Canadian Military Law/
Droit militaire canadien

updated and corrections / mise à jour et corrections: 2 June 2018
By/par © François Lareau, 1998-, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada


Image source: youtube.com/watch?v=gM2Vkfeh1eA, accessed 3 May 2017
Ah les crocodiles
Ah ! Les crocrocro, les crocrocro, les crocodiles
Sur les bords du Nil, ils sont partis n'en parlons plus


Part I -- Superseded Legislation  (under construction) /
               Législation désuète (en développement) 

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Other sites on military law

-Part I -- Canadian Military Law -- Miscellaneous

Blog

- Somalia Inquiry & Government Reaction
      -  1995-1997: Somalia Inquiry
      - 
Departmental Reaction to Somalia Inquiry
      -  Special Advisory Group on Military Justice and Military Police Investigation Services
          January 1997 to July 1997
     
-  The Special Senate Committee on the Canadian Airborne Regiment in Somalia (April 1997)
      - 
Report to the Prime Minister on the Leadership and Management of the Canadian Forces (March 1997)
        - 
Minister's Monitoring Committee on Change in the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces (October 1997 to 1999)
         -
Bill C-25--An Act to amend the National Defence Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts
        
(Royal Assent, 10 December 1998)
       -
2003 -- Five Year Review of Bill C-25
       - 2011 -- Second Five Year Review of Bill C-25    
         

Governments Bills 1999-2012 on National Defence Act

- Current Affairs -- Sexual Misconduct

- Court Martial Comprehensive Review 2016-2017

- JAG & DND Web Sites

- Laws, Regulations and Orders

-
Superseded Legislation

- Web Sites of Interest


Part II -- Canadian Military Law -- Bibliography
 A-B--C-D--E-G--H-L--M-R--S-Z

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Starting here:


Superseded Legislation  (under construction) /
Législation désuète (en développement)



Militia -- Lower Canada /
Milice  -- Bas Canada





George the Third, King of Great-Britain, France and Ireland, &c. [microform] : an act passed in the second sessions of the Legislature of Lower-Canada in the trirty [sic]-fourth year of His Majesty's reign, to provide for the greater security of this province by regulating the militia thereof, &c. (31st May 1794)
, (1794), available at http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_38211  (accessed on 20 January 2012);



 LOWER CANADA, Legislature, House of Assembly,
  Report of the special committee, to whom was referred that part of His Excellency's speech which referred to the organization of the militia [microform],  [Quebec? : s.n.], 1829 (Quebec : Neilson and Cowan). 5 microfiches (121 fr.); Published also in French under title: Rapport du comité spécial auque a été référé cette partie de la harangue de Son Excellence relative à l'organization [sic] de la milice.; "Ordered by the Assembly to be printed, the 28th February 1829.ISBN 0665639406; cp[y at University of Ottawa, MRT, 1sr floor, CIHM no. 63940;


Notice: the undersigned commissioners for executing an act passed in the last session of the Provincial Parliament of Lower Canada, entitled "An Act to grant an annuity to such Militia-men as were wounded"
, (1815) available at (accessed on 30 November 2015);




An Act to amend, and reduce into one Act, the militia Laws of this Province
, passed 6th March 1838, available at http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_46113 (accessed on 19 January 2012);


Ordinances made and passed by the governor and Legislative Council of the province of Quebec, for better regulating the militia of this province : anno vicesimo septimo & vicesimo nono, Georgii IIIQuebec : P.E. Desbarats, 1827;
CIHM/ICMH digital series, no. 9_02046 ;


Rules and articles for the better government of the Militia of the province of Lower-Canada, when embodied for service
, Québec : Printed by P. E. Desbarats, Law Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty, 1812., [2], 149 p., 1 fold. plate; copy at the Toronto Public Library;



Rules and regulations for the formation, exercise & movements of the militia of lower Canada: published by order of His Excellency the Commander in Chief
, Quebec,  1812, available at http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_40474 (accessed on 19 January 2012);
 

Rules and regulations for the formation, exercise & movements of the militia of lower Canada: published by order of His Excellency the Commander in Chief, Quebec: Printed by order of His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor, 1804, available at http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_40266 accessed on 19 January 2012); in French also: Règles et règlemens pour la formation, l'exercice et mouvements de la milice de Bas-Canada1804, Microform , 1 microfiche (42 images), copy at Toronto Public Library, FILM F CIHM 48138;


Militia -- Upper Canada /
Milice -- Bas Canada

An Act to extend the provisions of an Act passed in the forty-eight year of His Majesty's reign, intituled  "An Act  to explain, amend and reduce to one act of Parliament the several laws now in being for the rasiing and training the militia of this province": passed 6th March  1812, (1812), available at http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_91049 (accessed on 20 January 2012);


An Act to amend, and reduce into one Act, the militia Laws of this Province
, passed 6th March 1838, available at http://books.google.ca/books?id=FGQvAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA24&dq=intitle:militia+intitle:act&hl=en&sa=X&ei=LgQYT5fqEoLs0gGzjMG1Cw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=intitle%3Amilitia%20intitle%3Aact&f=false and http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_46113 (accessed on 19 January 2012);


An Act to repeal, alter and amend the militia laws of this Province, passed 11th May 1839, available at http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_46077 (accessed on 19 January 2012);


Militia -- Province of Canada (1840-1867) /
Milice  -- Province du Canada (1840-1867)

Acte pour abroger certaines lois y mentionnées pour mieux pourvoir à la défense de cette province et pour en régler la milice, Imprimé par Stewart Derbishire & George Desbarats, 1846, 32 p.;

An act to repeal certain laws therein mentioned: to provide for the better defence of this province and to regulate the militia thereof,
Printed by Stewart Derbishire & George Desbarats, 1846, 35 p., available at (accessed on 20 January 2012);





