Canadian Military Law/
Droit militaire canadien

updated and corrections / mise à jour et corrections: 11 April 2017
By/par © François Lareau, 1998-, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada


Image source: www.google.com (google image search)
"Ah les crocrocro, les crocrocro, Les crocodiles [...]"', comptine, disponible à https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K2blO6yq0A8

 

          Un crocodile

Un crocodile s'en allant à la guerre
Disait adieu à ses petits enfants
Traînant la queue,
La queue dans la poussière
Il s'en allait combattre les éléphants

Ah les crocrocro, les crocrocro,
Les crocodiles
Sur les bords du Nil
Ils sont partis n'en parlons plus

[...]

[Toutes les paroles à compositeur-arrangeur.com/blog/index.php/88-un-crocodile-s-en-allait-a-la-guerre-ah-les-crocrocro-decouvrir-les-paroles-et-telecharger-gratuitement-le-mp3-en-version-karaoke
]


and
yes Folks there is no life like it!

 

Part I --Blog


------

Other sites on military law

Part I  --  Canadian Military Law -- Miscellaneous


- Blog

- Somalia Inquiry & Government Reaction
      -  1995-1997: Somalia Inquiry
      - 
Departmental Reaction to Somalia Inquiry
      -  Special Advisory Group on Military Justice and Military Police Investigation Services
          January 1997 to July 1997
     
-  The Special Senate Committee on the Canadian Airborne Regiment in Somalia (April 1997)
      - 
Report to the Prime Minister on the Leadership and Management of the Canadian Forces (March 1997)
        - 
Minister's Monitoring Committee on Change in the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces (October 1997 to 1999)
         -
Bill C-25--An Act to amend the National Defence Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts
        
(Royal Assent, 10 December 1998)
       -
2003 -- Five Year Review of Bill C-25
       - 2011 -- Second Five Year Review of Bill C-25
    
         

Governments Bills 1999-2012 on National Defence Act

- Current Affairs -- Sexual Misconduct

- Court Martial Comprehensive Review 2016-2017

- JAG & DND Web Sites

- Laws, Regulations and Orders

-
Superseded Legislation

- Web Sites of Interest


Part II -- Canadian Military Law -- Bibliography
 A-B--C-D--E-G--H-L--M-R--S-Z

------

Starting here

BLOG

(starts hereafter)



. Who will be the next Judge Advocate General?  The current JAG retires in late June 2017


I don't think that Létourneau was happy with the tenure of Cathcart as JAG:



Gilles Létourneau

Toute bonne chose a une fin

All good things must come to an end. This is also true of bad things. According to
critics and observers of military justice, it appears that the appointment of the current
Judge-Advocate General of the Canadian Armed Forces was the appointment of the
wrong person, at the wrong position, at the wrong time. Due to leave his position in
this coming June, it is hoped that the new incumbent will be open to the important
changes that have been made in recent years with success and without prejudice to
the need for good order and discipline in the military.
[Gilles Létourneau dixit in a recent blog, 11 May 2017]

Cathcart has also recently responded to the criticism:


Blaise Cathcart

“Our Canadian system of military justice is world class” ...
Blaise Cathcart told The Lawyer’s Daily. Cathcart said
countries like Australia and New Zealand look to Canada
as a leader on military law and justice.

Before Cathcart departs, he said he will deliver to the Defence
minister his recommendations for improving the efficiency,
effectiveness and legitimacy of Canada’s court martial system,
based on the results of a statutorily mandated comprehensive
internal legal and policy review by the Office of the JAG that
began last summer.

“It’s the legitimacy piece that is sort of my main focus ... because
of what I think is a small, but vocal, criticism that ‘We’re not legitimate.
We’re second-rate. We’re rinky-dink,’” the JAG said. “It’s false.”
 [Cristin Schmitz, "Canada's outgoing judge advocate general fires back
at critics", 7 May 2017]


(posted 12 May 2017)


. Courts martial have a long history in this world!



"Court Martial in Alexandria after the bombardment, July 1882 (C8/33)"

L. FIORILLO [the photographer] Court martial in Alexandria after the
bombardment.  July 1882.  The army rebellion of 1881 led by
Arabi Pasha against the Anglo-French Condominium
administering Egypt quickly gathered force, and, in the face
of widespread violence against Europeans in Alexandria, a
British fleet under the command of Vice Admiral Sir
Frederick Beauchamp Seymour commenced a ten hour
bombardment of the city on July 11 1882.  After the destruction
of the waterfront fortifications and the retreat of Arabi Pasha's
army, marines landed in the city to restore order, with
instructions that looters were to be flogged and incendiaries
caught in the act were to be shot.  The photographer L.
Fiorillo afterwards issued a volume of photographs entitled
Album souvenir d'Alexandrie: Ruines, a  grim record of the havoc
wreaked by the bombardment.

Photo and text from the book:

Australia Council, International Cultural Commission of Australia Limited, Royal Commission Commonwealth Society,
Commonwealth in focus : 130 years of photographic history : Festival '82 / sponsored by the Australia  Council; arranged by
the Royal Commonwealth Society, London, in association with the International Cultural Corporation of Australia Limited,
and the Queensland Art Gallery, [Sydney] : International Cultural Corporation, [1982], 120 p., [5] p. of plates : ill. ; 31 cm.,  ISBN: 0959412255 (AMICUS catalogue).


(posted 8 April 2017)



. Are you interested in military comparative Law (from the land of TRUMP)?


U.S.A., Department of the Army et al., Legal Support to Military Operations, Joint Publication 1-04, 2 August 2016; available at tjaglcspublic.army.mil/documents/27431/95918/JP+1-04%2C+Legal+Support+to+Military+Operations.pdf/a92afdf8-0037-4328-a02e-8a8dc8069995, https://tjaglcspublic.army.mil/fcd, http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/new_pubs/jp1_04.pdf  and http://www.jag.navy.mil/distrib/instructions/JP1-04_Legal_Support_to_MILOPs.pdf (accessed 7 April 2017); and


USA, Department of the Army, Headquarters, FM-1-04, Legal Support to the Operational Army, available at tjaglcspublic.army.mil/documents/27431/95918/FM+1-04%2C+Legal+Support+to+the+Operational+Army.pdf/f7b48c72-c3a4-4aee-a475-e24613ddb0f8 and tjaglcspublic.army.mil/fcd (accessed 7 April 2017)


(posted 7 April 2017)




.. Do you know your military history -- British and Canadian?


(artist unknown; photo source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Byng#/media/File:The_Shooting_of_Admiral_Byng%27_(John_Byng)_from_NPG.jpg)

On 14 March 1757, Admiral John Bying was executed following his court martial


The Admiral was the great-great-great-uncle of the Governor General of Canada Viscount Bying of Vimy:


Photo: "Provincial Archives of Manitoba/Foote N1759" reproduced from p. 119 of the following book:
John Duffy, 1963-, Fights of our Lives: Elections, Leadership, and the Making of Canada, Toronto : HarperCollins
Publishers, c2002, 357 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 25 cm.  NOTES: Includes bibliographical references and index,
ISBN: 000200089X (bound) and 0006391508. (AMICUS catalogue).  The comments with the photo are from John Duffy.


(posted 31 March 2017)




Le Radeau de la Méduse / The Raft of the Medusa, huile/oil, 1818-1819
par/by Théodore Géricault

. DND/CF could kill innocent Canadians...where is the
 law?


My comments come after reading the article of Kristen Everson, "Classified documents reveal crucial moments in response to 9/11-style attack:  Authorities would have just minutes to decide whether to shoot down a hijacked plane", CBC News/Politics, 1 March 2017, available at  http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/sept-11-classified-documents-airline-attacks-1.4011750

Now....Imagine a Canadian aircraft with more than 100 Canadian passengers hijacked by an armed insane person.  The intent of the mad hijacker is to crash the aircraft in the House of Commons building....the order is given to shoot the aircraft down...


 This is a well known subject for lawyers interested in a the General Part of a modern Criminal code.   Most of the aspects of the problem fall under the discussion of the defence of necessity.   In 1984, the Supreme Court of Canada dealt with that defence in the Perka  decision. On the work on the General Part, see   Chronology -- Towards a Modern General Part of a New Criminal Code?

In 2010, Colonel Rob Holman, Office of the Judge Advocate General wrote a thesis -- Law Enforcement, the Rogue Civil Airliner and Proportionality of Effects: An Analysis of International Human Rights Law -- touching on this topic.

The defence of necessity is still a matter that remains to be codified under the leadership of the Department of Justice Canada.


(posted 24 March 2017)






. Know more about the law for Prisoners of War


National Defence, Prisoner of War Handling Detainees and Interrogation & Tactical Questioning in International Operations, B-GJ-005--110/FP-020, dated 2004-08-01, available at  http://www.lareau-legal.ca/A-2015-00720.PDF (put on the internet on 7 March 2017); obtained as a result of an Access to Information Act request, National Defence, Access to Information and Privacy letter, 19 January 2017, file A-2015-00720 (put on the internet on 7 March 2017), see http://www.lareau-legal.ca/ATI-2015-00720.pdf;


(posted 9 March 2017)

























. Training Plan, Legal Officer Qualification and Master Lesson Plan




CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, Training Plan, Legal Officer Qualification, Regular  Force 00204, basic date: 28/10/2013 and Master Lesson Plan, available at http://www.lareau-legal.ca/A201501212_2017-02-09_14-21-38.PDF (put on line on 22 February 2017);  this document was released under Access to Information Act request A-2015-01212 (DND), 1709 pages (disclosed in part) which request summary read as folows: "Training Plan and Master Lesson Plan used in support of the Legal Officer Qualification Course (LOQC) run by CF Military Law Centre (CFMLC) in Kingston from September 14, 2015 to October 9, 2015. The CFMLC falls under the Canadian Defence Academy"; I received records previously released under file A-2015-01212 by Kimberly Empey, Director, Access to Information and Privacy, undated (but in reality February 2017), National Defence, National Defence Headquarters' letter file AI-2016-00223, available at http://www.lareau-legal.ca/Training21.pdf (put on line on 22 February 2017);


(Posted 22 February 2017)



 
.
Veterans as viewed by the artist/photojournalist Gregory Varano

----------                                       
                                                Click here                                                                                        Gregory Varano, the artist                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                        LFI International: https://lfi-online.de/ceemes/?page/show/468/user=128281
                                                                                                                                                      Flickr: http://www.flickriver.com/photos/gregoryvarano/                                                                                                                                               

(Posted 30 September 2016)






-----
Me Pascal Lévesque

. Me Pascal Lévesque organise la formation Le droit militaire canadien : un droit spécialisé pour un contexte unique
 qui aura lieu le 13 octobre 2016 aux  locaux de l’ABC-Québec à Montréal.


Pour en savoir plus  "
Démystifier le droit militaire canadien"

 (mis en ligne le 14 septembre 2016)



. Just got a reminder email from the artist
Gertrude Kearns

that
her exhibit  The Art of Command: portraits+posters from Canada's Afghan Mission 2006-2016 at Founders' Gallery, U of Calgary, The Military Museum, is from 24 June to 30 October 2016..

image source: www.flickr.com/photos/uc_imagingservices_db/28405000286/in/album-72157668408682004/
MGen Blaise Cathcart, first image on the right


For more info, see:
- https://www.flickr.com/photos/uc_imagingservices_db/sets/72157668408682004


(posted 14 September 2016)






Image source:  ca.linkedin.com/in/pascal-l%C3%A9vesque-cd-llb-ma-llm-2a2b0552, accessed 12 September 2016
Pascal Lévesque

Congratulations to Pascal Lévesque for his Ph.D. degree--
yes you can now call him Doctor!  Abstract of his thesis hereunder

Des félicitations à Pascal Lévesque pour son grade de doctorat
 -- eh oui! Vous pouvez maintenant l'appeler Docteur! Un abstract de sa thèse ci-dessous


Thèse/Thesis: L'évolution et la réforme des procès sommaires en justice militaire canadienne / [The Evolution and Reform of Summary Trials in Canadian Military Justice],
Ph.D., Queen's University, 2016 (directeur de thèse/thesis director: Don Stuart).

Abstract

        Il y a un endroit où un citoyen canadien peut être envoyé en détention pour 30 jours, par quelqu’un qui n’est pas juge,
 sans être représenté par avocat et sans avoir un véritable droit d’appel. Il s’agit du système de procès sommaire des Forces
armées canadiennes. La présente thèse analyse ce système et suggère des réformes. Elle est destinée à ceux ayant un intérêt
d’améliorer l’administration de la justice militaire au niveau des unités mais veulent suffisamment saisir les enjeux avant de
procéder.

           Selon une approche juridique classique, aidée d’éléments d’histoire du droit et de droit comparé, la présente recherche
débute en fixant la justice militaire dans l’espace juridique canadien. Le chapitre introductif explique également les concepts
fondamentaux, au premier chef le maintien de la discipline, notion plus large pour laquelle le procès sommaire est un outil
de dernier recours. Le deuxième chapitre décrit le système actuel. Un aperçu de son évolution historique est d’abord présenté.
Ensuite, chaque étape du processus est démystifiée, de l’enquête à la révision.

Dans le troisième chapitre, les violations potentielles à la Charte sont identifiées, mettant l’accent sur celles posant
le plus grand risque constitutionnel: le manque d’indépendance judiciaire, l’absence de transcrit de l’audition, l’insuffisance
du droit à l’avocat et la disparité de traitement entre les grades. Le quatrième chapitre présente les alternatives qui ont
été adoptées pour faire face à des défis analogues. Ces alternatives proviennent tant des Forces canadiennes que de juridictions
militaires étrangères de pays de common law et de droit civil.

Le cinquième chapitre analyse si ces violations ne pourraient pas être néanmoins justifiées dans une société libre et
démocratique.  Sa conclusion est que, en présence d’alternatives raisonnables, il serait difficile de convaincre un juge que le
système actuel constitue une limite légitime aux garanties judiciaires.

Le dernier chapitre présente des options pour faire face à ces défis. D’abord, un regard critique est porté sur la première
approche, celle de la ‘dépénalisation’, adoptée par le gouvernement dans le récent projet de loi C-71. Ensuite, des mesures sont
recommandées pour mettre en œuvre la seconde approche, celle de la ‘judicialisation’. Ces mesures ne visent pas qu’à renforcer
la constitutionnalité du système, mais plus encore d’améliorer l’administration de la justice militaire dans un souci de promouvoir
les droits des militaires.

Copyright © Pascal Lévesque, 2016


-------------

Abstract

           There is a place where a Canadian citizen can be sent to 30 days detention, by someone who is not a judge, without being
represented by counsel, and without having a meaningful right to appeal. It is the summary trial system of the Canadian Armed
Forces. This thesis analyses that system and suggests reforms. It is aimed at those who have an interest in improving the administration
of military justice at the unit level but want to sufficiently understand the issues before doing so.

Through a classic legal approach with elements of legal history and comparative law, this study begins by setting military
justice in the Canadian legal firmament. The introductory chapter also explains fundamental concepts, first and foremost the broader
notion of discipline, for which summary trial is one of the last maintaining tools. Chapter II describes the current system. An overview
of its historical background is first given. Then, each procedural step is demystified, from investigation until review.

Chapter III identifies potential breaches of the Charter, highlighting those that put the system at greater constitutional risk:
the lack of judicial independence, the absence of hearing transcript, the lack of legal representation and the disparity of treatment
between ranks. Alternatives adopted in the Canadian Armed Forces and in foreign jurisdictions, from both common law and civil
law traditions, in addressing similar challenges are reviewed in Chapter IV.

Chapter V analyses whether the breaches could nevertheless be justified in a free and democratic society. Its conclusion
is that, considering the availability of reasonable alternatives, it would be hard to convince a judge that the current system is a
legitimate impairment of the individual’s legal rights.

The conclusion Chapter presents options to address current challenges. First, the approach of ‘depenalisation’ taken by
the Government in recent Bill C-71 is analysed and criticised. The ‘judicialisation’ approach is advocated through a series of
16 recommendations designed not only to strengthen the constitutionality of the system but also to improve the administration
of military justice in furtherance of service members’ legal rights.

Copyright © Pascal Lévesque, 2016



(posted 13 September 2016)




.  The death of Jumonville in 1754 ...was there a white flag?
   La mort de Jumonville en 1754, y avait-il un drapeau parlementaire?

   Image source: https://vslibre.files.wordpress.com/2015/04/05-18-mort-de-jumonville.png (accessed 12 September 2016)
I am trying to find who the artist is...please contact me at flareau@rogers.com

The death of Jumonville involves George Washington, the French, the English, Canadians, Mohawks, propaganda, the law of war... and, of course, Jumonville!


(posted 12 September 2016)





. How Jean Chrétien dealt with a problematic military legal opinion "à la manière de"
 
Alexander the Great, the military genius

 

Serge Chapleau's cartoon of  Jean Chrétien; source of
image: http://www.mccord-museum.qc.ca/caricatures/
page.php?Lang=2&file=156_12_3.xml
, accessed 24 December 2014.


As well, Stein and Lang report that the Canadian Forces’ Judge Advocate General was of the
opinion that in escorting American  shipping bound for Iraq, Canada was in danger of being
considered a belligerent in the conflict.  They also report that he was “not very popular” with
the CDS as a result.  General Henault has subsequently confirmed that he was less than satisfied
with JAG's interpretation as he wished to continue having Canada command TF 151.  He also
noted that the contributing navies continued to support TF 151 and Canada’s command of same.  ....

Subsequently, and entirely in accordance with the Chief of Defence Staff’s
wishes, the issue was indeed brought to the Prime Minister’s  [Jean Chrétien's] attention where
he made the final decision to continue Canada’s command of the Task Force. Anecdotally, the Prime
Minister is reported to have acknowledged the legal complexity of the issues, stating that
they could bring in twenty lawyers and divide them into two teams to resolve the issue whereupon
they would argue for several years. Alternatively, he was prepared to make a decision right now
and did so in favor of continuing Canadian command of Task Force 151.
[Source: LEHRE, Eric J., 1949-, Canada-US Military Interoperability at what Cost Sovereignty?,
thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Dalhousie
University Halifax, Nova Scotia, August 2012, at p. 289.]


(posted 10 September 2016)




. Training at Victoria College



Charles William Jefferys, 1860-1951, World War I Troops in Training - Outdoor
Lecture to Officers, Victoria College
, print / estampe : lithograph on commercial board.
image source: http://collectionscanada.gc.ca/pam_archives/index.php?fuseaction=genitem.displayEcopies&lang=
eng&rec_nbr=2835207&title=World+War+I+Troops+in+Training+-+Outdoor+Lecture+to+Officers%2C+Victoria+College.+&ecopy=e010999682-v8
, and
http://collectionscanada.gc.ca/pam_archives/index.php?fuseaction=genitem.displayItem&lang=eng&rec_nbr=2835207, accessed 12 August 2016.


(posted 12 August 2016)


Note on Charles William Jefferys, the artist:
"Canada's foremost historical illustrator and muralist, C.W. Jefferys was also
a pioneer in Canadian landscape painting, whose advocacy of a genuine native
style and subject-matter helped lay the groundwork for the Group of Seven
and their followers.  Born in England, he worked in New York as a newspaper
artist-reporter in the 1890s, returned to Toronto in 1901, and devoted the rest
of his life to the depiction of his adopted country's history and geography."

(Stacey, Robert, 1949-, National Gallery of Canada, C.W. Jefferys, Ottawa : National Gallery of Canada, 1985, 94 p. : ill. (some col.); 23 cm. SERIES:
Canadian artists series; 10. NOTES: Issued also in French under title/aussi publié en français sous le titre: C.W. Jefferys. Bibliography: p. 93-94, ISBN:
0888845294, ISSN: 0383-5405)

(note on Jefferys added 12 September 2016)




. Une visite du Colonel honoraire du JAG

Source: 
https://fr-ca.facebook.com/1erR22eR-1er-Bataillon-Royal-22e-R%C3%A9giment-254548539717/, vérifié 27 juin 2016)

"Le Colonel honoraire du juge avocat général (JAG) des Forces armées
canadiennes, le Colonel John Hoyles, accompagné d’une délégation du
JAG du 5e GBMC, a visité le 1er Bataillon du Royal 22e Régiment le 3
juin 2016. Le Colonel Hoyles est présentement le chef de la direction de
l’Association du Barreau canadien. Cette association représente 37 000
avocats, juges et notaires à travers le Canada. Dès son arrivée au bataillon, le
Colonel fût reçu [...]" --lire la suite à  https://fr-ca.facebook.com/1erR22eR-1er-Bataillon-Royal-22e-R%C3%A9giment-254548539717/, vérifié 27 juin 2016)


(mis en ligne 27 juin 2016)



. New books on military law published at Oxford University Press!




by a former Canadian Judge Advocate General:

  Image source: global.oup.com/academic/product/fighting-at-the-legal-boundaries-9780190457976?q=watkin&lang=en&cc=ca., accessed 19 June 2016

- WATKIN, Kenneth W. (Kenneth William),  1954-,
Fighting at the Legal Boundaries: Controlling the Use of Force in Contemporary Conflict,
 Oxford University Press, 2016, 728 pages, ISBN: 9780190457976;
look inside at amazon.ca/Fighting-Legal-Boundaries-Controlling-Contemporary/dp/019045797X#reader_019045797X (accessed 11 April 2017);


by an important contributor to globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/

Image source: global.oup.com/academic/product/military-justice-9780199303496?cc=us&lang=en&, accessed 19 June 2016
-
FIDELL, Eugene R., Military Justice: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press, FORTHCOMING BOOK -- SEPTEMBER 2016.

(posted 19 June 2016)





. A mix of military law and art!


Gertrude Kearns, Keeping it Legal (Major-General
B. Blaise Cathcart JAG), 2015, fine art war print based
on digital capture of original portrait of MGen Cathcart,
2015, signed numbered ltd edition, 60 x 44", an edition of
10, $6,000.00; smaller sizes priced from $1,400.00.
  I would
like to thank the artist for her permission to reproduce (19 June 2016).
I
mage sent to me by the artist (20 June 2016).




Gertrude Kearns, 
original portrait  of  Major-General
Blaise Cathcart, Judge Advocate General, 2015, mixed media
on paper, 54 x36", Private Collection, Ottawa; image sent to me by
the artist (June 2016).

"This war print and the related portrait will be
exhibited for the first time in U of Calgary show
July 4-Oct 30, 2016 being installed now at FOUNDERS'
GALLERY, The Military Museums as two of
44 large CF related works by me on the Afghan War." 
(Gertrude Kearns, email sent to François Lareau, 19 June 2016;
see
new 2016 Calgary show, click on UPCOMING EXHIBITIONS:
http://founders.ucalgary.ca/)
 
The war prints are for sale.
Printed at Toronto Image Works
CANON large Format Printer Image PROGRAF iPF9400
running with 12 inks include CMYK = RGB pigment inks


On the artist, see also:
- pg 14-17 recent 2016 interview:
https://issuu.com/persiantribune/docs/persian_tribune_v2_issue3
- CDA review 2015:
http://ccca.concordia.ca/catalogues/k/kearns/kearns_On_Track.pdf

You can communicate with the artist at gertrude_kearns@hotmail.com


(posted 19 and 20 June 2016)




 
. Political cartoon about Canada’s contribution to the war effort

image source: youngatvanier.blogspot.ca/2012_03_04_archive.html, accessed 26 May 2016
The artist is Newton McConnell
, 1872-1940

(posted 26 May 2016)



. Le juge Létourneau ne m
âche pas ses mots envers les Forces canadiennes



Le juge Létourneau à gauche avec le juge Lamer (photo reproduite du livre suivant: Gilles Létourneau, 1945-, Combattre l'injustice et réformer, Montréal: Wilson & Lafleur, 2015). 

