places, even in the university in Israel and the US will call it IHL. And militaries in Europe will
call it IHL, even the UK Army call it IHL. But  Canada… Ken Watkin [the former Judge Advocate General]
called it IHL but Blaise Cathcart who replaced him calls it LOAC. And its not only methodology because
you send a message. Its the same rules, I know - the same - but you send a message: do you focus on
protecting the civilians or do you focus on achieving the military goals. You send a message to the soldiers
so I don’t know... you can call it whatever you want.

Me: Well, the problem of calling it International Humanitarian Law is that it doesn’t seem very
humanitarian often.

____________"Frames of law: targeting advice and operational law in the Israeli military", (2015) 33(4) Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 676-696; available at file:///C:/Users/Owner/AppData/Local/Temp/JONES-FramesofLaw.pdf (accessed 9 December 2020);

In this paper I draw on interviews conducted with former Israeli military lawyers about their role
in lethal targeting operations. I argue that military lawyers and the practice of operational law
help to legitimize and extend violence in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. To make the
case I focus on Israel's ‘targeted killing policy’ (2000–present) and on the involvement of
military lawyers in the planning and execution stages of targeting operations. I offer two
contributions to the literature on war and law; first, I extend Derek Gregory's analysis of the
‘kill chain’ by arguing that targeting is increasingly made possible by a ‘technolegal’ process.
Second, I add nuance to Eyal Weizman's account of how law extends violence in what he
calls the ‘humanitarian present’. I argue that we must attend not only to international
humanitarian law and different scales of law but to the simultaneously plural and overlapping
legal regimes that govern late modern war. I conclude with a reflection on Judith Butler's
Frames of War to think through the ways in which ‘frames of law’ have come to structure
our apprehension of targeting and war today.

____________ "Lawfare and the juridification of late modern war", (2016) 40(2) Progress in Human Geography 221-239; available at https://static1.squarespace.com/static/594513bf197aeadbcb2e057b/t/5a707bcfc83025e2657dbcea/1517321169285/Jones+-+Lawfare+.pdf (accessed 8 March 2018); for other publications by Mr. Jones, see https://www.thewarspace.com/downloads/;

Processes of juridification are a defining feature of late modern war. But geographic accounts of war have
generally not considered the role that law plays in shaping its conduct. This paper explores the juridification
of war using the concept of lawfare. Lawfare may signal an intensification and shift in the relationship between
war and law, but I argue that understanding the nature and extent of these changes requires a careful
examination of the historical geographies of war, law and lawfare. Drawing from critical legal approaches
I offer a preliminary geographical and historical theorization of lawfare so that we may better understand the
relationship between war and law today.

____________on Craig Jones, see his Twitter account athttps://twitter.com/thewarspace/  and he blogs at at https://www.thewarspace.com/ (accessed 9 December 2020);

___________The War Lawyers: The United States, Israel, and Juridical Warfare, Oxford University Press, 2020, 384 p., ISBN : 9780198842927, 0198842929; eText ISBN: 9780192580757, 0192580752; part of the book is available at https://books.google.ca/books?id=UeMJEAAAQBAJ&pg=PR9&source=gbs_selected_pages&cad=2#v=onepage&q&f=false (accessed 9 December 2020);


Highly original analysis of the role of war lawyers in targeting decisions, focusing
on both U.S. and Israeli targeting practices and their legal protocols

Demonstrates how war lawyers can produce and extend military violence, as well
as constrain it

Draws on interviews with senior war lawyers and military operators from the Israeli
Air Force (IAF) and the United States Air Force (USAF), as well as previously
unanalysed military doctrine and briefing papers, and recently declassified military


Over the last 20 years the world's most advanced militaries have invited a small
number of military legal professionals into the heart of their targeting operations,
spaces which had previously been exclusively for generals and commanders.
These professionals, trained and hired to give legal advice on an array of military
operations, have become known as war lawyers.

The War Lawyers examines the laws of war as applied by military lawyers to aerial
targeting operations carried out by the US military in Iraq and Afghanistan, and the
Israel military in Gaza. Drawing on interviews with military lawyers and others,
this book explains why some lawyers became integrated in the chain of command
whereby military targets are identified and attacked, whether by manned aircraft,
drones, and/or ground forces, and with what results.

This book shows just how important law and military lawyers have become in the
conduct of contemporary warfare, and how it is understood. Jones argues that
circulations of law and policy between the US and Israel have bolstered targeting
practices considered legally questionable, contending that the involvement of war
lawyers in targeting operations enables, legitimises, and sometimes even extends
military violence.

Table of Contents

Introduction: The War Lawyers
1. Targeting without Lawyers: The Vietnam War
2. The Birth of "Operational Law"
3. "'The Lawyers' War"
4. Targeting in the Israeli Military
5. The Kill Chain (I): Deliberate Targeting
6. The Kill Chain (II): Dynamic Targeting
Conclusion: Juridical Warfare: Limits and Possibilities

[source of text : global.oup.com/academic/product/the-war-lawyers-9780198842927?cc=ca&lang=en&, accessed 9 December 2020]

JONES, Douglas, 1846-, compiled by, Notes on military law for the use of the cadets of the Royal Military College of Canada, Ottawa: Maclean, Roger, 1880, 80 p.; also available: CIHM/ICMH Microfiche series = CIHM/ICMH collection de microfiches ; no. 13594, ISBN:  0665135947; copy available at http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_06713  and http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_13594 (accessed on 21 December 2011)

 "Table of Contents [partial]:
Chapter 1: Introductory...5;
Chapter 2: Martial Law... 6-9;
Chapter 3: Historical Summary of Military Law... 10-19;
Chapter 4: Courts Martial... 20-26;
Chapter 5: Preliminaries to Trial...27-43;
Chapter 6: Crimes and Punishments...44-53;
Chapter 7: Courts of Inquiry...54-55;
Chapter 8: Eviden...56-66; Appendix: Form of Proceedings of a General C.M. (including some of the more unusual incidents which may occur to vary the ordinary course of procedure, with instructions for guidance of the court)...67-75; Administration of Oaths...76-78"

____________Notes on military law for the use of the cadets of the Royal Military College of Canada, London: Chapman & Hall,  1881, vii, 169 p.; available at books.google.ca/books?id=JrsDAAAAQAAJ&pg=PP7&dq=Canada+%22military+law%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiqq6mqkd_YAhUDXKwKHRRsAF04RhDoAQhAMAU#v=onepage&q=Canada%20%22military%20law%22&f=false (accessed 17 January 2018);

___________Textbook of Military Law For the Use of the Gentlemen Cadets of the Royal Military College of Canada, [2nd ed.,], Kingston (Ontario]: Daily News Stream Print House, 1882, 266 p.; also published by CIHM/ICMH Microfiche Series number 10644, ISBN: 06665106440; available at  (accessed on 27 December 2014); available at  https://archive.org/details/cihm_10644  (accessed on 27 December 2014); also available at https://archive.org/stream/cihm_10644#page/n5/mode/2up (accessed 26 December 2015);

Chapter I. Civil Law, Military Law, and Martial Law, contrasted... 1;
Chapter II. Historical Summary of Military Law...5;
Chapter III. The 'Army Act 1881'...16;
Chapter IV. Discipline...27;
Chapter V. Courts Martial...50;
Chapter VI.  Proceedings before trial...65;
Chapter VII. Duties, Responsibilities etc. of Persons Officiating at Courts Martial...82;
Chapter VIII.  Procedure at Trial...104;
Chapter IX. Field General, and Summary Courts Martial...141;
Chapter X. Crimes and Punishments...149;
Chapter XI. Fotrfeitures, Stoppages, and Fines...178;
Chapter XII. Various Regulations, Penalties etc....183;
Chapter XIII. Courts of Inquiry, Committees and Boards...188;
Chapter XIV. Martial Law...194;
Chapter XV. Evidence...206;
Chapter XVI. Military Law as it Concerns the Militia in Canada...246;
Index 252"


___________on JONES, Douglas, see MADSEN, C.M.V. (Chris Mark Vedel), 1968-,  Another Kind of Justice : Canadian Military Law from Confederation to Somalia, Vancouver : UBC Press, c1999, x, 236 p., at pages 19-20, ISBN: 0774807180 at pages ; available at https://www.ubcpress.ca/asset/12440/1/9780774807180.pdf (accessed 19 April 2019);

JONES, Victor, Lieutenant-Colonel, defending officer in the court martial referred in the following article: "Refuse to Free Accused Officer under Amnesty", Hamilton Spectator, 1946/10/10, available at https://collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5025601 (accessed on 24 September 2018);

Pressing (and holding) the Ctrl key and scrolling the wheel
of the mouse allows to zoom in or out of the web page being viewed

___________on Jones, Victor R., see "Jull to Succeed Jones as Sheriff in Calgary", Calgary Herald, Friday, 27 May 1949, available at https://www.newspapers.com/...., accessed 21 June 2020;


___________on Jones, Victor, see his photo with article, see "Sheriff and Predecessor Long-Standing Friends", Calgary Herald, 30 June 1949 at p. 16; available at https://www.newspapers.com/...., accessed 20 May 2020;

"Comrades in war and friends in peace, Lt. Col. Walter Kingsley
Jull, K.C., M.C., V.D. (left), the newly appointed sheriff and clerk
of courts for the Calgary judicial district, bade farewell to Lt. Col.
Victor R. Jones, K.C., O.B.E. (military) E.D., who resigned today
after serving for 19 years as sheriff and clerk of courts."

Image source: ingeniumcanada.org/channel/articles/helping-win-battle-britain-canraf-bomber-command, accessed 7 February 2018
Mathias Joost
JOOST, Major Mathias, "Regulation? What regulation?  February is Black History month", Royal Canadian Air Force, News article, 2 February 2018, available at http://www.rcaf-arc.forces.gc.ca/en/news-template-standard.page?doc=regulation-what-regulation/jd1uw5k0 (accessed 7 February 2018); aussi disponible ne français: "Le règlement? Quel règlement? Février est le Mois de l’histoire des Noirs", disponible à http://www.rcaf-arc.forces.gc.ca/fr/nouvelles-modele-standard.page?doc=le-reglement-quel-reglement/jd1uw5k0;

Image source: https://ca.linkedin.com/in/rejoseph, accessed 25 May 2018
Rebecca Joseph
JOSEPH, Rebecca, "Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan defends $2M nearly empty military prison", Global News, 23 May 2018; available at https://globalnews.ca/news/4227613/defence-minister-harjit-sajjan-empty-prison/     (accessed 25 May 2018); 

Vihar Joshi, source of photo: http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/about-org-structure/judge-advocate-general-command.page --accessed 21 March 2014

JOSHI, Lcol Vihar, "Implementation of the JAG's Intent -- Guiding Principles for the Office of the Judge Advocate General (16 May 06) /  Mise en application de l'intention du JAG -- Principes pour le cabinet du Juge-avocat général (16 mai 2006)", (2007) 1 JAG Les actualités Newsletter 50-53;

message "Fw: Retirement --  Colonel Vihar Joshi", 22 August 2018, from Bill & Ben (JAG Alumni):

After 28 years of outstanding service to Canada, the CAF and the Office of the Judge Advocate General (JAG), Colonel
Joshi will retire on 15 October 2018.