An Act to Regulate the militia of this province , and to repeal the Acts now in Force for that Purpose,
1855, available at http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_47768 (accessed on 19 January 2012);
Bill: acte pour régler la milice de cette province et pour abroger les actes en force à cette fin
,
S. Derbishire and G. Desbarats, 1855,  23 p.;




An Act respecting the militia: extracted from the consolidated statutes of Canada, proclaimed and published under the authority of the Act, 22 Vict., chapter 29, 1859 (1860); available at  http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_46581  and http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_46582 (accessed on 20 January 2012);


Militia general order: active force  (1863), available at http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_49178  (accessed on 20 January 2012);




An Act respecting the militia
, 27 Vict., chapter 2 (1863), available at http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_46103 (accessed on 19 January 2012);



An Act respecting the militia
= Acte concernant la milice (1863), available at http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_46583  and http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_46588 (accessed on 19 January 2012);



An Act respecting the Volunteer Militia
, 27 Vict., chapter 3 (1863), available at http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_44244 (accessed on 25 February 2012);




An Act respecting the Volunteer Militia
(1863) =  Acte concernant la milice volontaire (1863), available at http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_46588 (accessed on 25 February 2012);

An Act further amend an Act respecting the militia, 29 Vict., chapter 6 (1865), available at http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_46289 (accessed on 19 January 2012);




An Act to amend an Act respecting the volunteer force
, 28-29 Vict, chapter 12 (1866), available at http://www.archive.org/details/cihm_46114 (accessed on 19 January 2012);


Consolidated statutes respecting the militia: approved by Proclamation of His Excellency The Governor General: 22 Vict. cap 35,  Toronto : S. Derbishire and G. Desbarats, 1859 , CIHM/ICMH  Digital series no. 9_01452; Early  Canadiana on line; available at http://eco.canadiana.ca/view/1?r=0&s=1 (accessed on 16 July 2012);


Militia general order: active force
, Quebec: G. Desbarats and M. Cameron, 1863; available at https://archive.org/details/cihm_49178  (accessed 13 February 2015);



Rapport sur l'état de la milice de la province présenté aux deux chambres par ordre de son excellence le Gouverneur général, Toronto, imprimé par S. Derbishire et G. Desbarats, 1857, disponible à https://archive.org/details/rapportsurltat00cana (consulté le 27 novembre 2017);




Regulations respecting the volunteer militia, Ottawa, 1866; available at https://archive.org/details/cihm_23376 (accessed 13 February 2015);


Militia for Canada (1867-1950) /
Milice du Canada (1867-1950)


  This is a complex area of Canadian military law.  It helps to read some documents that summarize this topic:

Image source: legacy.com/obituaries/ottawacitizen/obituary.aspx?page=lifestory&pid=165538851
William Kenney
Some assistance on this arcane subject from Bill Kenney, former JAG Librarian: KENNEY, W. J. (William Joseph),
"History of Defence Legislation in Canada as it Applied to the Army", memorandum 1455-17 (Office of the Judge
Advocate General), 13 June 1979, 5 pages ; copy of this memorandum can be found in research file 79/725 at the
Directorate of History and Heritage (DHH), Ottawa; available at http://www.lareau-legal.ca/Kenney50.pdf (accessed 24 September 2017);



Some assistance  from the former NDHQ/ Directorate of History:
 a 1979 document from NDHQ/DHist (National Defence Headquarters /Directorate of History):
NATIONAL DEFENCE HEADQUARTERS, Directorate of History, "Military Publications -- The Canadian
Army [laws, regulations and orders]", Ottawa, 6 June 1979, 1 p.; since 1996, that NDHQ Directorate of
History is now known as  the Directorate of History and Heritage (DHH); DHH's 's research
facilities are open to the public (certain days and hours) and are located on the 2nd floor of the Colonel
Charles P. Stacey Building, 2429 Holly Lane, Ottawa, Ontario; copy of this 1 p. document is from
research file 79/725 at these research facilities; available online at http://www.lareau-legal.ca/DHist1.pdf (accessed on 28 September 2017);



Army Act 1881, 1881(44 & 45 Vict.) C. 58, United Kingdom Statutes, available at https://www.scribd.com/document/319343930/Army-Act-1881 (accessed 28 September 2017); the long title of the Army Act is An Act to consolidate the Army Discipline and Regulation Act, 1879; and the subsequent Acts amending the same


The Army (Annual) Act, 1913, from the United Kingdom Statutes, available at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015031059614;view=1up;seq=391 (accessed 15 January 2016);


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An Act respecting the Militia and Defence of the Dominion of Canada
, 31 Vict., Cap. 40, 1868, available at http://books.google.ca/books?id=C0EUAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA63&dq=%22An+Act+respecting+the+Militia+and+Defence+of+the+Dominion+of+Canada
%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=NskMT4GIBo610QGpwbDVBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22An%20Act%20respecting%20the%20Militia%20and%20Defence%20of%20the%20Dominion%20of%20Canada%22&f=false
(accessed on 10 January 2012) / Acte concernant la Milice et la Défense de la Puissance du Canada, 31 Vict., Cap. 40, 1868, disponible à http://www.lareau-legal.ca/Milice1868.pdf (vérifié le 11 janvier 2012);




An Act Consolidating and Amending the Several Acts Relating to the Militia and Defence of the Dominion of Canada respecting the Militia and Defence of the Dominion of Canada
, 1883, S.C. 1883, c. 11 (under s. 100, the short title was The Consolidated Militia Act of 1883; see books.google.ca/books?redir_esc=y&id=aGpFAQAAMAAJ&dq=an+act+consolidating+and+amending+the+several+acts+relating+to+the+militia&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=an+act+consolidating+and+amending+the+several+acts+relating+to+the+militia (accessed 21 September 2017); available at https://books.google.ca/books?id=9Jg_AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA461&dq=%22an+act+consolidating+and+amending+the+several+acts+relating+to+the+militia%22+1883&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22an%20act%20consolidating%20and%20amending%20the%20several%20acts%20relating%20to%20the%20Militia%22%20&f=false and see at p. 61 (accessed 21 September 2017);


An Act respecting the Militia and Defence of Canada, Revised Statutes of Canada, 1906, chapter 41 (see p. 669 of volume 2), available at http://ia700304.us.archive.org//load_djvu_applet.php?file=19/items/revisedstatutes03canagoog/revisedstatutes03canagoog.djvu (accessed on 11 January 2012);




PDF Militia Act, R.S.C. 1927, c. 132 /  PDF  Loi de milice, S.R.C. 1927, c. 132  (mis en ligne le 29 janvier 2012);


-------- image supplied by Dale Cournoyer Books (Victoria, B.C.); add on Abebooks

Army Act (British) in Manual of Military Law (1907), London: H.M.S.O, available at  https://archive.org/details/manualofmilitary00greauoft (accessed on 3 December 2013);

.