Voici un court extrait du récent livre du juge Létourneau qui fut aussi le président de la Commission d'enqu
ête sur le déploiement des Forces canadiennes en Somalie:

Une Commission pour une institution militaire UDU

    La Commision s'était donnée comme objectif de proposer des
réformes qui aideraient les Forces canadiennes à améliorer leur fonc-
tionnement ainsi que leur système de justice qui nécessitait des
réformes majeures pour pouvoir se conformer aux exigences de la
Charte canadiennes des droits et libertés sous peine de se voir opposer
des déclarations d'insconstitutionnalité.

    Mais malheureusement il leur fallait passer par l'exercice difficile
et irritant de se faire dire publiquement leurs lacunes et leurs manque-
ments avant de pouvoir passer à l'étape suivante.  Car passer à celle des
réformes sans au préalable bien identifier et cerner les problèmes équi-
vaut à ériger un château de cartes sur une plage de sable.  En outre,
c'était la première fois que les Forces canadiennes devaient se sou-
mettre à une enquête publique menée par des civils.  On ne pouvait tout
de même pas, dans les présentes circonstances où  l'institution et même
le gouvernment qui la défendait avaient perdu la confiance du public,
pousser l'indécence jusqu'à demander à des militaires d'enquêter sur
eux-mêmes, ce qu'ils font généralement avec leurs commissions d'en-
quête interne.

    La Commision s'est très vite aperçue que, contrairement à ce
qu'on lui avait dit, elle faisait et ferait affaire du début jusqu'à la fin, et
même plus, avec une institution militaire UDU, c'est-à-dire Unwilling,
Deserving et UngratefulUnwilling: elle n'était pas disposée à colla-
borer.  Deserving: elle a récolté et mérité ce qu'elle a semé.  Ungrateful:
malgré tous les efforts et l'immense travail que la Commision a accom-
plis pour son bénéfice, elle n'a fait preuve d'aucune gratitude.  Au contraire.
[Gilles Létourneau, 1945-, Combattre l'injustice et réformer, Montréal:
Wilson & Lafleur, 2015, xiii, 171, [xx] p., à la page 113, ISBN: 978-2-89689-294-5]
(mis en ligne le 16 mai 2016)


. A thesis written by Sean Bruyea that should be worth reading!

Image source: www.ottawacitizen.com/Veterans+advocate+Sean+Bruyea+personal+financial+information+violated+thousands+times/3788759/story.html, accessed 16 May 2016
Sean Bruyea


I always like reading Sean Bruyea; he is a former intelligence officer who has deciphered some of the new veterans' law policies since 2005.  In a nutshell he is intelligent!

He is also a fighter and a real warrior who can defend his ideas. Recently, he has written:
 
Minister Hehr and former Minister O'Toole do have one thing in common: they employ
the same bureaucratic rhetoric about “treating veterans with care, compassion, and respect”.
For Canadian citizens who are willing to wear a military uniform and far too often die
defending rights like freedom of expression, rhetoric without substance is demeaning enough.
Having a former general and federal government representative chair a group of often
marginalized individuals highly indoctrinated to be subservient to authority is truly a farce of a
most un-Canadian kind. [Sean Bruyea, "Veterans Affairs holds 'stakeholder summit' but is it just
a dog and pony show?", Ottawa Citizen, 9 May 2016]


Sean has just completed a thesis at St-Paul University in Ottawa:
Mr. Bruyea’s public ethics thesis, which he hopes will be published as a book, looks at the conditioning required
of soldiers, sailors and air force men and women to make them part of the cohesive and unquestioning collective
that is the Canadian military – and the jarring loss they experience when they leave it. [Gloria Galloway, "Veterans'
advocate Bruyea defends master's thesis on soldier transition, The Globe and Mail, 28 March 2016]


Congratulations Sean!

The title of the thesis is Remembrance Forgotten: Seventy Years of Neglect of the Canadian Forces and our Obligation to Canadian Forces Veterans.

(posted 15 May 2016; amended 12 August 2016)




.  Question on the law of war (or for the more sophisticated the law of armed conflict)




Under the law of war, does the above cartoon refer to: (a) a situation of perfidy; (b) a situation of ruse of war; or (c) not a situation concerning the law of war?

The cartoon is by Peter Whalley, 1921-2007, and is reproduced from the following book: Allen, Robert Thomas, A Treasury of Canadian Humour, Toronto: McCelland and Stewart Limited, 1967, 128 p., at p. 122 (series; Canadian Illustrated Library).

(posted 6 May 2016)
 

. Change we must!  Eventually, the law concerning military discipline will evolve radically



Image by Len Norris, cartoonist and reproduced from the following book: Allen, Robert Thomas, A treasury of Canadian Humour, Toronto: McCelland
and Stewart Limited, 1967, 128 p., at  p. 121 (series; Canadian Illusrtrated Library).

Recommended reading: "Much Ado About Nothing: An Institutional Resistance to Change", being chapter 3 of Colonel Bernd Horn and Dr. Bill Bentley, foreword by Romeo Dallaire, Forced to Change: crisis and reform in the Canadian Forces, Toronto: Dundurn Press, 2015, 167 p., at pp. 67-80, ISBN: 9781459727847; this chapter 3 is available at https://books.google.ca/books?id=kGHnAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA63&lpg=PA63&dq=CANADA+role+of+the+legal+advisors+in+the+armed+Forces&source=bl&ots=_nq026_k7L&sig=1np_DloM1L1RDavt30V5NLsJpHI&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=jUDGE%20ADVOCATE&f=false (accessed 3 May 2016);

(posted 3 May 2016)




. The two military lawyers from the Office of the Judge Advocate General appearing
 for the appellant, Her Majesty the Queen, before the Supreme Court of Canada on Monday, 25 April 2016


Supreme Court building, Ottawa
(photo by François Lareau)

Video stills from the webcast of :

- Her Majesty the Queen v. Ordinary Seaman Cawthorne and 
Her Majesty the Queen v. J.G.A. Gagnon, et al.-- http://www.scc-csc.ca/case-dossier/info/webcastview-webdiffusionvue-eng.aspx?cas=36466&urlen=http%3a%2f%2fwww4.insinc.com%2fibc%2fmp%2fmd%2fopen_protected%2fc%2f486%2f1971%2f201604250510wv450en%2c001&urlfr=http%3a%2f%2fwww4.insinc.com%2fibc%2fmp%2fmd%2fopen_protected%2fc%2f486%2f1970%2f201604250510wv450en%2c001&date=2016-04-25



----------
David Antonyshyn                                                                                                Dylan Kerr

(posted 2 May 2016)

Post scriptum, 6 may 2016: I did not put the pictures of the JAG lawyers representing the respondents before the SCC as their pictures have already appeared.

     



. Another court martial involving sex, cadets at the Royal Military College Kingston, an acquittal and 5 JAG officers


---
Left photo, Major Edmund Thomas (part of the defence team), and, on the right photo, Major Maureen Pecknold (part of the prosecution team),
video stills from
http://www.ckwstv.com/2016/04/29/rmc-officer-cadet-whitehead-acquitted-on-sex-charges/ 

Some articles:

- Morganne, Campbell,  CKWS TV Newswatch, "RMC Officer Whitehead acquitted on sex charges", April 29, 2016 07:00 pm, includes video; available at http://www.ckwstv.com/2016/04/29/rmc-officer-cadet-whitehead-acquitted-on-sex-charges/, accessed 1 May 2016.



- Yanagisawa, Sue, "Ex-cadet found not guilty of sex assaults", Kingston Whig-Standard, Officer Cadet Alexander
 Whitehead;
Asked after court if the decision means his status at RMC will be reinstated and his graduation permitted, Maj. David Hodson, one-half of Whitehead's defence team,
said "that would be the right and honourable thing to do."

But both he and Maj. Edmund Thomas, the other half of the defence team, said it's up to RMC to make that decision.

"Officer Cadet Whitehead should not be punished for an acquittal," Hodson added. But he said the role of the lawyers and military judge Lt.-Col. L.V. d'Auteuil in the matter has now ended.

In his decision, Lt.-Col. d'Auteuil noted that "the prosecution's case relies, more than anything else, on the testimony of the two complainants." He also emphasized that the burden of proving
beyond a reasonable doubt that Whitehead sexually assaulted the women in September and October 2013, respectively, and that there was no consent, lay entirely with the Crown prosecution
team of majors Maureen Pecknold, Annie-Claude Samson and Jeff Peck: "That never changes," he observed. [from Sue Yanagisawa's article]



(posted 1 May 2016; amended 2 May and 12 September 2016)




Excellente thèse sur le droit des vétérans:

Une belle thèse à lire pour ceux qui s'intéressent au droit des vétérans: Anne Paillart, L'indemnisation du traumatisme psychique chez les vétérans : un parcours difficile, mémoire de maîtrise, droit et politiques de santé, Faculté de droit, Université de Sherbrooke, août 2014, x, 266 feuilles (directrice de mémoire: Me Catherine Choquette); disponible à http://savoirs.usherbrooke.ca/bitstream/handle/11143/6023/Paillart_Anne_LLM_2015.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y (visité 20 avril 2016);
Résumé
Les blessures psychiques ont été présentes au détour de chacun des conflits qui ont jalonné l’Histoire. La première partie de ce travail porte sur la découverte de la
névrose traumatique, sa perception dans le cadre militaire, et sur la distinction qui existe entre l’approche psychanalytique européenne centrée sur le trauma et l’entité
américaine qui s’est imposée pour se fonder essentiellement sur le stress. Les législations canadiennes et françaises qui encadrent le vétéran et l’ancien combattant
atteint de psychosyndrome traumatique vont constituer le sujet de la seconde partie. L’historique du cadre juridique contemporain ; les étapes de la demande d’indem-
nisation avec leurs caractéristiques et leurs écueils respectifs ; les notions de preuve et d’imputabilité, enfin les particularités de l’expertise médicale sont présentées selon
la perspective propre à chaque pays. Des sujets variés issus d’une trame commune qui, relatant l’expérience du vétéran blessé psychiquement pour lequel l’exercice de son
droit à réparation prend l’allure d’un second combat, vont permettre de déterminer si, au-delà de la reconnaissance de l’institution ou des attentes déçues, la législation
actuelle encadre de manière satisfaisante – ou pas – le droit à réparation. (source: http://savoirs.usherbrooke.ca/handle/11143/6023?show=full, visité 20 avril 2016)

(mise en ligne 20 avril 2016)



..
Front page story by Bruce Campion-Smith: "Failure to Act on Sex Abuse: Canadian military knew of assaults on boys by Afghans,
but didn't act because of 'unclear' training, poor communication, report finds", Toronto Star, 13 April 2016, at pp. A1 and A4.


Board of Inquiry with troubling evidence:

A weekly sitrep was sent from theatre on 3 October 06 advising the acting CEFCOM LEGAD, LCdr Leveille, that possible sexual assaults
of minors were taking place in theatre and that a CF policy review was required. LCdr Leveille claims to have forwarded the emails to Cdr
Archer, and discussed their contents with her shortly after her return from annual leave in 2006 but she informed the Board that she was not
advised until the BOI document search began in June 2008. Despite a significant effort, the BOI was not able to resolve this conflicting
testimony. However, it is clear that information on potential sexual abuse was in CEFCOM Headquarters in October 2006 and this information
was not passed to either the JAG or CEFCOM chains of command for review or action. [
NATIONAL DEFENCE AND BOARD OF INQUIRY,
 "Board of Inquiry – Allegation of assault of a civilian by Afghan National Security Forces and the Canadian Forces response to such incidents
 (Redacted)", available at  http://forces.gc.ca/en/about-reports-pubs-boards-inquiry/ptsd-exec-summary.page (accessed 13 April 2016)]


See also the Backgrounder at news.gc.ca/web/article-en.do;jsessionid=5707c0fc715daea6051011196782a975a42599ac55d342bd9212fe836cd63069.e38RbhaLb3qNe3aQc3n0?mthd=tp&crtr.page=1&nid=1050209&crtr.tp1D=930

(posted 13 and 14 April 2016)



Public Consultation Document at dgpaapp.forces.gc.ca/en/defence-policy-review/docs/defence-policy-review-consultation-paper.pdf

Defence Policy Review


- Two of  the four advisory panel members:

--------------
Bill Graham, left, with MGen Jerry Pitzul, JAG,
at
JAG Annual Mess Dinner, 27 October 2005
(image source:
(2006) 1 JAG Les actualités --
Newsletter
16)

- Bill Graham, 1939-, born in Montreal
  Lawyer, professor of law, former liberal minister of National Defence (July 2004 - February 2006), former minister of Foreign Affairs (January 2002-July 2004),
  former acting Liberal Party Leader (March 2006 - December 2006)  -- see  http://www.lop.parl.gc.ca/ParlInfo/Files/Parliamentarian

 Speech of Bill Graham to the JAG Annual Mess Dinner (source:
GRAHAM, Bill, "[Address of] The Honourable Bill Graham, P.C., M.P. Minister of National
 Defence, L'Honorable Bill Graham, P.C., M.P. Ministre de la défense nationale [to the] Office of the JAG Annual Mess Dinner, Royal Canadian Air Force
 Officers Mess, 27 October 2005, Ottawa, Ontario, Dîner régimentaire annuel du Cabinet du JAG, Mess des Officiers de la Force aérienne, 27 octobre 2005,
 Ottawa, Ontario", (2006) 1 JAG Les actualités -- Newsletter 22-24;





From the left: Gen Hénault, CDS, BGen Jerry Pitzul, JAG and
Col (Ret'd) Arthur MacDonald, 1 October 2002 on the book
launch of Art MacDonald's book Canada's Military Lawyers,
 (image source: JAG Newsletter/Les actualités du JAG,
volume 1, 2003, p. 3).

- Raymond Hénault, 1948-, born in Winnipeg, Chief of the Defence Staff (June 2001-November 2004), see Wikipedia
General Henault also indicated that the Judge Advocate General (JAG), Brigadier-General Jerry Pitzul, played a particularly  important internal role:
 “Jerry was as consistent and as honest as you could get in that respect. There was no arm twisting that he would allow.”  While there is a danger of
exaggerating, the fact is the JAG enjoyed very powerful influence over military plans by virtue of his unchallengeable ability to determine what was
legal and what was not.  This was reinforced by the fact that the Chief of Defence Staff was not his only boss.  Rather, the JAG was also responsible for
providing legal advice to the Defence Minister and Governor-General and thus enjoyed a certain independence, and with that a level of freedom from
"arm twisting." (footnotes omitted; p.188).
(source:LEHRE, Eric J., Canada-US Military Interoperability at what Cost Sovereignty?, submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the
degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Dalhousie University Halifax, Nova Scotia, August 2012, xviii, 441 leaves, at p. 188; available at
https://dalspace.library.dal.ca/bitstream/handle/10222/15306/Lerhe,%20Eric,%20PhD,%20POLSCI,%20Oct%202012%20D.pdf?sequence=5 (accessed 9 April 2016).
 
(posted in April 2016)




Supreme Court of Canada building (Photo: François Lareau)
Two future military cases to be heard by the Supreme Court of Canada:

Case # 1 scheduled to be heard on 25 April 2016, docket 36466 -- Her Majesty the Queen v. Ordinary Seaman Cawthorne -- www.scc-csc.ca/case-dossier/info/sum-som-eng.aspx?cas=36466
Case # 2 hearing not scheduled as of 23 March 2016, docket 36844  -- Her Majesty the Queen v. J.G.A. Gagnon, et al. --http://www.scc-csc.ca/case-dossier/info/sum-som-eng.aspx?cas=36844  (leave to appeal granted on 22 March 2016)

(Posted 12 March 2016; amended 23 March 2016)


 



The art of Gertrude Kearns

--------------------
Source: collections.historymuseum.ca/public/objects/common/webmedia.php?irn=5249009
ccca.concordia.ca/catalogues/k/kearns/kearns_ArtofCommand.pdf*                                                                  **www.cdainstitute.ca/en/blog/entry/commanding-art-gertrude-kearns-and-canada-s-afghan-mission


(posted 13 February 2016)









The  Law Office of Michel Drapeau publishes the papers of the November 2015 Conference on Canadian Military Justice --
The Winds of Change. 

Michel Drapeau Law Office, ed.,  Winds of Change: Conference and Debate on Canadian Military Law, [Ottawa:] Michel Drapeau Law Office, 2016,
102 p., NOTES: Conference held at the University of Ottawa, 13 November 2015; "For the first time an international academic conference on military
law was held in Canada at the University of Ottawa with the focus on reform and comparative law" (Gilles Létourneau, Preface, p. 7);  "(Organizing
Committee for the Conference: Michel W. Drapeau, Joshua M. Juneau, Walter Semianiw and Sylvie Corbin)"; available at

mdlo.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/2015-Conference-Proceedings.pdf (accessed 20 January 2016);
 

Thank you Mr. Drapeau!

(posted 20 January 2016)







For how many years was the JAG report published in the volumes of the Sessional Papers of the Parliament of Canada? 

Samples of reports in the 1920s:

- DEPARTMENT OF MILITIA AND DEFENCE 29,  SESSIONAL PAPER No. 39,  Judge Advocate-General in Sessional Papers, vol. 9, First Session, 14th Parliament, Session 1922, vol. 58, available at https://archive.org/stream/n09sessionalpaper58cana/n09sessionalpaper58cana_djvu.txt ; also available at http://booksnow1.scholarsportal.info/ebooks/oca7/13/n09sessionalpaper58cana/n09sessionalpaper58cana.pdf

-
NATIONAL DEFENCE (MILITIA SERVICE) 85,  SESSIONAL PAPER No. 17,  Report of the Judge Advocate General in Sessional Papers, vol. 4?, Fourth Session, 14th Parliament,  Session 1925, vol. 61, available at https://archive.org/stream/n04sessionalpaper61canauoft/n04sessionalpaper61canauoft_djvu.txt; see also https://books.google.ca/books?id=pMgkAQAAIAAJ&q=%22judge+advocate+general%22+Canadian&dq=%22judge+advocate+general%22+Canadian&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiyk5-q9ePJAhWBq4MKHfGbAKU4ChDoAQg-MAc
and
https://books.google.ca/books?id=pMgkAQAAIAAJ&q=%22Judge+advocate+general%22+intitle:Sessional+intitle:Papers+intitle:of+intitle:the+intitle:Parliament+intitle:of+intitle:the+intitle:Dominion+intitle:of+intitle:Canada&dq=%22Judge+advocate+general%22+intitle:Sessional+intitle:Papers+intitle:of+intitle:the+intitle:Parliament+intitle:of+intitle:the+intitle:Dominion+intitle:of+intitle:Canada&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y


[Excerpt]

Under the terms of the National Defence Act, 1922, the Judge Advocate- General's office ceased to be a directorate in the Branch of the Adjutant-General, and from January 1, 1923, the Judge Advocate-General became responsible to the deputy minister. Thirty-three courts-martial were held in Canada during the fiscal year ending March 31, 1924, all of such courts-martial being district. This is a decrease of sixteen compared with the preceding year, and, generally speaking, the offences were not of a serious nature. This is indicative of the continued improvement in the discipline of the Permanent Force. The proceedings of these courts-martial indicate a substantial improve- ment in the knowledge of military law possessed by the officers sitting on the courts in question. It is extremely desirable, however, that a thorougli know- ledge of military law and the provisions of the King's Regulations relative to discipline should be possessed by all officers, and it is pointed out in this con- nection that the various proceedings of courts-martial and courts of enquiry which have come before tlic Judge Advocate-General for review indicate that there is still considerable room for improvement. As stated in the report for the preceding year, on the creation of the Department of National Defence the Judge Advocate-General now performs similar duties in relation to the Royal Canadian Navy and the Royal Canadian Air Force as he formerly did in relation to the Canadian Militia. During the period under review the King's Regulations and Orders for the Royal Canadian Air Force were prepared by that officer, and have now gone into effect.

....

Research Tool that could be used for further research:

"The Information Management Unit is responsible for indexing the parliamentary publications. The team also provides reference assistance to persons seeking information regarding publications.
Telephone: (1) 613-992-8976
Fax: (1) 613-990-8283
E-mail: indref@parl.gc.ca" (source: http://www.parl.gc.ca/parliamentarians/en/publicationsearch?PubType=1, accessed 6 January 2016)


(posted 26 December 2015; amended 4 and 6 January 2016)





Photo of a Court martial (training purposes)



For more information, see:  http://collectionscanada.gc.ca/pam_archives/index.php?fuseaction
=genitem.displayItem&lang=eng&rec_nbr=3299294&rec_nbr_list=4507286,4507283,451215
0,4507377,3299294,4512425,4507800 (accessed 18 December 2015)


(posted 18 December 2015)




Art and the Canadian navy

After the Moriarity decision, it is time to relax again with art.  I recently bought a used book at the local Value Village store.  The title is Haida, written  by Lieutenant Commander William Sclater, 1907-1980, with
drawing by Lieutenant Grant MacDonald, 1909-1987 (Toronto : Oxford University Press [1947], xvi, 221 p.; 24 cm).

The author says about the book:
  "This is the story of a ship and her company, a Tribal Class Destroyer of the Royal Canadian
Navy which, like her sisters, is a symbol of our times.

    During her commission she ranged from the gloomy wastes of the Arctic seas to the shores
of Hitler-held Europe.  Her guns blazed in many a fierce and spirited action as she played part
in the drama of these crucial days.

    It is a book without names because to mention one would be to mention all.  They, the living
and the dead, prefer so.  Her company, drawn from every province in this Dominion, were
common men, with little to their name.  They served were one is always close to reality, in the
ships which stand between us and our enemies" (Author's Note, p. xi)


-........----
Grant MacDonald, Each man has its own thoughts                  The damage is not serious                                   Dust jacket of the book Haida


(posted 30 November 2015)

Post scriptum: the book won the Governor's General Annual Literary Award




The Supreme Court of Canada decision -- R. v. Moriarity [2015] S.C.C.  55 (19 November
 2015)    


(posted 22 November 2015)



. Photos of the Canadian Military Law Conference -- 13 November 2015

  Photos of Cattroll Photo Associates available at http://www.cattroll.com/CLIENTS-PHOTOS/2015UofO/

(posted 22 November 2015)


Image source: http://ottawacitizen.com/news/local-news/ottawa-judge-lise-maisonneuve-named-chief-justice-of
Lise Maisonneuve                                                                  -ontario, accessed 16 November 2015
.Chief Justice Lise Maisonneuve has a solid experience in military law
Lise Maisonneuve is the chief justice of the Ontario Court of Justice since May 2015.