Colonel Joshi joined the Canadian Forces in 1990 and was promoted to his current rank in September 2009. Early in his career, he served
in Halifax as the Deputy Judge Advocate (Halifax) and at National Defence Headquarters as legal advisor in respect of a number of areas
including human resources, compensation and benefits, pensions, finance and legislative drafting. In the rank of LCol, he served as the
Director of Legislative and Regulatory Services, Director of Law/Human Resources, Director of Pensions and Finance Legal Services, the
Director of Law/Compensation and Benefits, and the Assistant Deputy Judge Advocate General/Operations. He was also the Special
Assistant to the Judge Advocate General. Upon promotion to Col, he assumed the position of the Deputy Judge Advocate General/Military
Justice and Administrative Law. His last posting was as the Deputy Judge Advocate General/Administrative Law, a position he held for 9 years.

Col Joshi has deployed in support of a number of CF operations. In 1996, Maj Joshi deployed to Haiti as the legal advisor to the Commander,
Canadian Contingent, UNSMIH. In 2002, LCol Joshi deployed to SFOR HQ in Bosnia where he served as the Deputy LEGAD to the
Commander SFOR. In 2007, LCol Joshi deployed to Kabul, Afghanistan for a one-year period with the Strategic Advisory Team-Afghanistan
(Op Argus). In that capacity he was an advisor to Afghanistan's Minister of Justice and mentor to the senior staff of the Ministry of Justice. For
his work in Afghanistan, he was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal. In 2013, he was appointed as an Officer of the Order of Military Merit.
In 2014, he was appointed as Queen’s Counsel.

Col Joshi holds a Bachelor of Administration from the University of Ottawa, a LL.B. from Osgoode Hall Law School, and a LL.M. in legislative
drafting from the University of Ottawa. He has completed advanced training in strategic human resource management at Rotmans (University
of Toronto) and holds the designation of Certified In-House Counsel – Canada.

Col Joshi’s contributions to the CAF and the well-being of its members go far beyond his leadership and provision of legal services with the
Office of the JAG. A long time participant in and supporter of CAF sports, he served most recently as champion of the squash program and
as deputy head of delegation at the world CISM games in South Korea in 2015. He also served for six years as the NCR champion for visible

Upon retirement from the CAF, he will assume the function of Director General of Operations and General Counsel to the Military Grievances
External Review Committee. He and his wife Sue, will remain in the Ottawa area while their daughter Danielle will continue her studies in

An informal gathering will take place on 29 August 2018 from 1300 to 1600 at the Ottawa Army Officer’s Mess, 149 Somerset Street West. At
that time, friends and colleagues will have an opportunity to say farewell to an extraordinary member of the CAF.

The official celebration will take place during the Office of the JAG’s Mess Dinner on 14 February 2019 at the Fairmont Chateau Laurier,
1 Rideau Street, Ottawa.

Please send pictures or anecdotes to
Capt Sigouin (marc.sigouin@forces.gc.ca); and
Michelle Fauteaux: (michelle.fauteux@forces.gc.ca).


Après 28 exceptionnelles années au service du Canada, des FAC et du bureau du juge avocat général (JAG), le colonel Joshi prendra sa
retraite le 15 octobre 2018.

Le colonel Joshi est entré au service des Forces canadiennes en 1990 et il a obtenu le grade actuel en septembre 2009. Au début de sa
carrière, le col Joshi a servi comme juge avocat général adjoint (Halifax) et avocat militaire au Quartier général de la Défense nationale
dans de nombreux domaines de droit, dont les ressources humaines, la rémunération et les avantages sociaux, les pensions, les finances
et la rédaction législative. À l’époque où il était lieutenant-colonel, il a été directeur – Services législatifs et réglementaires, directeur
juridique – Ressources humaines, directeur – Services juridiques des pensions et des finances, directeur juridique – Rémunération et
avantages sociaux et assistant du juge avocat général adjoint/Opérations. Il a également été l’adjoint spécial du juge avocat général.
Suite à sa promotion au grade de colonel, le col Joshi a rempli les fonctions de juge avocat général adjoint – Justice militaire et droit
administratif. Il est actuellement juge avocat général adjoint – Droit administratif, une position qu’il a occupé pour 9 ans.

Le col Joshi a été affecté à de multiples opérations des Forces canadiennes. En 1996, major Joshi a été stationné en Haïti à titre de conseiller
juridique du commandant du contingent canadien, MANUH. En 2002, le lieutenant-colonel Joshi a été déployé au quartier général (QG) de
la Force de stabilisation (SFOR) en Bosnie, en qualité de conseiller juridique du commandant de la SFOR. En 2007, le lieutenant-colonel
Joshi a été déployé à Kaboul, en Afghanistan où il a travaillé pendant un an avec l’équipe consultative stratégique – Afghanistan. À ce titre,
il conseillait le ministre de la Justice de l’Afghanistan et offrait du mentorat aux cadres supérieurs du Ministère. Le col Joshi a reçu la Médaille
du service méritoire pour le travail accompli en Afghanistan. En 2013, il a été nommé officier de l'Ordre du Mérite militaire. En 2014, on lui a
conféré le titre de conseil de la Reine.

Le col Joshi est titulaire d’un baccalauréat en administration de l’Université d’Ottawa, d’un baccalauréat en droit de l’école de droit Osgoode
Hall et d’une maîtrise en rédaction législative de l’Université d’Ottawa. Il a terminé une formation avancée en gestion stratégique des ressources
humaines à l’École de gestion Rotman (Université de Toronto) et il détient le titre de juriste d’entreprise agréé – Canada.

La contribution du colonel Joshi aux FAC et au bien-être de ses membres va bien plus loin que son leadership et la provision de conseils
juridiques pour le compte du bureau du JAG. Il est depuis longtemps impliqué dans le programme sportif des FAC comme supporteur. Récemment,
il a servi comme défendeur du programme de squash et comme directeur adjoint de délégation aux jeux mondiaux du CISM en Corée du Sud en
2015. De plus, pendant 6 ans il a occupé la fonction de défendeur des minorités visibles de la RCN.

Suite à sa libération des FAC, il occupera les fonctions de directeur général opérations et de directeur juridique pour le Comité externe d’examen
des griefs militaires. Lui et sa femme Sue demeureront dans la région d’Ottawa et leur fille Danielle continuera ses études à Hamilton.

Une cérémonie informelle aura lieu le 29 août 2018 de 1300 à 1600 au mess des officiers de l’armée d’Ottawa, 149 rue Somerset Ouest. À cette
occasion, amis et collègues auront l’opportunité de souligner la fin du service militaire d’un officier extraordinaire.

La cérémonie officielle aura lieu lors du dîner régimentaire du bureau du JAG le 14 février 2019 au Fairmont Château Laurier, 1 rue Rideau,

SVP faire parvenir photos et anecdotes à :
Capt Sigouin (marc.sigouin@forces.gc.ca); et
Michelle Fauteaux: (michelle.fauteux@forces.gc.ca).

Notes, materials, slides and resources that were used, prepared or relied upon by Col Vihar Joshi for his appearance at the CBA Conference titled "Canada's Military Citizens: The Intersection of Military and Civilian Laws", held 1 Dec 11 at CFB Stadacona, all disclosed, 14 pages, completed Access to Information Requests, April 2012, request number A-2011-01624; see http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/transparency-access-info-privacy/2012-completed-requests.page, accessed 17 February 2015;

Image source: https://www.google.com (accessed 10 May 2018)
___________Notes on Colonel Joshi (source: email from JAG, 12 December 2014):

Yesterday, the Government of Canada recognized seven lawyers in the federal public service as Queen's Counsel (Q.C.).
Formally styled "Her Majesty's Counsel learned in the law," the federal Q.C. honours lawyers who demonstrate exemplary
service to the Canadian justice system.

The individuals receiving this honour are members of the federal public service who have demonstrated leadership in their
professional lives, raised esteem for the legal profession, and made outstanding contributions to the development of the law.

Colonel Vihar Joshi, Deputy Judge Advocate General, Administrative Law, Canadian Armed Forces

Colonel Joshi is Canada's leading authority on military administrative law. Throughout his career, he has been involved in
such key files as the drafting of the Anti-Terrorism Act (2001) and the Canadian Armed Forces' first pension plan for Reserve
Force personnel. He has also made important contributions as a legal adviser on operational matters, including in Haiti, Bosnia
and Afghanistan, for which he received honour and recognition (Meritorious Service Medal in 2010, Officer of the Order of
Military Merit in 2014).

Le gouvernement du Canada reconnaît hier sept avocats de la fonction publique en leur conférant le titre de conseiller de la
reine (c.r.). Auparavant appelé « conseiller de Sa Majesté en loi », le titre fédéral de c.r. rend hommage à des avocats qui
offrent des services exemplaires au système de justice canadien.

Le titre de conseiller de la reine est conféré à des avocats du secteur public fédéral qui font preuve de leadership dans leur
vie professionnelle, rehaussent l'estime dont jouit la profession juridique et contribuent de manière exceptionnelle à l'évolution
du droit.

Colonel Vihar Joshi, juge-avocat général adjoint, Droit administratif, Forces armées canadiennes

Le colonel Joshi est une sommité canadienne en droit administratif militaire. Au cours de sa carrière, il s'est occupé de dossiers
importants comme la rédaction de la
Loi antiterroriste (2001) et l'élaboration du premier régime de pension des Forces armées canadiennes
pour le personnel de la Force de réserve. À titre de conseiller juridique, il a également apporté une importante contribution à des questions
opérationnelles, notamment à Haïti, en Bosnie et en Afghanistan, contribution pour laquelle il s'est mérité la Médaille de service méritoire en 2010
et a été nommé officier de l'Ordre du mérite militaire en 2014.

__________on JOSHI, Vihar, read "Law Society [of Ontario] announces 2020 award recipients", 13 March 2020, available at lso.ca/news-events/news/latest-news-2020/law-society-announces-2020-award-recipients  (accessed 14 March 2020);

TORONTO, ON — Members of Ontario's legal professions will be recognized for their
outstanding career achievements and contributions to their communities at the annual
Law Society Awards ceremony on May 27, 2020*, at Osgoode Hall.

Law Society Medal


Colonel (Ret’d) Vihar Joshi, OMM, MSM, CD, QC: Called to the Bar in 1990,
Colonel Joshi has made remarkable contributions as a lawyer and soldier representing the
best of the Canadian legal profession on international military operations in Haiti, Bosnia,
and Afghanistan. He has served Canada for more than 28 years as military officer and lawyer
with the Office of the Judge Advocate General.

___________on JOSHI, Lieutenant-Colonel Vihar, see
McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at p. 178, available at  103-242;

 Source: ca.linkedin.com/in/stevenfouchard, consulté le 16 mars 2019
Steven Fouchard
___________on JOSHI, Lieutenant-Colonel Vihar, see photo hereunder that appeared in the article of Fouchard,
Steven, "Visible Minorities Advisory Group having a positive impact", Article / October 27, 2016 / Project number: 16-0300, available at http://www.army-armee.forces.gc.ca/en/news-publications/central-news-details-page-secondary-menu.page?doc=visible-minorities-advisory-group-having-a-positive-impact/iumux42j (accessed 22 March 2017);

Major Samson Young and Sean Allen pictured with Colonel
Vihar Joshi (second from left)

Ottawa, Ontario — The former co-chairs of a committee mandated to advise the Department of National Defence (DND) on issues affecting
visible minorities say the organization itself is steadily becoming more culturally diverse.

Major Samson Young and Mr. Sean Allen recently stepped down from their roles as, respectively, military and civilian co-chair of the Defence
Visible Minorities Advisory Group (DVMAG) for the National Capital Region after two years. Both say they plan to remain active with the group
in other capacities.