Canadian Expeditionary Force Study Group - "The Matrix Project" -- Legal Documents


Extracts from Canadian Army overseas routine orders, volumes I, II and III : overseas R.O. 1-2400, 1943, London : Canadian Military Headquarters, 1943, 20 Aug. 1943 ed., 288 pages : illustrations ; 34 cm, OCLC Number: 506083855; copy at Canadian War Museum;


Extraits de l'Army Act (loi de l'armě): articles 1 a 75, traitant de la discipline en general, avec les modifications no 1 a 29 = Extracts from the Army Act: sections 1 to 75 (army discipline) (with amendments 1-29), 1942, OCLC Number: 506015429; prepared in Canada; copy at Canadian War Museum;  

King's regulations and orders for the Militia of Canada (The), 1904, copy at the War Museum Library, call number: REF TECH UB 508 K5 1904; other titles for this publication are: Regulations and orders for the Militia of the Dominion of Canada; Regulations and orders for the active Militia; and Queen's regulations and orders;


King's regulations and orders for Canadian militia 1910, Ottawa : [King's Printer?], 1910, xiii, 378 p., 22 cm; copy at York University, Osgoode Hall Law School, Law Library, call  number: KF 7305 C37 1910); copy at Kingston University; copy at CWM LIBRARY / BIBLIOTHÈQUE DU MCG : REF TECH UB 508 K5 1910;




The King's Regulations and Orders for the Canadian Militia, 1917,  available at http://archive.org/details/KRO1917  (accessed on 11 May 2012); also available at http://www.electriccanadian.com/forces/KRO1917_text.pdf (accessed 15 August 2017); also available at https://archive.org/stream/KRO1917/KRO1917_djvu.txt (accessed 22 September 2017);

This is a very rare book that is fundamental to researchers studying the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War (World War One, WWI). Adapted from the British King's Regulations and Orders, this is the legal document that set the stage for the development of Canadian Militia Units at the start fo the Great War.

This is the first in a series of Great War reference documents to be posted to the Internet Archives as part of the work of the Canadian Expeditionary Force Study Group (http://www.cefresearch.com/phpBB2/). For additional information, please contact Richard Laughton at http://cefresearch.com/matrix/Utilities/contact.htm


The King's regulations and orders for the Canadian Militia
, 1926, Ottawa : [Canadian Army], 1926, 8, 477 p.; copy at Library and Archives Canada; copy at the War Museum Library,
call number: REF TECH UB 508 K5 1926; see https://books.google.ca/books/about/The_King_s_Regulations_and_Orders_for_th.html?id=ibFFuAAACAAJ&redir_esc=y (accessed 22 September 2017);


---------- image source: www.abebooks.com

The King's regulations and orders for the Canadian  Militia, 1939, Ottawa: [Canadian Army], 1939, 409 p.; notes: Loose-leaf for updating; copy at National Library; McGill University  etc; copy at Canadian War Museum Library, REF TECH UB 508 K5 1939; available at  https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uc1.$b72623;view=1up;seq=448 (accessed 22 September 2017);


The King’s Regulations and Orders for the Canadian Army 1939 (as authorized by Order in Council PC 2974 dated 29 Nov 1938, with amendments No. 1 dated 1 Apr 1939 to No. 137 dated 10 Jan 1949 inclusive). Ottawa: Edmond Cloutier, King’s Printer and Controller of Stationery, 1947. (N.B. originally entitled King’s Regulations and Orders for the Canadian Militia 1939, until it was renamed pursuant to Amendment No. 88 dated 30 Oct 1946);


Military Service Acts, [Ottawa] : [King's Printer], [date of publication not identified], 1 volume (various pagings) ; 25 cm,  Notes: Acts covering period : 1922 - 1946.  Spine title: Military Service Acts.  OCLC Number: 506079158; copy at Canadian War Museum; 



Ordonnances et règlements royaux applicables à l'armée canadienne, 1939 : avec les modificatifs au 1er août 1941, Ottawa : E. Cloutier, imprimeur du roi, 1942,  xxx, 423 p.; 24 cm; notes: "Traduit de l'anglais en décembre 1941, sous la direction du chef de l'état-major général".
Comprend un index; copie à la Bibliothèque du Barreau de Montréal (KE 6848 A33 O657 1942)  et à celle de Québec (KE 6800 A31 1942), voir https://biblio.caij.qc.ca/recherche#q=%40sujet%3D%22Military%20law%20--%20Canada%22&first=20&t=biblio&sort=relevancy&m=detailed&bp=results (consulté le 25 septembre 2017);


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Règlements et ordonnances à l'usage de la milice du Canada
(1887), 387 p., disponible à http://www.archive.org/details/rglementsetord00cana (vérifié le 20 décembre 2011); also available at http://images.ourontario.ca/Partners/cbpl/CBPL1041371T.PDF (accessed 30 October 2017); 