She has an important background in military law:

She was also a member of the Oversight Working Group for the Department of National Defence;
Advisor to the Military Police and Investigative Services Reorganization Steering Committee and
to the Military Police Services Review Group; Advisor to the Minister of National Defence’s
Committee on Change in the Department of National Defence and Special Legal Advisor to the
late Chief Justice of Canada Brian Dickson on various military investigations.
(see commonlaw.uottawa.ca/en/alumni/common-law-honour-society/announcing-2015-common-law-honour-society-inductees
),
accessed 16 November 2015)

You can consult part of this background in the following documents:

- Special  Legal Advisor to the
SPECIAL ADVISORY GROUP ON MILITARY JUSTICE AND MILITARY POLICE INVESTIGATION SERVICES,
Report of the Special Advisory Group on Military Justice and Military Police Investigation Services, [Ottawa]: [Department of National Defence],
25 March 1997, viii, 73 p. and other paginations with the Annexes (series; Report to the Prime Minister), (Chairman: The Right Honourable Brian
Dickson; Members: Lieutenant General Charles H. Belzile (Retired) and Mr. J.W. Bird), this report also know as "Dickson Report I" is available
at http://web.archive.org/web/20021016134113/http://www.dnd.ca/eng/min/reports/Dickson/justictc.htm and http://web.archive.bibalex.org/web/20041013002211/http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/minister/reports/dickson/justindex_e.htm
(accessed on 5 July 2009); also available at http://responsesystemspanel.whs.mil/public/docs/meetings/20130924/materials/allied-forces-mil-justice/
canada-mj-sys/04_Dickson_Rpt.pdf
(accesed on 22 May 2014);  see Annex B and F;

-
member and legal advisor of the Military Police Services Review Group,
Report of the Military Police Services Review Group Presented to the Vice Chief of Defence Staff on 11 December 1998, available at http://web.archive.org/web/20021023144225/http://www.dnd.ca/menu/press/Reports/mps/eng/Report_e.html;


-
Testimony on Bill C-25, an Act to amend the National Defence Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts before the Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, Issue 39, 29 October 1998, see minutes and evidence; 


(posted 16 November 2015; amended 13 January 2016)




Image source: http://pm.gc.ca/fra/ministre/lhonorable-catherine-mckenna, accessed 7 November 2015
      Catherine McKenna

A new minister with knowledge of military law

The new minister of the environment, Catherine McKenna, helped Mr. Antonio Lamer prepare the The First Independent Review by the Right Honourable Antonio Lamer P.C., C.C., C.D. of the provisions and operation of Bill C-25, An Act to amend the National Defence Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts, as required under section 96 of Statutes of Canada 1998, c.35, Submitted to the Minister of National Defence, September 3, 2003, [Ottawa], 121, 3 p., available at http://web.archive.org/web/20050513015206/www.forces.gc.ca/site/Reports/review/en/report_e.pdf, accessed 9 November 2015, tabled in the House of Commons, on 5 November 2003, sessional paper number 8560-372-828-01.  SEE PAGES 4-5 of the FOREWORD.

(posted 9 November 2015)



 


. Image source: https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis-Joseph_Papineau, accessed 2 November 2015
Louis-Joseph Papineau painted by
Théophile Hamel

Did you know that a famous French Canadian lawyer and politician -- Louis Joseph Papineau -- was a member of the JAG militia in 1812?


Yes Louis Joseph Papineau, 1786-1871  was a member of the Judge Advocate General, in the militia:

ME [Michael Emon]: Louis-Joseph Papineau, many people know, was the moderate rebel leader in the rebellions of Lower Canada in 1837. He was the long-standing speaker of the assembly in Lower Canada, he was a lawyer, and in 1834 he helped draft the 92 resolutions that started, that tried to start, the dialogue of change in Quebec and Quebec politics. So a lot of people say “Why is he in a War of 1812 exhibition?”

AA [Angèle Alain]: Right, I was just going to ask that actually.

ME: And the thing is that the War of 1812 shaped many people, and of course Louis-Joseph Papineau was alive at the time and he was a part of the Canadian militia at the time. And of course the war, the conflict they had against the United States, shaped many people’s ideologies and mindsets, and also helped shape Louis-Joseph Papineau. And it also shows how long the war left an indelible mark on the political structure on Upper and Lower Canada. In fact, issues of a more republican and perhaps a different style of government couldn’t even be mentioned in polite company in the first decades after the war because there was so much anti-American sentiment. So people like Louis-Joseph Papineau had to take a more moderate path. And of course we know others who took a more radical path in the rebellion, but part of Louis-Joseph Papineau’s moderation came from this experience, where he was in fact part of the government and part of the militia.

AA: Did Papineau participate in the War of 1812?

ME: He was a captain, but he was part of the judge advocate general’s office. So he served in the function as a lawyer dealing with legal matters that would come up during the war.

(http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/news/podcasts/Pages/faces-of-1812.aspx, accessed 2 November 2015)



(posted 2 November 2015; amended 12 March 2016)



. A Joke makes the first page of the Ottawa Citizen

Ottawa readers were fed the following joke about the military in David Pugliese's article "Crude joke mars program" in the Ottawa Citizen's edition of 26 October 2015, at p. 1:
In late July, Canada's top military officer unveiled a hard-hitting plan to crack down on sexual misconduct
in the ranks [called Operation Honour] ...

Some recruits at the Royal Military College, as well as other Canadian Forces personnel including
individuals at National Defence Headquarters in Ottawa, dubbed Op Honour as "Hop On Her" --
a play on words suggesting sexual aggression or even assault.
 
(posted 27 October 2015)





.  Image source: amazon.com--- Image source: en.wikipedia.com
Dust jacket of Arthur Herman's book                       Voltaire by Jean-Antoine Houdon, 1778
 

  General Deterrence and Voltaire!


Just finished reading the book To Rule the Waves: How the British Navy Shaped the Modern World (2004) by Arthur Herman.  I could not stop smiling when I read this part about the death penalty and general deterrence with a little mix of humour by Voltaire:
Then, after hanging a wretched galleon captain convicted of quitting his post and parading his body
through the fleet as an example -- "to encourage the others," as Voltaire would say of a similar
execution of a British Admiral [John Byng] one hundred and fifty years later -- the armada set off
into the seas only a handful of its ships' pilots had ever seen." (p. 128)
  
(posted 25 October 2015)



. Un nouveau livre par monsieur Gilles Létourneau, une autobiographie!




Date de publication :  fin octobre ou début Novembre 2015

Chez Wilson & Lafleur

Les pages 87-115 traitent de  "
La Commission d’enquête sur le déploiement des Forces canadiennes en Somalie" et les pages 129-146 de " La justice militaire et la nécessité d’une réforme fondamentale".

Voir la Table des matières

(posted 22 October 2015)



. Take notice:  Canadian Military Law Conference




See Programme

To register, please email the conference organization at clawrsvp@uottawa.ca

(posted 22 October 2015; amended 25 October 2015)




. Winter is coming and Penmans don't make long johns any more!


This is a "cahier d'écriture", 6 3/4 x 9" that I bought a
few years ago at an auction.


and

See image source: collectionscanada.gc.ca/pam_archives/index.php?fuseaction=genitem.displayItem&lang=eng&rec_nbr=3636414, accessed 16 January 2016
Winter dress in 1847

 

(put on line 12 October 2015; amended 10 January 2016)



. Access to Information Act -- DND/CF Level 1 Business Plan 2009-2010

FITZGERALD, Oonagh, DND/CF  LA Level 1 Business Plan 2009-2010, 38 p.; available at http://lareau-legal.ca/A-2015-00726.pdf (posted 6 October 2015); Oonagh Fitzgerald was then the Legal Advisor to the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces; François Lareau obtained this document after an Access to Information request, see http://www.lareau-law.ca/Access1Oct15.pdf;

(posted 6 October 2015)


. Access to Information Act -- Transcripts of interviews in 1973 with Brigadier-General Orde, JAG, 1923-1950

DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL DEFENCE, Access to Information Act answer, Department of National Defence  File A-2015-00865, available at http://lareau-legal.ca/A-2014-00865.PDF (accessed 4 October 2015);  the answer is to "Request Summary: Directorate of History and Heritage File 77/490, Transcript of Interview with Brigadier [R.J.] Orde, 24 Jul 73";  François Lareau obtained this answer from the Department of National Defence, National Defence Headquarters, Director, Access to Information and Privacy letter File AI-2015-00142, 28 September 2015;

(posted 5 October 2015)

.
Access to Information Act --
Criteria to assess promotion from Major to LCol and  LCol to Colonel within the Office of the Judge Advocate General

DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL DEFENCE, Access to Information Act answer, Department of National Defence File A-2015-00922, available at http://lareau-legal.ca/A-2014-00922.PDF  (accessed 4 October 2015);  the answer published here is to "Request Summary: The specific criteria to assess promotion from Major to LCol, LCol to Colonel within the Office of the Judge Advocate General for each of the past 10 years"; François Lareau obtained this answer from the Department of National Defence, National Defence Headquarters, Director, Access to Information and Privacy letter File AI-2015-00142, 28 September 2015;


(posted 5 October 2015)

. Yogi Berra and military law?
Yogi Berra said "It ain't over till it's over".  Yogi died in September 2015, the same month that was published:



SABRY, Omar, Torture of Afghan Detainees: Canada Alledged Complicity and the Need for a Public Inquiry, published by CCPA (Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives) and Rideau Institute, September 2015, 95 p.; available at http://www.rideauinstitute.ca/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Afghan-Detainees-002.pdf (accessed 24 September 2015).


What will the federal government in place decide after the election of 19 October 2015 if the conservative party is not re-elected?

(posted 24 September 2015; amended 29 September 2015)


. The perpetual problem of transparency in the military


Doug Young, Minister of National Defence, 14 January
1997; this cartoon is part of the
22 cartoons on the subject
'Somalia Affair, Canada, 1992-1997', The SFU Library Editorial
Cartoons Collection, available at http://edocs.lib.sfu.ca/cgi-bin/Cartoons?SubjectID=3180  (accessed 21 September 2015)

and again in 2015....


Image source: http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/about-policies-standards-defence-admin-orders-directives/index.page (accessed 24 September 2015)


(posted 21 September 2015; amended 24 September, 23 November and 1 January 2015)


Post scriptum: the DAODs are back on the internet!



. The military lawyers in action before the Supreme Court of Canada on 12 May 2015
(source: still videos from http://www.scc-csc.gc.ca/case-dossier/info/webcastview-webdiffusionvue-eng.aspx?cas=35755&urlen=http%3a%2f%2fwww4.insinc.com%2fibc%2fmp%2fmd%2fopen_protected%
2fc%2f486%2f1938%2f201505120500wv150en%2c001&urlfr=http%3a%2f%2fwww4.insinc.com%2fibc%2fmp%2fmd%2fopen_protected%2fc%2f486%2f1940%2f201505120500wv150en%2c001&date=2015-05-12)


 

Representing Second Lieutenant Moriarity et al.; Sergent Damien Arsenault; and Private Alexandra Vezina:
------
Mark Létourneau                                                                              Jean-Bruno Cloutier


AND


Representing Her Majesty the Queen:
-----
Steven D. Richards                                                                           Bruce W. MacGregor


(posted 21 September 2015)




. Clause by clause analysis in the French and English languages of Bill C-71


--------
. On 15 June 2015, the Harper Government tabled in the House of Commons, Bill C-71, Victims Rights in the Military Justice System Act (short title).


On 11 September 2015, I received, by letter, from the Director, Access to Information and Privacy, file A-2015-00947, the response to my request.  This request reads as follows:
The clause by clause analysis in the French and English languages of Bill C-71, An Act to amend the National
Defence  and the Criminal Code, introduced and read a first time in the House of Commons on 15 June 2015.  Bill
C-71 died on the order paper when Parliament was dissolved on 2 August 2015. 


Click here  for the clause by clause analysis; the second part of the document is the French version -- Cliquez ici pour la version française, analyse disposition par disposition, qui suit la version anglaise.



Here are some other links on Bill C-71:

News Release - "Government introduces the Victims Rights in the Military Justice System Act"

- Backgrounder 1 - "Victims Rights in the Military Justice System Act - Court Martial and and Summary Trial Amendments"


-
Backgrounder 2  "Victims Rights in the Military Justice System Act-- Court Martial and Summary Trial Amendments"


(posted 12 September 2015)







. The first cartoonist in Canada -- Brigadier-General George Townshend (Part II)

  Back to the arts and more on the relations between Major-General James Wolfe and his subordinate Brigadier-General George Townshend, one of the first cartoonist in Canada (or Nouvelle-France as it was then known).


  Image source: www.amazon.com


In his 1997 book Behold the hero: General Wolfe and the arts in the eighteenth century, the author, Alan McNair, describes the difficult relationship between Wolfe and
Townshend :

In his dispatch announcing the outcome of the battle at Quebec [Plains of Abraham, 1759], which he had prepared as commander of the forces after Wolfe's death
and Brigadier-General Monckton's wounding, he [Townshend] considered the death of a career soldier such as Wolfe to be worth only a mention
in passing.  Had Monckton also been dead, as was erroneously reported in the newspapers, Townshend, who disliked Wolfe, might well have attempted to
usurp all the laurels of victory.
......
In spite of George Townshend's efforts to present himself as an admirer, his disdain of General Wolfe is clear in eight satirical drawings, now in the
McCord Museum, Montreal, which he presumably did at Quebec before Wolfe's death.  He sensibly kept these records private. ... In another drawing
Townshend pictured what he considered to be Wolfe's unnecessarily draconian measures against French civilians, with a caption in which the general says
(in French so the Canadians can understand), "My orders are firm.  For each man caught, a bullet -- for each woman -- two" (pp. 22-23; footnotes omitted,
see text)

   

Image source: www.amazon.com


Here is Townshend's drawing:


Source: Robert Bothwell, 1944-, The Penguin history of Canada, Toronto : Penguin Canada, 2006,
xii, 596 p., at p. 61 : ill., maps ; 24 cm. NOTES: Includes bibliographical endnotes and index.  ISBN: 9780143050322 (pbk.)


Of course, the McCord Museum has the image at its website


(put on line 11 September 2015)





.  How officers commanding view their legal advisors


 -------------------------- Image source: www.ebay.com, accessed 10 September 2015
Dright Davies; image source:                                                Book edited by Bernd Horn
http://everitas.rmcclub.ca/wp-content/uploads/
2013/02/Davies_BGen_DA.jpg
,
accessed on 10 November 2014
  Dwight Davies gives us his opinion about the role of military lawyers during operations in his article "Command in Combat", in Colonel Bernd Horn, 1959-, ed., "The Buck Stops Here": Senior Military Commanders on Operations, Winnipeg : Canadian Defence Academy Press, c2007, viii, 286 p., chapter 5 at pp. 89-107: map ; 23 cm. SERIES: In harm's  way.  NOTES: Cover title: Buck stops here, senior commanders on operations Distributed by the Government of Canada Depository Services Program. Issued also in French under title: "Le responsable, c'est moi", les commandants militaires supérieurs durant les opérations. Includes bibliographical references and index. Issued by: Canadian Defence Academy.  ISBN: 9780662458135 (bound) and 9780662434962 (pbk.);  available at http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2012/dn-nd/D4-4-3-2-2007-eng.pdf (accessed 31 August 2015);
YOU AND YOUR LAWYERS

You will be fortunate to have one or more lawyers deployed as part of your
team. These talented Assistant Judge Advocate Generals (AJAG) are
provided by the JAG, and represent a source of invaluable advice on a wide
variety of issues. You must be aware, however, of a number of significant
special factors that influence them, and their relationship with you.

First, you will require these lawyers to deal with a huge spectrum of
issues. These will range from disciplinary issues with your troops, local
contracting issues, interaction with local national courts, real estate leases,
LAOC, ROE, your orders, and a plethora of other issues. How can anyone
be so competent you ask? The answer is that they cannot be, thus the first
justification for the unique command relationship that exists for your
AJAGs alone. They are the only individuals that will be present in your
command that are not under your direct command. They are responsive
to you, but remain under the direct command of JAG. This allows them
the right to directly communicate with the JAG and the large and diverse
legal organization back home. This affords you the benefit of the very best
of possible legal advice

The next point is somewhat more subtle. As the commander on a
deployment, you will be given the most authority that can ever be
bestowed upon an individual. You are literally given the power to decide
life and death, and all lesser things. This is an exhilarating and
frightening proposition, one that brings with it the greatest of satisfactions
as the mission progresses. As we have learned through past events, this
absolute power has led to abuses when the talents of the commander were
less than that required for the situation. While all subordinate officers
have the ethical responsibility to act in the face of wrongdoing, this is a
particularly demanding challenge in a combat environment. Most of us
have read of several famous cases, such as the “Mutiny on the Bounty”
where subordinate officers have faced the supreme challenge of taking
action in the face of commanders that were failing. This is a demanding
act that is rendered doubly difficult in view of the chain of command
relationship, and the necessary respect for authority that is ingrained in us
all from the first day of basic training. By placing the AJAG outside the
chain of command, at least one individual is placed in a position from
which it would be somewhat easier to act in the face of wrongdoing. The
AJAG acts as a safety measure, to guard against a commander overstepping
his authorities. This is a right and necessary thing.

You will need to be aware that AJAGs are not trained in the art of military
command to any significant extent. While they are consummate experts in
a number of areas of law, and in their relationship with JAG and his staff,
their military training may range from a reasonable amount to a relative
light dusting. They will provide you with high quality legal advice; their
responsibilities do not include the provision of military advice, whether
concerning the conduct of your campaign or leadership in general. Be
cognizant of this, and be prepared to assist your AJAG in understanding
the scope and limits on their responsibilities.

Finally, and most importantly, you must be absolutely clear as to your
relative roles, responsibilities, and accountabilities. Your AJAG is
responsible to provide you with legal advice. He or she is absolutely
accountable for the quality of the advice provided, and can have their
professional accreditation revoked for poor advice. As the commander,
you are absolutely accountable for your decisions. In a proper
relationship, you will be provided advice, couched in terms such as “it is
not advised that”, or “I recommend that”. Should you hear “you can’t”,
“you must” then you may be straying from the appropriate relationship.
You must not look to your AJAGs for decisions. [pp. 104-105]

......

[Note on Brigadier-General D.A. Davies]

Brigadier-General D.A. Davies is an experienced fighter pilot and leader
who has flown the CF-5, F-16 and CF-18 aircraft. He commanded
425 Tactical Fighter Squadron, 3 Wing Bagotville, and Task Force Aviano
during the first seven weeks of the ALLIED FORCE bombing campaign.
His extensive staff experience includes NORAD HQ, USSPACECOM HQ,
AIRCOM HQ, 1 Cdn Air Division, as well as NDHQ. He recently led the
team that stood up CEFCOM, where he is currently serving as the Deputy
Commander. [p. 271]


(put on line on 31 August 2015; amended 5 and 10 September 2015)





Source of image: www.amazon.com
. Just read the following page on military lawyers in Christie Blatchford, Fifteen Days: stories of bravery, friendship, life and death from inside the new Canadian Army, circa 2007:

     Fraser also had the eight individual coalition countries involved in the south, with their various national caveats or
restrictions on how their troops could or could not be deployed.  And most remarkably, he also had two Canadian
military lawyers -- Randy Smith, who advised him on Canadian law and national policy, and Bruce Wakeman, who
advised him on the international laws of armed conflict -- hovering at his shoulder at all times, even in mid-battle.

    As Fraser says, "Oh fuck, oh yes, absolutely, Military lawyers.  All they do is, whatever we're doing, they know the
law and they won't say you can't do it, they say, 'Here's the law, here's where you stand vis-à-vis the law.'...And I had two
of them arguing with each other, because I had two hats on my head, the multinational hat and a national hat."  (p. 255)
available at https://books.google.ca/books?id=DGENKHE11U8C&printsec=frontcover&dq=intitle:fifteen+intitle:days
&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false, accessed 28 August 2015


(posted on 28 August 2015)






. The law of war in Nouvelle-France between the English and French armies -- these aristocrats had style!

 

. Je viens juste de terminer de lire le livre par l'abbé Henri-Raymond Gasgrain, Guerre du Canada, 1756-1760 : Montcalm et Lévis,  Tours, France: Alfred  Mame et fils, Éditeurs, 1899,  400 p. illus., pl., port., map.   Certains passages illustrent l'esprit de chevalerie existant dans  le droit de la guerre de l'époque entre l'armée anglaise et l'armée française (Guerre de Sept ans, Amérique du Nord); en voici deux:

Plusieurs fois, durant le siège [de Louisbourg], il y eut des échanges de courtoisie entre les deux chefs ennemis.  Le chevalier de Drucour [commandant de Louisbourg] fit un jour cesser le
feu et déployer le drapeau parlementaire sur les remparts.   Le général Amherst, de son côté, fit suspendre la canonnade et vit venir un officier français qui lui remit une lettre dans laquelle
le gouverneur, après les compliments d'usage, lui disait qu'il y avait dans Louisbourg un chirurgien d'une rare habileté, dont les services étaient à la disposition de tout officier anglais qui le
demanderait.  En retour, Amherst lui envoya des lettres et des messages pour les parents et les amis de quelques officiers prisonniers dans son camp; il y joignit ses compliments pour Mme
de Drucour, en lui exprimant son regret de la voir exposée aux horreurs d'un siège, et en accompagnant sa lettre d'un superbe cadeau d'ananas, récemment apportés des Antilles.   Mme de
Drucour s'empressa de reconnaître cette politesse par l'envoi d'un panier de champagne. Une heure après ces échanges d'amitiés, le canon grondait tout le long des deux lignes ennemies, qui
échangeaient des boulets et des bombes.  (p. 193)

......

Le capilaine Ochterlony [prisonnier anglais détenu par l'armée française] fut entouré de soins si délicats par les religieuses de l'hôpital général [à Québec], qu'il en fut touché jusqu'aux larmes.
Il l'écrivit au général Wolle, qui manifesta sa vive reconnaissance et fit savoir aux soeurs hospitalières que, s'il s'emparait de leur monastère, elles pouvaient être assurées de sa protection.
Son message, adressé à Vaudreuil, renfermait une somme de vingt livres sterling, qu'il priait de remettre au soldat de Guyenne qui avait empêché le capitaine d'être scalpé. Vaudreuil
renvoya cette somme et répondit avec politesse et fierté que le soldat n'avait fait qu'obéir à son devoir et aux ordres des commandants. (p. 275)

(mis en ligne 24 août 2015)





.  The Office of the Legal Advisor (DND/CF LA)

I was not able to get the "current MOU (memorandum of understanding) of the legal services unit, Office of the Legal Advisor (DND/CF LA), with the Deparment of National Defence and the Canadian Forces.  Also include the amendments if any" see DND Access to Information and Privacy Coordinator, letter file A-2015-00288, 11 August 2015.  However, the Government Electronic Directory Services (GEDS) proved useful in knowing the division of work within DND/CF LA:

Office of the Department of National Defence and Canadian Forces Legal Advisor /Cabinet du Conseiller Juridique du Ministère de la défense Nationale et des forces Canadiennes

- Department of National Defence and Canadian Forces Legal Advisor / Conseiller Juridique du Ministère de la défense Nationale et des forces Canadiennes
- DND/CF LA Business Management & Comptrollership (BMC) / CJ MDN/FC Gestion des affaires et contrôleur (GAC)
- DND/CF LA Deputy Legal Advisor and General Counsel - LLAS / CJ MDN/FC Conseiller juridique adjoint et avocat général - SCSC
- DND/CF LA Health Services Legal Advisory / CJ MDN/FC Consultation juridique - Services de santé
- DND/CF LA Informatic Section / CJ MDN/FC Section de l'informatique
- DND/CF LA Legislative and Regulatory Services / CJ MDN/FC Services législatifs et de réglementation
- DND CF/LA National Security Law / CJ MDN/FC Droit de la sécurité nationale
- DND/CF LA Claims and Civil Litigation (CCL) / CJ MDN/FC Réclamations et contentieux des affaires civiles (RCAC)
- DND/CF LA Materiel, Environment and Real Property (MERP) / CJ MDN/FC Droit de matériel, de l'environnement et de l'immobilier (DMEI)
- DND/CF LA Public and Labour Law / CJ MDN/FC Droit public et du travail
- DND/CF LA Legal Advisory Services / CJ MDN/FC Services de consultation juridique

(posted 20 August 2015)



With  Department of Justice Canada letter File A-2015-00669/BN, dated 16 September 2015, I received file  http://lareau-legal.ca/Enigma2015.pdf; my request read as follows:
"Clarification 01/09/2015
Seeking the last up to date work description and merit criteria for all LP levels and positions to the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces.