___________Should regulations made under Section 12 of the National Defence Act continue to be exempt from the procedural requirements relating to the making of subordinate legislation in Canada, Master's essay for LL.M. degree / mémoire de maîtrise en droit pour le grade LL.M., University of Ottawa, 2007; apparently the paper deals with national security and counter-terrorism; on lit que ce mémoire de maitrise n'est pas disponible pour consultation, voir "Liste des mémoires de maïtrise et thèses de doctorat acceptés en 1999", (Automne 1999) 59 Revue du Barreau 757 à la p. 758; note: DCL Paper, University of Ottawa Faculty of Law 1998; research note: this paper is referred to in WRY, Jill D., Of what quality are the Queen’s Regulations and Orders for the Canadian Forces?, Masters thesis, Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, University of London, 1 September 2015, 44 p., student # 1440527, available at http://sas-space.sas.ac.uk/6278/#undefined (accessed 11 August 2016);

Vihar Joshi,

__________testimony before the House of Commons Special Committee on Electoral Reform, 25 October 2016 (42nd Parliament, 1st session), available at http://www.parl.gc.ca/Committees/en/ERRE/Meetings (accessed 27 October 2016);

__________testimony before the House of Commons Standing Committee on Procedure and House Affairs (PROC), Tuesday, 5 June 2018, on Bill C-76, An Act to amend the Canada Elections Act and other Acts and to make certain consequential amendments (42nd Parliament, 1st Session); see http://www.ourcommons.ca/DocumentViewer/en/42-1/PROC/meeting-111/evidence (accessed 15 June 2018);

JOURNAL DU BARREAU DU QUÉBEC, "Recensions juridiques --Les avocats militaires: Colonel (retraité) R. Arthur McDonald, Les avocats militaires du Canada, Défense nationale, Cabinet du juge-avocat général, Ottawa, Ministère des travaux publics et services gouvernementaux du Canada, 2002, 263 pages", Journal du Barreau du Québec, volume 35, numéro 13, 1er août 2003; disponible à http://www.barreau.qc.ca/pdf/journal/vol35/no13/recensions.html (vérifié 20 octobre 2015);

"The Judge Advocate General to teach at the US Naval War College from 2010" (May/Mail 2009) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; available at http://www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters-sections/2009/PrintHTML.aspx?DocId=37322#top and http://www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters-sections/2009/PrintHTML.aspx?DocId=37322#article4  (accessed on 28 April 2012);
"Le juge-avocat général enseignera au Naval War College des É.-U. en 2010" (May/Mai 2009) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; disponible à http://www.cba.org/abc/nouvelles-sections/2009/2009-05_military.aspx et http://www.cba.org/abc/nouvelles-sections/2009/2009-05_military.aspx#article12 (site visité le 28 avril  2012);

JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL, "Legal Officer Intermediate Training: Military Operations Law - April 29 [2013]" course schedule, Kingston; available at http://nsbs.org/event/2013/05/legal-officer-intermediate-training-military-operations-law-april-29  and at http://nsbs.org/inforum/2013-04-15/full(accessed 5 September 2016);

Lesson/Leçon                                                                                        Instructor(s)/Instrucreur(s)

Assistance to Law Enforcement Agencies /                                          Mr Fensom
Assistance aux agences de maintien de l’ordre

Case Study: OP PODIUM /Étude de cas : Opération                            Mr Fensom

Use of Force in Domestic Operations / Emploi                                     Mr Fensom
de la force au cours d’opérations domestiques

Military Police Jurisdiction / La compétence                                        Maj Pawlowski
de la police militaire

Administrative Law on Deployment / Le droit administratif                Maj Pawlowski
dans le cadre d’un déploiement

Military Justice Issues/ Questions liées à la justice militaire                Maj Pawlowski

CF Armed Assistance Directive (CFAAD) and                                    Maj Clute
Introduction to NCTP / IAAFC et présentation du PNCT

Introduction to ROE Handbook and assignment read-in /                    Maj Clute
 Introduction au RE et lecture de l’exercice

CF Routine Activities ROE / Règles d’engagement                             Maj Drew
pour les opérations de routine

Maritime Operations Law / Droit relatif aux opérations                       Maj Drew

ROE and the Use of Force in International Operations /                       Maj Drew
RE et l’emploi de la force au cours d’opérations

Naval Operations Assignment /                                                             Maj Drew
Travail sur le droit maritime

Use of Force/ ROE assignment /Travail: Emploi de la force                Maj Drew
et RE

Evidentiary Issues and Post-Operations Procedures /                           LCdr Levesque
Questions relatives à la preuve et procédure post-­opérations

Environmental Legal Considerations - Air, Space and Cyberspace      LCdr Levesque
Operations / Considérations d’ordre juridique propre à
l’environnement - Opérations aériennes, spatiales et cyber spatiales

The Protection of Information / La protection de l’information           LCdr Barnet

Environmental Legal Considerations - Land Operations /                    LCdr Barnet
Considérations d’ordre juridique propres à l’environnement
- Opérations terrestres

EX SECURUS PATRIA briefing / Briefing : EX SECURUS              LCol Waters

EX SECURUS PATRIA read-in /Lecture: EX SECURUS                   LCol Waters

Strategic Legal Considerations for International Operations /              LCol Waters
Considérations stratégiques d’ordre juridique liées aux
opérations internationales

Exercise Able Advocate: Briefing and Orders / Briefing et les            LCol Waters
orders pour l’exercice Able Advocate

Legal Aspects of Detainee Treatment/ Aspects juridiques                    LCol Waters
liés au traitement des détenus

Intelligence and Information Collection in Operations /                       Maj Maynard
Collecte d’information et recherche du renseignement dans
le cadre d’opérations

Use and Sharing of Intelligence and Information in Domestic             Maj Maynard
Operations / Utilisation et partage de l’information et du
renseignement dans le cadre d’opérations domestiques

Task Specific Legal Considerations: NEO, PSO, HA and                    Maj Maynard
Disaster Relief Operations/Considérations d’ordre juridique
liées à la tâche : opérations d’évacuation de non-combattants,
opérations de soutien de la paix, opérations d’aide humanitaire/
de secours aux sinistrés

CF Operational Planning Process / Processus de planification             Maj DeCaluwe
opérationnelle des FC

Targeting in CF International Operations / Ciblage- Le droit               Maj DeCaluwe (L)
 relatif à la sélection et à l’engagement de cibles                                   LCdr Levesque (A)

Defence of Canada - International and Continental Alliances /            Maj Isenor
La défense du Canada - Alliances internationales et continentales

JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL, JAG [Membership] Coins; here is the LIST of the 306 JAG Officers who have received a JAG coin; list obtained Access to Information Act letter, file A-2016-01294, dated 7 December 2016];

JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL, JAG Officers, List  for the year 1975, 1980 amd 1990, available at  http://www.lareau-law.ca/List2020Feb21.pdf accessed 9 March 2020;


Military Legal Officer (reserve or full time)

JAG, Canada

Job description
Legal Officers deliver legal services in the fields of operational law, international law, training, military personnel law, and military justice.

The primary responsibilities of a Legal Officer include:
Providing advice on international and domestic law to the commander of a deployed force
Providing general legal advice and services to the commanding officer of a Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) Base
Providing advice on operational legal issues at National Defence Headquarters
Representing clients at Court Martial and appearing before the Court Martial Appeal Court
Representing the interests of the CAF and the Department of National Defence (DND) as:
A member of a Canadian delegation negotiating international treaties
A member of the military liaison staff at an allied headquarters
Delivering training on military law and military justice

Current position:00:00:00 Total time:00:03:44
Working environment
Legal Officers are members of the Legal Branch of the CAF. This branch is commanded by the Judge Advocate General (JAG) that acts as legal adviser to the Governor General, the Minister of National Defence, the DND and the CAF in matters relating to military law and administers military justice in the CAF.
The Office of the JAG provides the military justice system with military judges, prosecution and defence counsel. A Legal Officer may also work at the Office of the DND/CAF Legal Adviser, working in such areas as legislative drafting, pensions, claims and administrative law. A Legal Officer could also be appointed to the military bench, to serve in the independent Office of the Chief Military Judge.
Pay and career development
The starting salary for a fully trained Legal Officer is $77,000 per year; however, depending on previous experience and training the starting salary may be higher. Regular promotions through the junior officer ranks take place based on the completion of required training and on the length of service as an officer.
During the first appointment, a Legal Officer will be expected to complete Legal Officer Basic Training and Legal Officer Intermediate Training. Legal Officers who demonstrate the required ability, dedication and potential are selected for opportunities for career progression, promotion and advanced training.
Related civilian occupations
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Basic military officer qualification
After enrolment, you start basic officer training at the Canadian Forces Leadership and Recruit School in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec, for 15 weeks. Topics covered include general military knowledge, the principles of leadership, regulations and customs of the CAF, basic weapons handling, and first aid. Opportunities will also be provided to apply such newly acquired military skills in training exercises involving force protection, field training, navigation and leadership. A rigorous physical fitness program is also a vital part of basic training. Basic officer training is provided in English or French and successful completion is a prerequisite for further training.
Following basic officer training, official second language training may be offered to you. Training could take from two to nine months to complete depending on your ability in your second language.
Professional training
During the first posting, Legal Officers are expected to complete all Legal Officer basic occupational training which will allow you to work in the varied areas of employment within the Office of the JAG.
Specialty training
Legal Officers may be offered the opportunity to develop specialized skills through formal courses and on-the-job training, including graduate degrees.
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Entry plans
Now hiring: we are now accepting applications for this job through direct entry.

Direct entry
All Legal Officers must be admitted to the Bar of a Canadian province or territory, and be a member in good standing of a provincial or territorial law society.
If you have graduated within the last two years, you must have practice experience within the last two years. This experience may include clinic work or articling experience under the supervision of a licensed lawyer in Canadian Criminal Law, International Law, Administrative Law, Labour and Employment Law or Human Rights Law.
If it has been more than two years since you graduated from Law School, you must have practised law on a full-time basis in Canada since graduation. If you have not worked as a lawyer since law school and you graduated more than two years ago, you may have your legal experience evaluated by the Office of the JAG to determine suitability. This will be done after you have applied to the CAF.
Basic training and military officer qualification training are required before being assigned.
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Part-time option
This occupation is available part-time within the following environments: Navy, Army, Air Force
Serve with the Reserve Force
This position is available for part-time employment with the Primary Reserve at certain locations across Canada. Reserve Force members usually serve part time with a military unit in their community, and may serve while going to school or working at a civilian job. They are paid during their training. They are not posted or required to do a military move. However, they can volunteer to move to another base. They may also volunteer for deployment on a military mission within or outside Canada.
Part-time employment
Legal Officers may serve with the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army or the Royal Canadian Air Force as members of the Legal branch of the CAF. They are employed to deliver legal services in the fields of operational law, international law, military personnel law, military administrative law and military justice. Those employed on a part-time or casual full-time basis usually serve at military bases, wings, home ports and units at locations within Canada.
Reserve Force training
Reserve Force members are trained to the same level as their Regular Force counterparts. They usually begin training with the Office of the JAG to ensure that they meet the required basic professional military standards. Following basic officer training, the home unit will arrange for specialized skills training. Applicants with a university degree in law (LL.L, LL.B. or J.D.) may be placed directly into the required on-the-job training program following basic training.
Working environment
Reserve Force members usually serve part-time with their home unit for scheduled evenings and weekends, although they may also serve in full-time positions at some units for fixed terms, depending on the type of work that they do. They are paid 85 percent of Regular Force rates of pay, receive a reasonable benefits package and may qualify to contribute to a pension plan.


Avocat(e) militaire (réserviste ou temps plein)

JAG, Canada

Les avocats militaires fournissent des services juridiques en matière de droit opérationnel, de droit international, de formation, de droit du personnel militaire et de justice militaire.