Règlements et ordres pour la milice active les écoles d'instruction militaire et la milice de réserve (dans les cas y mentionnés), de la puissance du Canada: adoptés par le

gouverneur en conseil, le 4 mars 1870, et publiés dans la gazette du Canada, le 12 mars 1870, Ottawa : G.E. Desbarats, 1870; disponible à http://archive.org/details/cihm_93380
vérifié le 20 juin 2012); aussi disponible à (consulté le 21 Novembre 2017)




For a list of amendments on "Militia and Defense" from 1867 to 1914, see Blight, Harris H., The Dominion Law Index  (https://archive.org/details/cu31924018095814) at pp. 304-305; 














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Images from ebay
Regulations and orders for the active militia, the schools of military instruction, and the reserve militia (in the cases therein mentioned), of the Dominion of Canada [microform] : adopted by the Governor

in Council, 4th March, 1870, and published in the official gazette, 12th March, 1870, Ottawa : G.E. Desbarats, 1870; available at http://archive.org/details/cihm_93379 (accessed on 20 June 2012);



Regulations and orders for the militia of the Dominion of Canada, 1879: 3 copies;  1883, 2 copies;  1887, 3 copies , Last received issue 1879:c.3 - [ 26/04/17 ]; copy  at the CWM (Canadian War Museum)  LIBRARY / BIBLIOTHÈQUE DU MCG  (Musée canadien de la guerre):RARE UB 508 R44; for the 1879 edition there is also a copy at the Law Society of Upper Canada, Great Library--See Reference Staff (Riddell Room), KF 7330 C36 1879;

Image source:  http://eco.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.9_01952/3?r=0&s=1, accessed 21 September 2017
Regulations and orders for the militia of the Dominion of Canada, 1st September, 1883
, Ottawa : B. Chamberlin, 1883,  [ii], 318 p., forms, 13 cm; CIHM/ICMH  Digital series no. 9_01952;  notes: "Approved by the Governor in Council, 17th December, 1883 and published in the 'Canada Gazette' of 22nd December, 1883";  available at http://eco.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.9_01952/3?r=0&s=1  in the Early Canadiana Online Collection; (accessed 7 March 2015);




Regulations and orders for the militia of the Dominion of Canada, 1st September, 1887
, Ottawa : B. Chamberlin, 1887,  378 p., forms, 14 cm; CIHM/ICMH  Digital series no. 9_01951; available at http://images.ourontario.ca/Partners/cbpl/CBPL1041371T.PDF (accessed 13 December 2017);



Image source: www.google.com -- image search

CANADIAN ARMY, Extracts from Manual of Military Law, 1929: Reprinted for Use in the Canadian Army, 1941 (Reprinted in Canada February, 1941, by the permission of the Controller, His Majesty's Stationery Office) Ottawa: Edmond Cloutier, King's Printer, 1943, 1 v. (various pagings); copy at the Library and Archives Canada; copy at the University of Ottawa, Fauteux  UB 505 .A2 1943;
PDF
- Table of Contents;
- Index;
- pp. i-viii and 1-256;
- pp. 426-606;
- pp. 611-794;
- pp. 908-1068A (Index)
 
FRANÇAIS :
ARMÉE CANADIENNE, Extraits du Manuel de Droit militaire 1929 - Nouveau tirage à l'intention de l'armée canadienne 1941 (nouveau tirage fait au Canada, comportant les modificatifs 1 à 31, en avril 1943, avec l'autorisation du contrôeur du Bureau de papeterie de Sa Majesté), Ottawa: Edmond Cloutier, Imprimeur de la Reine, 1943, pagination multiple; note sur la copie couverture: "Traduit de l'anglais sous la direction du chef d'état-major général Canada"; copie à la Bibliothèque et Archives Canada; copie à l'Univertsité d'Ottawa, UB 505 .A25 1943;
PDF
- Table des matières;
- Index;
- pp. i-viii et 1-256;
- pp. 426-605;
- pp. 611-794;
- pp. 908-1062 (Index);


source: https://archive.org/details/governmentpublications?&and[]=t%20defence

Defence of Canada Regulations (Consolidation) 1940, Ottawa: King's Printer, 1940; available at https://archive.org/details/defenceofcanadar1940cana   (accessed 12 May 2015);

DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL WAR SERVICES, National war services regulations, 1940 (recruits):  (consolidation 1941), Ottawa : Dept. of National War Services : Edmond Cloutier, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty, 1941,  28, 28 p. ; 23 cm.; notes:  "Approved by Order in Council P.C. 1822 of March 18th, 1941"; "Text in English and French; French text on inverted pages"; copy at National Library;
FRANÇAIS :
MINISTÈRE DES SERVICES NATIONAUX DE GUERRE, Règlements de 1940 sur les services nationaux de guerre: (codification de 1941), Ottawa : Ministère des services nationaux de guerre :  Edmond Cloutier, Imprimeur de Sa très excellente majesté le roi, 1941, 28, 28 p.; 23 cm.;  notes: "Approuvés par l'Arrêté-en-Conseil C.P. 1822, en date du 18 mars 1941."; " Textes français et anglais disposés tête-bêche";


Canada Military Service Council, Loi du Service Militaire, 1917; manual pour l'information et la gouverne des tribunaux dans leurs délibérations et revision des demandes d'exemption, 1918, 119 p. 8vo;



Military Service Act 1917
, available at http://www.archive.org/details/MilitaryServiceAct1917canada (accessed on 29 February 2012);


New Defence Bill, [Canada : s.n., 1902?], 12 p. ; 28 cm., OCLC Number: 1007737462; copy at Archives and Library Canada; title noted on 21 May 2018;


Proclamations and Orders in Council Relating to the War (1939-1845), available at https://archive.org/details/governmentpublications?and[]=subject%3A%22War+and+emergency+legislation%22 (accessed 29 August 2016);

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Department of National Defence  /
Ministère de la Défense nationale

Department of National Defence Act, 1923;

PDF Department of National Defence Act, R.S.C. 1927, c. 136 / PDF Loi du ministère de la Défense nationale, S.R.C. 1927, ch. 136;
 

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Royal Canadian Air Force /
Corps d'aviation royal canadien