From the staffing file documentation, the latest work description and statement of merit for the position of legal Advisor to the Department of national Defence
and the canadian Forces."


(posted 29 September 2015)

. Doing research in DND/CF publications?  What do you know about their Index of Documentation (NDID) System?



. I recently obtained further to Access to Information Act Request, file A-2015-00716, 22 July 2015, the following publication: National Defence, Guidelines for National Defence Index of Documentation (NDID) System, C-01-000-102/AG-000, 2013-10-01   / Défense nationale,  Directives d'index de documentation de la défense nationale (IDDN),  C-01-000-102/AG-000, 2013-10-01;

(posted 16 August 2015)





.  Annual Reports from JAG -- published early!  I wonder why?

  . The following reports have recently been made public:



- The Judge Advocate General Annual Report 2014-15



- The Director of Military Prosecutions Annual Report 2014-15

(posted 4 August 2015)




. Good old Ed in Valcartier!


The executive summary of the 1974 Board of Inquiry on the grenade explosion at Valcartier contains some comments by the military lawyer at CFB Valcartier:

In reviewing the Board of Inquiry transcript, the approach taken by the panel in regard to the interrogation of the cadets was extremely formal. The Assistant Judge Advocate General at Valcartier who reviewed the Board of Inquiry report in 1974 indicated that  “(…) it is unfortunate that the committee has asked so many leading questions to almost all of the witnesses. This makes it difficult to assess the testimony of Cadets especially” [translation].[15] He further disagreed with the use of the term “minor negligence” in the conclusions of the Board of Inquiry. His assessment was that the actions of the Canadian Forces ammunition expert could result in charges under the National Defence Act. (source: http://www.ombudsman.forces.gc.ca/en/ombudsman-reports-stats-investigations-valcartier/valcartier-report.page, accessed 4 August 2015).

If I remember correctly the "Assistant Judge Advocate General" was the "Depury Judge Advocate General", Major Edouard (Ed) Caron, a fine gentleman.  My first experience with courts martial back in 1975 was as an assistant prosecutor with Major or then recently promoted Lieutenant-Colonel Edouard Caron.  Later on, Edouard or Ed became a military judge and subsequently a judge under the Pension Act in P.E.I.  He died in Ottawa.

(posted 4 August  2015)






.  Will we ever know the reason why the Lieutenant-Colonel was charged in civilian court?

I just read that a Lieutenant-Colonel was charged before a civilian court in Edmonton for sex offences under the Criminal Code.  The military nexus seem to be there.  The Canadian Forces National Investigation Service (CFNIS) investigated the matter and laid the charges.  There must be an interesting reason why it was decided not to have a court martial. 

(posted 29 July 2015)




.
Course syllabus on the law of war at RMC
.
I recently obtained further to Access to Information Act Request, file A-2015-00669, 22 July 2015, the following document: 
FOWLER, Roy G. and Baker Mike, lecturers, "Royal Military College of Canada, Department of Political and Economic Science POE 488A--Law of Armed Conflict, Winter 2013-14 Syllabus", version: 12 Jan 2015, 9 pages; available at http://www.lareau-legal.ca/A-2015-00669.pdf;

(posted 29 July 2015; amended 27 August 2015)





. The 1998 report that indicated that JAG had to do more training on the law of war
. I recently obtained further to Access to Information Act Request, file A-2015-00565, 19 June 2015, the following document: 
OFFICE OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL, Report on the Law of Armed Conflict Survey: The Development of a Training and Education Strategy, Ottawa: Office of the Judge Advocate General, May 1998, 55 p.; obtained by François Lareau, Access to Information Act Request, file A-2015-00565, 19 June 2015; - see pp. 1-55

(posted 24 July 2015)





. Like father and son -- Tel père, tel fils


----------------
General Jonathan Vance                                Lieutenat-General Jack Vance (the father)
(the son)                                                        source: everitas.rmcclub.ca/?p=128503, accessed 31 August 2015                  
source:http://www.thewarriors                    
dayparade.ca/Parade_Info_2015_
Gen_Vance.htm    
. The father of General Jonathan Vance, the new CDS,  was Jack Vance, an ex RCR Lieutenant-General who passed away in 2013.  Jack Vance worked as an advisor for the Somalia Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of Canadian Forces to Somalia chaired by Gilles Létourneau.  It's a small world! 

(posted 19 July 2015)



. The DPM and DCS reports were at one time integrated in the JAG annual report
 
DND/CF Access to Information Act request summary A-2014-00564 reads: 

     
"- Request Summary: Exclusion or elimination of the DPM and DCS reports from the JAG
      Annual Report to Parliament (articles 101.20 and 110.11 of the QR&O's) for the following
      fiscal years; 2010-2011, 2011-2012 and 2012-2013" [open.canada.ca/en/search/ati?keyword=00564, accessed 9 July 2015]. 


When I read that request summary, I said to myself :"François -- you should get a copy of that, it should be interesting!".  I finally got a copy, from the Access to Information people, see their letter.


Here is Access to Information Act file A-2014-00564


On  27 May 2014, MGen Blaise Cathcart, JAG said before the House of Commons, Standing Committee on National Defence:
Thank you for that question. I was confused about the question and the response. If you're talking about the annual reports that I'm responsible for as Judge Advocate General, they are not with the minister. Those are my reports. They are still being worked on. They're close to completion. I take full responsibility for not meeting the timeline as set out to do so on an annual basis. I can go into great detail as to the reasons why. The short answer is that there were many other equal military justice priorities, not the least of which you're familiar with, Mr. Harris, dealing with legislation such as Bill C-15. [http://www.parl.gc.ca/HousePublications/Publication.aspx?DocId=6620352&Language=E&Mode=1&Parl=41&Ses=2]

(posted 9, 10 July 2015; amended 19 March 2016)






. My favorite caricature of the military -- France, as represented by Charles de Gaulle,
  a long time after the defeat of 1760!





Cartoonist's Ed Franklin, 1921-2006, caricature of
retired general, Charles de Gaule, The Globe and Mail,
14 October 1970; one of my favorite caricatures.

The image is reproduced from the following book: Desbarats Peter and Terry Mosher, The Hecklers: A History of Canadian Political Cartooning and a Cartoonists' History of Canada, Toronto: McCelland and Stewart and National Film Board of Canada, 1979, 256 p., at p. 145: ill. ; 23 x 27 cm, ISBN: 0771026862.  Peter Desbarats was a commissioner at the Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of Canadian Forces to Somalia.

(posted 26 June 2015 and amended 29 July and 3 November 2015)






. The new U.S.A. -- Department of Defense Law of War Manual



Just noted that on 12 June 2015, The Department of Defense Law of War Manual was promulgated.  It is available at http://www.defense.gov/pubs/Law-of-War-Manual-June-2015.pdf    Several references are made to Canada.

(posted 25 June 2015)





. The  Field Punishment No. 1 (Part II)


.
     "A Contemporary diagram showing one possible manner of securing a soldier to a
     fixed object for the administration of Field Punishment No. 1. (Source: Unknown)", source of text and image: http://regimentalrogue.com/misc/researching_first_world_war_soldiers_part16.htm, accessed 21 June 2015

(posted 21 June 2015)











.
On 15 June 2015, the Harper Government tabled in the House of Commons, Bill C-71,
Victims Rights in the Military Justice System Act (short title).

News Release - "Government introduces the Victims Rights in the Military Justice System Act"

- Backgrounder 1 - "Victims Rights in the Military Justice System Act - Court Martial and and Summary Trial Amendments"


-
Backgrounder 2  "Victims Rights in the Military Justice System Act-- Court Martial and Summary Trial Amendments"


(posted 15 June 2015)










.
Image source: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b6953905b.r=%22cour+martiale+assemblee+pour+juger+un+deserteur%22.langEN


Cour martiale assemblée pour juger un déserteur de la grande armée, estampe par le caricaturiste anglais George Cruikshank, 1792-1878
voir http://gallica.bnf.fr/Search?ArianeWireIndex=index&p=1&lang=EN&q=%22cour+martiale+assemblee+pour+juger+un+deserteur%22&x=0&y=0

(mis en ligne, le 6 juin 2015)


.

 Did you know that the Judge Advocate General is a
"designated public office holder"?  -- see  https://ocl-cal.gc.ca/eic/site/012.nsf/eng/00120.html

(posted 23 May 2015)




 
Result of search name: "Judge Advocate General" at Library and Archives Canada -- http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/lac-bac/results/arch?form=arch_adv&lang=eng&FormName=MIKAN+Advanced+Search&PageNum=1&SortSpec=score+desc&HighLightFields=title%2Cname&Language=eng&QueryParser=lac_mikan&Sources=mikan&Archives=&ShowForm=show&SearchIn_1=names&SearchInText_1=%22judge+advocate+general%22&Operator_1=AND&SearchIn_2=&SearchInText_2=&Operator_2=AND&SearchIn_3=&SearchInText_3=&Media=&Level=&MaterialDateOperator=after&MaterialDate=&DigitalImages=&Source=&cainInd=&ResultCount=10


(posted 23 May 2015)


.
Why is military law reform not being first initiated from its own military organization , i.e. the Office of The Judge Advocate General?    If you study law reform in the federal departments, you will realize that in the 1980s, the Department of Justice Canada had a Criminal Law Review section and the
Solicitor General Canada, a Correctional Law Review Team.  If I was the Minister of National Defence, I would prefer having some control than being controlled most of the time!   It is not because you are a military lawyer that you are prohibited from being a reformist.   Law reform can be beneficial to Canadians, the Canadian Forces and the Department of National Defence.  There is a lot of intellectual talent among JAG officers but again it is always a question of leadership to get matters organize!

(posted 18 and 23 May 2015)




      Xotic Angel
.   
    
Albert Cloutier's painting, Bluenose Squadron Lancaster 'X' for Xotic
         Angel
, 1945.  Image reproduced from Heather Robertson, A Terrible
         Beauty: The Art of Canada at War
, James Lorimer & Company, Publishers
         in association with The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa and National Museum of
          Man National Museums of Canada, Ottawa, 1977, at p. 155.



          A retired Superior Court Judge has recently written:

"The armed forces are not about to turn into the feminist oriented nirvana that Deschamps naïvely
seems to be calling for. That will not happen. Nor should it. The Canadian Forces will remain a
male-dominated organization that will need to put in place its own solutions, something it should
have done long ago."
MARTIN, Fraser, "Opinion: Dealing — or not dealing — with sexual assault in the Canadian Armed Forces", Montreal Gazette,
 12 May 2015; available at http://montrealgazette.com/opinion/columnists/opinion-dealing-or-not-dealing-with-sexual-assault-in-the-canadian-armed-forces



Cartoon reproduced from Bing Coughlin, 1912-1991, WW II Cartoons: Herbie Wuz Here!: A collection of
WW II Canadian Military Cartoons 1944-1946, Almonte (Ontario): Algrove Publishing Classic Reprint Series,
2008, viii, 188 p., at p. 116, ISBN: 978-1-897030-67-7.


(posted 18 May and amended 1 September 2015)



Source of Image: http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vo9/no3/06-bercuson-fra.asp
Gilles Létourneau (Reuters photo)
.
Gilles Létourneau is a former President of the Law Reform of Canada.  In my opinion, he is a great law reformer and a great jurist.  Following the triology of military cases before the Supreme Court of Canada on 12 May 2015, he has written another important article on Canadian military law.  His latest article-blog that appeared  at the Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 14 May 2015 is  "Why limits are necessary on the scope of the Canadian penal military justice system", available at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2015/05/why-limits-are-necessary-on-scope-of.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29;   
(posted 17 May 2015)


. There is  a visual record of the proceedings of the three military cases held before the Supreme Court of Canada on 12 May 2015: video in English --- video en français

October 2013 - Recording and broadcasting of hearings at the Supreme Court of Canada

Litigants and counsel are notified that public proceedings at the Supreme Court of Canada are digitally recorded for the purpose of broadcast on television by Cable Public Affairs Channel (CPAC) and may be used in part by other networks for broadcast purposes. The proceedings may also be webcast live by the Supreme Court of Canada and CPAC and an archive copy of the webcast may be kept on the Supreme Court of Canada and CPAC websites. Please note also that all seats in the courtroom may appear on camera.

For further information, please contact Julie Laverty, Manager, Registry Branch, at 613-996-7810.

Roger Bilodeau, Q.C.
Registrar

October 2013 (source: http://www.scc-csc.gc.ca/ar-lr/notices-avis/13-10-eng.aspx, accessed 6 May 2015)


The three cases are: 
1)  Moriarity and Hannah v. R.; SCC Docket --35755 (on appeal from 2014 CMAC 1)
2)  Vézina v. R.;  SCC Docket -- 35873 (on appeal from 2014 CMAC 3 )
3)  Arsenault v. R.SCC Docket -- 35946 (on appeal from 2014 CMAC 8)



If you check each docket, you will notice that there is a line on the left with the title "Webcast".  Click it.


To order a copy of these proceedings "requests should be directed to (613) 996-7642 or by e-mail at reception@scc-csc.ca." (source: http://www.cpac.ca/en/faq/, accessed 10 May 2015);


(put on line, 6 May 2015; amended 10 May 2015; amended 16 May 2015)


 



.
     Carte postale, dessin de Hermann-Paul, Éditeur: Ligue Internationale
     pour la défense du soldat, série: Leur discipline, 9 x 14 cm.
- Il n'a pas cessé de protester de son innocence.
- Eh bien!  Vous connaissez le règlement; il réclamera une fois
  la punition faite.
 

(source de l'image : http://www.ebay.ca/itm/A-bas-la-justice-militaire-Leur-discipline-Jossot-Kupka-Vallotton-1903-/261361041547)

(mis en ligne, le 6 mai 2015)



    


. La vie dans les prisons militaires :

  ---------------------------------
Scènes dans la prison militaire de Québec.  -- Les prisoniers                                                 
Canadian Forces Service Prison and Detention Barracks
faisant de l'étoupe, dans
L'Opinion publique, vol. 2, no 49 (7 décembre                                              (CFSPDB) in Edmonton, DND photo. 
1871), p. 592; Prison des plaines d'Abraham, source de l'image:http://iris.                                                            image source: http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vo9/no3/08-madden-eng.asp   
banq.qc.ca/alswww2.dll/APS_PRESENT_BIB?Style=Portal3&SubStyle=&Lang=FRE&
ResponseEncoding=utf-8&no=0002744029&Via=Z3950&View=ISBD&Parent=Obj_837661430069869&SearchBrowseList=Obj
_837661430069869&SearchBrowseListItem=127266&BrowseList=Obj_837661430069869?Style=Portal3&SubStyle=&Lang=FRE
&ResponseEncoding=utf-8&BrowseListItem=127266&QueryObject=Obj_836311430069842


(mis en ligne le 26 avril 2015; amended 11 May 2015)





. On 27 March 2015, the CDS received the report of the independent external review to look into sexual misconduct and sexual harassment in the Canadian Armed Forces conducted by Madame Marie Deschamps, a former Supreme Court of Canada Justice:
Chief of the Defence Staff Message to Members on the External Review of Sexual Misconduct in the Canadian Armed Forces

Article / March 30, 2015

As you know, in April 2014, I ordered an independent external review to look into sexual misconduct and sexual harassment in the Canadian Armed Forces following a number of media reports on the subject and a subsequent Internal Review. I asked Madame Marie Deschamps, a former Supreme Court of Canada Justice, to conduct this independent external review, which she began in June 2014.

I received the English version of Mme Deschamps’ final report late last Friday. This is an important development and I would like to thank her for her insight and rigour in helping us understand the significance of inappropriate sexual behaviour in the CAF. During her review, she met with hundreds of CAF members and stakeholders across the country. Her perspective is invaluable in providing me with a clearer appreciation of the problem and what we, as an institution, must do to address it. 

You will remember that on February 25, 2015, I directed the establishment of the CAF Strategic Response Team on Sexual Misconduct. This team, led by Major-General Chris Whitecross and supported by Chief Warrant Officer Helen Wheeler, will conduct a detailed review of the report and develop an action plan to address its recommendations. As I committed from the outset of this initiative, you will continue to be informed as we progress. Specifically, I will publicly announce the action plan and make the full report available to all CAF members once a comprehensive review of the report is complete.
..... (source: http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/news/article.page?doc=chief-of-the-defence-staff-message-to-members-on-the-external-review-of-sexual-misconduct-in-the-canadian-armed-forces/i7kv5fnr, accessed on 5 April 2015)




.  How can the members of the House of Commons know what reports the Minister of National Defence must table in the House of Commons?

 

"At the start of every session of Parliament, the Law Clerk and Parliamentary Counsel of the House of Commons is required, under Standing Order 153 of the Standing Orders of the House of Commons, to prepare the List of Reports and Returns:

153. [List of documents to be tabled.] At the commencement of every session of Parliament, the Law Clerk of the House shall make available to each Member, in printed or electronic form, a list of the reports or other periodical statements which it is the duty of any officer or department of the government, or any bank or other corporate body to make to the House, referring to the Act or resolution, and page of the volume of the laws or Journals wherein the same may be ordered; and placing under the name of each officer or corporation a list of reports or returns required to be made, and the time when the report or periodical statements may be expected." (source: http://www.parl.gc.ca/SmartWeb/LdRE/Document.aspx?Language=E&sbdid=B95EFA25-F20E-42A1-9884-81A502B29377&sbpid=5AEE16CE-E8A8-4B63-AF81-2E2CE56FC9A6, accessed 4 April 2015)


  The current  List of Reports and Returns has specific pages for the reports of the Minister of National Defence including the annual report of the Judge Advocate General.


It would be good research to investigate why the Canadian Forces Provost Marshal written annual report is not published since a few years; the same could be said about the Chief of the Defence Staff''s written report.

(posted on 4 April 2015; amended 16 May 2015)






. Serious legal and ethical issues being raised!


-----and--------
Michel Drapeau (left) with Gilles Létourneau,                         Blaise  Cathcart, JAG   
www.hilltimes.com, accessed 12 November 2014                    http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/about-org-structure/judge-advocate-general-command.page --accessed 21 March 2014

Higher justice: the JAG's indifference to his legal obligations  [by Gilles Létouneau]

In theory and principle, nobody is above the law in Canada. However in fact and in practice the reality is quite different at least for certain individuals. Consider this.

The Canadian Judge-Advocate General (JAG), Major-General Blaise Cathcart, failed to comply with his statutory obligation to file with Parliament and the Senate
through the Minister of National Defence an annual report on his administration of military justice: see ss.9.3(2) of the National Defence Act (NDA). Not only did he
fail to comply with his obligation in 2012, he reoffended in 2013 and 2014.


His failure was brought to light by a House of Commons’ member before a committee of Parliament. The JAG’s answer before the Standing Committee on National
Defence, where he was appearing with the Chief of the Defence Staff on the issue of sexual offences, was that such reporting was not his first priority over that
three-year span. In other words, complying with the law was not his main priority. ...
....


As expected there were isolated outcries but not much more. A few TV appearances to denounce the failure, but nothing ensued. Not long thereafter it was business
as usual. No charges for the statutory violations of the Act were laid. No administrative sanctions whatsoever were taken against the JAG for blatantly failing to meet
his statutory obligations towards the Minister and Parliament.

Recently, Global Television News channel, with indubitable evidence to support its allegations, reported that the JAG stealthily wrote to the late Chief Justice of the
Court Martial Appeal Court of Canada to complain about a judge’s description of the state of military law in Canada. The JAG’S allegations were that the appellate
judge might not be impartial if he were still assigned to sit on military cases. He also threatened to lay a complaint against the judge before the Judicial Council. The
JAG’s covert letter could be seen either as an attempt to interfere with the administration of justice or a threat to bring into the limelight the impugned judge, the
Court Martial Appeal Court and the Chief Justice.

However the allegations were not only wrong and exaggerated but were also based on erroneous, incomplete and manipulated facts. Moreover the procedure followed
by the JAG was highly improper as the Chief Justice pointed out to him in his reply to his letter. If the JAG had reasons to believe that the judge might not be impartial,
he needed to raise it in open court by way of a motion to challenge.

[read the rest at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2015/04/higher-justice-jags-indifference-to-his.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=
Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29
]

-----------

IS THE JAG UNGOVERNABLE [by Michel Drapeau]
Occupying the most senior position in the administration of military justice in Canada and entrusted with the administration of military law and the dispension of both criminal and administrative justice within the military establishment, more than anyone else, Major General Cathcart understands the law and his corresponding onerous duty to do nothing that either destroy or weaken public confidence in legal institutions or authorities by inappropriate or impermissible actions. He also plays a leading role and influence in the day-to-day military decision-making, including those made by the Director of Military Prosecutions and Director of Defence Counsel Services over which he exercises day-to-day supervision and career management stewardship. I am therefore deeply troubled by these transgressions committed by someone who not only holds such unparalled power over the course of the Canadian military justice system but who first and foremost holds a commission from Her Majesty the Queen by which she reposed in him special trust and confidence in his Loyalty, Courage, Honour and Good Conduct.

In the meanwhile, I have written separately to both the Chief of the Defence Staff, General Thomas Lawson, and the Minister of National Defence, the Honorable Jason Kenney, P.C., M.P. noting that given such transgressions, I cannot see how Major-General Catchart can possibly continue as the Judge Advocate General.

[read the rest at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/2015/04/higher-justice-jags-indifference-to-his.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=
Feed:+GlobalMilitaryJusticeReform+%28Global+Military+Justice+Reform%29
]

(posted 3 April 2015)







Pierre Boutet, à gauche, avec le gouverneur-général, image source: http://www.gg.ca/gallery.aspx?id=11264&lan=fra, visité 24 mars 2015
. Félicitations à Pierre Boutet, l'ancien Juge-avocat général, 1993-1998, qui devient membre de l'ordre du Canada, http://nouvelles.gc.ca/web/article-fr.do?nid=931229.



 




.
While surfing this morning, I discovered an exciting society -- The International Society of Military Studies at  http://www.isofms.org/pagina/home.html.  The Royal Military College of Canada is part of that Society.

(posted 10 February 2015)




. The first cartoonist in Canada -- Brigadier-General George Townshend (Part I)

. One of the reasons I joined the Canadian Forces in 1974 was my love for military history.  I seriously started getting interested in Canadian art only in the late eighties.  Time to relax again from the the solitude of the Law with a mix of art and military history which is very good for the education and morale of officers.     

   
Field Marshall George Townshend was a British officer who took command of the English army at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham in 1759 after General Wolfe was taken out of action.  Most Canadians probably don't know that Townshend was also a great caricaturist.

Here is one of his drawing:


George Townshend, More Disgraceful Laxity!, 1759, image source:
http://www.mccord-museum.qc.ca/en/collection/artifacts/M1443 

"En Nouvelle-France, il [le brigadier général George Townshend] s'amuse à caricaturer son supérieur,
Wolfe, qu'il déteste.  Il fait circuler ses caricatures parmi les officiers.  Wolfe qui a une santé chancelante
est toujours reproduit le mouchoir à la main.  Ses caricatures sont conservées au Musée McCord de
Montréal.  Une série en particulier tourne en dérision la manie de Wolfe de vérifier la propreté des
latrines durant le siège de Québec, et on voit le général penché sur les sièges d'aisance prononcer à l'aide
d'une bulle dans un excellent français: « Évidemment, les espions puants sont ici!!  Plus de trahison!  Et
puis, une dame! ».  En fait, le général commandait que de nouvelles toilettes soient creusées tous les trois
jours, craignant toujours que des espions n'investissent son camp!"
(Source: Aird, Robert, 1975-, Mira Falardeau, 1948-, Histoire de la caricature au Québec, Montréal: VLB, 2009,
248 p. , à la p. 11: ill.; 23 cm. Collection: études québécoises; 87.  NOTES: Comprend des réf. bibliogr.: p. [247]-
248. ISBN: 9782896490189).