Ils ont comme principale fonction d’exercer le droit en milieu militaire, notamment :

Prestation de conseils en matière de droit international et de droit interne au commandant d’une force en déploiement

Prestation de conseils et de services juridiques généraux au commandant d’une base des Forces armées canadiennes (FAC)

Prestation de conseils sur des questions juridiques d’ordre opérationnel au quartier général de la Défense nationale

Représentation de clients devant une cour martiale et devant la cour d’appel de la cour martiale

Représentation des intérêts des FAC et du ministère de la Défense nationale (MDN), à titre de membre d’une délégation canadienne négociant des traités internationaux ou de membre du personnel de liaison militaire dans un quartier général allié

Environnement de travail

Les avocats militaires sont des officiers de la Branche des services juridiques des FAC, qui est commandée par le Juge-avocat général (JAG). Celui-ci agit comme conseiller juridique du gouverneur général, du ministre de la Défense nationale, du MDN et des FAC pour les questions de droit militaire et surveille l’administration de la justice militaire dans les FAC.

Le Bureau du JAG offre à l’appareil de justice militaire le personnel qualifié dont il a besoin, notamment des juges militaires, des avocats de la poursuite et des procureurs de la défense. Les avocats militaires peuvent aussi être affectés au Cabinet de la Conseillère juridique auprès du MDN et des FAC, où ils travaillent dans des domaines comme la rédaction de lois, les pensions, les réclamations et le droit administratif. Plus tard au cours de leur carrière, les avocats militaires pourraient être nommés à la magistrature militaire et servir au sein du Cabinet du Juge militaire en chef, qui est indépendant.

Solde et perfectionnement professionnel

Le salaire de départ pour un avocat entièrement formé est de 77 000 $ par année. Cependant, en fonction de l’expérience et de la formation antérieures, le salaire de départ pourrait être plus élevé. Pendant les différents échelons des officiers subalternes, des promotions régulières ont lieu fondées sur l’achèvement de la formation requise et la durée du service en tant qu’officier.

Durant leur première affectation, les avocats militaires doivent suivre la Formation élémentaire des avocats et la Formation intermédiaire des avocats. Les avocats qui manifesteront le dévouement, les aptitudes et les prédispositions nécessaires auront accès à des possibilités d’avancement, de promotion et de perfectionnement.

Emplois civils équivalents




Qualification militaire de base des officiers (QMBO)

Après votre enrôlement, vous commencerez la qualification militaire de base des officiers de 15 semaines à l’École de leadership et de recrues des Forces canadiennes de Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, au Québec. Les sujets abordés comprennent les connaissances militaires générales, les principes du leadership, les règlements et coutumes des FAC, le maniement des armes de base et les premiers soins. Vous aurez la possibilité de mettre en application les compétences militaires nouvellement acquises dans le cadre d’exercices d’entraînement portant sur la protection de la force, l’instruction appliquée, la navigation et le leadership. Vous participerez également à un programme rigoureux de sports et de conditionnement physique. Le cours de QMBO est offert en anglais ou en français et sa réussite constitue un préalable à la poursuite de l’instruction.

À la suite de la formation de base des officiers, une formation en seconde langue officielle peut vous être offerte. La formation peut durer de deux à neuf mois selon vos compétences en langue seconde.

Instruction professionnelle

Pendant votre première affectation, vous devrez terminer toute l’instruction professionnelle de base qui vous permettra de travailler dans les différents domaines liés au groupe du JAG.

Instruction spécialisée

Vous pourriez avoir la possibilité d’acquérir des compétences spécialisées par l’intermédiaire de cours magistraux ou d’une formation en cours d’emploi.

Programmes d’enrôlement

Nous embauchons : nous acceptons actuellement les candidatures pour ce poste par le biais de l’enrôlement direct.

Enrôlement direct

Tous les avocats militaires doivent être admis au barreau d’une province ou d’un territoire canadien, et être membre en règle d’une association professionnelle des avocats d’une province ou d’un territoire.

Si vous avez obtenu votre diplôme au cours des deux dernières années, vous devez posséder de l’expérience pratique au cours de ces deux dernières années. Cette expérience peut comprendre du travail dans une clinique d’aide juridique ou une période de stage sous la supervision d’un avocat agréé en droit pénal canadien, en droit international, en droit administratif, en droit du travail et de l’emploi ou en droit de la personne.

Si vous avez obtenu votre diplôme de la faculté de droit depuis plus de deux ans, vous devez avoir pratiqué le droit à temps plein au Canada depuis l’obtention de votre grade. Si vous n’avez pas travaillé comme avocat depuis la faculté de droit et que vous avez obtenu votre diplôme depuis plus de deux ans, votre expérience juridique pourrait être évaluée par le Cabinet du JAG afin de déterminer votre admissibilité. Cette démarche sera faite après que vous aurez fait votre demande d’enrôlement dans les FAC.

L’instruction de base et la qualification militaire de base des officiers doivent être réussies avant que le candidat soit affecté.

Option temps partiel

Ce métier est disponible à temps partiel au sein des environnements suivants : Marine, Armée, Force aérienne

Servir dans la Force de réserve

Cette possibilité d’emploi à temps partiel est offerte auprès de la Première réserve, à certains endroits au Canada. En règle générale, les membres de la Force de réserve servent à temps partiel au sein d’une unité militaire dans leur communauté et peuvent effectuer leur service pendant qu’ils sont aux études ou qu’ils occupent un emploi civil. Ils sont payés durant leur instruction. Ils ne sont pas assujettis aux affectations ni aux déménagements militaires. Toutefois, ils peuvent se porter volontaires pour déménager à une autre base ou pour être déployés au Canada ou à l’étranger dans le cadre de missions militaires.

Emploi à temps partiel

Les avocats peuvent servir auprès de la Marine royale canadienne, de l’Armée canadienne ou de l’Aviation royale canadienne, au sein des services juridiques des FAC. Leur responsabilité consiste à fournir des services juridiques dans les domaines du droit opérationnel, du droit international, du droit concernant le personnel militaire, droit administratif militaire et de la justice militaire. Lorsqu’ils sont employés à temps partiel ou à titre d’occasionnels à temps plein, ils effectuent habituellement leur service dans des bases, des escadres, des ports d’attache ou des unités militaires à différents endroits au Canada.

Instruction de la Force de réserve

Les membres de la Force de réserve reçoivent le même niveau d’instruction que leurs homologues de la Force régulière. Ils commencent généralement leur instruction avec le bureau du JAG, pour s’assurer qu’ils répondent aux normes militaires professionnelles de base. Après l’instruction de base destinée aux officiers, l’unité d’attache s’occupera de prévoir l’instruction permettant l’acquisition des compétences spécialisées. Les candidats qui détiennent un diplôme universitaire en droit (LL.L, LL.B. ou J.D.) pourront passer directement au programme de formation en cours d’emploi à la suite de l’instruction de base.

Environnement de travail

En règle générale, les membres de la Force de réserve effectuent leur service à temps partiel au sein de leur unité d’attache, le soir et la fin de semaine, suivant un horaire établi. Toutefois, ils peuvent également effectuer leur service en occupant des postes à temps plein au sein de certaines unités pour des périodes déterminées, selon la nature des tâches à exécuter. Ils reçoivent 85 pour cent du taux de rémunération de la Force régulière, ont droit à des avantages sociaux raisonnables et peuvent être admissibles à contribuer à un régime de pension.

John McKiggan, the lawyer                                             Jack Julian, the CBC journalist (source:cbc.ca/beta/news/canada/nova-scotia/cbc-nova-scotia-personalities-1.3521580, accessed 1 April 2017))

JULIAN, JACK, "Military, DND face class-action lawsuit over alleged treatment of gays, lesbians.   'There was a constant aura of intimidation and fear within the forces for anyone who was gay or lesbian' ", CBC NEWS /Nova Scotia, available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/halifax-military-lawsuit-sexual-orientation-descrimination-1.3886254 (accessed 1 April 2016);

A Halifax lawyer [John McKiggan] has launched a class-action lawsuit on behalf of homosexual members of the
Canadian Forces and employees of the Department of National Defence who say they were
targeted by the military because of their sexual orientation while serving in Atlantic Canada.

McKiggan believes this lawsuit could serve as a template for a larger national settlement.

He notes that class-action lawsuits have already been filed in other provinces for discrimination
faced by homosexual military members, federal civil servants and the RCMP.

"The nature of the discrimination and the practices are very clearly identified within the military, so
I think using the military claims as a stepping stone to a resolution of the broader claims is a manageable
way to address it with the courts," he said.

JULL, Walter Kingsley, from 1944-1946 was Assistant Judge Advocate General, see "Sheriff and Predecessor Long-Standing Friends", Calgary Herald, 30 June 1949 at p. 16; available at https://www.newspapers.com/...., accessed 20 May 2020;

"Comrades in war and friends in peace, Lt. Col. Walter Kingsley
Jull, K.C., M.C., V.D. (left), the newly appointed sheriff and clerk
of courts for the Calgary judicial district, bade farewell to Lt. Col.
Victor R. Jones, K.C., O.B.E. (military) E.D., who resigned today
after serving for 19 years as sheriff and clerk of courts."


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JULIANI,  T J. (Tony Joseph), 1950-, and C.K. (Charles Kenneth) Talbot, Military Justice: A Selected Annotated Bibliography, Ottawa : CRIMCARE, c1981,  xii, 71 leaves (series; A CRIMCARE  publication), ISBN:  0919395007; mostly non-Canadian references; at pp. vii and ix-xi, the authors point out the difficulty of making research on Canadian military law; copy of this book at the Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa; copy at University of Ottawa, Library Annex,  KE 7160 .A1 J845 1981;

Joshua M. Juneau, photo source: http://mdlo.ca/our-team/joshua-juneau/, accessed on 7 April 2014

JUNEAU, Joshua, "Like throwing darts at a dartboard : the promotion system at the Department of National Defence, and the interplay between the Canadian Forces Grievance Board and the Chief of the Defence Staff",  (May/Mai 2012) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; available at http://www.cba.org/cba/newsletters-sections/2012/PrintHTML.aspx?DocId=48115  (accessed on 6 May 2012);
JUNEAU, Joshua M., "Comme des fléchettes lancées  sur une cible : Le système de promotion du ministère de la Défense et l'interaction entre le Comité des griefs des FC et le chef de l'état-major de la Défense",  (May/Mai 2012) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; disponible à http://www.cba.org/abc/nouvelles-sections/2012/2012-05_military.aspx#article1 (site visité le 6 mai 2012);

__________on Juneau, Joshua M., see also, this bibliography, his articles under the authors DRAPEAU, Michel and Juneau, Joshua

___________"Outgoing JAG firing blanks at critics", The Hill's Times, Monday 15 May 2017;

___________photo (image fixe à partir du video) de Me JUNEAU, Joshua témoignant devant le Comité sénatorial de la sécurité nationale et de la défense sur le Projet de Loi C-77, Loi modifiant la Loi sur la défense nationale et apportant des modifications connexes et corrélatives à d'autres lois, 15 mai 2019, disponible à http://senparlvu.parl.gc.ca/XRender/en/PowerBrowser/PowerBrowserV2/20190515/-1/8916?useragent=Mozilla/5.0%20(Windows%20NT%206.1;%20Win64;%20x64;%20rv:67.0)%20Gecko/20100101%20Firefox/67.0#  (vérifié le 29 mai 2019);


JUNEAU, Joshua, and Michel Drapeau, "How to fix the Canadian Forces’ grievance system", The Hill Times, 16 October 2020; see  https://www.hilltimes.com/2020/10/15/fixing-the-canadian-forces-grievance-system/267259, accessed 16 October 2020;

Despite efforts by successive chiefs of defence staff to delegate their statutory
responsibilities down, the backlog and delays in the military grievance system
are worse than ever. But the growing backlog in the CAF grievance system is
due in large part to the broad wording of Sec. 29 of the National Defence Act
which permits a member to grieve practically anything. This is an expensive
and inappropriate use of energies and resources.