Some assistance  from the former NDHQ/Directorate of History:
 A 1979 document: NATIONAL DEFENCE HEADQUARTERS, Directorate of History,
"Military Publications -- The Royal Canadian Air Force [laws, regulations and orders]", 12 June 1979, 1 p.;
since 1996, that NDHQ Directorate of History is now known as  the Directorate of History and Heritage
(DHH) ; this directorate's research facilities are open to the public (certain days and hours) and are
located on the 2nd floor of the Colonel Charles P. Stacey Building, 2429 Holly Lane, Ottawa, Ontario;
copy of this 1 p. document is from research file 79/725 at these research facilities; available online at
http://www.lareau-legal.ca/DHist2.pdf (accessed on 26 September 2017);    


Extracts from the manual of Air Force Law: Canadian consolidation, prepared for use in the Royal Canadian Air force, Ottawa : King’s Printer, 1944, 984 p. in various pagings ;  23 cm..(series; ( Canadian air publication (C.A.P.) ; no. 3.); copy at Dalhousie Law Library; also copy at Canadian War Museum LIBRARY / BIBLIOTHÈQUE DU MCG : REF TECH UB 507.A53 E9 1944; NOTES: "... referred to as M.A.F.L. (Can.)."--Foreword.  "... consolidation ... under the general direction of  Brigadier R.J. Orde."--Foreword;


Regulations for the Canadian air force and the Air board act : (cap. 10, Geo. V, c.11), August 31, 1920, Ottawa : Government printing bureau, 1920, 196 p., copy at Toronto Public Library, Reference S-MR, 358.9 C12; 

 
 

King's regulations for the Royal Canadian Air Force, 1924, [Ottawa :King's Printer], 1941, 493 p.; notes: "Reprinted 1941 with amendments up to and including A.F.G.O. No. 42/1941.";

Contents
Contents Part I. I. Organization – II. Duties of commanders, inspections and confidential reports – III-V. [Blank] – VI. Officers: Appointments, promotions, rank, command and precedence, tenure, exchange, transfer, secondment, retirement and resignation – VII. Airmen: Enlistment, engagements, service, precedence, promotion, transfer and discharge – VIII. Discipline – IX. Courts Martial – X. Courts of inquiry, committees and boards – XI. Training – XII. General duties and miscellaneous provisions – XIII. Works services and precautions against fire – XIV. Allotment and occupation of quarters – XV. Medical – XVI. Music services – XVII. Messes – XVIII. Service institutes – XIX. Leave of absence and passes – XX. Movements of Air Force baggage and stores – XXI. Dress, clothing, and equipment – XXII. Medals and decorations – XXIII. Ceremonial – XXIV. Office work, correspondence, documents, returns, books and records – XXV. Care and maintenance of aeroplanes and motor transport – Part II. I. Application of regulations – II. Application of Air Force Act and rules of procedure to the Royal Canadian Air Force – Appendices.  (source: IRC catalogue)

PDF  Royal Canadian Air Force Act, S.C., 1940, c. 15 PDF Loi sur le Corps d'aviation royal canadien, S.C. 1940, ch. 15;  (mis en ligne le 23 janvier 2012);

ROYAL CANADIAN AIR FORCE, The Queen's regulations and orders for the Royal Canadian Air Force, Ottawa : Royal Canadian Air Force, [19--]; NOTES: Includes Amendments.  Vol. 1 -- Administration : Vol. II -- Disciplinary : Vol. III -- Financial; copy at the Canadian War Museum, Hartland Molson Library, call number: 1-3 UG 635 C2 A13 1952;


ROYAL CANADIAN AIR FORCE, Air force administrative orders, [Ottawa : Queen's Printer, 1958-1964], 5 v. (various pagings) ; 28 cm., CWM LIBRARY / BIBLIOTHÈQUE DU MCG : REF TECH UG 635 C3 A26 1958-1964, volume 1 to 5;.  

------

 

Royal Canadian Navy (4 May 1910-1 February 1968)

Some assistance  from the former NDHQ/Directorate of History:
 a 1979 document: NATIONAL DEFENCE HEADQUARTERS, Directorate of History,
"Military Publications -- The Royal Canadian Navy [laws, regulations and orders]", 30 May 1979, 2 p.;
since 1996, that NDHQ Directorate of History is now known as  the Directorate of History and Heritage
(DHH) ; this directorate's research facilities are open to the public (certain days and hours) and are
located on the 2nd floor of the Colonel Charles P. Stacey Building, 2429 Holly Lane, Ottawa, Ontario;
copy of this 2 p. document is from research file 79/725 at these research facilities; available online at
 http://www.lareau-legal.ca/DHist3.pdf (accessed on 26 September 2017);


Some excellent intellectual help from Sarty, Roger, "The Naval Service Act", The Canadian Encyclopedia, available at
http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/en/article/naval-service-act/  (accessed 26 September 2017) -- note: includes a "suggested
reading bibliographty

 

The Naval Discipline Act, 1866 and the Acts in amendment thereof passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom; its application to Canada was repealed by the Naval Service Act, 1944 section 122;


The Naval Discipline (Dominion Naval Forces) Act, 1911 passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom; its application to Canada was repealed by the Naval Service Act, 1944 section 122;


The Naval Service Act, 1910,

An Act respecting the Naval Service of Canada : Bill 95 // Canada,  An Act respecting the Naval Service of Canada :  Bill 95, At head of title: 2nd Session, 11th Parliament, 9-10,  Edward VII., 1909-10, Stewart Collection,
copy at the Canadian War Museum, Hartland Molson Library/Musée canadien de la guerre, Bibliothèque Hartland Molson, call number: FOLIO VB 370 C36 1910;


The Naval Service Act
, 1927 Revised Statutes of Canada, chapter 139; its application to Canada was repealed by the Naval Service Act, 1944 section 122;