----

"The tides of war in 1758 brought Townshend up the St. Lawrence River to Quebec where he became the first
cartoonist in what eventually would be known as Canada.  General James Wolfe, the leader of the expedition,
was younger than Townshend and, in Townshend's opinion, his inferior in every other respect.  Soon after they
arrived before the walls of Quebec, Townshend was circulating caricatures of Wolfe among his fellow officers.

During the seige of Quebec before the decisive battle on the Plains of Abraham, General Wolfe was meticilous
about sanitation in the British camps, ordering new toilets to be dug every three days.  Townshend drew cartoons
about his commanding officer and the latrines.

'If we live,' threatened Wolfe, according to the later recollections of one of his other officers, 'this will be inquired into.'

Townshend replied by criticizing Wolfe's tactics and threatening to bring him before a Parliamentary inquiry when
they returned home.  It wasn't necessary.  The General died on the field of battle, mercifully spared the sight of
Townshend accepting the surrender of the French forces."
(Source: Desbarats, Peter and Terry Mosher, The Hecklers: A History of Canadian Political Cartooning and a Cartoonists'
History of Canada, Toronto: McCelland and Stewart and National Film Board of Canada, 1979, 256 p., at pp. 21-22:
 ill. ; 23 x 27 cm, ISBN: 0771026862).

(posted in January or February 2015; amended 24 September 2015)



. In the Factum of the Appellants in the Moriarity and Hannah v. R. appeal before the Supreme Court of Canada, we read at  p. 23, paragraph 70 that: "Of note, before the enactment of s. 165.17(3) of the NDA, a former JAG recommended that military prosecutions be under the supervision of the Attorney General.93"    Footnote 93 reads: "Jerry Pitzul, Speaking Notes, Advisory Committee on Defence, 3 February 1997, Halifax" (emphasis added in bold).   I got a copy of this six page document from one the Appellant' book of authorities -- click here to read the document.    In my opinion, this statement about the "former JAG" is not 100% accurate.

Lieutenant-Colonel Jerry Pitzul, the "former JAG", retired from the Canadian Forces (CF) in 1995.  He was then appointed Director for Public Prosecutions for the province of Nova Scotia in 1995 and held that position when the document was written and faxed in 1997.  In 1998, he reenrolled in the CF and was appointed Judge Advocate General, effective 14 April 1998.

When Mr. Pitzul wrote this opinion in 1997, he was a civilian, he was not the JAG nor had he been the JAG;  however, he did subsequently reenrolled in the military and became the JAG.  I just felt obliged to clarify this important point. 

(posted on 9 January 2015; amended 12 January 2015; and substantially corrected on 10 July 2015)






« En plus, le condamne à mort pour outrage et voies de fait. »
"In addition, sentence him to death for contempt and assault."
. Dessin de  Félix Vallotton, 1865-1925, parut dans L'Assiette au beurre en 1902 (source de l'image: http://www.magasinpittoresque.be/assiette-au-beurre/crimes-et-chatiments/Vallotton-773.htm, site visité le 23 décembre 2014)
"Félix Vallotton (1865-1925) was born in Lausanne, which is now home to the Fondation Félix Vallotton.
He moved to Paris in 1882 to study under Jules Joseph Lefebvre and Gustave Boulanger at the Académie Julian.
In 1891 Félix Vallotton made his first woodcut, an art to which he devoted much of his time for the next decade,
inspired by the Japanese ukiyo-e prints that were such a formative influence on the Impressionists, post-Impressionists,
and Symbolists. Also in the 1890s Vallotton was a key member of the post-Impressionist alliance known as Les Nabis;
he was particularly close to Édouard Vuillard, Pierre Bonnard, and Maurice Denis. As a printmaker, Félix Vallotton is
best-known for his woodcuts, but he also produced some powerful lithographs, in particular the 23 original colour
lithographs that comprise the 1902 Crimes et Châtiments issue of the anarchist satirical journal  L'Assiette au Beurre,
protesting oppression by all forms of authority: the state, church, bosses, parents, sexual predators, and especially the
police."  (image source: , accessed on 23 December 2014)
------
"Il suffit de mentionner le Paris des années 1890 pour évoquer une grande ville bouillonnante de vie, agitée d'une
extraordinaire variété d'idées et d'engouements de toutes sortes.  Les arts y étaient en pleine effervescence, les injustices
sociales et les abus politiques dénoncés, tandis que de nouveaux idéaux commençaient à se faire jour.  Le jeune peintre-
graveur Félix Vallotton a témoigné des évènements et des idées de cette période dans ses illustrations pour de nombreux
journaux parus, pour la plupart, à Paris entre 1893 et 1903.  Aujourd'hui, ces oeuvres font revivre cette époque avec ses
occupations banales, ses amusements, les problèmes de la vie quotidienne, mais aussi les secousses de la vie politique,
et les démêlés avec la police et les tribunaux.  Comme toujours chez Vallotton, la condition des hommes est décrite avec
humour et lucidité." (source: Vallotton, Félix, 1865-1925, Georges Herscher, Vallotton, dessinateur de presse / introduction,
Ashley St-James; légendes, André Berelowitch; choix des documents, Georges Herscher, Paris : Chêne, 1979, [92] p.: ill.;
30 cm.  ISBN: 2851082248)


(mis en ligne, le 23 décembre 2014)




Image source:http://www.scc-csc.gc.ca/court-cour/judges-juges/current-actuel-eng.aspx
. On 12 May 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada will hear the following cases:

1)  Moriarity and Hannah v. R., 2014 CMAC 1, leave to appeal to S.C.C. granted; SCC Docket --35755 -------Factum of Appellants
2)  Vézina c. R., 2014 CMAC 3 leave to appeal to S.C.C. granted; SCC Docket -- 35873
18. The constitutional questions stated by the Chief Justice of this Court are:

a. Does para. 130(1)(a) of the National Defence Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. N-5, violate s. 7 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms?

b. If so, is the infringement a reasonable limit prescribed by law as can be demonstrably justified in a free and democratic society under section 1 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms?

If the second question is answered negatively, the Court would be required to determine the appropriate remedy under s. 52 of the Constitution Act, 1982. [source: Factum of Appellants]


3)  Arsenault v. Canada, 2014 CMAC 8, leave to appeal to S.C.C. grantedSCC Docket -- 35946

 
(posted on 15 December 2014)






. "The Military Law Centre on the grounds of RMC, staffed with 12 military lawyers, oversees the education of officers and troops in legal matters ranging from the Forces' own code of conduct to the laws of war. It trains military lawyers and advises Ottawa on matters of policy and doctrine." (source: http://www.royalmilitarycollege.ca/, accessed on 25 September 2014)

(posted on 25 September 2014)



. The  Field Punishment No. 1 (Part I)

 

"Field Punishment No. 1
This is a drawing of Field Punishment No. 1, nicknamed
"crucifixion" by soldiers. Soldiers were tied for two hours
a day in full view of their fellow soldiers. Rendered immobile
by their restraints, soldiers could not move or scratch against
common irritants such as flies or lice.

Untitled
Drawn by Private Thomas Fisher
CWM 20030054-001"

For more information...go to http://www.museedelaguerre.ca/cwm/exhibitions/guerre/photo-e.aspx?PageId=2.C.1.g&photo=3.D.2.bi&f=%2fcwm%2fexhibitions%2fguerre%2fdiscipline-punishment-e.aspx

(accessed on 13 May 2014)





. The JAG annual report for 2010-2011 is now available on the internet at http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/about-reports-pubs-military-law-annual-2010-11/index.page?

(posted on 23 April 2014)



. On 24 March 2014, the Minister of National Defence tabled in the House of Commons the annual report,  1 April 2010 - 31 March 2011,  of the Judge Advocate General, pursuant to s. 9.3(3) of the National Defence Act. (sessional paper No. 8560-412-735-01, see Journals of the House at http://www.parl.gc.ca/HousePublications/Publication.aspx?Language=E&Mode=1&Parl=41&Ses=2&DocId=6475542.

As of 30 March 2014, the report has not been published on the internet.  Transparency lacking?  As we all know, the report is very late. 


(posted on 31 March 2014) 


. On 28 March 2014, the government tabled in the House of Commons, Bill C-31, An Act to Implement certain provisions of the budget tabled in Parliament on February 11, 2014 and other measures -- http://www.parl.gc.ca/content/hoc/Bills/412/Government/C-31/C-31_1/C-31_1.PDF.  Sections 168 to 170  of Bill C-31 amends the National Defence Act:
Division 7 of Part 6 amends the National Defence Act to recognize the
historic names of the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army and the Royal
Canadian Air Force while preserving the integration and the unification
achieved under the Canadian Forces Reorganization Act and to provide that
the designations of rank and the circumstances of their use are prescribed in
regulations made by the Governor in Council.
[Source: Summary of Bill]


(posted on 31 March 2014)



. On 27 March 2014, Gilles Létourneau informed us how he saw the problem with Canadian Military Justice:

Will Justice and Fairness Prevail?

In his article entitled ‘Anglo-American’ Military Justice Systems and the Wave of Civilianization: Will Discipline Survive?, Lieutenant-Colonel S.S. Strickey of the Office of the Canadian Judge Advocate General asks whether discipline will survive as a result of what he calls civilianization of military justice.
The issue in Canada is not about civilianization of military justice.  Far from it. It is about justice itself.  It is about justice and fairness to soldiers who, as Canadian citizens, are entitled to it as much as civilians when it comes to the military prosecution of ordinary criminal law offences.
....
The remedy is a simple one. Let the civilian courts try ordinary criminal law offences and  the military institute disciplinary proceedings against military offenders.  In this way the military offenders retain their civil rights that they can invoke before civilian tribunals and the military can secure discipline for disciplinary offences before military tribunals.

[READ THE COMPLETE AND IMPORTANT ARTICLE AT:  Gilles Létourneau
, "Will Justice and Fairness Prevail?", Global Military Justice Reform web site, blog, 27 March 2014, available at  http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/ (accessed on 28 March 2014)]

(posted on 28 March 2014)



. On 19 March 2014, Gilles Létourneau's blog, "A move towards equality of rights for Canadian soldiers",  http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/, informs us that  R. v. Moriarity & Hannah, 2014 CMAC 1, requiring a military nexus for par. 130(1)(a) of the National Defence Act, is being appealed to the Supreme Court of Canada:

As expected, the military is appealing the Moriarity decision to the Supreme Court of Canada.
It will be interesting to see if the Supreme Court will be prone to have civilians and children
tried by military tribunals even when there is a military nexus and members of the Canadian
Armed Forces when there is no such nexus
.

(posted on 20 March 2014)


. Noticed an interesting paper on DND policy in Matthew Alle, Breaking Tradition: A Look at Crisis Management Mechanisms in the Federal Government, University of Ottawa, prepared for Prof. David Zussman, 7/21/2012, ii, 46 p.; available at https://www.ruor.uottawa.ca/en/bitstream/handle/10393/23866/ALLE%2c%20Matthew%2020125.pdf?sequence=1  and https://www.ruor.uottawa.ca/en/handle/10393/23866 (accessed on 25 February 2014);


(posted on 25 February 2014)





---------------
Peter Desbarats, image source:                                     Peter Desbarats, Somalia Cover-up:
 johnkennethgalbraithliteraryaward.ca/judgesbios/peterdesbarats.htm,                A Commissioner's Journal, Toronto :
 accessed on 23 April 2014                                           M&S (McClelland and Stuart Inc.), c1997, [v], 349 p.,
. Peter Desbarats passed away on 11 February 2014 at the age of 80:
He was dean of the journalism school at the University of Western Ontario and commissioner
of the inquiry into what was known as the Somalia Affair. The government of the day killed it,
but that left Mr. Desbarats free to write perhaps his most important book, Somalia Cover-Up:
A Commissioner’s Journal
.  (source: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/peter-
desbarats-a-media-man-of-the-mad-men-era/article16914123/, accessed on 16 February 2014)

......


Wednesday, February 5, 1997... When the government last month set out our new deadline [for the Somalia Commission of Inquiry],
Defence Minister Doug Young also appointed several blue-ribbon panels to provide him with quick input for the military reforms that he
has promised to announce by the end of next month.  One of these was composed of historians, including Jack Granatstein,
who continued to take pot shots at us even as he pocketed his contract from the minister.  He referred to Judge Létourneau
as the "great Inquisitor."  Earlier he had defended General Boyle when he appeared before our "kangaroo court," as
Granatstein called it. (Peter Desbarats, Somalia Cover-up: A Commissioner's Journal,
Toronto : M&S (McClelland and Stuart Inc.), c1997, [v], 349 p.,
at p. 248, ISBN:  0771026846).


                          
                             The Globe and Mail, 19 June 1997

(posted on 16 February 2014, amended 18 January and 12 May 2015)



. There is a new kid around the block that has joined the club of military law reformers ... meet Global Military Justice Reform at http://globalmjreform.blogspot.ca/

I think that this little military art photo is à propos:




Jack Nichols, Joining Ship (formely "Shore Leave")

[Photo reproduced from the following book: Heather Robertson, A Terrible Beauty: The Art of
Canada at War
, Toronto: James Lorimer, 1977, at p. 126]

(posted on 16 February 2014)


. I am concerned that the Minister of National Defence has not yet tabled in the House of Commons the 2010-2011 annual report of the Judge Advocate General   There is a statutory obligation under the National Defence Act  to do so.  The Judge Advocate General has been very late in submitting it to the Minister.

(posted on 11 February 2014)


. I recently obtained the JAG Primary Reserve Study, Interim Report, 13 November 2012 under DND Acess to Information and Privacy letter dated 3 February 2014, file A-2013-01407
(posted on 8 February 2014)


. If you are doing research, these two Defence Administrative Orders and Directives (DAODs) should be very helpful::
(posted on 28 January 2013; amended on 11 February 2014)


.
Here is the part of the Department of National Defence -- Departmental Performance Report 2012-2013 dealing with the Office of the Judge Advocate General:

Office of the Judge Advocate General

The Judge Advocate General (JAG) is appointed by the Governor in Council and carries out a statutorily-based mandate, as set out in the National Defence Act, to act as legal advisor to the Governor General, the Minister of National Defence (MND), the Department of National Defence (DND) and the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) in matters relating to military law and to superintend the administration of military justice. Military law encompasses all international and domestic law relating to the governance, administration and operations of the DND and CAF. The JAG carries out his statutory mandate through the Office of the JAG.

In Fiscal Year (FY) 2012-13 demands for JAG legal advice and services were at their highest point since the Office began tracking this data in 1998, a 5.5% increase over FY 2011-12 demands. Over the past 6 years the OJAG has experienced a continuing trend of increased service demands and it is anticipated that this trend will continue in upcoming FYs.  During FY 2012-13, as per the JAG’s Mission and Vision document, the Office of the JAG demonstrated the ability to be an agile military team of operationally-focused, globally deployable and networked professionals. This contributed to a disciplined force and to DND/CAF mission success.

During the reporting period, legal officers (including deployed legal officers) from the Office of the JAG provided legal services to CAF international operations – most notably mission transition and training operations in Afghanistan as well as strategic and operational level legal advice on maritime security and counter-terrorism operations in the Arabian Sea as part of Canada's contribution to Combined Task Force 150 through Operation ARTEMIS. Legal officers also provided legal services to CAF domestic and continental operations – including sovereignty operations across Canada’s North, assistance to Canadian law enforcement authorities such as the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO), and Canada Boarder Services Agency (CBSA), assistance to civil authorities in addressing humanitarian situations such as fires and floods, and maritime operations in the Caribbean Sea in support of US Coast Guard counter-narcotics law enforcement operations. Legal officers have provided legal advice in respect of the implementation of international agreements impacting upon CAF operations.  The Office of the JAG has also been an active participant in numerous international efforts to clarify and disseminate international law such as the recently released Tallinn Manual on international law related to cyber operations. Additionally, legal officers have been involved in the development of legislative initiatives including Bill S-10 which would implement Canada's obligations under the Convention on Cluster Munitions, Bill C-425 which seeks to amend the federal Citizenship Act and other Memoranda to Cabinet concerning potential future legislative initiatives.

The demand for legal advice and services during the planning and conduct of CAF international and domestic operations is but one expression of the emphasis that the DND and CAF places on the adherence to the Rule of Law. The Office of the JAG also provides legal advice in respect of a number of important administrative law issues. This included providing legal advice in the resolution of grievances by the final authority in the grievance process; providing legal advice in respect of creating compensation and benefits policies for CAF members and creating military HR policy and providing legal advice on the structure and organization of the CAF. The OJAG is also responsible for administering the service estates of deceased CAF service members.

Legal officers were also active in the provision of legal advice and support services within the military justice system, both at the summary trial level and as counsel before courts martial and the Court Martial Appeal Court of Canada. This high level of engagement both assisted in the further development of the military justice system as a means of fairly administering discipline and contributed to the evolution of Canadian law.

In keeping with the continuous improvement culture of the Office of the JAG, we have completed phase 1 of a comprehensive evaluative study aimed at reviewing the roles and functions served by the JAG Primary Reserve List (PRL) in advancing the JAG Mission and Vision, with a view to determining transformational measures meriting consideration for implementation in further phases.  During phase 1, a working group comprised of Regular Force and Reserve legal officers, chaired by the Assistant DJAG/Reserves, surveyed the JAG PRL organization, focusing on devolved substantive legal advisory and support roles undertaken by JAG PRL legal officers as well as organizational, governance and cultural matters of importance. Their report, delivered to the JAG in June 2012, sets a foundation for phase 2 of the study, which will involve critical analysis of the JAG PRL organization and mission in order to determine and assess potential improvements and efficiencies to achieve best utilization of these important personnel resources in furtherance of the Office of the JAG’s supporting legal advisory mandate to DND and the CAF. (source: http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/about-reports-pubs-departmental-performance/2013-section-iv-office-judge-advocate-general.page?, accessed on 25 November 2013)

(posted on 25 November 2013)

.
I obtained from DND, the result of Access to Information Act request A-2013-00565, containing, almost totally, The Military Police Policies and Technical Procedures Manual /  Les Consignes et les procédures techniques de la police militaire, A-SJ-100-004/AG-000, 2000? issued on authority of the Canadian Forces Provost Marshal, 1045 p. (with changes/amendments from 2000 to 14 September 2007), available at http://www.lareau-law.ca/A-2013-00565.pdf (accessed on 17 October 2013);

(posted on 17 October 2013)

. There is a new book on courts martial, Teresa Iacobelli,  Death or Deliverance: Canadian Courts Martial in the Great War, Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press (UBC Press), 2013, 192 p., ISBN: 9780774825672 (http://www.ubcpress.ca/search/title_book.asp?BookID=299174177; (accessed on 29 September 2013);

(posted on 29 September 2013)


. For history buffs on Canadian military law, I found two excellent papers on military law now published on the internet:


HUNTER, T.M., Some aspects of disciplinary policy in the Canadian  services, 1914-1946, [Ottawa?] : Army Headquarters, Historical Section, report number 91, 15 July 1960, 131 leaves, 29 cm;  "NOTES: "This report was prepared by Lt.-Col. T.M. Hunter, a  member of the Law Society of British Columbia"--Leaf 114; available at http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/rep-rap/ahqrd-drqga-eng.asp?txtType=3&RfId=280 and http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/rep-rap/doc/ahqr-rqga/ahq091.pdf (accessed on 14 September 2013);


HITSMAN, J.M. (Capt), The Visiting Forces Act 1941-44,
Army Headquarters, Historical Section, report number 180, 29 July 1947, 43 p., available at   http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/rep-rap/cmhqrd-drqgmc-eng.asp?txtType=2&RfId=
180http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/rep-rap/doc/cmhq/cmhq180.pdf
(accessed on 14 September 2013); contains the "Creation of the Office of the Judge-Advocate-General Canadian Army Oversas" at pp. 36-38; Appendix "A" -- Chart showing initial distribution of JAGs staff, 21 Army Group, at p. 40; and Appendix "B", Part XV -- The Functions of the Deputy Judge Advocate General and his Staff at pp. 40-43;

(posted 15 September 2013)


. Here is a copy of the Canadian Forces Military Law Center, Presiding Officer Certification Training Student Desk Book, version 2.2 (September 2012), Kingston: Canadian Forces Academy, 2012, 532 p. at http://www.lareau-law.ca/PresidingOfficer.pdf;

(posted on 13 September 2013)






Image source: http://www.forces.gc.ca/assets/FORCES_Internet/docs/en/about/code-eng.pdf, accessed 9 September 2015
Just noted a new code for the CF -- Department of National Defence and Canadian Forces  Code of Values and Ethics, 2013, available at http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/about/code-of-values-and-ethics.page; 

This DND and CF Code of Values and Ethics is a directive that applies to employees of the Department of National Defence and an order that applies to officers and non-commissioned members of the Canadian Forces.  A breach of its principles, values or expected behaviours may result in administrative and / or disciplinary measures being taken under this DND and CF Code of Values and Ethics and the relevant Defence Administrative Orders and Directives (DAODs).   In addition for CF members, compliance with the DND and CF Code of Values and Ethics is deemed necessary for good order and discipline and disciplinary measures as may also be warranted under the Code of Service Discipline.

(posted on on 13 September 2013)





. Just love the faces on these chess pieces!


Crédit photographique: pièces d'un jeu d'échecs, "île de Lewis, Hébrides, Écosse, sculpté[es] en ivoire de
dent de morse, XIIe siècle", British Museum (Fred Eng)

(Put on line on 29 August 2013)

 
. The Canadian Bar Association National Military Law Conference was held on 7 June 2013; the conference materials can be found at http://www.cba.org/cba/cle/pdf/MIL13_Materials.pdf

(put on line on 26 August 2013)


. Time to relax again.  Here are some pictures from my 1974-75 Basic Officers's course at Canadian Base Chilliwack.  We had a lot of fun in our platoon, especially on the parade square!


My basic training CFB Chilliwack, 1974-1975







Sergeant Major (video still at 2:11)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ozBVguR5lrA



Canadian Army Warrant
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rCjxZnYRRtg
&list=TLzotWLl8uPA4





Têtes à claques -- Le Taliban
http://www.tetesaclaques.tv/le_taliban_vid9




Bad Lads Army 2 (video still at 1:05)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gP0SJibWts4

(posted on 18 August 2013; amended 3 November 2015)



 
Bill Fenrick will receive the 2013 Weldon Award for Unselfish Public Service -- http://www.dal.ca/faculty/law/alumni-friends/alumni-awards/weldon-award-for-unselfish-public-service.html.  Bill Fenrick was with the office of the Judge Advocate General  from 1974 to 1994.  I worked with Bill in Halifax.  Bravo Bill!

 (posted on 11 July 2013; amended 3 November 2015)




  On 24 June 2013, William Kenney, former OJAG Librarian,  passed away at the age of 83.  I first worked with Bill Kenney in the second half of the seventies while he was the JAG Librarian.  He was always very helpful and meticulous.  Being myself  a "rat de bibliothèque" or bookworm, I appreciated his good work in the library! (see www.legacy.com/obituaries/ottawacitizen/obituary.aspx?page=lifestory&pid=165538851)



Another photo of Bill reproduced from McDONALD, R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, at p. 220.