Image source: amazon.ca/Tribe-Homecoming-Belonging-Sebastian-Junger/dp/1455566381, accessed 16 October 2018

JUNGER, Sebastian, Tribe: On Homecoming and Belonging, Toronto: Harper Collins Publishers Ltd., 2016, 192 p., ISBN: 9781443449588, ISBN 10: 144344958X;

About the Book

Sebastian Junger, the bestselling author of War and The Perfect Storm, takes a critical look at post-traumatic
stress disorder and the many challenges today’s returning veterans face in modern society.

There are ancient tribal human behaviors-loyalty, inter-reliance, cooperation-that flare up in communities
during times of turmoil and suffering. These are the very same behaviors that typify good soldiering and
foster a sense of belonging among troops, whether they’re fighting on the front lines or engaged in non-combat
activities away from the action. Drawing from history, psychology, and anthropology, bestselling author Sebastian
Junger shows us just how at odds the structure of modern society is with our tribal instincts, arguing that the
difficulties many veterans face upon returning home from war do not stem entirely from the trauma they’ve suffered,
but also from the individualist societies they must reintegrate into.

A 2011 study by the Canadian Forces and Statistics Canada reveals that 78 percent of military suicides from 1972
to the end of 2006 involved veterans. Though these numbers present an implicit call to action, the government is
only just taking steps now to address the problems veterans face when they return home. But can the government
ever truly eliminate the challenges faced by returning veterans? Or is the problem deeper, woven into the very fabric
of our modern existence? Perhaps our circumstances are not so bleak, and simply understanding that beneath our
modern guises we all belong to one tribe or another would help us face not just the problems of our nation but of
our individual lives as well.

Well-researched and compellingly written, this timely look at how veterans react to coming home will reconceive
our approach to veteran’s affairs and help us to repair our current social dynamic.
[source: https://www.harpercollins.ca/9781443449588/tribe/, accessed 16 October 2018]

JURKOWSKI, Marlo, "Military hosts Manitoba lawyers" (April/Avril 2008) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; available at http://www.cba.org/CBA/newsletters/mil-2008/news.aspx (accessed on 26 April 2012);
JURKOWSKI, Marlo, "Des militaires accueillent des juristes du Manitoba" (April/Avril 2008) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire; disponible à http://www.cba.org/abc/nouvelles/mil-2008/nouvelles.aspx#article4 (site visité le 26 avril  2012);

JUST PEACE ADVOCATES/MOUVEMENT POUR UNE PAIX JUSTE, " No illegal Israeli military recruiting in Canada", 19 October 2020, available at justpeaceadvocates.ca/no-illegal-israeli-military-recruiting-in-canada/ (accessed 10 December 2020);

October 19, a complaint has been provided to Justice Minister Lametti, in regard to the illegal Israeli
military recruiting happening in Canada.

Dozens of prominent individuals have joined the call on Justice Minister Lametti to investigate illegal
recruitment in Canada for the Israeli military.

An open letter signed by Noam Chomsky, Roger Waters, Ken Loach, former MP Jim Manly, as well
as poet El Jones and author Yann Martel, and more than 170 Canadians as well as several others, has
been delivered to Justice Minister David Lametti asking him to investigate recruitment taking place
in Canada for the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). Alongside the open letter, a formal legal complaint
was sent to the justice minister.

It is a crime in Canada to recruit anyone for a foreign military. It is also a crime to aid and abet such
recruitment by offering incentives and encouraging any person to serve in a foreign military.

The Foreign Enlistment Act states, “Any person who, within Canada, recruits or otherwise induces
any person or body of persons to enlist or to accept any commission or engagement in the armed
forces of any foreign state or other armed forces operating in that state is guilty of an offence.”

The only exception would be the recruitment of Israeli citizens who are not Canadian.

On several occasions the Israeli consulate in Toronto has advertised that they have an IDF
representative available for personal appointments for those wishing to join the Israeli military.
Last November, the Israeli consulate in Toronto announced, “an IDF representative will conduct
personal interviews at the Consulate on November 11-14. Young people who wish to enlist in the
IDF or anyone who has not fulfilled their obligations according to the Israeli Defense Service Law
are invited to meet with him.”


Page couverture, Le Devoir, 19 octobre 2020, Image source:
 justpeaceadvocates.ca/media-coverage-of-complaint-regarding-illegal-israeli-military-recruiting/, accessed 10 December 2020

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KAIROS CANADIAN ECUMENICAL JUSTICE INITIATIVES, Canada, Afghanistan and Human Rights, Toronto: Kairos Canadian Ecumenical Justice Initiatives, 2007, 17 p.; notes: discussion paper; available at  http://schools.alcdsb.on.ca/social_justice/Human%20Rights%20Documents/Afghanistan%20Dec%2007.pdf (accessed on 2 November 2014);

                                                                        Kakule Kalwahali, source: ulpgl.net/942/, accessed 28 June 2020

KALWAHALI, Kakule, The Crimes Committed by UN Peacekeepers in Africa: A reflection on jurisdictional and accountability Issues, Doctor of Laws thesis, University of South Africa, 2013, xvii, 404 leaves, promoter: Professor Charnelle Van Der Bijl; available at http://uir.unisa.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10500/9950/thesis_kalwahali_k.pdf?sequence=1 (accessed on 10 August 2013); deals with Somalia and the Canadian Forces;


This thesis investigates both substantive and procedural issues pertaining to allegations of crimes committed by UN
peacekeepers in three African countries, Somalia, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Under the current
UN Model Status-of-Forces Agreements, criminal jurisdiction over peacekeepers rests with their sending States.
However, although the UN has no criminal jurisdiction, it has been the Office of Internal Oversight Services that has
conducted investigations. It is argued that every Status of Force Agreement and every Memorandum of Understanding
should contain specific clauses obligating Troop-Contributing Countries to prosecute and the UN to follow-up. If rape,
murder, assault, and any other crimes by UN peacekeepers go unpunished, the message sent to the victims is that
peacekeepers are above the law. Rape is the most commonly committed crime by peacekeepers, but is usually considered
as an isolated act. The procedural issue of prosecuting peacekeepers is investigated in order to establish whether troops
can be caught under the ambits of the criminal law of the Host State to hold UN troops criminally accountable for their
acts. The laws relative to the elements of each crime and the possible available defences under the three Host States,
and the criminal law of South Africa as a Troop-Contributing Country, are discussed. The apparent lack of prosecution
is investigated and existing cases of prosecution discussed. Alternatives to the unwillingness by States with criminal
jurisdiction under the Status of Forces Agreement or under the Memorandum of Understanding are considered.
Considering the current rules related to crimes committed by peacekeepers, the argument put forward is that crimes
by peacekeepers must be dealt with completely and transparently though a Convention aiming at barring Troop-
Contributing Countries who do not meet their obligations under international law from participating in future
operations of peace. This thesis, furthermore, suggests a tripartite court mechanism to fill the lacunae in the law
relating to the prosecution of peacekeepers. It considers the issues of reserving jurisdiction over peacekeepers to
the Troop-Contributing Countries which are reluctant to prosecute repatriated alleged perpetrators. The victims’
importance in criminal proceedings and their their right to a remedy are highlighted.
[source: http://uir.unisa.ac.za/handle/10500/9950

Image source: http://collegialuniversitaire.groupemodulo.com/2363-precis-de-droit-penal-general-2e-edition-produit.html, accessed 8 January 2015 
KAMEL-TOUEG, Nabil, 1932-, Précis de droit pénal général - Droit pénal I, 2e édition, Mont-Royal (Province of Québec) : Modulo Éditeur, 1994, ix, 242 p., voir "Les militaires" aux pp. 143-144, ISBN: 2891135024;

Dieudonné Kandolo; source de l'image:cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/

KANDOLO, Dieudonné, Capitaine, avocat militaire, membre du cabinet du Juge-avocat général; dans l'arrêt Monette J.F. (Soldat), R. c., 2011 CM 1007 (CanLII), <https://www.canlii.org/fr/ca/cm/doc/2011/2011cm1007/2011cm1007.html>, le capitaine Kandolo fait partie de l'équipe de la poursuite;

___________sur KANDOLO, Dieudonné, voir "Le nouvel arrivant francophone -- intégration réussie: savoir tourner la page  --- Successful integration: starting a new chapter", (Dec 2013) 5(4) Bulletin mensuel d'information du Centre d'accueil et d'établissement du Nord de l'Alberta -- Monthly information bulletin published by Centre d'accueil et d'établissement du Nord de l'Alberta, ISSN: 1920-4434; disponible à http://senaf.ca/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/NAF-d%C3%A9cembre-2013.pdf (site consulté le 6 avril 2020);

Originaire de Tshilundu en République démocratique du Congo,
Dieudonné Kandolo est arrivé au Canada en 1995 avec le statut
réfugié. « J’ai choisi Toronto, car je voulais apprendre l’anglais »,
rappelle M. Kandolo.


En 2009, il
est muté dans la région de l’Outaouais, où il se voit offrir
poste d’avocat militaire. « C’est alors que j’ai eu un premier choix
à faire. J’avais cette offre pour un contrat de quatre ans, mais j’explorais
aussi la possibilité de venir à Edmonton. Finalement, je
ne pouvais pas
refuser ce que les Forces armées canadiennes m’offraient »,

Pendant quatre ans, il portera fièrement l’uniforme militaire et obtiendra
même, en cours de route, le grade de capitaine. « Le 8 octobre dernier,
mon contrat a pris fin. À 45 ans, et avec l’âge obligatoire de la retraite qui
est de 60 ans, les possibilités d’avancement étaient minimes et c’est
cette raison que j’ai quitté les forces armées », souligne Dieudonné
oins de deux mois plus tard, grâce à l’appui du Centre d’accueil et d’établissement
(CAÉ) du Nord de l’Alberta, il ouvre son cabinet, Kandolo
Law Office, à La
Cité francophone.


Le Brigadier-général Blaise Cathcart et le capitaine
Dieudonné Kondolo

Originally from Tshilundu, Democratic Republic of Congo, Dieudonné Kandolo
moved to Canada in 1995 where
he was accepted as a refugee. “I had chosen
as my home, because I wanted to learn English,” Mr. Kandolo said.


In 2009, he was posted in the Outaouais region
and worked as a legal officer
in the Canadian Armed Forces. “For the
first time, I had to make a choice. I was
given this four-year contract, but
I was also exploring the possibility of moving
to Edmonton. However, I
could not decline the opportunity given by the Canadian
Armed Forces,” he

During four years, he proudly wore the military uniform and was even promoted to
captain. “My contract ended on October 8, 2013.  Due to my
age (45 years old)
and the mandatory retirement age (60 years old), I had
few opportunities for
advancement, so I decided to leave the armed forces,”
Dieudonné Kandolo said.

Less than two months later, Mr. Kandolo opened his law office at La Cité francophone
with the support of the Centre d’accueil et d’établissement du
Nord de l’Alberta (CAÉ).