The Naval Service Act, 1944, Statutes of Canada, 1944-45, chapter 23, in force 15 October 1945, see Canada Gazette, vol. 79, p. 4487 / Loi de 1944 sur le service naval, Statuts du Canada, 1944-45, chapitre 23, en vigueur le 15 octobre 1945, voir la Gazette du Canada, vol. 79, p. 4553;

"This Act replaces The Naval Service Act, chapter 139  of the Revised statutes of Canada, 1927, and The Naval
Discipline Act, 1866, of the United Kingdom in so far as the latter applied to Canada."
[http://amicus.collectionscanada.ca/aaweb-bin/aamain/itemdisp?sessionKey=1506531031052_142_78_200_14&l=0&lvl=1&v=0&itm=43831376&rt=1&bill=1]


ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY,  The King’s Regulations and Admiralty Instructions for the Government of His Majesty’s Naval Service: reprinted for use H.M. Canadian Naval Forces, 2 volumes, Ottawa, 1942;


ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY,  Uniform Royal Canadian Navy, Ottawa : Queen's Printer, 1954-;


Note: The King's Regulations and Admiralty Instructions of the United Kingdom;  its application to Canada was repealed by the Naval Service Act, 1944 section 122;


Regulations and instructions for the Royal Canadian Navy, reprint 1942 : with corrected complete index and with all amendments up to and including 31 December, 1941 / Dept. of National Defence, Ottawa : E. Cloutier, Printer to the King, 1942, 291 p., 25 cm;

Regulations and instructions for the Royal Canadian Navy, 1940, Ottawa : J.O. Patenaude, I.S.O., Printer to the King, 1940; copy at Library and Archives Canada;

Regulations and instructions for the Royal Canadian Navy,  Ottawa : E. Cloutier, Printer to the King, 1940; copy at Library and Archives Canada;

------

National Defence Act (since 1950) /
Loi sur la défense canadienne (depuis 1950)



Brooke Claxton

CLAXTON, Brooke,  House of Commons:

statement before firts reading of Bill No. 133, respecting national defence, 18 April 1950, available at https://www.lipad.ca/search/?q=National+Defence+Act+other+place&pol=&par=&sd_year=1948&sd_month=1&sd_day=1&ed_year=1950&ed_month=5&ed_day=23 (accessed 2 June 2018):

I should like to call the attention .of the committee to the fact that the defence bill alone is the largest single measure to be put before
parliament since the session National Defence of 1934. I do not believe that many of its provisions are controversial. Certainly when
it was discussed-and it was thoroughly discussed in the other place last session- it was not evident that there was much in it that was
the subject of controversy. What we would want to do would be to see that the measure received detailed consideration and we would
hope that, in consequence of that consideration, the measure might be substantially improved. While it has had, as I have indicated,
extensive consideration in the department, also by officers of the crown and by a committee and the chamber itself in the other place,
there is still room for improvement in this bill. Our hope would be that we would work together to make it the best possible piece of
legislation of its kind to be found anywhere. In its preparation we have had the advantage of similar work being carried on in the United
States and in the United Kingdom. In the United Kingdom a committee called the Lewis committee was set up to report on proposed
changes in court martial procedure. In the United States there was also a committee set up which resulted in legislation being proposed
which is still before the courts. We have had the advantage of considering both the report of the Lewis committee in the United Kingdom
and the steps that have been taken in the United States. This bill, in its preparation, I think has gone through no less than some eleven
complete redrafts and has been subjected to examination not only by the legal advisers of the department but also by senior officers in
the services; and on a number-of occasions it has received the consideration of the chiefs of staff committee. It was considered by a
special subcommittee of the cabinet, and I think I myself have been through five or six of the drafts completely. While the bill has had
that study, I again emphasize the fact that we do not think it is perfect; and we would hope that hon. members would sit down with us
and endeavour to make every possible necessary change in it. The purpose of the legislation is far more than simply to consolidate existing
defence measures. The purposes are: (1) to include in one statute all legislation relating to the Department of National Defence and the
Canadian forces; (2) to have a single code of service discipline so that sailors, soldiers and airmen will be subject to the same law; (3) to
make all legislation applicable to service personnel Canadian legislation; (4) to obtain uniformity in the administration of service justice;
National Defence (5) to provide a right of appeal from the findings and sentences of courts martial; (6) to abolish field general courts martial;
(7) to provide for a new trial on the discovery of new evidence; (8) to provide in the administration of the department more efficient and
expeditious means for the transaction of routine business: (9) to establish the position and functions of the chiefs of staff; (10) to abolish,
as obsolete, provisions for levee en masse and enrolment by ballot; and (11) to authorize the employment of regular forces to meet a national
disaster, such as a major flood, and to permit the use of reserve forces for these purposes. This measure, which will be introduced once the
resolution is carried and the bill receives first reading, contains all the amendments made in the other place, and a number of minor technical
changes proposed by the legal advisers of the government and of the department in consequence of subsequent study. However, these are
not matters of substance, and can be explained in detail when the bill is before the committee. I do ask the committee now if they would not
agree to receive first reading of the bill so that it can be distributed. Our hope would be that for the reasons I have given there would not be
too extensive a debate and we might proceed to the setting up of the committee before the session gets too well advanced, so ' that this very
 important bit of legislation can receive consideration at this session of parliament.



-------

second reading of Bill No. 133, respecting national defence, 16 May 1950, available at https://www.lipad.ca/full/1950/05/16/6/#1601558 (accessed 2 June 2018):

1 do not wish to delay the house further in its consideration of this measure beyond making a few remarks to outline the history of
this type of legislation. The first Militia Act of Canada was passed in 1868, the year after confederation, as chapter 40 of the statutes
of that year. The act has been revised on a number of occasions but there has been very little substantial change. The present Militia
Act is chapter 132 of the revised statutes of 1927. The antiquity of the measure may be appreciated when I recall that, until the
passage of an amendment that I introduced in 1947, the Militia Act referred to pack animals but made no mention of aircraft.
The Militia Act in its present form does not contain a code of discipline for the Canadian army but by reference incorporates into
Canadian law the Army Act of the United Kingdom.