(posted on 7 July 2013; amended 28 September 2016)
  



. On 19 June 2013, Bill C-15, Strengthening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Act , received Royal Assent; see the  following:
    - New Release, "Minister MacKay welcomes Royal Assent to Bill C-15, NR.13. 198 -- June 21, 2013"  at http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/news-nouvelles/news-nouvelles-eng.asp?id=4852; and
     -Backgrounder, "Bill C-15: Strengthening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Act, BG--13.022 -- June 21, 2013" , available at http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/news-nouvelles/news-nouvelles-eng.asp?id=4846


(posted on 24 June 2013)

 


.    Major-General Blaise Cathcart, "New Challenges in Canadian Military Law", Royal Canadian Military Institute, 17 April 2013, 40:21 minutes, available at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jaZbYaaiWDw (accessed on 28 May 2013);

(posted on 28 May 2013)





. Doing research on the work of the Honourable Patrick J. Lesage's, Report of the Second Independent Review Authority to the Honourable Peter G. MacKay, December 2011?  I have obtained from the DND Access to Information and Privacy Office, the "Inventory List 2013/5 created by the Director History and Heritage for records being held by DND concerning the Second Independent Review Authority in December 2011 that was conducted by Justice Lesage on the review of the National Defence Act."; see the  Inventory.

(posted on 5 May 2013)





. Jennifer Brown recently reported how Major-General Blaise Cathcart, the Judge Advocate General, explained his lessons learned on how to run a successful legal office:

Lesson 1: Find and recruit the right people
“This may sound trite but the obviousness of this rule leads to a risk that we treat recruiting and hiring as a routine practice and not what it truly is, which is the first step in building our organization for tomorrow. We need to treat every new hire as if they are one day going run the organization. We should do our best to hire those who demonstrate potential as lawyers, as managers, and importantly as leaders,” he said.

Lesson 2: Invest in the education and training of your people
“Seek and identify future stars from within. Our succession plan is designed to continually develop the legal officers.” Some officers in the JAG office receive fully subsidized education at the masters-degree level in international, air and space, and constitutional law. About 25 per cent of all officers in the JAG have post-grad degrees in law.

Lesson 3: Build a strong team
“One of the sure-fire ways to get dedicated and high-performance people is create an atmosphere of mutual support and confidence,” said Cathcart. “This is especially important when your team is small or geographically dispersed.”

Lesson 4: Know the client and the business
“For me and my team the client is the Crown; the executive branch of the Canadian government. We have to understand their goals.”

Lesson 5: Trust your people
“There’s always a risk that a young legal officer alone halfway around the world in the middle of the night is going to make a mistake. That is unavoidable but can be mitigated by applying lessons 1 to 4.”

[source:  Jennifer Brown, "JAG offers lessons learned to in-house counsel", available at http://www.canadianlawyermag.com/4623/jag-offers-lessons-learned-to-in-house-counsel.html, accessed on 24 April 2013]

(posted on 25 April 2013)


.
Souvenirs, souvenirs...Being in the Canadian Forces means getting posted once in a while.  In 1981, I got posted from Ottawa to Canadian Forces Base Lahr
    in the Federal Republic of Germany.  It was packing time in Ottawa before the posting and one of my sons liked the boxes!


 
Photo by François Lareau

(posted on 22 April  2013, amended 25 April 2015)


. There are good questions on the Order Paper in the House of Commons...here is one:

Q-1200 — February 27, 2013 — Mr. Regan (Halifax West) — With regard to military costs, for each of fiscal years 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012,
what were the total costs for salaries, operations and maintenance for the (i) Office of the Judge Advocate General, (ii) Office of the Chief Military Judge,
(iii) Office of the Director Military Prosecutions, (iv) Office of the Defence Counsel Services, (v) Office of the Deputy Judge Advocate General-Military Justice?
(http://parl.gc.ca/HousePublications/Publication.aspx?Language=E&Mode=1&Parl=41&Pub=NoticeOrder&Ses=1&File=9, accessed on 14 April 2013)

(posted on 14 April  2013)


. It is one thing to know Canadian military law; it is another thing to know how to make military law.  As part of this practical process, here is the work description of the Director Parliamentary Affairs (DParlA).  I got this information from the Access to Information and Privacy Office at NDHQ without making a request as another rersearcher had already asked for that information.  I heard that there are about 35 persons working at DParlA (Directorate of Parliamentary Affairs).

(posted on 13 April  2013)


On 28 March 2013, the Minister of National Defence officially reacted to  the Military Judges Compensation Committee:

"...the Government does not accept the recommendation to increase the level of remuneration
 to that of federally appointed judges over the quadrennial period."

[part of the response, see http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/mobil/news-nouvelles-eng.asp?id=4706
and http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/mobil/news-nouvelles-eng.asp?id=4706#/site/reports-rapports/military-judge-report/index-eng.asp]

       It would have been helpful to have evidence on the record as to how many hours a military judge spends in court every year.


(posted on 6 April  2013)


On 20 March 2013, the clerk of the National Defence Standing Committee of the House of Commons, Leif-Erik Aune, sent me a copy of the public briefs submitted by witnesses under the committee's study of Bill C-15.  Here is part of the brief of The Honorable Justice (retired) Gilles Létourneau, entitled "Text of Oral Remarks on Bill C-15 -- Strengthening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Delivered by the Honorable Justice (retired) Gilles Létourneau", at pp. 4-5:


CONCERNS WITH THE PROVISIONS CONTAINED IN BILL C-15

With this background information in mind, allow me to bring to your attention concerns I have about some of the provisions of Bill C-15,
either in respect of their constitutionality or the unwarranted unequal treatment they afford to a member of the Armed Forces charged with
a service offence based on the Cr. Code.

THE SUMMARY TRIAL


Let me start with the Summary Trial which is presided over by a member of the chain of command.
This form of trial has been found to be unconstitutional in 1997 by the European Court of Human Rights (See page 36 in my Book) because
it did not meet the requirements of independence and impartiality set out in Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights. As a result
of this decision and others, the British Parliament enacted legislation which now provides guarantees to an accused soldier. These provisions include
the following
a.  the accused may be represented by counsel;
b.  the accused is entitled to an Appeal to the newly created Summary Appeal Court;
c.  the Summary Appeal Court is presided by a civilian judge, assisted by two military members who are officers or warrant officers; and
d.  as a general rule, imprisonment or service detention cannot be imposed where the offender is not legally represented in that court or in a court martial.

As a result, the British Parliament has gone a long way to ensure a fair treatment of soldiers facing summary trials. Similar changes have taken place in
Ireland, Australia, New Zealand as well as France, Belgium, Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania and Netherlands, to name a few. However,
despite the fact the requirements of independence, impartiality, fairness and justice are the same in Canada, and if anything they are more compelling
because, in Canada, they are entrenched in the Constitution, our men and women in uniform are still denied fair treatment at a summary trial.

[also available in French/aussi disponible en français]

(posted circa 21 March 2013)

I got an interesting document for researchers: National Defence, Access to Information Act Standard Operating Procedures, December 2011, 59 p., a completed Access to Information Act Request A-2012-01212, see http://www.lareau-law.ca/ATI2012-00889.pdf

(posted on 8 March 2013)


On retourne aux arts pour réfléchir sur les obligations des députés (du législateur) envers les vétérans et les canadiens en général.


Crédit photographique: © Jean Vigne, 1933-2010


« Le Poilu au député :
- Nous avons fait notre besogne, nous autres ...
À votre tour ! ... »

Le Petit Journal - 21 décembre 1919




Nous pourrions changer dans le dessin, le poilu par le vétéran canadien qui est allé en Afghanistan.

La plupart des députés actuels ne savent probablement pas que le Projet de loi  C-45, la Loi sur les mesures de réinsertion et d'indemnisation des militaires et vétérans des Forces canadiennes, voir LEGISinfo  a été adoptée par la Chambre des communes sans avoir été étudiée en profondeur par un comité de la Chambre.  Avec la constestation constitutionnelle de Daniel Christopher Scott et al., Plaintiffs AND The Attorney General of Canada, PDF voir ici, des questions importantes sont soulevées: premièrement il est temps qu'un comité de la Chambre analyse et révise cette loi  (qu'elle fasse son boulot à son tour! comme dit le dessin), et deuxièmement que le ministre de la Justice informe la Chambre sur la constitutionalité de cette loi, suite aux révélations de l'avocat  Monsieur Edgar Schmidt (voir http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/judge-raps-justice-officials-for-treatment-of-whistle-blower/article7394559/ ).  Une décision judiciaire défavorable au gouvernment peut s'avérer très coûteuse pour les payeurs de taxes -- nous avons le droit de savoir s'il y a des risques sérieux d'inconstitutionnalité.


(mis en ligne le 8 mars 2013)


. On Monday, 4 March 2013, The Hill's Times published Michel Drapeau's article "Time to rebrand JAG as CF Legal adviser".

(posted on 5 March 2013)


. On 25 February 2013, I obtained,  following an Access to Information and Privacy Request, the Departmental Clause by Clause Analysis of Bill C-15, the Strenghtening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Act, First reading, 7 October 2011, for further details on Bill C-15, go to my Bibliography

(posted on 26 February 2013)


. Commander (retired) Douglas Grant Sherlock who retired from the Office of the Judge Advocate General, Canadian Forces in 1979 died on 28 January 2013 at the age of 83.  He wrote a thesis and article entitled The Doctrine of Hot Pursuit in International Law, see my bibliography, infra

(posted on 8 February 2013)



. There are 14 MPs who have service in the Canadian Forces (source: http://www.parl.gc.ca/ParlInfo/lists/MilitaryService.aspx?Language=F&Menu=HOC-Bio&Section
      =03d93c58-f843-49b3-9653-84275c23f3fb&Parliament=1924d334-6bd0-4cb3-8793-cee640025ff6&Name=&Party=&Province=&Gender=&Conflict=
)

ATAMANENKO, Alex, NDP,  alex.atamanenko@parl.gc.ca 
CHISU, Corneliu, conservative,
corneliu.chisu@parl.gc.ca
GARNEAU, Marc, liberal,  marc.garneau@parl.gc.ca
GOLDRING, Peter, conservative,  peter.goldring@parl.gc.ca
HAWN, Laurie, conservative, laurie.hawn@parl.gc.ca
LAMOUREUX, Kevin, liberal, kevin.lamoureux@parl.gc.ca
LAROSE, Jean-François, NDP, jean-francois.larose@parl.gc.ca
LEMIEUX, Pierre, conservative, pierre.lemieux@parl.gc.ca
MARSTON, Wayne, NDP, wayne.marston@parl.gc.ca
MOORE, Christine, NDP, christine.moore@parl.gc.ca
O'CONNOR, Gordon, conservative, gordon.oconnor@parl.gc.ca
OPITZ, Ted, conservative, ted.opitz@parl.gc.ca
O'TOOLE, Erin, conservative, erin.otoole@parl.gc.ca
SELLAH, Madame Djaouida, NDP, djaouida.sellah@parl.gc.ca

(posted on 30 January 2013)




. On 28 January 2013, I obtained,  following an Access to Information and Privacy request, the Departmental Clause by Clause Analysis of Bill C-60, An Act to amend the National Defence Act (court martial) and to make a consequential amendment to another Act, First reading, 6 June 2008;  for further details on Bill C-60, go to my bibliography
FRANÇAIS :
- Le 28 janvier 2013, suite à une demande d'accès à l'information  L'Analyse article par article du ministère du Projet de loi C-60, Loi modifiant la Loi sur la défense nationale (cour martiale) et une autre loi en conséquence, première lecture, le 6 juin 2008; pour plus d'information sur le projet de loi C-60, allez à ma bibliographie

(posted on 29 January 2013)



.
Yes on You Tube! the debates by Elizabeth May on 2nd reading of  Bill C-15 -- Strengthening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Act

  (posted on 27 January 2013)



. There is an interesting lecture by Philippe Lagassé and LCol Alexander Bolt, "National Defence and the Canadian Constitution", 12 February 2013, at the University of Ottawa -- see particulars

  (posted on 21 January 2013)


.
Just noticed that there is now a lot of information on the CF Military Law Centre web page concerning the courses offered, see http://www.cda.forces.gc.ca/cfmlc-cdmfc/index-eng.asp

(posted on 14 January 2013)




. Here is the Amended Notice of Civil Claim in the case of Daniel Christopher Scott, Mark Douglas Campbell, Gavin Michael David Flett, Kevin Albert Matthew
Berry, Bradley Darren Quast, Aaron Michael Bedard
, Plaintiffs AND The Attorney General of Canada, Defendant, before the Supreme Court of British Columbia, Vancouver Registry, 28 November 2012,
No. S-127611 -- PDF  click here

See also the video clip where the lawyer for the plaintiffs, Don Sorochan, appears -- http://www.chbcnews.ca/video/veterans+suing+ottawa/video.html?v=2298478293#video

(posted on 14 January 2013)


.
Regarding the Military Judges Compensation Committee 2012, I have put on line, the following documents:
:
    - Transcript of Public Hearing of 14 June 2012, Ottawa, at  http://www.lareau-legal.ca/MilitaryJ5.pdf;
    - Military Judges' Factum/Submissions (in French, 23 May 2012) at  http://www.lareau-legal.ca/MilitaryJ1.pdf and Reply (in English, 4 June 2012) at  http://www.lareau-legal.ca/MilitaryJ3.pdf;
    - Government of Canada Factum--Submissions (in English) at http://www.lareau-legal.ca/MilitaryJ2.pdf and Reply at http://www.lareau-legal.ca/MilitaryJ4.pdf;

    For more information go to my bibliography

(posted on 7 January 2013)


.
Souvenirs of Lahr, Federal Republic of Germany, all photos, except the one of the city, were taken circa 1982



From the left, the first three persons: Margaret Ann Macdonald, Denis Couture and my wife, Gisèle Lareau (photo taken by
François Lareau)



LAHR -- "Markstrasse is terminated by the old City Hall dating back to 1608" / "L'ancien Hôtel de Ville, érigé en 1608, ferme la rue du marché"
[Texts and part of photo taken from the following book: Lahr: The City Between the Black Forest and Rhine, Lahr/Schwaarzwald: Verlag Moritz
Schauenburg KG, 1969]



From the left, Robert Barnes, person -- I don't remember her name and Bob Garrigan (photo taken by François Lareau)





From the left: Mexi Springer, Nicole Girard and Pierre Boutet (photo taken by François Lareau)



From the left: Gilles Caty, François Lareau and a person -- I don't remember his name.



From the left: a person -- I don't remember her name, François Lareau and Just Letellier.



LAHR -- "Balcony of the old City Hall and the 'Coat of Arms' of the Lion (Loewen) Inn" / "Le perron de l'Ancien Hôtel de Ville et
l'enseigne de l'hôtel au 'Lion' (Löwen)" / "Altan des Alten Rathauses und Wirtshausschild des 'Löwen' '"
[Texts and photo taken from the following book: Lahr: The City Between the Black Forest and Rhine,
Lahr/Schwaarzwald: Verlag Moritz Schauenburg KG, 1969]


Alan (Al) Mitchell -- the SLAE (Senior Legal Advisor Europe)
and Mrs. Gertrud Graham  (photo taken by François Lareau)

(posted on 3 January 2013; two photos added on 19 January 2013)


.
Taking a break from our court martial duties, at the Greek Tavern, Nicosia, Cyprus, 12 June 1982:
   

From the front left, clockwise: François Lareau, Benoît Pinsonneault, Guy Brais, Francis (Frank)
Bergeron and Richard Veuilleux.  The first four CF members were not part of the United Nations
Force in Cyprus but were there on temporary duty for a court martial of  a CF member who had
been involved in incidents while with the UN Force in Cyprus. 



The map is reproduced from the book: John Marteinson and Michael McNorgan, Le Corps blindé royal canadien: une histoire illustrée, publié
par L'Association du Corps blindé royal canadien en collaboration avec le Musée de la guerre, 2001, at p. 371.

(posted on 3 January 2013; amended on 16 January 2013)



.
Regarding Mr. Justice Gilles Létourneau's 2012 book, Introduction to Military Justive : An Overview of Military Penal Justice System and its Evolution in Canada, I have just put on line the English Table of Contents -- click here;

(posted on 1 January 2013)
 


. Time to take a pause from the Law and relax with art, this time with stained glass from the Middle Ages:


Stained glass of knight, Tewkesbury Abbey, England, circa 1340

more on the Knights of Tewkesbury

(posted on 30 December 2012)


.
In December 2012, I got informed that no clause by clause analysis of Bill C-16, An Act to amend the National Defence Act (Military Judges), assented to on 29 November 2011, was sent to
    the Standing Committee on National Defence -- see letter

    (posted on 28 December 2012)



.
The year 2012 has seen important reports/decision/claim concerning  the health and welfare of CF members and veterans:


Photo credit: Department of National Defence, available at
http://ombudsman-veterans.gc.ca/reports-rapports/annual-annuel-2011-2012-eng.cfm#eb


***


- from the Veterans' Ombudsman: -- Veterans' Right to Fair Adjudication: Analysis of Federal Courts Decisions Pertaining to the Veterans Review and Appeal Board, March 2012, available at http://www.ombudsman-veterans.gc.ca/reports-rapports/vrab-tacra-03-2012-eng.cfm

- from the Equitas Disabled Soldiers Funding Society, The Reduction of Canadian Forces Members'  Disability Benefits: The Effects of the 2006  New Veterans Charter,  April 2012, available at http://equitassociety.ca/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/position_paper_NVC_final_april_2012-b.pdf; case of Daniel Christopher Scott, Mark Douglas Campbell, Gavin Michael David Flett, Kevin Albert Matthew
Berry, Bradley Darren Quast, Aaron Michael Bedard
, Plaintiffs AND The Attorney General of Canada, Defendant, now before the Supreme Court of British Columbia, Vancouver Registry, 28 November 2012,
No. S-127611; see also the video clip where the lawyer for the plaintiffs, Don Sorochan, appears -- http://www.chbcnews.ca/video/veterans+suing+ottawa/video.html?v=2298478293#video

- Manuge v. Canada  (2012 FC 499), T-463-07, 1 May 2012; available at http://decisions.fct-cf.gc.ca/en/2012/2012fc499/2012fc499.html

- from the Auditor General -- 2012 Fall Report of the Auditor General of Canada, "Chapter 4 -- Transition of Ill and Injured Military Personnel to Civilian Life", October 2012, available at http://www.oag-bvg.gc.ca/internet/English/parl_oag_201210_04_e_37348.html

-
from the Standing Committee on Veterans Affairs, Restoring Confidence in the Veterans Review and Appeal Board -- Report of the Standing Committee on Veterans Affairsd, December 2012, available at http://www.parl.gc.ca/Content/HOC/Committee/411/ACVA/Reports/RP5930478/411_ACVA_Rpt07_PDF/411_ACVA_Rpt07-e.pdf

- from the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada, Veterans Affairs Canada, Audit Report of the Privacy Commissioner, Section 37 of the Privacy Act, Final Report, 2002, available at http://www.priv.gc.ca/information/pub/ar-vr/ar-vr_vac_2012_e.asp

-
from the Canadian Forces Ombudsman, Reserved Care : A Follow Up into the Treatment of Injured Reservists, available at http://www.ombudsman.forces.gc.ca/rep-rap/sr-rs/rc-sr/index-eng.asp and Fortitude Under Fatigue: Assessing the Delivery of Care for Operational Stress Injuries that Canadian Forces Members Need and Deserve, available at http://www.ombudsman.forces.gc.ca/rep-rap/sr-rs/fuf-csf/index-eng.asp

*****



 
Photo credit: Department of National
Defence, available at http://ombudsman-veterans
.gc.ca/reports-rapports/annual-annuel-2011-2012-eng.cfm#eb



(posted on 17, 20 and 22 December 2012 and 23, 26  January 2013)


.
On 12 December 2012, Bill C-15, the Strengthening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Act, has passed 2nd reading and was referred to Committee in the House of Commons.

 (posted on 17 December 2012)


. Capt (N) Geneviève Bernatchez is one of the participating authors of the Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare, a draft is available at http://issuu.com/nato_ccd_coe/docs/tallinn_manual_draft?mode=window&backgroundColor=%23222222

(posted on 6 December 2012)



. In the Department of National Defence -- Departmental Performance Report 2011-2012, Section IV, "Other Items of Interest", there is a part devoted to the Office of the Judge Advocate General and in particular in regard to the accomplishments during the reporting period:

During the reporting period legal officers from the Office of the JAG provided legal services (including services provided by deployed legal officers) to CF international operations – most notably combat, mission transition and training operations in Afghanistan and air and maritime operations in Libya in support of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1970 and 1973 as well as to CF domestic operations – including sovereignty operations across Canada’s North, assistance to Canadian law enforcement authorities such as the RCMP and CBSA, assistance to civil authorities in addressing humanitarian situations such as fires and floods, and maritime operations in the Caribbean Sea in support of US Coast Guard counter-narcotics law enforcement operations. CF legal officers have also provided legal advice in respect of the negotiation and implementation of international agreements impacting upon CF operations and have been active participants in numerous international efforts to clarify and disseminate international law such as the forthcoming Tallinn Manual on international law related to cyber operations.

The demand for legal advice and services during the planning and conduct of CF international and domestic operations is but one expression of the emphasis that the DND and CF places on the adherence to the Rule of Law. The Office of the Judge Advocate General also provides legal advice in respect of a number of important administrative law issues. This included providing legal advice in the resolution of grievances by the final authority in the grievance process; providing legal advice in respect of creating compensation and benefits policies for CF members and creating military HR policy and providing legal advice on the structure and organization of the CF. Also, the Office of the JAG provided key legal advice respecting the stand-up of Shared Services Canada. During the reporting year, the Office of the JAG was responsible for implementing the special voting rules in respect of the 41st federal election; and was responsible for administering the service estates of deceased CF members.

Legal officers were also active in the provision of legal advice and services within the military justice system both at the summary trial level and as counsel before courts martial, the Court Martial Appeal Court of Canada and the Supreme Court of Canada. This high level of engagement both assisted in the further development of the military justice system as a means of fairly administering discipline and contributed to the evolution of Canadian law. [source: http://www.vcds-vcemd.forces.gc.ca/sites/internet-eng.aspx?page=14712, accessed on 6 December 2012]

(posted on 6 December 2012)


. The House Leader Peter Van Loan's in his Weekly Statement for the week of 29 November gave a faint hope statement for Bill C-15 when he said "We will get back to second reading of Bill C-15, the Strengthening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Act, if we have time." (http://www.lgc.gc.ca/index.asp?lang=eng&page=media&sub=ws-rh&doc=20121129-eng.htm, accessed on 4 December 2012).

(posted on 4 December 2012)


. On 28 November 2012, Major-General Blaise Cathcart made a presentation "Current Issues in the Law of Military Operations" at Columbia Law School.  Here are the topics that were supposed to be covered:

"...his role as a legal advisor to the Government of Canada in matters related to military law and describe
some of the issues facing legal advisors during military operations, such as targeting, detention,
information sharing and the challenges posed by emerging means and methods of warfare such as
computer network operations and autonomous weapons systems. He will also discuss his role as
the superintendent of the administration of military justice in the Canadian Forces."
[source: http://www.law.columbia.edu/calendar/event/621023]




    Photo of Major Lévesque with
     Major-General Cathcart
 

Congratulations to Lieutenant-Commander  Pascal Lévesque -- http://www.hei.ulaval.ca/en_vedette_aux_hei/?tx_ttnews[tt_news]=3302&cHash=86ff3ff8d3d556cc3571c119b9688435  --.

Also congratulations to Major-General Blaise Cathcart on his recent promotion.