Image source: canadianlawyermag.com/legalfeeds/blog/Alexia-Kapralos.html, accessed 8 July 2017
Alexia Kapralos
KAPRALOS, Alexia, "First female judge advocate general appointed to Canadian Armed Forces", Legal Feeds, the Blog of Canadian Lawyer & Law Times, 28 June 2017; available at http://www.canadianlawyermag.com/legalfeeds/alexia-kapralos.html (accessed 8 July 2017);

Being the first woman to occupy this role, Bernatchez says that this sends a clear signal to the Canadian Armed Forces and the
Department of National Defence but also to women and girls across Canada and worldwide.

“We are now at a time in our history where the contributions of women, their vision, their talents, are welcomed and that if they
dare dream big, if they dare to give it their all, there is an opportunity for them to be recognized and occupy the most important
positions in our Canadian institutions,” says Bernatchez.

--8th Judge Advocate General, 1982-1986
KARWANDY, Frank, 1927-2016, notes on,

Born in Neidpath, Saskatchewan, in 1927, Frank Karwandy came from a family with roots in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Keen on education,
his father served as a councillor and reeve in the Municipality of Lawtonia. Frank was educated locally in one and two room schools, in high
school in Herbert, Saskatchewan, and came to UBC in 1947 to study History, English, and French. He entered UBC law school in 1949, when he
was twenty-one.

He recalls his years at UBC law school with affection. "Four of us banded together," he says. "Bill Quinn, Roland Barnes, Al MacDonnell,
and myself. Law classes were in the morning, and we met in the afternoons and talked about our classes and cases. We'd say, 'What did you
think?' and, 'How important is such-and-such a case?" The four of us stayed together for the three years of law school. Law School was difficult!
But not so much academically: the main problem was the amount of work and remembering case names. There were so many cases! The library
was quiet and I used to stay there until 9 at night. Of the four of us, Bill, who was also from Saskatchewan, moved to Alberta and practiced law
there; Roland went into the Royal Canadian Navy legal branch; and Al, who was from Vernon, practiced in Prince Rupert and became a judge
in the Supreme Court of British Columbia. I was in the same class as Mary Southin and Patricia Proudfoot [nee Fahlman], both of whom became
well-known judges in British Columbia."
Karwandy enrolled in the Canadian Officers" Training Corps (COTC) at UBC in 1950, spent the summers training, and enlisted in the Regular
Army prior to the third year of law school. Upon graduation, he was posted to The Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) in Calgary. In
1955, he gained admission to the BC Law Society and obtained his articles with the Burnaby law firm of Hean, Wylie and Hyde. "Burnaby was
being developed so it was primarily real estate," he recalls. "I did a lot of title searches!"

His combination of legal and military training made Karwandy an ideal candidate for the Office of the Judge Advocate General (JAG), which
he joined in 1956. This office provides legal advice to the senior and commanding officers of the Canadian Forces. JAG officers also serve as
prosecuting and defending officers at General Courts Martial, which deal with serious military offences, and at Disciplinary Courts Martial,
which deal with less serious military offences. Additionally, legal officers provide a limited legal aid service to all members of the Forces
involving such matters as marital problems and landlord and tenant issues. Karwandy was stationed in Canada and in Germany and saw
service in Cyprus and France. In 1982, he was promoted to Brigadier General and appointed Judge Advocate General of the Canadian Forces.
He retired from the Forces in 1987 and now lives in Surrey, BC, with his wife Esther.

For further details, see R. Arthur McDonald, Canada's Military Lawyers (Ottawa: 2002).  (source: http://www.law.ubc.ca/allard/history.html,
accessed on 12 May 2014)

___________on Karwandy, Frank, see CANADIAN PRESS, "Need for discipline and order cited: Military to seek exemptions from rights charter", The Globe and Mail, 10 March 1982, at p. 8;


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____________on Karwandy, Frank, see Koring, Paul, "Soldier may lose Charter rights overseas", The Globe and Mail, 29 December 1988, at p. A9; on the homicide charge against Cpl. Pépin committed in Humgary; defence counsel was LCol Alain Ménard; the Judge-Advocatde  was Col Pierre Boutet;

excerpt only

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ProQuest Historical Newspapers
https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca...., accessed 27 May 2019

Image source: back dust jacket of: McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, x, 242 p., ISBN: 0662321928;
Frank Karwandy
___________ Orbituary, born 16 September 1927 Neidpath, Saskatchewan - died 26 September 2016, White Rock, B.C,

Brigadier General (retired) Frank Karwandy, LLB, CDQC, was born September 16, 1927 in Neidpath, Saskatchewan. He died on September 26, 2016 in White Rock, B.C.
Frank received his LLB in 1952 from the University of British Columbia, whereupon he joined the Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) in Calgary. Frank married
the love of his life, Esther Ludwig, in 1954 in her home town of Winnipeg. They had met as students at the University of British Columbia, Frank completing his law degree
and Esther her postgraduate nursing degree. In 1956 Frank and Esther returned to B.C. where Frank was called to the B.C. Bar. From May of 1956 until his retirement in 1986,
Frank served as a legal officer in Canada's armed forces. His career took Frank and Esther to Edmonton, Halifax, Fredericton, Winnipeg, and Ottawa, as well as to Soest, Germany.
In 1982, Frank was appointed to the office of Judge Advocate General and was awarded the CD Queen's Counsel. In 1987, Frank and Esther retired to White Rock, B.C. In 1994,
Brigadier General Karwandy was awarded the Special Service Medal in recognition of his service in support of NATO. Frank was predeceased by his parents, Rosina and Frank
Karwandy, his brothers John and Walter, sisters-in-law Margaret Karwandy, Ethel Ludwig and Leya Ludwig, brother-in-law Bobby Ludwig, and nieces Leone Karwandy-Hagel
and Joanie Ludwig. Frank leaves his beloved wife Esther, siblings Nick (Florence), Rose (Bill), William, Kathy (Archie), brother-in-law Jack Ludwig, many nieces, nephews,
and great-nieces and great-nephews. Frank will be remembered for his love of family and for his contribution to Canada.
 (source: http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/thestarphoenix/obituary.aspx?n=frank-karwandy&pid=181895903&fhid=5869, accessed 13 October 2016)

____________Research note: Brigadier Karwandy testified before Judge Deschênes' Commission of Inquiry on War Criminals in Canada; see article by OZIEWICZ, Stanley, "Jewish group given standing at hearings on war criminals", The Globe and Mail, 11 April 1985, at p.1; I am sure that there is a transcript of the proceedings; research note: see "testimony of Col Karwandy before the Commission of Inquiry in War Criminals chaired by the Honourable Jules Deschênes", infra

Late yesterday afternoon, Brigadier Frank Karwandy, the Judge Advocate-General of the Canadian Forces,
began the commission's examination of the role played by the army in the investigation and prosecution of
war criminals after the Second World War.   

____________Research note on 14 June 2018: see note 68 in TRUDEL, Maryse, Le paradoxe de la politique canadienne visant l'impunité des criminels de guerre, Mémoire présenté à la Faculté des études supérieures en vue de l'obtention du grade de Maîtrise en droit (L.L.M.), juin 2005, 237 p.; disponible à https://papyrus.bib.umontreal.ca/xmlui/bitstream/handle/1866/2416/11634505.PDF?sequence=1&isAllowed=y (consulté le 14 juin 2018):

68,  KARWANDY, Rapport du service d'enquête canadien no I sur les crimes de guerre, Compte rendu, vol. II, mars 1946, p. 140,
cité dans COMMISSION D'ENQUÊTE SUR LES CRIMINELS DE GUERRE [Rapport partie I: publique, 1986], op. cit., note 27, p. 27.

__________see also on KARWANDY, Brigadier-General Frank, McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at pp. 126-128 and 132, available at  103-242;

____________testimony of Col Karwandy before: PARLIAMENT, Senate of Canada, Standing Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs, Proceedings of the Subcommittee on National Defence, Tuesday, 19 May 1981 (32nd Parl., 1980-81, First Session), issue No. 17, 34 pages (Chairman: The Honourable Paul C. Lafond), witnesses before the Subcommitte were Gen R.M. Withers, Chief of the Defence Staff; MGen John P. Wolfe, Judge Advocate General, BGen R.G. Therriault, Director General, Personnel Careers Officers; and Col F. Karwandy, Deputy Judge Advocate General/Advisory, available at http://www.lareau-legal.ca/Karwandy18aa1.pdf for most of the pages and http://www.lareau-legal.ca/Karwandy18aa2.pdf for pages 19 and 31 (resolving these two pages problems); on the proposed Charter of Rights and Freedoms and the Canadian Human Rights Act and the proposed amendments; copy at the  Brian Dickson Law Library, University of Ottawa,  FTX Parliamentary Documents, CA1 YC23 F53, consulted on 28 May 2018; put on line on 29 May 2018; ALSO AVAILABLE AT http://parl.canadiana.ca/view/oop.com_SOC_3201_9_1/727?r=0&s=1 (accessed 26 August 2020);
___________témoignange du Colonel Karwandy devant: PARLEMENT, Sénat du Canada, Comité sénatorial permanent des affaires étrangères, Délibérations du sous-comité sur la Défense nationale, mardi le 19 mai 1981 (32e législature, 1980-81, Première session), fascicule no 17, 34 pages (Président L'honorable Paul C. Lafond), les témoins devant le sous-comité sont: Gén R.M. Withers, chef de l'état-major de la défense; Mgen John P. Wolfe, juge-avocat général; Bgen R.G. Therriault, directeur général, Carrièeres militaires (Officiers); et Col F. Karwandy, juge-avocat général adjoint/consultations, disponible à http://www.lareau-legal.ca/Karwandy18aa1.pdf pour la plupart des pages et http://www.lareau-legal.ca/Karwandy18aa2.pdf pour les pages 19 et 31 (corrections de erreurs pour ces deux pages); sujet: la proposée Charte des droits et libertés et la Loi canadienne sur les droits de la personne et les modifications qu'on propose d'y apporter; copie de ce document à la Bibliothèque Brian Dickson,Université d'Ottawa,  FTX Parliamentary Documents, CA1 YC23 F53, consulté le 28 mai 2018; mis en ligne le 29 mai 2018; AUSSI DISPONIBLE À http://parl.canadiana.ca/view/oop.com_SOC_3201_9_1/727?r=0&s=1 (site consulté le 26 août 2020);

___________testimony of Col Karwandy before the Commission of Inquiry on War Criminals chaired by the Honourable Jules Deschênes,  public hearings, on 10 April 1985; Brigadier-General, the Judge Advocate General (JAG) of the Canadian Forces (CF) testified about the role of the CF in "the investigation and prosecution of war criminals after the Second World War" (The Globe and Mail, 11 April 1985, at p.1); this testimony is available at http://www.lareau-law.ca/Karwandy2020Oct5.pdf (put on line on 5 November 2020);  the testimony does not talk about the prosecutions in Japan.  I would like to thank the office of  my MP, David McGuinty, Liberal, Ottawa South, his executive assistant Jenny Hooper and the Parliamentary Library staff for having provided me with an electronic copy of this testimony on 5 November 2020,

____________testimony of Colonel Karwandy before the Senate sub-committee on National Defence that eventually made its report in January 1982, see "Need for discipline and order cited Military to seek exemptions from rights charter", The Globe and Mail, 10 March 1982, at p. 8;

Col. Karwandy told senators that allies could refuse to share secrets if Canada enlisted people of any
political belief; that homosexuals are open to blackmail and could undermine morale; and that there
would be a severe risk by allowing emotionally handicapped people to have access to weapons and
explosives. ''Accordingly, there would appear to be little if any place, either now or in the future, for
a person to acquire a career in the Armed Forces who does not possess high physical, mental and
emotional qualities and capabilities.''