Turning to the legislation relative to the navy, the first Naval Service Act was passed in 1910 as chapter 43 of the statutes of that
year. It remained in substantially the same form in which it was passed until 1944 when, by chapter 23 of the statutes of that year,
a completely new act was passed. That statute introduced a Canadian naval disciplinary code. This was the first Canadian code to
apply to one of the three armed services, and it has been used as the basis for drafting many of the provisions of the present bill.

The first legislation dealing specifically with the air force was the Air Board Act of 1919, later known as the Aeronautics Act.
This act dealt with both civil and military aviation. The expanded activities of the Royal Canadian Air Force in the late war
resulted in the enactment of the Royal Canadian Air Force Act in 1940. Unlike the Naval Service Act, but following the
precedent of the Militia Act, this act contained no disciplinary code. As in the case of the Canadian army, discipline in the
air force is governed by the Air Force Act of the United Kingdom which was made a part of air force law by incorporation.

Under the Militia Act, the Naval Service Act and the Air Board Act each of the Canadian forces was administered separately.
The department of militia and defence dealt with the army, the department of naval service with the navy, and the air board
with the air force. In 1922 the Department of National Defence Act was passed creating a new department to deal with the
hree services. This act was chapter 34 of the statutes of 1922, and came into force by proclamation on January 1, 1923.
The Department of National Defence Act has been amended on four different occasions. The principal amendment, made in
1940, provided for the appointment of additional ministers of national defence.

Experience gained during the last war showed clearly the need for more unified control and greater uniformity in the three
services. Further, the present position and status of Canada make it undesirable to depend for the discipline of our army
and air force upon legislation enacted by a legislative body not responsible to the people of Canada. Accordingly, soon after
becoming minister I directed that work be commenced on the preparation of a single all-embracing Canadian statute to include
a common disciplinary code applicable to all three services.


DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL DEFENCE, The National Defence Act : Explanatory Material, [Ottawa]: National Defence Headquarters, 1950, 322 p., 37 cm; Notes: "NDHQ 1 Nov. 50", I, François Lareau, obtained a pdf copy file of this document on 26 January 2012 under Access to Information Act Request-- DND reply letter file A-2011-01093/Team 4-2, 24 January 2012;  the file also include a table of concordance of the National Defence Act for the years 1950, 1952, 1970 and 1985; explains the sources of the National Defence Act provisions; copy at the JAG Library, Ottawa and also a copy at the Canadian War Museum, Hartland Molson Library, call number UA 600, 325 p.; PDF copy available at http://www.lareau-legal.ca/NDAExpMat.pdf   --THIS IS A BIG FILE -- BE PATIENT! (put on line on 27 January 2012);

PDF National Defence Act , S.C. 1950, c. 43 / Loi sur la défense nationale, S.C. 1950, c. 43;
 

National Defence Act, R.S.C. 1952, c. 184 / Loi sur la défense nationale, S.R.C. 1952, ch. 184;
 

National Defence Act, R.S.C. 1970, c. N-4 / Loi sur la défense nationale, S.R.C. 1970, ch. N-4;  available at / disponible à  http://www.archive.org/details/revisedstatutes197005uoft (accessed on 11 January 2012);


PARLIAMENT, House of Commons, Special Committee on Bill No. 133 An Act Respecting National Defence, Minutes of Proceedings and Evidence: Special Committee on Bill No. 133 on Act Respecting National Defence, Ottawa: Edmond Cloiutier, King's Printer, 1950; eight numbers, No. 1 dated 23 May 1950 to No. 8 dated 6 June 1950, 360 p.; copy at the Library of Parliament, call # J103 H7 1950 D4 A1 and at Library and Archives Canada; the wallet of the Special Committe is located at the Library and Archives Canada,  Record Group # 14, 1987-88/146, Box 58 which contains the reports to the House, amendments, exhibits and minutes; there is a Microfiche. [Toronto] : Micro Media Limited, [1995?] -- 5 fiches ; 11 X 15 cms at the University of Ottawa,  Off-Campus Storage - Annex  CA1 XC2 N14a  212; other information for research: Canada, Parliament, House of Commons, Special Committee on Bill no. 133, An Act respecting National Defence, Minutes of Proceedings and Evidence. May 23 [21st Parliament, 2nd session] - June 6, 1950 [21st Parliament, 2nd session], King's Printer 1950, see https://books.google.ca/books/about/Minutes_of_Proceedings_and_Evidence_May.html?id=_oGrtAEACAAJ&redir_esc=y  (accessed 21 May 2018); see also fonds at National Defence Headquarters Directorate of History and Heritage: Fonds 2007/16 - Special Committee on Bill No. 133, An Act Respecting National Defence fonds, 3.5 cm of textual records, see https://www.archeion.ca/special-committee-on-bill-no-133-act-respecting-national-defence-fonds (accessed 21 May 2018); copy also at the  Department of Justice Canada, Supreme Court of Canada, Guelph University, University of Toronto Robarts Library
FRANÇAIS :

 


PARLEMENT, Chambre des communes, Comité spécial chargé d'étudier le Bill 133 intitulé Loi concernant la défense nationale, Procès-verbaux et témoignages, Ottawa Edmond Cloutier, 1951, 8 fascicules (le 1er est du mardi le 23 mai 1950); les témoins: MCM Drury, sous-ministre de la Défense nationale, le commandant P.H. Hurcomb, le brigadier W.J. Lawson, Juge-avocat général, le commndant d'escadre H.A. McLearn,  et les majors J.H. Raedy et la Major W.P. McClemont; Note de recherche de François Lareau: Il existe une copie de ces procès-verbaux à la Librairie du Parlement, no de cote J103H7 D4 A1 et à la Bibliothèque et Archives Canada; le dossier du Comité spécial se trouve aux Archives nationales, Ottawa, Record Group # 14, 1987-88/146, boîte 58 et il contient les rapports à la Chambre des communes, les amendements, les pièces et les procès-verbaux; on retrouve également une copie des huit fascicules en français à la Bibliothèque Brian Dickson, de la Faculté de droit de l'Université d'Ottawa, University of Ottawa, FTX Parliamentary Doc, CA1 XC2 D25F, fasicules que j'ai consultés en personne pendant le mois de mai 2018;  VERY IMPORTANT DOCUMENT!