(posted on 1 December 2012)



. Mr. Justice Létourneau in his book  Introduction to Military Justice : An Overview of Military Penal Justice System and its Evolution in Canada (see bibliography) has entitled his Conclusion Chapter "Current and Predictable Trends with Respect to Military Justice".  Here is a relevant part that the government  political staff responsible for military law policy and reform should read:

"The requisite minimum would involve an in-depth review of the Act to:

(a) At the level of formal legistic, carry out a fundamental structural and organizational revamping in order to enhance access, consultation
and legibility.  Formal legistic refers to the rules relating to legislative drafting, the structure, internal arrangement and form of legislative texts.
It is a method, a discipline which studies the formal rules governing the wording and appearance of texts, the structure of laws, and the
legislative style; and

(b) on a substantive level, eliminate some obsolete provisions, correct the flaws resulting from an imperfect duplication of the Criminal Code
or, even better, eliminate any duplication of the Criminal Code; revisit the provisions that attract constitutional criticism; for the purposes of a
criminal record, distinguish between that which is of a disciplinary nature and that which is of a truly criminal nature; and modernize the contemnts
of the Act, taking into consideration the Charter and military needs, with a view to achieving a reconciliation between both." (p. 56)

(posted on 28 November 2012)


. Just finished reading a well-researched thesis -- SAMSON, J. Jason, Changing Tactics : Rehabilitating Canadian Justice for Traumatized Veterans, LL.M. thesis, Dalhousie University, 2012, xi, 201 leaves, available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/111417623/CHANGING-TACTICS-REHABILITATING-CANADIAN-JUSTICE-FOR-TRAUMATIZED-VETERANS

(posted on 24 November 2012);

. The military judges win (2:1)!  The Minister of National Defence released on 14 November 2012 the Report on the Military Judges Compensation Committee 2012, dated 28 September 2012; see http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/reports-rapports/mjcc12/index-eng.asp

With this decision, we are one step closer to the civilianization of the military justice.

(posted 16 November 2012)



. It seems to me that the Harper's government has abandonned any notion of urgency with Bill C-15, Strengthening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Act (short title).  DND always seem to be one step behind in the reform process.  There is a lack of leadership somewhere but where?  I have the impression that the political advisors on military matters are at fault.  Am I right?  Please advise.  I will respect confidentiality if you ask for it.

(posted on 12 November 2012)


.
Le juge Létourneau vient d'écrire un livre sur le droit militaire canadien -- Initiation à la justice militaire : un tour d'horizon du système de justice pénale militaire et de son évolution au Canada

The book by Mr. Justice Létourneau is bilingual, the English part is entitled Introduction to Military Justice : An Overview of Military Penal Justice System and its Evolution in Canada

For more information, please go to my bibliography

(posted on 3 and 9 November 2012)


. The image of the soldier as an intellectual...


"Pedro Berruguete [1450-1504], Federico Montefeltro [with his son, circa 1475].
In Berruguete's portrait of Federico, he has put the symbols of war aside to read a
book.  There is no precedent for this depiction of a soldier deeply absorbed in
intellectual activity, and it foretells a major shift in the image of the warrior."

Text and reproduction of image taken from Theodore K. Rabb, The Artist and the
Warrior: Military History Through the Eyes of the Masters
, New Haven: Yale
University Press, 2011, p. 77.

(posted on 30 October 2012)

. On 23 October, the Auditor General of Canada tabled in the House of Commons the 2012 Fall Report; of interest to military lawyers is chapter 4 - "Transition of Ill and Injured Military Personnel to Civilian Life" (report available at http://www.oag-bvg.gc.ca/internet/English/parl_oag_201210_e_37321.html, accessed on 24 October 2012) -- Excellent work!. 

. The debates on second reading of Bill C-15, Strengthening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Act (short title),  in the House of Commons have started again on 22 and 23 October1996 (see LEGISinfo for Bill C-15 )
(posted on 24 October 2012)

. Time to relax again with Canadian art.  Here a few questions and thoughts...

1) Did you know that art has played an important role in war?

Here is a war poster from 1940:


Canada's New Army, circa 1940; the designers and artists were Eric Aldwinkle, 1909-1980
and Albert Cloutier, 1902-1965, Wartime Information Board, Ottawa (most of the text and the
photo come from Robert Stacey, 1949-2007, The Canadian Poster Book: 100 Years of the
Poster in Canada
, Toronto: Methuen, 1979 at p. 17).


2) Did you know that there are books on this topic?  Here is one of them:


Published by the University of Toronto Press, 1984.  The painting is Courcelette from the Cemetery by David
Milne, 1882-1953.


3)  Caricatures have always been an effective weapon:


Caricature of Joseph Goebbels, 1939, by Harry Mayerovitch, 1910-2004, ink and gouache on paper, 17.8 x 20.8 cm, Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec,
Quebec City.

"Certain members of Hitler's immediate circle were also caricatured, notably Herman Goering (1938, MNBAQ) and Joseph Goebbels.  Variations of this head of
Goebbels, the Nazi regime's 'minister of propaganda', appeared in several newspapers of the period." (text and reproduction of the caricature from Esther Trépanier,
Jewish Painters of Montreal: Witnesses of their Time, Montreal: Les Éditions de l'homme,  2008, p. 131).

(posted on 15 October 2012)



. Je viens de recevoir de la section de l'accès à l'information du ministère de la défense nationale  (dossier A-2012000511, lettre du 5 octobre 2012), les commentaires du ministère préparés peu avant le dépôt en première lecture du
projet de loi C-25 qui a reçu première lecture le 4 décembre 1997;  ces commentaires sont en date du mois de juin 1997; allez à ma bibliographie;
(posted on 14 October 2012)


.
I have put on line in pdf format the JAG publication dating back to 1981, You and the Law of War, go to my bibliography

J'ai mis en ligne une publication du JAG datant de 1981, Vous et le droit de la guerre, allez à ma bibliographie 

(posted on 13 October 2012)


.
J'ai mis en ligne le travail de Tammy Tremblay, Le droit international humanitaire confronté aux réalités contemporaines : les insurrections criminelles peuvent-elles être qualifiées de conflits armés?, Académie de droit international humanitaire et de droits humains à Genève, 2011 -- allez à  ma bibliographie  (posted on 28 September 2012).
 
. I have put on line the LL.M. master essay of LCol Roger C. Strum, Military Intervention in Law Enforcement Related Activities in Canada: A Critical Review of Its Use in Peacetime, go to my bibliography (posted on 27 September 2012).

. Question -- in what year was the Canadian Women's Army Corps created?  Answer: 1941

Photo credit: Canadian Business magazine, March 1943.
(posted on 6 September 2012)

. I have put on line the LL.M. thesis of the former JAG, Ken Watkin, entitled Canadian Military Justice: Summary Proceedings and the Charter -- go to my  bibliography
(posted on 29 August 2012).

.
It's summertime and time to relax...here is how Cornelius Krieghoff viewed an Officer's Trophy Room in 1846

Cornelius Krieghoff, 1815-1872, Officer's Trophy Room, 1846, oil 17 1/2" x 25", Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto.
(posted on 13 August 2012)



. On 2 August 2012, The Honourable Patrick J. LeSAGE, Report of the Second Independent Review Authority to the Honourable Peter G. MacKay, Minister of National Defence, December 2011 has been put on the internet, see click here;
FRANÇAIS :
Le 2 août 2012, L'honorable Patrick J. LeSAGE, Rapport final de l'autorité indépendante chargée du deuxième examen à l'honorable Peter G. MacKay Ministre de la Défense nationale, décembre 2011, a été placé sur l'internet, cliquez ici
(posted on 3 August 2012);

.
I just noted the recent publication on the internet of  the Canadian Delegation to the Organization for Security & Cooperation in Europe, Reply to the Questionnaire
 on the Code of Conduct on Politico-Military Aspects of Security
, FSC.EMI/276/12, 27 June 2012, note number 0163, available at
 http://www.osce.org/fsc/91804 (accessed on 2 August 2012)
(posted on 2 August 2012)

. Eight months after the LeSage has been given to the minister of National Defence it still has not been made available to the general public.  True
it was tabled in the House of Commons; however, one copy goes to the Library of Parliament (not a public library) and eventually another copy goes
to Library and Public Archives Canada.

I find it intellectually dishonest for the conservative government to brag about "transparency" and invite CF members to participate in the review process
and subsequently refuse to make the results available to the general public. 

CF members are forbidden to make political statements but I am not!

Seriously, read what the conservatives approved for publication when the second review was announced and tell me if their conduct is ethically correct.

"As part of Defence’s commitment to fairness and transparency, former Chief Justice LeSage (the “Second Independent Review Authority”)
 will have complete access to Department of National Defence (DND) employees, Canadian Forces (CF) members, the members and staff
 of the Canadian Forces Grievance Board, the Military Police Complaints Commission and the Ombudsman for the DND and the CF, as
 well as to any information held by the DND or the CF relevant to the review.

The Second Independent Review Authority will be visiting selected CF bases across Canada to meet with individuals who have comments
 about the subjects under review, and to receive feedback on how the changes made by Bill C-25 and Bill C-60 are functioning.

Individuals who have an interest in the military justice system, the CF grievance process or the military police complaints process, and who
 would like to provide comments to the Second Independent Review Authority, are encouraged to contact him, preferably in writing,
 by July 15th, 2011." (source:http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/feature-vedette/2011/05/20-eng.asp )

(postred on 2 August 2012)


. Did you know that Émile Gibeau, a farmer, was exempted under the Military Service Act, 1917 from being called up for duty as a soldier in 1918?

(source: http://images.ourontario.ca/PrescottRussell/124546/data; accessed and posted on  31 July 2012)

. I put on line Department of National Defence, "Brief for the Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of the Canadian Forces to Somalia: Military Justice", 20, 37, 3 p.,
brief presented to the Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of the Canadian Forces to Somalia, 20 June 1995 and entered as part of exhibit P- 35, Document book 3P;
available at http://www.lareau-legal.ca/BriefSomalia.pdf  (accessed on 31 July 2012);
(posted on 31 July 2012)

.
Jim Simpson in 1944!

In 1944, England, young Jim Simpson entering into a Mosquitoe with 409 Squadron RCAF -- a future JAG!
1944, Angleterre, le jeune Jim Simpson entrant dans un avion Mosquitoe avec la 409e escadrille de l'ARFC -- un futur JAG!
(posted on  30 July 2012 -- photo reproduced from Les actualités JAG Newsletter, Volume 1, 2004 at p. 16)

. 2 May 2012 at the Congress of the International Society for Military Law

Minister of Veterans Affairs Steven Blaney delivered opening remarks today at the 19th Congress of the International Society for Military Law and the Law of War.
Shown here with the Minister are Brig-Gen (ret'd) and former Judge Advocate General Pierre Boutet (L) and the CF's current Judge Advocate General Brig-Gen Blaise
Cathcart (R)  -- reproduce from the Department of Veterans Affairs web site at http://veterans.gc.ca/eng/department/blaney-corner/photos/gallery/391
----
Steven Blaney, ministre des Anciens Combattants, a prononcé ce matin le mot d'ouverture au 19e congrès de la Société internationale de droit militaire et de droit de la
guerre. On aperçoit ici le ministre avec le Brig-gén à la retraite Pierre Boutet (gauche), ancien juge-avocat général et le Brig-gén Blaise Cathcart (droite),
juge-avocat général actuel des Forces canadiennes.-- photo reproduite du site du ministère des Anciens Comattants Canada à http://veterans.gc.ca/fra/ministere/
coin-blaney/photos/galerie/391
(posted 28 July 2012)




. Military souvenir: jewel, military dog tags in gold, bought at the Ledra Palace, Nicosia, Cyprus 1982 where Canadian UN troops were staying .  I had my first name and my wife's first name inscribed. (photo taken by François Lareau)// Souvenir militaire: bijou, plaque d'identité militaire en or, acheté au Ledra Palace, Nicosie, Chypre, en 1982 et où restaient les militaires canadiens des Nations-unies. J'ai fait gravé mon prénom et celui de ma femme. (photo prise par by François Lareau)


(posted July 2012)

. I received today from DND, Access to Information and Privacy Section (file A-2012000511, 24 July 2012),  the Clause by Clause Analysis of Bill C-25,
   An Act to amend the National Defence and to make consequential amendments to other Acts which received Royal Assent on 10 December 1998.
   These comments are dated June 1998, and can be seen at at  PDF  http://www.lareau-legal.ca/BillC-25ClauseByClauseE.pdf
    (posted on 26 July 2012 and revised on 12 October 2012)

. On 14 June 2012, the Military Judges Compensation Committee conducted a public hearing.  This Committee "is established pursuant to section 165.22
    of the National Defence Act to inquire as to the adequacy of the remuneration of military judges and to provide a report to the Minister of National Defence
    containing its recommendations in this regard." (http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/news-nouvelles/news-nouvelles-eng.asp?id=4262).

    On  5 July 2012, I received from Mr. Maxime Faille (Maxime.Faille@gowlings.com), the Executive Secretary and Counsel of the Committee,
    the following pdf files:
    - Transcript of Public Hearing of 14 June 2012, Ottawa
    - Factum/Submissions (in French) and Reply of Military Judges
    - Factum--Submissions and Reply of the Government of Canada

    I have found that the transcript of the 14 June public hearing would be interesting for the public to read.  I will ask the Committee (through Mr. Faille) if it has any
    objection for me to put in on line.


    If you are interested in reading  more on this topic, see:

    - Section 165.22 of the National Defence Act:

Remuneration

165.22
(1) The rates and conditions of issue
of pay of military judges shall be prescribed by
the Treasury Board in regulations.

Review of renumeration
(2) The remuneration of military judges shall be
 reviewed by a Compensation Committee esta-
blished under regulations made by the Governor
in Council. (http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/PDF/N-5.pdf)

    - QR&O, vol. 3, Chapter 204, Financial Benefits and Pay of Military Judges
      Section 1 -- Administration and Section 2 -- Military Judges Compensation Committee
       (http://www.admfincs.forces.gc.ca/qro-orf/vol-03/doc/chapter-chapitre-204.pdf)

    -  On the Governor in Council appointments,  http://www.appointments.gc.ca/prflOrg.asp?PortfolioID=13&type-typ=2&lang=eng

    -   The 2008 report of the Committee -- http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/reports-rapports/mjcc08/index-eng.asp#a2

 (posted on 17 July 2012)


. On 9 July 2012, a Licensing Officer, Crown Copyright and Licensing, Integrated Services Branch,  Public Works and Government Services Canada
    wrote to me that "I would like to confirm that permission to reproduce the requested information [Summary Trial Working Group Report, March 1994]
    is not required, as you obtained it through an Access to Information and privacy (ATIP) from the Department of National Defence.   I have consequently put on line
    the complete report; please go to my bibliography
    (posted on 10 July 2012)

. On 3 July 2012, I received from the Department of National Defence, Access to Information  and Privacy, the JAG's
   Working Summary Trial Group Report, March 1994. I have put on line the Table of Contents of the two volumes and the Executive Summary,
    please go to my bibliography
    (posted on 4 July 2012)
  
.
On 27 June 2012, the Military Police Complaints Commission tabled its Commssion's Final Report --  MPCC 2008-042-- Concerning a
    complaint by Amnesty International Canada and British Columbia Civil Liberties Association in June 2008.  In the Commission's Findings and
    Recommendations, the Commission wrote:

"The Complainants, the subjects, the Department of National Defence, and the public would have
been much better served by a more transparent and cooperative approach."
(http://www.mpcc-cppm.gc.ca/300/afghan/2012-06-27-17-eng.aspx)

    (posted on 27 June 2012)

. Some courses given in the CF are of interest to military law research, here are some of them:
     -  Law of Armed Conflict courses / Cours sur le droit des conflits armés, see http://www.cda.forces.gc.ca/au-ns/wd/lacc-eng.asp
     - Advanced Military Studies Course (AMSC);
     - National Security Studies Course (NSSC), replaced by the National Security Programme, see http://www.cfc.forces.gc.ca/242-eng.html

    To go further, see Lieutenant-Colonel David Last "Military Degrees: How High is the Bar and Where's
     the Beef?", (summer 2004) 5(2) Canadian Military Journal available at http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vo5/no2/military-militair-eng.asp
    (posted on 21 June 2012)

. I have put on line the book by Singer and Langford, Handbook of Canadian Military Law, 1941.  To view go below to my
   bibliography
   (posted on 19 June 2012)

. I have found the advanced search page at Queen's University Library quite useful in researching military law articles in newspapers etc.
    Give it a try, it's available and free at http://queensu.summon.serialssolutions.com/advanced/
    (posted on 18 June 2012)

. On 15 June 2012, the Minister of National Defence tabled in the House of Commons a Revised report of the review of the provisions
    and operations of the National Defence Act, pursuant to the An Act to amend the National Defence Act and to make consequential
    amendments to other Acts, S.C. 1998, c. 35, s. 96(2). — Sessional Paper No. 8560-411-828-02.
   (http://www.parl.gc.ca/HousePublications/Publication.aspx?DocId=5680829&Language=E&Mode=1&Parl=41&Ses=1)
   No doubt that this mistake explains the delay in publishing the report on the internet.
    (posted on 16 June 2012). 

. On 8 June 2012, the Minister of National Defence tabled in the House of Commons two documents:
    - the Report of the review of the provisions and operations of the National Defence Act, pursuant to An Act to amend the National Defence Act
      and to make consequential amendments to other Acts, S.C. 1998, c. 35, s. 96(2). — Sessional Paper No. 8560-411-828-01; and
    - the "Comments of the Minister of National Defence on the Report of the Second Independent Review Authority regarding Bills C-25 and C-60". — Sessional
      Paper No. 8530-411-11. (http://www.parl.gc.ca/HousePublications/Publication.aspx?DocId=5635361&Mode=1&Parl=41&Ses=1&Language=E)

     Today is the 15 June 2012 and these documents have not been published on the internet yet.  What is the problem?
     (posted 15 June 2012)

.
200 years ago the Canada-US war of 1812 took place -- Part 3
    Here is a drawing of a sophisticated military pubishment for a military offence.  Does anyone know how many hours the
    military or militia convict  had to stay on the wooden horse with his hands tied behind his back?
    The expert will know the approximate width of the back of the horse!

     I also found some information on the artist Eugène Leliepvre.   



(posted on 5 June 2012)

. Before 2005, the annual  report prepared by the Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS) was tabled in the House of Commons  by the Minister of National Defence.
    It was tabled not because there was a statutory obligation but simply because the government of the day believed that the CDS was an important person accountable to
    Canadians and parliamentarians.    Is this situation no longer the case?   The last report, Making Choices -- Annual Report of the Chief of the Defence Staff, 2003-2004,
    was tabled in the House on 6 December 2004 (see Journals).
    (posted on 4 June 2012)

. Here is a photo that I took of young Captain Jerry Pitzul in 1978,  Jerry was then a student at Dalhousie University.
    The picture was taken at Captain Bob Benson's residence in Nova Scotia.  In 1978, I was with the AJAG office
    in Halifax.  The AJAG was Lieutenant-Colonel Jim Fay, an excellent mentor for military law.  Jerry subsequently worked
    for LCol Fay in Halifax.
 
    
     (posted on 4 June 2012)
     and
     28 years later...
     

      Jerry S. T. Pitzul, Q.C.
      Major-General/Major-général
      Judge Advocate General / Juge-avocat général, 1998-2006
      [photo reproduced from the cover page of volume 1, 2006, JAG Les actualités -- Newsletter /
      photo reproduite de la page couverture du volume 1, 2006,  JAG Les actualités --- Newsletter]
      (posted on 1 August 2012)


. The conservative government does not know what true democracy is all about.   Since December 2011, it has in its possession a report
    on an Independent Review of the Military Justice provisions of the National Defence Act.conducted by the Honourable Patrick J. LeSage.
   
It refuses to make it public.  It behaves like a dictator or like Louis XIV -- "La loi c'est moi!".  Obviously Bill C-15 is no longer a priority for the government!
    Maybe the drafting of the forthcoming Notice of Action  to the Chairman of the Military Police Complaints Commission following its interim report of 21 December 2011 on the
    Afghanistan Public Interest Hearing is compounding the problem.  
    (posted on 4 June 2012)

.
200 years ago the Canada-US war of 1812 took place -- Part 2 /
     Il y a 200 ans, la guerre entre le Canada et les États-Unis eut lieu.  -- Partie 2
   
    For certain offences, a member of the militia could receive the punishment of beaten with rods.  Note the sergeant with his pike./
    Pour certaines infractions, un milicien pouvait recevoir la peine d'être battu de verges.  Notons le sergent en avant avec son pique.

   
  (posted on 22 May 2012)

.
Back in the late seventies, I was major JJPF (yes all my initials as a roman catholic) Lareau working at the Office of the
   Judge Advocate General / Directorate of Law Training on Laurier Street in Ottawa.  The Director was Colonel Armand Desroches.  At that time, the
   Directorate published 25 short articles on the law of war. A series of posters were also published to go with the articles.  Here is one of them:


Source: http://collections.civilisations.ca/public/pages/cmccpublic/emupublic/Display.php?irn=1020403
&QueryPage=%2Fpublic%2Fpages%2Fcmccpublic%2Femupublic%2FQuery.php&lang=2
(accessed on 21 May 2012).

The 25 articles were gathered together and published as You and The Law of War,
Canadian Forces Office of the Judge Advocate General, 92 p.   I still have a copy home and I will
ask the government of Canada for permission to publish it at this site.

(Posted on 21 May 2012)



.  

Captain "ptit mine"

This 1979 photo of my cat has been damaged with time but Captain "Ptit mine"  is
still watching carefully what is going on in the military law scene!
(photo taken by François Lareau) -- By the way, I like to think about myself as Capt. "Ptit mine".
I am adding this comment  because one of my friends, a retired Ph.D. professor, told me that cats don't live that long!

Have a good day!
(posted on 21 May 2012; amendment 11 November 2014)


. Time for souvenirs again -- Middle East -- Part II
   In February 1981 as a military lawyer with the JAG, I went through the city of Quneitra in the Golan Heights.
   Here are some photos that I took:

  

"Quneitra ..is the largely destroyed and abandoned capital of the Quneitra Governorate in south-western Syria.
It is situated in a high valley in the Golan Heights at an elevation of 1,010 metres (3,313 feet)[1] above sea level....

On 10 June 1967, the last day of the Six-Day War, Quneitra came under Israeli control.[4] It was briefly recaptured
by Syria during the 1973 Yom Kippur War, but Israel regained control in its subsequent counter-offensive. The city
was almost completely destroyed before the Israeli withdrawal in June 1974. It now lies in the demilitarized
United Nations Disengagement Observer Force Zone between Syria and Israel, a short distance from the de facto
border between the two countries, and is populated by only a handful of families. Syria refused to rebuild the city
and actively discourages resettlement in the area. Israel was heavily criticized by the United Nations for the city's
destruction,[5] while Israel has also criticized Syria for not rebuilding Quneitra.[6]"
[source: "Quneitra", Wikipedia, accessed on 20 May 2012]


  


Hereunder is a church that seems to be undamaged.  It may have been spared because of the law of war


(posted on 20 May 2012)

. Time for souvenirs -- Middle East --  Part I
   In February 1981 as a military lawyer with the JAG, I visited our troops at Camp Ziouani -- CANLOG --UNDOF
   in the Golan Heights.  Here are a few pictures that I took:


That person is not François Lareau






The barracks where we slept.



(Posted on 18 May 2012)

.
Here is the latest developments on my Access to Information Act (ATI Act) request to get a copy of the JAG clause by clause analysis of Bill C-25
   that received royal assent on 10 December 1998.   We will recall that  I  made the request to Library and Archives Canada (LAC)
  (see my letter).  LAC refused my request (see the two letters).  Subsequently,  I made a complaint to the Office of the Commissioner of Information (OCI) on 26 March 2012 (see my letter).