____________ testimony of BGen Karwandy before Standing Committee on Justice and Legal Affairs, 25 April 1985, on  Bill C-27, an Act to amend certain Acts with regard to the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedonns; deals with homosexuality etc., available at  https://parl.canadiana.ca/view/oop.com_HOC_3301_42_2/85?r=0&s=1(accessed 26 August 2020);

Image source: www.cbc.ca/ottawa/features/capitalkicks/bloggers.html, accessed 21 May 2017
Ashifa Kassam
KASSAM, Ashifa, " 'React first': Canadian army issues guide to dealing with child soldiers.  Military doctrine is first in world that attempts to help troops deal with issue that can inflict deep psychological wounds", The Guardian, 19 May 2017; available at https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2017/may/19/canadian-army-guide-dealing-child-soldiers-react-first  (accessed 21 May 2017);

KASURAK, Peter, " Civilianization and the Military Ethos: Civil-Military Relations in Canada", (1982) 25 Canadian Public Administration 108-129; title noted in my research but article not consulted yet (5 April 2018);

Photo of Peter Kasurak: http://ca.linkedin.com/pub/peter-kasurak/10/384/ab6, accessed on 10 November 2014
___________ "Concepts of Professionalism in the Canadian Army, 1946-2000: Regimentalism, Reaction, and Reform", (January 2011) 37(1) Armed Forces and Society  95-118;

During World War II the Canadian Army was a small cadre force augmented by citizen volunteers. It was a colonial institution, dependent on the
British Army for doctrine and staff training. After the war, the army became involved in a lengthy struggle to define its concept of professionalism.
Modernizers aimed for a well-educated officer corps that was integrated with other elites and able to influence national security policy.
Traditionalists wished to preserve regimental traditions and leadership based on social class. Contention between these factions resulted in stalemate,
with modern management undercut by internal politics. The result was the failure of professional norms in the 1993 Somalia operation. Subsequent
reforms have put a modern “constabulary-realist” model of professionalism in place. (source: http://afs.sagepub.com/content/37/1/95.abstract, accessed on 1 January 2012) 

KEIRSTEAD, Major Doug, Canadian Armed Forces officer who often acts as a spokeman for the OJAG; see https://twitter.com/DougKeirstead?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Eauthor (accessed 5 June 2018);


KELLY, John J.,"The Prisoner of War Camps in Canada 1939-1945, Thesis (M.A.), University of Windsor, 1977; not consulted yet, source: at p. 132 of https://harvest.usask.ca/bitstream/handle/10388/5629/Stotz_Robin_Warren_1992_sec.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y , thesis of Robin Warren Stotz, CAMP 132: A GERMAN PRISONER OF WAR CAMP IN A CANADIAN PRAIRIE COMMUNITY DURING WORLD WAR TWO, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon (accessed 5 February 2019);

KELLY, John Joseph, 1898-1952, OJAG officer;

Born at Thornhill on 20 October 1898, son of Asenath Hoskin and Daniel Kelly, he joined the Winnipeg law
firm of David Campbell following his graduation in 1922.  He became senior partner in the law firm of Kelly
and Campbell working closely with Arnold Munroe Campbell. He was made a King’s Counsel (1939). In 1949, he
filled the vacancy left by the death of William James Donovan on the Manitoba Court of King’s Bench.

A veteran of both wars, he enlisted in November 1915 serving overseas with the 90th battalion. After being
wounded twice, he returned to Canada in December 1918. He was appointed to the Judge Advocate General’s
Branch during the Second World War and served at C.M.H.Q. in London and at H.Q. 1st Canadian Army. He
retired to the reserve with the title of Lieutenant-Colonel.

Made a King’s Counsel in 1938, Kelly was a bencher and honorary secretary of the Law Society of Manitoba as
well as Vice-Chairman of the Manitoba Power Commission and secretary of the South Winnipeg Liberal Association.
He additionally served as counsel for the International Railway Unions of Canada as an officer in the Canadian
Legion. He was President of the Crescentwood River Heights Branch of the Canadian Legion and Vice-President of
the Canadian Legion for Manitoba and North-Western Ontario. President of both the Blackstone Club and the Laurier
Club, he also belonged to the Canukeena Club, St. Andrews United Church, and the Masons (Ionic Lodge).

He and his wife Violet Gertrude Earle, whom he married on 4 October 1924, shared two children: Maureen and Joan.

On 2 April 1952, he died at his home, 152 Montrose Street, in Winnipeg. He was buried in the Elmwood Cemetery.

[Read the rest at: http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/people/kelly_jj.shtml, accessed 17 October 2017; text prepared by
Sarah Ramsden and Gordon Goldsborough.]

___________on KELLY, John Joseph, Captain, was Deputy Judge Advocate, see "Renfrew Officer Promoted", The Globe and Mail, 12 March 1942, at p. 13;

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ProQuest Historical Newspapers
https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca...., accessed 25 November 2018

___________on KELLY, J.J., as civilian counsel in court martial referred to in article:  "Non-Comissioned Officers Will Be Tried at Winnipeg.   Pair Said to Have Ill-Treated Other Prisoners After Fall of Hong Kong",  Hamilton Spectator, 1946/03/04, available at https://collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5134595 (accessed 8 June 2019);

___________on KELLY, John Joseph, see "Mr. Justice Kelly", The Winnipeg Tribune, Tuesday, 23 August 1949 at p. 6; available at https://www.newspapers.com/...., accessed 22 May 2020;

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___________on KELLY, John Joseph, see his photo in The Winnipeg Tribune, 5 March 1946 at p. 5, available at https://www.newspapers.com/image/...., accessed 25 June 2020;

Image of book from books.google.ca....,
accessed 6 April 2020

___________on KELLY, John Joseph, see Dale Brawn, Paths to the bench : the judicial appointment process in Manitoba, 1870-1950, Vancouver : UBC Press, 2014, x, 296 pages, at p. 246: illustrations, portraits ; 24 cm, ISBN: .9780774826754, 0774826754;

[at p. 246]

___________on KELLY, John Joseph, see Death notice, Winnipeg Free Press, 3 April 1952, page 27; to go further see https://archives.winnipegfreepress.com/winnipeg-free-press/1952-04-03/page-27/ (accessed 6 April 2020);

____________on KELLY, John Joseph, see "Manitoba's New Judge", National Post, Toronto, 3 September 1949 at p. 6, available at https://www.newspapers.com/image/...., accessed 26 May 2020;


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___________on KELLY, John Joseph was a Puisne Judge of the Manitoba Court of King’s Bench from 10 August 1949 to 2 April 1952; see http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/people/manitobajudges.shtml (accessed 5 April 2020);

Image source: wikivisually.com/wiki/Mike_Kelly_(Australian_politician), accessed 13 October 2018
Mike Kelly
KELLY, Michael Joseph, Lieutenant-Colonel, Public Security in Peace Operations: The Interim Administration of Justice Operations and the Search for a Legal Framework, thesis submitted for the Degree of Doctorate of Philosophy in the School of Law of the University of New South Wales, 1998, xxiii, 375 leaves; available at http://classic.austlii.edu.au/au/journals/UNSWLawTD/1998/7.pdf (accessed 13 October 2018); discusses Canada;

This thesis investigates the problem of the maintenance of public security in peace
operations by military forces intervening in collapsed or disrupted States pursuant to a
UN mandate. At issue is the proper legal framework for dealing with this problem and as
a basis for the regulation of the relationship between the civil population and the
intervening force. The problem was analysed primarily by using the case study of the UN
authorised and commanded operations in Somalia between December 1992 and March
1995, including in particular the experience of the Australian forces which were present
in the Bay Province of Somalia as part of these operations. Investigation and research
was conducted in Israel, the United States and Canada. Relevant literature, cases and
documents were surveyed and utilised, including the author's personal records and
Australian Department of Defence files. Interviews were conducted with key personnel
with first hand knowledge in the Israeli Defence Force and academic communities, the
US Government, Military and NGO communities, the UN, and the Canadian Defence
establishment. Conferences were attended which analysed the Somalia experience and
aspects of the legal subject matter. The research produced relevant perspectives and
reference material to enable a proper theoretical analysis and also the range of practical
considerations to which the theory was applied. In this respect the material obtained from
the lessons of the NGO and military personnel in Somalia, and the Israeli experience in
the occupied territories was particularly instructive. It was concluded that there is a
definite need to provide a proper legal framework for interventionary operations where
military forces will be dealing with public security issues and that such interventions are
likely to continue to occur. It was further concluded that the Fourth Geneva Convention
of 1949 Relative to the Protection of Civilians can applyde jure to many such intervention
scenarios, including the Somalia operations at certain stages, and that rather
than being feared because of the obligations it imposes, it should be appreciated for the
utility it offers. In this respect the Fourth Geneva Convention is the only currently
available framework to address the identified need.

KELLY, T.R., 1925-, Major and legal officer in 1969, see Canadian Forces Officers' List (Regular), 1969, available at  https://navalandmilitarymuseum.org/sites/default/files/pdf/Navy_List_1969_March_400_dpi.pdf (accessed 17 August 2018);

___________on KELLY, T.R., Flight Lieutenant  of the AJAG office, Western Command Headquarters, Edmonton, was the assistant prosecutor in the General Court Martial referred to in the article: "Air Force Officers Face Court Martial",Calgary Herald, Saturday, 29 August 1959 at p. 17,  accessed 19 May 2020; the Judge Advocate was Commander H.G. Oliver, RCN of the OJAG; Maj Cochrane, also of the AJAG office, Western Command Headquarters, was the prosecutor;

De la gauche, Kim Carter, Jean-Gabriel Castel, et Michael
Barutciski à la conférence Castel, 15 novembre 2006.
KEMENY, Marika, agente de communication de Glendon, d’après les contributions du professeur Michael Barutciski et des étudiants de sa classe de troisième année d’études internationales, et par Meagan Ross, coordonnatrice au développement de Glendon, "L’ombudsman de la Colombie-Britannique [Kim Carter] examine le rôle du droit international humanitaire lors de la conférence Castel tenue à Glendon", disponible à  http://fricka.glendon.yorku.ca/monglendon.nsf/GLNewsReaderF/9B5290FD81981DC885257236005A7A00?OpenDocument (vérifié le 17 octobre 2016);

KEMP, Brian, "Disciplinary charges soar since the push into Afghanistan", CBC News (http://www.cbc.ca), 25 July 2008; available at http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/disciplinary-charges-soar-since-the-push-into-afghanistan-1.699842 (accessed 16 November 2015);

Source of image: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Kempt, accessed 25 September 2016
James Kempt by William Salter

KEMPT,  James, Sir, 1764-1854,  Raport du comité spécial [microforme] : auquel a été référé cette partie de la harangue de Son Excellence relative à l'organization de la milice, Neison & Cowan, 1829, microfiche number 39980 one to six, location at the Supreme Court of Canada Library: S/R1 (microforms);

KENNEDY, Mark, Althia Raj, "Government releases Afghan detainee documents", National Post, 22 June 2011, available at http://nationalpost.com/news/canada/government-poised-to-release-afghan-detainee-documents/wcm/0431d2a4-bef8-4f58-93cb-5cb72cf375cb (accessed 4 July 2017);

source: legacy.com/obituaries/ottawacitizen/obituary.aspx?page=lifestory&pid=165538851
William Kenney

KENNEY, W. J. (William Joseph), "History of Defence Legislation in Canada as it Applied to the Army", memorandum 1455-17 (Office of the Judge Advocate General), 13 June 1979, 5 pages ; copy of this memorandum can be found in research file 79/725 at the Directorate of History and Heritage (DHH), Ottawa; available at http://www.lareau-legal.ca/Kenney50.pdf (accessed 24 September 2017);