[Research materiel]

Mr. Claxton then moved,--That a Special Committee be appointed to con: sider Bill No. 133, An Act respecting National Defence; with power to send for persons, papers and records and to report from time to time; and that the said Committee consist of Messrs. Adamson, Balcer, Bennett, Blackmore, Blanchette, Campney, Cavers, Claxton, Dickey, George, Gillis, Harkness, Henderson, Higgins, Langlois (Gasp), Lapointe, Larson, McLean (Huron- Perth), Pearkes, Roberge, Stick, Thomson, Viau, Welbourn and Wright; and that Standing Order 65 (1) be suspended in relation thereto. And after Debate thereon, the question being put on the said motion; it was agreed to. By unanimous consent, Mr. Claxton then moved,--That Bill No. 133, An Act respecting National Defence; and Bill No. 134, An Act to amend the Militia Pension Act and change the Title thereof, be referred to the Special Committee appointed to consider B,_'ll No. 133, An Act respecting National Defence, and that the Committee be empowered to consider the said Bills. And the question being put on the said motion; it was agreed to.
[source: https://archive.org/stream/hcc92195000uoft/hcc92195000uoft_djvu.txt, and
https://archive.org/details/hcc92195000uoft accessed 21 May 2018]

---------

At six o'clock, p.m., Mr. Speaker took the Chair. By leave, the House reverted to "Presenting Reports by Standing and Special Committees", under "Routine Proceedings". Mr. Campney, then, from the Special Committee appointed to consider Bill No. 133, An Act respecting National Defence, presented the Third Report of the said Committee, which is as follows: -- Pursuant to the Order of Reference of 16th May, 1950, your Committee has considered the following Bills and has agreed to report them with amend- ments, viz: Bill No. 133, An Act respecting National Defence. Bill No. 134, An Act to amend the Militia Pension Act and change the Title thereof. A reprint has been ordered of the said Bills Nos. 133 and 134, as amended. A copy of the Minutes of Proceedings and Evidence taken in respect of the tvo above-mentioned Bills, and also in relation to Bill No. 221, An Act to pro- vide for the Payment and Distribution of Prize Money, reported upon on June 2, 1950, is tabled herewith. (For Minutes of Proceedings, Evidence, etc., accompanying said Report, see Appendix to the Journals, No. 5)
[source: https://archive.org/stream/hcc92195000uoft/hcc92195000uoft_djvu.txt, and
https://archive.org/details/hcc92195000uoft accessed 21 May 2018]

 


see also King's regulations and orders for the Canadian Army. (The) Volume 2, 1951, Prepared at Army Headquarters, Ottawa,  available at the Canadian War Museum Library, call number: REF TECH UB 506 C2 K4 1951;


Canadian Army orders, 1958-1963

Canada, Canadian Army, Canadian Army orders, 1958-1963, Ottawa Queen's Printer 1958-1963,  6 volumes: 1. 1958.--v. 2. 1959.--v. 3 1960.--v. 4. 1961.--v. 5. 1962.--v. 6. 1963. (loose-leaf) ; 27 cm.; copy at Canadian War Museum;

Canada, Canadian Army, Canadian Army orders: master index, 1962, Ottawa : Queen's Printer, 1962-, 11 June 1962 ed. , 1 volume (loose-leaf) ; 27 cm, OCLC number: 506073534, copy at Canadian War Museum;

Great Britain (pre - 1945)



The King's regulations and Admiralty instructions for the government of His Majesty's Naval Service, London : Printed for His Majesty's Stationery Office by Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1906 -, copy at the War Museum Library, Ottawa: GEN VB 593 G7 A3, see http://catalogue.warmuseum.ca/musvw/FullBB.csp?WebAction=ShowFullBB&EncodedRequest=*80*BBQ*25*3B*B9*B9*22*A6*03*AA*91W*FF*D2*A1&Profile=Profile28&OpacLanguage=eng&NumberToRetrieve=50&StartValue=60&WebPageNr=1&SearchTerm1=GREAT%20BRITAINADMIRALTY%20.1.14262&SearchT1=&Index1=1*subjbibnew&SearchMethod=Find_1&ItemNr=10, accessed on 11 June 2014;

Manual of Air Force Law, 1939; copy at the War Museum Library, Ottawa:REF TECH UG 675 G7 M3 1939; see  http://catalogue.warmuseum.ca/musvw/FullBB.csp?WebAction=ShowFullBB&EncodedRequest=*80*BBQ*25*3B*B9*B9*22*A6*03*AA*91W*FF*D2*A1&Profile=Profile28&OpacLanguage=eng&NumberToRetrieve=50&StartValue=61&WebPageNr=1&SearchTerm1=GREAT%20BRITAINAIR%20MINISTRY%20.1.296704&SearchT1=&Index1=1*subjbibnew&SearchMethod=Find_1&ItemNr=11, accessed on 11 June 2014;


Manual of Military Law, London: HMSO, 1914; Notes: War Office; available at  http://www.slideshare.net/oldcontemptible/manual-of-military-law-1914 (accessed 8 July 2015); also available at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015031059614;view=1up;seq=9 (accessed 15 January 2016);


Military Law, London: HMSO, 1907; Notes: war office, 5th edition; available at http://www.slideshare.net/oldcontemptible/manualofmilitary00greauoft (accessed 8 July 2015); also available at https://archive.org/details/manualofmilitary00greauoft (accessed 15 January 2016);