   On 11 April 2012, the OCI acknowledged receipt of my complaint (see letter).  By letter of 1 May 2012, the OCI inormed me that an investigator had been named  (see letter).
   On 2 May 2012, the investigator informed me  that in her opinion the requested documents were probably exempted under subsection 68(c) of the ATI Act  (see her email).
   On 3 May 2012, I informed the investigator that I had read subsection 68(c) and that I was withdrawing my complaint; I also informed the investigator that I would probably ask
   for these documents from the Department of Justice (sic) using the letter from LAC saying that the documents were available and accessible to the public, hence the Department
   would probably not have any objection in sending me a copy (see my email).  The investigator then informed  me that he was closing his investigation and on 4 May 2012, I then informed
   the investigator that I had meant the Department of National Defence (DND) and not  the Department of Justice (see emails).   On 4 May 2012, the investigator sent me a letter advising me
   that my complaint would be classified as discontinued (see letter).

   I then decided to make an ATI Act request to DND, see my letter of 7 May 2012  I am now waiting for DND official position regarding my request after supplying more information to them on
   17 May 2012.
   (posted on  18 May 2012)
    
 
. Here is my cat Captain "ptit mine" again in 1979, after I told him that I would be absent for a week on court martial duties!


(photo taken by François Lareau)
(posted on  16 May 2012)


. Je viens de reproduire à ce site, les Extraits du Manuel de Droit militaire 1929 - Nouveau tirage à l'intention de l'armée canadienne
 1941 (nouveau tirage fait au Canada, comportant les modificatifs 1 à 31, en avril 1943 [...] 
Pour consulter le livre aller à ma bibliographie.
 (mis en ligne le 15 mai 2012)

. 200 years ago the Canada-US war of 1812 took place -- Part 1

    1- The execution of a Canadian deserter after his court martial; note that the deserter is shot on his coffin.
         In Canada, the death penalty was abolished for military offences in 1998.
        (source: Library and Archives Canada, division of manuscripts)




 
    2- Enlisting document of Michel Mercier, a volunteer of the "corps des Voltigeurs canadiens" in 1812.
          Can we can say that it was part of military administrative law?
     
  (posted on 10 May 2012)   

. I just read that David McNairn is writing a book: Canadian Military Justice, see note 1 at http://www.cba.org/cba/newsletters-sections/pdf/2012-05-military-2.pdf (accessed on 8 May 2012);
   (posted on 8 May 2012)

. I noticed today that the May 2012 edition of the Sword and Scale -- CBA National Military Law Section Newsletter is now available on line.

   L'édition de mai 2012 du Salut militaire -- Bulletin de la Section nationale du droit militaire vient d'être publiée sur l'internet -- à lire!
  
   (posted on 4 May 2012) 

.
I recently obtained under the Access to Information Act, two reports prepared for the JAG by the Bronson Consulting Group -- External Review of Defence Counsel Services -- Final Report (2009) and
External Review of the Canadian Military Prosecution Service -- Final Report (2008).  I have put on line the Executive Summary of each report.  I will ask for permission to put the complete reports on line from the
copyright holder.  To read the executive summaries, please go to my  bibliography  hereunder.
(posted on 2 May 2012)
  

. I was not certain 100% that the Minister of National Defence was in possession since December 2011 of a report on military law and extremely relevant to Bill C-15  now before the House of Commons.
   Now I know for sure that the Minister is hidding things from the House members and Canadians.  If you go to the web site of the law firm Gowlings, http://www.gowlings.com/OurPeople/lynn-mahoney (click on
   "Representation Work"), you will read:

                In March 2011, Lynn acted as counsel and assisted the Honourable Patrick
                LeSage to conduct an Independent Review of the Military Justice provisions
               of the National Defence Act. The report was delivered in December 2011.
  
    If you  want to read about the issue, please go to 2011 -- Second Five Year Review of Bill C-25 (a few years late)
    (posted on 2 May 2012)  


. During the hearings of the Commision of Inquiry into the Deployment of Canadian Forces to Somali, several JAG officers testified.  Here is the presentation of Capt. (N) Bill Reed
   on the rationale for a military justice system made before the Commission on 20 June 1995Bill was a first class legal officer.  Please go to my bibliography  below.
   (put on the internet on 2 May 2012). 

.  I have put on line some excerpts of the book by Arthur Schafer, The Buck Stops Here.  Reflexions on Moral Responsibility, Democratic Accountability and Military
   Values
.  A study prepared for the Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of Canadian Forces to Somalia.  Please go to my bibliography  below.

   J'ai mis en ligne quelques pages du livre de Arthur Schafer.  Le responsable, c'est moi.  Réflexions sur la responsabilité morale, l'obligation de rendre compte en
   démocratie et les valeurs
:  Étude préparée pour la Commission d'enquête sur le déploiement des Forces canadiennes en Somalie.  Allez à ma bibliographie  ci-dessous.
   (mis en ligne le 24 avril 2012)

.  I have put on line some excerpts of the book by Jean-Paul Brodeur, Violence and Racial Projudice in the Context of Peacekeeping.  A study prepared
    for the Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of Canadian Forces to Somalia
.  Please go to my bibliography below.

   J'ai mis en ligne quelques pages du livre de Jean-Paul Brodeur.  Violence et préjugés raciaux dans les missions de maintien de la paix:  Étude préparée pour la Commission d'enquête
   sur le déploiement des Forces canadiennes en Somalie
.  Allez à ma bibliographie ci-dessous.
   (mis en ligne le 23 avril 2012)

.  I have put on line some excerpts of the book by Donna Winslow, The Canadian Airborne Regiment in Somalia: A Socio-cultural Inquiry.  A study prepared
    for the Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of Canadian Forces to Somalia
.  Please go to my bibliography below.

   J'ai mis en ligne quelques pages du livre de Donna Winslow, Le Régiment aéroporté du Canada en Somalie:  Étude préparée pour la Commission d'enquête
   sur le déploiement des Forces canadiennes en Somalie
.  Allez à ma bibliographie ci-dessous.
   (mis en ligne le 21 avril 2012)

. En bref un peu la routine quoi quand on met en ligne des extraits d'une collection, il faut le faire comme un livre par jour! Aujourd'hui c'est le livre d' Allen G. Sens,
    La Somalie et l'évolution du maintien de la paix: les conséquences pour le Canada : Étude préparée pour la Commission d'enquête sur le déploiement
    des Forces canadiennes en Somalie
.  Comme d'habitude, on va à ma bibliographie pour lire les extraits mis en ligne.

    I have put on the internet some pages of the book of Allen G. Sens, Somalia and the Changing Nature of Peacekeeping: The Implications for Canada --  A study
    prepared for the Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of Canadian Forces to Somalia
.  Please go to my bibliography hereunder.
    (posted on 20 April 2012)        

. I have put on line some excerpts of the book by Paul Larose-Edwards, Jack Dangerfield and Randy Weekes, Non-Traditional Training for Canadian
   Peacekeepers
--  A study prepared for the Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of  Canadian Forces to Somalia.  Please go to my bibliography below.

   J'ai mis en ligne quelques pages du livre de Paul Larose-Edwards, Jack Dangerfield et Randy Weekes, Instruction militaire non traditionnelle destinée aux casques bleus
   canadiens
Étude préparée pour la Commission d'enquête sur le déploiement des Forces canadiennes en Somalie.  Allez à ma bibliographie ci-dessous.
   (posted on 18 April 2012)


. I have put on line some excerpts of the book by Berel Rodal,  The Somalia Experience in Strategic Perspective.  Implications for the
   Military in a Free and Dem
ocratic Society  --  A study prepared for the Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of
   Canadian Forces to Somalia
.  Please go to my bibliography below.

   J'ai mis en ligne quelques pages du livre de Berel Rodal : L'expérience de la Somalie d'un point de vue stratégique.  Répercussions sur les
   forces militaires dans une société libre et démocratique: Étude préparée pour la Commission d'enquête sur le déploiement des Forces
   canadiennes en Somalie
.  Allez à ma bibliographie ci-dessous.
   (posted on 17 April 2012)

.
I have put on line some excerpts of the book by Douglas L.  Bland, National Defence Headquarters Centre for Decision --  A study prepared for
    the Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of Canadian Forces to Somalia
.  Please go to my  bibliography below.   ------NEW -- NEW ---NEW:
   The book is now on the internet see  http://www.queensu.ca/dms/DMS_Course_Materials_and_Outline/NDHQ_Centre_for_Decision_Book.pdf  (accessed on 10 December 2013)

   J'ai mis en ligne quelques pages du livre de Douglas L.  Bland : Le Quartier général de la Défense nationale -- un centre de décision: Étude
   préparée pour la Commission d'enquête sur le déploiement des Forces canadiennes en Somalie
.  Allez à ma  bibliographie  ci-dessous,
   (posted on 16 April 2012).

.
On 29 March 2012, during the debates on second reading of Bill C-15An Act to amend the National Defence Act and to make consequential
    amendments to other Acts
, Mr.Chris Alexander, Parliamentary  Secretary to the  Minister of National Defence stated for the government:.

Given the urgency of this bill, given the fact that some of these changes have been pending since the Lamer report in 2003,
given the fact that this Parliament and previous Parliaments have considered this bill in different forms three times, Bill C-7
in the 39th Parliament, Bill C-45 in the 38th Parliament, Bill C-41 in the 40th Parliament, and now Bill C-15, would the
member not agree with us, and this is really an appeal to his common sense and his sense of duty to do right by our men
and women in uniform, that the best place to discuss the details he has proposed, the very technical aspects of this bill that
deserve discussion, is in committee and that we as members of Parliament have a duty to get it to committee as soon as possible?
[Hansard, 29 March 2012, p. 6708]
  
    I find it intellectually dishonest for the Parliamentary Secretary not to inform the House as to what is happening to the Second Five Year Review of Bill C-25
    (Lamer's report in 2003 was the First Five Year Review).  On 2 March 2012, I  reminded the Minister of National Defence by e-mail that the LeSage report
    that was submitted on or before 31 December 2011  (I presume, see Directive, paragraph 7) should be tabled in the House of Commons A.S.P.

    If you  want to read about the issue, please go to 2011 -- Second Five Year Review of Bill C-25 (a few years late)
    (posted on 2 April 2012)

. I have put on pdf format the table of Contents and Summary of Recommendations of Healy's and O'Reilly's book
    Independence in the Prosecution of Offences in  the Canadian Forces: Military Policing and Prosecutorial Discretion.
    James W. O'Reilly is now a Federal Court Judge and Patrick Healy a Provincial Court Judge.   They are both part of the team of editors
    of the Canadian Criminal Law Review.  Please go to my bibliography  below.
    (posted on 1 April 2012).

    J'ai mis en ligne en format pdf la table des matières ainsi que les recommandations du livre d'O'Reilly et Healy, L'indépendance des poursuites engagées relativement
    à des infractions commises dans les Forces canadiennes
.  James W. O'Reilly est maintenant juge à la Cour fédérale, tandis que
    Patrick Healy, l'est à la Cour provinciale.  Tous deux font partie de l'équipe des rédacteurs du périodique juridique Revue canadienne
     de droit pénal
.  Allez à ma bibliographie ci-dessous.
    (mis en ligne le 1er avril 2012)

. J'ai toujours aimé écouter "la grosse noce" de Gilbert Bécaud, c'est plein de joie de vivre...surtout lorsqu'il parle de grand-papa,
    un ancien militaire.  C'est spécial quand tu as fait du service en Allemagne! --  écoutons la chanson!
    (mis en ligne le 27 mars 2012)

. Regarding my Access to Information Act request to Library and Archives Canada for a copy of the clause by clause analysis of Bill C-25
    by DND/JAG that received royal assent on 10 December 1998 (see letter), Library and Archives Canada refused my request (see the two lettrs).
    I have made a complaint to the Commissioner of Information on 26 March 2012 (see my letter).
    (posted 26 March 2012)

   As I have written on 15 March, I find it undemocratic that members of a Committee studying a Bill to receive and consider very influential
   comments made by the Department responsible for the Bill that are not published or made available to the public.  In addition, at report stage of the Bill,  the rest of  the MPs do not have the benefit
   of these comments that may have influenced the members of the Committee.  However, I admit that the other MPs could have access to these comments if they requested them.  The best
   practice adopted by some government organizations is to make those comments public by publishing them on the internet. (posted on 15 March 2012).
   
. I had the chance yesterday to consult the book of Dr. Chris Madsen, Military Law and Oprations.  Very few public libraries and universities have this book on their shelves.
   By my standards, it is a rare book!  It has a record of all courts martial from 1972 to 2011 -- quite impressive and useful!  I have concluded that it is fair dealing to reproduce the Table of Contents
   of this book.  Please go to my bibliography entry hereunder, under Madsen, Military Law and Operations, and look for  detailed Table of Contents  (24 March 2012). 

. I have noted an interesting Ph.D. dissertation by Teresa Iacobelli at the University of Western Ontario, No example is needed : discipline and authority in the Canadian expeditionary
  Force during the First World War
.  To read the abstract go to her name in my bibliography (posted 18 March 2012).

. I made an Access to Information Act request to Library and Archives Canada for a copy of the clause by clause analysis of Bill C-25
   that received royal assent on 10 December 1998 (see letter).  I find it undemocratic that members of a Committee studying a Bill to receive and consider very influential
   comments made by the Department responsible for the Bill that are not published or made available to the public.  In addition, at report stage of the Bill,  the rest of  the MPs do not have the benefit
   of these comments that may have influenced the members of the Committee.  However, I admit that the other MPs could have access to these comments if they requested them.  The best
   practice adopted by some government organizations is to make those comments public by publishing them on the internet. (posted on 15 March 2012).
   
. I just reminded the Minister of National Defence by e-mail that the LeSage report that was submitted on or before 31 December 2011
    (I presume, see Directive, paragraph 7) should be tabled in the House of Commons a.s.p.  This report is relevant to Bill C-15
    (posted on 2 March 2012).    

. I just mailed an Access to Information Act request to DND for two  reports prepared by
    the Bronson Consulting Group for the Office of the Judge Advocate General -- see my PDF ATI Request.
    (posted 19 February 2012).    By letter, DND advised me that it had received my request on 24 February 2012.
    (posted on 19 March 2012)

. On 16 February 2012, the Minister of National Defence tabled in the House of Commons the 2009-2010 Annual report
    of the JAG -- Le 16 février 2012, le ministre de la défense nationale a déposé à la Chambre des communes le rapport
    annuel du JAG pour la période 2009-2010.
     (posted 18 February 2012)

. After a couple of hours of work, I have put in pdf format the Extracts from Manual of Military Law, 1929: Reprinted for Use in the
    Canadian Army, 1941 (Reprinted in Canada February, 1941, by the permission of the Controller, His Majesty's Stationery Office)
--  It  is found in this
     bibliography
     (posted 15 February 2012)
 
. I just finished reading some parts of J.L. Granatstein's book Canada's Army: Waging War and Keeping
    the Peace
(2nd ed., 2011).  It contains some interesting comments on his evaluation of the work of the
    the Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of Canadian Forces to Somalia.  They are reproduced in this
    bibliography.
    (posted on 2 February  2012);

. Je viens de lire 696 heures d'enfer avec le Royal 22e Régiment, du major Poulin, publié en 1946.
    J''ai reproduit deux extraits pertinents au droit de la guerre : un sur l'importance de l'emblême de la Croix-rouge
    et l'autre sur l'ordre suivant: "Autant que possible, pas de prisonniers"; aller ci-dessous dans la bibliographie.
    (mis en ligne le 30 janvier 2012);

With the House of Commons resuming its activities this week, watch soon for the following:

      - the second reading of Bill  (the Strengthening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Act) and
         the holding of the proceedings of the Standing Committee on it;

      - the tabling of the report of the second independent review of amendments to the National Defence Act
        conducted by the Honourable Patrick J. LeSage; and
 
     - the tabling of the annual report of the JAG for the year ended 31 March 2010 and why not also for 2011! 
       (posted 29 January 2012)

I just got a copy of the DND document The National Defence Act [1950] : Explanatory Material, following
     an Acess to Information Act request.  On behalf of all researchers, I wish to thank the DND and CF authorities
      involved for a great job in giving me the document in pdf format!   To view the document go below to my bibliography.
     (posted on 27 January 2012)

Congratulations to Professors Michel W. Drapeau and David McNair who are giving a course on Canadian Military Law at the University of Ottawa.
      The course is "CML 4104B -- Studies in Public Law -- Canadian Military Law  -- Winter 2012 -- FTX 136"; see Course Syllabus.
     
  (posted on 24 January 2012)

On 7 June 2010, the Minister of National Defence tabled in the House of Commons the Annual Report of the Judge Advocate General
      for the fiscal year finishing on 31 March 2009.  Since then no annual report has been tabled, no explanation has been given.  In my opinion
      s. 9.3 of the National Defence Act has not been followed for the fiscal year finishing on 31 March 2010.  It is my understanding a report will be tabled in February 2012. 

      I thus find it troubling that since 17 January 2012 the  "JAG Role and Responsibilities" web page which quoted s. 9.3 of the National Defence Act
      has been eliminated  (see former page  in archives -- http://web.archive.org/web/20090319053045/http://www.forces.gc.ca/jag/office-cabinet/role-eng.asp
      and compare with current site at http://www.forces.gc.ca/jag/index-eng.asp).
      (posted on 24 January 2012).
       
Douglas L. Bland and Richard Shimooka have recently published a book:
      Let Sleeping Dogs Lie: The Influence of External Studies and Reports on National Defence Policy --
      2000 to 2006.  I met and worked with one of the authors, Doug Bland, while we were at the Somalia Commission
      of Inquiry.  Doug is a likeable person with a great sense of humour.  I have put the table of contents of their book
       in this bibliography.  As to the sense of humour, here a quote from the book:

"In my five years as an assistant deputy minister in NDHQ, I cannot recall  one instance in which
the senior officers and public servants in the building  -- the so-called 'level 1s' -- were briefed on or
discussed even superficially any academic or parliamentary report.  My colleague, the assistant
deputy minister for Public Affairs, explained why.

"'The drill here', he said plainly, 'is this: Whenever one of these reports arrives in the building we
 look at the dog.  If the dog sleeps on, we simply record the report.  If the dog  wakes up, we
 put it back to sleep as quietly and as quickly as we can.  If the dog howls, we have a problem and
 I take care of it.  The dog is the media'."

                                                         A conversation with an assistant deputy minister who
                                     served in the Department of National Defence from 2000 to 2006
                                     (p. [ix], posted on 20 January 2012)

I recently received from Dr. Christian Schulz a copy of his book Das kanadische und das deutsche Wehrrecht im Rechtsvergleich,
      [The Canadian and German military law in comparison].  Christian Schulz is an attorney at law in Munich, mail@christian-schulz.eu.
      You can look at the Table of Contents in my bibliography under Schulz.
 
      Christian Schulz a publié chez Peter Lang un livre en allemand comparant le droit militaire allemand et canadien.  Christian Schulz
       pratique le droit à Munich, mail@christian-schulz.eu.  On peut consulter la table des matières dans ma bibliographie sous Schulz
       (posted 15 January 2012).    
 
My first posting as a legal officer in the field was in 1975 with the AGAG in Halifax, LCol  Jim Fay, an officer who cared about his staff and a great mentor.
      It was all navy there in Halifax.  So here are two chapters on naval legal history: "The Naval Service Act" and "Implementing the Naval Service Act" from Tucker's book --
      The Naval Service of Canada: Its Official History, Vol. I, Origins and Early Years.
     
Go to the location of Tucker's book PDF in this bibliography
      (posted 13 January 2012)

Professor Friedland's book in now on line:
      go to the location in this bibliography --click
      PDF Controlling Misconduct in the Military: a Study prepared for the
           Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of Canadian Forces to Somalia
           (posted on 4 January 2012)

       Le livre du professeur Friedland est maintenant en ligne
       allez à l'endroit pertinent dans cette bibliographie
        PDF  Contrôle de l'inconduite dans les forces armées: Étude préparée pour la
              Commission d'enquête sur le déploiement des Forces canadiennes en Somalie
  
.   Un grand militaire est décédé --le brigadier-général Robert L. Martin (ret), 1932-2011 /
      A great officer passed away -- Brigadier-General Robert L. Martin (ret'd), 1932-2011
      (posted on 3 Jan 2012)

      I attended the funeral service.  Retired JAGs Pierre Boutet, Jerry Pitzul and Jim Simpson were present along with the
      current JAG, Brigadier-general Blaise Cathcart.  It was a well organized and touching event  (comment added on 17 March 2012).    

.   To start a good day of research, de la musique svp et Vive la Canadienne!
 
     Royal 22e régiment -- Départ pour le défilé  -- Vive la Canadienne!  Vole, mon coeur, vole!
     http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QisM5juuqsA&feature=related

     Take two but not the vandoos -- but still Vive la Canadienne!
     http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=omsZ8cfNSQg&feature=related

     Et pour la grande finale -- jouons tous Vive la Canadienne!  -- FIMMQ Tattoo 2008 March In
     http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ZzZoASWtuw&feature=rellist&playnext=1&list=PL09FF71657F18E6BE  

.
     .  Today's special, I have put on line the book of :James M. (Jim) Simpson -- a former JAG
         Go to the location in this bibliography
   
PDF Law Applicable to Canadian Forces in Somalia 1992/93: A study prepared
         for the Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of Canadian Forces to Somalia
    
     j'ai mis en ligne le livre de James M. (Jim) Simpson  -- un ancien JAG:
     allez à l'endroit pertinent dans cette bibliographie
    
PDF Droit applicable aux Forces canadiennes en Somalie en 1992-1993: Étude préparée




          pour la Commission d'enquête sur le déploiement des Forces canadiennes en Somalie
          (posted/mis en ligne le 20 décembre 2011)


.   Time to relax and go back to l'Alsace-Lorraine war of 1870 and read about the Captain playing
    the game of his career  -- "A Game of Billiards" from Alphonse Daudet's book The Monday Tales (at pp. 9-15) /
   
    On relaxe un peu, on se transporte à la période de la guerre d'Alsace/Lorraine de 1870 et on
    regarde le capitaine qui joue la partie de sa carrière -- "La partie de billard" du livre Les contes du lundi d'Alphonse Daudet
    (posted/mis en ligne le 18 décembre 2011) 

.
  I have put on line the book of  R. Arthur McDonald:

R. Arthur, (Ronald Arthur), 1948-, Canada's Military Lawyers, Ottawa : Office of the Judge Advocate General, c2002, x, 242 p., ISBN: 0662321928;
PDF ENGLISH VERSION
Source: McDONALD, R. Arthur, Office of the Judge Advocate General,
            The Story of Canada's Military Lawyers, Department of National
             Defence, Cat. no D2-136/2002E, ISBN: 0-662-32192-8.
             Reproduced with the permission of the Minister of Public Works
             and Government Services Canada, 2011.
- Table of Contents;
- pp. i-xii and 1-102;
pp. 103-242;
- Index;   



(posted on 30 July 2012)


  J'ai mis en ligne le livre de R. Arthur McDonald :
McDONALD, R. Arthur, Les avocats militaires du Canada, Ottawa : Cabinet du Juge-avocat général, c2002, x, 263 p., ISBN: 0662874358;  
PDF VERSION FRANÇAISE
Source: McDONALD, R. Arthur, Cabinet du juge-avocat général,
             Les avocats militaires du Canada, Ministère de la défense nationale,
             numéro de catalogue D2-136/2002F, ISBN: 0-662-87435-8.
             Reproduit avec la permission du ministre des Travaux publics et Services gouvernementaux Canada, 2011.
- Table des matières;
- pp. i-x et 1-116;
- pp. 117-263;
- Index;



Book Launch Ceremony/Cérémonie du lancement du livre --
1 October 2002, Gen Hénault, MGen Pitzul, and Col (Ret'd)
 MacDonald


(source: JAG Newsletter -- Les actualités, vol. 1 -- 2003, p. 3)
(posted 30 July 2012)