Colin Kenny, image source: http://colinkenny.ca/en/p100012 with Google Image (accessed on 23 January 2015)
KENNY, Colin, 1943-, Parliamentary Control  and National Defence: The Canadian Experience, Toronto : Canadian Institute of Strategic Studies = Institut canadien d'études stratégiques, 1998, 4 p. (series; Strategic Datalink; number 70);

Source: detail of  https://twitter.com/JAGCAF/status/1015363301172174848  (accessed 7 July 2018)
Martin Kenny

KENNY,  Martin F., Lieutenant-Colonel, lawyer, a member of the OJAG; worked for the Directorate of Law/Defence and was Counsel for Captain L.M. Paquette in the case of R. v. Captain L.M. Paquette, 1997 CanLII 17819 (CA CM), <http://canlii.ca/t/gtnsg> (accessed 10 May 2018); member of the Law Society of Newfoundfland; works at NDHQ with the OJAG at martin.kenny@forces.gc.ca Office (613) 992-1127 Cell (613) 608-8937 (information as of 2 July 2018);

___________Kenny, Martin at https://twitter.com/marty945 (accessed 1 December 2018);

___________Kenny, Martin, Lieutenant-Colonel, member of the Law Society of Newfoundland since 1993;

___________Kenny, Martin, Lieutenant-Colonel testified in the trial of R. v. White, 2006 ABQB 889 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/1q4pg>;

___________photo of KENNY,  Martin F., Lieutenant-Colonel, see " Office of the JAG @JAGCAF Nov 6 [2018 ] LCol Martin Kenny from our AJAG Atlantic office recently spoke at an #IHL panel on Detention and Prohibitions against Torture, Cruel and Unusual Punishment @SchulichLaw, #DalhousieU.", see https://twitter.com/jagcaf (accessed 9 November 2018);


___________ "Protecting International Humanitarian Agencies in a UN Chapter Six Operation" (June/Juin 2001) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 1, 4 and 7; available at http://web.archive.org/web/20050125074204/http://dev.cba.org/CBA/Sections/military/sword2001-06.pdf (accessed on 18 April 2012);
___________"Précis : La protection des organisations humanitaires dans les missions de l'ONU" (June/Juin 2001) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 1; disponible à http://web.archive.org/web/20050125074204/http://dev.cba.org/CBA/Sections/military/sword2001-06.pdf  (site visité le 18 avril 2012);

KERR, Douglas G., born in Chatham, Ontario, Wing Commander, legal officer, see biographical notes at  http://www.gatheringourheroes.ca/hero/kerr-douglas-g/ (accessed 14 October 2018);

A native of Chatham, ON. the son of the late Judge John G. Kerr. Prior to the war Douglas [Kerr] practiced law in Chatham for
fifteen years. In 1937-38 he served as an alderman in Chatham.  The husband of Alma (nee Watson), they had a daughter
born in September of 1944, CDN 4/09/40 and a son in September 1945.  CDN 12/09/45

Being stationed at St. Thomas made it easy for Douglas to get home for a weekend with his family.

Enlisting in the RCAF as a judicial officer in Eastern Air Command he presided over Courts Martial. Being stationed at
St. Thomas made it easy for Douglas to get home for a weekend with his family.  Douglas was still reported to be serving
in St. Thomas with the RCAF and was home for the weekend with his family at Erieau. CDN 3/08/42. In December 1942
he was reported stationed in Halifax, NS. when he arrived in Chatham to spend Christmas with his wife and family on
Victoria Ave. CDN 18/12/42 Flt. Lieut. Kerr was reported returning to the east coast before New Years. CDN 31/12/4

In August of 1944 he took over the chief legal position in the Command becoming Judge Advocate General a position
he held until his retirement from the service, with the rank of Wing Commander. It was reported in the CDN 12/09/42
that F/O Kerr was reassigned to duties in Halifax and after spending a week at home he departed to the east coast.

He held until this position until his retirement from the service, with the rank of Wing Commander.. CDN 29/08/45(P).

Commander Kerr resumed his civil practice of the law in Chatham in partnership with his brother Col. W. George Kerr KC.

Discharged August 17th, 1945.

____________photo of Douglas Kerr, in The Windsor Star, Tuesday, 6 December 1955 at p. 1 and available at https://www.newspapers.com/image/...., accessed 3 July 2020;

Douglas Kerr, first person on the right.

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KERR, Dylan (R.D.), Major, legal officer, member of the OJAG; photo, video-still, of Major Keer taken from  Her Majesty the Queen v. Ordinary Seaman Cawthorne and  Her Majesty the Queen v. J.G.A. Gagnon, et al.-- http://www.scc-csc.ca/case-dossier/info/webcastview-webdiffusionvue-eng.aspx?cas=36466&urlen=http%3a%2f%2fwww4.insinc.com%2fibc%2fmp%2fmd%2fopen_protected%2fc%2f486%2f1971%2f201604250510wv450en%2c001&urlfr=http%3a%2f%2fwww4.insinc.com%2fibc%2fmp%2fmd%2fopen_protected%2fc%2f486%2f1970%2f201604250510wv450en%2c001&date=2016-04-25

Major Dylan Kerr

__________on Colonel Bruce MacGregor presenting Lieutenant-Colonel Dylan Kerr to CPAC viewers after the Stillman decision of the Supreme Court of Canada, see CPAC, "Headline Politics:  Reaction to Supreme Court Ruling on Canada’s Military Justice System", circa 27 July 2019, available at http://www.cpac.ca/en/programs/headline-politics/episodes/66026163 (accessed 30 July 2019); re R. v. Stillman, 2019 SCC 40 (CanLII), <http://canlii.ca/t/j1n56>;

Colonel MacGregor, Director of Military Prosecutions, stated:

"But one thing I do want to do is introduce co-counsel Lieutenant-Colonel
Dylan Kerr who worked extensively on this case and did an extremely good
job in front of the Supreme Court in arguing this case."

KERR, Roderik, member of the JAG Branch, on, see "Transport Official in Unique Spot, May Have to Accept His Own Counsel", The Ottawa Citizen, Thursday, 2 October 1958 at p. 2;

                                                 (1)                                                                            (2)


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Source: ProQuest at https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca/....
accessed 29 April 2019

KERR, William George, 1894-1951, Lieutenant-Colonel, former OJAG member, sentenced to 7 days imprisonment for impaired driving; see "Le lieutenant-colonel Kerr condamné pour ivresse", Le devoir, Montréal, 14 juin 1943, à la p. 3, disponible à http://collections.banq.qc.ca/ark:/52327/2804972 (vérifié le 25 juillet 20178);

___________on KERR, George, Colonel, see "Courts Martial--Soldiers Are Defended by Padres at Trials in the Armories", The Windsor Star, Saturday, 1 November 1941, page 3; available at https://www.newspapers.com/...., accessed 20 June 2020;

___________on KERR, George, see "George Kerr Dead at 67", The Windsor Star, 19 December 1951 at p. 1, available at ttps://www.newspapers.com/image/...., accessed 28 June 2020;


___________on KERR, William George, see photo and notes at http://www.gatheringourheroes.ca/hero/kerr-w-george/, accessed 3 July 2020;

Lieutenant-Colonel William George Kerr, AJAG, military district
number 1, London, Ontario

"Appointed D.A.A.G. Courts Martial December 13th, 1939 left for
overseas December 26th, 1939 and served in England. Appointed
A.J.A.G. at C.M.H.Q. London, England January 1940 to February
1941. Returned to Canada and served in the same capacity at London,
Ontario. Promoted to the rank of Colonel.

Discharged July 5th, 1943"

___________on KERR, William George, Lieutenant-Colonel, see "Lt.-Col. W.G. Kerr Given 7 Days For Drunken Driving",  The Evening Citizen, Ottawa, Tuesday, 15 June 1943 at p. 22; retrieved from http://biblioottawalibrary.ca.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca/ezproxylogin?url=/docview/2337598087?accountid=46526, accessed 3 May 2020;

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____________on Col. W.G. Kerr, see "Col. W.G. Kerr", The Globe and Mail, 20 December 1951, at p. 7:

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Source: ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The Globe and Mail
accessed 24 November 2018

___________photo of W.G. Kerr in The Windsor Star, Windsor, Ontario, 21 November 1950 at p. 1, available at https://www.newspapers.com/...., accessed 28 June 2020;

Major W.G. Kerr, second from the left.

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___________research note about LCol W.G. Kerr who acted as defence counsel in a general court martial: "Col M'Intosh Reprimanded", The Globe and Mail, 1944/09/25; available at collections.museedelhistoire.ca/warclip/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5028204 (accessed 30 August 2018);

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KERTZER, Morris M., flying officer in the RCAF and two years with the JAG Branch, see "Morris Kertzer seeks election", The Ottawa Citizen, Friday, 9 November 1962;  retrieved from http://biblioottawalibrary.ca.ezproxy.biblioottawalibrary.ca/ezproxylogin?url=/docview/2338452244?accountid=46526, accessed 1 May 2020;

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___________on KERTZER, Morris M., lawyer who practiced in Ottawa, lives or lived for a while at 2294 Wildlife Way Kemptville Ontario K0G 1J0; married to Anita Kertzer; seems to be living in 2020 at 582 Juan Anasco Dr., Lonboat Key, Florida 34228; company association : Tiana Petie Corporation; still living about 90 years old! (research 11 June 2020);

KEYSERLINGK, Henry R., "A crash course on Canadian military justice", The Record (Sherbrooke), Thursday, 13 December 2001, at p. 2; available at http://numerique.banq.qc.ca/patrimoine/details/52327/2968960?docsearchtext=military%20lawyer (accessed 30 March 2018);

KIDD, James Kenneth, member of the OJAG, see obituary in The Globe and Mail, 15 November 1991, at p. D6;

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ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The Globe and Mail
accessed 5 November 2018.

Image source: sheridancollege.ca/academics/faculties/humanities-and-social-sciences/faculty-profiles/peter-kikkert, accessed 26 September 2018
Peter Kikkert

KIKKERT, Peter, "Kurt Meyer and Canadian Memory Villain and Monster, Hero and Victim or worse – a German?", Canadian Military History, (2015),  volume 21, issue 2, Article 4,  at pp. 33-44; available at https://scholars.wlu.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1653&context=cmh, accessed 26 September 2019;

Following the lead of Ralph Allen, a number of Canadians believed that Meyer should be released
because of the injustice of his trial. The Globe and Mail, which in 1946 had been one of the newspapers
calling loudest for Meyer’s blood, ran a number of editorials exploring the inadequacies of the general’s
trial. The first, entitled, “Procedure Unusual in Meyer Trial,” argued that much of the evidence used against
the general had been hearsay and inadmissible in an English Court of Law. The editorialist thought
Meyer should be given a chance to win his freedom before the Supreme Court, but acknowledged that
this would not happen for it would repudiate before the whole world the rules by which Canada judged
its war criminals.60  Another editorial, “No Time to Lose,” claimed that haste, strong passions, and the
confusion of war, may have resulted in a faulty verdict in the Meyer case.61  This writer also wanted to
give Meyer the opportunity to plead his case before the Supreme Court.
60. “Procedure Unusual in Meyer Trial,” Globe and Mail, 8 December 1951.
61. “No time to Lose,” Globe and Mail, 11 December 1951.

[at pages 39 and 44]

Photo of Guy Killaby, image source: https://www.facebook.com/pckillaby, accessed on 10 November 2014;

KILLABY, Lieutenant Commander Peter C. ("Guy Killaby"), "Books & articles of interest" (January/Janvier 2001) Sword & Scale -- Salut militaire 6-7; available at http://web.archive.org/web/200305192